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History of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present online

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Schools 658, I

Taxable Inhabitants I

TOWN.SHIP OF Franklin i

Borough Schools I

Business Industry (

Churches (

Evangelical Lutheran Church )

Franklintown (

Harmony Bethel f

Incorporation (

Military (

St. John's Reformed and Lutheran

Church (

South Mountain Union Church i

Topography (

Township Schools (

United Brethren Church I

Township of Warrington (

Alpine I

Blue Ridge Bethel I

Boundary Line i

Churches, Rossville i

Church of God I

Historical Facts and Incidents (

Houses of Worship (

Lutheran Church I

Maytown I

Methodist Episcopal Church I

Mount Airy Church I

Mount Top (

Mount Top Horse Company (

Mount Zion Church (

Quaker Meeting House (

Reformed Church (

Rossville (

Round Top (

Salem Church of the Evangelical

Association (

Topography (

Union Church (

Visit of Lorenzo Dow (

Warrington in 1783 (

Wellsville (

Township of Washington (

Bermudian Meeting House (

Emanuel's Church of the Evangeli-
cal Association f

Hall Postoffice (

Houses of Worship i

Mulberry Postoffice f



PAGE.

Salem Lutheran and Refd Church.. 674

St. Paul's Lutheran and Reformed
Church 673

Topography

Township of Dover

Borough of Dover

Davidsburg

Dover Church, The

Dover in 1783

Emig's Mills

Incorporation of Dover

Indian Relics

Lutheran Church

Mennonite Meeting House

Public Schools, Introduction of...

Religious Societies

Rohler's Union Church

Small Fruits

United Brethren Church

Weiglestown

Township of Conewago

Church History

Green Spring Church

Historical Notes

Indian Relics

Mount Pleasant Chapel



Publ

Quickel's Church

Strinestown

Zion Lutheran and Refoi-mi

Church

Township of Paradise

Altland's Meeting House

Baughmansville

Bigmount Village ,

Churches

Confederate Invasion, The

Holz-Schwamm Church

Mills

Paradise Brickyard

Paradise Catholic Church

Schools

Taxables of 1783

Township of Jackson.,

Brickyard

Churches of Spring Grove

Mt. Zion's Reformed Church

Reformed Lutheran Church

Schoolhouse

St. Paul's Lutheran Church

Spring Grove Borough

Spring Grove Paper Mills ,

Township of Manheim

Lutheran and Reformed Church...

Public Schools

Taxables in 1783

Township of Heidelberg

Historical Spot, An .'

Iron Ore Interests

Mennonite Meeting House

Schools

Township of Penn

Evangelical Church

Public Schools

Township of West Manheim

Churches ,

Lutheran and Reformed Church..

Mount Zion United Brethren Churc

Public Schools

St. Bartholomew's Church ,

Townships of Codorus and North
CODOBUS

Borough Schools..'

Christ's Reformed Church

Churches

Churches of Jefferson

Church of the United Brethren i
Christ

Glenville

Hanover Junction

Historical Notes

Incorporation of Jefferson

Iron Ore Interests

Jefferson Borough

Jefferson Station

New Salem

New Salem Church

Old Roads

Old-time Fairs

Public Schools

St. Jacob's Church

St. Peter's Church

Steltzes' Church

Stoverstown

Stoverstown Church

Taxables in 1783

Union Church

Villages

Ziegler's Church



680



/6^|-



PAGE.

