John Fortescue.

The works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) online

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by guardian or next t'riend ; but he fliall always be in his own perfon in every aftion brought
againfl; him ; and whofoever will plead the better plea for him, it fliall be admitted, Sic.

Michadrnas Term, 34 Hen. VI.

John Jus, Efcjuirc, heretofore fued a writ of " Debt " for one hundred pounds againil: the f. 22 b.
executors of a canon of Lichfield ; and he counted on an obligation made by their teflator,
&c. And they pleaded "not the deed of their tcftator :" and at a " Nifi prius " at
St. Martin's in laft term it was found as the deed of the teflator, tSic, and damages. And ^

now WrtNGFORD rehearfed the matter, and prayed his judgment; to wit, ot the prmcipal
debt out of the goods of the deceafed, if they have any fuch, and, if not, of the goods of
the executors themfelves, &c. [Litileion, Wangforu, and others follow.] Another day f. 2\.
in the Exchequer Chamber, Prisot rehearfed this matter. JfOVtCfCUC : I am of opinion
that judgment fliall be of the goods of the deceafed only, c\:c. b'or there is a difference when j

it is the deed of the executor, and when it is the deed of the teflator, <^v;c. And it executors
were required to acknowledge every deed fliown againil: them, there would be great milchief, I

&c. For if the judgment fhould be of the goods of the executors themfelves, &c., then they
would not deny any kind of deed for fear of lofing their own goods; and fo from this tear I

every executor would acknowledge every falie deed, &c., and the goods of the teflator would
thus be wrongfully fpent and paid av/ay. Jkit the cafe is different when the executor pleads
a releafe made to himfelf, for this is his own deed, &;c. And fuch cafes as yours have 1 ot
been often adjudged before this; but, nevertlielefs, the execution has often been adjudged to
recover from the goods of the deceafed, if lVc., and, if not, from the goods of the evecutcrs
&c. But if this judgment had now to be given for the firfl: time, I do not believe that any
judge would allow that the plaintiff fliould recover from the goods ot the executors, ixc.
But as fo many judgments have been given in cafes of this iijrt, becauie the law flaiuls thus,
&c., ufage makes law without any other reafbn. For the piac'lice in a writ ot " Debt" is,
11. ^ //

I. 30 b.

5° Reports of the Jitilgmetits, etc.

plede un acquitance, ou releas a, hrre, &c et le nhl.uif I r, 1 ,-■■,■

" T a,„gL,i„„ . , ■ ;■ ■■' r;"™'"- '"'■ ■ ■"« '■ '^ j^-'^™^-" » ^^^ ^=

arfaw -en c oc, V , ' "" '"'" ^"- " "P''" i"- '''■ '•= '''f-'J-.t face

fur le -c Fieri ftchs" Tv "' ' """' '"'"'"■'' ^"'^ ^^'^ ^^^^ ''^ "-«• ^^^ (i

c» le p,ai„.if „e p.e„d„ Hen pa, f„ 'lurjl'^'c "";"'' ""''T '" ^"'

VVANGFORD pua jugemciu come le Court femble un ou I'-iurr. m

opinion.! Prisot a W.vrpn. n • r •• j ^^ un ou Kiutre. [Danvers gu es in

e Jugemenc fuK que le plaintif recovera le dc.e des biens le mort, fi&c et fine "
fes b.ens propres, et il allegea deins quel an, et ifflnt il difoit en rPfcl e r , ?' '

iour Mes (Tnri-rfrtir fr v """"' '^"o'f en J Iikhec uer Cliambre 1 auicr

J ur. Mes JrOrtffCtlC difoit, que par aventure fuit ajuge en tern.cs come il lir
verament ,1 entendlt que le n.atter ne fuit unquez bien argue ne difru te V ""

u%e nient plus : purque de tiel 1 ugcn,ent il u.a mes p fi - "a ' T " "' '"' "^

/-^w/^ fuis propnis, &c. ' ""^'"y "''

-D^ Terwi-tw IltUarii, Anno xxxiv. I Ienj. VI.

