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History of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present online

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ment of the manufacturing interests of York. He
was born in Baltimore, Md., September 29, 1858,
and with his parents came to York County, in 1865.
He received his education in the schools of York
County, finishing his studies at the York County
Academy. After finishing his studies he engaged
with P. H. Glatfelter at paper manufacturing,
continuing until 1878 when he became an assistant
of his father, who had purchased an interest in the
York Manufacturing Company, and in 1881 he be-
came a partner. This company is extensively en-
gaged in the manufacture of steam engines, water-
wheels andmillmachinery, and employs about forty
hands. Mr. Loucks was united in marriage May
2.3, 1883, with Anna N. Lord of Baltimore, Md.
Mr. Loucks is a Knight Templar and also an en-
campment member of the I. O. O. F.

HUGH W. McCALL, attorney at law, was
born in Lower Chanceford Township, York Co.,
Penn., June 15, 1839, is a son of James L. and
Sarah D. (Whiteford) McCall, and is of Scotch-
Irish and English descent. The father of Mr. Mc-
Call was born in Lower Chanceford Township,
January 9, 1806, and his motiier was born in Harford
County, Md., in 1805. The McCall family has
been identified with the history of York County for
more than 150 years, and the maternal grandfather
of our subject was a soldieT in the war of 1812.
Receiving an academical education. Mr. McCall
went, in 1861, to Mansfield, Ohio, and took up the
study of law, under Judge Thomas W. Bartley, ex-
goveruor of Ohio. Our subject in 1863 enlisted in
Capt. Miller's company, which was at that time



ordered to the defense of Cincinnati whicli was
threatened by Kirby Smith; in this capacity he served
fortbirty days, and returned to Mansfield and re-
sumed bis legal studies, which he continued until

1863, when he came to Yorls County, where he raised
and organized Company A,of the Twenty-firstPenn-
sylvania Cavalry, commanded by Col. W. H. Boyd,
until be was severely wounded at Cold Harbor.
Mr. McCall was commissioned captain February 19,

1864, and tliis position be held until the close of
the war. He completed the study of the law in the
office of Hon. Thomas E. Cochran of York, and
was admitted to the bar August 27, 1866, and has
since continued the practice of bis profession. He
is a Republican, and in 1868 was a delegate of the
National Republican Convention at Chicago. He
was married in 1871 to Miss Rachel E. Kell, a
native of Franklin County, Penn. Their children
are as follows: James S., born August 15, 1872;
Hugh C, March 17, 1874, and Samuel K., April 9,
1876. Mr. and Mrs McCall are members of the
Presbyterian Church.

ceased, was a prominent physician of his day. He
was born October 12, 1809, in York, Penn., and
was a son of Robert and Sarah (Miller) McClellan.
Robert McClellan died March 12, 1813, and his
widow was subsequently married to Dr. William
Jamison, of York, with whom our subject prose-
cuted his medical studies. He was also a student
of the Medical College of Baltimore, and a graduate
of that institution. He began the practical duties
of his profession immediately after graduation, and
until his death was untiring in his devotion to his
duty. He was a skillful practitioner and achieved
an enviable reputation and a large practice. Dr.
McClellan was for many years prominently identi-
fied with the Presbyterian Church, of which he was
an elder, treasurer and valued member. As a citi-
zen, he was just and honorable to all, and his death,
which occurred August 7, 1869, was sincerely regret-
ted by all. His wife, with whom he was united
May 7, 188,5, was Miss Catherine Louisa Smyser, a
daughter of Philip A. and Susan L. Smyser of York.
She died July 9, 1884, and was the mother of seven
children, only two now living. Catherine .1. and
William H. ; the latter is one of the prominent busi-
ness men of York, and is engaged in the hardware
and grocery trades.

