John Fortescue.

The works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) online

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dirra " nient compris," mes folement que il " nc enfeofFa pas par fon fait." Et ilfmt tuit i ule
en un Replegiari in Banco Regis. Et fuitl dit en mefme le pie par JFOVtCtCllC, que home fur
grant des fervices fait a luy par attornement del tenant fans afcun paiment, s'il diftraine et
refcous foit fait a luy, que il avera aflife en mefme le maner d'un retorne, et il ad retorne (n-nti: ?)
et il ad diftreint fans autre feifon il avera Allife. {J^i^ere de hoc, quia credo quod male, is't .)



De Tcrm'ino Trinitatis, A", xxviij. Hkn. V^I.

Un Cleir fuill un brief de Dette fur un obligation vers T. T. dit que i'obligatii: n fuit
endoffe ove tiel condition, que fi le plaintif et il eiloient a I'arbitrement et agard de un J. et
C, arbitrours par eux indifferent efleus Juper jure titulo et pojfcjfione ceterarum terr,yu>n
tenementorum en Saint Albons, adonque fobligation perdroit fa force ; et dit en fait, que
tiel jour an et lieu en Londres ils arbitrerent en tiel forme, &c., que il ad partourme; juge-
ment fi accion. A que le plaintif difoit, que bien et veritie eft, que ils eux mirent en garde
come devant ; mes il dit que en autcr lieu en auter Counte mefme le jour et an, et delvant
le temps de le dit agard agarderent en le maner come ils dient ; et ouflre ils agarderent [fi]
nous tmdrons tant de terre en le dit ville de quel nous fuilTomus adonques feifis, et tenons a
volunte de I'Abbe de Saint Albons a nous et a noilre heir par vierge folonque le cullome de
la dit ville, dont le dit Abbe eft feifi, fans afcun interuption de luy, fes heir, ou -le alcun en
fon nom, ou par afcun excitation ou procuration fait par luy de nous oufter, adunque I'obli-
gation perdroit fa force ; et diomus en fait, que il excita le dit Abbe, pur ceo que le dit
terre fuit tenu de luy folonque le dit cuftome a volunte, de nous oufter, par torce de quel li
nous oufta par fon excitacion ; fans ceo que ils arbitrerent come il ad dit ; le quel matter,
&c. A que le dit T. difoit, que a le dit lieu jour et an, fcavoir en le heure de vj maunger



of Sir yoJin Fortejcue. \ 3

•jTOttCfCUCt In your lafl: cafe (Vami'age put the cafe of a juror finding for him againft
jFortCfCllC) it is a good caufe of jurtification of a juror to plead it in bar, or convey a " without
this" on luch matters ; and [alfo] in the cafe in which we now are ; and fo I think the iffue well
joined. And if a man be at the bar, and it be faid for the defendant or plaintiff to the Court,
that the faid man knows the truth of the ilTue, and it be prayed that he may be examined by
the Court to tell the truth to the jurors, and the Court afk him to fpeak the truth, and he, at
the requeft of the Court, fay what he knows in the matter, it is juftifiable maintenance; but
if he had come to the bar of his own will, and had fpoken for one or the other, it is mainten-,
ance, and he fhall be puniOied for it. And if the jurors come to a man where he lives, in the
country, in order to afcertain the truth of the matter, and he informs them, it is jui^ifiable ;
but if he comes to the jurors, or labours to inform them of the truth, it is maintenance, and
he fhall be punifhed for it, as jTOttCfCUC faid. And this was admitted by the Court, 'fee.

Note, that it was faid by JFoi'tCfCllC and his aflbciates, if a deeil be pleaded in oar in
any adfion for an acre of land or more, he who is party or privy fhall rightly fay " not com-
prifed " or "nothing pafled " or " not his deed;" but he who is a flranger fhall not fay
" not comprifed," but only that he " did not enfeoff" by his deed." And fo it was ruled in '

a Replevin in the King's Bench. And it was faid in the fame plea by JToVtCfCUC, that if a
man have a grant of fervices made to him, and then upon attornment of the tenant, without
any payment, dilfrain, and relcue be made from him, he fliall have an allize in the fame
manner as a return, and [if] he has a rent and has diflrained without any other feifin he
fhall have an alfize. {^i^i.tre this, for I believe that it is wrong). 1

Trimty Term, 1% Hen. VI.

