John Fortescue.

The works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) online

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and afl<;ed their opinion.

"The faid Lords fpintual and temporal, not intending to impeach or hurt the hberiies
and privileges ot them that were coming for the commerce of this land to this prelent
parliament, but legally after the courie of law to adminilfer juftice, and have knowledge what
the law will weigh in that behalf", opened and declared to the Juftiees the premifes, and afked
of them whether the fiid Thomas 'Idiorpe ouglit to be delivei'ed fVom [irilon l)y, for, and in
virtue of the privilege of parliament or no ? ' To the whole quellion,' fays the report, ' the
Chief Juifice Fortefcue, in the name of all the Juilices, after fad communication and mature
deliberation had amongft them, anfwered and fiid : that they ought not to anfwer that
queltion ; for it hath not been ufed aforetime that the Juftiees fhouki in any wife determine
the privilege ot this high court of parliament ; for it is fo high and fo mighty in its nature,
that it may make law ; and that that is law it may make no law \ and the determination and
knowledge of that privilege belongeth to the Lords of the parliament, and not to the Juitices."

" In confequence of this decifion, the two Houfes of Parliament were for many ages allowed
to be the exxlufive judges ot their own privileges; liberty of fpeech and freeeiom of inquiry
were vindicated by them ; the prerogatives of the Crown were retrained and defined ; and
England was faved from fliaring the fate of the monarchies on the Continent ot luirope, in
which popular aflemblies were cruHied by the unrefilfed encroachments of the executive
government.

" What acquaintance Fortefcue had with equity we have no means of knowing ; but it is
clear that he was not a mere technical lawyer, and that he was familiar with the general
principles of jurifprudence.

" As a writer his ifyle is not inelegant, though not free from the barbarilm ot the fchools;
and he difplays fentiments on liberty and good government which are very remarkable,
confidering the fierce and lawlefs period when he flourillied.

' Thorpe's cafe, 31 Htn. VI, a. n. 1451. 13 Hrp O3 1 llatlcll 2y. Lord CimpbLllV S|)CLches, 225.



■:L'a



r



52 Life of Sir John Forte [cue.

" F^is principal treatife has been celebrated not only by lawyers, but by fuch writers as
Sir Walter Raleigh, and not only by Englifhrnen, luit by foreign nations.'

" Notwithftanding his tardy fubinifrion to the Houfe or" York, he is to be praifed for his
confilkncy as a politician. Unlike the Earl of Warwick and others, who were conilantly
changing fides according to interelt or caprice, he iteadily adhered to the IJoufe of Lancalkr
until it had no true reprefentative, and the national will had been llrongly exprelTed in'
favour of the legitimate heir. We mull: indeed regret the tyranny of Edward, who would
not generoufly pardon him on account of his fidelity to his former mailer; but has com-
pliance with the arbitrary condition impofed upon him fliould be treated with lenity by
thofe who have never been expofed to fuch perils."



Chnnccllor Kent's Caiiffs



yippejidix. 53



APPENDIX A.

Patttit Rolls, 21 Hen. VI., Pt. 2, No. 34 (l2 February, 1443). i

Pro JoHANNK FoRTESCiiK ft aliis de Conhrmacione.

