John Fortescue.

The works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) online

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Aft of Parliament, which fays that no tally or allignment Ihall be admitted, all. wed, or
proffered until the Mayor &c. ; which is a fufficient matter ; and [then there is the jlea of] 1. 1.5 b.
payment to the Duke of York, and that they had nothing beyond that. And Sir, the plea
is not good ; for the Act is (as above) that no one Jhall be fcrved until the Mayor, txc. be
fatisfied ; then, the collecftors might well have barred the Duke of York ot thofe 100/. by
reafon of the faid A61 ; but they would not, but paid the faid Duke; which payment ffiall
be held as without warrant; and fo the 100/. are in their hands; and confequently
there is fufficient for the 40/. Likewife there is, in fat5l, no Act of Parliament, but only a
recital, which cannot be effcftual ; for if there be no fuch Aft, there is the payment without
warrant. This is what Yelverton faid. The Chief Baro.m fiid that the plea is not good '
for another caufe, becaufe the Acfl is conditional, viz., '' until the Mayor be fatisfied the
10,000 marks ;" and they have not furmifed in facft that the (aid 10,000 marcs were
yet unpaid ; — as if the King grant an aiuiuity " pur autre vie," to be taken out ot the
curtoms of fuch a place, and the King then grant another annuity to be taken out ot the
fame cuffoms : now if I have a " Deliberate," and he [the fccond annuitant] bring a bill of
Debt againft them, it is no plea for them to fay that I had a " Deliberate" direfted to them, I
and how they had nothing in hand ; but befides that, they muff ffiow that he for whofe lite
the annuity was granted is ffill alive: — otherwife they have no caule to pay the 400/.; ]
wherefore they ought to furmife in facft that they are yet unpaid, or otherwife it is of no
avail. Wherefore [&c.] jTOl'tCfCUC* As to that, the plea is good enough, and it is not
fimilar to the cafe which vou put, which is only matter in faft, which muff be lurmifed in 1
fa6t, ur otlierwife it is of no avail : but here, they have nothing to do (whctlier they ar • paid
or not) but to allow the " Deliberate." As in the cafe of us who are Juftices, they h: ve to
pay our falary ; and that is fufficient warrant for them, although it may be that we an paid
before ; for whether we are paid before or not does not concern them. (And this, too, was
the opinion of the Court.) And as to what Yelverton fiid, that it is necelTary to furmile
in fa<ft that there is fuch an Ad: ; this does not hold good; fur it luffices that the writ ,

• J. s : 'Jl , !•- .J


.: ■ . . 1.1 ,1 !■■'!' 'J I.-': ::'vif(

1 • . L r [j;


102 Rcp07'ts of the yudgjiioits^ etc.

reherfe tiel Afte : car le quel i! ad tiel Afte ou nemy, ceo n'eft a jnirpos a eux. Puraue.
Et a le premier point, que le pie fera double, il elt aflez fuigle : car il ad monftre que il ad
en fes mains iv. c. livres,' et que le Maior avoit brief direfle a luy pur iv. c. livrcs, et illint
remaine en lour mains c. livres des queux ils font charges par eigne " Deliberate " que ceo
ell:, et ouflre ceo ilz n'ont rien, ne [uiiflent aver melcHir pie. 1'kisoi' dir, que com que tiel
Adl' eft, " que nul ailignement fera levie tanque," ill'c. uncore quand le Due d'l'lverwike
monftra a luy un affignement de c. livres le quel remaine en lour mains, et offrit a eux
acquitance, ils iont charges a luy ; et coment que I'Afte eft, " que il ne fera levie tanque" &c.
uncore apres le paiement fait a le Maior il ccjvient que il paye le Due, et ilfmt ell charge a
le Due loialment ; en cjuel cas il ne puiOoit meliour aver plede. l^urque lVC.

T)e Ternuno Pafch.e, Anno xxxvij. Hkn. VI.

