John Fortescue.

The works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) online

. (page 82 of 87)
Online LibraryJohn FortescueThe works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) → online text (page 82 of 87)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


fera ajuge plus fage a xiv ans que un feme de mefme I'age. Et idint a ma entente le
Statut de Magna Carta les provifions de Merton, le Statut de Weftminfter premier, et
comon reafon prevent, que a la Comon Ley fage de le male et de la female fuit tout un : et
fi iifint, donque eft I'age d'une femme tlifmariee eitre en garde jufque al' xvi ans. Et illint
me femble que ele fera en garde, &c. Ad quod Neuham conwjjit.



J :



■■:. t



of Sir John Fortefcuc. 79

" RavillimL-nt of ward " and recovers ; he fhall recover the value of the marriage agauill the
ravifher ; and this proves that fhe can difigree at fourteen years; for if flie cannot tlifagree
at fourteen years, then the value ot the marriage fhall be recovered againft the heir herfelf,
and not againlT: the raviflier ; becaufc it fliall never be adjudged his acft, but the ac5t of the
heir. For the Statute ot" Difparagenient is, " but if the heir lliall have been of fourteen
years and upwards, fo that he can conicnt, for fuch marriage no penalt}' follows," &c., proving
that the age of the one and the other are the fame ; fo all the llatutes are general, and ihall be
underllood of heirs female as well as of heirs male, and e contra. Then the ftatuteof Weftminfter
the Firft makes adiltinttion between heirs male and female ; and this ffatute alfo proves that
the age of females unmarried was the fuiie as the age ot a male. For, as has been laid, this
lT:atute does not give to the Lord the two years beyond fourteen years, but it reftrairs his
power, lo that he cannot hold beyond fourteen years, except for two years: then this prove , that
he would be able to hold over at Common Law. And alio, as has been faid, this llatute was
made for a remedy ; and the contrary of the fame remedy fhall be underlfood as being
Common Law, iScc. And fo, in my opinion, the ifatutes clearly prove, that the age of the
heir male, and of the female unmarried, was one and the fame at Common Law, &c. And
alfo, common reafon w 111 prove this : for the reafon at the Common Law, that the heir of
one who holds his land by knight's fervicc fliall be in ward during his nonage, is, and was,
becaufe the heir during his nonage has not difcretion to rule his inheritance, and is incapable
of doing the fervices due from his land, and cannot bear arms in war ; and therefore common
reafon requires that the Lord fliall have him in ward until his full age. And alfo the Statute
of Merton fays, that the wardfliip "of mere right belongs to the Lord of the fee," dec.
Then common reafon, which is common law, requires that an heir male lliall be in wai-d up
to twenty-one years, by reafon of his innocency and incapability &c., and before this age the
law fuppoies that he has no difcretion ; then the fime reafon holds of a female unmarried ;
but if fhe is married we are all agreed that fhe lliall have lier land at her age of fourteen
years, inafmuch as during coverture all is in the hufband when flie is of the age of fourteen
years, and the law fuppofes that fhe is able to have a hufband who fliall be of full age, and able
to do the fervices, &c. And therefore if flie is married at fourteen years, be the hufband
of full age or under age, fhe fliall liave her land at once; but a woman unmarried by
common reafon fhall not be adjudged of better dilcretion, or wiler, or more able to do
fervices due from her land, than a man at fourteen years ; for by common preiumptioi a
man at fourteen years fhall be confidered wifer than a woman ot the fame age. .And lb in
my opinion, the Statute of iVlagna Charta, the provifions of Merton, the Statute of \\'ei):-
minfter the Firfl, and common reafon, prove that at the Common Law the age of male and
female was the fame ; and if to, then the age of a woman unmarried to be in ward is up ro
fixteen years. And fo I think that flie will be in ward in this cafe, ivc. To which
Nedha.m acreed.






1 u\



:■<'!. -.31



8o Repo?'ts of the yu(lg?ne?2ts^ etc.

Anno xxxvj Hen. VI. [No Term mentioned.]