py/S\yMNIBUS ad quos etc. lalutem. Infpeximus quandam cartam indentatam dilecStorum
\ w"JV/^ ""'''^ '" Chrifh) Ricardi nuper Prioris domus loci d£l de Henton ordinis Cartufi nrium
ip^'p^^^^l et ejufdcm loci conventus faiftaiii in hcc verba: Sciant prefentes et tuturi qu'.d nos
Ricardus Prior domus loci dct. de Henton ordinis Cartulicnl'ium et ejufdeni loci conventus dedinius
conceirimus et hac prefenti carta noftra indentata conhrmavimus Johanni Fortefcu et Ilabelle uxori
ejus ac Margerie que fuit uxor Johannis Jamys matri predidte Ifabelle totum illud meiluagium in
villa de Philippes Norton in quo predidta Aiargeria modo inhabitat cum curtliagio et gardino eidem
mefuagio adjacentibus prout eadem curtilagio et gardinum muris lapideis includuntur, necnon totum illud
mefluagium cum gardino et crofto eidem melluagio adjacentibus I'cituatuni ad tinem auftralem ville
predidte que Johannes Boucher jam ad voluntatem noftram occupat ac eciam totum croftum noftrum
vocatum Bennettis-crofte et quatuor acris terre in campo aullrali et quatuor acras terre in campo boriali
predictc ville prout eidem otto acre terre metis et bundis de novo hxis limitantur cum omnibus portis
afiamentis et communi pafture in campis et palturis noftrisficut tenentes meiluagium predi£torum ante
hcc tempora ad voluntatem noltram vel predeceiiurum noitrorum melius et liberius habuerunt et occu-
paverunt, ac cum omnibus aliis pertinentiis I'uis, habendum et tenendum omnia preditla m-.-iluagia
curtilagia gardina crofta et terram una cum portis viis afiamentis communi pallure et omnibus aliis
pertinentiis prediilis prefatis Johanni Fortefcu et Ifabelle uxori fue ac prefate Margerie et heredibus
mafculis de corporibus predi£torum Johannis Fortefcu et Ifabelle legitime exeuntibus imperpetuum.
Reddendo inde annuatim nobis et lucceiToribus noltris tres decern folidos et quatuor denarios ad fella
pafche, Nativitatis fcT Johannis Baptiilc, fcT A'lichaelis Archangeli et Nativitatis Domini per equales
porciones folvendos pro omni fervicio, exatlione et demanda, et ii contingat eofdem Johannem Fortelcu
et Ifabellam obire fine herede mafculo de corporibus fuis exeunte legitime omnia predidta mefuagia
curtilagia gardina crofta et terra cum portis viis afiamentis communi pafture et omnibus aliis perti.i-
entiis predittis poit mortem A'largerie ad nos et fuccellores noftros Integra revertantur. In cujus rei
tellimonium tam nos figillum noltrum commune quam predicti Johannes Fortefcu, Ilabella et Alarzeria,
figilla fua partibus hujus carte indentate alternatim appoi'uimus. Hiis tertibus Johanne Longe cl :rico,
Redtore de Norton, predida, Johanne Svvyfte, Patricio Warmonger, Johanne 'I'roys, Johanne I yflier
et aliis. Data in domo noftra capitulari apud Henton die Martis proxime poll feftum I'ci Hillarii anno
regni Regis Henrici fexti poft conqueftum decimo nono. Nos autem tam cartam prediiSlam ac omina
et fingula in eadem carta contenta quam ftatum et polTelTionem ipforum Johannis I'ortelcu, Ilabelle
et Margerie in meffuagiis curtilagiis gardinis croftis viis afiamentis et communis preditlis quos virtute
ejufdem carte et liberacionis feifme eis per eandcm cartam per predictum nuper Priorem tatte adepti



mA'jS]






54



I^ijc of Si?' yo/j?2 Fo/-/t'/a



lunt, ut dicitur, rata habcntes ct grata ea pro nob s ft hercdibiis noltrib quantum in ncibis eit acceptamus,
approbamus ac prctatis fohanni 1' ortclcu tt Kabcllt,- ct dictij^ licrcdibus nialculis dc curporibus Uiis
cxL-untibus nccnon jirctatc Margeric ad tcrniinum vitc lue tenorc prclcaciuni tunct-'dinius ct conlirma-
viuius pnuit carta predicta rationabilitcr tclhitur. Et ultcrius de ubcriori gratia nolha conccllimus
pro nobis et heredibus iiollri> prcdictis quantum in nobis clt cildcin Jobanai I'ortelcu llabcUe et
Margerie quod ipii omnia ct iingula prcdiihta mcluagia curtila<_:ia g.irdina crotta ct tcrram cum portiis
viis afiamentis conimuni palturc ct omnibus aliis pertinentiis prcdiitis habeant ct tciicant eib ct di(5lis
heredibus mafculis dc corporibus i>rcdictorum Johannis Fortefcu et Ifabellc cxcuntibus pel redditum
predium in forma predi6ta fupradiiila ablquc impcticione i"u c impcdinicnto nollri vcl hcrcdum
nollrorum fulliciariorum, Efcaetorum, vicecomitum, coronatorum ant aliorum ballivorum (cu minii-
trorum noih'orum vcl heredum noltrorum quorumcunquc co quod domus live prioratus prcdiitus de
tundacionc progcnitorum iioltrorum abcujus aut aHcujus progenitoris nollri de nollrc prioratu cxittit
feu CO quod tencmenta prediiila inter alia data t'uerunt et concclla domui lupradic o live priori ct
convcntui ejul'dem loci pro tempore exitlentibus et fuccelloribus luis per aliqucm piogcnitorum aut
antecellorum noltrorum in liberam puram et perpctuam elemofinam, vel ad aliqua divina leu aba
lervicia fullinenda vel facienda feu eo quod eadem tenementa de nobis tenentur m capite non obltan e.
In cujus, l\'c. T. R. apud Weitmonafterium xij die Februarii.

