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History of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present online

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ceding the "little corner" to Dover Township.
The names of the petitioners were Peter
Cook, William Griffith, William Garrett-
son, William Penrose, William Thom-
as, Robert Nelson, Jacob Williams, Samuel
Cook, Thomas Atherton, William McClellan,
Thomas Edmundson, Robert McMullin,
Thomas Leech, Henry Atherton, Robert
Thomson, Richard Ross, Nathan Philips,
John Clarke, Robert Madson, Joseph Bentz.
William Underwood, William Gardner and
Samuel Nelson. The petition was granted.
The small tract mentioned is located a short

distance below the "stone bridge." It in-
cluded only a few farms at the bend of the


1 The following is a list of taxable inhabit-

' ants of Warrington Township for the year

: 1783, together with the valuation of property

and number of acres owned by each person.

It includes also the present territory of

Washington: ^

John Alcock (weaver) £ 9.

Peter Ashefelt, 100 acres .■ 1^4

Michael Asher, 150 acres

Philip Bartmess, 100 acres . X33

Peter Bentz 14

Peter Arnold, 156 acres 31S

Joseph Bennet (cooper) 9

Brice Blair, 100 acres ■ 273

Thomas Brunton

Peter Bower. 66 acres 132

Abraham Bales, 50 acres 635

Jacob Bowman, 1,50 acres 243

John Brinton, 100 acres 94

Charles Brouster (wheelwright), 25 acres 42

William Butt, 100 acres 442

Thomas Black (tailor), 186 acres 81

Henry Beam, 50 acres 45

George Boyd, 50 acres 179

Daniel Brand, 100 acres 34

Andrew Bower, 170 acres 33ft

Michael Bower, 150 acres 440

Martin Binder, 200 acres.

