John Fortescue.

The works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) online

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r r ' ^-'■™''' "" P"'t avoider le recovery nn- vove d.

refpo„.e, cn,^ ceu. ,.ecove,-ie. fo,,, ,,, y,„, ,,„/,„«/ Me. ,1 ,„i, pa,- acci , ' fe

faux e„ ,.e„,e ,e po„„ ep,i ad eftc t,!e : i„i„, „„ eft,-a„per „,„, hL „„ , J, ■ „ "j,
,..= Con n,er„e perenter ,e „,le e, le l,„ef p. ,e. au.ibie,, e„ le „le, eo,„e pe , „
prover le ,-ec„ver,e vo.d. Me. par carde de „,a,rer d,la,o,ie. ceK, q„, e, e, i, e .„
cel..y „,, eft pr,.,e o„ par.y ,„i, fo„ e„a, ,„efne perentre &c. o„ pe ,da„, le D 1 ,

mque. ,a..„ra „„ recoverie; co,.= adire ,ue ,e ,e„a,„ p.rra aver aban, le b.ae e , 1
le de„,a„da,„ p„ft barre, pe„da„c le brief; „„ ,„e le ,«„»,„ p„rra aver plede a , „ 1 e
ou exc„,.„.e„ge„,e„r e„ le pe,-,o„ le de„,a„da.. ; o„ ,.,e le ,e„a„, p, Ira ave t^ Z

pendant le br.et , o„ par canfe que la tenure f„i, Ancien demefne et tiel femblable Et
uncore par ceu. naatter. le brief abatera. 11 le.cepcion uft efte pris : „,e. to ' c .

I") mel,K,ctpurceo „„ ,ecove,-,e „e le,a u,„,ues faux par ceo u.elW Et ,„„, „!.„
mo„«re ,cy le quel fon Cat fuit „ef„e „u „e„,y &c. et do uque celd utatter , e 1 ',e
I br,efde Dower pur,.a aver plede „e fuit forlque dilatorie, et „e difpro e ,e t, '

o t. cou.e dc ceo dehors. E, a le mo,„^ il ell bon qua,,, a la terre or mis e„ Vieu ■ ,r
.1 n ad d,t que ceo eft deins les v. Ports. ,nes eft autres i. acres de terre ^-c. li ,„ t
recoveneen e br,ef Dower eft plede icy per voye de t„le le pfuntif; don,|„e c .,;
cele t,,le o„ de traverfe,. cele title ,a„s conve.er a luy ..ebor n'eft „,y pie : car qua ft
ure„te,,ponen,on par fo,-ce dele ,-ec„ve,-ie, fo,t ,-ecoverie bon ou fa,fx. il „e l.ft'a , ,

d entrer fur luy finon que ,1 ad u.elior ,l,oi, : car le poftelfton que le te„a„t done a e p ,f

nefnftpas,,tlea luy.etpurceo il poit luy con.eier n.elio,-, et iftin, ad ,„it a la,.e e