Per ipl'um Regem et de data predic1:a auftoritate parliamenti.



APPENDIX B.



Inqti'ifition upon Attainder of iiK John Fortescue, K>it., 4 Nruonber^ 7 Eclw. IF. (1467).

Taken May 20, 1468, at Amell)ury, Wilts.

ri/paNQUISICIO capta apud Ambrefbury in Comitatu Wiites-, vicefimo die A'laii Anno r^rgni
7W^ regis Edwardi quarti octavo, coram 'I'homa Noreys, Efcaetore dicli domiiii rcgij in
^^^fei-/>ta comitatu prediclo virtute otHcii lui per facramentum '1 home Eyre Johannis Knyght,
WiUelmi Floure, Johannis Lavyngton, Johannis Welion, Johanms Noton, Juhannis Philij)pe,
Johannis CoUcs, Johannis Raynold, Johannis Dcre, Juhannis 15ys .... 1 home I'ynkcncy,
juratorum, qui dicunt fuper lacramentum fuum c]uoJ Johannes Fortelcue miles qui aucloritate
cujufdam AiStus in Parliamento diiili domini . . . apud Wcltmonallerium quarto die Novembris
Anno regni lui primo tento, cditi, inter alios de alta prodicione erga eundem dominum llegem nunc
perpetrata, attinctus . . Icifitus in doininico luo ut de feodo quarto die Alartii Anno regni

ejurdem regis primo et poltea de uno meluagio et ceiuum et quadraginta acris terrc rum p rtinentiis in
Kyngfton L^everell in Comitatu prediiSto que valet per annum ultra reprilas xl s. Ac de quinque
mefuagiis in Trowbrigge in Comitatu prediclo ac dc dimidia vngata tcrre in Hilpcrton in Comitatu
prediclo que valent per annum ultra reprilas xx s' ac dc redditu novcm lolidorum annuatim perci-
piendos de uno tenemento in iMadford in Comitatu prcdi^to cum rcvercioiie dicti tcnementi poll
mortem Roberti Brugge et Alicie u.xtiris ejus qui quidem Roliertus ct Alicia habcnt llatum dc



■ {:



Appendix. 55

prcdiflo tenemento ad terminum vice eorum ex dimiirK)iie diiSti Johanuis Fortcfcu et Ilabcllc uxoris
ejus ante prcdiiituni quarluin dieiii Alarcii ac ultcrius dicunt quud Idem Johaniicb Foicelcu hut
Icifitus in dominico fuo ut de teodo eodem quarto die Marcii et poftea de tribus meluagiis et quatuor
jcris terre cum pertineatiis in Chippenham in eodeni (..'umitatu que valent per annum ultra reprifas
xij'. ac de dimidia virgata terre cum pertinentiis et ieptem folidatas redditus cum pertinentiis in
Sutton in eodem Comitatu que valent per annum ultra reprifas x\ t,t ultcrius dicunt quod Johannes
Brian omnia et lingula exitus et proticua meluagiarum, terrarum et tenementurum predittorum a
predicto quarto die Marcii dicto Anno primn ulque capcionem hujus Inquilicioiiis provenientcs, habuic
el percepit t|uo titulo isiiiorant. In cuju^ rei teltimoniuni huic Inquilicioni tam prediclus Klcaetor
quam Juratores predicli hgilhi (ua alteriiatim appolueruiit. Die loco et anno lupradiitis.

