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History of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present online

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The Sunday-school was superintended by
J. S. McDanel for twelve years; he was fol-
lowed by David Strine, Dr. J. W. Roop and
H. T. Miller.

Mount Olivet Cemetery adjoining the
church is a tract of about four acres of land.
It was laid out in 1870. The first directors
were H. R. Mosser, John Miller, Owen
James, Dr. A. W. Nichols, Allen Ross, Dr.
George R. Hursh, Elias Hake, Washington
Master and Jacob Carpenter.

Mount Zion Lutheran Church. — Religious
services were first held in a sehoolhouse,
about one and a half miles from Mount Zion
Church, in Fairview Township. As the mem-
bership increased the sehoolhouse became
too small, and the people felt the need of a
larger building. One acre of ground was
bought. A building committee composed of
J. Pledger, J. Neff and A. Zinn, was chosen.
The corner-stone was laid April 17, 1858,
by Rev. C. F. Staver, of Mechanicsburg, and
was dedicated in the fall of the same year.
In 1873 some repairing was done, and
it was rededicated December 7, by Rev.
S. E. Herring. The following ministers
preached in this church : Revs. Staver, Groft,
S. Dasher, N. B. Winten, A. N. Warner, J.
E. Honeycutt, S. E. Herring, G. D. Gross,
C. B. King, and A. B. Erhard. Its officers are
Messrs. Hoover and Shetrone. elders ; Bent-
zel, Neigly, Herring and Hart, deacons.
The Sunday-school is kept up only during
the summer season ; superintendent, Mr.
Kunkle; assistant superintendent, Mr. Bentz.
The membership of this congregation is not
so large, it having been without a pastor for
some time, but it is at the present in a pros-
perous condition.

EmanueV s Church of the Evangelcial As-




sociation. — This church is located near the \
borough of Lewisberry. Its organization
dates back as far as 1850. Services were
first held in the Pinetown schoolhouse, in
the vicinity. In 1871, under the pastorate
of Rev. H. A. Dietrich, the present church
was built at a cost of SI, 200. Rev. Dietrich,
John Kline and William Downs formed the ,
building committee. The first trustees were I
J. Parks, William Bushey and George Seitz. I
The dedicatory services took place in Janu- '
ary, 1872. The ofiiciating clergymen were
Revs. H. B. Hartzler, IJ. F. Swengel and H. {
A. Dietrich. The pastors who have preached
regularly in this church since its erection
were Revs. H. A. Dietrich. A. W. Kreamer,
.J. A. Irvine, E. Swengel, S. E. Davis, B. F.
Anthony and L. Dice. The present mem-
bership" is thirty ; number of Sunday-school
pupils thirty-five.

Friends' Meeting House. — On the farm of
William Maulsby near the upper end of
Fairview was located a Quaker Meeting
House. For the particulars of it, the reader's
attention is directed to the article on " The
Friends" in this work, page 278.


Fairview Mutual Fire Insurance Com-
pany. — This company was organized, about
six years ago, as a local co-operative associa-
tion for mutual protection against fire. The
following is a list of the names of the board
of managers : Henry Atticks, president ; D.
Smith, secretary ; John S. Prowell, treas-
urer ; Andrew Sipe, John Eichinger, and
John T. Zinn. The company has been re-
markably fortunate since its existence, having
had only one or two small losses to pay.


There were quite a number of Revolution-
ary soldiers from Fairview Township, some
who lived to old age; among them were
Gen. Michael Simpson, Jacob Greenawalt
(a farmer, a large man), who lived as late
as 1827; William Sharp, J.Enfield. William
Smith lived to 1820, or later. He served in
the Second Regiment of the Pennsylvania
Line, under Capt.Watson, from February 16,
1776, one year, and accompanied Michael
Simpson on Gen.- Arnold's expedition to
Canada. He afterward enlisted in the
Fourth Pennsylvania Regiment. In 1818,
he became a pensioner. A man known as
"Red Jacket" Miller was also a soldier who
lived to an old age.