One Cleir fued a writ of "Debt'" on a bond againft T. T. faid that the bond was endorfed , ,.,
...... 10. 13.

with fuch condition, that if the plaintif^^" and he ftood by the arbitration and award of J. and j

C, arbitrators by them indifferently eleded, " upon the right title and pofTelfion of cer-
tain lands and tenements " in St. Alban's, then the obligation fhould lofe its force ; and he 1
fays in facT:, that on fuch a day, year, and place in London, they awarded in the form
following, &c. ; which he has performed. Judgment whether artion, &c. To which the '
plaintiff faid, that it is very true that they fubmitted to arbitration as afoiefaid ; but he fay^, '

that in another place, in another county, on the fame day and year, and before the time of
the faid award, they awarded in manner as they fay; and moreover they awarded that if we
fhould hold fo much land in the faid town of which we were then feifed and held at the vill '

of the Abbat of Saint Alban's to us and our heirs by the rod according to the cufTioin of
the faid town, of which the faid Abbat is feifed, without any interruption bv him, his heirs,
or by any in his name, or by any excitation or procuration made [)y lilm to oull us, then
the bond fhould lofe its force. And we fay in fad, that he excited the faid Abbat,



•■•■,!}
't i.iii;



■Yvn









1 4 Reports of the yudvments^ etc.

ils agarderent come nous avons dit ; fans ceo que ils firent afcun agard devant cele heure ;
le quel matter, &c. A tiel replication fait par le maner nul Ley nous mette a refponder,
<^'t. jFortCfCUC Ore eft a voir fi celle replicacion encontre le barre bit bon ou nemy. lit
a le primes moy femble que quand ils fe niirent en gard Juper jure titulo et poffeffione,
fera entendii que title droit ct pofTeHion parenter eux font mis en agard et nient le pofTef-
l1on ne droit deltranger ; car mettonsque ils uflent agarde (]ue i! ne feroit de le confcl I'Abbe
en fon maner' de la dit terre, s'il fi.iit home apris de luv,' n'crt pas le agard voide ? Jeo di
que fi. IlTuit icy, quand I'Abbe lay oufta par droit que il avoit, mefque il kiy emorma de
fon droit, et I'Abbe luy ouftra, il fera entendu le fait I'Abbe, et de cele droit et poifeiriun ils
ne avoient afcun power de faire agard : et iffint I'agard quant a cele point eft void, lit fi
le replication loit bon, donque le pie en dillrudtion n'eft pas bon : car il n'elt pas dedit de
eux mes ils firent agard devant le temps de lour agard: car le trefpas deva it heure n'eft
pas bien : car poit eftre enfemble que I'un agard et I'autre furent faits un mi fme heure, et
I'un devant I'autre : et iftlnt le travers nient bon. Et pur ceo le pie ne vault, &:c.



De Tennhw Michaelis, A", xxx. Hen. VI.

f. 2. Nota que fuit dit per jTOCtCfCUC que fi j'ay a nom VV. D. et jeo porte un brief euves

un autre par le nom de J. D. et le defendant admet mon nom, et jeo recover par ceft ion. ;
en apres fi jeo voile porter autre aiftion vers un eftranger par mon droit nom, ceft-alTavoir
W. D., et il voile pleder ceft matter par le primer brief envers moy a moy eftopper, jto re
ferai eftoppe per cele : car fi jeo fera eftoppe donque jeo n'avera unque bon aftion ve s
eftranger. Car fi jeo voile porter aftion par le nom J. D., il diroit que mon nom eft \V. 1 '.
et nient J. D. come le brief eft, et ilTrnt abatera mon briet ; et pur ceo cefty que eft eftranger
a la primer adion n'aura ceft pie per voy deftoppel envers moy, mes celuy que eft piirty
aura aftes bien le pie, et nient un eftranger. (Oua.'re de ceft matter : car jeo fcay bien que
en plufors autres cafes celuy qui eft eftranger aura avantage envers celuy que eft prive, co'me
s'il folt trove baftard, ou certifie, &c.)