*■ 24 b. Sur un "Exigent" B. Qimrermains, Viconte, &c., rctorna le defendant iv exaftus en

Bank le Roy. Et fur ceo fuit tendu averer que le defendant fuit ullage ; fur que les
Coroners de mefme County par force d'un " Certiorari" direrte a eux retornent que il fuit
utiage per mefme 1' " l^xigent." Purque le Vicont fuit amercy a 1. marcs, et les eftrets de
ceo mifes en I'Efcheker: fur que jiroces ifl'ifl: envers luy. Sur que il vint eins, et monftra
un pardon de touts maners dcs mifprifions, offences, contempts, &c., faits mefnes perenter
le Certificat de les Coroners, et le amerciment ajuge, et pria que il purra de ceo eftre difmis ;
et ceo nicnt ohftant les barons luy commirent a le Fleet: et puis un vint en Bank le Roy, et
monftra coment Qiiatcrmains fuit en Fleet pur I'amerciment, et coment le Roy luy ad
pardone, et pria un " Habeas corpus una cum caufa" direfte a !e Gardien, &c. ; ''t le Gardien fur
ceo amefna le corps al' le barre, et monltra la caufe avantdite. Sur que Qu;.rtermains pleda
fon perdone avandit, et fur ceo avoit brief d' "Allowance," recitant le chartre de pardon en
autre ; et fuit un general pardon, et trova fuerte &C., fi &c. : et I'Attorne le Roy demi rra

t". 25 b. fur fon pie, &c. [Wangford, Choke, Laicon', and others follow.] Prisot : L'ame-ci-
ment eft bien agarde, et la party n'aura unques remedy de ceo, fi afcune folie fuit en luy, if int
que il purra aver plede fon pardon devant, et s'il ne purroit ceo pleder devant, le Coui t j uit
ceo redrefler, &c., fi le pardon foit fuffifant. Markham : A ceo que efl dit, fi un hjmme
foit Attaint de felony, et efl trove que il ad certein biens en le gard d'un home, celuy hone
n'aura refpons jufque il foit greve, ceo n'eft pas iHint ; mes le Court meintenant apres tiel
chofe trove agardera " Scire facias " vers la party, et fur ceo viendra en refpons, et autrem ;nt
a grand mifchief, et pur ceo la Ley ne puit cftre fi fort. jTOCtCfCllC ,' Si trove foit jier
Enqueft d'office devant I'Efchetor, il eft conune vous dites, et " Scire facias" ilTera . mes
fi foit en Bank le Roy per mefme I'Enqueft per le quel il eft Attaint "Scire facias" ne
ifiera ; et iilint diverfite. Marrham : Sir, il eft tout un Ley, et nul diverfite ; et aijitre-
ment fera grand mifchief. Jf OrtCfCllC ,* Sir, la Ley eft comej'ay dit, et ad efte tout dits puis
que la Ley fuit commence, et nous avons plufours courfes et formes, qui font tenus pur
t' ^t"' Ley, et ont elte tenus et ufes per caufe de reafon, nient obftant que mefme le reafon ne foit
preft en memory, mes per eltudie et labour on puit ceo trover, fi afcun tiele forme ou c/)urs
foit ufe, et avoit efte ufe encontre refon, n'eft mal a ceo amender. Donque fi on endidte de
treaibn et attaint, les Seigniors immediats ont perdu lour efchet ; et le reafon eil:, purtant
que treafon touche le Roy mefme ; donque fi on foit Attaint de Felony, et foit trove par
mefme le Enqueft en Bank le Roy que il avoit biens en la garde d'un home a la valu &c.,
"Scire facias" ne ifiera ; et uncore fi uft trove per un Enqueft d'Office, auti enif-nt fera ;



of Sir yohn Fortcjcue. 8 i

36 Hen. VI. [No Term mentioned.]
On an " Exigent," B. Ouartcrmains, the nierifF tvc. returned the defendant as " four times f, i.\ li.
exacfted " in the King's Bench. And thereupon it was offered to aver that the defendant was
outlawed; whereupon the coroners of the fnne county, hy torce of a "Certiorari" directed to
them, returned that he was legally outlawed by the fame " Exigent." Wherefore the nieriff
was amerced in 50 marcs, and the eftreats thereof put into the exchequer : whereupon
procefs ifliied againil him. Wliereupon he came into [court], and fliowed a pardon of all
manners of mifprifions, offences, contempts cYc., done between the certificate of the coroners '
and the amercement adjudged ; and he pirayed that he might thereof he difmifled. And
notwithftanding this, the Barons committed him to the Fleet ; and then one came into the
King's Bench, and fhowed how Ouartcrmains was in the Fleet tor the amercement, and how the
King had pardoned him, and prayed a " I labeas corpus una cimi caula" direifted to the ki eper
&c. ; and the keeper thereupon brought his body to the bar, and fliowed the caufe afore aid ;
and thereupon Ouartermains pleaded his pardon aforelaid, and thereupon had a writ ot ■

