John Gibson.

History of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present online

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Henry Perrin, Henry Smith. Jacob Landis, Henry
Kendick, Tobias Rudisilly, Jacob Krebell, Michael
Stringle, Jacob Singler, Philip Ziegler, Caspar
Crever, Philip Krenel, Derick Pleager, George
Thomas May, Nicholas Brin, Kilian Smith. Martin
Bower, George Lowerman, Martin Brunt, Michael
Allen, Christian Enfers and Nicholas Cone with
Force and Arms, &c., to arrest and imprison In
high violation & Contempt of the Laws in Disin-
herison of the sd. Honourable Proprietaries to ye
great Terror & Disturbance of his Majesties' Sub-
'jects. Inhabitants of the sd. County of Lancaster to
the evil and pernicious example of others in the
like Case Delinquents and agt. the Peace of our
Sovereign Lord the King who now is his Crown
and Dignity, &c.

Endorsed "Billa Vek.\."

The record shows that this was transferred!
to the Supreme Court.

The following amusing document relates
to the Chester County plot:

The Examination of William Cooper, of Ken-
nett. in the county of Chester in the province of

■ pensylvania on his Solemn affirmation saith that on

! or about the 20th of January Last past at the
house of the widdow Claytons in the Township
aforesaid he the said Deponant being at the place

i aforesaid at which time and place aforesaid one

! John Fletcher known by the name of fletcher ye
poett being their did spak in Great Defemation of
our proprietor Thomas Penn saying he was a Scuri-
lous Illbreed gentelman & then proseded to the
Defamation of our Government and Sung a Song
which he said he made himself wherein he Cald the

: quakers Damb, and the Government a Damnd
quaking govrndment, and went on in vindication
of Thomas Creasap, Saing wee could not justify our
proseedings against said Creasap. I Intriipting" him
and warmly justeiflng the said prosedings against
said Cresop: Desiring him to be silent or elce he
would Come to Trouble he said he was a poet and
could say what he pleased, then Song a Song in
prais of the Lord baltemore Ending Every verse
with "baltemore for ever:" So after a Litl debete

j vindicated Charles Hickinbothem and his proseed-

I ings togeather with his Acomplises calling him and
them brave gentlemen. I said that said Hickin-
bothem would soon Run the same fate which Crea-
sop had: he Dyrectly Answer'd If the said Cresop-
and Hickembothem were taken aad hanged he the
said fletcher would succeed him or them in their
plase and would be more cruel than they, mening
in exercising more hardships on the Inhabitants
over Susquehanah as by his words I understood

I and further I have not


; Taken before me this 19th day of 13 mo. 1736-7.

i Samuel Hollikgsworth.

Note.— t'his was all written by Cooper except the name of
Samuel Hollingsworth.

Similar papers were written and dated on
the same day by William Webb, of Kennett
and Thomas Jackson, Jr., of East Marl-
borough, who had been present at Widow
(Elizabeth) Clayton's (tavern) on the 20th of
January (eleventh month), 1736-37. Webb
stated that each verse ended with "Long live
Lord Baltimore for ever." The papers were
endorsed by Joseph Growdon, attorney-

It appears that Fletcher was placed under
bonds to keep the peace.


Col. Cresap was born in Skipton, Yorkshire,.

I «

"Henry Munday.
Test Edward Leet, sworn.


England, in 1702, and came to Maryland when
fifteen years of age. In 1732 he gave his oc-
cupation as that of a carpenter. He settled
at the mouth of the Susquehanna, where he
was engaged in boat-building. In 1725 he
married Hannah Johnson, of Maryland,
whose father, Thomas Johnson, March 24,
1725, had surveyed to himself Mount Johnson
Island, at Peach Bottom Ferry. Cresap

*For Our Sovereign Lord the King.







