John Fortescue.

The works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) online

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the firft writ . . . JToVtCfCllC : 1 :mi willing that one alone fliall have an " Attaint " in refpeft
of the damages, with a furmife, viz. lurmifmg how he lias paid all, &c. Yei.verton,
Nedham, and others follow.] And the arguments by divers apprentices, and all the Ser-'
jeants and all the Judges went on further for two days; and the great thing holden by
JTOttCfCUC, viz. that the writ fhould abate, was becaufe, in his opinion. Summons and Seve-
rance might be in an " Attaint/' as well where no Severance lay in the firft writ as wliere it
did, &c. Yelverton : The law of England is that if one [demandant] be fummoncA and
fevered in a plea of land, and the other fue on, and recover a moiety, the one who was fevered
fhali enter along with him, ike. ; and they two can take another " Pr;ecipe quod reddat" for -
the other moiety. And if he who was firft fevered wifhes to be fevered again, he can fo be ; ,

and when the other, who fued on, has recovered the moiety of the other who was fevered, he
can enter again on that part. And they iltall be able to fue ad infinitum until it come
to no>i quantum. JTOl'tCfCUC I I fe who is fevered woLild not be able to enter in your cafe,
if he had releafed to the tenant before, &c. Yelverton . . [See further, Michaelmas,
35 Hen. VI., f. 19.]

Michadmas Tivm, 35 Hen. VI. '

In the Exchequer Chamber, before the JulHces of England, &c., Choke rehearled how t'. ig
J. Andrew had fued a writ of " Conipiracy" on the ll:atute of the eighth year of the j^refent
King, acralnft Thomas H. Clerk, and one J. C, for that they confpired to indie!:!: the faid
J. A. in a foreign county, ivc. : in which writ the faid Tho. II. pleaded " Not guilty," and
the other defendant pleaded another matter, &c. ; and both ilTues were found againit the
defendants, and damages trebled to one hundred marks, &c. Whereupon the faid Tho. EI., |
one of the defendants, has now fued an " Attaint" on the lame oath, and alligned falfe oath,
" in all that they faid againft him," &c. And the faid A. has demanded Judgment on the writ, |
inafmuch as the Attaint is not brought in the names of the faid Thomas II. and J. jointly ;
becaufe he ailigns the falfe oath folely in retjied of the damages, which are entire and cannot be
fevered. And he prayed, &c. CrujKE : And we pray that the writ fhall be adjudged good, S:c. I
&c. [EI A V DON and Littleton follow.] JfortCfCUC : Sir, as to what is faid, that feveral .Att; >nts f. :u.
fhal' be maintained on one oath, i^c, it is not fo ; tor on one ifliie one fliall only lia\'e one Att. int,
&:c. And as to the cafe that has been put forward, that if a " Eormedon" be brought tor the
moiety of a manor &c., fuppofing fuch an one granted th.e manor &c , and which moiety his
anceilor held in purparty, L^c.,and the tenant tays that he did not grant \c., and it is found
that he did not grant, and tliis is affirmed by the Attaint, cS:c., and then the other brings another ,