G. W. McBLROY, district atorney of the county
of York, was born in Lancaster County, July 23,
1824. He is a son of Daniel and Rebecca (Wis'hard)
McElroy, and is of Scotch-Irish origin. He is the
youngest of nine children, only two of whom are
living. His father was born in the county of
Donegal, Ireland, and his mother in Glasgow,
Scotland, and came to America and settled in Lan-
caster County, Penn., where they died. Oursubject
received a common school education in Lancaster
County, and was afterward educated in the
higher branches, under the kind favor and contin-
ued patronage of his brother, A. McElroy, Esq.,
who died at Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia County, in
the summer of 1876. In 1841 he became the princi-
pal of the Ephrata Academy, which position he
held for three years and then read law under Col.
Reah Frazer, at Lancaster. He was admitted to
the Lancaster bar in 1846, and practiced there a
number of years, during a part of which time he
edited the Lancaster Intelligencer, and then went to
Meadville, Crawford Co., Penn., where he remained
until 18.53, and then returned to Lancaster and
continued practice until 1860. In 1861 he enhsted
in Company A, First Pennsylvania Artillerv. and
was about to be promoted when he was taken ill
and was brought to the York Hospital, but regain-
ing his health, was placed in the commissary de-
partment, and there continued until 1864, when he

was honorably discharged. He was admitted to
the York County bar December 20, 1864, and in
1883 was elected district attorney of York County.
He was married in 1866 to Miss Anna M. Fisher, »
native of York, and has had eight children born to
him. He is a Democrat.

JOHN T. McFALL, hatter and dealer in gents'
furnishing goods, was born in Union County, Penn.,
in 1842, and is a son of Thomas and Eliza (Mensch)
McFall, and is of Scotch-German extraction. His
father was born in Northampton County, Penn.,
but subsequently removed to Union County, where
he died in 1846. The mother of our subject still
resides in that county. Mr. McFall was educated
in the public schools. He first engaged in the paint-
ing business. In 1860 he left his native county
and went to Chester, Delaware County. There he
remained fpr nine years, and in 1869 came to York
and engaged in his present business. He makes a
specialty of fine goods and ranks as the principal
hatter and gents' furnisher in York, and is doing a
successful business. His marriage took place in
1866, to Miss MoUie E. Johns, a native of Adams
Countv. They have two children, viz. : Wayne G.
and Edith M. Mr. and Mrs. McFall are members
of the Lutheran Church.

chael W. and Ann L. (McCall) McKlnnon, was
born in February, 1832. The father was a native of
Hartford County, Md., and the mother of York
County. Penn.; the father was a tanner and farmer.
Dr. McKinnon began his education in the common
schools of York County, which he attended until
the age of ten years ; then entered the academy of
York, where, after completing a course of study, he
entered Franklin College, at New Athens, Ohio ;
after finishing his collegiate course he began the
study of medicine under Dr. A. S. Baldwin, of
York County, and subsequently entered the Uni-
versity of Maryland, at Baltimore, and graduated
March, 1853 ; practiced one year and then went to
Shirleysburg, Huntingdon Co. Penn., and prac-
ticed until 1861 ; was then commissioned surgeon in
the army ; served until January, 1863 ; then re-
signed and began the practice of his profession at
Hagerstown, Md. He remained there until March,
1870, then removed to Chanceford Township, York
Co., Penn., and practiced until October, 1873 ;
then removed to York, where he still resides and
continues the practice of his profession. Dr. Mc-
Kinnon was a member of the school board of
Huntingdon County, Penn.; a member of the
school board of Hagerstown, Md.; a member of the
town council of Hagerstown three years ; served
three years in the school board of York, and was
elected a member of the legislature in the fall of
1884, which position he still holds. He married Id
May, 1857, Amelia J., daughter of Daniel Schindel,
of Hagerstown, Md,, and to this union were born
six children : Carrie, Annie, Robert B., John W.,
Walter S., Margaret H. The Doctor is a member
of the asssooiation known as the A. O. M. P.; a
member of the Masonic fraternity ; a member of
the American Medical Association, and York
County Medical Society, and also a member of the
Presbyterian Church, of York.

WILLIAM MACK, a native of Germany, was
born in 1841. Learning the trade of cooper and
brewer he has followed it all his life. He immi-
grated to America in 1861. He has since been en-
gaged at his trade in New York, Lancaster, Phila-
delphia, and since 1869, in York. Since 1878 he has
been engaged in the bottling business, in connect ion
with that of a cooper. Mr. Mack was married in
1863, to Annie Rinehart, al.'so of German ancestry.
They have seven living children: Charles W., Annie,
Lizzie, Fred, William, George and Frederike.