Refiduum del cas R. Ouatermeins, An. 36 H. 6, fo. 24, en I'Efcheker Chambre.

b. [BoEF, Choke, Greenfield, and others give opinions.] Wii.nv: Le contrary. Et a ceo cjue
ell dit que le chartre fera pris plus fort en avantage du Roi que il poit eftre, et plus fort encontn
le party, et que nen palTera liors du roy finon par expres paroles ; ceo eft voier en [afcun ca^ , e
en] alcun nemy, fcavoir ou la party fue un efpecial chartre de pardone, la il covient aver expre-
paroles, et certifier le roy plenerly de chofe dont il voile aver fon chartre, et la covient que
le roy foit appris per expres paroles et nemy per obfcures paroles, et la fera le chartre pris et
conftrue plus en avantage le roy, et plus en difidvantage de party, pur ceo que ceft fuite
vient folement de fr fuite demefne. Mes iliint n'eft icy, car le chartre vient du roy mcfme
et de fon efpecial grace fans fuite on mefne del' party, eins i>iero mot it re^is, et ceo pan. on
lera pris plus beneficial pur la party, pur ceo que le Ley entende que le roy eft appris de

,, chofe pardone per expres paroles fibien come per expres paroles en efpecial Charter: et inir|t
diverfite perenter efpecial pardon et general, ^iod Markham et alii "Jnfticiarii coiicejjerun: .

Et Sir, a ceo que eft dit par Mon maiftre Choke, entant que ceft chofe eft u!i

duty accrue au roy, et n'y f^nt nules paroles en le chartre a pardoner cell faux retorne ; et
fi ceft faux retorne ne poit eftre entendu par les paroix en le dit chartre contenus &c. fcavoii-
" oftei.ces," &c. Donque c'eft fufHcient : quar fi le tranlgrellion foit par caufe del' amerriment
et pardone, ergo per conJeqiiens\i\WQX(:\Vi\^v\^^xxo\\\ow^. Sliiod concejferunt "Jiijiiciarii. Et quant
de furcefler de fon temps et que le Viconte poit eftre de ceo afterte alTez bien, pur ceo que
ceo eft de fon retorne demefne, et de fon fait demefne, il poit bien prendre conulance . Sir, en
ceft cas il n'ad furcefte fon temps, le Viconte ne poit eftre appris de ceo devant or ; car
nientobftant le retorne fuit fon fait demefne, ceo ne fult appurpos a luy uncore ; car fon

' Fitzherbcrt's Abriilo-mtnt has KOOl. ; ami (.oriiCTIv.

' C' 't

oj Sir "John Furtcjcue. \ot,

recites fuch an Aifl ; for wliethcr there is TlicIi an Act or not docs not concern tlieni.
Wherefore &c. And on the firft point, that the plea is doiihle ; it is lingle enough ; for
he has lliown that they have in hand 500/., and that the Mayor had a writ direc^led to him
for 400/. ; and io there remain in their hands 100/. with which they are charged by an elder
" Deliberate " than that was ; and beyond this they have nothmg ; and they could not have
pleaded better. Prisot ("aid that although the Aft is, " that no alignment fliall be levied
until" &c., {till when the Duke of York fliowed to him an alignment for too/., which
remained in their hands, and offered to tliem an acquittance, they were charged to him ; and
although the Aft is that " it fhall not be levied until " &c., flill, after the payment made to
the Mayor, he muft pay the Duke ; and fo it is charged legally to the Duke ; in which cafe
he could not have pleaded better. Wherefore (S:c. ,

Eafter Term, 37 Hen. VI.
The reft of the cafe of R. Ouarterrnains, Anno 36 Hen. VI. f 24, in the F.xchequcr c. 21.
Chamber. [BoEr, Greenm-ield, and others give opinions.] Wiebv : The contrary. And I ji b.
as to what has been faid that the charter Ihall be taken as ilrongly as polfible in favour of
the King, and f-lrongly againfl; the party, and that nothing pafTes out of the King except by
exprefs words ; this is true in fome cafes, and in others not ; viz. where the party fues a
fpecial charter of pardon, there there mufl: be exprefs words, and the King mull: be fully
certified of the thing in refpeft of which he wifhes to have the charter ; and. there, alio it is
necefTary that the King be informed by exprefs words and not by obfcure words ; and in
fuch caie the charter Hiall be taken and conilrued mofl; in favour of the King, and moll to
the difadvantage of the party ; becauie this tuit comes iblely tVom his own liiit. But it is
not fo in this cafe ; for the charter comes from tlie King himielf of his fpecial grace without
iuit or means of the part} , but of the King's mere motion ; and this pardon fliall be taken
moll: beneficially for the party ; becaufe the law fuppofes that the King is informed of the i
tiling pardoned by exprefs words, as well as by exprefs words in the fpecial charter ; and lo it. 11.
there is a diitintlition between fpecial and general pardon. To which M.\rrh.\.\i and other
Juiiices agreed. . . . And, Sir, as to what is laid by my Mailer Chock, that inalmuch as
this thing is a duty accrued to the King, and there are no words in the charter to pardon
this \\\{^ return, and fo this falle return cannot be underllood as being within the words
contained in the faid charter, to wit " offences &c. ;" [even] then, it [the charter] is luflicient ;
for if the trefpafs be the reafon of the amercement and be pardoned, then, by coniequen e, the
amercement is erroneous. And to this the Juflic'es agreed. And as to furceafing his tin e, and
that the flicriff might have been well certiiied of this, becaufe it is his own return, aiu! of liis
own aft he can well take cognizance ; Sir, in this cafe he did not lurceafe his time ; for the
fheriff" could not be informed of this before ; for notwithllanding that the return was his own
aft, this matter was not yet brought to his notice; for his return was good and legal after

