John Fortescue.

The works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) online

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fuit trie: le caufe eft, ele ne poet aver " Attaint;" car " Attaint" eft donne a le heir general.

Mefme le Ley eft en Borough Englois, ou le filz puifne eft enherite : li le pere id iflue ij

fils, et un recovre tail vers le pere per accion trie, le pere devy, le filz puilne \ ivant Ion

frere eigne faulfera cele recoverie eit le point que tLiit trie: car ['"Attaint" eft lone a le

fils eigne, et neniy a luy. Yelverton : Per cele reafon jammcs doit recoverer per accion trie

prendre eftetfte : car per cele reafon ou un recoverie eft taile envers mon ariceftre per accion

trie peraventure c. ans paffe, et or tout le Jury eft mort, jeo fera receu a faulier cele



oj Sir 'John Forte/cue. 5

and has finiflied the battel, then he lliall have certain wages of the King each day; and
albeit that the approver be wilhng to admit in the King's Court that his appeal is talfe, (till
the appellee fhall be arraigned on tlie appeal. Bnt where an approver, when the appellee is
on the ground, ready to dereigii battel, admits his appeal to he talle, th.en the appellee fliall
be acquitted. Goukku : Idie i-cafon is, becaule it is [equivalent to] a conquell by battel.
[The opinions of the other Juitices follow.]

Aliclijclmas -Term, 12 Hen. VI. ,

A writ of Annuity was brought againlf a Parfon, and the plaintiff made his title by f. 28 b.
prefcription ; and he (the Parfon) pra\eil aid of the Pati'on and Ordinary. Procels was made
againll them ; and thev made default, and he alone traverled the title of prelcription ; which
was found for the plaintiff; and the J'arfon dying, a " Icire facias" was lued againit he luc-
ceffor to have execution for the laid annuity together with the arrears ; and he praye i aid of
the Patron and Ordinary, and had it. The procefs was continued ; the Patron made
default, and the Ordinary joined with the parfon, and they faid that all tlie tirll jurors were ^
dead, and they traverfed the title of prefcription. I'he plaintiff" demurred upon the plea, iiial-
much as the title was previoufly traverfed, and it was found for the plaintiff; and inafmuch
as that fame iffue fliall not be again tried between the parties and privies, therelore it was
awarded that the plaintiff" fliould recover. And now in the King's Bench the lame matter
is affigned for error, in a writ of Pa-ror, inafmuch as it ieems that tlie Parfon and Ordinary
ought to have the plea. jTOl'tCfCUC '. Albeit that the default of the Patron and Ordinary , '
is as ftrong as if they had appeared aiui been made parties to the plea ; (fill, malmuch as it
was furmifed that tl;e entire jury was dead, fo that the writ of Attaint tails them, it appears
that it will be right to falfify the recovery in the fame point that was tried. As in a fimilar
cafe, if a man be feized of certain lands, and has iffue a fon, and his wife dies; and he takes
another wife, and they have ilTue a daughter, and he alienates the land, and takes an elfate
to hinffelf and wife and to the heirs of their two bodies begotten; afterwards an adion is i
brought againll the man and his wife, fo that the fuiie land is recovered by adion tried, and
the luifliand and wife die ; if the daughter brings " b'ormedon " during her brother's litetiip.e, |
and recovers, and the fame recovery is pleaded in bar, (he fliall falfify that recovery in the
fame point that was tried : the reafon being, thatlhe cannot have " Attaint ;" for " Attaint" ,
is given to the heir general. The fame law holds in Borough tlnglifli, where the younger |
fon inherits ; if the father has iffue two fons, and a recovery is had againlf the father by . ^Hion
tried, and then the f"ather dies, the younger l"on, while his elder brother is living lliall I dfify
that recovery in the point that was tried ; tor the " Attaint" is good tor the elder (o: , but
not for him. Yelverton : According to that reai"oning, a recovery by action tried ought
never to take effeft ; for by that reafoning where a recovery ia had .igaind my ancell:or by
action tried, after the lapl"e of perhaps a hundred years, when all the jury are dead, I fliall be ^



\: :,o b.