of Sir yo/iH Fofiefcae. 87

otherwife they prove the title of him who recovers to be notliing. But if -a recovery be
pleaded, and the efliate of him againft whom the recovery is pleaded is mefne between the
date oi the writ and the recovery, he ftiall not falfily that in the title; tor he is as much
eilopped as the tenant himfclf fliall be. But fuch matter as the tenant himfelf fl-.all have,
he can have, for to prove the recovery null ; as by laying that the tenant died pending the
writ; or that the tenant had nothing in the land pending the writ; or that the land was in
another county ; for thele matters prove the recovery ipfo jure nidi. And of this every
llranger lias the benefit, and the partv himfelf alfo ; and fome of thefe recoveries may be
avoided by way of anfwer, or by way of writ of " Error." As if a " Prscipe quod reddat"
be brought for certain lands againfl: one who has nothing in the fame lan-d, if he appear and
plead as tenant, he fhall thereby be eftopped from avoiding this ; and ftill his heir fhall
have a writ of " Error," or he fhall falfify this by way of anlwer at his election. An 1 the
fame law fliall hold of lands in another county ; or if the tenant died pending the writ,
the heir can have a writ of " Error," or can avoid the recovery by '•\'ay of anl'wei- : for
thofe recoveries are ip/u jure null. But if it be tried by acSiion, it fhall not be falfified on
the fame point on which it was tried : fo a ilranger would not have falfified a recovery,
unlefs the fame be mefne between the title and the bringing of the writ, as well in point of title
as by matter to prove the recovery void. But by reafon of dilatory matter, he who is a
ftranger, or he who is privy or party, be his eilate mefne betv.'cen &c., or pending the
writ, fhall never falfify a recovery by faying that the tenant could have abated the writ
Inafmucli as the demaiulant took, a hufliand pending the writ; or that tlie tenant cotild have
pleaded an outlawry or excommunication of the perfon of the demandant ; or that the
tenant coidd have pleaded in abatement of the writ, toralmuch as his entry was not Uippol'ed ;
or by reafon that the demandant entered pending the writ ; or by realun that the land was
of the ancient demefne, and fuch like. And flill by thefe matters the writ would have abated
if the exception had been taken ; but all thefe matters only prove that the title of him who
recovered was good, and alfo the recovery good in itielf ; and therefore a recover)' lliall
never be falfified by this means. And alfo it is not fhinvn in this cale whether liis elf ate was
mefne or not &c. : and then, this matter which the tenant in the v.rit of Dower could have
pleaded was only dilatory, and does not difprove the woman's title, and proves notliinti; more
than that the recovery was good, as well of the land wiihin the Cinque Ports, a^ uf that
without. And at leaft it is good as to the land now iet in view; for he has not fsid rliat it
Is within the Cinque Ports ; but It Is other four acres of land &c. I'hen, the recovery in
the writ of " Dower" is pleaded here by way of title of the plaintiff; then, to falfify this tiile,
or to traveri'e this title without conve)'ing to himfelf a better one, is not a plea ; for vs I en
they were in pofl'elTion by foice of the recovery, be the recovery good or bad, it is not
lawful for any to enter upon them without a better right : for the pofTehion that the tenant
gave to the plalntlfT was not a pure title to him, and therefore he may convey to himfelf a



88 Reports of the 'Jiidgiiioiti^ etc.

force de le recovery. Donque fi Aflife foit porte cnvers un home, et il plcdc en barre que
un eftranger fuit lelfi, et lay enfeofFa, et le plaintif en claimant percoloiir csrc. ; a que le plaintif
luy tait title, et dit que un autre eftranger fuit leifi et luy enteoffa, et Mlint hiit llifi tanque
difTeifi &:c., il n'elt pie adu'e que il ne luy entcffa, fmon i]iie il conveye a luy title: car s'il
tuit leifi per quel que ceo tuit, il ne lift a nuliy luy ouftre. 1mi /Vllife de " Mort danceftor"
la Ley elt autre, car la eft l)on pie adire cjue il eft baftarde i'ans conveir a luy meftne le
title, entant que il ell en poft'ellion et le demandant ne kiit imque feifi ; donqiie icy quand
les plamtifs turent ieili per force de le recoverie, foit le recoverie fiux ou bon, ne tuit loial a
le defendant eux oufter fans title. Et oufler a nia conceit le recoverie eft affez bon : ear il
y ad divers maners de les Franchifes, un en Gales, ou le brief le roy ne court. Car fi
" Pra-cipe quod reddat " foit porte icy en Gales, fi un recoverie foit taile de ceo il eft voide,
et cordii! )iuii Jiidice car n'ell" par cele de le roiaume d'Angleterre, et pur c _-o ceft Court
n'ad Jurifdic'lion la, finon que foit dcs advovvfonz, car " Ouare impedit " iera porte icy des
Eghles de Gales, et fera fues en le County ajoinant, pur ceo que les Juftices ne voilcnt obeir
afcun home la. Un autre Franchife eft Count Palantin, comme Durham ou Cheftre, quel ell
d'autre nature que Gales n'eft. Car fi on vouche a g.uranter un autre en Cheftr;
" Summoneas ad auxiliandum " ne ilTera en le County Palantine, mes un elpecial biiet iftlra i
le Seignior de la 1^'ranchife, a faire proces a luy fommondre &c., par ceo mefne un Jugenien:
fera taile de recoverer en value ci de terre deins le County Palantine, et ilfmt ne poit iftr.-
f- 34- de terre en Gales. Un autre eft des terres en Ancien demeine, et fi I'accion ioit porte en ceo
Court des Terres en iVncien demeine, et un Jugement taile lur ceo, la terre eft devenu
trankfee, et le recoverie eft aflcz lufficient; et de tiel recoverie le Seignior de Ancien demefui.
puit aver brief de " Deceit," pur reconter arriere ion Seigniory, et tiel In-anchife purfuit Ic
tenancy. Un autre iM-anchife eft les v. Ports. I'^c (i im Accion foit porte de terre dein^ le;
v. Ports, et Jugement taile lur ceo, le recovery eft alTez lufticient a ma entente, et ne fera
defete par brief de Deceit ; et uncore a autre temps ft ne Iera impledable fi excepcion feVa
jiris de ceo en autre accion ; car eft femble a!' conuiance de pie : car fi un accion foit porte
envers un home de terre de quel un eftrange doit aver conufance, li Jugement Ioit done ';t
nulle claime le Jugement, eft aftez fufficient, et uncore a autre temps quant eft autret'ois en
action il avera conuiance atfez bien. Et fi action loit porte envers un de terre, et tn
eftranger vient et claime conuiance de pie de parcele de mefnie la terre, le briet abatera : c.ir
conufance ne poit eftre grante ; car tout le original duift cftre dehvere a luy, le quel ne poit
ertre : et pur ceo il eft plus reafon d'abatre le briet, et luy mittre a ij bnets que il (era oufte
de le conufance; et ilfmt brief fera abatu par un eftranger : et illint icy a ma eiitent un