_ Church 700

towNSHip OF Shrewsbury 704

Assessment Roll of 1783 704

Church History 709

Disasters 709

Eminent Citizens 708

Erection of Shrewsbury 707

Evangelical Association 706

First National Bank of Glen Eock... 713

Fissel's Church 712

German Reformed Church 706

Gerry, M. D., Hon. James 708

Glen Rock Borough 711

Incorporation of Glen Rock 712

Industries 707

Industries of Glen Hock 711

Journalism 708

Journalism of Glen Hock 712

Lutheran Churches 706, 710, 713

Methodist Episcopal Churches...707,

709, 713

Military •. 708, 713

New Freedom 714

Public School System-
Railroad Borough



713

R'eformed Church 710, 713

St. John's Catholic Church 714

Schools of Glen Rock 712

Secret Societies 710, 713

Shrewsbury Borough 707

Shrewsbury Savings Institution 710

Soldiers of Shrewsbury 707

owHSHip OF Springfield 715

Churches 717

Friedensaals Kirche 717

German Baptist Meeting-house 718

Loganville 715

Loganville Church 718

Mining Interest 719

Mount Zion's Church 718

New Paradise 716

Paradise Church 718

Public Schools 719

Salem Lutheran and Refd Church.. 718

Seven Yalley 716

St. Peter's Reformed Church 717

Topography 715

CowNSHip of York 719

Beth»ny Church 722

Business Places in Dallastown 721

Churches 721

Church of the United Brethren in

Christ 721

Cornet Band 722

Dallastown 7'20

Foundation of Dallastown 720

Incorporation of Dallastown 721

Incorporation of Red Lion 722

Industries of Red Lion 722

Innersville Chapel 723

Longstown 723

Manufacturers 723

Mount Onion Chapel 723

Origin of Name of Dallastown 721

Originof Name of Red Lion... 722

Pine Grove Church 72.3

Public Schools 724

Red Lion Borough 722

Red Lion School Building 723

Residents in 1783 719

Schools 722

St. John's Lutheran and Reformed

Church 720

St. John's Reformed Church 722

St. Joseph's Catholic Church 721

St. Paul's Lutheran and Reformed

Church 721

rowNSHip OF Windsor 724

Bethlehem Church 726

Churches 726

Emanuel's Lutheran and Reformed

Church 726

Frysville 726

Historical and Industrial Notes 728

Iron Ore Interests 727

Locust Grove Church 727

Prison for British and Hessian

Soldiers 728

Public Schools 727

Taxables for 1783 724

Union Church 727

Windsorville 725

Windsor Bethel 727

Zion United Brethren Church 726

Township of Lower Windsor 729

Beard's Tannery 731

Cemetery 732

Churches 732

East Prospect Borough 731



~~Ml.



PAGE.

Ebenezer Church 732

Evangelical Church 731

Fire Insurance Company 732

Historical Notes 733

Iron Ore Interests 733

Lutheran and Reformed Church 730

Margaretta Church 732

New Salem Church 732

North Trinity Church 732

Schools 733

Yorkana 731

Zion's Church of the Evangelical

Association 732

Township of Chahceford 734

Agriculture v 735

Bethel Methodist Episcopal Church. 737

Boundaries 734

Churches 736

First Buildings 734

Guinston United Presbyterian

Church 736

Industries 735

Lockport 736

Lutheran and Reformed Church 737

Mount Pleasant Church 737

New Bridgeville 736

New Harmony Presbyterian Church 737

Public Schools V33

Settlement 734

St. James Church 737

Successful Men 735

The Chapel 737

Topography 734

Trinity Church of the Evangelical

Association 737

Trout, Hon. Valentine 738

Township of Lower Chanceford.. 738

Airville 745

Airville Circuit of the Methodist

Episcopal Church 743

Anecdotes of Rev. Cuthbertson 742

Centreville 745

Historical Personages 747

•- -^all's Ferry 744

Cendree Methodist Episcopal

Church 744

Military 746

Muddy Creek Forks Postoffice 746

Organization 739

Origin of Name 738

Pine Grove Presbyterian Church 743

Pleasant Hill Church 744

Presbyterian Church 741

Public Schools 747

Religious History 741

Remarkable Missionary 742

Salem Methodist Episcopal Church.. 744

Taxable List of 1783 739

Things of the Past.

Union Chapel

United Presbytei '
Woodbi

Ljork Furnace Brid




To^ nami ' ut IIUi ' ET i
Agriculture..
Church of the United Brethr

Christ, Winterstown

Cross Roads Postofflce

Historical Notes and Incidents..

