John Fortescue.

The works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) online

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fi trois jointenants font, et un de eux relefe a un autre de fez compagnons, et puis font
dift'eifis, et apres ils portent Aftife, un recovera lez ij parts en droit, et I'autre la tierce part
accordant, &c., et iftint en ceft cas : car il n'eft inconvenient de faire les ij joindre en Attaint,
mes iffint foit que execucion de tout [foit] fait d'un : car quand le Grande Jury vient, et ont
trove le faux ferment, le Jugement fera que reftitucion loit fait accordant a la p ,Tte et greve par
matter monftre a les Juftices, come iera en les autres cales que j'ay mis, et ni^-nt accord a
I'ufer de lour adion. Et ifiint me femble que fera granule miichiet et inconvenience Vils
feront fufferts aver feverals adions de Attaint : et de I'autre part s'ils foient coardes de
joindre, ne fera nul mifchief ne inconvenience ; et iftint me femble que ils doivent joinc re,
&c. Marrha.m : Ouy, Sir, il fera grand miichief, et ceo jeo proveray : car s'ils joindront
en attaint, et furent a iflue per covin entre le defendant et le compagnon de celuy or plaii tif
ne fera unques plein Enqueft pris : car fi le defendant voile challenger im de la Grand Juiie,
par aventure par covin le compagnon celuy or plaintif voile challenger mefiiie le Jurror, il
fera treit ; et ift'mt ils purront t'aire lie touts, et par tiel vole il ne fera imques plein l''.nque1:;
le quel fera grand mifchief pur celuy or plaintif, &:c. JFOCtCfCllC \ Mefme le mifchief pou\ es
mettre en touts cafes ou il y ad ij ou plufors plaintifs ou demandants, fcavoir, v.n dez pi. int fs
ou demandants, et le defendant ouftre voille challenger par covin entre eux ; jeo di en tiel cas
les autrez plaintit's ou demandants peuvoir prier que foit enquis le quel ceo challenge foitjfait
par collufion ou nemy : et fi foit trove que il foit tait par collufion le challenge fervira de rien,
&c., nient obftant il fera jure, et iftint lez parties ne feront a nul mifchief: et pur ceo a'ma
entente il fera coard a joindre. Car fi Aftife loit porte vers deux ; que traveilent le point
de rAfi'iie, et un eft trove difleifor, et Tauter eft acquite de la difteifin come un, et trove ilii"-
feifor, et I'autie tenant, ivc, or per ccft iermeiit le tenant ad pcrde (on terre: doncjue S\\ voile
fuir Attaint entant que ils troverent im difteilor; jeo di que ils doivent porter ceft Attaint en
lour ambideux nonis; et uncore un fuit acquite de la [diljieifin, mes entant que il ad perde fon
terre, par ceft Verdit its doivent de joindre en ui; Attaint pur eftre reltore. (£/ ride fujiilent



of Sir yohi Fortcfciie. 65

Wafte " is general, and flill their recovery fliall be fpecial ; for the aunt recovers treble f. ^s ''■
damages for the wafte committed as well in the lifetime of her parcener as afterwards, and
the niece iliall recover only damages for the wafte committed after the death of her mother ;
and the place wafted tliey fhall recover jointly, &c. And the finie law holds, if a man has
iilue two daughters, and dies ieifed ot certain land, and a ftranger abates ; and then one of
the daughters has iiTue two daugliters and dies ; and the aunt and two daughters bring an
Aifr/e of " Mordanceftor ;" here the aunt recovers the moiety of the land and damages
from the death of the anceftor, and the nieces recover each of them the moiety of the
moiety of the land, and damages from tlie death of their mother; ftill the writ is general.
And the law is the fame if there are three joint tenants, and one of them releafes to another
of his companions, and they are then difl'eifed, and at'terwards they bring an Aflize ; one
fliall recover the two parts in riglit, and the other the third part, according, &rc. : and fo in
this cafe ; for it is not inconvenient to make the two join in Attaint, even though execution
againft all be done on one ; for when the grand jury come, and they have found the falfe
oath, the judgment fliall be that reftitution be made according to the lofs and injury, by
matter fliown to the Juftices, as it fliall be in the other cafes which I have put, and not
according to tl.e ufer of their aftion. And lb I think that there will be great mifchief and
inconvenience if they fliall be lliffered to have leveral adtions of Attaint : and on the other
hand, if they be forced to join, there will be neither mifchief nor inconvenience ; and fo I
think that they ought to join, ^'c. Markham : Yes, Sir, there will be great mifchief, and
I will prove it ; for if they join in Attaint, and get to an ilTue, by covin between the ;