II. /

58 Rep07^ts of the yudgments^ etc.

auter " Formedon" de I'autre moitie, et fur mefme le doune, que il ne fera eftoppe adire que
il dona ; Sir, jeo grante bien ; et la caufe eft, pur ceo que I'efFed: de I'idue eft, le quel il
dona mefme le moitie ou nemy, et nient plus. Car fi un home porte " Praecipe quod reddat"
envers un autre, et tenant plcde jointenancy per fut, et le demandant maintient fon brief, et
trove eft ove le tenant et atlirme per Attaint, que ils font jointenants, &c., donques s'il
porte autre brief envers ambideux, et il plede mefme le fait en barre, le demandant ne fera
f. 20 b. eftoppe adire, " Nient le fait," ou " riens pafHi;" et ceo nient obftant que il fuit trove q'ils
furent joint, et affirme per Attaint : car I'efteft de I'ifTue ne fuit le fait, mes le jointure: et
iftlnt eft en le cas que ad efte mis ; car mefque ils traverfent le done de tout le mannere, uncore
reffe(5l de Tifllie n'eft que de mefme le porcion, &c. Et a fortiori s'il foit ifllnt, que ceo par-
cener devia fans iftlie, iilint que I'autre ad la moitie, il mefme ne fera eftoppe nient obftant
que il foit partie et privie, &c. Et ceo entant que le fubftance de riflue n'ex ende forfque
a mefme le portion ; donques a plus fort un eftranger ne fera pas lie per tiel At aint, <S:c. Et
quant a I'auter cas que ad efte mis per Littleton, fcavoir que fi deux homes font fue en Court
Chriftien jointment pur un chofe que appertient al' Court le Roy, que I'un fole aur.i
" Attachment fur prohibition," et Tauter un Attachment, &c. Sir, ceo ne tient pas lieu (
generalment, mes covient la eftre un diftindioti : car {\ le cas foit ilfmt, t]ue deux home;
foient fues en Court Chriftien pur ftander, ou pur baterie, &c., icy chefcun d'eux nun
" Attachment fur prohibition :" et ceo eft la caufe ; car font vexes pur un feveral chofe_
&c. : donques s'ils fues pur chofe feverals ils auront feverals ai^lions ; mes s'ils foient fues pur
trover un lampe, ou chandele en un Egllfe per reafon de lour terre, de cele ils auront jointe
" Attachcment fur prohibition ;" et iftint le mannere de le fuir de lAttachement covient
denfuir la nature de la chofe pur quel ils font fues; car fi ceo foit feveral, ils au ont fcveials
adions, et s'il foit joint, ils auront joint a61:ions. Come en cas en action de Debte porte fur
un obligacion vers deux, et ambideux dedient le fait, et trove eft le fait d'ambideux; icy
ne poient joindre en Attaint, mes doivent aver feverals Attaints, pur ceo que la chofe
purque I'Attaint gift, eft feveral ; car le tait fun ne puit eftre le fait I'autre : mes s'ils ufiei^t
plede un releafe et le plaintit dedit le fait, et trove eft que il n'eft pas le fait, &c., icy ilz
joindront en Attaint, pur ceo que il fuift un joint ifiiie, et un joint pie, et im joint chofe,,
&;c. Et iftint icy de le principal point ils peuvent aver feverals Attaints alTez bien, pur ceo
que ceft eft feveral; car I'uii poit eftre trove culpable, et I'autre nemy, et ilfmt feveral : nics
les damages font un joint chole iurdant lur ambideux jointment, et nient feveral, des queux
il ne purront aver feverals iVttaints. Et auxi un " Audita querela" puit afcun lois eftre
porte par touts ceux qui font lies jointment, et afcun foiz chefcun de eux ;'inM fole
"Audita querela;" come ^\ Statut Marchand loit fait a un per deux, et celu / a que
le Statut eft fait, fait un releafe ou defeafance fur meme le Statut, et puis cefty a que

