John Gibson.

History of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present online

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Andrew Bally, Peter Hershey,

Adam Christ, Joseph Hershey,

George Conrad, Philip Haberstock,

Peter Dierdorff, Jacob Howry,

.John Dierdorff, Andrew Young,
Peter Dewald (Joiner) John Joseph,

Conrad Doll, Philip Jacobs,

.John Dicks, George Jacobs,

Tempest Tucker, Lorenz Krone,

John Denlinger, John Kell,

Frederich Decker, Christian Kell,

Paul Emes, Casper Kerber,

Nicholas Entres, Rudy Klinepeter,

Martin Fort, Nicholas Henry (hatter),

Henry Fissel, Yost Keiner (mason),

John Fissel, John Longmuth,

Michael Fissel, Christian Leinbach,

Paul Fegely, Henry Long (still),

Michael Fried. Elick Lecse,

Matthew Graff, J. Lehn (saw and oil-mill).


Micbael Strasbach,
Joseph Sunday,
Frederick Stover (still),
Jacob Stover,
Jacob Sarbach,
Henry Spangler,
Barnhart Spangler,
Rudy Spangler,
Earnhardt Spangler, Sr.,
Christopher Spies,
Casper Sneider,
Philip Sheaffer,
" • " " 000 acres).

Spring Forge (1,1
John Trimmer,

Jacob Lischy,
Peter Moore,
Jacob Marks,
Peter Meinhardt,
Jacob Miller,
John Myer,
Richard Mummert,
William Mummert,
John Nagle,
Christopher Nagle,
George Peterman,
Adam Pfeiffer,
Christian RafEensberger

Martin RafEensberger

Widow Rentzel,
Francis Raymer (t;

and still),
Jacob Roth,
Abraham Roth,
Jacob Rummel,
Geo. Rudy (inn-keeper), Peter Wolf,
John Stouffer (grist andJohn Wiest,

sawmill), ~ .Joseph Weston

Lorentz Swigart, Henry Weller,

G. Shimpf (cordwainer). Jacob Wantz,
Peter Zollinger.

Andrew Trimmer,
Peter Trump,
George Tressler,
neryAdam Walter,

Henry Walter (still),
Ludwig Walter,
Jos. Wilson (inn-keeper),
Christian Wiest,


John White.
John Dressier,
Christian Hershey,
Adam Stover,
Rudolph Kleinpeter,
Adam Kleinpeter,
John Boose,
Jacob Boose,

Henry Kleinpeter,
Philip Eppleman,
Daniel Jacobs,
Philip Jacobs,
Christian Danner,
Henry Stover,
Andrew Sontag,
David Myer.


This village is situated in a thickly settled,
highly productive region in the northern
part of the township near the border of Do-
ver and the Big Conewago Creek. The name
originated with Emanuel C Beck, who, in
1860, kept the village store, when Shearer
& Lake made their map of York County.
They asked for a name to designate the place,
whereupon he gave "Bigmount" after a
village by that name in Iowa. It was
printed on the map, and the place has since
been known by that name. It is located on
a moderately elevated large mound, of near-
ly circular shape, with a commanding view of
the surrounding country. The land here was
taken up under a warrant issued by the pro-
prietaries of Pennsylvania in the year 1750,
December 8, to Peter Craver. It was conveyed
to different persons from that date until 1837,
when JohnS. Trimmer, atpresent a highly re-
spected citizen of the village, purchased the
surrounding farm, and in partnership with his
brother, of enjd a store in a small room ad-
joining the farm house. They continued
two and a half years, and John S. Trimmer
alone conducted a prosperous business for
twenty years longer, so that even now the

familiar name of "Trimmers' Store" is fre-
quently applied to the place. His successors
were: E. C. Beck, Christian Eaft'ensberger,
Jacob Kochenour, Miller & Fickes, J. O.
Goodling and Isaac Glatfelter. Clement Gr.
Trimmer has been the proprietor of the store
during several years past. This interesting
little hamlet is located on the Canal Road
extending from York Haven to Abbottstown
and contains about fifteen houses, most of
them in excellent condition. The ijublic
school building is a convenient brick struct-
ure. It has a cupola and bell.


Baughmansville is in the western end of
Paradise. J. B. Baughman, now of York,
began the store business at this place ins.
1844, and continued until 1865. There were,
then no houses in the vicinity except one,
and a blacksmith shop. This business was - ,
conducted by G-eorge Jacobs, and now by his-
son. Stores have been kept at this place -
since 1865, by Joseph W. Kraft, J. Hantz,
J. H. Baughman, George W. Spangler, John
O. Baughman, N. G. Waggoner, J. C. Bower
and H. H. Geist. There is now a collection
of twelve or fifteen houses.