defendant and the companion of him who is now plaintiiT, a full inquell will never be got ;
for if the defendant wiflies to challenge one of the grand jury, perhaps by covin the com-
panion of him who is now plaintiff wifhes to challenge the fame juror, and he fliall be with-
drawn ; and {^ they will be able to do with all ; and in iuch way a full inqueft will never be got,
which will be a great mifchief to him who is now plaintiff, &c. JfOVtCfCUC .* You can
adduce the fame mifchief in all cafes where there are two or more plaintiffs or demandants ;
to wit, [if] one of the plaintiffs or demandants, and the defendant befides, wifli to challenge
by covin between them ; and I fay that in fucli cafe the other plaintiff or demandant can pray
that inquiry be had whether this challenge be made by collufion or not ; and if it be found
that it is made by collufion, the challenge fliall avail nothing, &c. ; and notwithftanding he
fhall be fworn ; and fo the parties will receive no mifchief; and therefore in my opinion he
will be forced to join. For if an Aflize be brought againlf twd^ who traverfe the points of tin
AiTize, and one is found dilTeifor, and the other is acquitted of the diflcifin (as if one bi . .
found difleifor, and the other tenant, &c.) ; now by this verdift the tenant has loll: his land ,
then if he will fue an Attaint, inafmuch as they found one difleifor, I lay that they mufl bring
this Attaint in both their names ; and fl:ill one was acquitted of tlie difleifin ; but maflnuch
as he has lofl; his land by this verdid, they ought to join in Attaint fo as to be reflored. (See
ir. ■ k



:;. -..'11



■.;!1A



:|1^



66 Rcpoj'ts of the yudgnicnts^ etc.

material)!, An. 8 £. i . en Attaint, <^c. An. 18 diBi Regis, en iin autre Attaint.') Et adiour-
natur. Et puis a un autre jour en Bank le Roy, JfOrtCfCUC agarda le Attaint fur Ic principal
])oint, et abrigca rallignenient de le faux ferment quant a les damages, &c.



De Termino AUchaelis, Anno xxxv. Hen. VI. ,

*• -S 1j. Chocke reherce en I'Efchequer Chambre devant les Juftices de I'un Bank et de I'autre,

et devant les Barons de I'Efcheker, cement un informacion fuit fait pur le Roy en I'Efcheker
per un J. Grimefby, que le Roy a Windfor fuit poflefTe de certein Jewels, et monftra en
certein queux, &c., et les queux furent la en le garde d'un J. gardein de les Jewels n< rre
Seignoir le Roy tie! Jour et An, &c., et les queux Jewels tiel jour et An, <N:c. apres en
Londres en le poflcrtion del Simon Eier devindrent : fur que ilfift proces vers le dit S !'_.. de
refpondre a cell informacion : fur que 11 vient eins et dit, que la Citie de Londi-es eft un
anciene City, et ad efte de temps, &c., deins que le City il y ad tiel cuftome, et ad evv de
temps dont memory ne court, fcavoir que fi alcun home met afcun biens en plege pu alcun
duty (^ciijuJ'ciD.qtte fueri>!t), celuy a qui tielx biens font mis en plege les gardera tai que il
foit paie e latisfie de fon duty, pur que les biens font mis en plege : et dit ouftre, i ue un
T. Ship, fuit polTefle de mefmcs les Jewels a de Londres, et le dit T. mefme le jour que il
fuppofe que les biens devindrent en noftrez main/ a Londres appromptes de le dit Simon
Eier Ix. livres, a paier, &c., et delivra les dits Jewels a le dit Simon en plege jnu- mt Ime le
fomme, &:c., fans ceo que les dits Jewels devindrent en les mains le dit Simon er: afcun
autre mannere: et auxi ditoufter, que le fomme a luy n'efl: uncore paie, &c., la quel mattere,
&c., et demanda Jugement, fi les dits Jewels doit il deliverer nient latisfie et paie, &c. Et
dit oufter per proteftacion que il ne conuil; que le property de mefmes les Jewels fuit en le
Roy: et auxi que les dits Jewels ne fui-ent fignes ove afcun print ou armez noftrel Signior
le Roy, &:c., fur que le Roy ad demurre en Jugement, que ceft pie n'eft pas luffifant, &c.
Et fir, me femble que il n'eft pas fuffifant car cele matter quel il ad plede pur cullome ne
gilTe en cuftome: car il ne puri'a aver bon ccjmmencenient : et auxi il ne puit ellre ove
reafon ; car il allege le cuftome, que fi afcun met alcuns biens en jilege cujujciaiqite Juerint,
les gardera tanque, &c., donques fi ceo cuftome fera bon, jeo purrai niettre t.nits les biens de
monmaiftre jTOttCfCUC, mefque jeo n'avois eux en moii polTellicnTcar il ad : liege le cuftome
general, et n'ad my parle de tiels biens queux il ad en la pofielfion, et ifiii t tout encontre
reafon, et mefque fera entendu de tielx biens que il ad en fa polTefiion, uncore le cuftome ne poit
eftre ove reafon, que home metra lez bienz d'un autre en plege, mes un devile jioit bier,
gifer en cuftome, pur ceo que eftoit ove reafon, entaiit que il purra aver aliene devant, et
f. -20. n'eft en prejudice de nul autre, &c., mes '^\ un cuftome foit, que home purra devifer fa terre