6 Reports of tfie Jiulgz/iefUs^ etc.

recoverie en cele point que fuit trie; que n'eft Ley ne reafon. I^t auxy un Abbe ou un
parfon, patron et Ordinary fi font defaut apres apparance, ou fi le parfon prie en aide del
patron et Ordinary qui font defaut, le parfon poet pleder en droit, et poit rendre I'accion ou
perder per fa detaute et fon fuccelfor fans recovere. ]''.t niefme le Ley eft dun Abbe ; et
un recoverie per adion trie, ell: plus fort que un reddicion ou recoverie par defaute pur
que femble; \c. — Et puis turent adjournes, et le matter pende en continuance tanque al
Terme de l-'aiche, procheine enfuant, ike.



Be 'Termiiio Micliacli^y Anno xxii. Hen. VI.



Thomas Hunci;rford et E. fa femnie portent brief de tranfgrefTion envcs un Rob. de
ceo que il avait pris ove force un K. villein le dit E. al temps que le dit L. fuit fole, le
dit K. adonque efteant en le fervice le dit E., per vertu de quel le dit E. le fervice le dit K.
par grand temps ad perdu, fcavoir de tiel jour tanque al tiel jour. A que le defendant
dit, que le dit K. fuit frank et de frank ellat et nemy villein, preft. Et alii e contra. J'^.t
quant al perder de fon fervice il dit que le dit K. ne fuit unque retenu ove le dit E., pre \.
Et alii e contra. Proces continue envers les Jurours tanque a ore que rEnqucft tifit pn iT: de
pad'er, &c. [Here follow the opinions of Newton, Ashton, Marrham, and otlert.]
jTOttCfCUC t Moy femble que celt brief l^hiare Ncitivum et Jer-vienteni fuuin cepit, et ceft
hnti ^iare Nativum et fervientein /uun2 in fervitio juo exiftentem, font tout un : car il tit
enclude en ceo que il eft fon fervant, et que il eft en fon fervice, finon que auter matter foit
monltre. Et auxi le prefumption de fon brict n'eft auter mes quod Nativ.'ni i)i J'ei vic'o
jiio exijicntem ratione J'ervitiitis cepit, bSc." car fera entendu per fon brief que il ne perae
auter fervice que bondefervice. Car fervice par voie de reteiner ne poit eftre entendu : ,car
ime villein ne poit eftre retenu ove fon Seigneur: illint iemble que cele ilfue frank et detrimk
eltat fuit un parfite iffue, le quel eft bien trove en cele point : et iftlnt femble que le pleii(itif
recovera, il'c. Yelverton : Votre villein poit eftre retenu ove moy; per que lera adonques
entendu que il eft tout temps en voftre fervice, &;c. Newton : Voier il eft, il puit el|tre
retenu ove vous : mes ceo convient eftre monftre, ou autrement le Ley entende tout temps
que il eft en le fervice fon Seigniour, &c. Yelverton : Tout foit que le dit K. tuit trove
frank, uncore ceux ^■xxoXv. in jervitio Jiio exijlentem, conviennent eftre refpondus : car poit
eftoier ove cele verdit, que il fervit le plaintif de fon bon gre, et fans afcun reteintr; en quel
cas le plaintif ad caufe de recoverer damages, &c. JTOVtCfCUC & Newton : Si le cas tuit
tiel, que le dit K. fuit en le fervice le dit plaintif de bene ejfe, le defendant poit i.ionitrer le
t". 33. matter et abatre le brief; come en cas d'apprentice, fi le brief foit general, quare an tiel

Jervientem Jiitini cepit, le brief et abatable. Et auxi ceo eft le tort brief en le cas, fi le
brief foit porte qnare un tiel apprenticium Jitum in Jervitio fiio exijtenleni cepit, le pie elt



of Si?' fuhii Foriefciie. 7

received to falfify this recovery in that point that was tried ; which is neither law nor reafon.
And alfo if an abbat or a paribn, patron and ordinary, make default after appearance ; or
if the parfon pray aid of the patron and ordinary, who make dcfiult, the |) uion can plead
at once, and can give np the aftion or lofe by default; and his fiiccellbr is without recovery.
And the law is the fame with regard to an abbat ; and a recovery by ac*^tion tried is (trongcr
than a furrender or a recovery by default ; wherefore it feems, &:c. — And then they were ad-
journed, and the matter pends by continuance until Eafter Term next following, &:c.

i
Micliaelmas Term, 22 Hen. VI.

