John Fortescue.

The works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) online

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to pay pontage to another, although the King pardon liim of pontage, ftill he fhall pay
for the repair of the bridge, &c. Prisot : Yes, Sir, the King can prellribe for " through"
toll: for it may be that the road was made there becaufe of the toll. jTCil'tCfCUC .' Sir, I
believe not; but no other Ihall prefcribe. Wherefore, &c. And then Haltoft, in the
Exchequer, agreed that the King ftiould have his jewx-ls reftored. And further, a " Capias"
was awarded againft the defendant, &c., becaufe " goods," &c.

Hilary Term, 35 ITen. VI. ' 1

An Affize of " Novel Diffeifm" was brought in the King's Bench, for lands in the county r. 45 b.
of Middlefex, againft one, who faid that there ought not to be an Aflize ; for he faid that |

one J. K. was feifed of the fame tenements now put in view, &c., in his demefne as of fee, ^

and thereof enfeoffed one J. T., to have and to hold to liim and liis heirs tor ever; by force ,

of which he was feifed tliereof in his demefne as of fee; and being [o feifed, he granted the |

fame tenements to one R. G., and A. his wife, and to the heirs of their two bodies begott jn,
by force of which they were feifed in their demefne as of fee tail, and had iftlie the 'aid
tenant; and then the father died, and the wife furvived and died; after whofe death the :aid
tenements deleended to the tenant as the fon and heir of the bodies of the faiii R. and A.
begotten ; by force of which he entered and was feifed in his demeine as of tee tail, by the
form of the gift aforefaid; and that the plaintiff claiming the fame tenements by colour of ;



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72 Reports of the yuilgnie7its^ etc.

d'un fait de leas fait a lay pur terme de fa vie per I'avandit J. K. devant le feoffement fait
al dit J. T. ou rieii pa/fa, entra ; fur que un John A. Down entra ; fur que le tenant entra;
le quel matter &:c. l-'.t deinaiuhi Jugenicnt, fi Ailife &c. A (|ue L- plaintif dit par pro-
teftation, que il ne conult rien que il dit; pur pie il dit que un J. F. fon pere fiiit feifi de
mefmes les tenements en fon demefne come de fee, et de tiel eftat mouruft feifi; apres qui
mort le dit plaintif come lits et lieirc a luy entra en mefmes les tenements, et en fuit feifi
en fon demelne come de tee tanque par le tenant diffeifi, &C., le quel matter &c. Et
demanda Jugement ; et pria I'Aflife, &c. A que le tenant dit, que long temps devant que
le dit J. F. pere le plaintif, rien avoit en mefmes les tenements, I'avandit J. T. fuit feifi de
mefmes les tenementz en fon demefne come de fee par fefFement, &c., come devant et
iifmt en feifi devant que le pere le plaintif rien en avoit, donna, memes les tenements a
I'avandit K. G. et A. fi femme come devant, &c., par force de quel ils fure^it en feifis le
dit R. G. lefia memes les tenements a iin P. R. de H. a aver et tenir a volo ite, par force
de quel il fuit en polferie, et ifiint poifeiTe de mefmes les tenements enfeoffa le pere le plaintif,
a aver et tenir a luy et a fes heirs a toujours ; per force de quel il fuit en feifi en fon demefne
come de fee, et ilfuit feifi devia feifi vivant les dites R. et fa feme; apres qui mort le dit
plaintit come fits et heir a luy entra, et fuit feifi en fon demefne come de fee ; et puis e
dit R. G. devia, et le dit A. fa feme luy furvefquift, et devia; apres qui mort le tenai t
come fits et heir a's dits K. et A. entra, &c., la quel mattere &c. et pria que le plaintit fo t
barre, &c. A que le plaintif dit que le pere le tenant fuit feifi le mefmes les tenements
en fon demefne come de fee, et en enfeoffa, le pere le plaintiff, a aver et tenir a luy et a fes
heirs a toujours; per force de quel il fuit en feifi en fon demefne come de fee, et ifiint ei
'" 4^- feifi devie feifi; apres qui mort le plaintif come fits et heir entra, et en fui^' feifi en fo i
demefne come de tee, et ifiint feifi tanque per le tenant ditTeifi. Sans ceo que le dit P R.
enfeoffe le pere le plaintif en le maner come il ad fuppole, &c., le quel mattere &c. Et
pria Affife, &:c. Wangford : Sir, me femble que cefte refponfe n'ft bon, entant que il rie
monftre que le pere le tenant enfeoffa le pere le plaintif devant le done en tail ou apres, &c.
JFOrtCfCUC : sir, ceo n'efl: rien a propos ; car il ad traverfe le feoffment fait par le tenani. a
volonte. Et puis le tenant change fon replicacion, et weiva le leas tait a la volonte, et le
feoffment fait per le tenant a la volonte, et dit que fon pere et fa mere furent feifis come
devant par force de le tail tanque diffeifis par le pere le plaintif, et tout ouflre come devant,
&c. A que le plaintif dit, que le pere le tenant fuit feifii en fon demefne come de tee, et
enfeoffa le pere le plaintif en fee, par force de quel il fuit feifi, et devie feifi, et le plaintit
come fits et heir a luy entra, et fuit feifi tanque per le tenant ditTeifi; Sans ceo que le pere