HON. LEVI MAISH. This gentleman is one of
York's most distinguished sons, and one who has
most heroically hewn out his own pathway along
the rugged highway of life. He was born in Cone-
wago Township, York Co., Penn., November 33,
1837. His father, David Maish. a most estimable
farmer, is now deceased. His mother, Salome Nie-
man Maish, is still living. The Maishs were among
the original settlers of York County, coming here
from Chester County with the Quakers, who were
among the pioneers in the red lands of the upper
end of York County. The subject of this sketch.
Col. Levi Maish, received the rudiments of his edu-
cation in the common schools of his native place
and afterward entered upon a course of study at
the York County Academj'. He was a close student
and retired reluctantly from the academy to learn
tlie trade of machinist, April, 1855. Desirous of
completing his education and entering upon a pro-
fessional life he abandoned his apprenticeship in the
summer of 1857, and prosecuted his studies with
renewed energy. For two terms he taught school
in Manchester Township, York County, and also
one term in York Borough. In 1861 he took up
the stud}' of the law under D. J. Williams,
Esq., at the time an able practitioner at the
York bar. Being of a patriotic turn of mind,
in 1861, unable to resist the call to arms, he
rai.sed and organized a company of volunteers
from among the young men of his town and
vicinity, which, with three other companies from
York County and si.v from Carlisle, Penn., formed
the famous One Hundred and Thirtieth Kegiment
Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. In the organ-
ization of the battalion, he was elected lieutenant-
colonel, and August 17, 1862, went with his regi-
ment to Washington, and was stationed in the de-
fenses of the capital. Very soon afterward Qen.
Pope met with disaster at Manasses and the One
Hundred and Thirtieth Regiment was attached to
the Army of the Potomac, and participated in Gen.
McClellan's pursuit of Gen. Lee into Maryland.
While actively engaged in the thickest of the fight
at Antietam, he received a ball in tjie right lung,
from the effects of which he suffered, terribly, and
narrowly escaped death. The ball was never
extracted and he still carries it in his lung as a
reminder of that sanguinary conflict. Again, at the
battle of Chancellorsville, he was dangerously
wounded, this time in the hip by a minie ball. The
colonel of his regiment, H.I. Zinn, was killed at the
battle of Fredericksburg, December 14, 1862, when
our subject was promoted to the colonelcy of the
regiment, and for a time commanded the brigade to
which his regiment was attached at the battle of
Chancellorsville, the general commanding having
been captured. On May 21, 1868, he was mustered
out of service at Harrisburg, the period of his en-
listment having expired. Previous to resuming the
study of law, he attended lectures in the law de-
partment of the University of Pennsylvania; in
1864 passed a highly creditable examination and was
admitted to the bar. His talents and pleasant man-
ners soon attracted to him a good practice. His
party in October, 1866, elected him to the lower
house of the State legislature of Pennsylvania, and
was reelected in 1867. He was a member of the
committee of ways and means and that of local
judiciary. He served also on the special committee
to present the Hancock chair to the city of Phila-
delphia. Col. Maish on entering the political field
in his county identified himself with the reform
wing of the Democracy, and labored zealously with
the friends of that element to attain the satisfactory
results which were secured and an end put to the
extravagance and corruption so flagrant at the
time. In 1871, when the question of the adoption
of the new constitution was being agitated. Col.

Maish was a zealous advocate of this praiseworthy
and desirable movement, and took no mean part in
the discussion which resulted in the adoption of that
constitution. In 1872, in company with the late

; Hon. Thomas E. Cochran and C. B. Wallace, Esq.,
he was appointed by the legislature of Pennsylva-
nia, to reaudit the accounts of all the county ofl3-
cers, a duty he performed with great ability, judg-

I ment and discretion, and for which he was much

j complimented. The duties of this appointment

I were very complex, and from the delicate nature of
the work, liable to make a man not endowed with
the capability and foresight of our subject, forever

I afterward unpopular with his party. In August,

' 1874, he was nominated by the Democracy of the
Nineteenth Congressional District, composed of the

j counties of York, Adams and Cumberland, as its
candidate for congress and was elected by a very
handsome majority. He served in the forty-fourth
congress upon the committee of agriculture and
coinage, weights and measures, with distinction.

I He was re-elected in 1876 to the forty-fifth congress
and was placed second on the committee of military
affairs, and again on that of coinage, weights and
measures. It was at this session of congress, that
he especially distinguished himself, and won the
respect and admiration of the leading men of the
nation by the display of his abilities, honesty of
purpose and devotion, not onljr to the principles of
the Democratic party, but his great reverence for
constitutionalliberty and work for the best interests
of the republic. We shall here briefly refer to some
of Col. Maish's work in congress which brought
him prominently before the country as a man of

I genius and ability.