of Sir John Fortefcue. 59

" Formedon" for the other moiety, and on the fame gift, that lie fhall not be eflopped to
fay that he granted it, — Sir, I quite agree; and the reafon is, becaufe the ilTue is, whether he
gave the fame moiety or not, and nothing more. For if a man i)ring a " Prscipe quod
reddat" againft another, and the tenant pleads joint- tenancy by deed, and the demandant
maintains his writ, and it is found for the tenant, and affirmed by Attaint, that they are
joint tenants &c., then if he brings another writ againft both, and he pleads the lame deed
in bar, the demandant fliall not be eftopped to fay, " Not the deed," or " Nothing parted ;" f. 20 b.
and this, notwithftanding that it was found that they were joint tenants, and that it was
affirmed by the Attaint ; for the effetfi: of the iflue was not the deed, but the joint-tenancy ;
and fo it is in the cafe which has been put forward ; for although they traverle the grant
of the whole manor, ftil! the effed of the ilTue is only of the lame portion, &c. And a
fortiori if it be fo that this parcener die without ilfue, fo that the other has the m jiety, he
himfelf fhall not be eft 'pped, notvvithftanding that he is party and privy, &c. Aiid this is
for that the fubftance of the iffue does not extend fave to the fime portion : then much rather
fhall a ftranger not be bound by fuch Attaint, &c. And as to the other cafe put forward
by Littleton, viz., that if two men be fued in Court Chriftian jointly tor a matter apper-
taining to the King's Court, one alone Ihall have " Attachment on prohibition," and the
other an " Attachment,"' &c., Sir, this does not hold good fo generally but that there muft be
a diftinftion ; for if the cafe be that two men are fued in Court Chriftian for flander, or for
battery, &c., here each of them iliall have " Attachment on prohibition ;" and the reafon
is that they are vexed for a feveral matter, &c. Then if they be fued for leveral tilings
they lliall have feveral a(51:ions ; but if they be fued to find a lamp or candle in a clun-ch, by
reafon of their land, they lliall have thereon a joint " Attachment on prohibition ; ' and fo
the manner of fuing the Attachment muft follow the nature of the matter on which they are
fued ; for if it be feveral, they fhall have feveral anions ; and if it be joint, they Chall have |
joint aftions. As in the cafe of an adtion of Debt, brought on a bond againft two, and both
deny the deed, and it is found to be the deed of both, here they cannot join in Attaint, but they '
muft have feveral Attaints, becaufe the matter for which the Attaint lies is feveral ; lor the
deed of the one cannot be the deed of the other. 15ut if they had pleaded a releafe, and
the plaintiff had denied the deed, and it had been found that it was not the deed &c., here they
fhall join in an Attaint, becaufe it was a joint ilTue, and a joint plea, and a joint thing, &c.
And fo here; of the principal point they can have feveral x\ttaints rightly, becaufe i, is a
feveral matter ; for one may be found guilty, and the other not ; and fo it is a feveral n.-itter.
But the damages are a joint thing ciiareed on both jointly, and not feverally ; and tlie\ ftiall
not thereon have feveral Attaints, And alfo an " Audita querela" can fometimes be brought by
all thole who are bound jointly ; and fometimes eacli of them fingly fliall have an " Audita
querela." As if a ftatute merchant be made to one by two, and he to whom the ftatute is
made makes a releafe or defeazance on the fame ftatute, and then he to whom the ftatute is

'■ , ■■?:'■■'

6o Reports of the 'Jiulg>iie7its^ etc.

le Statut ell: fait fue execution envers ceux qui font lies des terres cies queux ilz font join-
tenants ; icy ils auront un joint " Audita querela" et nemy fevcral, pur ceo que le tort que eft
fait a eux eft tait a eux jointnient : nies s'il fue execucion de lour corps, adonque ils aurojit
^everals " Audita querela," pur ceo que le tort que I'un ad n'eft le tort que I'autre ad: et

ilTmt feverals torts, i\;c. Purque, &c. Yelveh'j'on, a le contrarie entente

Markham, a mefme I'entente Ash roN : Me femble le contrarie

[Danby, PRisor, and others follow.] Moile : Sir, a ma entente il eft tout un, et nul

r. 22 b. diverfite. Frisot : Me femble le contrarie Sir, jeo di, que nou-.

entendrons et prendrons que execucion eft tait accordant a I'execucion fue, et ilfmt
puit la Ley melior entendue, fcavoir de lour biens en common : car le brief dexecucion
ilTera vers ambideux jointement ; donque accordant a ceo nous entendons que execucion
eft fait : et doni|ue vous ne voiles denir mes que ils covient de jo'ndre en Attaii t.
Et jeo die que ft jeo iuis oblige en un Statut marchant a mon maift-e JfOl'tCfCUC en
certaine fumme, et Ashton et jeo lumus obliges en autre Statut en autre fummr a mon
maiftre jTOVtCfCllC J ^uxi que il recite lez ambideux Statuts comcnt jeo fuis obliie, et
coment jeo et Ashtom fumus oblige, veut et grante que ft nous paions un mc indre
fumme, les Statuts feront voides, et nous les paions le moindre fumme, et nient olftant
il fue execucion d'ambideux Statuts; jeo die que jeo et Ashton aurons un joint