" Allowance," reciting the charter of pardon in full ; and it was a general pardon ; and
he found furety &c. if &c. : and tlie King's Attorney demurred on his plea &c.
[Wangford, Choke, Eaicon, and others follow.] Prisot: Fhe amercement is well f. 25 L
awarded, and the party ffiall never have remedy thereof; if there was any tolly, it was his
own, if he could have pleaded his pardon before; and it he lual not been able to pilead it
before, tlie court coidtl redrefs it tvc, if the jiardon be iufficient. Mark.iiam : As
to what has been fiid that, if a man be attainted ot (elony, and it be found that lie has '

certain j^oods in the keeping of another man, then that man ihall not liave an anfwer until
he is aggrieved, it is not true ; but the Court diredly after luch matter foimd ihall aw u^d a
" Scire facias " againft the party, and thereupon he fhall come to anfwer ; for otherwife there
would he great mifchief; and therefore the law cannot be (o ftronfT. JToi'tCfCllC t It it be
found by inquefl; of office before the Elchearor, it is as you iay, and a " Scire facias" iTiall '

iffue ; but if it be in the King's Bench by the fame inqueft by which he is attainted, the , I
"Scire facias" fliall not iffue; and fo there is the difference. Markham : Sir, the law is
all the fame, and there is no difl-erence ; and otherwife there would be great miLhief. ,

jTOCtCfCUC .* Sir, the law is as 1 fay, and has been always (ince the law was nrll begun, and
we have many courfes and forms, which are held for law, and have been held and ufed f. 26
as conformable with reafon, although the fame reafon may not be remembered; but by itu iy ,

and labour it may be found; and if any fuch courfe or form is and has been ufed contrary to
reafon, it is no harm to amend it. Then, if one be indifted of treafon and attainted, the
immediate lords have loft their efcheat ; the reafon being, that as treafon touches 1 lie
King himfelf; then if one be attainted of felony, and it be found by the fame inquell in the
King's Bench, that he had goods in the keeping of a man to the value &c., a " Scire facias"
ffiall not iffue ; and yet if it had been found by an inqueft of office, it would be otherwile ;
i\. m



■'■•■>■■{






T:r>'y



82 Reports oj the 'Ju(lg7}ie7its^ etc.

car I'enquerir d'un Court de Record eft plus fort que un enquerir devant I'efchetor, et
paraventure ceo eft le reaion ; et fi ne foit, par laifure jeo purrai trover uti mcliour &c. Mes
il piiit venir eins gratis devuiit que les eftrets foient mis en I'Kfchequer, (.t dire que il ii'uvoit
tiels biens ; et iflint ferez vous en votre deliverance &c. Ashton : Si tie! chofe foit trove
devant Juftices de Gaole delivery, Juftices de paix, ou Oier et Terminer, les Juftices doivent
mettre lour eftret de ceo en I'Efchequer, et nul proces fera fait envers eux par les Juftices.
Prisot: II eft voyer ; et a ma entente quand les Barons firent proces aver levi envers tiel
home, il ne poit tendre travers devant les Juftices de Gaole delivery, pur ceo que ' ils ne
poient faire un " Superfedeas " a les Barons a furccffer &c. Mes il covient fuir un
" Certiorari " et remover le recorde en Bank le Roy, et la tendre averement, et aver
" Superfedeas" &c. direfte a les Barons ; et iftint fera fi trove foit en Bank le Roy apres
eftrets deliveres en I'Kfchequer: et iflint n'ad tiel mifchief come Marktiam ad reherce.
jTortCfCUC dit a les Apprentices, Serjants, et autres de ies compaignons, que a fon entente
les points en le cas fureiit ; le quel les paroles de le pardon furent fufficient ou nemy ;
le t|uel le certificacion de le Coroner caufera Ouaterniains ellre attaint ou nemy ; et le quel
il ad lurcefte fon temps ou nemy : et fur ceux points foies avifes encontre un autre jour.

Et nota que JTOltCfCUC dit que Ouatermains pur[ra] aver dit apres le certificacion, que
ceux qui firent le certificacion turent difcharges de I'Office de le Coroner &c., et ceo prcve
que II ne fera attaint : car quand un home en Attaint d'un chofe, il n'aura refponfe en apr.:s.