On July 29, 1876, a bill having been reported by
( the Committee on Pensions, providing for the pay-
ment of pensions to pensioners of the government
from the time of their discharge from the service to
the time at which their pensions were arbitrarily
commenced by the Pension Bureau, otherwise called
the Arrears of Pension Act, Col. Maish made a
• speech in the house of representatives, in advocacy
of the bill, which speech was not only considered a
very able effort, but one which attracted great at-
! tention in the house and all over the country for the
j originality of the views presented in it, and was also
' the subject of many complimentary letters from the
soldiers of the Union.

By a rule of the pension oflice, pensions began
from the time of the last material evidence fur-
nished. This sometimes procrastinated the claim
from one to ten years after the application for a
pension was made, varying in accordance with the
j diligence of the pension oflice and the good luck of
the claimant in expediting his claim. In extenuation
of this unjust method of the pension office, Hon.
John A. Casson, of Iowa, and Gen. Hurlburt, of
j Chicago, members of the house at the time, took the
ground that the pension was a mere matter of gift or
grace. Col. Maish delivered his admirable speech
I in reply to this proposition, and showed that the
1 pension of the soldier from the acts of congress,
under which he enlisted, was as much a contract as
j the promise of the government to pay its bonds to
those who loaned their money to carry on the war;
I and the government having contracted to pay its
soldiers certain pensions for disabilities incurred in
the service, such pensions could not be postponed at
the caprice of the pension oflSce for an indefinite
I length of time. The argument was conceded to be
I unanswerable. The bill became a law, but subse-
I quently similar enactments were largely extended to
cases not covered by the principles advocated in the
'. speech of Col. Maish.




February 8, 1877, immediately after the con-
summation of the fraud ot 1876, which resulted in
the defeat of the people's choice: Hon. Samuel J.
Tilden, aud the seating of Rutherford B. Hayes,
Col. Maish proposed an amendment in the house of
representatives, to the Constitution of the United
States, which had for its object the changing of the
method of electing the president and vice-presi-
dent of the United States. To guard against the
evils of disputed elections, it proposed to abolish
the election of electors and provide for the election
of the president by a direct vote of the people.

The amendment is as follows :


Article II, Section 1, paragraph 2, to be made to
read as follows :

"Each State shall be entitled to a number of
electoral votes equal to the whole number of sena-
tors and representatives to which the State shall be
entitled in congress."

The first diVision of the twelfth amendment to
the Constitution, ending with the words "directed
to the President of the Senate," to be struck out,
and the following substituted:

' ' The citizens of each State who shall be qualified
to vote for representatives in congress shall cast
their votes for candidates for president and vice-
president by ballot, and proper returns of the votes
so cast shall be made under seal, within ten days, to
the secretary of State or other ofllcer lawfully per-
forming the duties of such secretary in the govern-
ment of the State, by whom the said returns shall
be publicly opened in the presence of the chief
executive magistrate of the State, and of the chief
justice or judge of the highest court thereof; and
the said secretary, chief magistrate, and judge shall
assign to each candidate voted for by a sufficient
number of citizens a proportionate part of the elec-
toral votes to which the State shall be entitled, in
manner following, that is to say: they shall divide
the whole number of votes returned by the whole
number of the State's electoral vote, and the result-
ing quotient shall be the electoral ratio for the State,
and shall assign to candidates voted for one elec-
toral vote for each ratio of popular votes received
by them respectively, and, if necessary, additional
electoral votes for successive largest fractions of a
ratio shall be assigned to candidates voted for until
the whole number of the electoral votes of the
State shall be distributed; and the said officers shall
thereupon make up and certify at least three gen-
eral returns, comprising the popular vote by coun-
ties, parishes, or other principal divisions of the
State, and their apportionment of electoral votes as
aforesaid, and shall transmit two thereof, under seal,
to the seat of Government of the United States, one
directed to the president of the Senate and one to
the speaker of the house of representatives, and a
third unsealed return shall be forthwith filed by the
said secretary in his office, be recorded therein, and
be at all times open to inspection."