De Ter»!i)w Hiliarii, A°. xxx. Hen. VI.

f. 2 b. Un fuit endite come acceftxDrie a 4 homes par ceux paroles J. C.Jciens ipjos iv homines

felomam pradiBam fecijfe apud D. felomce reccptavit. JfOttCfCUC : Ceft endit..-ment n'eft
pas bon envers celuy qui eft accefiarie : car il ne appiert quel de eux il avoit receu ; donque il
eft en non certeine, car poit eftre dit, s'il accepte afcun de eux il eft felonie. Jeo grante bien,



' 1 prcfumt a miftaUe for ■■ .dcun maniT."

'■ I prufume thib to be u iniftukc for ■' appcrt," or " apprciitis," or " upris dc ley."



oj Sir yohfi Fortefcite. 1 5

becaufe the faid land was held of him according to the faid curtoni, at will, to oufi: us ; by
force of which, he oufted us by his excitation ; without this that they arbitrated as he has
laid ; which matter, &:c. To which the faid T. faid, that on the faid day, place, and
year, namely, at the hour of fix, they awardei-l us we have laid ; without this that they
made any award before that hour, which matter, &c. To fucli replication made m this
way no law fets us to anfwer, &c. jTOttCfCUC t Now we mull: fee whether this replication
againft the bar be good or not. And liril, it feems to me that, when they fubmitted them-
felves to arbitration, " on the right title and ponellion," it mull: be untierftood that the title
right and pofTeirion as between them are fubmitted to arbitration, and not the poflelfion or
right of a Itranger. For let us fuppofe that they had awarded that he Hiould not be of
counfel for the Abbat in any manner concerning that land; it he were one learned in the
law, is not the award void ? J fay it is. So here; when the Abbat oullcd him ly the
right that he had, although he informed him of his right, and the Abbat oufted him, t lliall
be underftood as the aft of the Abbat ; and concerning that right and poflenion they had no
power to make an award ; and fo the award on that pomt is void. And it the replication
be good, then the plea in deltruftion thereof is not good ; for it is not denied ot them, but
they made award before the time of their award ; for the trefpafs before the hour is not well :
for it may well be that both awards v^ere made at the fame hour, and yet that one was made
before the other ; and fo the traverfe is not good. And therefore the plea is worthlefs, ^c.

MicJuielmas Term, 30 Hen. VI. "

Note, that it was faid by jTOttCfCUC that if I be named VV. D., and I bring a writ f. 2.
againft: another by the name of J. 1)., and the defendant atlmit my name, and 1 rccuv'er by
this name; afterwards if I wifb to bring another aftion againft a ftranger by my right name,
namely W. D., and he wifhes to plead this matter (in the firft writ) againft me to eftop me,
I fliall not be eftopped thereby : for if I fliould be eftopped, then I fliould never have a
good action againft a ftranger. For if 1 would bring an aClion by the name ot j. D., he j
would fay that my name is W. I)., and not J. D. as the writ fays, and fo would abate my
writ; and therefore he who is a ftranger to the firft aftion iTiall not have this plea by way of .
eftoppel againft me ; he who is a party may plead it well enough, but not a ftranger.
{^{cere of this matter : for I know well that in many other cafes a ftranger ftiall have an
advantage againft him who is privy : as if he be found baftard, or be certified &tc.) I

Hilary Term, 30 Hen. VI.
One was indifted as accelTory to four men, by thefe words. " J. C, knowing the fo j b.
aforefaid four men to have committed the faid felony at D. felonioufly did receive."
jTOttCfCUC: This indiftment is not good as againft him who is acceftbry ; tor it does not
appear which of them he had received; fo it is in uncertainty ; lor it may be laid that it he .



"I'Mi



1 6 Repoj'ts of the 'Jiidgjue^its^ etc.

mes jeo voile fcaver quel fiiit I'etitent des enditors ; de luy aver endite come accefTarie a
touts, ou a deux, ou a un ; il ell en noncertein : car paraventure lour entent poit aver efte de
luy enditer torfque come acccfiarie a un, et paraventure a un eftranger, le quel n'ufl: elte bon ;
et pur ceo renditeinent voile aver efte, eos apud Date felonice reiCptuvit. Vx pur ceo I'endite-
ment n'eft pas bon envers luy. Et iffint fuit I'opinion de touts.