"Audita querela," et nemy feveral : Et a ceo que fera mi "chef fi

i'autre ne voiet fuir, pur ceo c]ue le nonfuit I'un fera le nonfuit d'ambideux; Sir, ceo ne fera :
car s'll ne veut luir, il fera levere come en un " Audita querela :" et ilfuit ne fera a nul
mifchief; et iftint me femble que le brief porte per J'un des demandants n'dt bon.
jTOttCfClIC ; A mefme I'entent, car jeo entende ijue s'ils ne joindront, enfuera gr inde
mifchief, et auxy inconvenience de que I'autre aura Attaint : et s'ils foient xx defenda its^ par
tiel reafon chelcun d'eux aura Attaint. Et ft i'era fuft'ert y fera ij ou iij miichiefs, fcavoir
que le Court fera enveigle de tant dez at'^ions pur un caufe, &c. ou un accion purra Mre fin
de tout &:c. ; un autre, que la partie, et auxy les jurors del' Petit xij fera chafes de refpondre
a fi plufors aiftions pur un caufe, \'c. ; un autre, que le Pais fera trouble et vexe ove {\ plufors
Juries pur \m melme caufe ; que font graiule niilchief Et auxi il fera inconvenient fi un
Attaint foit trove contrarie a autre ; les queux milchiets et inconveniences font eftre efchcwes:
donques fi jeo fcay prover que ne lera mifeliiet" ne inconvenience de la contrary j^art, il fera
plus reafon de fiire eux de jouidre en un .Vtt.iint, que de iuftVir eux de fcverer, i!\'c. Et a
ma entente ceo jeo proveray; et adeprimes quant a ceo que eft dit que s'ils fen nt coartes de
joindre et un ne veut fuir, et le nonfuit d'un fera le nonfuit d'ambideux, eitant que eft
perfonel adion ; ceo ne fera pas ilfinc ; car en tiels cales ou un tort eft fait a ij j JinLment per
f. 23. Ley, come par un recoveric, et font compelles de joindre en adion a punir mehiie le tort,

oj S'n- Jo/in Fortefcue. 6i

made fues execution againfl: thofe vviio are bound, of the lands of which they are joint
tenants; here they ihall have a joint " Audita querela," and not feveral ; becaufe the tort which
is done to them is ilone to them jointly. lUit if he fues execution of their bodier, then they
fhall have feveral " Audita querelas," becaufe the tort which one fufters is not the tort which
the other fuflcrs ; and fo there are feveral torts, &c. ; wherefore, &c. Yei.verton : Of

the contrary opinion Markham : Of the fiinc opinion

AsHTON : The contrary is my opinion [Dankv, Prisot, and others follow.]

Moile: Sir, in my opinion it is all one, and no difference. Prisot : I think othcrwife. . . \

Sir, I fay that we (hall underftand and hold that execLition is made according to the 1' 22 b.
execution fued, and fo may the law be better underftood, viz. of their goods in common ;
tor the writ of execution iliall illue againlt both jointly ; then, according to that, we under-
ftand that execution is done ; and then you will not deny that they mud join in an Atta'nt.
And I fay that if I am bound in a Statute Merchant to my malter jTortCflllC in a cer ain
fum, and Ash ton and I are bound in another ftatute in another funi to my malter
jFOrtCfCUC, and that, reciting both ftatutes how I am bound and how that I and Ashton
are bound, he wills and grants that it we pay a lefs fum, the ftatutes fliall be void ; and
we pay the lels fum, and notwithllanding that, he fues execution on both Itatutes : 1 lay

that I and AsHTON ihall have a joint "Audita querela," and not leveral

And as to there being mifchiet if the one will not fue, becaufe the nonluit of the one will be
the nonfuit of both; Sir, it will not be fo, tor if he will not fue, he fliall be fevered as in an
" Audita querela," and fo no miichief will arife ; and lb it feems to me that the writ brought
by one of the demandants is not good. jTottCfCUC : I '^gree, for I hulJ that if they thall '

not join, great mifehief will enllie, and alio inconvenience in that the otlier fliall have an
Attaint : and if there be twenty defendants, by hich reafon each of them will have an Attaint.
And if it were allowed, there would be two or three mifchiefs, that is, that the Court would
be entangled in fo many ac'tions tor one caule, txc, where one aftlon would make an end of (

all, &c. ; alfo, that tlie party, and alio the jurors of the Petty xij, would be forced to
anfwer to fo many aftions tor one cauie, cvc. ; alfo, that the Pais would be troubled and '

vexed by fo many juries for one and the finie caule ; all ot which would be great mifchiefs.
And alfo it will be inconvenient it one Attaint be toinid contrary to tlie other ; which
mifchiefs and inconveniences are to be eichewed. If, then, I can prove that there will not
be mifehief or inconvenience by the contrary proceeding, there will oe more reafon to make
them join in an Attaint, than to iuffer them to fever, &c. And 1 am of opinion that I
fliall prove this. And firllly, as to what is (aid that it they fliall be forced to join, and one
will not fue, and tlie nonfuit ot the one will be the nonfuit of both, inafmuch as it is a'
perfonal adion ; I lay that it Hiall not be lo ; tor in fueh cales, where a tort is done to two
jointly by law, as by a recovery, and they are comjielled to join m action to puiiilh the '• -J-