soon after went to Vircjinia, but he was not
long there before an attempt was made by a
dozen or more persons to drive him awaj'
while he was engaged in hewing timber for
his dwelling. He defended himself, and
cleft one of his assailants with a broad-ax;
he then returned to Maryland, and took out
a patent for a ferry over the Susquehanna
Elver at the head of tide- water, which must
have been at or near the terminus of the voy-
age of Capt. John Smith, of Virginia, up
the river in 1608; while located there his
restless and roving spirit led him to visit the
rich valleys thirty miles farther up the right
bank of the river, now in Hellam and Low-
er Windsor Townships, and reported the state
of afl'airs there to Lord Baltimore, who con-
templated as early as 1721 to extend the
northern boundaiy of his province on the
west side of the Susquehanna to the northern
limits of the fortieth degree of latitude.
Gradually a few settlers from Maryland
moved up to Conojohela (incorrectly Con-
odocholy) Valley. They were aggressive
to Pennsylvania settlers near them. It
was not the policy of Baltimore or his fol-
lowers to purchase lands from the Indians;
they drove them away by force of arms, and
hence we find that the Maryland settlers
treated the Indians on the west side of the
river with cruelty. They had no person ca-
pable of holding the ground they had taken
against the Indians or the followers of Penn,
who were on the alert to prevent Baltimore
from getting a foothold upon this disputed
land. Cresap came up to Conojohela Valley
in March, 1730, and built a block house upon
the banks of the river three and one half
miles below "VVrightsville, near the site of
Leber's Mill. In the same year he took out
a Maryland patent for several hundred acres
of land near the river and for "Blue Rock
Ferry" at same place. In 1731 Cresap
was commissioned a justice of the peace for
Baltimore County. After many attempts to
capture him, he was finally taken on the 25th
day of November, 1736, by Sheriff Samuel
Smith and twenty-four armed men. His
wife stood by him and fought at his side.

At this time he had at least two and per-
haps three of his children with him, the eld-
est being about nine years of age. In the
meantime his wife and children resided with
his cousin Daniel Lowe, who drove one of
the German settlers from his place in Grist
Valley (Kreutz Creek), near the Codorus. Col.
Cresap's education was limited, but he be-
came a land surveyor, and was of great
service to Lord Baltimore in extending the
western boundary of Maryland from the

source of the south branch of the Potomac
due north, which added at least one third
more territory to Maryland. In 1735 he took
out a Maryland patent for a group of islands,
at the Blue Rock Ferry, called the "Isles of
Promise." Gen. Jacob Dritt afterward be-
came the owner of these islands, which were-
sold to John B. Haldeman. About 1739
Cresap again moved beyond the frontier and
took up about 2,000 acres of land in Mary-
land along the Antietam Creek where he es-
tablished a store and Indian trading post.
He accumulated a large quantity of furs and
peltries and shipped them to England, the
vessel was captured by the French and he
lost everything. He moved farther west to
wittiin two miles of Cumberland, where he
again embarked in the Indian trade until the
French and Indian war when he raised a
company of Rangers. He had a number of
skirmishes with the Indians and stood his
ground manfully assisted by his sons. He
was elected a representative for a number
of years from Washington County to the,
Maryland legislature. When the French
and their savage allies attempted to wrest
the entire territory west of the Alleghany
Mountains from the English, he and his sons
at their own expense raised two companies of
volunteer soldiers. Col. Cresap became a
very large landholder. He became totally
blind a few years before his death. He mar-
ried a second time, it is said, when he was .
eighty years of age. He died in 1790, at
his home in Alleghany County, Md. , aged
eighty- eight.

His first wife Hannah Johnson, during
"Cresap's war,'' frequently mounted a
horse and rode with the mounted militia in
battle array, with a sword by her side. And
when Cresap's stronghold was surrounded ,
by miliria from Donegal, she knew how to ,
handle a musket, she never manifested any.-
fear, but superintended the construction,
of a house, and the building of some,
flats, in the absence of her husband at,
John Hendricks', now the upper end of
Wrightsville, where forcible possession had
been taken of Hendricks' plantation by
Cresap. And while there she saw a flat tilled
with armed men crossing the river. She
mounted her horse and sounded a bugle, and
rode rapidly to Cresap's fort, three miles and
a half further down the river, and returned
at the head of the militia..^

Thomas and Hannah Cresap had five children
— three sons and two daughters — as follows:
Daniel, remained in Washington County,
Maryland, became a very large landholder
and a celebrated hunter as well as farmer..