John Blair, 50 acres 61

Jacob Brindle, 150 acres 651

Jacob Brough, 2.50 acres 543

Jacob Bream, 100 acres 171

Moses Baker, 150 acres 347

Henry Billey (weaver) ; 16

Peter Beisel 15

Joseph Beisel, 150 acres 179

Joseph Bentz, 150 acres 290

John Bentz, 100 acres 187

Felix Benslej', 200 acres 346

Jacob Bream, 90 acres Ill

David Bew, 100 acres 89

.James Barkison (inn-keeper) 341

Peter Cline ft

Matthew Cooper, 200 acres 13

Nicholas Cimble, 260 acres 353

.John Cough 26

William Coxen, 2 acres 450

Jacob Cox igg

Widow Cough, 100 acres 201

Conrad Cronister (cooper) 19

David Cadwalader 15

Samuel Cook, 150 acres I44

Martin Claudy, 125 acres 158

William Claris 33

William Contry 26

John Crawford, 20 acres 9

Widow Cox, 80 acres 180

Abraham Cox, 90 acres 170

William Cox, 200 acres 450

William Cox, Jr., 100 acres I45

Samuel Cooper, 90 acres 64

Adam Cramer, 150 acres 360

John Cramer \Q

Peter Clever, 150 acres 225

Joseph Cook (saddler), 100 acres 150

Anthony IJeardurf, 150 acres 13.>

John Davis, 144 acres 361

Joshua Davis

Nehcmiah Dean, .50 acres .£15 10s

Jaiues Denniston, 263 acres 429


Walter Denny £ 9

James Driver, 60 acres 154

George Elley, 100 acres 339

Widow Edmonson, 300 acres 501

Thomas Edmonson, 300 acres 511

Henry Etherton, 100 acres 164

Richard Etherton, 150 acres 358

Widow Blackford 116

James Cadwalader 135 acres ._. 190

Ezekel Frazier, 50 acres .'. 49

Daniel Fahnastock. 100 acres 341

Boreas Fahnastock, 100 acres 308

Benjamin Fahnastock, 100 acres 337

Widow Fahnastock 350

Philip Frankleberg, 50 acres 109

James Fegan (tailor), ■ 34

John Fulweiler, 100 acres 186

Michael Fulweiler, 67 acres (potter) 183

Henry Foster, 50 acres 105

Philip Fogelsong, 60 acres 182 \

William Fara, IM acres 240

Moses Frazier, 300 acres 85

Joseph Green (carpenter) 138

John Garretson, 300 acres. . : 383

Aaron Garretson 33

William Garretson, 350 acres 407

John Garretson (weaver) 26

Daniel Glass, 80 acres 83

Joseph Grist, 200 acres , 337

Hugh Guin 36

Widow Griffith, 350 acres 339

Jacob Griffith, 68 acres 85

David Griffith, 68 acres . 68

Abraham Griffith, 68 acres 68

John Gillespy 17

Peter Gardner, 350 acres 670

John Gilespy

Henry Holland, 50 acres 38

Widow Hole, 100 acres 106

Samuel Hole, 57 acres 130

John Hover, 150 acres 149

DewaldHess, 150 acres 183

Frederic Herman, 150 acres 368

Richard Hussey , 300 acres .' . . . 316

William Howe, 45 acres 63

Peter Hollow, 230 acres 706

Peter Henry 191

David Jordan, 250 acres (blacksmith) 334

Amos Jones 9

Thomas Kirk (carpenter) 25

Anthony Kneisly 33

Anthony Kneisly, 300 acres 361

John Kneisly 33

Michael King (cordwainer), 300 acres 233

Frederic King ■ .• 34

James Kennedy 13

Francis Lamnet, 180 acres 160

John Leamer .' 733

Peter Latshaw, 100 acres 338

Thomas Leach, 150 acres 387

John Moody

Samuel Maughlin,200 acres 326

Isaac Morgan 21

Philip Meinhardt, 200 acres 443

William Maughlin. 150 acres 259

John Mash, 140 acres 200

Jonathan Mash, 200 acres 350

Geora;e McMullen, 150 acres 230

John"McMullen, 300 acres 300

William McMullen, 130 acres 200

Widow Holland, 85 acres 31

Hugh Maughlin, 100 acres 233

Jolin Moody. 395 acres 176

John May, 100 acres 170

Gravener Mash, 350 acres 436

John McFadden 33

Peter Millhouse 32

Peter Mash, 150 acres 341

John Mull (cordwainer) £

John McClellan, 385 acres 503

Matthew McMullen (weaver) 19

Robert McMullen, 100 acres 100

Samuel McMullen, 300 acres 436

Charles McClure, 100 53

James McClure, 50 acres 59

William Morrison, 200 acres 359

Joseph Morris 9

William Nevet, 100 acres 175

Christian Newcomer, 110 acres 618

Robert Nelson, 200 acres 336

William Nevet, Sr., 300 acres

John Nesbit, 200 acres 390

AlexNesbit, 100 acres 133

Jacob Nervy 23

Widow Owings 10

Nathan Philips, 50 acres 74

William Penrose, 300 acres 305

John Philips, 50 acres 74

Thomas Penrose 33

Robert Parks, 150 acres 132

Andrew Russ, 1.50 acres 347

Frederic Russ, 1.50, acres 3.58

Alex. Ross, 175 acres 264

Peter Smith, 150 acres 436

John Smith, 150 acres 511

Thomas Shipton 13

■William Squibb, 30 acres '. 43

Thomas Shanks, 150 acres 375

William Smart (carpenter) 26

John Stouffer, 200 acres 389

Philip Sherer, 150 acres 201

Balthaser Smith. 100 acres 248

George Stickle, 90 acres 183

Peter Stickle, 100 acres 198

Jacob Stickle, 130 acres 233

Widow Stevenson. 250 acres 352

Joseph Spangler, 6 acres 60

Christian Stickle, 50 acres 14

David Sherer 34

William Sims 60

Jacob Swigert, 50 acres 89

Widow Thomas, 50 acres 32

Jehu Thomas, 100 acres 117

Anthony Trimmer, 300 acres 432

Michael Tedrow, 150 acres 274

James Thomas, 370 acres 372 10s

Joseph Taylor, 100 acres 163

John Thomas 12

Alexander Underwood, 150 acres .' 308

Elihu Underwood, Sr., 100 acres 346

Zephaniah Underwood (schoolmaster) 30

Elihu Underwood (schoolmaster)

