John Fortescue.

The works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) online

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3:*~^^§is=^ here given from a copy taken dirertly from the original, through the
kindnefs of the Librarian, the l^ev. H. O. Coxe.



Hie incepit quod Jam Breve utile J'eciDtdum Fortefeu}

Who will beware in purchafing

Confider the poyntis that byn following :

Firft fee that the lond bee cleere in title of the leller

See that he not in prilon bee,

And that he bee in good minde and memory ;

And that hit lland not in no danger,

And of no woman's endower ;

See whether the tenure be bond or tree,

And have reles of every fefFe ;

See that the feller be of age,

And that hit lye in noe morgage ;

Loke yef a taile therot may be found.

And whether it ftand in Itatutes bond ;

Confider what fervice longeth thereto.

And what quyte rent prelent mull; goo ;

And if hit meoue of weddid woman,

Thenke on couert de Baron then ;



From RawlinfLm MSS. ( IJodlcian), H. cclh.



544 Legal Advice to Pur chafers of La7id.

And yef thou might in any wyfc
Make the charter with waramit tys,
To their heires and afllgnes alfo,
This fliall a wife purchaicr doo.
In iifteen yeeres yef thou wyfe be,
Thou fhalt agayn thy money lee.



THE COMODYTES OF ENGLOND,



SIR JOHN FORTES CUE, Knyght.



4 A




HIS piece, now for the firit time printed, is copied from ;i MS. in the
Laud Collection at the Bodleian Library, of a date nearly, if not alto-
gether, as early as the time of the author, who mutl: have written it before
the year 1451; tor the province of Guienne ceafcd to belontr to the
Englifh in that year.

Some perfons have doubted whether it can be afcribed to Chancellor I'ortefcue. It is.
however, generally attributed to him ; and the language in which the excellence of tlie
produdions of England is extolled, the eafc and comfort of the common people, and the
wealth of the Church dwelt upon, fo much refembles that of paflliges in " De Laudibus" and
" De Dominio," that I have little doubt of its origin. It does not appear, however, to have
been prepared for publication ; many fentences being imperfedly arranged, as if written
haftily, and without revifion.

It is included in the fame volume with the MS. of Fortefcue's " De Dominio Regali et
Politico" before mentioned, being placed after that treatife. At the foot of the firil; page
of the thin folio is writteri. Liber Gulidmi Laud Archiefi Cantuar. et Cancellani Vniver-
Jitatis Oxon. 1633.



THESE BE THE COMODYTES OF ENGLOND.




'■■ '"^l^^fj^^f FYRST Englond hath three Ryverfc with in hym felffe comynge owtc ot
'\[^^^T^ th^ See in to the myddes of the londe, whereby the fliyppes of all maner
W^yi^^T charge, of all maner natyons, may convey and feylle to in the gretefte
cytes of the lond, both ebbe and flodde with all manner marchandyes.

I. The fyrll: Ryver ys callyd Humber, that comyth to Yorke and
fo forth uppe into the contrey.
'2. The fecond Ryver ys called Temys, whych comyth uppe to London and fo forth

into the contrey.
3. The thyrde Ryver is callyd Saverne which comyth to Bryllowe and fo fo.th into
the contrey.
2. Secondly, linglond ys induyd and honouryd with many goode harbouers, and
goode roodys, and goode covertts ; that ys to undyrftand from the New Callell upe unto
the Ryver of Saverne.

The fyrfle ys Tynmouth huvyn, the feconde ys Hartylpole havyn, the third Wythby
havyn, the 4"' Scarborough, the 5"' Kfleynborough, the 6"' Humbur, the 7"' Lynne, the
8"' Deepes/ the 9'" Eley, the 10"' Yearmouth, the i 1"' Kyrkeley Roode,' the 1 2"' Downenych
havyn, the 13"' Orforde havyn, tlie 14"' Orwell havyn, the i 5"' Thanet ouer Temys Mouth,
the 16"' Sanwych havyn, the 17"' Downys, the 18"' Dover, the 19"' Lewys, the 20"' Camber,''
the 21" Wynchelfe, the 22'"' Rye, the 23"' Appolder,' the 24" Pevenfey, the 25"' Bi rne,
the 26"' Seforde, the 27"' Deende,' the 28"' Havent. . ^ ,



' Deeping on the Welland, in Lincoinfhire. • ''■ This muft be the luirbour oCKirkly, mar Loueftol't.