Hopewell Centre

Hopewell i ' —



ntroduction
Lebanon Lutheran and Reformed

Church ■:

Methodist Episcopal Church, Stew-
Mount Olivet Church, Winterstown 1
Presbyterian Church, Stewartstown 5

Sadler's Church ;

Stewartstown Borough '

The "King of the Barrens" '

United Presbyterian Church \

Winterstown Borough '

Zion Methodist Episcopal Church,

Stewartstown '

Township of Fawn '

Centre Presbyterian Church ;

Fawn Grove Academy '

Fawn Grove Borough ;

Fawn Township in 1783 ■;

Friends' Meeting-house ;

Gatchellville ':

New Parke ■;

Prospect Methodist Episcopal

Church ■

Public Schools '

Whiteside Chapel :



Township oV Peach Bottom....

Bryansville

Oalvinistic Methodist Church..

Churches

Cold Cabins

Coulsontown



Historical Notes 769

Kersev, Jesse 770

Peach Bottom Baptist Church 766

Peach Bottom Village and Ferry. ... 764

Public Schools 767

Slate Ridge Presbyterian Church.... 762

Slateville Postofflce 770

Slatevlile Presbyterian Church 764

Slate Quarries 767

Temporary Line 767

Welsh, The 768

Welsh Congregationalist Church 768

West Bangor 768

conclusio.s- 771

Addenda 772



ILLUSTRATIONS— PORTRAITS.

Bailey, W.D 654

Beidler, Baltzer 602

Black, Jere S 452

Campbell, John G 451

Cathcart, Robert 411

Cocklin, Jacob 646

Crider, David W 544

Deininger, C. J 410

Detwiler, D. W 732

Durkee, Daniel 439

Ebaugh, Adam 748

Ebert, Geo D 595

Ebert, Ellas 610

Eichelberger, A. W 339

Fisher, R. J : 441

Frazer, Isaac 628

Gable, L C 459

Gibson, John (Frontispiece)

Hays, M. M 626

Klugh, John 662

Lanius W. H 520

Lederman, Conrad 238

Lochman, A. H 529

Logan, Henry 650

Loucks, Z. K 557

McConkey, James 761

Mayer, John L 450

Miller, Lew



Peda



. M.



Porter, B. F., M. D

Ramsay, Wm. F

Sherwood, Geo. E

Small, Philip A

Small, Samuel

Smyser, E. G

Spangler, E. W

Stuck, Oliver

Weiser, Chas

Wiest, John, M. D

Young, Hiram

Frey, Enos

ILLUSTRATIONS-VIEWS.

Children's Home, York

Cones toga Team

Court House, etc

Exterior of an Old-time Church

Historic Old House

Interior of an Old-time Church

Market House, etc

Market Scene

Masonic Hall, York Borough

Old Court House, etc

Old Friends' Meeting House near Lew-

isberry

Spring Grove Paper Mills

To Church on Horseback

Warrington Meeting House

York Collegiate Institute

York County Academy



Geological Map

Springetsbury Manor

Temporary Boundary Line...
Township Map



PART II.



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.

Carroll Township 83

Chanceford Township 89

Codorus Township 93

Conewago Township 94

Dover Township 95

Fairvicw Township 96

Fawn Township 100

Franklin Township 104

Hanover Borough 59

Heidelberg Township 108

Hellam Township 73

Hopewell Township Ill

Jackson Township 117

Lower Chanceford Township 121

Lower Windsor Township 127



PAGE.

Manchester Township 131

Monaghan Township 146

Newberrv Township 150

North Codorus 159

Paradise Township 160

Peach Bottom Township 161

Penn Township 59

'Shrewshurv Township 169

Springfield Township 185

Spring Garden Township 1S7

Warrington Township 194

Washington Township 197

West Manchester Township 199

West Manheinj Township 200

Windsor Township 201

Wrightsville Borough 73

York Borough 3

York Township 203



ILLUSTRATIONS— PORTRAITS.

Eittenger, John W

Black, Chauncey F

Bollinger, O. J

Boyd, Stephen G i

Hammond, Hervey 1.".

Hammond, W. S 15

Heffener, H. W ■>

Kinard, J. W 12

Kocher, S. R 7

Lewis, C. E 3

Myers, E. B II

Noss, Herman ;i

Scott. F. T 4

Seacrist, H j

Seitz, N. Z IS

Spangler, Hamilton 4

Williams, D.G 5




ERRATA.