Benjamin Underwood, 338 acres

William Underwood, 1.50 acres

William UpdegrafE 41

Dietriech Uppough, 150 acres 228

Michael Ury, 150 acres 354

Widow Ury 164

Robert Vale, Sr., 150 acres 234

Robert Vale, Jr. (or Veal), 100 acres 129

.loshua Vale 20

William Vale, 100 acres 104

Jacob Vore (cordwainer) 137

Isaac Vore, 150 acres 30

Jesse Vore. 100 acres 133

Henry Weaver, 130 acres 316

Benjamin William, 50 acres 40

A bel Walker. 150 acres 145

Benjamin Walker, 300 acres 343

Adam Wiley, 100 acres 129

William Witherow, 170 acres-. 141

John Witherow, 150 acres 250

Jacob Williams 14

Abraham Williams, 100 acres .55

John Wright, 243 acres .399

Aaron Wright, 60 acres 18


Widow Wickersbara, 50 acres £ 91

William Webb, 100 acres 64

Mordecai Williams, 128 acres 153

Widow Wissel

Peter Sprenkle, 89 acres 289

AVilliam Fell, 200 acres 100

Jacob Bales, 50 acres 25

Daniel Peterson, 15 acres 10

Isaiah McNeas 10

Peter Bissel


Brice Blair. Lazarus Nelson.

Jacob Brinley. Mordecai Pew.

Joseph Cox. Henry Smith.

George Cough. David Shanks.

William Enas. Jonah Thomas.

Philip Fogelsong. George Uppough.

Samuel Moody. John Underwood'.

John Mash. John Driver.

Jacob Cline. Teaghart Butt.
Christian Newcomer. Daniel Davis.

Samuel Nelson. John Arnold.

David GrifHth. John Arnold.

Jonathan Mash, Morgan Jones.

John Mash. Thomas Jeannians.

James Stephenson. William Kees.

Reuben Tedrow. Joshua Kennedy.

Philip Uppach. Conrad Learner.

Henry Cramer. John McClellan.

Jonathan Mash. George McMullen.

Thomas McMullen. Thomas McMullen.

Thomas Nelson. Robert Maughlin.

John Penrose. Joseph Morrison.

Samuel Smith. Samuel Morrison.

John Smith. Samuel McAlwa.

Daniel Guing. James Nelson.

Christopher Bean. Thomas Popp.

Conrad Beats. Samuel Beissel.

Alexander Ross. Abraham Beissell.

Thomas Cox. Michael Pressel.

Peter Cough. ■ Manus Smith.

Peter Cleaver. James Shanks.

Joseph Grist. John Sherer.

George Hoover. Michael Tudro.

Peter Arnold. Conrad Uppough.

Jacob Underwood. Elis Underwood.


"Warrington was reduced in its limits m
1803, by the formation of Washington out
of the soitthwestern end of it, and as at
present formed has for its northern bound-
ary the townships of Carroll, Monaghan and
a portion of Fairview, with Newberry to the
east, Dover -to the south, and Washington to
the west. The surface is undulating and
portions of it mountainous. There is a
great variety of soil, some of which is very
fertile. It is drained by the Conowago and
its branches. The general slope of the land
is southward.


Round Top is an isolated peak in the ex-
treme northern part of the township, and it
may tell its own tale. Tradition is very sel-
dom history, but the story of Round Top is
true. " You come to me for history; ah! my
dear sir, I am older than history, and I know
it all; but I have never before spoken. Away

back in the dim mists of the past I was born,
and being proud of my birth, I tossed my
crest heavenward, 1,100 feet above the sea,
and 600 feet above the plains immediately
around me. Such was my origin. There
was then a mighty convulsion of nature,
and old mother earth shook from center to
circumference. This occurred before the
wooded forests, the fowls of the air, the
beasts of the sea, the untutored red man, or
the adventurous Quaker settler, were present
to witness the thrilling scene. Hence, for
thousands and tens of thousands of years,
have I been a silent monitor, to guard the
destiny of the surrounding country. First
to my fold came the birds and the beasts,
and then a copper-colored people who built
their temporary wigwams around my rocky
base. Centuries passed, and to my summit
in 1735, came a few white settlers from the
East to gaze on the wooded plains below me,
and select a spot for their future habitations.
The red man was still here, and for a time
the scattered few of both races lived in har-
mony. The one derived his subsistence
from hunting and fishing, and the other by
felling trees, clearing the land and tilling
the soil. There was a clash of arms between
these people, and in 1755, America's great
philosopher, Benjamin Franklin, with four
other whites, met representative Indian
Chiefs, not far to the north, within my field of
vision, to make a treaty of peace; but soon
your own people passed by my side armed
for a conflict with this tawny race. Twenty-
one years passed, and my new neighbors de-
termined to govern themselves. One year
later and the noblest patriots the world has
ever seen, came on horseback toward the
town of York to make it the capital of the
United States, and escape the imminent
perils of an invading foreign foe. I gazed
down on them with intense interest, and wel-
comed them to my dominions, within which
they remained for nine long months. The
fates were propitious and they returned to
the city of brotherly love.