of Si}- yolui Fortefcue. 5 1

that if the defendant plead an acquittance or releafe in bar, &c., and the plaintiff deny the
deed, fo that they are at ilTiie, .\:c., and afterwards the defendant make default, he lliall be
condemned, &c. But if llie defendant in a writ of " Trefpafs " jilead a releafe, and the
plaintiff deny, &c., and then ilTu'e tvc, and the defendant make defudt ; in this cafe there fliall
be only an inqiielf by default, and no condemiration, as there would be in the writ of "Debt," lvc.
But no one knows the reafon for diftinftion between the cafes, except that it is the cuftoni, &c.
And if any one deny the deed of his anceil;or, which is found to be his deed, in fuch cafe
he iliall not make fine, as if he had denied his own deed, but fhall be in mercy ; wherefore '
^z. : fb here, &c. [Prisot and others follow.] Yelverton : Where executors plead
" plene adminiftraverunt,'" and that is found to be the cale, the plaintiff ihall have recovery
only out of the goods of the deceafed. And if to the " J'deri ficias" the flieriff return that
" he converted the fiid goods to his own ufe," then he (the executor) fliali be ch: rged
out of his own goods, becaufe that adf was his own wrong, &c. But where they jlead
" plene adminiltraverimt," and it is found by verdid that they have nothing in their hands,
in that cafe the plaintiff will take nothing by his writ, &c. Markham : This is true; and
the plaintiff is put to his new writ of " Debt," when they have anything, &c. JfOl'tCfCUC ; If it
be found that they have in any way parcel of the teil:ator's goods in hand, the plaintiff af'terwards,
when they have it, fhall have a " Scire ficias " out of the lame record for the balance, &.c. . . .
Afterwards, in the Common Bench, Wangkord prayed judgment as the Court (one or the
other) fliould think right. [Daxveus givesan opinion.] Prisot to Wangford: The opinion
of all my companions, excepting Moile and myielf, is that they fhall not be cliarged of '

their own goods ; and this is the opinion of many of the othLr Judges of the King's Bench ;
ftill it feems to me contrary to reafon ; for I have feen the matter adjudged c\:c. in the fame
cafe on an obligation of the tefT:ator denied by the executors, and the judgment was that the
plaintifT fhould recover the debt of the goods of the deceafed, if &:c. ; and if not, of their
own goods. (And he cited the year, and fo he argued the other day in the ii,vchec[uer '
Chamber). But JToitCfClIC faid tliat, perhaps it was adjudged in the terms he ffates, , i
but truly he thought that the matter was never well argued or difputed ; neither v/as it the
common practice ; vdierefore of fuch a judgment lie would have but little regard and |

confideration, &c. And the cafe was adjourned until the next term. And afterwards, to
wit in Hilary Term next entuing, it was awarded by xIshton, Daniiv, and Moile, that the
plaintiff fhould recover the debt out of the goods of the deceafed only, if the executors had 1
any ; and if they had not, then out of their oan goods, iyc.

Hilary Term, 34 Men. \T.
In the Exchequer Chamber, before all the Jullices of England, it was rehearfed by Heidox, f. ^o I)
how John Andrew heretofore fued a writ of " Conipiracy," founded on the new flatute upon
indi(5lment for trefpals committed in foreign counties, againll Thomas 1 lous, Chaplain, and

fi > •■■■■;

■i' :■! 1;.;,'

r.i :\'. iij

52 Reports of the "Jiidgmejits^ etc.

Et le dit John F. pleda " de rien culpable" generalmcnt ; et le dit Sir Thomas juftifia pur
un fpecial caufedevant le jour fuppofe, fans ceo que il fuit culpable apres cefl: temps. Sur qui
apres le matter fuit trove, et trie tout pur le plaintit" envers amhiJeux a's daniagez de
c. livres. Et or le dit John 1'". fue attaint en le Bank le Roy fole, entreleifant le dit
Sir Thomas envers le dit John Andrew, et le Petit xij. Et, Sir, il ad allege le faux ferment
par tiel torme, fcavoir, !:[htrjd faljiim fecerunt Jacramentum in omnibus quu- verjus ipjnm
Johannem F. dixeruiit, &c. Sir, cell matter ad erte move en Bank le Roy devant cell
temps, et cefl: un QLieflion, fi im aura "Attaint" fole entreleflant I'autre, &c., auAibien des
damages come de le principal, ou nemy. Et, Sir, ^:c. 6i:c. [Gennv, Danbv, and others

