John Fortescue.

The works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) online

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iuice fur la terre, ne tuient /;; ejfe a le temps del ouftre : purque de ceo n'ell: reafon que il
aura aftion. Yei.verton : Le tenant a volonte aura aftion de Trefpas fans reentrie, et de
le continuance tanque le k-flbr ad determine fa volonte, come per releas fait a le diffeifor, et
hiijujmodi, qui prove ia volonte determine. j^«o^/ JTOttCfCllC negavit, et dit que il n'aura
aftion. Et oultre il dit, En ma Opinion le diffeifee n'aura adtion de Trefpas de la dilTeifn
fliit a luy fiins afcun reentrie. jFOttCfCUC dit, que il n'aura action de Trefpas fait apres le
diireiiin fans recontinuer de le tranketcnement. Et puis ex ajjenfu &c., Yilverton done
Jugenient p'ur le plaintih Jenny diioit : Sir, jeo vous moverai de le Icci nd point. Et
noliiit emu atidire, mes done le Jugement. (i^i.vre le caufe que lis ne pnndrent plus
confideracion al fecond point.)



De Termiiio Pajch^e, Anno xxxviij. Hen. \T.

f. 29. Nota, que jFottCfClIC en I'Efchequer Chambre devant Touts les Juftices de I'un B; nk

et de Tauter difoit que (i un home s'affie que il paiera a un auter xh. a certain jour, a quel

jour il ne paie pas, fi le party luy fue en Court , Chreilien pro Lffione fidei que il iaura

"Prohibition," pur ceo que ils ne poient tenir pie fur le principal. Et mefme le Ley li un

fera affie a faire un feoffment par tiel jour, a quel jour il n'.ad pas fait le feoffment, s'il foi' fue

en Court Chi-eft ien fro Lrjione fidei, il aura " Prohibition " caiij'a qua j'tipra ; car ceil fuite eft en

maner compulfion a taire le party a performer une afle qui touche le Comt le Roy, ';t le

conufance de ceft chofe append a la Court le Roy, et a nul auter Court; donque pur j unir

le party pro Ltjione Jidei de chofe dont conufance append a la Court le Roy, et nemy a eux,

, fera encontre reafon. ^<od fuit concejfiim per AJcuns ct niillus contradicit. .'■^1 id nota. Et

concordat diSlo Hankforu -Trinitatis 11 Hen. 4 en un " Prohibicion " lur tiel i,iattere &c.

f. 30 b. En I'Efchequer Chambre devant les Juftices de Tun Bank et de Tauter, Ct ok': reherce

le matter coment un tiel avoit porte brief d' " Entrie m confimili calu " vers un tiel,

fuppofant par fon brief que le tenant n'avoit entre ftnon per le demis un tiel qui tient pur

terme de fa vie, c]ui aliena en fee a un tiel. Oui dit que il n'aliena pas en tee, preft. Et

alii e contra. Et trove pur le tenant, fcavoir, que il ne alicna pas en fee : et lur ceo le



of Sir "John Fori ej cue. \ 1 7

ouilcd, he riiall have acflioii of trefpals for th.e taking of his enihleinents, although it be
taken a year after the oiitter. Jenni^'i : It is true of the emblements, bec;iule it was of his
manual labour ; but he fliall not in the finie way have damages tor the grais and other
things which grow of themfelves without manual labour of man ; and likewife, the grafs
which grew on the land two or three years after the (uit, was not in exiilence at the time
of the ouller ; wherefore there is no reaibn that he iTiall have adtion in refpect thereof.
Yti.vERTON : 'Ihe tenant at will fliall have an aftion of Trefpafs without re-entry, and for, the
continuance ; imtil the leffor has determined his wdl, as by releafe made to the difTeifor, and
fiich like things wliich prove his will determined. And this JfOftCfCUC denied, and faid that he
ihall not have an ac'lion. And furthermore he iaid. In my opmion the dilTeilee fliall not have
an acfion of " Trefpafs," for the difl'eifm done to him, without any re-entry. J~Ol'tCfCUC
faid that he fhall not have an aftion for trefpafs committed after the difl'eifin vithout a
recontinuer of the freehold. And then by affent &c. Yelverton gave judgment for the
plaintiff. Jenny laid : Sir, I will move you on the fecond point. — And he would not hear
him, but gave judgment. (Quaere the reafon why they did not take more confideration on
the fecond point.)

Eajhr Term, j8 Hen. VI.

Note, that jTOttCfCUC in the Exchequer Chamber, before all the Juftices of both f. 29.
benches, faid, that if a man undertakes to pay to another forty fliillings on a certain day, and
on that day does not pay ; if the party fue him in Court Chriil:ian for " breach of faith," he
fhall have a " Prohibition," becauie they cannot entertain a jdea on the principr 1 matter
And the fame law holds if one undertake to make a feoffment by a certain day, and on thai
day do not make the feoffment, if he be fued in Court Chril^ian for " breach of faith," he
fliall have a " Prohibition " for the reafon above ; for this fuit is in a manner a compLdfion I
to make the party perform an aft which concerns the King's Court ; and the cognizance of 1
this matter belongs to the King's Court, and to no other Court ; and fo to punlfli the party
for breach of faith in refpec'l of a matter the cognizance whereof belongs to the Kmg's Court
and not to them, would be againil; reafon. And this was agreed to by fome, and no one
diilcnted. {i^<od >wta.) And this agrees with what IIanrforu laid in Trinity Term, 11
Hen. IV., in a " Prohibition " on a like matter &c. ^