The following discharge of one of Fair-
view's soldiers is in the possession of Josiah
McDanel :

This is to certify that William Hagerty, formerly a
soldier of the Kfth Pennsylvania Regiment and in
Capt. .Tames Parr's company, was discharged from
the service while the army lay at Valley Forge, his
term o£ enlistment having expired. Given under
my hand, April 19, 1783.

James Chambers, Col.

The document is endorsed as follows:

William Hagerty is not to be molested by any
party, as it appears he is discharged from the

WrLMAM Butler,

Lieut. Col. Fourth Penn. Regiment,
Commanding at Carlisle.
Carlisle, April 36, 1783.

During the war of 1812 Jesse Pearson,
who lived a few miles north of Lewisberry,
deserted from the military service, and came
home. He was followed by soldiers dressed
in Quaker suits, but avoided being captured
by concealing himself underneath the floor
of a building. Several times a sword was
passed up and down along the cracks between
the boards; as he was lying along the length
of a board, he escaped uninjured, and was
never found by the soldiers, even though
they were led to believe he was in the build-
ing. Col. John Steele, who lived in Fishing

j Creek Valley, was a soldier on the Niagara
frontier in 1812. In old age he moved to
the West.

James McDanel was in Capt. White's
company that rendezvoused at Gettysburg in
1814. He was afterward a captain of mili-
tia of Fairview for fourteen years, commis-
sioned by Gov. Shulze in 1827. His father,
Josiah McDanel. settled in Fairview in 1766,
coming from Scotland. He was married,
Ajn-il 14, 1774, to Margaret Hunter, sister of
Gen. Hunter, of the Revolutionary army.
Philip Fetrow was drafted in 1812. Joseph
McAfee went as his substitute. James
McAfee, son of Joseph, enlisted in 1812, and
came home without leave, and was searched
for by soldiers dressed in Quaker suits.

I Samuel Fisher, now over eighty years of
age, remembers when the "River Mountains "
were infested with wolves, and when wild
turkeys and foxes were plentiful. There is
still a suflicient number of foxes.

"Robber" Lewis, noted in Cumberland,
Perry and Juniata Counties, frequently vis-
ited the mountains of Fairview Township,
and resorted at a place since known as
"Lewis' field." He was accustomed to rob the
rich and give to the poor. In 1825 he es-
caped from Chambersburg jail. He had a
wonderful career.

"In September, 1796," says the Harrisburg
Oracle, published then, "several hundred
squirrels per day crossed the Susquehanna
from the Cumberland and York County side.


Some of the inhabitants were enabled to ^
catch them as they swam the stream, and salt
i)arrels of them for winter use."

In 1803 the yellow fever raged in the
vicinity of Lisburn and Lewisberry. It was
an epidemic in Philadelphia that year. I

The voting place of Fairview is called
"The Bunches." A tavern was once kept
there by a man who was deformed. He had
a ''bunch" on his back — hence the origin of
the name.


Pinetown is the name of a small collection
of houses in the northwestern part of town-
ship. In this vicinity a considerable business
is done in the cultivation of fruits and ber-
ries, which are sold in the Harrisburg market.


At the mouths of the Conodoguinet,
Paxton and Yellow Breeches Creeks, in
1719, there were Indian villages, when
John Harris located on the site of the
present city of Harrisburg, who secured a
■charter for a ferry across the Susquehanna,
and became an Indian trader. He after-
ward purchased the alluvial lands along the
river at New Cumberland and in Fairview
Township immediately below the mouth of
the Yellow Breeches. His son, John Harris,
founder of Harrisburg, born in 1727, was
"the first white child born in I'ennsylvania
west of the Conewago Hills who attained the
age of manhood." John Harris, the father,
once narrowly escaped being tortured to
death by a squad of Shawanese Indians who
came up the river, stopped at his stone man-
sion aad demanded rum. This being refused
the Indians tied him to a mulberry tree and
were about to torture him when he was mi-
a-aculously rescued by some friendly Paxton
Indians, who were his neighbors. Under
that mulberry tree the remains of Harris
were interred at the time of his death many
years later. The place is still marked by a
tombstone surrounded by a fence.