f. 32. follow.] Markham: Me femble le brief bon pris per I'un : car de chofe qui ell entiere
qui ne poit eflre fevere, come Dette rcovere envers deux, ou terre recovere envers deux, ou
tielx cafes lour perte efl; owel : purque ils doivent joindre en acT:ion a aver " Attaint," &c.
Mes un trefpas fait per deux ne poit eftre joint per nu! voie : et le plaintif en bi ief de J'refpas,
nient obftant que ils pledent joint tenancy, poit aver feveral " Venire facias." Illint ils purront
aver ieverals " Attaints" chefcun aperiuy, et vice verja nemy. Car fi un trefpas ioit tai: a
deux des biens emportes, ou de frail ioiw d'un obhgacion pm- c livres ; en ceft cas s'ils perde it,
lour perte eft joint : et ils doivent icy joindre en " Attaint '' pur le joint polTeflion que ils c nt
perdu. jTOttCfCUC luv interrupta et difoit : Vous argues de prover que I'un poii a\ er
" Attaint" de la principal chofe: mez de ceft point le greindre part de Touts nous f ml le
que il aura clerenlent : purque argues des damages. Markham: Sir, me femble ues
damages auxi ; car les damages ne font forfque come un accelTory de le principal : car fi fnit
trove non culpable per I'Attaint, en ceft cas les damages font alles a toujours, &c. Iirint de
aftigner le f^iux ferment en le principal et en les damages enlemble, n'eft afcun 'nconveni:ni.e.
Et Sir, pojito que ambideux purront joindre en " Attaint" de damages tiDitnin, uncore ci o ne
prove mes que Tun poit aver " Attaint" des damages tautuniy auxi bien come brief dTMTor
tavtum^ et per le reverfal de I'un tout le record fera reverfe envers I'autre, foit il culpable! ou
nemy, &c. jTOVtCfCUC I Us doivent fuir brief d'Error jointement: car I'un poit eftre fompns
et fevere en ceft cas, ckc. Markham : Nemy Sir, mes que fuit en tiel cas ou "Sommon;. et
Severance" purra eftre en primer accion, &c., nient plus que en "Attaint," &c. [Ardern
and Prisot follow.] JFOCtCfCllC .' Me femhia que ambideux doivent joindre en "Attaint"
omnino. Et a le cas que Danvers ad mis d'un recoverie en valu envers deux, et le tenant
fue d'aver en valu vers I'un, que il aura "Attaint" fole, &c., jeu entende le contrary ; car le

<• 33- Jugement eft joint envers eux de recoverer une entiere chofe envers ambideux. Illint eft en
le cas en qui nous fumus or des damages ; et celuy en revercion que prie eftre reciu, ne poet
autrement mes de fuir fole ; car le tenant a terme de vie que fuit defendant, t li': iiors de

t 'I

of S'n^ yo/in Fortefct/e. 53

one John F. ; and the faid John V. pleaded " Not guilty " generally ; and the fliid Sir Thomas
juftified tor a ipecial reafon before the day fuppoled, without this that he was guilty after
that time. Whereupon the matter was afterwards tried, and it was found wholly for the
plaintiff againtt both of them ; to his damage lOo/. : and now the faid John F. fingly fues
an "Attaint "in the King's Bench, omitting the faid Sir Thomas, againil: the fiid John
Andrew and the petty jury. And, Sir, he has alleged the falfe oath in this form, viz.,
"that they made a talfe oath with refpedl to all things which againft the faid John F. they
faid, &c." Sir, this matter has been heretofore mooted in the King's Bench; and it is i
a queftion it one fliall have an " Attaint" fingly, omitting the other &c., as well in refpecft of
the damages as of the principal matter, or not. And, Sir, &c. &c. [Genny, Danbv, and others
follow.] Markham : It feems to me that the writ is well taken by the one; for of a thing (. 32.
which is entire antl cannot be fevered, as debt recovered againft two, or land recovei jd
againft two, or fuch cafes, their lois is equal; wherefore they muft join in aiition to ha/e
an " Attaint," &c. : but a trefpafs committed by two cannot be joint in any way ; and the
plaintiff in a writ of" Trefpafs," notwithftanding that they plead jointly, can have feveral [writs
of] "Venire f^icias." So they can have feveral " Attaints," each by himfelf; and vice verjd
not. For if a trefpafs be done to two, fuch as carrying off their goods or breaking [the
condition of] a bond for loo/. ; in fuch cafe, if they lofe, they lofe jointly : and they muft
here join in "Attaint" for the joint poffeffion.s which they have loft. JTOrtCfCUC interrupted
him, and faid: You argue to prove that one can have " Attaint" in refpei?l of the principal
matter ; but on this point the majority of us all think that he iTiall clearly have it ; wlierefore
argue on the damages. Markham: Sir, I think the fime of the damages alio ; for the
damages are only as an acceffory of the principal : tor if he be tound not guilty in the
Attaint, in fuch cafe the damages are gone for ever, &c. So, in affigning the tltlfe oath
in the principal matter and in the damages together, there is no inconvenience. And, Sir,
granted that both fliall join in an "Attaint" in refped: of damages only, ftill this does not
prove anything but that one can have an "Attaint " of damages only, aswell as a writ of" Error"
only ; and by the reverfal as to one, the whole record ftiall be reverfed againft the other,
be he guilty or not.&c. jTOl'tCfCUC : I'hey ought to lue a writ of "Frror" jointly ; for one can
be iummoned and fevered in this cafe, &c. Markham : Not fu. Sir, except it were in fuch
cafe where fummons and ieverance may be in the iirft aftion, &c., no more than in Attaint,
ike. [Aruern and Prisot follow.] jTortCfCllC: It feems to me that both ought to join
in " Attaint" in every reiped. And in the cafe which Danvers has fuppofed ot a recovery
in value being had againft two, and the tenant luing to have in value againft the one, and of
his being able in that cafe to have an "Attaint" fingly, &c., I think the contrary; for the
judgment is a joint one againft them, to recover an entu-e thing againft both. So it is, in the I'. 33.
prefent cafe, of damages; and he in reverfion, who prays to be received, cannot do
otherwife than fue lolely ; for the tenant for term of life, who was the defendant, was out of court,