1 04 Reports of the yiulgnie?its^ etc.

retorne tint bon et loyal apres deux ans, tanquc les Coroners certifient le record que fi'it
Ullage ; et ceo ne fuit le fait le Vicoute, eins de fes Coroners, de que! il ne puifle aver
conulance devant que il foit garni de ceo, et il n'ad furcelTe Ton temps : car il n'avoit unquei
temps pur pleder fon cliartre devant or. Car devant le record certifie par les Coroners, il
ne poit pleder fon chartre, car nul tranlgreflion ne defaut appert, ne fuit en le Viconte
devant le certification des Coroners ; et tantolt come les Coronerz avoient ccrtiiie, mefme le
terme les Jultices luy amercerent et I'amercerent alTeilerent et le mir[enfj en I'F.fchequer,
iflmt ne poit il aver avantage de fon Chartre devant or, car devant il ne purra aver conufar.ce
de ceo matter, et tantoll come il avait conufance il face come la Ley veut. jTOttCfCUC :
Paraventure, s'il uft venu devant nous devant le certificacion des Coronerz, et porte fon
chartre et monltre a nous que il avoit fait un faux retorne, et pria aide de chartre, nous lu)
eidenons: car fi un foit endite devant nous in^ais, et fi I'endite devant afciin proces agarde
vers luy vient devant nous, et monftre le chartre du Roy, nous luy eiderons fibien come il
f. 22 b. uit venu per proces: iffint icy. [Moile, Danvlrs, and others follow.] JFOttCfCUP : Ceft
verite, un amerciment elt plus petit tranfgreflion que poit eftre, mes font general amrrci-
ments qui font aHeffes par le ferment de xij homes, et font efpecials amerciments qui fe ont
aifelTes officialment par nous Jullices, c'eft un. !^iod nota. Et uncore eft diverfite pare itre
amerciment et un fine ; car fur un fine la party avoit tout temps jour a mettre eins fon pK aes
pur fon fine, et ilfmt ne fera amerciment. Nota bene le diverfite. Et opinio Onih-um
Jujltciarionim, que le party aura avantage per fa chartre. Et adjoiirnantur in Banco &i.c. &c.
Frincipium An. 36 H. 6. fol. 2^;.

De Termino Michaelis, Anno xxxviii. Hen. VI. ' |

Et un brief d'Error en Bank le Roy, le plaintif afiigna pur error, que ou en brief d'lt.ntre
;;/ confimili cajii le tenant dit que il ne aliena en fee, et le plaintif maintint fon brief que
il aliena en fee, preft ; ou le tenant duiflbit aver dit que il ne aliena, prefl: ; et I'liuter
auroit rejoint que il aliena, preft. jTOttCfCUe dit, que rifiue ne poit eftre melior pris : car
adire que il ne aliena pas, et I'autre que il aliena, ceo ne vault: car cell: iffue poit eftre trove
ove le demandant, et uncore il ne recovera rien, car poit eftre que le tenant alima fon cftat,
come bien poit taire : donque ceo eft trove pur le demandant que il aliena; et uncore il n'ad
caule d'aftion ; donque a prendre tiel iftiie que poit eftre trove pur le demandant, et uncore
il n'aura fon Jugement, ceo fera en vain. Mes il ad fait melior; car il dit que il ne aliena
pas en fee, et le demandant dit que aliena en fee ; ceft eft bon iflue, et accordant a I'eftat
et al brief, et cefte alienacion en fee fera dit tiel alienacion que eft a la difenheritance le
demandant: purque me femble fiffue bon. . . . Pole: Me femble le contrarie. ...