V.n href " d'Error" porte envers celuy qui fuit party, un " Scire facias" iilift envers celuy
qui tuit party, et un autre envers cefly qui eft tenant, retornable a certain jour. A quel
jour les parties appererent, et le plaintif afligna fes errors. Le tenant allegea jointenancy
ove un auter. Et Ic plaintit pria que ils alerenf a I'exainination des errors. Vx dite fuit par
le tenant que ce feroit inconvenient devant que le pie le tenant foit trie : car poit eftrc que
ceux qui font tenants purront luy barrer de la tenancy, et pur ceo de procet er a les exami-
nations des errors devant que le brief foit bon envers le tenant, feroit inconvenient, &c.
JFOttCfCllC : Moy fcmble le contrary : car nul poit pleder en barre a I'adtion forfque ce'uy
que eft partie en ion brief, ou fon heir : car nul que eft eftrange poit pleder releas envers
luy ne I'hcir aura Ion age en ceft atlion ; et n'eft pas inconvenient mefque alamus a I'txaini-
nation des errors ; et s'il y ad error, le tenant ne poit rien dire pur faver le tenancy, il jni ue
le Jugement fera reverfe, et le plaintif reftore. Et Sire, fi le plaintif en ceft action n'l ft lie
forique un " Scire facias" envers le partie, et nient envers le tenant, le Juftices duiftei.t aler
a I'examination des Errors entre eux. Et fi les Juftices purront entendre que il y ad error,
donque il poit prier " Scire facias" vers le tenant, s'il fcait rien dire purque il ne fera refto'c.
Purque, &c.



De Termi>io Michaelis, A", xxxi. Hen. VL '

i
f. 8 b. En un brief de Maintenance, porte per Clement Tailour vers Jeretrude, et autres ti'ois.

Les autres plederent de rien culpables, etc. Et Jeretrude monilra coment cefty que il

fuppofe que il doit aver maintaine fuit fon fervant, et monftre coment il tuit rerenu par un

an : et il pria et retenut un Moilh apprentice de Ley eftre a confel ove fon fervant, perforce

de quel il fuit a confel ove luy en I'aiflion porte per le dit C. envers le dit fervant, le quel

eft mefme le maintenance, &c. Jugement, fi adtion, &c. D.A.NBy : A ceo d omus nous

que le dit Jeretrude delivra a T. T. etj. D. x livres, de fes deniers propres a dift.ibuer entre

les homes de la Countie ou le primer ac'lion tuit porte, folonque lour difcrecion pur eyder

le dit fervant, le quel matter, &c. et de quel il ad conceu ceft adion. Moci.e : 11 ne delivra

pas. Preft, &c., Et trouve tuit les iij de rien culpables, c\:c., et Tauter pie encounter Jeretrude :

fur que C. avoit Jugement de recovcrie. Et fur ceft matter J. luit un briet de Error in

Bank le roy, et aftigna pur error, entant que les iij plederent de rien culpables, et le iv



of Sir "Jolui Fortefciic. 17

receive any of them it is felony. I grant it ; but I wifli to know what was the intent of the
indiiftors; to liave him indided as acceflory to all, or to two, or to one ? it is in uncertainty :
for perhaps their meaning may have been to indi6t him only as acceflbry to one, and perhaps
to a itranger, which would not have been good ; and therefore, the indictment ihould have
been, " He feloniouHy received them at Dale." And, therefore, in my opinion, the inili6t-
ment is not good againll: him. And this was the opinion of all.

In a writ ot "Error" brought againft one who was party, a "Scire facias" idued
againft him who was party, and another againft him who was tenant, returnable on a certain
day. On which day the parties appeared, and the plaintiff adigned his errors. The tenant
alleged joint-tenancy with another. 'yVnd the plaintiff prayed that they fl^0Ldd go to the .
examination of the errors. And it was faid by the tenant, that that would be incon^ enient,
before that the plea of the tenant was tried \ for it might happen that thofe who were tenants
would be able to bar him of the tenancy ; and therefore to proceed to the examination of
the errors, before the writ be [held] good againft the tenant, would be inconvenient, &c.
jTOttCfCUC : I ;ini of a contrary opinion ; for none can plead in bar to the adion except
one who is a party in his writ, or his heir ; for no one who is a Itranger can plead a releafe
againft him, nor fliall the heir have his age in this attiun ; and there is no inconvenience,
although we proceed to the examination of the errors ; and if there be error, the tenant can
fay nothing to fave the tenancy ; then the judgment fliall be reverfed, and the plaintiff
reftored. And if the plaintiff in this aftion had only fued a " Scire facias " againft the party, ^
and not againft the tenant, the Juftices would proceed to the examination ot the errors
between them. And if the Juftices fliall determine that there is error, then he can pray a
"Scire facias" againft the tenant, to afccrtain if he can fay anything why he fliall not be
reftored. Wherefore, &c.

hUch.aelmas Term, 31 Hen. VI.