". ibnA

I .,>o;!


rii, ; f

54 Reports of the yinlgiiieiits, etc,

court, et ne fuit party a le trial. I'.t Sir. le grand chofc que ell parle de la contrary part en
cell cas eft, que feroit mifchief fi I'un ne purroit fuir fans Tauter, et fi Tauter ne veut fuir, T;
nonfuit Tun fera Ic nonluit d'amliideux. Mes dc ouftcr ceft anihiguity, et dc \ow un mem:
de ceft iTiifchiet, eft liicn fait: car me femble cleremcnt, que en chefcun manner " Attaint"
\\ foit tondc auxibicn fur pie perfonel, Tou nul " Sommons et Severance" giil en le premier
brief, comme autrement, que " Sommons et Severance " iireront en " TAttaint " nien ohftant :
et fi foit, adonque eft inconvenient que ambideux furent enfemble, et fi Tun veut eftre
nonluite, que il lera per ceo conclu tout temps enaprcs, &c., et il fera fcvere, et celuy que
veut luir luira avant. F.t Sir, purque ne poet "Sommons et Severance" gefir en
chelcun maner "Attaint" fonde fur un perfinel aftiun, auxibien come fur un "Audita
querela," le quel eft plus propremer.t un perfonel adion que afcun "Attaint" eft.? Car en
"Audita querela" " Sommons et Severance" gift, come t'uit ajuge 'Termino '\ij\h.v, A)ino 2C
Ldvv. J. Kt auxi "Sommons et Severance" gift en brief de " (jard," et en brief de
" Detinue des Charters" per le Common Ley ; et uncore le proces de utlagarie ne i^ift en
mefme le brief. Et touts nous fumus accordes que ils bien purront fuir enfemble ; et li bit,
adonque n'ell my reafon que en ceft cas le nonfuit de Tun ne grcvera Tauter; car Tou eft dit
que le " Sommons et Severance" ne gift en "Attaint," mes Tou "Sommons et Severan;e"
gift en le premier brief ; jeo entende nule raifon purquoy feverance gift plus en Tun las lue
en Tauter; car TAttaint ne fuit la nature de le premier brief, ne eft femblable a nul
auter brief forfque a luy mefme. Et jeo entends bien que eft un Maxime en noftre
Ley, que en chelcun perfonel aftion le nonfuit de Tun fera le nonfuit d'anft:iideux,
rorfque en tielx cafes qui font forpris per le Statut, come execucion ou tiels, &c., ines
nienobftant ceft Maxime ne purra eftre pris auxy generalment come eft jiarle ; car jeo
entende que fera pris mes en tiels cafes ou eft le fait la party mefme. Come fi heme
prend a luy et a un eftranger un obligacion de certain fomme deue a luy; en ceft cas fi le
eftranger ne veut fuir, Tauter eft fans remedy; purque fera entendu iow fiit, et fa I foly
demefne, qui voudroit ilfmt faire, c^c. Mes auterment eft '^\ deux foient obliges per .Sfatut
marchant ou par recognilance en certain fomme, et ils ont paie, et ont lour acquitane'j, et
iiien-obftant le oblige fue execucion cnvers eux, ou envcrs un d'eux, or ceft exeeuci(jn hie jTeft
lour fait, mes le fait le plaintift"; purquoy en ceft cas ils font compelles de fuir or pur lour
difcharge, ceftafcavoir per " Audita querela," en quel cas gift Severance. Ifiint li brief de
Tranfgreflion porte envers deux, et ils font troves culpables a's damages &c., or '[\ ceo foit
trove per faux ferment, ceo n'eft lour fait demefne, mes le f lit d'un faux verdit : purque eft
raifon que ils ont remedy per "Attaint" enfemble, et que le nonfiiit de Tui ne grevera
1.33 b. Tauter: purque me femble que le plaintiff" poet abriger le faux ferment. Ca • en chefcun
brief ou il requefte nul defence, come en brief de "Dower," " Afiife de I'lovel dilTeifin."
" Per qux fervitia" et " Attaint" la party pleinante poet abriger : car le fpecial chofe de lour