of Sir Jolifi Fortejcuc. 73

a deed of leafe made to him by the aforefaid J. K. before the feoffment made to the faid
J. T., wliere nothing pafied, and entered; whereupon one John Adowne entered; where-
upon the tenant entered ; which matter &c. And he prayed judgment whether an AiTize
&c. To which the phiintiff faid, by proteftation, that he did not admit anything that he
has faid; and for plea, he faid that one J. F., his father, was feifed of the fiime tenements
in his demefne, as of fee, and of fuch eftate died leifed ; and that after his death he, the faid
plaintiff, as his fon and heir, entered on the fame tenements, and was feifed thereof in his
demefne as of tee, until diffelfed by the tenant, &c., which matter &c. And he prayed
judgment; and prayed the Affize, &c. To which the tenant faid that, long before the faid
J. F., father of the plaintiff, had anything in the fune tenements, the aforefiid J. T. was
feifed of the fame tenements in his demefne as of fee by feoffment, &c., as before, and fo
was feifed thereof before the father of the plaintiff had anything therein, and gave the
fame tenements to the atorefaid R. G., and A. his wife, as before, &c. ; by force of which
they were feifed, and the faid R G. leafed the fame tenements to one P. R. of H., to have
and to hold at will, by force of which he was thereof poffeffed, and being fo poffeffed ot the
fame tenements, he enfeoffed the father of the plaintiff, to have and to hold to him and his
heirs for ever; by force of which he was feifed in his demefne as of fee, and being fo feifed,
died feifed in the lifetime of the faid R. and his wife ; after whole death the faid plaintiff entered
as fon and heir, and was feifed in his demefne as of fee; and then the iaid R. G. died, and
the faid A., his wife, furvived him, and died ; and after their deaths the tenant, as fon and
heir to the faid R. and A., entered, &c,, which matter &c. ; and he prayed that the plaintiff
might be barred, &c. W hereunto the plaintiff faid that the father of the tenant was feifed
of the fame tenements in his demefne as of fee ; and thereof enfeoffed the father o: the
plaintiff, to have and to hold to him and his heirs for ever; by force of which he was feifed
thereof in his demefne as of fee ; and, being fo feifed thereof, died feifed ; after whofe death the f- -i^
plaintiff, as fon and heir, entered, and was thereof feifed in his demefne as of tee, and was fo
feifed until dilTelfed by the tenant, without this, that the faid P. R. enfeoffed the father of the |

plaintiff' in the manner as he has fuppofed, &:c., which matter &c. And he prayed the
Affize, &c. Wangkord: Sir, it feems to me that this anfwer is not good, inafmuch as he |

does not fliow that the father of the tenant enfeoffed the fither of the plaintiff before the
gift in tail, or after it, iXx. jTortCfCllC : Sir, this is not to the purpofe ; for he has traverfed '

the feoffment made by the tenant at will. — And then the tenant changed his replication, and I

waived the leafe made at will, and the feoffment made by the tenant at will ; and iaid t.iat
his father and mother were feiied, as before, by force of the entail, until difleifed by .he
father of the plaintiff (and fo on throughout as before, &:c.) Whereto the plaintiff laid
that the father of the tenant was feifed in his demefne as of fee, and enteoffed the father
of the plaintiff in fee, by force of which he was feifed, and died feifed ; and the plaintift, as
fon and heir to him, entered, and was feifed, until diffelfed by the tenant; without this, that i