Springetsbury Manor, page 88, for line 35, and
also European Title, page 43, for lines 7 and 8,
second column, read "The father of Springet Penn
was not the eldest son of the founder. His eldest
son was Springet, who died unmarried. His second
son, William, was the father of Springet, after
whom the manor was named, and he was the
youngest child of the founder by his first wife." —
F. D. Stone, librarian. Historical Society of Penn-
sylvania.

On page 78, first column, line 24, read "1874,"
instead of "1774." The survey by Thomas G.
Cross, Esq., was made for contestants of^land within
fifteen years past.

Springetsbury Manor, page 93, read "Blunstone's
Licenses" instead "Blumstone's Licenses."

On page 106, line 20, first column read "dictator."

On page 113, second column, line 33, for "say-
ing," read "saving."

The Revolution, page 117, second column, first
line, read "at the Court House, York."

The Revolution, page 120, first line, second
column, after the word "colonies" read "And
whereas it appears absolutely irreconcilable to rea-
son and good conscience for the people of these
colonies, now," etc.

On page 138: "Aid to Baltimore;" on line 21
read "Harford County" instead of "Harvard
County."

On page 128, the note citing "Purviance's Nar-
rative" should be placed at the foot of the second .
column after the letters which are taken from that
book.

On page 147, second column, line 15, read "First,
Second and Third Pennsylvania Regiments."

On page 147, second column, line 47, strike out
thelelter "d" in Capt. McClellan's name; also strike
out lines 49 and 50, they' refer to company of Capt.
Joseph McClellan.

On page 153, line 36, second column, read "York
County" mstead of "Yale County."

On page 155, "Major Denny's Journal," line 41,
read "it was designed with that view."

On page 156, in line 45, strike out the word "of "
and read "convention prisoners,"

In "Pennsylvania (3ermans," on page 331, sec-
ond column, next to last line, read "its" for "is."

Page 334, first column, sixth line, read "Katzen-
ellenbogen" for "Katzenellenbegen."



Page 338, second column, eighth line, read
"above" for "below."

Page 240, second column, seventh line from
bottom, read "Farmers'" for "farmers."

Page 345, second column, read "R. F." for "B."
F. Strayer.

Page 356, first column, read "Schindel" for
"Schinidel."

Page 367, second column, sixth line from bottom,
read "assertions" for "aspirations."

Page 273, second column, lines 36 and 37 from
top, read "as" for "an" and "in" for "is."

On page 377 the last word in line 38 should be
"now."

On page 383 the word "topography" occurs in-
stead of "typography," in thirteenth line from top,
first column.

In "Biographies— Bench and Bar," page 448, add
"Thomas C. Hambly died on Saturday, September
5, 1885."

On page 468, in foot note, read "Docteur ea-Sci-
ences," instead of " Docieures-Sciencea."

On page 465, first line of second paragraph, read
"Quaternary," instead of "Quatenary."

On page 467, eighth and ninth lines, from top,
first column, read "they are frequently in close
proximity to," instead of "they are very generally
in close proximity with."

On page 467, thirty-fourth line from top, first
column, read "abound on the slope" instead of
"abounds," etc.

On page 469, first and second lines of last para-
graph, first column, read "We are forced to look to
other counties," instead of "AVe are forced to look
to other parts of the county."

On page 471, second column, first and second
lines, under head of "The Mesozoic Rocks," etc.,
read "None of the numerous measures of Mesozoic
age." instead of "None of the numerous members
of Mesozoic rocks."

In the foot note read "I have shown that, calcu-
lating by the ordinary method the beds exposed in
I Prof. li. D. Rogers' Yarleyville section, * "- *
1 their thickness would appear to be 51,500 feet," etc.
! On page 473, thirteenth line from top, second
I column, read "may have been suggested," instead
I of "seems to have been suggested," etc. On same
j page, read "Detweiler," instead of "Detwieler."
! The foot note, second column, should be on page 474.



CHICAGO:
JOHN MORRIS COMPANY, PRINTERS,

118 AND 120 MONROE STREET.



PART I.



GENERAL HISTORY.



BY j-OHiisr GiBSOisr.