Anno xxxvj Hen. VI. [No Term named.

C 2 Un Aftlfe fuit porte en le County de Suftex, par Babilon et Ifabelle fa feme, envers

John Finch. Et furent adjournes en I'Efchequer Chambre. Et le pleint fuit de viij acrds
de terre. Et le tenant plede en barre, que un eftranger fuit feifi de melnie la terre, et lu)'
enfeoffa, et done colour a le pleintif, &c. \ que les plamtits tlilent que autrefois la dit feme
porta brief de Dower envers un eftranger, et demanda par fa brief fa reafonable dower de le
franktenement que W. E. jadis fon baron en divers villes : le brief original fuit fervi, et le

(. 32 b. tenant fift le defaut ; fur que la feme fift fa demande de la tierce part de le nianoir de B. et de
le manoir de C, de quel manoir de C. cele terre mis en view eft parcele ; lur que " Grand
Cape" iflift retornable &:c., et proces continue tanque il avoit Jugement de recoverie par
defaut et aver execution et cele terre entre autres mis en execucion, par force de qiel il fuit
feifi tanque per le tenant dift'eifi &c. .A que le tenant difoit, que iv acres de terre parcele
de le dit manoir de C. furent &c., deins les v. Ports et gilant en la ville de Winchelfee, que
eft de le Franchife de v. Ports ou le brief le Roy ne courte my, et iilint le recovery faux et






I ^'JC



of Si?^ yo/'in Fo7'telcne. 8 3

for the inquiry of a Court of Record is Wronger than an inquiry before the Efcheator, and
perliaps this is the reafon ; and if it be not, 1 fliall in time be able to find a better one; but
he can come into court of his free will before the ellreats are fent to the I'.x :hequer, and
declare that he had no fucli goods ; and thus fhall you do in your deliverance &c.
AsHTON : If fuch a matter be foLmi.1 before the Juftices of (jaol Delivery, Jultices of the
Peace, or of Oyer and Terniiner, the juftices ought to fend their eftreat thereof Into the
Exchequer, and no procefs fliall l)e made againft: them by the Juftices. 1'risot: It is true ;
and in my opinion when the Barons n:ake procefs to have a levy aganill: fuch an une, he i
cannot tender a traverfe before the Juftices of Gaol Delivery, becaufe they cannot make
a " Superfedeas " to the Barons to make them furceafe &c., but he muft luc a " Certiorari,"
and remove the record into the King's Bench, and there tender an averment, and have a
"Superfedeas" direfted to the Barons, and fo it fhall be if ir be found in the King's Eench
after the eflreats delivered into the Exchequer ; and fo there is no fuch mifchief as Mark ham
has rehearfed. jTOttCfCllC f'id to the apprentices, fergeants, and others of his company, ■
that in his opinion the points in the cafe were, whether the words of the pardon were
fufficient or not ; whether the certificate of the coroner fliall caufe CViiatermains to be
attainted or not ; and whether he has furceafed his time or not ; and upon thefe points
(faid he) be advifed againil another day.'

Note, that jTortGfCUC f-iid that Ouatcrmains could have fiid, after the certification, that
thofe who made it were difcharged from the office of coroner &c., and this proves that lie
fhall not be attainted ; for when a man is attainted ot a thing, he fhall have no anfwer i

afterwards.

■;^(i Hen. VI. [No Term named.]

An AfTize was brought in the county of SulTex by Babilon, and Ifabella his wife, againft f. : 2.
John Finch. And they were adjourned to the Exchequer Chamber. And the plaint was for
eight acres of land. And the tenant pleaded in bar that a ftranger was feifed of the fame '

land, and enfeoffed him ; and he gave colour to the plaintiffs &c. To which the plaintiffs fiid , 1
that formerly the iaid woman brought a writ of " Dower '' againft a ftranger, and demanded
by her writ her rightful dower of the frank tenement which belonged to W. K., formerly
her huftiand, in divers towns; and the oiiginal writ was ierved, and the tenant made default;
whereupon the woman made her demand of the third part of the manor of B. and of the f. 32 b.
manor of C, of which manor of C. this land fet in view, is parcel. Whereupon a "Grand
Cape" ilTued, to be returned &c., and procefs continued until ftie had judgment of recovery
by default^ and to have execution, that land amongft others being put in execution ; ly
force of which flie was feifed until diffeifed by the tenant &c. To which the tenant fi d,
that four acres of land, parcel of the faid manor of C, were iS:c. within the Cinque Ports,
and lie in therfown of Winchelfea, which is in the liberty of tlie Cinque Ports, where the