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74 Reports of the 'Jiidg^iients^ etc.

le plaintif difTeififl; le pere et Ic mere le tenant, come il ad iuppofe. Et pria I'AHile. Et le
tenant dit que il difleiiiil-. Preit, &c. Et fur ceo les parties prierent I'AlTife. Et fur ceo
les Juftices difoient que lis veulent eftre advifes que I'AHife fera aganie fu" ceft ifluej on en point
d'Adife, pur ceo que lis femble que le replicacion n'eft bon. Et hiit dit per jTOCtCfCllC, que
fi un home en Aflife picde en barre, le quel pie eft bon barre, et le plaintif face title que
n'eft bon, et le tenant traverfe ceo ; uncore I'Ailife ne fera agarde ; mes fi le barre ne foit
bon, rAftifd fera agarde en point d'AlTile, et neniy fur le title; et ilfmt fera fi le barre foit
bon, et le title bon. et le replicacion nient bon, come le cas eft icy, &c. i

En Attaint en Bank le Roy le (irande Jury apparult, et un de la Grande Jury clvallengea
luy mefme, entant que fon [fes ?] anceftres ufTent efte Baronnets, et Seigniors de Parliament,
et que ils ont eu lour place en mefme le Meafon de le Parliament. Et ceft mat :er fuit trove
par vj triors de mefme le Jury : purque il pria allowance de ceft challenge, et i^ue il purroit
aller a Dieu, &c. JTOl'tCfCUC .* Nous ne poimus ceo allower fans brief teftifiant ceo ; car
nous devons eftre aftt;rte par matter de record de voftre challenge, ou autrement ne poii.mi
ceo allower. Ad quod -Totd Curia luncejfit . Et puis il fuit trait pur autre caule, &c.



T)e Termino Hillarii, A°. xxxv. Hen. VI.

f. 52. Littleton vient en I'Efcheker devant les Juftices de I'un Bank et de I'autre, et reherce

coment E. de Englethre chevalier tenoit de Roy certeine terre en chief per fervice ie
Chevalier, et avoit ifl'ue une fille, et devia feifi, ia ftlle a le temps de fon mourrant eftant de
lage de xv ans ; en quel cas a noftre entente ele fera en le garde notre Seignior le Roy ; et
pur ceo c|ue puis la mort le pere ele ad mariee luy mefme far.s licence du roy, nous prion,'^.
pur le roy que ele puit faire fine. Come fi le tenant le lioy aliene fans licence, il fera finej
pur ceo que le roy covient per matter de recorde efter aflert de fon tenant. Iirmt eft quana
ele prift baron, fi ils ont illlie, adonque eft le baron tenant au Roy, et fera homage, el|
avowera fur luy, et iilint il amonte a tant come une alienacion ; en quel cas ele fera tine :
et ilfuit fera icy, &.'c. JFOltCfCUC J Non Sir, car jeo croy que ele ne fera fine: car n'eft
femble quand le widow le J^oy marie luy mefiue fans licence, car fur I'aiTignement de fon
dower ele fera ferment en Chancellerie que il ne luy marie fans licence, et pur ceo, s'il fait
contrarie al fon ferment, ele tera fine : nies il n'eft ilfmt d'un heir, car quand un heir female
fue livere en Chancery a fon plein age, ele ne tera tiel ferment, et pur ceo s^^ia en:ent ele
ne fera fine : et pur ceo il ell: meliour que vous difputes primes le quel ele fera en gard ou
f. 52 b. nemy, &c. [Choke, Wangford, and others follow ] Les Clerks de Rolles difent que



of Sir 'John Fortefcuc. ys

the father of the plaintiff difleifed the father and mother of the tenant, as he has fup-
pofcd. And lie prayed the Aifize. And the tenant faid that he difleifed; ready, &c.
And thereupon the parties prayed tlie Allize. And thereupon the Juftices fiid, that they
would confider wjiether the Aflize (liould be awarded on tliis ifllie, or on the point of the
Alfize, becaufe it feemed tliat the replication was not good. And it was faid by JfOttCfCUC,
that if a man in an Ailize pleads in bar a plea which is a good bar, and the plaintiff makes a
title which is not good, and the tenant traverfes it, ftill the Allize fliall not be awarded ; but
if the bar be not good, the Aflize fliall be awarded on the point of the Allize, and not on the
title; and fo it fliall be if the bar is good, and the title good, and the replication not good,
as is the cafe here, &c.