of Si?' yobn Forte/cue. 89

better ; and (o has fued at large by force of the recovery. Then, if an Adizc be brought
againil: a man, and lie pleads in bar that a ftranger was feiled, and enteotlcd him, and the
plaintiff claims by colour &c. ; on which the plaintiff makes himfelf entitled, and fiys that
another ftranger was feifed and enfeoffed him, and fo he was feifed until diffeifed &c. ; it is
no plea to fay tliat he did not enfeoff him, unlefs he convey to himlelt a title ; for it he was
feifed by any one whomfoever, it is not lawful for any one to ouft him. h\ an Affize ot
" Mordancellior " the law is otherwife, for there it is a good plea to fay that he is a baftard
without conveying to himfelf the title ; inafnuich as, he is in poffeffion and the demandant was
never feifed. Then, here, when the plaintiffs were feifed by force of the recovery, be the
recovery bad or good, it was not lawful for the defendant to oull them without title. And,
moreover, the recovery is, in my opinion, good enough ; for there are divers kinds of
liberties : one is Wales, where the King's writ does not run. l*"or it a " Prxcipe qi od
reddat " be brought here [for land] in Wales, and a recovery l)e adjudged thereon, ii is
void, and coram mn JuJice, for it is not parcel of the kingdom of England ; and therefore
this Court has no jurildidion there, except in refpeft of advowlbns : t(jr a " (^uare impedit "
fliall be brought here in reipeft of churches in Wales, and fliall be fued in the county
adjoining, becaufe the Juftices will not obey any man there. Another ibrt of liberty is a
County Palatine, fuch as Durham or Cheller, which is of a different nature from Wales.
For if one vouch to warranty another in Chefter, a fummons " ad auxiliandum " fhall not
iffuein the County Palatine, but a fpecial writ fhall iffue to the Lord of the Liherty to make
procels to fumnion hirn &c. ; by this means a Judgment fliall be awarded to recover in
value here land in the Coup.ty Palatine; and this caiuwt be of land in Wales. Another is I"- 34-
of lands in Ancient Demefne ; and if an aiftion be brought in this court tor lands in Anci.'nt
Demefne, and judgment be given thereon, the land becomes franktee, and the recovery is
fufficient; ami on fuch recovery the Lord of Ancient Demefne can have a writ ot " Deceit"
to recover back his feignory ; and fuch a liberty follows the tenancy. Another liberty
is the Cincjue Ports. And if an acflion be brought for l.uid within the CiiH]ue Ports, and
judgment be given thereon, the recovery is fufficient in my opinion, and fliall not be
defeated by writ of "Deceit;" and ftill, at another time, it fliall not be, it exception
thereto be taken in another adion : for it is (iniilar to the cognizance ot a plea ; tor it an
aftion be brought againft a man for land of which a Ilranger ought to have cognizance, it
judgment be yiven and there be no claim, the judgment is quite luificient ; and Itill ai:
another time when it is again in adion, he tliall have cognizance quite well. And it ai
aftion be brout^^ht againft one for land, and a ilranger comes and claims cognizance of the pie, .
in refpeft of parcel of the fame land, the writ fhall abate ; for cognizance cannot be granted ,
for the whole of the original ought to be delivered to him, which cannot be: and therefore
it is more reafonable to abate the writ, and to put him to two writs, than that he lliuli he
outled of cognizance ; and lb the writ fliall be abated by a Ilranger. And fo here, m my