of Sir Joh??. Forte fcuc. 67

fimilar matter, 8 Ed. I., in Attaint, &c. ; i8 of the fame King in another Attaint).

— Adjourned. And then on another day in the Kini^r's Jjcnch, JFOl'tCfCllC awarded the

Attaint on the principal point, and abridged the alignment of the fiHe oath, as to the
damages, &;c.

Alicliiielwas "Term, 35 PI en. VI.
Chock, rehearied in the Exchequer Chamber, before the Juftices of both Benches, and t' ^5 I),
before the Barons ot the Exchequer, how an information was made for the Kins in the
Exchequer by one J. Grimefliy, that the King was pofTerted at Windfor of certain jewels
(and lie fpecified them !xc.), and which were there in the ward of one J., keeper of the
jewels of our Lord the King, fuch a day and fuch a year, &c. ; and which jewels, on fuch
day and )-ear &c., came afterwards, in London, into the poflelTion of Simon Eier ; where-
upon ilTiied procefs againfl; the faid S. E., to anfwer to this information; whereupon he came
and faid, that the City ol" London is an ancient city, and has been from time ixc, in which
city the cullom is, and has been, from time of which the memory runneth not, that if any 1

man puts any goods in pledge for any duty (whofefoever the goods may be), he to wliom fuch
goods are pledged, fhall keep them until he be payed and fatisfied of his duty for which the
goods were pledged; and he faid fin-ther, that one T. Ship, was porfefled of the lame jewels
at London ; and the fiid T., on the fame day that he fuppofes that the goods came into our
pofleHion at London, borrowed of the faid Simon Eier 60/., to be paid &c., and delivered the
faid jewels to the faid Simon, in pledge for the fame fum &'C., without this, that the faid
jewels came into the hands of the faid Simon in any other manner. Alfo he fiid further,
tliat the fum is not yet paid to him, &:c., which matter &:c. : and he prayed judgment
whether lie ought to deliver the f lid jewels without being fitisfied and paid, tvc. And he fiid
further, by proteftation, that he did not know that the property of the fame jewels was in |

the King; and alfo that the (aid jewels were not marked with any print or arms of our
lord the King, &:c. Whereupon the King has demurred, in judgment, that this plea is not '

fufficient, &c. And, Sir, it feems to me that it is not fufficient, for the matter which he
has pleatied for cuftom does not lie in cullom, f(.)r it will not be able to have a good beginning: '

and alio it caiuiot lland with realon ; tor he alleges the cuftom, that if any one place any
goods in pledge, " whufefover the goods may be," he fliall keep them until, i\:c. Then, if
this cuftom is good, I Ihall be able to put [in pledge] all the goods of my mafter jFOVtCfCilC,
although I never had them in my poirellion ; for he has alleged the curtom "^generally, ; nd
has not fpoken of fuch goods as he has in his poflellion ; and fo it is entirely agaiill
reafon ; and although it be underftood as of fuch goods as he has in his pofleflion, llill the
cuftom cannot lland to reafon, that a man fliall put the goods of another in pledge; but a
devife can well lie in cuftom, becaule it is conftftent with realon ; inalnmch as he niicht have
alienated before, and it is not to the prejudice of any other perfon, iN:c. But if there be a f. 26. '