' See page 10-, pofl. '






•■,.;.n



ri , ; spirit



84 Reports of the yudg/ficnts^ etc.

feint en Ley. Et deniunde ike. Sur que demurni en Jugement. [Tavern er,
Wangforu, and others deliver opinions.] Wancford, a le coiitrarie : Kt Sir, a ma
conceit en afcun cas celuy qui eft eftranger ne voidera unqucs recoverie. Come fi un accion
foit porte envers un, et pendant le brief il enfeoffe un eftranger de mefme la terre en acciorj,
ct puis demandant recoverc, cele eftranger ne voidra unqucs cele recoverie : car Ic tenant en
le a61ion fera eftoppe, et ilFuit i'era celuy qui vient eins par luy. Mes en Alfife fi un
recoverie foit plede envers un eftranger, et le poftefilon le plaintiff mefne parentre le title et
le brief porte, la poit le plaintif voider le recoverie, come a monftrer que le tenant poit aver
plede un releas en le pie, ou autre matter en barre ; ou que le tenant mouruft pendant le
brief; ou que le tenant n'a\'oit rien en la terre petidaiu le brief: car ceux matteres provent
<"■ 33- que le recoverie eft void, ou fans title : pur ceo eft reafon que celuy que eft tout eftranger
aura avail de ceo, ciitant que fon pofteftion tuit devant le brief, et puis le titlr- : mes fi tuit
pendant le brief, autrenient iera &c. : donque eft en noncertem icy en ceo :as, le quel le
poifeftion le tenant fuit mefne perenter le title et le brief porte, ou pendant le brief : duuque
fera pris le plus fort encontre luy, fcavoir, que fuit pendant le brief; en quel cas il ler i
auxibien elloppe come le tenant vers qui le recoverie ie taile duill: aver efte eifoppe. tt
auxy ceft terre que il ad I'urmis eftre deins les v. Ports n'eft la terre mife en vieu, et n'appei:
le quel il foit feifi de ceo uu nemy, et iftint tout elli anger ; et mefque 1! fera come ad efte dil ,
que le recovery (era voide, quant a ceo deins les v. Ports, uncore il efl bon quant a ceo qur
fuit dehors, dont cele terre mis en view eft parcele &c. Kt auxi jeo entende que on in
voide unque un recoverie finon que ioit per matter que prove c]iie ceo eft nulle recovery,
ou de ceo voider en le title, mes on ne fauxera le recoverie par matter dilatorie, le que' k
tenant purra aver plede. Car ft " Precipe quod reddat " foit porte vers un per une feme, el
ele prende baron pendant le brief, et puis ele recovere, un eftranger ne fauxera cele recov. rie
per caufe que le tenant purra aver plede en abatement de brief, le quel fon ellat fuit nielne
ou pendant le brief, pur ceo que celuy mattere ne fuit forlque dilatorie. llfuit icy, celijy
matter icy quel le tenant en le brief de dower pur[ra] aver plede, ne fuit forfque dilatorie,
de quel nul aura avantage finon le tenant mefine : et illint a ma entent il ne voidera icy Ic
recovery per cele matter tVc. jTOttCfCUC '. Sir, me femble a mefme I'entente. Kt come
ad efte dit, al'cun recovery iera voide par celuy'que eil: eftranger, et afcun nemy. Come fi u'l
recovery Ibit plede envers un ellranger, et I'eftat celuy vers qui le recoverie eft pleile, eft
meilie perenter le title celuy que recovere et le brief ; la il puit voider le recovery come
adire que le tenant purra aver plede releas, ou autrement puit dire que le tenant mouruft
pendant le brief, en quel le tenant n'avoit rien &c., ou que la terre fuit en autcr County ;
car toutes les matters provent le recovery void, et come un recovery ; ou autremeiu provent