He was about fourteen years of age when i
the family left York County. By his first
wife he had one son, Michael, who com-
manded a company in Dunmore's war in
1774, and was afterward colonel of militia.
-By a second wife he had seven sons and three
'daughters, to-wit: Daniel, Joseph (James C.
Cresap, a descendant of Joseph, is now a
lieutenant in the United States Navy, and is
stationed at Annapolis, Md. The blood of the
Cresaps ran through the veins of the late Gen.
Ord and the late attorney general, Luther
Martin), Van, Robert, James, Thomas,
Elizabeth,Mary and Sarah. Daniel marched
in his uncle's company to Boston in 1775.
James was for number of years in the Mary-
land legislature.

Thomas, second son of Col. Cresap, was
killed by an Indian — whom he killed at ,
the same instant. He left a widow and one i
ichild. The Brents of Washington come j
from this son.

Michael the youngest son of Col. Cresap
was born in Frederick County, Md., June 29,
1742. He was the successor to his father in
the Indian trade, and owned a large trading
store at "Old Town," a few miles west of i
Cumberland. He was an Indian fighter from
his youth. In 1774 he employed several men |
and descended the Ohio River and was en- |
gaged in the business of erecting houses and
"clearing lands for the settlers, and while
thus engaged he received a circular letter
from Dr. Connolly the commandant at Fort
Pitt, that there was danger of an Indian war,
and that a number of the Indians were upon
the war path. The settlers became greatly
alarmed; he and his party hastened up to
Fort Wheeling, and anticipated an attack
upon them by the Indians, by first striking
them. Some of his party killed several
Indians near Wheeling, and afterward they
went up the river and killed the family of
the celebrated Indian chief Logan and sev-
eral others. Capt. Cresap, it has since been
proven, was not with either of these parties
in person at this time. It turned out after-
ward that Connolly was entirely mistaken as
to the Indians being on the war path, and he
■was the primary cause of the killing of Logan's
family. It did not take Logan and other
Indian warriors long to put on the war paint
•after his family was killed. The border set-
tlers suffered fearfully along Cheat River,
Dunkard Creek and the Monongahela. Their
"Cruelties were followed by "Dunmore's war."
The Virginians fought a great battle at Point
Pleasant on the Ohio, which brought about a
treaty of peace with the Indians. Col. Con-
nolly attempted to shift the blame of inciting

the border settlers to destroy the Indians
from his own shoulders to Capt. Michael,
Cresap. (It is possible that Connolly inherited
a prejudice against Cresap. He was born on
the eastern side of the Susquehanna River
opposite Col. Cresap's fort; Cresap and his
men destroyed a dozen or more houses for the
Indian trader, James Patterson, who owned
a plantation on the east side of the Susque-
hanna, where Cresap lived, and had owned it
for a dozen years before Cresap came up
from Maryland. Dr. Connolly was the son
of Patterson's widow by a third husband.)
Col. John Gibson, who reported Chief Logan's
famous speech, was born in Lancaster. Capt.
Michael Cresap was held in very high esteem
by his neighbors. He was the first person in
Maryland to raise a company of volunteer
riflemen. He marched at their head to Bos-
ton in 1775, where he fought with great
bravery. He took very sick and was com-
pelled to return to New York, where he died.
Miichael Cresap left five children — two sons
and three daughters, viz. : Mary, married
Luther Martin, Esq.. the distinguished ad-
vocate who defended Aaron Burr; Elizabeth,
married Lenox Martin, Esq., brother of
Luther, who left a large family; Sarah,
married Osborn Sprigg, Esq. — she left four


The following cut represents the first large
stone house, so far as is known, that was

1 erected within the limits of York County.