of Sir 'Jolui Fortcfcuc. 105

two years, until the coroners certified the record of outlawry ; and this was not the aft of
the flierit}, but ot his coroners, ot which he cannot have cognizance before being warned
thereof; and he has not fiuxeafed his time; for he had never time to plead his charter
before. For before the record certified by the coroners, lie could not plead his charter; for
no trelpals or default appears or exills in the IlierifT before the certificate of the coroners;
and as loon as the coroners had certified, in the fame Term the Juftices amerced him, and
afiefl'ed the amercement, and fent it into the Exchequer, fo that he could not liave advantat::;e
of his charter before; for, before that, he could not have cognizance of the matter; and as
i'oon as he had cognizance, he did as the law requires. jTOttCfCUC' Perhaps, if he had
come before us, before the certification by the coroners, and had lirought his charter and
fliovved to us that he had made a falfe return, and prayed aid of the charter, we fhoi'ld have
aided him : tor if one be indicfted before us in Pais, and the indidlee, before award of any
procefs againft him, come before us and fliow the charter of the King, we will aid him as
well as if he had come by procefs: io here. [Moile, Danvers, and others follow.]
jFOl'tCfCUC : It is true, an amercement is the I'mallell: trefpafs that can be; but there f. 2-
are general amercements which are aflt-fied by oath of twelve men ; and there are fpecial
amercements which lliall be afleffed officially by us who are Jullices, and this is one. (Note
this.) And itiil there is a diflinftion between an amercement aiul a fine ; for on a fine the
party fhall always have a day to put in pleciges for his fine ; and on an amercement it fliall
not be fo. Note the difference. And it is the opinion of all the Jull:ices that the party
fhall have advantage by his charter. Adjourned in Banco c\:c. &c. [The beginning of the
above cale is in j6 H. 6, t. 24 ]

MicJiaehnas Term, 38 Hen. VI.
In a writ of " Error " in the King's Bench, the plaintiff alFigned t^or Error, that whereas in (".13.
a writ of " Entry " in confintili ccijii, the tenant laid tliat he did not alienate in fee, and the
plaintiff maintained his writ, viz. that "he did alienate in fee; ready &cc.," the tenant I
ought to have faid that he did not alienate ; ready &c. ; and the other ought to have
rejoined that he did alienate ; ready &c. jTOCtCfCllC fiii-li that the iffue could not l<e taken I
better; for to fay that he did not alienate, and the other that he did alienate, is of no avail ;
for this ilTue may be found for the demandant, and yet he fliall recover nothing ; for it may
be that the tenant alienated his eltate, as he could well do ; then it is found foi' the '
demandant that he alienated ; and ftill he has no caufe ot adioii ; then, to take fuch iflue
that can be found for the demandant, and llill that he fliall have no judgment, v, ould
be ufelefs. But he has done better ; for he fiiys that he did not alienate in fee ; and the
demandant fays that he did alienate in fee ; and this is a good iffue, and accordant with the
eftate and the writ ; and this alienation in fee fhall be called fuch an alienation as is to the
ditheritance of the demandant. Wherefore it feems to me that the iliue is good. ... ;
II.- p

J-, I , .;! ;.;.

io6 Reports of the yudg/nents^ etc.

3 Ij- Yelverton : A mefiiid I'entent JFOttCfCUC ', Semblc que ceo efl; bon

Ley en voftre cas dc Diiui fait rnfra iClatem, adire que il lie aliena jxis, et fi trove loit
que il aliena, le quel eftat que il loit, cfl: fufficieiit pur le detnandant: n es iflint n'eft icy, car
coment que ii trove ell icy que il allienafon eftat, il ne recovcra james; et pur ceo lez cafes ne
font fembles : et pur ceo covient a le tenant adire que il ne aliena pas en fee, et le demandant
inaintenir que il aliena en fee, et nemy tant lolemenc que il aliena, mes que il aliena en tee.
Et en plufors cafes covient a le demandant a traverfer tout ceo que efl: allege per le tenant,
coment que il y avoit deux ou trois matters. Sicome en brief de " Cofinnge " fi le tenant dit
que ceft coiin de qui poireffion il ad port fon ac^fion, ad iflue un J. qin luy furvcfquilT: de qui
poffeifion il covient porter cell action, le demandant dira que cell: cufin navoit tiel ilTue que luy
furvefquift et fuit feifi ; tout ceo il aura en fon pie. Et illint fera en plufors cafes femblables:
et iffint icy le tenant dira que il ne aliena pas en fee, et le demandant maintien Ira que il ne
aliena en fee, et cefte ilTue fera entendu toutes alienacions a fon difinheritance. Kr adjoiir-
natur. (^Rejlduum, {. ii.)