Thomas Hungerford and E. his Wife bring a writ of Trefpafs againll one IIobert, for
that he had taken with force one K., villein of the laid K., whilll the faid E. was fmgle, the
fame K. being then in the fervice of the faid E., by reafon of wliich the fame E. ha^ loft tor
long time the iervice of the faid K., viz., from fuch a day to fucli a day. Whereunto the
defendant fays that the fliid K. was a free man and of free eftate, and not a villein ; ready.
And the others fay the contrary. And as to lofs of fervice, he fays that the faid K. was
never retained by the faid E. ; ready. — And the others the contrary. — -Procefs continued
againft the jurors, until now that the inquefl was ready to pais, &c. [Here follow opinions
of Newton, Ashton, and others.] JFortCfCUC t It feems to me that this writ, " Why he
took her neyf and iervant," and this writ, " why he took her neyf and (ervant being in her
fervice" are all one ; for the llatement that he is her fervant is really a ftatemcnt that he is
in her fervice, except other matter be fhown. And alfo the prcfumption of his writ is
nothing elfe but " that he took her neyf being in her fervice by reafon of ferfdom," &c. ; for it
fliall be underftood by his writ that he lofes no other fervice than bondfervice. Fo- fervice
by way of retainer cannot be underftood ; for a villein cannot be retained by his Lord : la
it feems that this iffue " free and of free eftate " makes a perfcL^l ifTue, which is well found
in this point; and fo it feems that the plaintiff fliall recover, :>,:e. Yei.x'erton : Torn-
villein can be retained with me; why then fhall it be underftood that he is all the time in
your fervice ? &c. Newton: True it is that he can be retained by you : but that inuft
be fhown ; or otherwife the law underftands that all the time he is m the fervice of his Lord,
&c. Yelverton : Albeit that the fiid K. was found to be free; ftill thole words, "being
in her fervice," muft be anfwered ; for it can ftand with this verdirt, that he ferved the
plaintiff of his free will, and without any retainer; in which cafe the plaintiff has caule to
recover damages, &c. JFortCfCUC i^nd Newton : If the cafe were this, that the fid K.
was in the fervice of the faid I'laintift' de bene ejfe the defendant might Ibow the n.atter
and abate the writ ; as in the cafe of an apprentice, if the writ be general, thus " Why he
took fuch an one his fervant," the writ is abatable. Alfo this is the ftrong writ m the cale ;
if the writ be brought in thefe words, " Why he took fuch an one his apprentice, being in his
fervice," it is a good plea to fay that he was not his apprentice, v/ithout more ; t(jr tlie other



f. 30 h.



8' Reports of the yudgjnents, etc.

bon, a dire que il ne fuit fon apprentice fans pkis ; car les autres parolx iie font forfque
parolx perfuants, et uncore un apprentice poet departir hors de fon fervice, ct eftre retenu
ove moy ; nies nous ?i'cntcndons cele finon que foit monftre. [Other opinions follow.]
Danvers: Si jeo done a un home un acre de terrc pur moy fervir (|uand jco luy appele
en fon fervice, s'il (oit pris per im autre encontre fa volunte, jeo aiirai accion lur le Sratut. —
Newton, et Tout le Court: Ceo n'eft ilfuit : mes en vollre das voiis eftes mis a voftre
diftreffe ; car ceo ell: un tenure. JTOl'tCfCUC \ Que' eftat donnes luy en le terre ? Dakvers :
Sir, a tenir a ma volunte. jTOVtCfCllCt Uncore accion iur le Statut de laborers vous
n'aures. — Et puis T. T. le plaintif releflerent les damages pur le perte de fa lervice, et prient
lour Jugement pur le remainder, faver damage pur le prifel de lour villein. Et avoient folonque
ceo que rEnqueil; avoit taxe.

De '■Tcnnijio Pafchc, Anno xxii. Hen. VI. ;

f 51 lj. JFOrtCfCUC Chief Jiiitice de Bank le Roy demanda un queftion en le Comon Place quel

fuit tiel. Un enfant deins age ad arraye un Allife devant moy icy en Middlefex et .e
defendant ad plede en barre im releas ove grarantie fon anceltre per fin ; le quel ore rAlTi e
fera pris d'enquerer de circunftance, et de toutz chofes qui poient voider le fin ; <ju q le I
fera arfte de refpondre a cele article tantum. A que fuit dit per Touts les JulHces qua
r.V(fii"e en ceo cas ne fera pris a large d'enquerer de lacircunilance ; le cauie elT:, pur ceo qua
il eft un matter de record, et a ceo a force i! covient I'enfant refpondre; et ou il fera mis a
refpondre I'Aifife ne fera pris a large. Comme fi un recoverie foit plede en barre envers luy,
il covient a cele refpondre, &:c.