^ Camber between VVmchellea and Rye, v«W only a ruined caftle, and no loIi^. r w.dhed by the lea.

* Aijpledoie on the Rother, in Kent.

* Piobably meant for Weft Deane, on tiie Cuckmere, near Seaford, Sudex.



. ; i



■5 1






SS'^- The Coinodytes of R}iglo)i(L

Here folowyth the goode h;ivyns within the Ille of Whyght. Fyrft, the whych ys the
■29"' havyii of Englond, that ys to wet Porttfniouth, the jo"' Gofporte, the 3 r' I'ortchefter,
the J2'"' ]Iamelle Ryee, the jj'^ Hamelle the Moole,' and all t.ie holle Ryver up to
Hampton the whyche is the 34"' havyn, the 35'" ys Leymyngton, the 36"' Polle havyii, the
37'" Weymouthe, the 38"' Exmoth, the i,c^'^' Dertniouthe, the 40"' PJymouthe, the
41'' Ffowe, the 42'"' I''ah:]outh, the 43"^ Bryge Watter, the 44"' the hole ryver of Saverne.
And there be many other goode havyns that I have not liamed, and there be many other
goode havyns in the colT; of Walys, as Tynby the whych ys the 45'" haven of Englond,
the 46"' MyUorde, the 47"' Cayrdefe, and many oon moo. The 48"' Briftowe.

Her aker ye fhall undyrfland how the dyvers cofts of Englond by the lee fyde abuttyth
agenil; the cofts of other hinds on the other fyde of the fee.

Fyrlt Fleynborough Hed, which is now callyd Brytlynton Hed in forke fchyre,
abuttyth evyn agenft Stauorn in Freflond on that other fyde the fee.

Yearmouth in Norfolk abuttyth agenft the iVIafe in Holland. Horforde Neffe with the
brede'^ of the Teymys mouth, the whyche ys more than fixty mylle of brede, and ther
aflemlynge the North ftreme, and the South ftreme to gyder, abuttyth agenft Seland ai d
Flaundyrs.

Dover abuttyth agenfte Caleyfe.

Wynchelfea unto Beauchyfe abuttyth agenft Caleys and Seynt Valeryx.

The Baye of Arondell abuttyth agenft Deepe.

The Hand of Wyght abuttyth agenft Harflete.

Portland abuttyth agenft Schyrboroughe.

Dertmouth abuttyth agenft Seynt Malous. ;

Seynt Myghelles iVlownte in Cornwaylle agenfte Ufshente in Bretany.

Weft from Seynt Mychells Mounte unto the Ryver of Saverne in the coofteof Englond
abuttyth agenft the Spaynyfsh See.

Weft from Brydlyngton Hed in Yorke fchyre in the cooft of Englond abuttyth ageijift
the North See in Norway.

Weft from Severne to the New Caftell in the coft of Englond abuttyth agenft Walvs
and Skotland.

And thus longe ys the coofte of Englonde on the oon fvde of hym by fee. — As hyt ys
from Brydlyngton Hed in Yorke fchyre, unto Seynt iVIyghelle Mounte in Corntwaylle, as
hyt ys from Stauorne in Fryflande, unto Ufshente in Bretany.

This aboute the fhyres in thys fyde ot the lee in the Reame of Englond, that abuttyth
agenft the fchyrys of Duche tong and l-'rench tong on that other fyde of the fee. —



Thtfc two [jlaccs iire on the llamble, uliich joiiib Soutliampton Water. - i. e. breadth.



':t .! :-■: ^1



The Cojiiodytes of E?igloncl. 5 5 1

Yorke Schyre, Lyncolne Schyre, and Northfolke, abuttyth agenft all Fryflond, and
Holland.

Suffoike, and Eflexe, with the brcdc of the Temys mowthe, abuttyth agcnfl: all Seland
and Mandyrs.