The visit of the celebrated preacher,
George Whitfield, in 1740, to Harris' Ferry,
was a noted event to the early settlers. For
many miles in every direction they collected
along the banks of the river to hear him

In 1742 twenty-one Onondago and seven
Oneida Indians obtained a pass of the au-
thorities of Lancaster County, to pass across
it (now western part of York County), on
an expedition against the Tallapoosa Indians
in Virginia. The noted Half-King, Monoa-
tootha, died at Harris' Ferry October 4, 1754,

while there on a visit. His home was at
Lpggstown, fourteen miles below Pittsburgh.
It was believed by his twenty Indian heroes
who accompanied him, that the French had be-
witched him, and they obtained a conjurer to
ascertain the cause of his sickness. His re-
mains were interred by John Harris. This
was the same Indian chieftain that Washing-
ton visited in 1753 in order to obtain par-
ticulars of Fort Du Quesne.

During the French and Indian war in
America there was great fear and disturb-
ance along the Susquehanna, and, in fact, in
all of York County, of the hostile Indians
who were committing depredations in Cum-
berland County and np the river. The
white settlers of those sections flocked into
the secluded places and thick settlements of
York and Lancaster Counties, and some went
farther east. January 8, 1756, a council
with the friendly Indians was held at the
mouth of Yellow Breeches. Conrad Weiser,
the great Indian interpreter was present.

In 1757 many depredations were com-
mitted by Indians in Dauphin, Lebanon and
Cumberland Counties, and it was contem-
plated to massacre the people in Paxton
Church, two and one-half miles below Har-
risburg, during time of service. The people
discovered the plot and went to church armed
afterward for many months. April 1,
1757, to avert further trouble, a conference
was held with the Six Nations and their al-
lies, nine tribes in all, on the hanks of the
river below Harrisburg. There was an In-
dian trail observable to a late date, extending
from the mouth of Fishing Creek at Golds-
boro up through the valley to the mouth of
the Yellow Breeches Creek at New Cumber-
land. It was a famous pathway for the
Conoy and Shawanese Indians. Indian
relics have been found at various places in


Fairview Township was one of the seven
districts of York County that at once ac-
cepted the provisions of the act of 1834,
establishing the common school system.
Samuel Prowell, who was sent as the delegate
to represent the township in the first conven-
tion which met in York to take action in the
matter, cast the first affirmative vote of that
body. There were but six other delegates
voted in favor of accepting the system. This
occurred in May, 1835.

There are now fourteen schools, with the
following names: Walnut Grove, Prowell's
Cross Koads, Marsh Run, Oak Grove, Hick-
ory Grove, Cedar Grove, Brick, Navoo, South


Point, Locust Grove, Pinetown, and at New
Market two — a primary and grammar school.
For 1S85 the school board was composed
of the following-named members: John G.
Brenneman, president; D. M. Fisher, sec-
retary; Wendell Eehm, treasurer; Samuel
B. Hoff, Abraham Reiflf, Martin Kauffman.