.1 i!:;,n


62 Reports of the yudgme7its^ etc.

nient obftant que aiflion foit jierfoiiele le nonfuit I'un ne fera Ic nonfuit forftiue pur luy

mefme, et I'autre fuira avant : ou {\ I'un relealle, il ne fL-ra barrc pur I'autre. Come fi j

portent "Audita querela," le nonfuit I'un ne fera le nonfuit forfque pur luy fole, nient plus

fon releas ne barrera forfque luy niefme, pur ceo que lis font coar6tes par Ley de joindre, et

la caufe de I'adion n'efl: accrue per lour fiit, et nul defaut efl: en eux, &c. Mefme la Ley,

fi ij ou iij foient condemnes, et en execucion, et ont un releas de le plaintif, et touts fuent un

"Scire facias " envers le plaintif fur mefme le releas, mefque I'un voile eftre nonfuit, et ne voile;

uncore I'autre fuira avant. Et mefme la Ley fera en brief de Debte porte per execiitorz, et en

brief de Rationibi'i parte bonoriim porte parij ; mefque I'un ne veut fuire, I'autre fuir avant ; et

inicore tontz lez aftions font merement perfoneles ; mes entant que ils font arftes par Ley de

joindre, etnul defaut en eux, et la caufe de I'accion ne accruft par lour fait mez par le fait de

Ley, &c. la Ley eft favorable pur eux : car fi I'un ne voit fuir, I'autre f lira avant. Et

idint en ceft cas le faux ferment et le Jugcment fur ceo done eft un tort fait i eux jointment,

&c. par la Ley et nient par lour fait, dequel ils covient joindre en Attaint, et mefque i'un ne voit

fuire, I'autre fuira avant, &c. Mes s'il foit iflint que debte foit due a ij par caufe d'un contraif ou

obligacion, ou ij jointment ont caufe a aver aftion de Trefpas ; en tiel aftion le nonfuit ''un

fera le nonfuit d'ambideux, ou le releas I'un barrera d'ambideux, pur ceo que fuift lour fai et

folic que ils prindrent joint eftat, ou que ils prindrent tiel obligation, iSrc. Et auxi jeo

entende en touts cafes ou ij ou trois ont caufe d'aver aftion jointment, que Ils ne doiv^nt

feverer ; car a la Comon Ley fi le tante et la niece ufTent efte, et le common anceftre uft de\ ie,

et un eftrange uft abate, la tante et la niece ferroient mis a lour briet de " Droit " pur le joint

title que ils avoient, car Ley ne voile fuffrir eux a feverer unques ou ilz point joindre per afcan

voye, &c. Et pur ceo le Statut ordone que ils poient joindre en Aifife de "Mort d'anceftcr"

&c. Mes or fi deux coparceners font dilTeifis et un ad iflue et devie, la tante et la nii ce ne

purront or joindre : mes fi ils purront joindre per afcun meane, ils feront coarftes de joindre,

&c. et iflint quant a cele entente ne fera mifchief de ceft part, cVc. F.t ouftre, quant a', ceo

que eft dit que poit eftre que touts les damages font levies des biens celuy qui porte :Ceft

Attaint, et pur ceo il fera reafon de doner a luy un Attaint fole ; car fi fon compagnon lera

nome ove luy, et ils ii fuiront avant, et le faux ferment foit trove ; or il fera reftore, et