Thirty-seven years rolled by and I gazed
in weird astonishment upon a motley group
of 12,000 citizen soldiers, from the east the
west and the north, collecting at York by
order of the State executive, to impede the
progress of the same foreign enemy, whose
unprincipled leader had already destroyed the
caj^itol at Washington. When near the
Monumental City, he fell, an inglorious vic-
tim to the well-directed aim of two young
men, and the gallant sons of toil who had
gathered at York were sent home to their
farms and work- shops.



Forty- nine years more of peace and pros-
perity reigned supreme; my dominions were
changed from wooded forests to fertile fields
of waving grain and golden corn. The val-
leys smiled in vernal beauty, and the hill-
sides teemed with a busy people. My joy
was unbounded, when suddenly piercing
through the mountain gaps far to the south-
west, came an invading army 90,000 strong,
marching with hostile intent toward my own
beloved county seat. I seemed to know them
in their suits of grey, as they were not a
foreign foe. From the South, with hasten-
ing pace, came an equal number of boys in
blue, eager for the coming fray, and within
my own horizon there was a booming of
cannon, a rattle of musketry and a clash of
sabers, such as never before was equaled on
the American continent. It was a family
quarrel, and the world looked on in silent
wonder. It is all ended now, and our nation
is at peace. Within my circular horizon now
are included parts of two States, and many
counties in which liye a thrifty and prosper-
ous people, and if I should ever speak again
may my story be less thrilling."

The golden orb of day was just setting be-
hind the western hills, the canopy above was
clothed in a roseate hue, the valleys below
and all around were bathed in liquid light,
the trees were covered with the changing foli-
age of variegated autumnal tints, and all
nature smiled in radiant beauty, as we re-
traced our steps down the steep descent of
the mountain on the occasion of a delightful
visit October 24, 1884.


The region of country around this village
was thickly settled at the time of the Kevo-
lution. The town is named after William
Ross, who owned the house now the property
of Henry Gardner, and also a tannery near
by. The name was given to the place in 1S15,
when the postofBce was established here, and
Samuel Smith, uncle of William Smith, drug-
gist of York, became first postmaster, and
kept a store. In 1822 his store and Alexan-
der Underwood's tavern were burned. The
house now owned by Matthew Spangler was
used as a hotel for more than half a century.
In early days this was a prominent stop-
ping place on the route between York and
Carlisle. There is no hotel in the entire
township now. Michael Wollet became post-
master in 1830. W. L. Gardner for a number
of years conducted a mercantile business
here, and was succeeded in 1884 by George
Smith, both of whom were postmasters.

John C. Nesbit, who died near Rossville a
few years ago, was a mathematician of more
than local note.

The tannery owned by William Kose was
greatly damaged by the flood of Beaver,
Creek for a description of which see article
on page 476 in this work.

The Union Church of the Lutheran
and Reformed, and other denominations near
Rossville, was built in 1819. It was dedicat-
ed on the 1 1th of June, 1820. The officiat-
ing clergymen were J. G. Schmucker, D. D.,
J. McKnight, D. D., and Rev. Ebach.