In a writ of " Maintenance," brought by Clement Tailour againft Jeretrude and three f. I
others, the others pleaded Not guilty, &c. And Jeretrude fliowed that the one whom he
(the plaintiff") fuppofed that flie had maintained, was her fervant, and how that he was I
retained for one year : and ftie prayed and retained one Moyi.e, apprentice in the law, to
be of counfel for her fervant, by reafon whereof he was of coimfel tor her in the action
brought by the faid C. againft the faid fervant ; which is the fime maintenance, Cv'c. '
Judgment whether acftion, &c. Dani'.v : To this we tell you that the faid Jeret ude
delivered to T. T. and J. D. lo/. of her own money, to be diifributed at their difcn tion
amongft the men of the county where the firft aCtion was brought, and for the purpole of
aiding the faid fervant ; wliich matter Cv:c. ; and whereupon he has founded this adion.
Movle: She did not deliver: ready &c. And the three were found Not guilty ; and the
other plea went againft Jeretrude ; on which C. had judgment of recovery. And in relpeCl
11. d



1 8 Repoi'ts of the yudgfne?its^ etc.

juftifia, et le plaintiff replia un matter que fuit un fpecial maintenance en le perfon le dit J.
le quel ne fuit maintenance en les iij, et iHint fevcral maintenance : fur queux il doit aver fui
feveral anions : et entant que le Court tie abatill; le brief, ils errerent. [After the arguments
of PoLi;, MovLi;, and others,] JfOttCfCUC : Celt: ai5tion quant a cele point ell bon ; car
come ad eile dit, en brief de " Decies tantum " jeo aurai envers pjufors un brief, et envers
les embraceors enlemble tout en un adlion. Et illint jeo averai un " Praemunire facias "
envers les procuratorSj notaries, concellors, et les principals enfemble. lit iffuU jeo auray
briet de " Champarty " envers plufors, et jeo counterai envers un c[ue il elt preft pur
maintener le querele pur aver un acre de terre de ceo que tuit en demande : le fecond un
auter acre : le tiers pur aver les damages recoveres en mefme Tadion ; et uncore I'aftion eft
bon ; le caufe eft, pur ceo que ceux actions lont pris pur un ac't que eft entier a la party
greve, et les damages et grevances a la party fur le barre ove le recovere ei un en ceo, et
ceux font pris accordant a le Statut. Et ft plufors font ove le plaintit a la 1 arre en propre
perfon, le prefence I'un n'elt le prefence Tauter, uncore jeo aurai un brief de " Maintenance."
Et iftint eft le cas de " Ouare impedit " avant dit un bon cas. Et iftint elT: iur " Atta 'h-
ment Iur un prohibition " envers le officer, le procurator, et le plaintif; et uncore le lait
I'un n'eft le tait Tauter ; nee e contra, &c. et uncore Tadlion envers eux jointment eft b(.n,
pur ceo que le vexation envers le party eft un que le fuit eft ; et pur ceo le action fuii bi n.
Et uncore, come ad efte dit, il eft mil departer ; car poit eftre dit que il ne dona les d.-ni rs
per lour procurement : et le cas icy eft le meliour, pur ceo que ils font trove de rien
culpable. Et iftint quant a ceT ils firent bon Jugement, ike. Moile : Uncore ils errerent
en un auter point ; ceft affavoir entant come en le replication il dit que le dit Jeretru ie
Iradidit et deliberavit de denariis Juis prupriis qitibujdam T. II. et J. D. x libyi,i .id
dijlrihuendiuii inter homines infra coiiiitatuni pr.cdictuni tunc et ibidem rejidentes Jecu.idum
difcretionem eorum, ad manutenendiim et Jujlentandum querelam praditlam pro parte
faniiili pr.editli, que eft noncertein ; car a ma conceit il poit bien donner fes deniers pur
eftre diftribues enter les homes appris de Ley pur eftre ove luy. Et par fon replicatiom il
ne monftre le contrary : et iiTmt le replication eft en noncertain en maner : car il n'appert
Tun ne Tauter. Et auxi il n'ad pas allege que ils diftnbuerent les deniers enter afciins
homes : iftuit nul matter de maintenance appert en le replication. Purque, &c. jTOl'tCfCUC ',
II eft a voir le quel le maiftre pourroit doner deniers a le confel fon iervant, foit loyal ou
nemy ; et Sire, jeo di que non : car home ne poit plus taire pur fon Iervant en tiel cas que
prier un tiel Juftice que le matter fon fervant poit haftivement eftre fpede come li Ley veut.
Et ilftnt poit prier un home de Ley eftre a confell ove fon fervant come le Le) veut, pur