Kentt, and Suflexe, abuttyth agenft all Picardy.

Hamfliyre, Dorfctfliyre, and Whyllbire, abuttyth agenft all Normandy.

Devynfhyre and Cornvvaylle abuttyth agenft all Bretany from Malouc.

And the cooft of France is no longer by the narow fee cooft than from Calyce in
Pycardy unto Seynt Malous in Bretany ; whyche from the ferlond of Tenytt in Kent ond
longe the cooft of the narow fee, Sowfex, Hamftiire, Dorflettfliire, and Whylftiyre, unto
Dertmouth in Devynftiire, been as long by the narow fee coft as all the cooft ot France ys
by the narrow fee coolt.

And on the other fyde of Bretayn the cooft of France hath his length longer, be the
lengthe of all the foreft Gearde/ and the contrey Petowe, unto our centre of Gyan, and
of Gafcowyn ; whiche bothe two contreys longythe to oure Soverayne Lorde Kynge ot
Ynglonde on that other fyde the Sec.

And to all FVance longythe but fix goode havyns in the Narow See. Over the other
fide of Bretayn longythe no havyn to liym but only Rochell. And that thefe havens ot
FVance had never yett noo navy of oowyn fchyppys, nor never ftiall have but hyt be a tewe
fchyppys of wer, that may doo us noo harme grete by the fee.

And wee a geanwarde may doo them but lytyll harme by the fee, for they have but
lytyll goode [which] they adventure unto ony contrey.

And therfore almaner Nations maye have full knowlege of the Reame of Ynghnd by
the Botayles;- jyke as hyt ys reherfyd afore that Ynglond ys no lytyll londe but a fub-
ftauncyall londe, when it abuttythe agenft fo many londes of Duche tonge, Frenche tonge,
and Bretayn tonge alfo.

3. The third comodyte of this londe ys that the grounde therof ys foo goode and
comodyous to the ftiepe, that beren foo goode woll and ys foo plentyous therof that all the
merchands of two londs may not by that one merchandyz.

4. The fourth comodyte that the coniones have with in hem ys wolleyn clothe redv
made at all tymys to ferve the merchaunts of ony two kyngdomys Cryftenye or hethynnye.

5. The fifth comodyte ys the grete plente ores of tyn, led and fee cole, tyn and led.

6. The fixth comodyte ys the gretteft trefoure of the worlde, and ys moft pie nte
therof, that ys golde ore and fylver ore, wherof we have the worthyeft paymente pail} nge
ony lond cryltyn or hethen.



Perhaps this is for Guerande, on the fouth part of the coafl of Brittany. Petowe, i.e. Poitou.
i. e. Abuttals, an old uorJ for boundaries, or frontiers.



■rri






552 The Co?nodytes of Rtigloiid.

7. The feventh comodyte ys that the comune peple of thys londe are the befte fedde,
and alfo the bed cledde of any natyon cryllyn or hethen.

And alfo many other comodyteys that 1 have not reherfyd, as iron and falte, hony and
waxe, refonable inowghe. And foo of all other comodyteys that are in all cryften londys
God hathe fentt us parte in thys rcame growynge for the mooft fiibltaiince ; fave only wyne
and oylle, tor the whyche (iod hathe fent us agenwarde ryght goode ale and myghty drynke
for the comune people. And thereto more plenty of fyfhe and flefhe than to any contrey
of the worlde.

As towchynge the worfhyppe of thys londe, the whiche appendyn to Holy Chyrche, be
the two Unyvcrfyteys at Oxforde and Cambryge, the whiche ther ys noo man that
travaylythe that knowthe two fo goode Unniverfytes in 00 lande, where dodors of dyvynyte
with all other clergy fcyence, that beyn fo well red and tawght as they are in t lys londe, and
Goddes fervyes fo worthyly, devynly, and devotly feyd, and chaftyte in lyvynge paflynge
ony other londe ; and the VVorthynes and Ryches of oure Arfbyfshoppys and Byfshoppys ;
and grete Abbeys are indowyd here in thys londe, and every preyft fyngynge with chaleys
of fylver, and with noo lede nor tyn as they do in other places.