Article 11, Section 1, paragraph 4, to be made to
read as follows :

"The congress may determine the time of voting
for 'president and vice-president and the time of
assigning electoral votes to candidates voted for,
which times shall be uniform throughout the United

Strike out the words "electors appointed,"
where they occur in the twelfth amendment to the
Constitution, and insert in their stead the words
"electoral votes."

Again at the following session of congress in
October, 1877, Col. Maish introduced his amend-

In the N. AmeriamRemew of 3Iay and April, 1877.
ex-Senator Charles R. Buckalew. reviewed at length
the amendment proposed by Col. Maish, and advo
cated its adoption in a very able article. The
amendment was reported favorably by a committee
of the house, but the report was made so near tlie
end of the session that its final consideration was
not reached. The proposition received verj' gen-
eral approval and indorsement by the press of the
country, and the colonel received many compliments
for his introduction of the measure.

The glaring defects of our present system of
electing a president and vice-president was called
into view at the presidential election of 1S84; the

after many days of uncertainty and doubt (which
disturbed the business of the country, after a heated
contest, and rekindled the embers of bitter strife),
finally declared to have been cast in favor of Grover
Cleveland, by a majority of a little over 1,000, in an
aggregate vote of nearly 1,000,000. This circum-
stance revived the interest in the necessity for a
change in our general method of election, and Col.
Maisii's amendment found many friends and warm
advocates in the newspapers of the country. Ex-
Senator Buckalew, during the contest, in an able
interview, published in the Philadelphia Times,
presented its merits very forcibly, and the Pitts-
burgh Post, shortly after the election, in a long and
able editorial, zealously advocated its adoption.

It was during the closing days of the forty-fourth
congress that Col. Maish made himself especially
popular and prominent by his arduous duties upon
that important committee of "powers and privi-
leges of the house." This committee was the one
which investigated and exposed the frauds of the
Louisiana Returning Board, of which the notorious
James Madison Wells was the president. Hon. J.
Proctor Knott, now governor of Kentucky, was the
chairman of this committee, and he assigned to our
subject the laborious duty of preparing a very large
portion of the testimony taken during the investi-
gation of thost- frauds. It is also a well-known fact
and much to the credit of Col. Maish, that in a
great measure it was owing to his shrewdness and
sagacity, that J. Madison Wells' attempt to sell the
vote of Louisiana was discovered.

At the close of the forty-fifth congress, in 1878,
his term having expired and, under the rules of the
district, the nomination going to Cumberland
County, he was succeeded by the Hon. Frank E.
Beltzhoover. of that county. After leaving con-
gress, Col. Maish devoted himself to the practice of
the law, which he temporarily abandoned to take his
seat in congress, and has ever since devoted himself
assiduously to the interests of the large clientage
he enjoys, and is at present the counsel of the board
of commissioners of York County. On October 31,
1883, Col. Maish was married to Miss Louise L. Mil-
ler, of Georgetown, D. C, daughter of Benjamin
F. Miller, who, prior to the war of the Rebellion,
was a very successful merchant of Winchester, Va.
A son has blessed this union, who at this time is but
an infant.

S. M. MANIFOLD, superintendent of the York
& Peach Bottom Railroad, is a native of Hopewell
Township, and was born in 1843. His ancestors are
of Scotch-Irish and English origin, and were early
settlers in the southern portion of York County.
Upon his father's side, his grandfather was Henry
Manifold, a farmer of Hopewell Township, and
upon his mother's, Samuel Martin, a well-known
Presbyterian minister, and a resident of Lower
Chanceford Township. His parents were .loseph
and Rebecca (Martin) Manifold, the former a native
of Hopewell and the latter of Lower Chanceford
Township. They resided in the lower end of York


County all their lives. The mother died in 1869,
and the father in 1884. They were the parents of
six children (four of whom are living); Samuel N.
(being the eldest), Margaret J.. Keziah A. and Will-
iain P. (a farmer of Lower Chanceford), Mrs. Ro-
sanua Dougherty (deceased) and Alexander
(deceased). Our subject was reared upon a farm and
obtained a common school education. He remained
engaged in agricultural pursuits until 1863, when
he enlisted in Company A, Twenty first Pennsyl-
vania Cavalry, and was in active service until the

Online LibraryJohn GibsonHistory of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present → online text (page 166 of 218)