In one of the fertile valleys of Fairview
which, in springtime and summer, is con-
tinually clothed in rich verdure, in autumn in
radiant beauty, and in winter in still sombre
hues, each of which furnish special charms to
the writer, was spent the time of earliest hopes
and purest joys. Near the rippling waters
of a pure mountain stream, a tributary to
the Fishing Creek, stood the familiar "old
schoolhouse," within whose sacred portals
and around it, 'ueath the spreading branches
of the giant maples, walnuts and oaks, in
innocent study and rollicking play, the early
school days were spent. The reign of the
Yankee schoolmaster with his profound
knowledge of the three " E's " — "Reading,
'Kiting, 'Eithmetic," had not ended when
those days began. It is yet remembered
how well he taught his pupils to pronounce
big words, and to "mind the pauses," to
write a "large round, hand," and to "ci-
pher the Single Rule of Three." To him,
Cobb's and Comley's Spellers, and Walker's
Dictionary, were next to the Bible in import-
ance, and the pupil who did not con them
well, would have little time to "slide down
hill'' on the snow, or play "town ball"
during the noon hour. He had many virtues
worthy of admiration. His faculty of talk-
ing history to the boys on "rainy days," in-
stilled many useful facts in the minds of his
pupils. On a hilltop a few hundred yards
south stood, many years before the time
above designated, one of the first school-
houses in the county. No vestiges of it
are left, and nothing to indicate the spot
where it stood, save the color of the soil,
and the taller grain, or grass, that marks it
in summer time. The farm of which the site
forms a part, and where the writer spent his
early days, was taken up under a title issued
by the Penns, to George Hal], in 1732, and
has since been owned successively by John
Nicholas, Joseph Prowell, Samuel N. Pro-
well, and Silas Prowell.

While some may sing in raptures of the
beautiful Hudson, chant the praises of the
"Blue Juniata," wander in silent admira-
tion along the mirrored waters of the peace-
ful Mohawk, or weave fanciful stories of
fairies and angel-loiterers among a thousand

"Sleepy Hollows," the recollection of the
scenes of one's own childhood are more en-
dearing than them all. Here,

Smiling Spring lier earl}' visit paid,

And parting Summer's lingering bloom delayed.


THE township of Monaghan is bounded on
the north by Cumberland County, on the
east by Fairview, on the south by Warring-
ton, and on the west by Carroll. Its greatest
length is five miles, and greatest breadth four
and one- half miles. The surface is undulat-
ing. There is a rich deposit of magnetic ore
in the northwest corner of the township, and
outcropping of micacious and magnetic ores
at other points. Monaghan formerly com-
prised its present territory, Carroll and
Franklin Townships. It was organized in
1745, and received its name from a count}' in
the northern part of Ireland. The early set-
tlers were the English and Scotch Irish.
Later came the Germans, Among the lirst
two were the McMullins, Dares, Baileys,
Parks, Elliots, and others. Among the last
were the Myerses, the Kimmells from the
"Barrens," the Hartmans, Shaffers, Fort-,
neys, and Brennemans, who came from Lan-
caster and Berks Counties. Dennis Cannon
landed in America July 4, 1800, and shortly
afterward settled in Monaghan: The oldest
house in the township, now owned and occu-
pied by Jacob Bigler, was built by Benjamin
Elliot in the year 1769. The first kilns for
burning lime were on the farm now owned by
G, D. Shaffer; also on Mr. McMullen's farm,
and some of the lime burned was hauled to
the Susquehanna, the stone being quarried
and hauled from Cumberland County, The
early distilleries were Bailey's, Rice's, Fort-
ney's, Williams', Smith's, Coover's, Myers'
and Cannon's, with Cocklin's apple and
peach distillery. They are all things of the
past, as none have been in operation for more
than twenty years.

Monaghan furnished many brave soldiers
to defend and preserve the Union in the war
of the Rebellion. Many of her sons lie on
Southern battle-fields. Five died in Ander-
son vi He Prison, and many bear the scars of
battle as evidence of their valor.

The census of 1880 gave to this township a.
total population of 1,054; 532 males, 522 fe-
males; three of whom were colored. Num-

*By James W. Shaffer.



q^t^Q a d/^C l^l^^r^



ber of births in 1880 was 30; number of
deaths, 11.

In 1783, the year the Revolution closed,
there were 106 houses, 5 mills, 12 negro
slaves; population. 781, and 17,797 acres of
land "taken up." The township then had its
original limits. In 1883, 100 years later,
there were 317 taxable inhabitants; the real
estate valuation was $624,276; county tax,
$1,298; State tax, $63.25.