of Sir John Furtcjcue. ^^

and was not a party to the trial. And, Sir, the principal thing which is faid on the other
fide in this cafe is, that there would be niifcliief, if one could not fue without the other; and
if the other will not fue, the noiifuit of the one will he the nonluit of both. But to get rid
of this ambiguity, and to fee a way out of this niifchief, is well done : for it feenis to
nie clearly that in each kind of " Attaint," if it be founded as well on perfonal plea, where no
" Summons and Severance" lies in the firft writ, as otherwife, "Summons and Severance"
fhall ilTue in the "Attaint" notwithftanding. And if io, then it is inconvenient that both
Hiould fue together; and that if one wilh to be nonfuited, he fliall be thereby concluded
for ever afterwards, iS:c. : and he fliall be fevered ; and he who wiflies to fue fhall fue on.
And, Sir, why cannot " Summons and Severance " lie in each kind of " Attaint " founded on a
perfonal adion, as well as on an " Audita querela," which is more properly a perfonal aflion
than any " Attaint " is ? h'or, in an "Audita querela," " Summons and Severance" lies, as
was adjudged in Eafter term, 20 Edw. III. And alfo " Sununons and Severance" lies in a
writ of " Ward," and in a writ of" Detinue of Charters" by Common Law ; and Hill the
procefs of outlawry does not lie in the fame writ. And we are all agreed that they may well
fue together ; and if it be fo, then there is no reafon why, in this ca(e, the nonfuit of the one
fhall not prejudice the other; for whereas it is fiid that the " Summons and Severance'" do
not lie in " Attaint," except where " Summons and Severance " lie in the firll: writ ; I under-
hand no lealon why feverance lies more in one cafe than in the other ; for the Attaint eloes not
follow the natin-e of the fnil writ, and is not fmiilar to any other v/ric than iticlt. And
I think clearly that it is a maxim in our law, that in every perlonal ac^tion the nonfuit ot
the one lliall be the nonfuit of both, except in fuch cafes as are excepted by liatute,
as execution, or fuch like, &c. But notwithftanding, this maxim Ihall not be taken m
as large a \'c\\(c as the words import ; for I think that it fliall only be taken to apply only in
thofe cafes where it is the ael of the party himfelf. As if a man take to himlelt and a
ilranger a bond for a certain fum due to himfelf; in fucli cafe, if the itranger will not fue,
the other is without remedy; wherefore it fltall be underwood as his own ac'l and folly in
doing fuch a thing, &c. But it is otherwife if two be bound by llatute merchant or
recognizance in a certain fum, and they have paid, and have their acquittance, and yet the
obligee fues execution againlt them or againll: one of them ; in lucii cale the execution lued
is not their aCt, but the w^ of the plaintiff; wherefore they are in this cafe compelled fo lue
for their difcharge, that is to fay, by " Audita querela," in which cafe feverance lies. So, if
a writ of" Trefpafs " be brought againfl: two, and they be found guilty as to the damages, ^c,
now if this be found by falfe oath_, it is not their aft, but the aft of a falie verdift ; wiierefore ,
it is reafonable that they have their remedy by " Attaint" together, and that the nonfuit of
the one fhall not injure the other; wherefore it feems to me that the plaintiff can abridge
the falfe oath. For in every writ where he requefts no defence, as m writ of " Dower,' t. 33 I).
" AlTize of novel diflelfm," " Per qux fervitia,^' and " Attaint,'' the party complaining can

, ;, ii- 'io
;:.;-b ■:v:i

: : : 1 • ' : 'i i

1 ..I ;,.