Union Chapel was built in 1867 for Sun-
day-school and religious purposes.

The land upon which this village is built, ,
was in the hands of the proprietaries until
1774, when Mathias Stump paid the small
sum of £2 17s. 4d. for fifty-five acres,,
adjoining lands of Andreas Trimmer and'
John Frankelberger. The land in this vi-
cinity was not cultivated as early as some ■
other portions of the township, and was not
considered fertile until a third of a century

In 1844, Peter Waggoner and J. B. Baughr-
man began to place lime on the soil. It pro^-
duced good results, and by 1846 was put
into general use. Before this a very small
amount of wheat or corn could be raised on
an acre. Much of the land of Paradise, at
an early day considered barren, now grows
twenty to thirty-five bushels of wheat to the
acre. Rye was raised with considerable suc-
cess, before wheat. Peaches and apples were
plentiful and cheap. An abundance of cider,
peach brandy and apple-jack were made and
hauled to Baltimore to be sold. Before large
covered wagons were used, market men some-
times used- boxes on top of the horse in which
the market products were placed and taken to
town and city.

John Buse, of Paradise Township, was
killed near Gen. Hetrick's place, in Codo-


riis Township, May 20, 1820. He was
■driving a team to Baltimore; his horses ran
■ away and the wagon passed over him.

James Denny was killed by a stone falling
on him, at a quarry on the farm of Jacob
■Crist in Paradise, October 12, 1819.

This township had its militia companies
also. Capt. George Trostle, half a century
ago, drilled a company of 100 men at differ-
ent places in the district. Philip Beck was
first lieutenant. The commands were given
■jn English and translated into German.


One of the old landmarks of Paradise
Township is the place known as Jacobs Mills
in the upper end of the township, near the
Adams County border. The land was origin-
ally taken up by a land warrant issued to
George Jacobs in 1750. Soon after this date
a mill was erected which has, ever since that
event, been owned by a lineal descendant of
the original settler. 'At present it is owned
by Amos Jacobs, who has a wool carding-mill,
grist-mill and saw-mill. They are run by
water and steam. The old stone mansion
near by was erected in 1780. Hollinger's
-Mill and Noel's Mill on Beaver Creek have
long existed. Masemer's Mill, on the Beaver
Creek and Berlin Road is a very old mill
site. The stone building now standing, was
erected in the year 1794 by Abraham Swigert
and was long known as the "Beaver Creek
Mill." The mason who constructed it, John
Nagle, left his name and the date of erection
on a large stone tablet in the west end of the
mill. The large bridge across the Conewago
aiear here was taken away by the flood of
1884, as well as the bridge over the Beaver
Creek. Handsome iron bridges have taken
their place by authority of the county com-


There are now seven public school build-
ings in Paradise, all of which are new and
an excellent condition. Their names are as
follows: Harbold's Church, Eisenhart's, Mil-
ler's, Gable's, Stoner's and Bigmount.

For the year 1885, John A. Trostle was
president of the school board, Amos Jacobs,
secretary; Henry Marshall, treasurer; the
other directors are Daniel Jacobs, George W.
Baker and Aaron Moul. State appropriation
received for the year 1885 was $360.


The most notable events in the history of
Paradise and Jackson, occurred during the
Confederate invasion of Pennsylvania in
iM'i, when during the night of the 27th of

June, Gen. Early, the commander of the di-
vision which led the advance of Gen. Lee's
Southern army, encamped for the night in the
former township, and Gen. Gordon's brigade
in the latter. Gen. Gordon was since a
United States senator from his native State,
Georgia, and now a railroad magnate of the
South. Gen. Early, now at an advanced age,
is living at Lynchburg, Va. In private letters
to the writer, dated Lynchburg, March 5 and
June 4, 1885, ainong many other facts he
gave the following information, which will
doubtless be read with interest:

The night before my force reached the town of
York, the place where I stayed, was at the house
of a German widow (Mrs. Zinn, the house is now
owned by George W. Trimmer), about three and a
half miles east of East Berlin. I Iwd reached there
on the afternoon of June 27, on my way across
the South Mountains on the road from Mummas-
burg, via Hunterstown, Newchester, Hampton and
East Berlin. I moved on that road with my
main force, while Gen. Gordon with his brigade had
moved east on the pilte from Gettysburg t^o York.
He camped four miles south of me along the pike.
When I had placed the different parts of my com-
mand in the positions they were to occupy for the
night, having no camp equipage or baggage wagons,
I looked out for a place for myself and staff to stay.
Near the road was a cornfield into which I directed
my detachment of cavalry to turn their horses. Not
far distant, I saw a large barn, but failed to observe
a correspondingly large farm house. My troops
were not a little astonished at the large Pennsylva-
nia barns of your prosperous farmers. I did not
stay with that farmer over night. He could not
speak a word of English, at least he would not for
me, possibly he was scared so badly that he could
not speak. I therefore gave up the idea of quarter-
ing with him, and rode on a little farther, where I
found quite a decent looking brick house with a
porch in front, and several rooms to the house. As I
rode up, the woman who owned the house, came out
to the gate in great trepidation, exclaiming in
broken English, "Are you goin' to destroy us, are
you goin' to take all that we've got V" [told her, "No
madam, and to give you the best protection possible
I will stay with you, with my stalf and no one shall
trouble you," I directed my staff to' take possession,
stating that the porch would do for sleeping. I
then rode southeast four miles with a small escort
to give Gordon final instructions about entering
Yorlithe next day, and did not return until 9
o'clock P. M. My staff had eaten suppca-. The
old lady who was now calmed of all her fears, had
reserved supper for me, and I found it a very plen-
tiful one, with aboutfifteen varieties of food— meats,
vegetables, coffee and milk. While I was eating
the old lady was very talkative. A good and clean
bed was given me, and I rested for the night. A
battalion of cavalry under Lieut.-Col. White had
been^ sent by me along the railroad from Gettys-
burg] to Hanover, and from thence to Hanover
Junction to burn all the bridges, and to go from
thence to Y'ork. I then proceeded on the morning
of the 38th of .June toward AVeigelslown, and at
that point, sent a small regiment of cavalry (the
Seventeenth Virginia) under the command of Col.
French, to the month of the Conewago Creek to
burn the railroad bridges there.

Gen. Gordon's brigade entered York first on the
pike, and later I entered the place myself from the
north, on the road from Harrisburg, having two


brigades in camp north of the town near some

The bridge across the Susquehanna, between
Wrightsville and Columbia, was destroyed by the
Federal force there, on the approach of Gordon's
brigade which I had sent there on the 38th to seize
it. '

On the 39th, in examining the depot, car fac-
tories and railroad depot ^t York, to see if they
could be burned without setting fire to private
houses, and while discussing with your mayor and
others about my requisition on York for |]00,000,
I was unexpectedly approached by a messenger
bearing a dispatch from Gen. Ewell, who had gone
to Carlisle with the rest of the corps, containing
the information that the Federal army had crossed
the Potomac, and was moving north. The message
ordered me to retrace my steps to join the army of
Gen. Lee. I told the gentlemen around me that I
would see them in the morning concerning my
demands on the town, well knowing that they
would not see me in the morning, as I intended to
move my force by night. I left the town before
sunrise Ibe next day with my troops, and you all
know where we went. I did not send a message to
Gen. Stuart, ordering him to attack Gen. Kilpa-
trick at Hanover. Gen. Stuart ranked me, and I
could not have ordered him. Before we crossed
the Potomac, we had been ordered by the com-
manding general to co-operate in the event of our
coming together, but I had received no information
from him and did not know on that day where he
was. Kilpatrick did not impede my progress
toward Gettysburg. At East Berlin a small squad
of Federal cavalry was seen and pursued by my cav-
alry, but it soon made its escape. While in East
Berlin (as I retreated westward through that town,
north of the pike) I received a message from Col.
White, whom I had sent from York toward Gettys-
burg, on the pike, with his battalion, that a force of
Federal cavalry had been in Abbottstown. and that
it was the advance of Kilpatrick' s cavalry. This is
all the force I heard of until I reached the vicinity
of Gettysburg.

Gen. Gordon on his way to York on the
night of the 27th of June, encamped east of
Farmers Postoffice, now a village of twenty
houses, on the turnpike, a few miles east of
Abbottstown. He remained over night at
the house of Jacob S. Altland, on the north
side of the pike, and slept that night in a
feather bed. His staff oiScers had a tent
close to this house. Near by twelve cannon
were planted. He arrived at that point at
3 P. M. A large number of valuable borses
were taken from the surrounding country.
Early the next morning, between 5 and 6
o'clock, the brigade began the march down
the pike to York. Gen. Gordon himself rode
to York on one of the '"borrowed" horses.
It was a fine animal belonging to Samuel L.
Roth, a Mennonite preacher. This horse, we
believe was afterward recovered.