The site on which this village is located
was, in early days, a parading ground for
militia companies. In 1825 William Divin
and Benjamin Siddon conceived the idea of
starting a town, which was named after the
latter. James Gr. Fraser was the first post-
master, being appointed in 1826, and con-
tinued many years. There have been a num-
ber of changes since. J. A. Myers is the pres-
ent postmaster; he also has a general store.
The town is about seven-eighths of a mile in
length, and the upper end is locally known
as Mount Pleasant. According to the census
of 1880 there were 147 inhabitants, 72 males
and 75 females. Of these, 37 were of school
age. Dr. W. E. Prowell practices medicine


Andersontown is named in honor of Ren-
nox Anderson, who built the first house.
This town is situated about two miles south
of Lisburn, and two and one-half miles east
of Siddonsburg. The census of 1880 gave it
a population of thirty-five — seventeen males
and eighteen females. Several years ago a
postofiice was established, with Jacob A.
Sultzberger postmaster, who also has a gen-
eral store. Many of the inhabitants of the
village are engaged in the cultivation of
small fruits, such as grapes, raspberries and


Lutheran and Reformed Church, known as
"Filey's Church," after the person who do-
nated the ground. This church was organ-
ized about 1800. The first building was of
logs, and served as a schoolhouse and church.
It had two rows of desks along the side walls,
facing the center desks. The pulpit was a
concavo-convex, or like a goblet cut through
the center, it being usually called the
" bird cage.''

In 1838 it was thought advisable to build
a more convenient house, and more on mod-
ern style. The members of both denomina-
tions elected a building committee, two of

each denomination, to erect a union church.
The building committee consisted of Jacob
Hartman, David Fortney, Jacob Coover and
Jacob Heikes. The corner-stone was laid
August 20, 1838, and the church was dedi-
cated the same year. The building is brick.
From 1838 to 1885 the congregation was
served by the following pastors: Revs. Kemp-
fer, Focht, Rightmyer, Bricker, Dasher, Sei-
fert, Winton, Dietrich, Heilman,Day, Minter,
Stump and Erhard. Its officers at the pres-
ent ai-e Lewis Pressel, Michael Coover,Charles
Williams, David Bucher, Henry Spahr and
David Huntzberger. The membership at the
present is eighty-two. There is a large Sun-
day-school under the supervision of Charles
I Williams.

j The Church of God, at Andersontown, was
I organized about 1830. Rev. John Wine-
brenner, the founder of this denomination,
was originally a clergyman in the German
': Reformed Church. He preached on certain
occasions in Andersontown and vicinity.
This denomination, according to doctrine and
I discipline, is an order of Baptists, with no
definite creed, but "acknowledges and re-
ceives the infallible teachings of the inspired
, Word of God, as a guide in all matters of
Christian faith and practice."

The names of the first members of the
' church at Andersontown were John Hutton,
William Tate, Jacob May, John Ayers, Sam-
uel Arter, Henry Beck and a few others,
whose names are now forgotten. Others
were gradually added, among whom were
John P. Wiley, Jacob Traver and wife,
George Wiley and wife, and a few others.

In 1842 a revival, under the labors of Revs.
McElroy, William Miller and D. Maxwell,
resulted in the addition of many new mem-
bers — William Anderson and Mrs. Mary
Kline being of the number. In 1843 a re-
vival of three months' duration resulted in
I the addition of more than 100 members.
Prior to 1848 the services were held in the
I schoolhouse. During that year a new frame
! church was built at a cost of $600, Elder S.
I Fleegle being the minister. In 1871 the
j building was encased in brick, costing $500.
[ Number of members, forty-two.
! Mount Pleasant Bethel (Church of God).—
I This church was organized in 1843, in an old
building opposite the present public house
of W. K. Burns, by members, principally, of
I the church at Andersontown. The first rul-
I ing elders were George Myers and James
j Machlin. Thomas Kerr donated a small tract
I of ground, and in 1844 a fi-ame meeting
I house was built, at a cost of about $500.
I The original number of members, was twelve.