And all the Holy Martyrs, confefTors, and vyrgyns that are in thys londe fcrynys ai d
odyr Images, as oure Lady Seyntt Mary, they are more rycher of golde, preOyous ftonys,
and Jewells than ony other londe.

And as towchynge the grete worthynes of thys Reame the whiche appendyn to all
teinporall Lordefhyppe, theyfe dyverfe londys and Lordefliyppes in dyverfe Regyons be
undyr oure lege lorde the Kynges obeyfance. As Inglond Walys and Cornewaylle as 01 e
londe, and three dyverle langage. Irelond another londe and a nother langage. Bafl oni'
a grete Lordfhyppe and the fifth langage. Gyen and myche of the reame of France the
fourth londe and the fixth langage. . .



Why the Merchanntts of all Cryften Natyons mod reparen with her fhyppys and mer-
chandyfe to Slufe in Flaundyrs for to uttur them in that londe, rather than to any other place
on the other fyde of the See, I fhall reherfe you.

Ffor the Merchanntts of the Northe Wefte Contrey as of Norwaye, Denmarke, Sowdie
Prufe, and all the Merchantts Eftlynge,''' and of Lowe Dowche londe, hyt were to fterre for
theym to feke hem in the Sowtheefte contrey, as almaner Lumbardds, C'atoloynys,
Spaynardds, and Portyngalers, Galycyans, Biilccrs, Bafkones, Chavers,^ and Bretoners, for
fuche merchandyfe as they have nede of; but for as mocheas Slufe in Flandyrs y: myd wey

' Bafkone, i.e. Vafconia, Gafcon)'. Bafliones, further on, are Gafcons.

'^ The inhabitants of the Hanle-lowns were called Eafterlings.

^ Probably for Chaffers, i. e. Merchaiitb. '



The Co))iodytes of RngloncL 553

betwene bothe, and thereto a goode havon, and all maiier of merchandyfe may better be
carycd thenfe by londe and by watyr than from ony phice on that other fyde of the fee ; that
ys the grete caufe that the merchannts of all Cryllen Natyons makyn to Siufe in b'landers
there grete repayre.

And what merchandyfe and rychefe come thydyr and in to all other londs ovvte of the
Northe eft Contrey be all Merchanndes of the londe, vvhiche lond fpekyn all maner Duche
tonge, hycr I3o\vche, and lower Duche, and no other langage amonge them ; forfothe they
brynge grete Merchandyfe, as i Hony, 2 Herynges, 3 Stokefyfshe, 4 Saltefyfshe, 5 Samon,
6 Sake, 7 Ele, 8 Sturgyon, 9 grete plente of Lynnyn-clothe, 10 Ofmond,' 11 Yron, 12 all
maner Copprue, 13 Bale-fle5i6, i4myche Wexe, 1 5 Pyche, and 16 Tarre, 17 Borde, grete plente
ot 18 Corne, and 19 Mele, 20 grete Maftes for ichyppys, 21 Bowftanys,'' 22 Spereftanys,
23' Grey werke, 24^ Rede werke, and all maner of 25 Peltry, and 26^ all maner of Latry, 27
Rynylshe Wyne, 28 Stele, and 29 Swerdes, 1,0' Tynglards, all maner of 3 i Glas, 32 I'oode
Woode, 2,2i Haburdalshewaye, and many other merchandyfe dyvers alfo.