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90 Reports of the 'Judgments^ etc.

recovery taile icy de terre dcins les v. Ports ou deins Ancicii dcnicfne eft aflcz fufficient, et
neniy coram non Jiidice. Et n'eft femble a un recoverie de terre eii auter County, ou
ii recoverie foit taile en Ancun demefne, de terre que eft hors de Aacien deniefiie ; car tielz
recoveries iont coram nu)i 'Jnaue ; mcs, {\ " Formedon " foit porte vers un home en
Bank le Roy, eft aflez fufficient ; iffint a nia entente eft de terre deins les v. Ports en le
Comon Bank, car le I^'ranchife de v. Ports ad efte de temps dont niemorie i^e. F.t eil
confirme per le Statut tie Magna Charta, mes n'eft efcrit en certein, quel h'ranchile ilz ont ;
mc3 divers Franchifes ilz cLiiment, un entre autrcs, [\ alcun minifter le roy vient, deins le
Franchife d'arrefter afcun homnie, que ion tefte lera intreinte : mez nient obftant que le
recoverie foit voide, quant de la terre deins les v. Ports, uncore il eft bon quant a ceo or mis
en vieu, et auxi fon eftat n'eft monitre mefne i^:c., mes icele eft monftre pur title : donques
foit faux ou voier, il ne fuit loial a nul de eux oufter fans title. Et pur ceo i ma entente le
pleding n'eft bon. Purque il agarda I'Alfiie ^ie le remainder, &c.



De Tenniiw Alichaelis, Anno xxxvii. Hen. VI.

En brief "Error" port en Bank le Roy par le Prior de Walfingham vers le Due de
Buckingham et autres, et il aftigna pur error que ou le Seignior fiut eins en la terre nar
voye d'efchet, pur ceo que fon tenant mouruft feifi fans heir, que I'entre celuy qui av jit
I'eigne droit fuit ajuge loial, ou il fuit torciouz. Si come un mouruft ieifi, Icn heir eft e ns
par defcent, I'entrie ceft)' qui ad droit n'eft congeable fur I'heir quel eft eins per cours de
Ley, et ft come I'heir eft ajuge tenant apres la mort Ion pere coment qu'il n'entra pas coine a
brief ufer : iiluit eft le Seignor ajuge tenant en Ley, ou le tenant mouruft (ans heir.

Starkev et Spilman a le contrary J? Ol'tCfCllC ^ Perenrre les cafe^ eft

grande deverfite, come Spilman ad bien dit : car ou Iheir eft eins par defcent, la elt m\
grande privite de fang, et eft raerement eins per fon anceftre a toutes ententes, et il eft ai|Uge
tenant per Ley ; et ceo eft la ca' .e que il ne lera oulte de fon pofteftion lans cours de Ley :
mes iffint n'eft en I'autre cas, car la eft nul privity, ne le Seignior ne claime par le teiuint
eins en fon eigne droit. Et mefme le Ley de Ic cas en le remainder ; et le Ley pluftoft luffre
mifchief que enconvenience : card eft inconvenient que cefty qui eft eftranger lera ajuge
tenant fans entre. Et en femble cas, fi une teme mouruft leifi, et avoit illue, i": le baron le
tient eins par le Curtefie, Tentre celuy qui ad droit eft congeable lur le tei ant par le
Curtefie, nient obftant le mourant et le defcent. Mes la caufe eft, pur ceo que le baron ne
claime eins par la feme, eins en (on droit demefne ; mes fi le baron mouruft or I'entre n'eft
congeable fur I'heir, dii'J'a qua fupra, et ilfint le ^iiverlite. Et opinion Curia', l^iiod mta.



oj Sir yolui Fortejcue. 9 1

opinion, a recovery adjudged here of laiui within the Cinque Ports or in Ancient Demefne
is fufHcient, and not ci^ram non 'Jndicc. And it is not like to a recovery of land in another
county, or to recovery adjudged in Aiuieiu Demefne of land which is oiit of Ancient
Demefne; for fuch recoveries are iorii-n non Judice ; but if " I-'ormedon " he lirought
againif a man in the King's Bench, and a recovery be adjudged thereon, or if a fine be
levied in the King's Bench, it is iLifficient. So, in my opinion, it is of laiui in the CiiK|ue
Ports, in the Common Bencli ; for the liberty of the Cinque Ports has been from time of
which memory &c. ; and it is confirmed by the Statute of Magna Charta, but it is noi:
written in certain words what franchifes they have ; but they claim divers franchifes ; one
among others being that if any of the King's fervants come into the liberty to arrert: any
man, his head fhall be broken. But notwithftanding that the recovery bj void as to the
land within the Cinque Ports, flill it is good as to the land which is now let in view ; ai d alfo,
his elLite is not fhown to be mefne (S:c., but this is fliown for title ; then be it falfe o. true,
it was not lawful tor any one to oult them without title. And therefore, in mv opinion,
the pleading is not good. Wherefore he awarded the Ailize as to the remainder ^'c.