A few years ago the old building was re-

The Lutheran Church. — The Lutheran
and Reformed congregations worshiped in
the Union Church, standing at the road lead-
ing from York to Carlisle, about one mile
from Rossville. The Lutheran, numbering
then about 200, thought it would be to their
advantage if they had a building of their
own. A meeting was called by Rev. James
Harkej', some time in 1848, whea it was
agreed to build a church. A building com-
mittee was chosen, which consisted of the
following: Messrs. D. Hobaugh, T. T. Gard-

I ner, W. Busby, J. Bushy and J. Draw-
baugh. Mr. Gardner donated the Lutheran

I congregation one acre of ground to build the

j church. The work of building began in the
summer of 1849, the corner-stone was laid
September 29, 1849, by Rev. James Harkey,
assisted by Revs. Keller and S. Harkey, from
Fredericksburg, and was dedicated in the
winter of the same year. The following min-
isters have been elected as regular pastors:
James Harkey, J. P. Focht, A. Finfrock, D.

j Sell, J. K. Bricker, S. Dasher, H. Seifert, J.
F. Dietrich, E. Minter, A. Stump and A. B.
Erhard. For 1885 the elders are A. Bentz,
D. Hobaugh, A. B. Elecker, T. T. Gardner,
J. Ritter, J. Weirman, G. Seifort; deacons,
A. B. Elecker, J. Moody, A. Bentz, H.J. '
Gardner, J. Wierman, W. McClellan and N.
H. Spangler. Church membership, eighty-
seven. Sunday-school scholars enrolled,
ninety-five. Names of superintendents, T.
T. Gardner, A. B. Elecker (deceased), AV.

The Reformed Church near Rossville was
built in 1869, at a cost of $1,600. James
Comfort and John Spangler were the build-
ing committee. The preachers who officiated
here since 1869 have been Aaron Spangler,
Aaron Leisse, A. Wanner, D. D. and G. H.
Derr. The membership is about thirtj'. L.
Spangler was for many years superin-


tendent of the Sunday-schoo!. David Wit-
mer succeeded him.


This town was the direct result of the
whip factory here and was started about the
year 1843. It is located on land taken up
by William Ailes about 1737. The land
around it is quite fertile, and the village
presents a neat and attractive appearance.
It was once visited by a destructive fire. Mr.
Harlacher is the village store-keeper and Dr.
Garretson has recently been appointed post-
master. August 7, 1872, Wellsville was
granted a money order office. The popula-
tion in 1880 was 125. The town is situated
in the west end of the township on the road
from York to Dillsbui-g.

Well's Whip Factory — Thisj' industry
originated in York, in 1837, with Mclntyre
& Wells, Judge Mclntyre and Abraham
Wells forming the copartnership. In 1841
the factory was moved to Wellsville, the
home of Abraham Wells, and John E. Wells
became a partner. They also started a tan-
nery. In 1859 a branch establishment was
started at Pittsburgh. At this time William
Riddle became a partner and the firm was
changed to Wells, Riddle & Co. This
partnership ceased in 1865. During the
civil war this firm did an extensive business
in making all kinds of whips for the general
trade, and furnished the "United States gov-
ernment with several large contracts of artil-
lery whips and belts. Sixty of the em-
ployees at different times during the war
entered the Union army. About this time,
in the establishments at Wellsville and at
Pittsburgh, 150 workmen were employed,
and, on account of the scarcity of hands,
boys from the House of Refuge of Western
Pennsylvania were taken and trained to
work in the whip factory.

When the business, in 1865, was discon-
tinued at Pittsburgh, the firm changed again
to A. & J. E. Wells, and all the interests re-
moved to Wellsville. Abraham Wells, the
senior member of the firm, died in 1870, and
the business was then continued by J. E.
Wells & Co., with James Gowen Wells, a son
of Abraham Wells, as a partner. In 1878
the Wells Whip Company was formed, under
whose direction the present extensive busi-
ness is conducted. Twelve traveling sales-
men are regularly employed. The old build-
ing first used is still standing near by the
new factory, which was erected in 1880. A
fifteen horse-power engine, and a thirty
horse-power boiler are used as a motive pow-

er to run the machinery. The new building
is heated by steam. All kinds of whips now
in use are made here, and a business of $100,-
000 annually is done. About forty employes,
men and women, are at present (1885) at
work in the home factory. The same firm, by
a special contract with the legislature of
New Jersey, have a leather whip factory in
the State prison at Trenton, at which place
about forty men are employed. Thirty or
forty of the employes at the home factory, at
different times, have been boys from Girard
College, Philadelphia.

The handsome, large dwelling house, of an
excellent quality of native sandstone, was
erected by Abraham Wells in the year 1868,
at a cost of $12,000. The manager of the
factory, R. J. Belt, has recently built a cot-
tage within a short distance of the factory.