Attached to this is an Inquilition taken at Cirenceiter, 4 Nov., 7 Edw. IV.



■rH£ ENlJ.



■■t )-■



THE WORKS OF



SIR JOHN FORTES CUE, KNIGHT,



LORD CHANCELLOR TO KING HENRY
THE SIXTH.



' f'.



DE TITULO EDWARDI COMITIS MARCH I/E



BY SIR JOHN FORTESCUE, KNKiHT.



WITH A TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH



BY THE REVEREND WILLIAM STUBBS,



KLGlUb PROFtibUR OF MOUCKN HIbTOKV IN lilt
U.NIVfiKbll 1 OF OXFORU.



^' &^^ f€'^^^ HIS treatifc, now printed for the firft: time, is one of feveral efTays



]j^*d^ i'l which, after the fli<i;ht of Henry VI. to Scotland, Sir John Fortefcue,
- ^iSn) who Aiared his exile there, laboured to difcredit the claim of Edward IV.
((0Lndi. to the crown of England which the vidory at Towton had fecfred to
i^^^S^^S.li^=^ him. It was brought to light by the refearch of Mr. Alfred Horwood
when examining Lord Calthorpe's colleftion of manufcripts for the Hiftorical Manulcripts
Commifiion in the year 1870, too late to be included in the edition of Fortefcue's
Works which appeared in the previous year. There is no other copy known to exift,
nor do the lifts of his works which I have met with contain any name with which
the prelent trad: can be identified. The fragments of the " Defenfio Juris Dunuis
Lancai-fria;," although they clofely refemble it, being evidently portions of a different
work.

In the " Declaration on Certain Writings fent out of Scotland," where F'ortefcue, in
fulfilling the condition of his pardon, is obliged to repeat his former arguments in
order to refute them, nearly all the points here put forward may be recognized. The
aftual writings to which he refers would feem, however, to have been in Engllfh,
excepting one diflinguifhed from the reft as " the Latin Boke," by which laft the " De
Natura Legis Natunc " is intended. That this is fo is fhown by internal evidence, a
paffage quoted in the Declaration as from " the forfaid Latin Boke " being found m
the fecond part of De Natura.' From a fentence at the end of the Introduftion we
learn that the fame fubjecft had already been treated by the Author at greater k ngth
in an Englifli work, of which nothing is known to the Editor. .. '

The manufcript before us forms part of Lord Calthorpe's colleftion, and is included
in a folio volume marked MSS. Yelverton, N. 69. It occupies eight folios and a



See Declaraiion, p. 534, line 10, and De Natura, part ii. p. 140, at bottom,



.■,vV






62* De titulo Edwardi Co/nitis Marchicc.

half of foolfcap size, and is very regularly written in handwriting of the i6th century.
It is headed I. H.S.N. R.I. In a chronological arrangement of I''ortcfcue's writings this
takes an early place among thofe now extant.

I take this opportunity to exprefs my very warm thanks to thofe by whofe great kind
nefs I have been enabled to prefent this work to my readers, namely, Lord Calthorpe,
Mr. Alfred Horwood, and the Reverend Profeflbr Stubhs. To the firll for entriiiting
me with the valuable iVlS., to Mr. Horwood as well for his early ii\formation of its
difcovery, as for making the copy, and to ProfefTor Stubbs for the Englifh tranflation. PC]

ig//? January^ 1877. i



DE TITULO EDWARDI COMITIS MARCHI/E.