In the Exchequer Chamber before the Juflices of both benches. Choke rehearfed the f. 30 h.
matter, viz. how fuch an one had brought writ of" Entry in confimili cafu " againil fuch an
one, fuppofing by his writ that the tenant had not entry except by the demile of fuch u. one
who held for term of his life, who alienated in fee to fuch an one ; who (i. e. the tenant) faid
that he did not alienate in fee ; ready &c. ; and the other fule the contrary. And it was
found for the tenant, namely, that he did not alienate in fee. And thereupon the demandant has
brought a writ of" Error ;" and he alhgns tor error that whereas the tenant laid that he did



1 1 8 Reports of t/ie yuilg^;ients, etc.

demandant ad porte brief d'Error, et aOigna pur errour que I'ou !e tenant dit que il ne alieiia
pas en tee, le quel ne fuit pas pie, et pur ceo c]ue le dcnKuulant j^rill I'ilTue iur ceo pie,
Icavoir que il aliena itn fee, ils errerent. Vx cell matter bien debate en Bank le Roy per
certeins Termes. Prisot dit, que il ne ouit imques de ceo, et dit que il fcavoit bien que il
ne fuit unques argue la. ^iiod fccii Jiii cu)icedii>it. Mes Davers dit, que le Jugement fuit
done ex ajfenju rartium. jTortCfCUC * II n'ad efte tenu pie en nos livres adevant ; mes
entant que il efi: or efire adjuge, fi nous puifibns trover bon realon que il fera qile, \\ efl.
reafon que nous affirmons le Jugement. Et puis 11 dit a IJrown le Clerk, (|ue il lira le
record. Et le count fuit vcu, et il appert per le count que le cas fuit tiel, que un eftranger
fuit feifi, et lelTa a un tiel pur termc de vie, le remainder a le pere le demandant en tail, et
que le tenant a terme de vie aliena en fee a ceftuy or tenant, Et le brief fui', que le tenant
n'ad entre finon per le demis de un tiel, que tient pur terme de vie de h demandant <:>.
affignatw}ie le lefTor fait a luy en fee. jTOVtCfCUC .* Ceft brief eft faux per le matter moiiltrc,
fcavoir que le tenant a terme de vie tient de le demandant ex aJfignatio>ie le lellor : ar le
tenant ne poet tenir de le demandant ex cijftg>iatiuiie mes ou il ad le revercion par grant, et
nemy per remainder: mes s'il tient de demandant par remainder, \\ fcra ex diinijjione. 1 ,t \ ar
ceux cafes et auters qui appert a eux ou overtement ils tenent clerement, que le bri:f ie
vault. Purque. Choke dit, que entant que le brief ne vault, vous ne precedes pas a agu.'r
f- 3'- fes errors aifignes a or: car il fera en vain quand I'original ne vault. . . . i^ioi, fi il
concejjum fer omnes. Et iffint I'opinion que le brief abatera. Purque jTOttCfCUG dit a eux,
que ils venent en Bank le Roy devant eux a avoir lour Jugement Iur labatement de brii t,
et pur le reverter de ceo &c.



of Sh~ 'Jof^'^ Fortefcne. \ 1 9

not alienate in fee, which is no plea, anJ Liecaul'e the demandant took the illiie on that plea,
viz. that he did alienate in fee, they erred. And this matter was well debated in the King's
Bench in certain terms. I'lusui- faid that he never heard of this ; and that he knew well
that it was never argued there. (And this his companions agreed to.) But Danvkks laid
that judgment was then given by adent of the parties. jTOl'tCfCllC I Never heretofore in
our books has it been held as a plea: but inafmuch as it is now to be adjudged, it we
can hnd a good reafon that it iliall be a plea, it will be right that we affirm the judgment.
And then he told Brown, the Clerk, to read the record. And the count was looked at ; and it
appeared by the count that the cafe was this; — that a ftranger was feifed, and leafed to fuch
an one for term of lite, with remainder to the father of the demandant in tail ; and that tlie
tenant for life alienated in fee to him who is now tenant. And the writ was, " that the tenant
"had not entry excejit by the demife of fuch an one, who held for the term of the lite .f the
"demandant by the affignnient made by the lefforto him in fee." jTottCfCUC : 1 his writ is
falfe by the matter fhown, viz. that the tenant for term of life holds of the demandant " by the
alignment "of the lelTor ; for the tenant cannot hold of the demandant by allignment, except
where he has the reverfion by grant, and not by way of remainder; but if he holds of the
demandant by remainder, it fhall be " by the demife." — And by thofe cafes, and others which
appear plain to them, they clearly held that th.e writ was bad. Wheretore &c. Chore
faid : Inafmuch as the writ is bad, you cannot now proceed to argue his errors affigned ; tor
this will be in vain when the original is bad. . . . And all agreed to this. And lo the f.
opinion was that the writ fhould abate. Wherefore JpOl'tCfCUC told them to come into the
King's Bench before them to have their judgment on the abatement ot the writ, and tor the
reverfil thereof &c.



SIR JOHN FORTESCUES LIFE AND WORKS.
CORRIGF.NDA.

The name of Faithorne is in two places in the Preface p. xxiv. fpelt " Kaithone." Altliougli
the engraver infcribed his name on the plate of Chancellor Fortefcue's portrait without an " r," he
ufually inferted that letter, and it is more corre£lly ipelt " Faithorne."

In the Life of Chancellor Fortefcue, at page i6, a note to Selden's Preface by Francis Gregor
the editor of the edition of " De Laudibus Legum Angli.e " printed in 1737, is quoted as if it were
by the writer of the Preface, who died in 1654.






Online LibraryJohn FortescueThe works of Sir John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth (Volume 1) → online text (page 87 of 87)