. • • 1

recover[a] &c. ou il ne perde rien ; le quel eft dit que il fera grande inconvence, et grand

mifchief a cefty envers qui I'execution fuit fait ; et Sir, a ma entent il ne fera pas illint : car
jeo entende que n'eft inconvenient que un aura adion que fuppofe un, et que il recovera
autrement. Come en cas fi deux coparceners foient d'un reverfion, et lour tenant a terme de
vie fait waft, et puis un des parceners ad iffue et devie, et le tenant a terme de vii. fait autre-
fois waft, et la tante et le niece portent brief de waft jointment, car ils ne poient fevjrer, et

of Sir yo/in Fo?'tefciie. 63

fame tort, notwithftanding that the aftion is perfonal, the nonfuit of the one fhall not be a
nonfuit except for himfelf, and the other fliall fiie on ; or if one releafes, it fhall not be a
bar for the other. As it two bring " Audita querela," the nonfuit of one fhall only be a
nonfuit tor him folely ; and neither fliall his releafe bar any but himfelf, becaufe they are
forced by law to join, and the caufe of the aflion has not accrued by their aft, and no
default is in them, &c. The fame law holds if two or three are condemned and in execution,
and they have a releafe from the plaintiff, and they all fue a " Scire facias " agaiiifi: the plaintiff
on the fame releafe, although one wifhes to be nonfuited and will not fue, rtill the other
fhall fue on. And the fimc law will hold in a writ of " Debt " brought by executors, and in a
writ of " Rightful (hare of goods " brought by two ; although one will not fue, the other
fhall fue on ; and flill all the actions are merely perfonal ; but inalniuch as they are forced
by law to join, and no default is in them, and the caufe of the ac'tion did not accrue by heir
aft, but by the aft of the law, &c., tlie law is favourable to them ; for if one will not fue,
the other ihall fue on. And fo in tliis cafe the falfe oath and the judgment given thereon
is a tort done to them jointly ckc, by the law &:c., and not by their aft ; whereon they
mufl: join in Attaint; and although one will not lue, the other Hiall iue on, &c. But if
debt be due to two by reafon of a contraft or bond, or if two jointly have caufe for an
aftion of Trefpafs, in fuch aftion the nonfuit of the one will be the nonfuit of both, or the
releafe of one fhall bar both; becaufe it was their own aft and folly that they took, a joint
eftate, or that they took fuch a bond, &c. And alfo I think that in all cafes where
two or three have a caufe of aftion jointly, they n\\.\\\. not fever ; for at Common Law, if
there had been aunt and niece, and the common ancellor had died, and a ftranser had
abated, the aunt and the niece would be put to their writ of " Right," tor the joint title
which they had; for law will never allow them to lever where they can in any way join, 6cc.
And, therefore, the fhitute now ordains that they can join in Affize of " Mordanceflor,"
&c. But if two coparceners be diffeiled, and one has iilue and dies, the aunt and the niece
fhall not join; but if they can join in any way, they fhall be forced to join, &c. : and lo I
hold that there will not be mifchiet on this point, &:c. And befides, as to is fiid that
perhaps all the damages are levied on the goods of the one who brings this Attaint, and
therefore it will be right to give him an Attaint fmgly, becaufe if his companion ihould be
named with him, and they two ihould fue on, and the falic oath fhould be found, then he
fhould be rellored and fliould recover, &c., whereas he lofes nothing ; which is given as an
inftance of the great inconvenience, and great milchief to tlie one againlt whom the exccuti<ai
was made; Sir, in my opinion it will not be fo ; for I think that it is not inconvenient th it
one fhall have an aftion which fuppofes one thing, and that he fhall recover otherv/ife. As m
a cafe where there are two coparceners of a revcrfion, and the tenant for life commits waffe,
and then one of the parceners has iffue and dies, and the tenant for life again commits walle,
and the aunt and niece bring writ of " Warte " jointly, for they cannot fever ; the writ of

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64 Rcpo?-ts of the yiidgDictits^ etc.

f". -3 I'- le brief de waft eft general, et uiicore lour recoverie fera r[iecial : car la tante rccovera treble
damages pur le waft fait auxibicii en la vie (on parcener come apres, et la niece ne recove/a
damage forfciue pui- le wail: fait apres la mort fa mere, et le lieu wafte ils recoveronc joint-
ment, iSrc. b't melme le Ley, fi homme ad ift'ue deux files, et devie feifi de certeine terre,
et un eftranger abate; Et puis une des files ad ilTue ij files, et devie, et la tante et Ics ij files
vont a porter Aftife de " Mort d'anceftor," icy fi la tante recovre le moitie de la terre et
damage del mort la anceftre, et les nieces recoverent chel'cune d'eux le moitie de la moitie de
la terre, et damages de la mort le mere, uncore le brief eft general. Et mefme le Ley fera,

Online LibraryJohn FortescueThe works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) → online text (page 79 of 87)