Michaelmas 'Term, 21 P^en. VI.
In a writ of "Error" brought in the King's Bench by the Prior of Walfingham againft i i.
the Duke ot Buckingham and others, he aligns for error that whereas the Lord was in the
land by way of efcheat, becaufe his tenant died feifed without an heir, the entry of him who
had the elder right was adjudged legal, whereas it was tortious. As when one dies feifed,
his heir is in by defcent ; and the entry ot him who has the right upon the heir who is in by
courfe of law is not congeable ; and as the heir is adjudged tenant after the death of his
father, although he did not enter by means ot a writ, fo is the Lord adjudged tenant in law

where the tenant died without heir. Stark ev and Si'ilman to the contrary .

jTOCtCfCUC; Between the cafes there is a great dill:inc^tion, as Spilman has well faid ; for
where the heir is in by defcent there is a great privity of blood, and he is entirely in by |
his ancellor to all intents; and he is adjudged tenant by law ; and this is the reafon that he
fhall not be oufted of his poflefllon without courie ot hiw ; but it is not to in the other cafe ; |
for there there is no privity, and me Lord does not claim by the tenant, but in his
elder right. And the law is the fune in the cafe of a remainder; and the law rather fufPers
mifchief than inconvenience : tor it is inconvenient that he who is a ftranger Ihould be
adjudged tenant without entry. iVnd in a like cale, It a woman dies leifed, and lias il lie,
and the huiband holds himfelf in pofTedion by the cmtely, the entry ot him who has right
on the tenant by the curtefy is congeable, notwithftanding the deceafe and defcent. But the
reafon is becaufe the hufband does not claim to be in by the woman, but in his own right ,
but if the hufliand die, then entry on the heir is not congeable, tor the reafon above given ;
and fo the diftindtion. And it was the opinion of the Court; which note. (Where entry



92 Reports of the yudgtnents^ etc.

(Ou entrie eft congeable nicnt ohftant efchet al" Seignior. P. 9, II. 7, f. 24). Et TOpinion
jFOttCfCUC eft, que le Seignior aura brief d'Kfchet, et droit de garde cement que le tenant
ne niouruft ieifi : car le niourant Icifi n'eft pas traverfable. Toli; tieiit le contrary, i^iod
nota. (^ClKwre Legem, &c.)



De Termino Michaelis, Anno xxxvii. Hen. VI.

f. 4. En rEfchequer Chambre devant Touts les Jultices le cas fuit tiel fur le Statut, que nulle

eflcippe laines, pclis, fiiion a Caleis ; et il que face, perdra le double valu. Kt oulk-r par
ceft Statut, ccfty que poet efpier, aura la tierce part apres que il foit attaint deument, ou
que il confefle en Court de record. Et fur ceo vicnt un J. en i'li'.fchequer Chambre, et fift
fuggeftion que un H. avoit efkippe certaiiies laines, pelis, ^c. eiicountre le Statut, et avoit
proces envers luy. Oui vient, et plede le chartre le Roy : et or le quel fa chartre de pardcn
Icra barre ver le roy ou nemy, s'il ne fuit barre vers le roy, ou s'il foit barre vers |. cu
neniy ; ce fuit fi bien argue mes nemy ajuge, &c. Choke : Semble que le chartre le iio\ ,
ne barre le Roy. Car il dit, que le roy par fa chartre de pardon fait puis I'efkippemei t
luy avoit \rATdo\\ fenam pads, Sic. &c. [Westbury, Yei.verton, and others follow.]