of Sir "J oh) I Forte/cue. 85

King's writ does not rim ; aiitl (o the recovery is falfe and feint in I.ivv. And lie prays ike.
Whereupon he demurred in judgment. [Taverner, Wangeurd, and others dehver
opinions.] Wancforu, to the contrary : And, Sir, in my opinion, in any cafe, he who is a
ftranger lliall never vacate a recovery. As if an adion be brought againfl: one, and pending
the writ lie enfeoffs a ftranger of the fuiie land in aftion, and then the demandant recovers,
the ftranger ftiall not vacate this recovery ; for the tenant in the aiftion ihall be ellojiped,
and fo fhall he be who comes in by him. But in an Aftize, if a recovery lie pleaded againft
a ftranger, and the pofteftion of the plaintiff be mefne between the title and the writ brought,
then can the plaintiff avoid the recovery, as by fhowing that the tenant might have pleaded a
releafe in the plea, or fome other matter in bar: or that the tenant died pending the writ;
or that the tenant had nothing in the land pending the writ; for tliefe matters prove that
the recovery is void, or without title; wherefore it is right that he who is altogether a *■ 33-
ftranger ftia!! have the advantage thereof, inainiuch as his pofteftion was before tlu writ,
and fmce the title; but if it were pending the writ, it would be otherwile &c. No\,' it is
noncertain here in this cafe, whether the poffeftion of the tenant was mefne between the title
and the writ brought, or pending the writ ; then the cafe ft-iall be taken ftrongeft againll him,
viz., that it was pending the writ ; and in this cafe he fhall be eftopped, as well as the tenant
againft whom the recovery was had would have been elfopped. And alfo the land which he
has furmifed to be in the Cinque Ports, is not the land fet in view ; and it does not appear
whether he is feifed of it or not, and fo it is altogether foreign. iVnd although it lliould be,
as has been faid, that the recovery iliall be void as to that which is witliin the Cinque Ports,
ilill it is good as far as concerns what is without, of which the land fet in view is parcel I

ike. And alfo, I think that a recovery ftiall never be avoided, except it l)e by matter wl.icli
proves that it is no recovery, or by avoiding it on matter of title ; but one (liall nui falfity
the recovery by dilatory matter which the tenant might liave [ileaded. b'or it a " Pnvcipe
quod reddat" be brought againft one by a woman, and ftie takes a huftxmd pending the
writ, and then llie recovers, a ftranger fhall not falfifythis recovery by reafon that the tenant '
might have pleaded in abatement of the writ, whether his elTiate was mefne or pending the 1
writ, becaufe that matter was only dilatory. So here, this matter here which the teirant in the
writ of " Dower" might have pleaded, was only dilatory, of which none fhall have advantage
except the tenant himfelf ; and fo, in my opinion, he fhall not avoid the recovery here by
this matter. jTottCfCUC : Sir, it feems to me in the fame way. And, as has been laid, one
recovery ftiall be avoided by him who is a ftranger, and another not. As if a recovery be |
pleaded againft a ftranger, and the eftate of him againft whom the recovery is pleade I, is
mefne between the title of him wliu recovers and the writ ; in that cafe he can avoid the
recovery, as by faying that the tenant might liave pleaded a releafe ; or otherwile he cai. lay
that the tenant died pending the writ; or that the tenant had nothing &c. ; or that the land
was in another county ; for all thefe matters prove the recovery void, and no recovery ; or



ri",'/



,11



'■ 33 h.



^^ ^^ports of the Judgments, etc.

-ovcry rt pl.de eft mcfl^e pnrenter le dete le brief et le recoverv. ,1 ne f' rJ... u



title c-,r il pft .,,.••! -a '^^uvery, u ne rauxera ceo en e



luefme puira aver plede, pail avu



come a prover le recoverie ncil, come adire qi



'""■/'""^ Ct d. .,o clK-,cu„ dlrange .ul .v»ilo, ., 1;, p,,,y „,,,;„, „„;_ „ ,,f^„„ '^^ ^
ecovenes p.,no„t eftrc- voiJe pe,- voye de ,.rfp„„s. „„ per „„ye d. brief rEr,, Co,, r

.i :r,pT:: ,r?; V"' ■"™ ^ - '-^ "- ^'^- ""-'- »-■■- '.- - < - ™ -z .

« ",er,:,:f ::;;:;.";:';'■ " :" '"-PPe ; - -.. a ceo vo...,. p„.^ „«= ca„fe.

,.cndn,u,eb,-,e,',i^eHi; ",'"[" ™,/""= .'^™'">'- "" « '= ■'"""' -"™ft



Online LibraryJohn FortescueThe works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) → online text (page 82 of 87)