En brief d'Entrie iibi ingrejfus non datiir per Lt-ge))! par un home, Le defendant
pleda en barre. Et le plaintiff replie ; et appert par fa replication, que le plaintif n'avoit rien
iinon en droit la femme, et puis riffue trove pur le plaintif. Et or le plaintir pria fon
Jugement. Et le defendant dit que a le Jugement ne deves aler, pur ceo que appert pa- la
replicacion que il ii'ad rien finon en droit fa feme ; en quel cas ele doit eftre nome ove h.y ;
le quel matter appert par fa replicacion demefne, et il appert que fon brief efl: en fon nom
fole enterlelTant la feme. Jugement, (\ 8cc. Et le plaintif pria fon Jugement pui- riens
que il ad dit : car cell aiflion gill de terres en droit fa feme en fon nom fole, car ceo n ell
forfque aiflion perfonel, et nule franktenement fera recovere mes tant folement da.nage; co ne
en brief de tranfgrellion a la Comon Ley, le c[uel gifl: pur le baron entrelefiant fa feme. Et
Sir, en plufors autres cafes que ceo elT: ; car " Qiiare impedit " gifl pur le baron entreleffant
fa feme, et uncore la il recovera le prefentment, et icy il ne recovera forfque damages. El
le defendant dit, que nient femblable le cas de " Quare impedit," car le " Ouare impedit,'' ell

f, _^, done forfcjue pur le diflurbance, et le avoidance ell un title a le baron fole et velle en le
baron, et le baron prefentera coment que fa feme morull fans iflue, et puis alera a ks
executors et iHint ne fera celle aiition ; car cell action trenche en le droit renhcritancc
et le droit fera trie par cefl aiftion, a quel covient que la feme fera party. Sicome en
" Detinue de chartres " concernantes I'enheritance la feme, I'adtion fera porte par le baron et
fa feme, et nemy par le baron ; et imcore ceo ell perlonele artion : mes la caufe ef pur ceo
que les chartres touchent I'enheritance la feme, et la ele covient ellre nome. 1- 1 mefme

of Sir yo/m Foriefciic. \oj

Pole: The contrary appears to me. . . . Yelvkrton : To the fume purport.
jTOVtCfCUC fiiJ : Jt appears that it is good law in your cale of a Dmti fitit infra
u-tatem, to fivy that he did not alienate, and if it be found that he did alienate, whatever the
eftate may be, it is fufficient for the demandant : but it is not fo here ; for although it be
found here that he alienated his ellate, he fliall never recover ; and therefore the caies are
not fimilar; and therefore the tenant mull: fiy that he did not alienate in fee, and the
demandant muil maintaui that he did alienate in fee; and not only that he alienated,
but that he alienated in fee. And in many cafes the demandant has to traverfe all that is
put forward by the tenant, although there be two or three matters. As in writ of " Cofinage "
if the tenant fays that this coufm on whofe pofreifion he has brought his aflion, had ilfue one
J., who furvived him, on whole poffeilion he muft bring this adion, the demandant fliall iay
that this coufin had not fucli ifl'ue who furvived him and was feifed ; all this he fhall have in
his plea. And fo it iliall be in many fmiilar cafes : and io here the tenant fhall fiy that he
did not alienate in fee, and the demandant fhall maintain that he did alienate in fee; and
this ifTue fhall be underftood of all alienations to his difinheritance. Adjourned. [The
remainder of the cafe is at f 1 1.]