I It was built by John Shultz and his wife
Christina in the year 1734, at a time when
there were doubtless no other two story
houses west of the Susquehanna. It was
originally in Hellam Township. Since the
formation of Spring Garden, it is situated
in that township and belongs to the Glatz
estate. Hon. A. Hiestand Glatz, who takes

! great interest in the relics of the past, some
years ago procured a cut of this land-
mark, and upon request kindly allowed its
insertion in this work. This house, still in
use, is in an excellent state of preservation,
even though it is now (1885) one hundred
and fifty-one years old.

In its early history it was one of the old
time public inns, and if it could speak might
tell many an interesting story of our colonial
da3's as well as of Revolutionary times. A
well authenticated tradition asserts that on
the 30th of September, 1777, the members
of the Continental Congress, while on their
way from Philadelphia to York to make the
last-named place the seat of government
during the British invasion of Pennsylvania
and occupancy of Philadelphia, stopped at



this house for rest and refreshment. They
were traveling on horseback, and the saddles
used by those distinguished patriots greatly
excited the curiosity of the surrounding
populace, who were then unaccustomed to
seeing such expensive luxuries.

The house is quaint and antique in design,
though yet a convenient and comfortable
residence. One of the walls contains the
following words, carefully caryed on a sand-
stone tablet:

"17aQo34 Hab ich, Johann Schvltz, vnd
Cristina Seine frav dises havs-bavt."

Translation: In the year 1734, John
Schultz and his wife, Christina, built this

was used very extensively during the colonial
period of our history, as well as much later.
It was chartered November 17, 1742. Rich-
ard Peters, secretary of the Province of
Pennsylvania! in writing to the proprietaries
under the above date says "James Anderson's
petition for a ferry was presented to Mr.
Thomas Penn, and he gave me verbal orders
to make out the patent.

Gen. Gates, after his success at Saratoga
in the capture of Gen. Burgoyne and his
army, crossed the river at this ferry while on
his way to congress then in session in York.
He remained over night with Col. Alexander
Lowry, who lived on the Lancaster County
side of the river. Many of the congressmen,

Not far from this house is the site of the
Revolutionary prison, described in the history
of Windsor Township.

Anderson's feehy.
Anderson's Ferry, about three miles above
Wrightsville, at Marietta, seems to have been
a crossing place as early as 1725. In the
spring of 1727 there are records that Pres-
byterian clergymen of Donegal, Lancaster
County, crossed here to visit settlers "along
the Conewago on the west side of the river."
Bertram Boyd "missionated" in York County
about the time herein mentioned. This ferrv

and others who had business with congress
also crossed at this ferry.


In 1783 there were in Hellam Township
16,037 acres of land not vacant, 101 dwell-
ing houses, 86 barns, 8 mills, 7 slaves, 345
male citizens, and 320 females. The follow-
ing is a complete list of the taxables for the
year named :