And what Merchandyfe cummyth owte of the Sowtlie eft Contrey by the Merchanntes
of Venys, Gene, Catelonys, Florentynes, Valentynes (?), and be almanei- merchanntes Lum-
bardde, the whiche merchannttes Lumbard have but lyttyll merchandyfe growinge within
them felffe, but aryn* and levyn as merchannts betwene Cryften men and hethen men, that
fechythe by her grete aventure hethyn goodes and uttur them among us Cryllen men, and
owre goodes Cryftyn utter they amonge the hethyn men. b'orfothe they brynge grete
Merchandyfe, and that be thefe : They brynge all maner of Sp}cys, as i Peper, 2 Grynys,^
3 Clowys, 4 Gyngyr, 5 Mafes, 6 Synamon, 7 Saffron, 8 Canell, 9 Galyngall," 10 Ambergrys,'
II Notmugges, 12 Dregs dyvers, 13 Rumney, 14 Malmefey, 15 Greke Tyre, i() Mufta-
dell, 17 Almond, 18 Date, 19 Fygge, 20 ReylTynges, 21 Refyns of Coranne, 22 Sugyr,
23 bale Woode, 24 Cotton, 25 Alome Roche, 26 Alome Soyle, 27 (^uickfilver, 28 Brym- 1
ftone, 29 Cordes, 30 Clothes of Gold, 31 Clothes of Sylver, 32 Velvet, 2i Damaft^e, 34
Satteyn, 3^ Golde onwrought, 36 Sylver onwrought, 37 Saltpeter, 38 Oyle, 39 Perlys, 40 |
Coral], 41 Prefyous Stonys, and alfo many other dyvers dregs and fpyce that belongyth both
to grocers and to potycarys, with many other dyverfe merchandyfes. And lytyll have thev I
of ther owne growynge but that they fell in hethynes.

And owte of the kynges londe of Spayne cummythe goode dyght" merchandyfe, as
owte of Caftyll, Calyfe,'' and By (key the whiche three Contreys longe to hym, for o.vte of '
Caftyll cummyth moft plenty of 1

1 Oyle, 2 Wyne, 3 Salte, 4 Ilonye, 5 Wexe, 6 Conyfell, 7 Geayne, Cordewayne.

' Ofmond, a kind of iron. Arch. Dic^. - Bow-nicks and fpear-ihafts.

^ 23, 24, 26, and 30 have not been identified. * Aryn, i.e. are, cxilL '■' (irynya, giains.

* Galangal, or Calanga, an aromatic root from the Eaft Indies.

' Obfcure in MS. ' IJyf,''"' '■ '^■- prepared. " Calyl'e, now Gallicia.

1. 4 B



55+ Tlie Cojiiodvtes of Rjigloiid.

And Too dothe owt of Calys, but nowher nygh lb moche. And owte of Bifkey cum-
myth niooft plentye of Iron of ony Contrey ot" the workle, mochc Woodc, Comyn, and 4
Safforn aHb.

And owte of the kynges londe of Portyngale and Algarbe cummythe grete merchan-
dyfe as,

1 Mete oyle, 1 Woll oyle, 3 Salte, 4 Ofl'eye, 5 Ryptage, 6 Bafcarde, 7 Capike, 8
Conyfell, 9 Waxe, 10 Honye, 11 Greyn, li I'ygges, 13 Reylfvns, 14 Cordewayne.'

And owte of Bafkone as for Bayon cummythe i Iron, 2 Comyn, 3 Lycorys, 4 goode
Rofyn, 5 and SafForn.

And owte of Gyan as for Burdewys cummythe moche goode i Wyne and ys grete
plente thereof, and 2 SafForn alfo ; which two Contreys longe to Ynglonde on tliat fyde the
See

And owte of Bretayne cummythe moche i SaJte, 2 Crell: Clothe, 3 Cannas, and 4
Law m preys.

' Of theft ittins 4 ib Ofcy, a wine ; 6 is probably for Baflard, a Siianifii wine ; 7 ii for Caprick, a wine.



A LIST OF ALL THE KNOWN WORKS OF SIR
JOHN FORTESCUE.




PUSCULUM De Natura Legis Natur/e.

A Latin Treatife, in two Parts ; fometimes called " De Vigore Le-
sF gis Naturalis." A copy of Part I. is in the Bodleian, among the Laud
iW MSS., and there was alfo a copy in the Worfley Library. The only
known copy of Part II. is in the Lambeth Library, which contains a
MS. of the whole Treatife complete. This fecond part was not known in 17^2 to Mr.
Gregor, who fays, in his Preface to " De Laudibus," that it was fuppofed to be lolt, or pro-
bably deftroyed by its author, a remark repeated in the " Biographia Britannica" in 1750.
Mr. Cafley, in his lift of Fortefcue's works, in 1745, makes no mention of a fecond part.
Neither part has been printed before.

2. De Laudibus Lecum Angli^'e.

A Latin Treatife, firft printed in the reign of Henry VIII.