■V: I;



<::\



68 Reports of the Judg/nents^ etc.

taille, ou tiel terre que il ad forfque pur terine de fa vie, ou que \c tenant a terme d'ans
purra devifer ; tiel cuftome ne fera rien a purpos, pur ceo que II eft encontre reafon, et
prejudice de ceux en le revercion. IHlnt eft le eulloine icy en prejudire ceu\ a que le pro-
perty ell; de tielx liiens ; il]lnt le cuftome n'efl: pas hon, &c., et niefque le cultome foit bon
uncore le Roy ne Icra lie per ceo. Car fi home voile prefcriber aver tolle dein^ certein lieu
de chefcun home qui la vient, &c., mefque le Jioy vient illonque il ne paiera, &c. lit auxi
niefme la Ley veut eftre de pontage, &c. Et auxi fi le Roy ad droit a un Lglife, et im
eftranger prefente, et fon Clerk eft inftitute, et indufte, et les vj mois pafles \ uncore Je Roy
ne lera dit hors de pofteftion, mes il prefente a mefme I'Eglife apres aflez bien ; quia nullian
tempiis occurrit Regi ; iilint me femble en ceo cas, mefque le cuftome foit bon entre comens
perfones uncore il ne liera le Roy. E'.t iifuit a ma entente le pie n'eft pas bon, &c.
Billing : A 1' contrary [Hlngesto.v, Laicox, and ot!iers follow.]

f. j8 li. Danbv, a mefme I'entent : Sir jeo entende que ceft cuftome n'eft bon: car ell overtement
encontre reafon, et ne puit gifer en cuftome. Car jeo pofe que le cuftome uft efte allege en
ceo maner, come fi afcun mettra les biens d'un eftranger en plege, ccluy a qui, i^c, le;
gardera; fera ceo bon cuftome.? Jeo die que non : nient plus icy, car il ne purra aver bon
commencement. Et a ceo que eft dit que puit eftre que eft devant temps del memor)' le
Roy grante per autorite, &c., que ceux de Londres auront tiel cuftome, &c., et per tanr le
cuftome lera bon; Sir jeo di que ceo ne fera illlnt entendu ; car fi il aver tiel commencement,
covient a vous aver monftre en voftre pie coment devant temps, &c., le Roy grante, i^c,
et coment tout temps puis ad efte continue, ou autrement le cuftome ne puit eftre bon.
i^Ad quod concejferunt JfOltCfCllC, Prisot, et Haltost.) Iftint me femble que le pie

f- 29- n'eft pas bon, &c Aruen (Chief Baron), a mefi'ie I'entent,

et que ceft cuftome n'eft pas bon. Car jeo entende per mefme le reafon que un pu Ta

f. .>9 b. per ceo cuftome mettre mes biens en plege fur condicion de payement d'mi fomme
d'argent, par mefme le reafon il purra les mettre en plege, a performer afcun autile
condition : donque jeo pofe qiie les biens ufent efte deiivres a le dit defendant fiir
condicion, que celuy qui les mit en plege enfefte le die defendant de fon manoir de Dale;
donque paraventure il ne voile luy enfeoffer : tlonque per ces means le Roy perdra fes
biens maugre fien, &c., et ifaura nul remedy; c.u- les biens font mis en [)Iege fur tiel
condition, que le Roy ne puit performer: car il ne puit luy enfeoffer, et auxibien purra il
mettre en plege fur I'un condition come fur Tauter, ft le cuftome foit bon : le quel n'eft a
ma entente, &c. A autre entente le cuftome n'eft bon: car jeo entende que Le\ ne veut
fuffrir que un purra charger mes biens, ou les biens d'afcun autre, nient phus, que un purra
charger la terre d'un autre. Car jeo pofe que deux joint [tenants] font, et ui charge,
mefque les beftes de fon compagnon alhuit lur la terre; uncore celuv a qui le charge fe fift.