Tie Termino Hillarii. Anno xxvii. IIem. VI.

f. 7 b. En I'Elcheker Chamber jTOUtCfCUC demanda ceft matter. Un fuit arraine devant eux

fur enditement de felony, il conuft le felony, et difoit que il fuit Clerk, et il lie come Cler'<. ;
et fuit delivre al Ordmary : et apres il fuit pris pur fufpedlion d'auter felony, et ameihe
devant eux : et tout ceft matter devant fuit monilre a la Court come devant eft dit : et
demande fuit de luy per le Court lequel il fuit mefnie le perfon ou nemy ; et il conifoit
que il fuit mefme le perlon : lin- que le Roy pria proces envers I'Ordinary, I'cavoir I'Abbe de
Weilmonaflere de relponder purque ww elchape ne feroit ajuge envers luy, de ceo que il ift
hors de fon garde ; et in rei veritate il avoit fiit fa purgacion, et ew. — Et fuic tenu cler per
Touts les Juftices que I'ou un eft atteint de felony per fi confeifion demelne, ou ut'agary, ou
abjure le terre devant !e Coroner, ou approwe, et apres foy prend &:c. a fa clei 'j;y, et eft
delivre a I'Ordinary, que il ne fera jamais la purgacion ; et fi il foit delivre per fi [ urgacion,
il lera adjuge un eichape. — [Opinions delivered by Fulthorpe and Markham.] —
jFortCfCllC I Moy femble que fur un matter en noncertein ne iffera Scire facias ; come
pur taire un fine ceo eft en noncertein : mes Scire facias covient iiTer i'ur matter de record.



.i ,;. .



of Sir yohn Fortefciie. 9

words are only words to the fame effeft ; and ftill an apprentice can depart out of his fervice
and l)c retained with me ; but we do not underhand tliat uniels it be Hiown. [Other
opinions follow.] Danvkrs : If I give a man an acre of land to ferve nie when I call him
inti) fervice, if he be takeri by another againll his will, I fliall have adion on the Statute.
Newi'on (and all the Court) : Not fo : but in your cafe you are put to your diftrefs ; for it
is a tenure. JfOl'tCfClU'* What ei1:ate do you give him in the land? Danvers : Sir, to
hold at my will. JTOl'tCfCllC ; Still an action on the ilatute of labourers you fliall not;
have. And tlien T. the plaintiff's releafed the damages for tlie lots of his fervice, and
prayed judgment tor the remainder of the damages tor the taking of their villein. And
they had them according to the taxation of the Inqueff.

Rafter Term, 22 Hen. VI.

jTortCfCUC) Chief Juftice of the King's Bench, afked a cjueftion in the Common Place, as f. 51 b.
follows : — An infant within age has arrayed an Affize before me here, in Middlefex, and the
defendant has pleaded in bar a releafe with warranty ot his ancellor by fine; whether, then, '

the Aifizc fhall be taken to inijuire into the circumftances, and of all things which can make
void the fine ; or whether tlicy (the AiTrze) fliall be forced to anlwer to this article only.
Whereunto all the juftices faid that the Affize in this cafe fhall not be taken at large to inquire
into the circumftance ; the reafon being, becaufe it is a matter of record, and to this perforce
the infant mulT: anfwer ; and where he fliall be fet to anfwer, the Ailize (liall not be taken ,

at large. As if a recovery be pleaded in bar againil: hiin, he niuft anfwer thereto, 6ec.

Hilary T'erni, 27 Hen. VI.

In the Exchequer Chamber JTOttCfCUC put a queflion in this matter. One was arraigned f. 7 b.
before them upon an indidlment tor felony ; he acknowledged the felony, and faid he was a j
clerk ; and he read as a clerk ; and he was delivered to the Ordinary ; and afterwards he
was taken on fuipicion of another felony, and brought before them ; and all the previous '
matter was fliown to the Court as is aforefaid; and he was afked by the Court whether he
was the fame perfon or not ; and he acknowledged that he was the fame perfon ; whereupon
the King prayed procefs on the Ordinary, viz., the Abbat of Wef^miniler, to anfwer why
an Efeape Ihould not be adjudged againfl him, in that he is out of his ward. And the
truth of the matter was, that lie had made his purgation ; and it was had. And it was
held to be clear by all the Julfices that, in a cafe where one is attainted of felony by his own
confeffion, or by outlawry, or abjuring the realm before the coroner, or approves, and a tf^r-
wards take himfelf &:c. to his clergy, and is delivered to the Ordinary, he (liall never make
his purgation; and if he be fet tVee on account of his purgation, it fliall be adjudged an
Efeape. [Opinions delivered by i'"ui.THORPE and Markham.J JfortCfCllC : It feems to
me, that in a matter in uncertainty, a " fcire facias" fhall not iflue ; as to make a fine that is in