INTRODUCTIO MATERIA.

v'^li'CI'^'^V^^) ''"ft'g^"^'^ humani generis Inimico, vefana rabie per bella inteftina

h^^^^^M^ non paucis extindris regni Anglia; proceribus, difcentiones ct fcifmata

yV circa jus regia; Majcftatis ad Coronam Anglia: exorta fint, fuccurrei dum

p* hiis efle oportunum permaxime et neceflarium putavit non mediocris pru-

§i^ dentin et virtutis miles quidam nobilis et legum expertiflimus exulantis

i^d;7^% more apud Scotos in fua iidelitate ad Chriftianinimum regem Anglia;
Henricum Sextum perfeverans. Et quum ejus illuftrium Dominorum, (eorum prsecipue
quos fanguis regalis venuftifTirne exornans nobilitavit,) afliftentia feu confilio, non aufus eft
de vero jufto et indubitato titulo iUuftrilTimi et Chriftianiffimi regis Henrici predifti ad
Coronam Anglis difceptare, iplum ve difputare, declarare fortifTimum, feu mediis ut potuit
veriffunum ac indubitatiffimum demonftrare, jure ne idem faciat fub graviffima pena pro-
hibitus, fubvenire tamen lapfis et errantibus fe poffe exiftimat, fi faltem pretenfum Edwardi
nuper Comitis Marchi^E titulum minus verum effe, et ipfum Edwardum non regem legitimum
Anglias led ufurpatorem folum effe regiae Dignitatis rationibus inevitabilibus demonftrarit,
habeantque per eum fideles hunc non tam brevem quam utilem codicem ad (ux fidclitatis
augmentationem conftantiam et defenfionem, removeat item a fimplicibus pufiHis fcandalum
offenfionis, cum Veritas ipfis patefiat qui juris et veritatis rei prius erant ignari, cognofcant
infuper agnitas veritatis oppugnatores expugnatam efle exprefle falfitatem fuam ; quod quidem
apertius evidentiiifque videbunt fi codicem ilium originalem qui de hiis latius continet in
vulgari fcriptum perlegcrint.

Cap. I.

Defcenfits diHi Edwardi per quern titulum preteiidit ad coronam Anglid- Jequitur.
^^DWARDUS ipfe fuit filius Richardi, filii Anna;, filia; Rogeri, filii Philippa, ut




afll-ritur, filiae Lionelli fratris fei\ioris Johannis de Gaunt patris regis Hearjci
^la^v^ quarti, a quo Henricus quintus, a quo Henricus Sextos ; proximufque ut heres
legittimus Richardi fecundi nuper regis Anglias, filii principis Edwardi primogeniti Edwardi
tertii regis Anglias, etiam patris ipforum Lionelli et Johannis, vendicat fibi jus quod i^retendit
ad Coronam Anglias.



.,! -O'






De titulo Edward i Cotnitis Marchice.



65^




Anglia; fuccederet efficaciter voluit, et ordinavit, in prrejudicium, fi ipfa Margareta heres
fuifTct, legitfimorum hcredum ab didlo Ednuindo Rege per JNhirgaretain Malcolini uxorcm
defcendcntium ; fed ilta putare, feu diccre iiefas clt ; quare ncc vcruni clt ex quo irta
fequuntur.

Cai". IV.

Secundum exemplmn de geflis ^-luglorum pojl Conquejlum.

' TEM, unica proles Henrici Primi regis Anglian diifta Matilda, primum Imperatori
data in conjugem ac poll mortem ejus maritata Comiti Andegavia?, peperit eidem
Comiti filium nomine Henricum. Use Matilda, mortuo patre fuo Henrico rege,
paciflce fibi in Ducatunt Normannia; fucceirit ; non tamen ipfa, ut filius luus Henri :us, in
regno Anglian Henrico Primo avo luo immediate fucceflit, jure et confuetudine obftartibus :
eo quod mulieribus earum maritis feu liberis prstextu tituli muliebris, ut predicitur, ad jus
regnl et Coronas fucceifio interclufa erat ; omniumque cuftantias non mediocres cum omni
diligentia fecerat et labore, ut filium fuum Henricum prout proximum de fanguine Henrici
primi' acciperent in regem, quod etiam ipfum per modum eleftionis fxcere noluerunt, ne ad
Coronam Anglias fe intitulatura dixiflet jure mulieris ; fique nullum heredem per lineam
mafculinam recipere potuerunt, defcendentem potius quam titulo mulieris aliquem acciperent,
propter inconvenientias qua; exinde fequerentur ; jure eleftionis et non aliter, ex communi
alTcnfu procerum et populi,Stephanum Comitem de Bloys, filium fororis didi Henrici Primi,
in Regem fuum acceperunt, qui regnavit oftodecim annis et ultra, ufque fcilicet ad finem vits
fua;. Qui tamen Stephanus, mortuis duobus filiis fuis, cum confenfu Procerum et Populi in
Parliamento libere per eum convocatorum, flatuit et ordinavit, quod, poflquam ipfe mortuus
fuerit, fuccederet fibl Henricus filius Imperatricis, non titulo matris fua;, qui nullus erat, fed
eledlione Baronum et populi in Parliamento ; quod, non fucceffionis jure, fed Parliament!
authoritate, ipfe et filii fui fucceffores fui mafculi pro perpetuo regnarent, ne aliquo pado
contra jura et confuetudinem Anglic aliquem per mulierem ad jus Corona; Angliit intitu-
larent.