3. De lOoMiNio Regali et Politico.

Written in Englifh. Edited and printed by Lord Fortefcue of Credan, in 17 14 and

4. A Dialogue between Understanding and P'aith.

The only known copy is on fix leaves folio, in the Cotton Colleftion in the Britifh
Mufcum. It was much injured by the fire in 1731. Never before printed.

5. Of the Title of the House op York.

A Treatife written in fupport ot the claim of the Houfc of Lancafter, of which tl e^
fragments in this volume, now printed for the firft time, are all that are known to
exift. The Cotton copy of the MS. was deftroyed in the great fire, and there is no
other copy known.

6. A Defence of the House of Lancaster.

The only known copy periflied in the fire at the Cotton Library ; it was written upon



55^5 Li/} of Si?' Joh?! Forte/cues ITorks.

one ieaf. The only remaining paiTage is that in this volume, now printed tor the
firft time.

7. Defensio Juris Domus LANCAsrai.i:.

Written in Latin. The only known copy perirtied in the fire at the Cotton Library.
The paffiges from this work which, with one exception, are now printed for the

firft time, are all that have furvived.

i

8. A Genealogy of tfie House of Lan-caster. ^

The Cotton Copy lufl, and no other known.

9. Genealocia Regum Scoti.*: ab Adamo usfjuE AU Jacobum secundum.

The Cotton copy loft ; no copy known to exift.

10. The Declaracion by John Fortescu, Knyght, upon certay:.- Wrytings

sent oute of Scotlande ayenst the Kinge's Title oi- the Roialme of
England.

Several copies exift in MS. It is now printed for the firft time.

A work given in Caftey's lift of Fortefcue's works, as " A Defence of the I !oi le of
York, and King Edward IV." appears to be merely the above "Declaracion"
under a different name; for although the lift was made \o late as in IV4^, no
trace of any fuch treatife can be found, and yet if it was then in exiftence, it could
hardly be now forgotten.

11. A Lisr OF the Comodytes of Englond.

The only copy of this work known to the editor is among the Laud MSS. in t le Bod-
leian, from which it is now printed for the firft time. Its authorfliip has been
doubted by fonie wxirers. I

12. Legal Advice to Purchasers. [

In verfe, on a fincle page, headed Breve quoddam utile J'ecundum Fortejcu. Now printed
for the firft time from an MS. in the Rawlinfon Colledion in the Bodleian. |

Rifdon, writing about a.d. 1600, fays that "Sir John Kortelcue wrote a Prayer Book,
which favoured much of the times we live in." See Rifdon's " Survey of Devon," p. 189.
This is the only notice of its exiftence.



1 I H



ir '






]i .1 y ; A^K'^.^'




iii.f-



..i'i










rM /)' I



m




;i I'l '.■■< ' ';.' .r;;



i^M^4:^lM(M^^



LEGAL OPINIONS AND JUDGMENTS
OF SIR JOFIN FORTESCUE,

AS LORD CHIEF JUSTICE OF ENGLAND.



(i^i^^^Kj



•' : M : • ■ .':]-i



YEAR BOOKS. HEN. VI.




^Wichaelmas Term, i\ Hen \^I.
EWTON allied of jTortCfCUC, the Chief Jufticc, this queftion. hw ; ttorney



?;//! ''-'^^ °*^ '"'^'^ P'^'^^ brings an action uf debt for his falary, and decia es that



c| he was retained by the defendant in the capacity of attorney, &c. Can
\: ^ the defendant wage his law? JfortefCUC faid : No; the reafon being,
ij^^^Sri^-fej^^W^ that the jui^ices can force him to be his attorney in fpite of hiinfeif ; but
if the aClion was brought in that he was his attorney in a lower court, the defendant will \va"e
his law. — To which Newton agreed.



(. 4.



Eafley Term, 21 Hen. VI.