11. c



.■)ni



lo Reports of the yudgme^its^ etc.

et certein s'il ne foit en la Chancery : car la ils ne avoient fur matter de record ne fug-
geftion auter proces forfijue " Scire facias." Come un heir moiillre, que fa mere ad plus
dendower que el ne devoit aver ; et fur ceo pria " Scire facias," il avera. Mes fur fuggetion eii
auters lieux il n'aura forfque Scire facias et Diftrefle : ilfint icy a ma conceit que '^m cell ne
iflera " Scire facias," mes plurtoft DiftrelTe, come ad efte dit fur un prefentment.



De Termino llillarii, A", regni regis Hhn. VI. xxviii".

f. 5 b. Deux executors portent brief de Dette vers un autre, retorne a certeine jour : a quel

jour le Viconte retourne le breif que ie defendant n'ad rien. Kt cele jour un des plaintifs
fill: detaut et ne vouloit fuer. Le quellion fuit coment ferra le proces fue envers le defendant.
A que fuift dit, que un brief " ad fequendum fimul" iflera vers luy, et ui " capias" vers le
defendant en lour ambideux nomz. Moile : Oue ferra fait, fi a le prochein jour Kr Viconte
retourne que le pleintif n'ad rien dont il poet eftre fomons : et auxi que le pleintif n'.ft rove, '
et cefluy defendant fait autre foits defaut .^ JFOttCfCUC .' L'autre plaintif fuera fc mons
" ficut alias" vers fon compagnon, et "capias alias" en lour ambideux nomz vers le
defendant, et ifllnt tanque il foit utlage. ' Come fi " Praecipe quod reddat" de t^rr' foit
porte par ij, et I'un ne voet fuer, et le tenant fait defaut, auter avera fomons " ac. fe([uen-
dum fimul," S^c. " Grand Cape" en lour ambideux noms, et fi a cele jour ils ne voloient
apperer, l'autre demandant recovera le moite de la terre ; ifiint il covient fuer le proces en
cell: cas a ma conceit : mes nous voillomus avifer de cell matter, &c.



De Terniino Pafcluc. A", xxviii. Hen. VI.

I
f 6. Brief de Maintenance fuit porte par Doreward envers J. D. et W. C. de un maintenance

fait par eux le Lundy prochein apres le I'elle de Saint John I'an le Roy, &c., a tiel lieui &c.,
en un " Ouare impedit" porte par le dit D. envers Ingow de Communi Banco pur le party le
dit Ingow envers D. avandit ; fur que vient Littleton pur les defendants, et monllra'come
un comidion illill a I'Ordiiiary de mefme le lieu ou I'Eglife fuit, long temps devant le mainte-
nance fuppofe, a enquerer de jure Paironatus, par vertu de quele commiflion les defendans
furent conllreines par le Ley de Seint Eglife eilre jurez d'enquerer " de jure Patronatus" de
I'Eglife avandit le Lundy prochein avant le Felle de Saint Johan a mefme le \\z\i, par vertu
de quel commifTion avandit et mefme le jour ils entre autres furent jures, et t'overent pur
le dit Ingow a mefme le jour que le droit fuift a luy, et nient a Doreward, fans ceo que ils
furent culpable d'afcun maintenance, et puis cele jour. Prell, is:z. Et alii culpable puis,
en le maner, &c. Preft. Et ce fuifi; trove pur Doreward. Et V' am page pria Jugment
pur le pleintif. [Littleton's argument follows.] jTOCtCfCUC : Ln voflre darrein cas ceo






. . .' 1



of Sir John Furtcfcue. 1 1

uncertainty : but a " Scire facias" ought to ifTue [only J on a matter of record and certain, unlefs
it be in Chancery ; tor there they have, [whetlier] on matter of record or fuggeftion, no other
procefs except the " Scire facias." As if an heir fhows that his mother has more for her dower
than file ought to have, and thereon pray a " Scire facias," he fliall have it. But on fugges-
tion in other places, he fliall only have " Scire facias" and diftrefs. So here, in my opinion, a
"Scire facias" fhall not ilTue, but rather diltrefs, as has been faid regarding a prefentment.