In an "Attaint" in the King's Bench, the Grand Jury appeared, and one of the 'irand
Jury challenged himfelf, inafnuich as lus anceftors had been baronets, and lords of i'ailia-
ment, and as they have had their place in the fame houfe of Parliament. And this matter
was found by fix triers of the fame Jury ; wherefore he prayed allowance of that challenge, i

and that he might be bidden adieu, &c. jTOCtCfCUC ^ We cannot allow this without a writ
teftifying it ; for we ought to be certified, by matter of record, of your challenge ; or other-
wife we cannot allow it. To which all the Court affeiited. And then he was withdrawn
for another reafon.

Hilary Tenn^ i,S I^^en. VI.
Littleton came into the Exchequer before the Juftices of both the Benches, and f. 52.
rehearfed how E. de Englethre, knight, held certain land of the King in chief by ki.ight's
fervice, and had iffue a daughter, and died feifed, his daugiiter at the time of his deceafe
being of the age of fifteen years; in which cafe, in our opinion, fire will be in the ward of , ,
our Lord the King; and becaufe, fince the death of her father, fhe has married without the
King's licence, we pray for the King that fiie pay a fine ; as when the King's tenant alienates ' |
without licence, he lliall pay a fine, becaufe the King ought, by matter of record, to be
certified of his tenant. So it is, when fhe takes a hufliand ; if they have children, then the I
hufi-iand is the King's tenant, and fliall do homage, and avowry lliall be made upon him ■
and fo it comes to the fame thing as an alienation ; in which cafe flie would jiay a fine : and
fo it fliall be here, &c. JFOl'tCfCUC J Not fo. Sir; for I think that flie fliall not pa; a I
fine; for it is not as when one of the King's widows marries without licence; fi)r on the
afllgnment of her dower, flie fliall make oath in Chancery that flie will not marry without
licence, and therefore if flie does contrary to her oath, flie fhall pay a fine : but it is not
fo of an heir ; for when an heir female fues livery in the Court of Chancery at her lull age,
ftie fhall make no fuch oath, and fo in my opinion flie fliall not pay a fine. "Jdierefore it is
better that you firfl: debate whether flie fliall be in ward or not. [Choke, W.-^ngforu, and i



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76 Reports of the 'Jii(lgme?its^ etc.

lour cours en Chancery fi un tient certeine terrc de Roy en focage, et ad ifilie fille, et devie,
fi ele fue livere deins I'age de xiv ans, ele aura una cum exitus : mes fi ele fue livere apres
xiv ans, ele n'aura livere idui cmn exitus, mes folcnient livere, &c. JFOttCfCUC : A ma
entente voftre cours en tiel cas eft mal, et encontre Ley : car a ma conceit ele aura livere
una cum exitus en I'un cas et en I'autre, pur ceo que ele eft ajuge deins age jufque xx ans a
faire afcun chofe que fera prejudice a luy, fcavoir a faire feoff'ment, obligation, ou autre
contracft, ou afcun tiel femble, &c. Prisot : Me femble que ele ne fera en garde ; car a ma
conceit i'age de le male et de la female ne fuit tout un a la Comon Ley. Et ceo prove bien
le Statut de Magna Carta; que mefque ceft Statut foit general en Ley coment ^ uncore
le conclufion de mefme I'eftatut prove que ne puit eftre entendu des heirs females,