Note, that JTOrtCfCUC, Chief Juftice of the King's Bench, and Godreu, another of f. ^4 b.
the juflices of the fame place, afl-^ed this quertion in the Common Bench. An app-over in
the King's Bench had appealed certain perlons of felony ; procefs is made againlt them, in
which the fherifF returns " not found ;" and as the juflices of the fame bench fuppofe that
there are no fiich perfons in renini natura as the appellor has appealed, and in their opinion I
the appeal is feigned, the quertion arifcs, whether they can on fuch appeal give judgniciit 1
on the appellor, or otherwile make procels until procefs be determined againlf the appellees.
Whereunto it was fiiid by all the juftices, that in that cafe they can give judgment on
the appellor; for when the appellor has appealed, he confe/Tes the felony; and this confef-
fion gives them power to attaint liim, and he is attainted in his perfon ; and it is in their
dilcretion, whether they will make procefs againfl: the appellees or not; and alfo it is in their
difcretion whether they will fuffer the appellor to make appeal or not. And it is a coi imon
courle in our circuit, it one commence his appeal, and it can be brought to the notice of the
jul^ices that the appeal is feigned and had for no other purpole than to prolong his li e^ lo
give judgment on the appellor ; tor the appeal is not given for the advantage of the
appellor, but for the advantage of the King. JTOl'tCfCllC : If an approver ap[)rove, he
fhall have no wages of the King until he has done his duty ; and when he has done his duty



4 Reports of the "Judgments^ etc.

n'aura afcun gage de roy tanque il ail fait fon devoir, ct quand il ad tait Ion devoir, et ad
acheve le battel, adonque il aura certaines gages dele Key chefcun jour ; et tout foit que un
approver voile conuftre fon Appel fals en le CoLU-t le Roy, uncore I'appelle fcra arraine lur
I'Appel. Mes ou un prover quand Tappelle eil: en le Champ prell; a dcrainer le battail
conuft fon Appel fals, en ceo cas I'Appele fera acquite. Goukeu: La caufe eft pur ceo que
ceo eft un vanquis de battail. [The opinions of the other Jufticeb tollov^.]



De Termino Michaelis^ Anno xxii. Hen. VI.

,-,g j^ Brief d'Annuitie fuit porte envers un perfon, et le plaintif fill: (on title pe prefcription,

le quel pria en aide dele patron et I'Ordinary. Pruces fuit hiit envers eux, qui firent detaut;

per quel fole traverfe le title de prefcription; que fuit trove pour le plaintit: le perfon di'vy;

un " fcire facias" fuit fue verz le fucceffor a aver execucion del dit annuity enleniblei.iciit

oue les arrerages : le quel pria en aide del jtatron et de I'Orduiary, et avoit. I'rocc;

continue, le patron fift defaut, et I'Ordinary joine al parfon, et difent que toutz le pren icr ;

Jurors furent inorts, et traverfent le title de prefcription. E le plaintif deniurra lur le pit,

entant que le title fuit travers avant cele temps, le quel trove fuit pour le plaintif ; et en an ■

que meme cele ilTue ne fera autre fois trie per entre parties, et prives purque agarde tuit que

le plaintif recouvra. Et ore en Bank le Roy mefnie le matiere eft aftigne pur error en brief

d'Error entant que femble que le perfon et I'Ordinary duiifent aver le pie. jTottCfCilC .

Tout foit que le defaut del patron et del Ordinary eft auxi fort come fi ufljnt apparus

et efte fait parties a le pie ; uncore entant que fuit furmis t|ue I'entiere Jury tuit mcrts,

ilfuit que le bref d'Attaint eux faile, il fenft)le que il fera reafon a fauxcer le recoverer en

mefme le point que fuit trie. Come en femblable cas, fi homme foit ieill de certaine tenV,

et ad iflue fitz et fa femme devy, et prend autre femme, et ont in"ue hlle et aliene le terre et

prend eftate a luy et a fa fenuue et a lour heire de lour ij corps engendre ; apres un accic.n

eft porte envers le baron et fi femme, ilfrnt que mclme le terre eft recouverte par accicn

trie, le baron et la femme devient; fi le fille porte " Furmedon " vivant le trere, et recouv.e

et mefme le recoverie eft plede en barre ele faulfera celle recoverie en mefme le pointe qi e



Online LibraryJohn FortescueThe works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) → online text (page 71 of 87)