Hilary -Term, 28 Hen. VI.
Two executors bring a writ of" Debt" againil another, returnable on a certam day; on f 5 b.
which day the fherifF returns the writ, faying that the defendant has nothing. And on that
day one of the plaintiffs made default, and would not fue. The quellion was how to make
procefs againft the defendant. To which it was faid that a writ " ad fequendum fim il" fhall
iflue againfthim, and a " Capias" againlT; the defendant in both their names. MoiLt : What
fhall be done if on the next day the fherifF returns tliat the plaintiff has nothing by which
he can be fummoned ; and alio that the plaintiff is not found, and if the defendant again 1
makes default? JFOttCfCUCt 1 he other plaintiff (liall fue a fummons of " ficut alias"
againft his companion, and a " Capias alias" in both their names againil the defendant, and
fo on until he be outlawed. As if a " Pra-cipe quod reddat" for land be brought by two,
and one will not fue, and the tenant makes default, the other fliall have a fummons " ad
fequendum iiniul," &c., and the great "Cape" in both their names ; and if on that day
they will not appear, the other demandant fliall recover the moiety of the land ; and thus the
procefs muft be fued in this cafe, as I think ; but we will advife of this matter, &:c.

Eajler Term, 28 Hen. VI.
A writ of " Maintenance" was brought by Dorevvard againft J. D. and W. C, for a main- f- b.
tenance made by them on Monday next after the Feafl of St. John, in the year of the King
&c. in fuch a place &c. in a " Ouare impedit" brought by the faid U. againft Ingovv of the |
Common Bench, on behalf of the faid Ingovv againll D. aforefiiid ; whereupon came Littleton
for the defendants, and Ifiowed how a commiffion iffued to the Ordinary of the fame place I
where the church was, long before the maintenance fuppofed, to inquire " of the right ot
the patronage;" by virtue of which commillion the defendants were conftraiiied by the law '
of holy Church to be fworn to inquire concerning the right of the patronage of the c lurch !
aforefaid, the Monday next before the Feaft of St. John at the fame place; by virtie of ^
which commiffion aforefaid, and on the fame day, they among others were fworn, and they
found for the faid Ingovv on the fame day that the right was his, and not Doreward's; with-
out this, that they were guilty of any maintenance [then or] fince that day : ready <kc.
And the others lay guilty, fmce, in die manner, &c. : ready. And it was found for Dore-
ward. And Vampage prayed judgment for the plaintiff. [Littleton's argument follows.] ;



1 2 Reports of the "Jinlgnients^ etc.

eft hon caufe dc jiiftification d'un Juror de ceo pledcr en barre, ou conveicr un " fans ceo"
fur tici matter^ ct un Ic cas on nous fumus a ore ; ct illint nic fcmhlc I'iHuc bicti joync. \\X
fi un homme foit a la barre, et dit eit pur le defendant uu plaintif a la Court que le dit
home conut Ic verite del' iflue, et pria que il poit etre examine par le Court pur dire la v^erite
a la J ury, et le Court luy demanda pur dire le verite, et il a la requeft de la Court dit ceo que
il foit en matter, il ell maintenance juftifiable : mes s'il ui1: venu a la barre de fon tefl: demefnc,
et dit pur I'un ou pur I'autre, il ell; maintenance, et il fera punifhe pur ceo. Et fi les Jurors
veignent a mi home ou il dennn-re en le Pais pur aver le conufance de la verite del matter,
et il eux enforme, il elT: juilifiable : mes fi vient a les Jurors ou laboure pur eux enformer de
la verite, il ell: maintenance, et fera puny pur ceo come jTOttCfCUC diibit. Et ceo fuit admitte
par le Court, &:c.

Nota que fuit dit per JfOCtCfCUC et fes Compagnons, fi un fait foit pK de en barre en
afcun aiflion d'un acre de terre, ou de plus, ceftuy que elt party ou prive dira affes bien
" nient compris" ou " rien palla" &c., " nient fon fait:" mes celuy que eft eftrange ne



Online LibraryJohn FortescueThe works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) → online text (page 72 of 87)