f. 53- mes folement des heirs males : &c. &c Et Ashton,

Markham, Danvers, BrNGHAM, Danisy et Moii.E fiirent de mefme I'opinion, &:c.
jTOttCfCUC* A le contrary. Et ou eft dit que le Statut de Magna Carta ne poit eftre
entendu des heires females per caufe de la conclufion de mefme le Statut, &c. ceo n'eft pas
ilfint ; car mefque un Statut foit general, uncore fera pris come la Ley puit entendre, et en
nul autre mannere. Car il y 'id un Statut que veut, quod pojlquam aliquis pqfuerit i)t aliquam
Inquijicionem ad frimum diem allocetur ei ejfomum, &c. ; le quel Statut eft general, et uncoie
fera pris come la Ley puit eftre entendu, et nient autrement ; car fi on vient eins per " I'.xigent."
ou per " Cepi Corpus," et joine a rift'ue, uncore 11 ne fera ciTonie, entant que il demeui t
en garde ou per mainprife ; et uncore eftatut eft general : ifiint icy, le Statut de Magna
Carta efl: general, et fera entendu des heirs males et ten\ales come la Ley entendra : donque
le derraine conclufion refere al heire male folement, le primes de mefme le Statut ieri
entendu auxibien des females come heires males. Et auxi !e provifion de Merton, qui
commence <^^ herede, cum fit de xiv a)inorum et ultra, et ceo prove que I'age del heire male c:
de female difmarie a la Comon Ley fuit tout un : car le dit Statut ne fait afcun forlpris mes
en general, fcavoir de heire, &c. le quel eft fi bien female come male. Et a ceo qu'eft dit |
que le Statut de Merton, de dijparagatione prove divers ages de afienter a matrnnoine enter
male et female, ceo n'eft pas ifiint a ma entente : car n'eft forlque un age de I'afiente a
matrimoine en noftre Ley, et ceo eft a xiv ans, et donq eil matyimouinm conjummatum, et
devant il eft matrimonium conjumptum, &c. Et ceo fera prove per le Statut de Merton, qui
commence de heredibus per parentes contra pacem vi dbduBis, &:c. le quel Statut done remed\ pur
f. 53 b. le Seignior envers le ravifour, et cele remedy eft done de herede i)ijra xiv annos exijlente, 6cc. et
cele Statut eft auxi general, et eft auxibien des heires females comme des heirs maf'S, et e
contra. Donque {\ un foit poflefle d'un garde de feme deins I'age de xiv ans, et loi: ravie
apres xij ans, et devant xiv ans, le ravifieur luy marie, et le Seignior porte brief de " Rrvifti-



' This feems to be a miftake for le commenctiiifyit.



.; ii J.f:



of Sir 'John Forte/cue. 77

others follow.] The Clerks of the Rolls faid that their courfe in Chancery was, that if one i. 52 b,

holds land of the King in focage, and has ilTue a daughter, and dies; if fhe fiies livery within

the age of fourteen years, fhe fhall have it una cum exitibus ; but if fhe fues livery after

fourteen years, flie fhall not have livery una cum exitibus, but only livery, &c. JTOttCfCUC t

In my opinion your courfe in fuch cafe is bad, and againlt law ; for in my opinion (he fliall

have livery H)ia cum exitibus in the one cafe and in the other ; becauie fhe is adjudged witlnn

age up to twenty years in doing anything wliich fhall be prejudicial to her, viz., making a

feoffment, obligation, or other contraft, or anything fimilar, (ice. Prisot : It feems to me ;

that fhe fliall not be in wartl ; for in my opinioii the age of male and female were not one

at Common Law. And the Statute of Magna Charta proves this ; for although this flatute

is in general terms at the commencement, flill the conclufion of the fame ftatute proves that

it cannot be undertTiood of the heirs female, but only of the heirs male, &c. &c.

And AsHTON, Markham, Danvers, Bingham, Danby, and Moile were of the f. 53.

fame opinion, &c. Jr'OttCfCUC .* To the contrary. And where it is faid that the Statute

of Magna Charta cannot be underfl:ood of heirs female, by reafon of the conclufion

of the fame ftatute, &:c., it is not fo ; for although a fl:atute be general, ftill it fhall be taken

as the law can underftand it, and in no other manner. For there is a ftatute which declares,

tliat " after any one hath put himfelf to an Incjueft:, an elfoin fhall be allowed to him at the

next day," &c.j which flatute is general; and yet it fliall be taken as the law can be underflood,

and not otherwife ; for if one comes in by " Exigent," or by " Cepi Corpus," and joins ilTue,

ftill he fhall not be elToined, in that he remains in culto.ly or on bail ; and ffill the i

flatute is general. So here the Statute of Magna Charta is general, and fhall be underftood

of the heirs male and female as the law fhail interpret: then the laft conclufion refers to the

heir male only, but the firlf part of the fame ftatute fliall be underftood as well of female as of

male heirs. And alfo [that part of] the Provifions of Merton, which commences with "as

to the heir, when he is fourteen years old and more; " and this proves that the age of the heirs |

male and female unmarried at the Common Law was the fame ; for the fliid flatute makes .