5^ Reports of the Jiwlgnic^its, etc.

demande n'cft fpecifie en le briet-' mes per fpecial allegacion &c. Yelvurton : A le cr.s

que Mon maillre Prisot ad mis de I'abrigenient Et Sir, quant a ceo

(jue ell move jier Mon niaiih-e l-'ortefcue que " Somnions et Severance" gilt en " Attaint,"
jeo n'entende que ceo fuit unques Ley nics ou Severance gifoic en le premier brief, ^:c. : car

jeo entende que ehefcun Attaint eniliit le nature de le premier brief.

JFOttCfCUC : Jeo voile bien que lun aura "Attaint" ible des damages ove un iurmis,
fcavoir de furmettre coment il ad tout paie, &c. [Yelverton, Nedham, and others tbl-
low.] Et arguebant ulterius divers Apprentices et touts les Sergeants et touts lesjuges par
deux jours, c\'c. ; et le grande choie que fuit tenu par JfortCfCUC que le brief abatera, fuit,
pur ceo que Sommons et Severance purront eilre en "Attaint" a fa entcnt auxi bien ou nul

Severance gifoit en Jc premier brief, come fi feroit &c. Yelverton: Come eft la

Ley d'Angleterre, fcavoir, fi I'un foit fonime et fevere en pie de terre, et I'ai tre fuira avant
et recovera I'un moity ; I'autre qui tuit fevere, entrera ove luy, &rc. Et ils ueux arreremain
purront prendre autre " precipe quod reddat" de Tautre moity. Et fi ctluy qui fuit
premier fevere, veut eftre fevere arreremain, ib poet ; et quand I'autre qui fuit avant ad recu
le moity de I'autre qui fuit fevere, poet entrer arreremain en ceft part. Et par infinite ils
purront fuir jufques foit ad no>i quantum. jTortCfCUC : Celuy qui elT: fevere ne j un oit

entrer en votre cas s'il avoit releafe al tenant adevant, &c. Yelverton

{Vide plus i>uU Michaelis tricefimo qiiinto Hen. VI. fo. 19.)

Be Tennbio Michaelis, Anno xxxv. IIen. VL

f. 19 En I'Efchequer Chambre devant les Juilices d'Angletere, &:c., Choke leherce dim -nt

J. Andrew avoit fue un brief de Confpiracie fur le Statute de Anno 8 Regis nur.e envers l1io.
FL Clerk, et un J. C. de ceo que ils confpirerent d'enditer le dit J. A. en un ibrein County,
&c., en quel brief le dit Tho. LL pleda " de rien culpable," et I'autre detbndant, pled i un
auter matter, &c ; et ambideux iflues furent troves cncontre le defendant, et damages trJbles
a c. marks, &:c. ; fur que le dit Tho. H. un des defendants ad or {n<c " Attaint" fur mefnie le
ferment, et alligne le faux ferment in omnibus qu.e dixerunt verjus eum, &c. Et le dit A. ad
demande Jugement de brief, entant que " I'Attaint" n'eft pas porte en les nomr. les dits
Thomas H. et J. jointment, pur ceo que il alligne le faux ferment folement en les damages
qui font entieres, et ne poient eilre leveres ; et pria &:c. Choke: Et nous prions que le

f. 20. brief fera ajuge bon, &c. [LLwdon and Liteleton follow.] JTOl'tCfClIC : iir, quant a
ceo qu'eft dit que feverals Attaints feronts maintenus fur un ferment, &:c., ceo n'e 1: pis iOint :
car fur un iftue on n'aura forfque un Attaint ^c. Et quant a le cas que ad efte mis fi
" Formedon" foit porte de la moity de I'un manoir &c. fuppofe que un tiel done le manoir
&c., et le quel moity fon anceitor in furpartium tenuit, &c., et le tenant dit que il ne dona
pas, &c. ; et eft trove que il ne dona, et ceo affirme per attaint, &c., et puis I'autre porte

of Sir yo/ifi Fortefcne. 57

abridge ; for the fpecial fabjecT- of" their demand is not ipccified in the writ, but by Tpecial
allegation, &c. Yulverign : As to what my nialk-r, Pkisor, has put forward concerning
abridg]nent . . . And, Sir, as to that which is moved by my Mailer jToUtCfCUC, that
" Summons and Severance" lies in Attaint; I do not think that lliat was ever law, except
where feveranee lay in the firft writ, &c. : for f think that every Attaint follows the nature of

Online LibraryJohn FortescueThe works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) → online text (page 78 of 87)