f. 4 b. AsHTON (en contrary opinion) : Et dit que la party ne poet aver adlion finon que le Stati t
luy done ac51:ion, ou autrement dit, que cefty qui fuit aura tant. Et iflint eft en le Statut de
Vicontes cefty qui fuit, et iftint n'eft en cet Statute, mes cefty que efpieia avera iVi .
JFOttCfCUC c't Prisot difent que lis ne poient voir per !iule voye coment ceo poet eftre dit
la fuite la party, et enfement nul accion ne fuite eft donne al party par le StatLic. Mcs
Prisot difoit, que comment que il fera dit le fuite le roy, imcore le chartre de jiardun'ne
barre la party pur le intereft que la party avoit devant le chartre. Sicome le roy grant(.| a
moy touts les fines et amercmients deins un certein lieu, coment que le roy veut pardoner
ceux ceo ne barre moy : lilint icy. Et tuit dit en mefme le pie, que fi on porte " Decjcs
tantum," et puis le Roy luy pardon, ou relefe, ceo n'abate mon brief per caufe de lintereft
que j'ay : mes C\ jeo fue et recovre, le roy fera barre de fon droit demefne par caufe de fi
chartre de pardon : et uncore tuit dit, fi le roy luy pardon devant afcun feifin, le chartre
eft bon barre vers quiconque qtn voille fuir. A%/ii la diverlite. Et auxi fi les Ju ors poient
barrer un de " Decies tantum '' ceo fera barre vc-r.s touts autres en apres pur c -ft matter.
i^«C'(/ iwtd. JfOVtCfCUC dit en ceo pie, que fi un face conulance a Roy pur iuertj de paix,
le Chartre le Roy ou releas fait a cehiy que ell oblige n'eft de torce, devant q'il ad entixint
le paix, iftint que le reconufance eft tortete, or ] mt le roy pardoner ou rclefier, et nemy
devant. ^{od nota. Et enfement fuit dit, que fi un doit reparer un pont, et juiis le roy



of Sir 'John Foi'tejcue. q3

is congcable, notwithftanding efcheat to the Lord. P. 9, H. 7, f. 24.) And the opinion
uf JrOlTCfCUC is, that the Lord iliall have a writ of " Lfcheat " and " Right of ward,"
although the tenant did not die feifed ; for the dying feifed is not traverfahle. Poi.K holds
the contrary. Which note, {^i^isre the law &c.)

Michaelmas '■Term, 37 Hen. VI.
In the Exchequer Chamber, before all the Juftices, the cafe was this on the Statute, 1. 4-
" that none llup wools, or fkins, except to Calais ; and he who does fo fliall lofe the double
value." And moreover, by this itatute, " he who can difcover (the wrong) fliall liave
the third part, after that he [the offender] be duly convifted, or contefs in Court of
Record. And hereupon came one J. in the Exchec]uer Chamber, and made (uggellion that
one H. had fliipped certain wools, {kins &c. contrary to the (latute, and had procefs againft
him. And the defendant comes and pleatis the King's charter; and now (tlie quelbca is)
whetlier his charter of pardon Ihall be bar againil the King or not, and if it be not .-. bar
againft the King, whether it be bar againft J. or not. This was well argued, but not
adjudged cX'c. Chore : It feems that the charter of the King does not bar the King. Lor
he fays that the King, by his charter of pardon made fince the fliipment, had pardoned fuit
of peace, &c. tkc. [Westbury, Yelverton, and others follow.] Asu ion (ot the 1. 4 L.
contrary opinion) ; And he fays that the party cannot have an a6lion imleis the ftatute gives
him an aftion, or otherwife fays that he who fues fliall have fo much. And fo it is in
the Statute of Sheriffs, viz., that he who lues [<.^:c.] ; but it is not \o in this llatute; but
[the words are] "he who iLall dilcover (hall have &c." jTOUtCfCUC and I'risot fty that _'

they cannot at all fee how this can be called the fuit of the party ; and likewife no aftion or
fuit is given to the party by the iktute ; ['.\lierefore &c.] But Puisor faid, that although
it /hall be called the fuit of the King, ilill the charter of pardon does not bar tlie party,
becaufe of the intereit that the party had before the charter. As if the King grams nic all
the fines and amercements within a certain place, although the King fliould pardon fome one '
of thefe, this does not bar me : fo here. And it was faid in the fame plea that if one bring a j
" Decies tantum," and then the King pardon or releafe, that does not abate my writ, by
reafon of the intereff that I have; but if I fue antl recover, the King fhall be barred of his
own right by force of his charter of pardon : and ftill it was faid, if the King pardon before
any feifin, the cliarter is a good bar againft anyone foever who would fue. Note the
diftlniftion. And alfo, if the jurors can bar one of " Lecies tantum," that (hall be bar ;
againft all others afterwards, for that matter. Which note. jTOVtCfCUC faid in this ] lea,



Online LibraryJohn FortescueThe works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) → online text (page 83 of 87)