no exception, but is general, that is, " of the heir," &c., as well female as male. And as to

what is faid that the Statute of Merton " of difparagement " proves divers ages for aflent to

matrimony between male and female ; it is not io, in my opinion, b'or there is only one age

of afTent to marriage in our law, and that is at fourteen years ; and then it is a " nianiage

confummated," and before that age it is "marriage prefumed (r) " «N:c. And this will be proved

by the Statute of Merton, which commences " of heirs by their relations againll the pence

violently abducfted," which ftatute gives a remedy for the Lord againfl the raviflier ; and this

remedy is given " of an heir being under fourteen years," &c. ; and this flatute is a fi>' f. ^j 1,.

general, and relates as well to heirs female as to heirs male, and vice -verja . Then if one is

pofleffed of the wardfhip of a woman under fourteen years, and fhe be raviOu- 1 after twelve

years and under fourteen years, and the ravifher marries her, and the Lord brings a writ of



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: Mil',"' :i.



7 8 Reports of the yudg/ne?its, etc.

ment de Garde," et recovre, il recoverra le vaki dc le mariaj^c envers le ravifcr : et ceo prove
i]uc elc piiit difagix-er a xiv ans ; car fi cle ne purra difagrcer a xiv ans, donq !e valu de le
mariage fera recoverte envers heire inefme, et nemy envers le ravilTeur, pur ceo c]ue ne fera my
ajuge Ton fait, mes le fait de la heire. Car le Statut de difparagatione ell: Si autem fuerit xiv
antiortim \et'] ultra \_ita\ quod coiijentire poffit^ct tcdi niaritagio [lOi.fciiferil] uullaJ'ubJequatHr pivnn,
&c. prove que I'age I'un et I'autre font tout un : iifint touts les Statuts font generals, et auxi
feront entendu des heirs females come des heirs males, et e contra. Doncjue le Statut de W.
premier face diverfite perenter heirs males et females, et cele Statut prove auxi que I'age des
femmes difmariees fuit ficome I'age d'un male : car, come ad elle dit, cele Statut ne done a le
Seignour les deux ans ouftre xiv ans, mes le Statut reitreine fon pouvoir que il ne puit tenir
ouftre xiv ans, forfpris deux ans : donque ceo prove que il purroit tenir ouftre a le Comon
Ley. Et auxi come ad efte dit, cele Statut fuit fait pur un remedy, et le contrarie de mefme
le remedy fera entendu que fuit a la Comon Ley, &c. Et ilfint a ma enter," les Statuts
prevent clerement, que i'age del heire male et de la female dilmarie fuit tout un a la Comon
Ley, &c. Et auxi comon reafon ceo provera : car le reafon a la Comon Ley que I'liei ■
celuy qui tient fi terre per fervice de Chevalier fera en garde durant fon nonage eft, et fuit,
entant que I'heire durant le nonage n'ad difcrecion a ruler fon enheritance, et eft de noi
pouvoir a faire les fervices deus de fa terre : et auxint que n'eft de pouvoir a porter ar ne .
en guerre; et pur ceo comon reafon voille que le Signior luy aura en fon garde tan jui
a le pleine age. Et auxi le Statut de Merton dit, que le garde de mero jure ad Domiviin
feodi pertinet, &c. Donque comon reafon, qui eft Comon Ley, eft que un heire male fera
en garde jufque a xxi ans, par caufe de I'innocency et fon nonabllity, &c., et devant cec h.
Ley entende que il n'ad difcrecion: donque mefme le reafon eft de feme dilmariee ; mes fi
ele foit mariee nous touts fumus agrees que ele aura fi xiv ans, entant que durait le cover-
ture tout eft en le baron a I'age de xiv ans, la Ley entende que ele eft able d'aver un barqn
qui fera de plein age, et able a faire les fervices, &c. Et pur ceo fi il foit marie a xiv aijis
ibit le baron de plein age ou deins age, ele aura fa terre maintenant: mes femme difmariee
par comon reafon ne fera ajuge m.eliour en difcrecion, ou plus fage, ou plus able a faire les
fervices deus de fa terre que un home ne fera a xiv ans, car per comon prefumpcion un home



Online LibraryJohn FortescueThe works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) → online text (page 81 of 87)