Cap. V. '■:

Confirmatur idem per legem Angl'ue in confimili caju.

^TEM, per jura regni Anglia;, fi pofTefiio aliqua, terras portio, vel tenementuni
aliquod donetur alicui viro et heredibus mafculis ab eo ciefcendentibus; dato, ( uod
fi cui fic datur hujufmodi dominium efTent duo filii, quorum fenior habuerit fiiiam
et ipfa filium, tunc, mortuo viro, cui terra; hujufmodi portio vel tenementum, ut prasfertur,




1 The text here is corrupt.



:l'"';vA






66*



De titulo Echvaf^di Comitis Marchue.



donabatur, et mortuis progenito tt filia ejus, vivente filio mulieris, filius junior iftius cui
Dominium fie datum fuit, lia-res erit ejufmodi Dominii, ct mafculi ab eo dcfccndcntcs, et non
filius fceminae, pro tanto quod mulier nullum jus habere poterit in tali hjereditate, et
fecundum jura. "Nemo potefl plus juris transferre in alium quam fibi competere dinofcatur."



Cap. VI.

Confinnatur item per fimile jus hi regnis Franciar, et etiam Hifpani^, quorum reges,ficut reges

yhigli^e^ ab antiquo ungebantur.

^^TEM in regno Francis {\ aliquis ad regalia intitularetur per feminam, ali is
j^ defcendifTet jus coron:e Francis: ad regem Navarria;, et confin ili titulo alias .id
^^a Comitem Flandria-, et poft confimili jure ad regem Anglii-, fuut liquido claret
Cronicas Francorum perlegenti ; per cujufmodi titulum longo tempore jus tale fibi vendica-
vermt nonnuUi reges Anglin; ad Coronam Francias, ufque ad tempora Henrici Quinti qui,
comperto clare nullum jus fibi ex femina potuifTe competere titulo mulieris, coram CI arolo
rege Francis et regni proceribus, tacftis facrofancftis, juravit fe nullo paclo vivente CI arolo
prsdidto fe regem Francis vocari faceret feu proclamaret, quoad potuit permitteie, lulum
nomine regentis Francia; et Meredis prsdifti Charoli ad coronam Francis contentut, qui,
dufta filia regis prsdicfti, authoritate Farliamenti faftus eft et eleftus heres Charoli ad
Coronam Francis ad legittime fibi in regno Francis fuccedendum ; virtute cujus tituli e non
virtute defcenfus a muliere de domo Francis, rex notkr Chrifiianifiimus Jlenricus Sextu;, poft
mortem patris fui Henrici Quinti et Charoli prsdifti, Parifiis in regem F-ancis ui ge utur
et folemniter coronabatur. Confimiliter et Dux Lancaftris et Dux Eborum, qui filias Petri
quondam regis Hifpanis duxerunt uxores, jus habuifTent ad Coronam Mifpaniav fi per
muheresjus aliquod accrcfceret maritis feu eorum liberis ad regalia regni illius.