Anderson & Lowry £ 400

Andrew Alexander 143

Peter Beidler, 300 acres .506

Widow Beidler, 150 acres, 2 stills 533

Jacob Baltzer, 150 acres 4.56


Adam Bahn, 140 acres, 1 still £658

JohnBahn, 20 acres 25

Sebastian Brown, 13 acres 40

Craft Billet, 100 acres 113

Michael Blessing. 150 acres, 1 still 310

John Bauman, 75 acres 140

Jacob Bruckhardt, 100 acres, 1 still 305

Frederick Baker 20

George Clopper (weaver) 44

Samuel Crawford 20

Jacob Comfort (innkeeper), 12 acres 50

Adam Klein, 100 acres 53

Mathias Clopper, 35 acres 65

Michael Crow, 50 acres 553

Alexander Crow. 150 acres, 1 still 548

Henry Cann, 357 acres 669

Abraham Coble, 100 acres 139

George Catz, 196 acres 162

Jacob Kauffman, 370 acres 504

George Dietz, 230 acres 619

Philip Decker, 193 acres 673

Michael Durstein, 75 acres 286

Adam Daron, 75 acres 144

George Druck, 30 acres 119

Joseph Bellinger, 100 acres 134

Gen. James Ewing, 150 acres (silverware £7). . 908

Henry Fisher, 30 acres 421

Jacob Freese '65

Philip Fritz, 100 acres 249

George Freese, 300 acres 232

John Fox, 51 acres 43

David Freese, 200 acres 424

John Flory, 130 acres 453

Isaac Plory, 130 acres 424

Jacob Flory, weaver, 70 acres 264

Abraham Flory. 68 acres 267

Baltzer Fitz, 1.50 acres, 2 stills 645

Martin Gardner, 200 acres, 1 still 586

William Gallager 30

Philip Gardner, 350 acres, 1 slave, 2 stills 722

Martin Huber, 190 acres 550

Jacob Heyer . . .- 51

John Hall, 98 acres 61

George Heibly. blacksmith 45

Jacob Heibly, 100 acres 164

George Hoyer, 92 acres 150

John Herr, 340 acres 1135

Widow King, 100 acres 57

Christian Kunkel, innkeeper 66

Henry Kindig, 200 acres, 2 stills 390

Godlieb Kunkel, 150 acres 195

Baltzer Kunkle, 150 acres, 1 still 215

Samuel Landis, 10 acres 82

Christian Lehman, 150 acres 246

Valentine Liphart, 180 acres 445

Henry Liphart, 168 acres, 2 stills 632

Jacob Lanius, 150 acres, 1 still 556

Henry Lanius, 150 acres, 1 still 635

Jacob Langenecker, blacksmith 40

Christian Mosser, 80 acres 139

John Mate, 400 acres 334

David Mellinger, 135 acres 460

George Mantel, tanner, 5 acres 375

John Myer 20

Michael Miller, 200 acres 582

John Mate, Jr 30

Casper Mate, 100 acres 532

Ulrich Neucommer, 70 acres 64

John Neucommer, 130 acres 194

Daniel Neas, 117 acres, 1 slave 372

Christian Neucommer, 80 acres 63

Ulrich Neucommer, Jr., 80 acres 74

Christian Rupp, 100 acres 168

Jost Reib, 10 acres 114

Michael Rudy, 190 acres 479

Philip Rupp 30

John Reist 40

Philip Sultzbach, 184 acres 450

Henry Strickler, 80 acres, 1 grist-mill, 1 saw-
mill £603

Jacob Strickler, Jr., 180 acres 644

Christian Stoner, 177 acres, 2 saw-mills 826

John Strickler, 195 acres 483

John Strickler, 180 acres 598

James Smith, Esq., 1,000 acres 600

Henry Strickler, 136 acres 4S8

Jacob Shultz, blacksmith, 94 acres, 1 slave... . 615

Daniel Schneitman, 50 acres 66

Adam Swope, 50 acres 43

John Shultz, 200 acres, 1 saw-mill 690

JohnShroll, Jr., 150 acres 143

John Sneider, 100 acres 39

Christian Shroll, 50 acres 79

Jacob Statler, 30 acres 40

Jacob Stentz, 180 acres 303

George Shallow, innkeeper, 100 acres 204

George Shallow, Jr 20

Samuel Speiser 20

Michael Zacharias 30

Philip Thomas, 90 acres 139

Abraham Demuth, 100 acres 129

Jacob WeltzhofEer, 170 acres 672

AVolfE Wendel 20

Michael Weiland 20

Samuel Wright, 400 acres 1850

Jacob Witmer 73

.lohn Wright, 500 acres, 2 slaves 2055

William Willis 20

Solomon Williams 78

John Wyland, 99 acres 235

John Steiner, weaver

William Holtzinger 20

Simon Holtzinger 20

Widow Morgan, 200 acres 450

Tikabat Stater 20

Solomon Williams 20

James Williams 20

Abraham Bruckhardt, 300 acres 309


Christian Reist, weaver. John Fitz, weaver.

Michael Durstein. John Peterman.

Joseph Reed. John Ewing.

Nicholas Heltzle. John Strickler, Jr.

Godleib Rupp. Casper Wolff.
Jacob Shultz, blacksmith. Jacob Longenecker, black-
Henry Bainnie, weaver. smith.

Henry Geip. George Druck.