The squad of soldiers that passed back over
the pike on the 30th. when near the former
camping ground of Gordon's brigade, hear-
ing the booming of the cannon at the en-
gagement then taking place at Hanover,
planted cannon on Henry Earner's farm, in
Jackson Township, expecting the arrival of

the Union troops. Scouts soon returned re-
porting there were none near, and they then,
proceeded to join Early at East Berlin.


a"^HE area now embraced in this township,
- for 110 years was apart of Paradise.
In 1857 a petition was presented to the court,
Judge Fisher presiding, asking for the ap-
pointment of viewers to lay off a new town-
ship. The request was granted, the report
confirmed, and the new district was called
Jackson, a name well known to history.
23 counties, 120 townships, and 30 towns
and villages in the United States, have the-
same name.

Jackson Township in this county, corres-
ponds in shape, to the State of Indiana, and
its democracy is of the same sterling kind.
Most of its inhabitants support the principles,
advocated by the gallant ' 'Hero of New Or-
leans, " with unflinching fidelity. The early-
settlers were nearly all Germans, except a
few English Quakers, the Richardsons,
Coateses, Tuckers, etc., who settled with
Peter Dicks, founder of Spring Forge, ire
1756. The German language now predomi-
nal;es in the township.. The land is fertile and
very productive, and its owners are industri-
ous and prosperous. There are many valua-

' ble limestone and sandstone farms in the high-
est state of cultivation. Jackson is drained'
by the head-waters of the Little Conewago,-
and small tributaries of the Codorus. Val-
uable iron ore has been taken out from vari-
ous parts of this township. The Conewaga-
Iron Company, located at Middletown, Penn.,

; have been the chief operators of late. Oa.
the farm of Michael H. Myers, this company
leased a bank in January, 18S1. From that

\ date to March 1885, they took out 16,263.
tons of brown hematite ore. Thirty-five men
are regularly employed. Lewis Krall is

1 superintendent. The percentage of iron is

; 47. At the "Jackson" bank, on the farm of
Samuel H. Bechtel, from January, 1881, to-
November, 1882, with 20 workmen, 4,892
tons of brown hematite ore, 47 per cent of
iron were taken out. At the "Spring Grove'^

I Bank, on the farm of John Roth, from Jan-

I uary, 1881, to April, 1883, with 20 workmen,.

' 4,792 tons of specular ore, 47 per cent iron,,
were obtained; at the "Oak Hill" bank, from
November, 1881, to January, 1883, with 20
workmen, 2,663 tons of specular ore, 45 per


cent iron, were obtained. All these mines
were operated by the Conewago Iron Com-
pany. Ore has been taken out in this town-
ship for nearly a century, and there are vast !
deposits there yet. Jackson Township,
though not large, is quite thickly settled.
Its population in 1880 was 1,836; the
number of taxables in 1883, was 562;
value of real estate, $972,303; county tax,
$3,736; State tax, $255. The York & Get-
tysburg Turnpike crosses the township. The
west end of the township along the pike is
densely populated, and Farmers Postoffice
has been in existence there since 1830.
Thomasville is a collection of a dozen or
more houses toward the east end of the Jack-
son, on the pike. Nashville is a beautiful
hamlet located on the Y'ork and Hanover
road. Its population is sixty. This point
is noted, according to tradition, as being the
place Gen. Washington was met on July 2,
1791, by a York delegation while on his way
Eastward. The famous "York Imperial" and
"York Stripe" varieties of apple originated
here a dozen years ago with William Johns-

Spangler Valley, located north of Pidgeon
Hill Church, and extending from a point
near Farmers Postoffice eastward below Span-
ler's tavern, obtained its name from the fact
that the land was "taken up" by the Span-
glers during the time of the first settlement.
The spring on the farm now owned by the
Eev. Aaron Spangler, of York, was a resort
for the Indians when the white settlers first
came. There were wigwams at this place.
Much of the valley was a vast, woody swamp,
hence the name "Holz-schwamm." It was cov-
ered with large hickory trees. Bernhart
Spangler and his brother were among the
first to commence cutting these large mon-
archs of the forest, and to clear the land for
farming. The head-waters of the Little Con-
ewago Creek are in this valley.

The Wiest property, near where the Han-
over and Spring Grove roads diverge, was for
a long time the site of a hotel, and an im-
portant stopping place. Dr. John Wiest, of
Y'ork, has in his possession an advertisement
dated 1808. of Tempest Tucker, offering for
sale this "well-known tavern stand on the
road from Philadelphia to the Federal city."
The ' ' Jackson and Codorus scare, ' ' caused
by a false report that all male citizens were
to be impressed into the service during the
Confederate invasion, is not yet forgotten.