Cap. VII. ; I

Inconveniently qu^ Jequerentur dato oppojito. :

|TEM, fi per muliercm jus aliquod ad regalia Anglis marito mul.^eris vel liberis
fuis accrefceret, fequerentur multa inconvenientia qus in original recitantur, de
quibus pauca hie inferuntur, quia dato quod, dcficiente regi Ang'is filio, efTent
fibi plures fills, per eas vel earundem liberos feu maritos fieret divifio Monarclis in plurima
regna. Item fi imperatori feu regi mortis fus tempore eflet fibi unica proles fcemin:: statis
trium dierum, tantum regnum hujufmodi deftitueretur rege five impcratore, ad minus ufc|ue
ad statem feptem annorum mulieris; cum mulier rex efie non poterit nee fupremum regimen




De titulo RckvaT'di Couiitis Ma7xhuv. 67*

ill ternporalibus fupcr virum fibi ullo modu compctere viilehit, cui a Domino didum eft,
" Qiiod.imodo eris Aib poteftatc \'iri et iple dominahitur tui." l'o(K|uam quidciii Icptcin
aiinorum a^tatcm, licet hujufmodi mulieri contrahere fponfalia, quibus contraiflis et in facie
L'.cclelii' folemiiitur publicatis, vel ut jura volunt in cafibus confimilibuSj adhuc fponius hujuf-
modi ex tali contradu folemni nee poterit dici vere rex, neque non rex, quoad idque mulier
hujufmodi ad pcrfertam a,'tatem pervenerit, et fic regnum toto medio tempore ftaret in fuf-
jienfo fine fupremo gubernatore, et res publica periclitaretur, pr;i;ter multa alia inconveiiientia
qux' ex hoc contingere pofiint : vel fi per hujufmodi fponfalia intitularetur hujufmodi maritut,
in regno hujufmodi, et effet vere rex per hujufmodi mulierem, tunc cum ad perte(!-l:am
a;tatem mulier pervenerit, et nollet ipfa ftare priori contradui, fed cum alio contraxerit, ec ah
CO cainaliter cognita fuerit, ex folo tali beneplacito mulieris deperditur primo defpon^ato jus '
ad regalia, et fic prius non rex rex, et prius rex abfque fuil culpa fit non rex, quae videntur
abfurda maxime fi loquamur de regibus undis, cujuiniodi funt reges Angli;e Franci:i; et Hif-
panix', qui trcs folum ut pra:dicitur olim ungebantur. Eft pofitio quod mulier talis noluerit
difponfari uf(]ue ad tricehmum vel quadragefimum annum ;t-tatis luie, per totum illud tempus
regnum eiTet rege deftitutum ; quod ^\ incola; regni aliquem alium medio tempore in regem
afiumjiferint, ipfa poftea defponfata et habente filium, cedet prior elecflus a populo ciefponfato
mulieris vel ejus hlio, quod eft ridiculum. Item mortuo rege marito hujuimodi mulieris
expedaret interim regnum fine fupremo gubernatore per totum tempus viduitatis fuie, forte
ufque ad tempus decern vel viginti annorum, feu amplius ad votum mulieris. Item, fi cafte
viveret mulier per totum tempus vita fua", regnum rege careret et periclitaretur ab hoc
refpublica regni. Item cum coadlio fit contra naturam contracflus, tam ex lege divina quam
humanfi, mulier ex eletlis poteft libere fibi aliquem fponfum afiumere, qui ipfmi cognofcendo
rcddet matrimonium hujufmodi confummatum et indiflx^lubile, et ita hujufmodi mulier afili-
mere fibi pofiet in virum vilem aliquem in genere et virtute infimum, fervum vel nativum
alicujus incol;^^ regni, faciendo fervum dominum fupremum regni ; vel polTet_ defponfari
alicui qui femper inimicabatur incolis hujuimodi regni ad ejus perpetuam fubverfionem, vel
alicui duel vel comiti feu regi alterius regni, qui omnes regni talis proventus ad fe extra
regnum abdudos ibi expenderet, ad hujufmodi regni dcpauperationem et jacluram et intolle-
rabile damnum.

Cap. VIII.

Argumentum contra prefatim titulum prctenjiim Jiiadois Philippaw non fiajfi filiam Lcon'lli.

k,-i( - ' TEM in Cronlcis et hiftoriis Anglia: fit exprefia plana et fpecialis mcntio de
liberis omnibus omnium filiorum Edwardi tertii nuper regis Angli:t patris diiii



Online LibraryJohn FortescueThe works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) → online text (page 8 of 87)