In a writ of " Entry," " where entry is not given by law," the defendant pleaded in bar;
and the plaintitT replied ; and it appeai'ed by his replication that the plaintiff had nothing
except in right of his wife; and afterwards the iHue was found for the plaintifT. And riow
the plaintiff prayed his judgment. And the defendant faid that he ought not to go to
judgment; for it appears by the replication that he has nothing except in right of his wif^e ;
in which cafe /he ought to be named with him ; which matter appears by his own replica-
tion, and it appears that his writ is in his name alone, leaving out his wife : judgment,
whether &c. And the plaintiff prayed his judgment notwithftanding anything that he
(the defendant) has faid ; for this adtion for lands belonging to him in right of his wife lies
in his name alone; for it is only a perfonal adion, and no freehold will be recovered, but
only damages; as in a writ of Trefpafs at the common law, which lies for the hufband, leaving
out his wife. And, Sir, in many other cafes is it as in this; for a "Ouare impedit " lies for
the hufljand, leaving out his wife ; and ilill in that cafe he Ihall recover the prefentation ;
and here he only recovers damages. And the defendant faid that the cafe of a " Ouare
impedit" was not fimilar; for the "Ouare impedit" is only given for the difturbance, and f- 4-
the avoidance is a title to the hufband alone, and vefts in the hulhand, and the hufband fliall
prefent although his wife die without iflue ; and then it Iliall go to the executors : and this
aftion fhall not do lb ; for this action trenches on the right of the inheritance, and the right ;
ihall be tried by this adtion to which the wife muft be a party. As, in " Detinue ol
Charters" concerning the inheritance of the wife, the acftion fhall be brought by the huflwnd
and his wife, and not by the hufband alone : and yet this is a perfonal adion ; and the
reafon is becaufe the charters concern the inheritance of the wife ; and in fuch adion Ihe

r.[: ']■

■:i bib


•** If: (V

io8 ^ Rcpo?^ts of the yudgments^ etc.

Ill Ley de " Forgement des faux faits " il fera porte par anibidcux ; et iirint fenihle icy. Le
plaintif negat le cas de " forger de fiux faits:" car il dit que il fera portc par le haroii cntre-
Icflluit ia feme, ^^wd note. jTOVtCfCUC : I-e cas tic " (^uare injicdit" clt bon cas a
prover ceft cas: et Sir, en aftion de " Detinue des chartres " concernants Tenhcritance la
feme, eft voier t|ue Tadion fera porte par le baron et fa feme, pur ceo que ils font a recoverer
les chartres c[ui touchent renheritance la feme: ines fi brief de "Trefpas" foit porte des
chartres touchantes I'enheritance la feme, ceo fera porte par le baron entreleffuit fa feme,
pur ceo que il n'eft a recoverer les chartres touchantes I'enheritance la feme, mes foiement
damages pur eux: et illint diverfitie perentre ceux ad'ions. i^iod nota. Sir, fi un tenant
poic aver ceft aftion lur le il;atut, femble adonque que le baron aura fans fa feme. Et
adjornatur. Et ad alium dlcm le plaintif vint a la barre, et pria fon Jugement. Et a le
derrein le plaintit avoit Jugement a recoverer tVc.

De Termino IliHarii, Anno xxxvii). Hek. VI.

Le cas fuit tiel en le Chancery. Un Abbe avoit fue en Court Chreftean un
"Spoliacion" vers un R. dark, et un H. dark, de ceo que I'ou le dit Abbe et touts les
predeceftbrs ont efte feifis de I'advowfon de J. et enfement de TEfglife come Farlon enparlone
a tenir en propre ufe, de temps dont memory ne court, et avoit ew touts les dif.iies 6cc. la
vindrent les avant dits H. & R. et luy avoit fpoile de fes difmes, et luy tenu hors de ia
Efglife, et prifl les difmes. Et fur ceo apparurent les avant dits H. & R. et difoient que un
[tiel] fuit feifi de I'advowfon avandit couie en droit d'un tiel fa feme, en Ion demefne come dc
fee, et ouftre ceo, coment I'anceftor la feme fuit feifi devant luy, et coment le baron prefenta|
le dit R. qui a fon prefentment fuit admis, inftitute et indude, et prill: les difmes et tcntjit
I'Efglife come Parfon et Incimibent le dit baron tanque il refigna ilkc. ; et puis le dit barori|
prefenta le dit H. qui a fon prefentment is:c. et tenoit I'Efglife, et prift les dilmes itt J'ltpra :
et iffmt chefcun pur fon temps, et que I'advowfon ne unque fuit appropriate par le baron et
fa feme ne per I'anceftor la feme. Et ne entendomus pas que I'Abbe vers eux qi:i furent

Online LibraryJohn FortescueThe works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) → online text (page 85 of 87)