The Reformed and Lutheran Church, gen-
erallv known as the "Pidgeon Hill Church,"

was originally a' union church for three de-
nominations. Reformed. Lutheran and Men-
nonite. Abraham Roth on the 15th of Au-
gust, 1785, deeded thirty acres of land in trust
for church purposes, for which £6 14s. and
8d. were paid. The trustees were Barnhart
Spangler, Abraham* Roth and Christian
"VS^iest. A log church was first built, then the
log building was weather- boarded. In 1845
the present brick church was built. The
original grant of land was to the Reformed
Church only, but the other two sects were
allowed to worship in the church. The
Reformed element in this community at
the time of the building of this church,
was the strongest. The celebrated clergy-
man, Rev. William Otterbein, soon after his
arrival in America, preached to the German
Reformed congregation here, and held en-
thusiastic meetings. The same clergyman
who officiated at Paradise and the Dover
Churches, ministered to the congregations
here. Of the Reformed pastors the follow-
ing could be obtained in order of succession:
Revs. John Ernst, Charles Helfenstein, F.
W. Vandersloot, John Umrich, Daniel Zieg-
ler, D. D., eighteen years; Jacob Kehm, Ja-
cob Ziegler. Rev. I. S. Wiesz, D. D., is the
present pastor.

The first Lutheran preacher known to
have ministered here was Rev. Albert, who
was then pastor at Hanover. Rev. A. G.
Deininger succeeded him and preached fifty-
two years. Rev. Daniel Sell, who now has
charge of Paradise, Dover and Red Run
Churches, is the Lutheran pastor.

Emanuel Eppleman is trustee for the Re-
formed congregation, which numbers 160,
and Levi Stover for the Lutheran congrega-
tion of 120 members. Elders Henry Stouch
and John Roth of the Reformed, and Fred-
rick Stambaugh and Andrew Spangler of the
Lutherans. One of the best remembered
personages who lived in this community
nearly a century ago was Hans Adam Wertz,
the parish " schulmeister," who for many,
many years taught the rudiments of a Ger-
man and English education to the descend-
ants of the early Teuton settlers of this
region. Tradition says "he was very smart."
Just seventy-one years ago, when nearly four-
score years old, he emigrated to Ohio, where
he soon after died.


This thrifty and prosperous town sprung
into existence within the last decade as the di-
rect result of the prosperity of the paper-mill.
The history of the forge will be found in tlje






article on the "Early Iron Industries," page
484, in this work. Most of the inhabitants
of the borough are employed in the manu-
facture of paper. The postoffice of this
place was originally known as "Pidgeon
Hill," and was located one mile north of the
forge. It was established in 1828, with
Abraham Bletcher as postmaster. Mrs.
Bletcher, Michael Fissell, William Wilson
and George Waggoner have since been post-
masters. C. W. Bauer was appointed in
1885. The present name of the office is
Spring Forge. Since the incorporation of
the town, the streets have been graded, pave-
ments laid, the town illuminated by electric
lights, a number of new streets opened, and
houses furnished with hydrant water from
a reservoir. Many houses have been built
lately. An immense freight business is done
here by the railroad. The company in 1885
built a fine depot and freight office. There
are a dozen or more stores, and most of the
mechanical trades are represented. Drs.
Bahn and Hoke are the physicians of the


The manufacturing of paper was begun
by Jacob Hauer soon after the iron business
was discontinued. He conducted this new
business until his death in 1853, after this
event it was continued by his heirs, and
managed by Mr. Bradley for a time, and
then leased to a firm in Philadelphia. In
1863 the present owner Mr. P. H. Glatfelter
purchased the paper mill and all its interests
for $14,000. He had carefully learned the
art of paper-making with the firm of Loucks
& Hoffman at Paper Mills, Md., having
been in their employ from the year 1857 un-

til the time he purchased the Spring Grove
Mills. The capacity then was 1,500 pounds
of paper a day; which by improvement was
increased to 4,000 pounds in 1868. He be-
gan the erection of new buildings in 1874,
and furnished them with entirely new
machinery, at a great expense. The capacity
of the new mill was 10,000 pounds of paper
a day, and its entire cost, $200,000. Owing
to the continued prosperity of his business,
Mr. Glatfelter built additions and purchased
new machinery, until the present capacity is
the enormous amount of 30,000 pounds a
day, or about 8,700 tons yearly, and is con-
tinually worked to fullest allowance. The
buildings as they now stand, cover about five
acres of land and with the machinery are
valued at $450,000. The printing paper is
manufactured from wood, straw and waste
paper. The wood used is hickory-poplar
and pine, and it costs $8 a cord delivered.
The machinery is run by one 300-horse
power engine and three forty-horse power
engines, which for effective completeness is

Online LibraryJohn GibsonHistory of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present → online text (page 140 of 218)