■I.i • ■ . )■






of Sir yo/in Fortcfcue. 69

cuflom, that one fliaH be able to devife his entailed lands, or fuch lands as he has only for f- 26.
the term of his life, or that the tenant for a term of years may devife, fuch cuftom will not
hold good, becaufe it is contrary to reafon, and to the prejudice of thofe in r:;verfion. So
is the cuftom liere in prejudice of thofe in whom the property of fuch goods lies : fo the
cuflom is not good, &c. And although the cuftom were good, ftill the King will not be
bouud by it. For if one will prefcribe to have a toll in a certain place, from each man who
comes there, &c., although the King comes there, he fliall not pay, &c. And alfo the fame
law holds of pontage, &"c. And alfo if the King has riglit to a church, and a ftrangeri
prefents, and his clerk is infliituted and induded, and the fix months pafs, ftill the King
fhall not be faid to be out of poftetlion, but he ihall afterwards prefent to the fame church
with perfect right ; becaufe nullum tenipus occurrit Regi ; fo it feems to me in this cafe, although
the cullom is good between common perfons, ftill it ftiall not bind the King. And fo in my

opinion the plea is not good. Billing: I think otherwile [Henc ston,

Laicon, and others follow.] Danby, to the fame purport: Sir, 1 hold that this cuflom is f; j8 b.
not good, for it is openly againll reafon, and cannot lie in cuftom. For I put the cafe that
the cuflom had been alleged in this manner: {[ any one ftiall put the goods of a ilranger
in pledge, he to whom &c. ftiall keep them, ftiall this be a good cuftom ^ I fay no ; and
no more here, for it cannot have a good beginning. And as to what is faid, that perhaps it
was before time of memory that the King granted by authority, .^'c., that they of London
ftiould have fuch cuftom, &c., and that therefore tlie cuftom fhall be good; Sir, I fay that it
ftiall not be taken fo ; for if it had fuch beginning, you ought to have fliown in your I

plea how before time &c., the King granted &c., and how It had ever fince continued ; or
otherwife the cuftom cannot be good. (To which JFOl'tCfCllC. Piusot, and Ha/rosx

agreed.) So I liold that the plea is not good, &c Ardent (Chief

Baron), to the fame purport, and that this cuftom is not good. l"'or I think that by t, ..g.
the fame reafon that one would be able by this cullom to put my goods in pledge on I
condition of payment of a fum of money, by that fame reafon he would be able to put ''• j^') ^■
them in pledge for the perfoi'mance of any other condition. I'hen fuppofc that the goods
had been delivered to the faid defendant on condition that he who put them in pledge
fhould enfeoff the faid defendant of his manor of Dale ; then perhaps he would not enfeoff
him; then by thefe means the King would lofe his goods in fpite of himfelf, &c., :uid would
have no remedy ; tor the goods are pledged on a condition which the Kmg cannot perform ;
for he cannot enfeoff" him ; and he will be able to pledge ;is well on the one couLiitio 1 as
on the other, if the cuflom is good ; which it is not, in my opinion, &:c. In another way
the cuftom is not good; for I hold that the law will not allow that one ftiall be abl ; to
charge my goods, or the goods of any other, any more than that one ftiall be able to charge
the land of another. For let me iuppofe that there are two joint tenants, and that one of
them charge the land, although the beafts of his companion go on the land, ftill he to whom



-d Lr.'jod



/n ii'O ■■■;-t



JO Reports of the yiidgiiieiits^ etc.