In ]8o9 a new brick church was built in the
upper end of Siddonsburg, and called the
Mount Pleasant Bethel, at a cost of §2,300.
During the pastorate of Elder H. E. Keever,
in 1882, the building was remodeled at an
expense of §1,100. The membership is

Andersontown and Siddonsburg are ap-
pointments on the West York Circuit, and are
supplied by pastors appointed by the Annual
East Pennsylvania Eldership of the Church
of God. The following is a list of pastors
from first appointment, with date of appoint-

David Kvle 1844

A. Swartzand J. H. Hurley 1846

Simon Fleegle 1848

J. H. Hurley 18o0

S. Fleegle and J. Plowman 18.51

Moses Utley and T. Deshiri 18.52

Samuel Crawford and D. Maxwell 1853

G. ^y. Coulter 1854

.Jacob Keller 1856

.labez Bender 1859

T. Deshiri andS. S. Richmond 1861

.John Ross 1863

.John W . Deshong 1865

E. D. Aller 1868

R. White 1870

W. L. .Jones 1871

W. P. Winbigler 1872

.J. A. McDonnald 1875

W. P. Winbigler 1877

.1. E. Arnold' 1879

H. E. Reever 1881

0. H. Belts 1884


At present there are three Sunday-schools
in Monaghan: Mount Pleasant, Anderson-
town and Filey's. A few years ago there
were two more schools within the limits of
the township (one at Myer's schoolhouse,
and one at Siddonsburg schoolhouse), but
they have been discontinued. There has
been a great deal of interest infused into
Sunday-school work since the organization
known as the Upper District Sunday-school
Association of York County, composed of
Sabbath-school workers from the townships
of Monaghan, Carroll, Franklin, Washing-
ton and Warrington, which meets at least
once a year. Mount Pleasant School is su-
perintended by W. A. and W'. W. TNlyers;
Ida L. Cannon is secretary. Number of pu-
pils, 11'2; teachers, nine. It is kept open the
entire year.

Andersontown Sunday-school is superin-
tended by H. M. Traver; H. S. Moore, secre-
tary. Number of pupils, sixty-five; teachers,
seven. It is kept open nine months of the


There are five public schools in Monaghan,
known as Siddonsburg, Filey's, Freysinger's,

Myers' and Andersontown Schools. The
buildings are brick. The common school
system, under the act of 1834, was accepted
in this township in the year 1836, and the
subscription schools that were in use jjrior to
the adoption of free schools, were not very
well patronized. The tenth census reports-
that in this township the number of male in-
habitants that can neither read nor write is.
fifteen, not including five males that can read,
but cannot write; and the number of females
in the township that cannot read or write is
twenty.not including thirty-tive who can read,
but cannot write. Nearly all are aged people:
The State appropriation for 1884 was
S267. Teachers for 1885: Miss C. A. Filler,
John K. Cocklin, Russell Cocklin, Ulysses-
Myers and William Kimmell. School boarS
for 1884: John Bucher, president; E. H.
Cocklin, secretary; James Cannon, John
Shaffer, John Strayer, Jacob Bigler.


At the pottery of Samuel Myers in Siddons-
burg was formerly on the farm now owned
by Jacob Cocklin, but the buildings were
burned a few years ago, and the location was
changed to Siddonsburg by John Elcock, Jr.,
who carried on the business very successfully
for some years, but sold to the present owner
in 1882, and went to Illinois, to engage in

The coach shops of Moore & Bushey iii
SiddoQsburg, sleighs, buggies and spring
wagons are manufactured. The shops ar&
the most extensive of the kind in this section.

Online LibraryJohn GibsonHistory of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present → online text (page 132 of 218)