The Lutheran and Reformed Church. —
This is popularly known as "Kruetz Creek
Church" though it existed nearly a half cen-
tury before the name ' 'Kreutz Creek" came in-
to use. During the time of the early German
settlement, west of the Susquehanna, the
Lutheran and German Reformed people of
this community worshiped with the settlers
near the Codorus, so that it is entirely prob-
able that the first religious services by the
Germans west of the river, were conducted
in this valley until 1741, when the town of
York was founded. A synodical meeting was
held in this valley in the year 1745. It was
between that date and 1751 that the first
church was built of logs on a tract of 50
acres, obtained by grant from the heirs of
William Penn, "at the rate of £15 lOs. per
100 acres with a quarterly quit-rent of one



half penny per acre." The land was deeded
to Martin Shultz, Jacob Welshoffer, Henry
Smith and George Amend in trust for the
use of the "Reform Duch and Lutheran Con-
gregations." In 1777, a stone church was
built, which was in use until 1860, when the
present brick church, 60x44 feet, with end
and side galleries, was erected. It is located
at a beautiful site to the left of the turnpike
near the village of Hellam.

June 2, 1825, Thomas Cadwalader, of
Philadelphia, as attorney for the heirs of
Penn deeded "to Jacob Weltzhoffer, Jacob
Libhart, Conrad Dietz, trustees of the Ger-
man Reformed Congregation, John Bless-
ing, Simon Fries and Lawrence Fisher,
trustees of the German Lutheran Con-
gregation, forty acres and one hundred and
thirty-three perches for a consideration of
$108, surveyed and lying within the Manor
of Springettsbury in the township of Hel-

From the record of the First Reformed
Church at York, it is asce rtained that a con-
gregation of that denomination existed here
in 1751, and from these records it seems that
Rev. Jacob Lischy was the first pastor. He
was succeeded in order by Revs. John C.
Wirtz, William Otterbein, Daniel Wagner,
George Geistweite, Daniel Zacharias, D. D.,
Daniel Ziegler, D. D., R. Rahauser, E. G.
Williams and A. Wanner, D. D. The last-
named became pastor, April 1, 1882. The
Reformed membership is eighty-eight.

The early history of the Lutheran congre-
gation, is closely identified with that of
the First Lutheran Church of York, to which
the reader's attention is directed. It is known
from records that a Lutheran congregation
was organized there by Rev. Lucas Raus in
1764. The congregation was visited, and chil-
dren baptized by Revs. Candler, Handshuh,
and Muhlenburg who were followed by reg-
ularly elected pastors, viz. : Revs. Hornell and
Eager whose term of service is unknown.
The following-named pastors succeeded each
other in the order given: Nicholas Kurtz, in
1777; Jacob Goering, in 1786; J. G.
Schmucker, in 1809; Charles A. Morris, in
1815; John George Kraber, in 1818; Jonathan
Oswald, in 1835; George P. Weaver, in
1869; A. W. Lilly, in 1870. Rev. E. K.
Secrist was chosen in 1872, and is the present
pastor. The Lutheran membership is 130.
The two congregations have connected with
them, a Sunday-school of 160 pupils. John
W. Gable is the superintendent.

Vruck Valley U. B. Church.— The build-
ing in which this congregation worships, was
erected in 1884. It is a well-modeled stone

structure, 30x42, and cost $1,200. An or-
ganization was effected December 30, of the
same year it was built. The membership is
about thirty. In 1885 Rev. Isaac H. Albright
was pastor. The church is located in the
northern part of Hellam Township in the
valley after which it was named.


There are at present ten schools in this
district, the names of which are as fol-
lows: Kreutz Creek, Rudy's, Musser's, Liv-
ergood's, Houser's, Pine Swamp, Beidler's,
Druck's, Burnt Cabin, Furnace.

For the past year John Stoner, Jr., was
president of the board of education; David
Fisher, secretary; David Newcomer, treasurer;
Solomon Kauffman, Jacob Dietz and John
Lehman, other directors. The schools are in
a prosperous condition.


Near the center of the township, on the
York & Susquehanna Turnpike, within the
past few years, has sprung into existence the

Online LibraryJohn GibsonHistory of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present → online text (page 124 of 218)