Religious services were held by the Meth-
odists in the vicinity of Wellsville as early as
1830. Meetings were conducted by Method-
ists in the farm house of Edward Wells (now
owned by Jacob Brenneman) and the dwell-
ings of Abraham Harman and Mrs. Wolge-
muth. Permission was obtained to use the
old frame schoolhouse which stood one-half
mile northwest of the present limits of the
village. For nearly 100 years the Society of
Friends was the only religious sect that con-
ducted meetings in the vicinity. The Quakers
allowed, and even yet permit people of all
religious beliefs to inter the remains of their
dead in the graveyard adjoining the Quaker
Meeting House. This is the only burial place
in the neighborhood.

Some of the early Methodist clergymen
who preached here were George Cooper, H.
Boggs, John Monroe and William Prettyman.
Ai-rangements were made to build a church.
Abraham Wells presented the lot, and $2, 200
were raised by subscription. The corner-
stone was laid in 1852, and the building
completed in 1853. The dedicatory services
were conducted the same year by Rev. Dr.
Wentworth, of Dickinson College.

The building committee were Daniel
Coover, Abraham Wells, J. E. Wells, George
Heyd, Joseph Mosser, Wells A. Farrah, and
Jacob Byers. Revs. John Monroe and Will-
iam Gwynn traveled the circuit at that time.
Many changes have been made since. Rev.
Joseph P. Anderson, of Dillsburg, was the
pastor for 1885. The church membership is
about ninety communicants. E. A. Bell is
president of the board of trustees; T. B.
Hoover, secretary, and C. F. Ross, treasurer.

The flourishing Sunday-school which is



connected with this church, was organized in
1842 in the old sehoolhouse, with George
Bushey as superintendent, and Catharine
Harman, assistant superintendent. It now
numbers 165 pupils and teachers. Charles
N. Kuhn has been its efficient superintend-
ent since 1876.


This elevated point, located in the extreme
western part of the township, near the bor-
der of Washington, is a business center for
the surrounding country. In the year 1849,
Jacob Gensler began store-keeping, which he
continued several years, and then moved to
the State of Michigan. He was succeeded
by Michael Sheaffer, J. Myers and Hezekiah
Lau. In 1861, while J. C. Bower was conduct-
ing a store here, he applied for and secured
a postoffice. It was tben that the locality
received the name of "Mount Top." In
1864 Michael Anthony became postmaster
and proprietor of the store. He was suc-
ceeded by his son, C. C. Anthony.


A number of the farmers of Warrington
and adjoining townships, for the purposes of
mutual protection, organized a company with
the above title. A charter was received in
1884. The object of the company is a pro-
tection to members against horse stealing.
The board of directors is as follows: Pres-
ident, Millard J. Blackford; vice-president,
William Kimmel; secretary, C. C. Anthony;
treasurer, Solomon Bentz. The directors
from Warrington are Ephraim Smith and
John Wireman; from Washington, W. K.
Strayer and Jacob Gochenour; from Franklin.
George Grove and John T. Smith; from
Carroll, Dr. P. D. Baker and John McCreary ;
from Latimore, Adams County, Daniel
Stitzel. The regular place of meeting is
Mount Top.


Alpine is a small village, which received
its historic name from the romantic surround-
ings. For many years the place was known
as Ramsey's Store. The present name was
given when a postoffice was secured, during
the Centennial year. At this place Joseph
Updegraff commenced store-keeping half a
century ago. He was succeeded by Eli Fis-
sel, G. Darrone, Isaac Walker,William Ram-
sey and W. W. Ramsey.' Alpine is located
on an eminence in the eastern part of War-
rington, midway between York and Harris-
burg, almost on a direct line and thirteen
miles from either place.


Maytown is a hamlet of half a dozens
houses in the extreme eastern part of War-
rington, on the road from Lewisberry to
Rossville. It obtained its name from the
fact that families by the name of May have-
long resided there.

In 1871 the present United Brethren;
Church was built near the village in a
beautiful grove, which, when visited by the^
writer, was clothed in all the variegatedl
charms of autumnal foliage. Before the
erection of this church services were held ia
a sehoolhouse.


Online LibraryJohn GibsonHistory of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present → online text (page 136 of 218)