nc puit diftraindre per ceux bedes; entant que il eft encontere rcafon que un chargera autres
biens, ou terres, &c., donques icy ceft cuftome eft genera!, fcavoir, bona J'eti catalla cujuj-
cinique fuerbit, eft expreflenient eiicoiitre reafon : et pur ceo a ma -entente il ne puit giier
eii cuftonie ; et nieique il purra, uiicore le Roy ne fera lie per ceo; iftiiit le pie n'eft bon,
&c. JTOl'tCl'CllC, ^ nielnie I'entente : Et a ceo que eft dit, que fi nies biens foient embles
per un que les vende en marche overte, le propertie n'eft pas altere finon s'il paie telle pur
ceo, &c. Sir, jeo grante bien que ceo eft Ley, et s'il ne paie tolle, jeo purra eux feifir
apres : et ilTuit eft tenu en noftres livers; et uncore ceux de Londres claime de aver overt
marche en chei'cun ftiop le quel Dieu detende : car foit iflint chefcun purra acheter en lour
ftiops privement biens embles; ifllnt que le party n'aura unque temps de prendre fes biens
ou les claimcr; et illint fc-ra fatis remedy; le quel fera grand millhief: donque icy ceo
cuftome et merement encontre reafon, et iilint ne puit gifer en cuftome; et i lefque il purra,
luicore il ne liei'a le Roy : car Roy fera de melior condition que afcun autre perfon en tiels
cafes. Mes en teiant de ion teftament il eft pire que un autre perfon : car il ne dunera
rien finon ceo que il ad en fon poll'cftion et auxi ne puit devilei- nul terre per fon teftamen., t c.
Et ouftre come ad efte dit, fi un home voile prefcriber aver tolle, uncore le Roy ne paii ra
tolle. Et Sir, a ma entent pur un mannere de tolle nul home puit prefcriber de ceo a\ er
come pur "throughe" tolle, mes pur tolle travers on puit aft'ez bien prefcriber; et ifti:it
diverfite. Et fi un doit paier pontage a un autre mefque le Roy luy pardone de pon ag ; ;
uncore il paiera pur le reparation de le pont, &c. Prisot: Ouy Sir, le Roy puit prefcriber
pur "throughe" tolle: car puit eftre que le chcmin Ailt la ordeine per caul'e de tolle.
JFOttCfCUC .' Sir, jeo croy que non ; mes nul autre prefcribera. PLU^que, &c. Et puis
Haltost en I'Efcheker agrea que le Roy fera reftore a fes Jewels. Et ouftre Sir, agari e
un Capias envers le defendant, &c., car bojia, &c.



De 'Teriniiio lUllarii, Anno xxxv. Hen. VI. ■ |

I'- 4i 'j- Aftlfe de " Novel diffeifin" fuit porte en Bank le Roy des terres en le County de Midd.

envers un, qui dit, Aftife ne doit eftre: car il dit que im J. K. fuit fcifi de mefmes Ls
tenements or mis en view, ilx., en fon demefne come de fee, et en enfeoffe un J. T. a a/er
et tenir a luy et a fes heirs a tousjours, per force de quel il t\iit en feifi en fon demefne come
de fee, et iilint feift donna mefmes les tenements a un R. G. et A. fi feme, et a les heirs de
lour ij corps engendres, per torce de quel ils furent ieifis en lour demefne come de tee [taile],
et avoient ilfue, or le dit tenant, et puis le pere devy, et la feme furveiquilt, et di v'-a ; apres
qui mort les dits tenements dei'cenderent a le tenant come a fits et heir de le corps le dit
R. et A. engendres, per force de quel il entra et i'liit leill en fon demefie/:ome de fee tail
per la forme de le done avandit ; et le plaintif enclainiant melnies les tenements per colour



of Sir "JoJin Fortcjcue. 7 1

the chp.rge is made cannot dillrain thofc bealls ; inafniuch as it is againfl: reafon that one
fliall charge another's goods or lands, &c. ; then liere this ciiilom is general, that is, " the
goods and chattels of any one foever," which is exprefsly againll reafon ; and therefore, in
my opinion, it cannot lie in culloni ; and es'en though it did, Hill the King lliall not be
bound thereby : fo the plea is not good, &c. jFoi'tCfCUC> to the fame purport : And as to
what is iaid, that if my goods be ftolen by one who fells them in market overt, the property
is not altered except he pay toll therefore, &c. Sir, I agree that this is law, and if he pay
no toll, I fhall be able to feize them afterwards: and {o it is held in our books; and ftill
they ot London claim to have market overt in every fliop, which God forbid ; for if it
were fo, every one may buy in their fliops, privately, ll:olen goods ; fo that the party fhall
never have time to take his goods or claim them, and fo Hiall be without remedy, which
will be a great mifchief Then here this cuftoni is fimply againll reafon, and fo cannut Jie
in cuftom ; and even if it could, ftill it would not bind the King : for the King fliall be of
better condition than any other perfon in fuch cafes. But in making his teftament, he is
worfe off than any other perfon : tor he can give nothing except what he has in his own
poffeffion ; and alio he cannot devife any land by liis teftament, cMc. And befides, as has
been faid, it a man will prelcribe to have a toll, ftill the King ftiall not pay toll. And, Sir,
in my opinion, for one kind of toll no man can prefcribe, namely, for " toll through;" but
for " toll traverfe" one can well prefcribe; and fo there is a difference. And if one ought



Online LibraryJohn FortescueThe works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) → online text (page 80 of 87)