of Sir yolui Forte fciie. 19

of this matter Jeretrudefued out a writ of '' Error" in the King's Bench, and alTigned for error
that the three jileaded Not guilty, and that the fourth juflified ; and the plaintiff put forward
by way ot reply a matter which was a fpecial maintenance in the perfon of thefii.' Jeretrude,
and was not maintenance as to the tlu'ee ; and fo, it was feveral maintenance on which he
ought to have fued feveral aftions. And inafmuch as the Court did not abate tlie writ,
they were in error. [After the arguments of Pole, Movi.e, Littleton, and Haltoft.J
jTortCffUC t This adion, on that point, is good ; for, as has been faid in a writ of " Decies
tantum," I fhall have a writ againll a number of perfons, and againft the embraceors all
together in one acftion. And fo I fliall have a " PraMnunire facias" againlt the procurators,
notaries, counfellors, and the principals together. And fo I fliall have a writ of " Champarty "
againfl feveral ; and I fliall count againfi: one that he is ready to maintain the quarrel, in order
to have one acre of the land which is in demand ; and againfl the fecond [that he is ready, i^ c]
another acre ; and againft the third [that he is ready, &c.] to have the damages recovered in the
fame ac^fion; and ftill the action is good ; the reaion being, that thofe aftions are brought for one
art which is entire to the party wronged, and the damages and wrongs to the party in the
barratry (?) and the recovery are one thing therein, and thiyare taken in accordance with the
Statute. And if leveral perfons are with the plaintiff at the bar in proper perfon, the
prelence of the one is not the prelence of the other ; and ftill I fliall have a writ of " Main-
tenance." And fo the cafe of " Ouare impedit" before-mentioned is a good cafe. And it
is the like on " Attachment oti prohibition " againft the of^cer, procurator, and plaintiff;
and flill the aft of one is not the adt of the other ; nor e contra, &c. ; and ftill the a(!:tion
againft them jointly is good, becaufe the troubling of the party who fues is a fingle thing,
as is the fuit ; therefore the acflion was good. And again, as has been faid, there is no de^riar-
ture ; for it may be faid that he did not give the money by their procurement ; and the Cafe
here is the ftronger, becaufe they are found Not guilty. And fo as to this they gave a good
Judgment, c?v:c. Moile : Still, they erred in another point; viz., inafmuch as in the replication
he laid that the faid Jeretrude " handed over and delivered of her own money to T. II. and
" J. D. ten pounds, to diftribute among men within the fame county then and there refiding,
" according to their difcretion, to maintain and fuftain the quarrel aforefiid on behalf of the
" faid fervant," which is noncertain ; for, in my opinion, flie may well give her money to
be dif1:ributed among men learned in the law, to be with him ; and by his replication he
does fliow the contrary ; and fo the replication is uncertain in this way ; for there appeal's
neither one thing nor the other. And alio, he has not alleged that they diftributed tl e
money among any perfons : fo, no matter of maintenance appears, &c. in the replication.
Wherefore &c. jTortCfCllC : It is to be feen whether for the mafter to give money to t! e'
counfel of his fervant, be legal or not. And, Sir, I fay that it is not ; for a man cannot do
more for his fervant in fuch cafe than pray the Juftice that his fervani's bufinels may be
quickly diipofed of according to law. And {o, he can pray a man of law to be of counfel



Online LibraryJohn FortescueThe works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) → online text (page 73 of 87)