THE EARLY SETTLERS— THE ABORIGINES— INDIAN TITLE— EUROPEAN TITLE— BORDER

TROUBLES-THE BOUNDARY LINE-SPRINGETSBURY MANOR-THE FRENCH

AND INDIAN WAR— THE REVOLUTION— CONGRESS— CONTINENTAL

TROOPS-SUBSEQUENT MILITARY HISTORY-WAR FOR

TilT.^ - - - -T'-np ETC., ETC.



THERE is no portion of the ;. i..;;...-.
United States in which there is centered
more of historic interest than that occupied by
the county of York in the State of Pennsylva-
nia. The town of York, in the words of LaFay-
ette, was "the seat of the American Union
in our most gloomy times." In its cemeter-
ies lie buried the remains of two of the
signers of the Declaration of Independence.
But not only during, but before and after,
that great event, the American Revolution,
the incidents of our history are full of in-
terest. The county was organized 136 years
ago. Its earliest settlements were made
some twenty years before. Throughout the
whole period of time since then its progress
has been steady and its development com-
mensurate with the growth of the American
nation. It is the purpose of this history to
trace that progress and to study that devel-
opment. As a portion of the Commonwealth
of Pennsylvania, York County is largely
identified with its early settlement and its
social and political progress.

Many of our citizens have had interest
enough in the subject to search out for them-
selves from available sources, such as the
Colonial Records and Pennsylvania Archives,
and the collections of the Historical Society,
the matters that pertain to our early history.
The historians of Lancaster County have
furnished some material, inasmuch as the
original settlement of our territory was made
while it was a part of that county. Such are



the «oiks of I. Daniel Rupp and Rev. D.
Humbert — the former of whom also published
a history of York County in connection with
that of Lancaster. A complete history, how-
ever, to its time, was written by Adam J.
Glossbrenner, who was assisted in the com-
pilation of the work by W. C. Carter, fifty
years since — a work well known to the citi-
zens of the borough of York, but copies of
which are now scarce. The great amount
of information contained in it, the accuracy
of its details of facts, and the pleasing style
of its composition, as well as the curious na-
ture of its contents, have made it a noted
literary production, and it is now, as the
Italians say, rococo in its character. The
editor of this book takes pleasure in saying
that that history has been to a large extent
embodied in this work, with its proper credit.
This it well deserved. Wherever available
the words of that history have been used, in-
stead of taking the carefully compiled infor-
mation therein afforded and molding it
into other language. Every subsequent at-
tempt to portray the early history of this
county has been indebted largely to that book.
Rupp's History and Day's Annals give it
credit for material. The work, therefore,
ought to be perpetuated for the benefit of our
people. A history of the county was writ-
ten, some years since, by M. O. Smith, editor
of the Hanover Herald, and published by
him in his newspaper by weekly installments.
That history faithfully collates facts from all



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY.



sources, and evidences a very patient investi-
gation of the original records and ancient
documents, while the simple style of the
narrative makes the work attractive. The
editor is indebted to that work foT'many
points and data. He also takes occasion to
say that he has embodied in this history,
wherever available, his own historical sketch
of the county, delivered on the 4th of
July, 1876, and which was published at the
time by O. Stuck & Son.
— ^The first chapter of the present work shows
what people came here to settle and under
what auspices, and the form and character
of government to which they were accus-
tomed when the responsibilities of self-
government fell upon them as upon the rest
of the people of America. The dealings with
the Indians are of interest to us as the de-
scendants of those who purchased from them,
or contended with them, for the possession of
this domain. That remarkable race of men,
their manners, their nature, their religion
and polity, have so impressed the minds of
our people, that societies for the perpetuation
of their rites and ceremonies, accompanied
with moral teachings derived from their
customs, are prevalent in the land, somewhat
after the order of speculative Masonry. They
are indeed a part of our history.

As hunters and traders in skins, they are
more particularly associated with the terri-
tory of York County.

The great contest between the Penns and
Lord Baltimore involved intricate questions,
which diplomacy on a larger scale has hardly
ever grappled with. It was a controversy
which concerned our people almost exclu-
sively, many of whose titles to their lands de-
pended upon its determination, and the bor-
der troubles arising from which were un-
paralleled in history anywhere. It was a
coarse age, that of the period of the settle-
ment of this county — it was so in England
and on the continent of Europe, as contem-
porary history shows, and roughness of man-
ners and disregard of the claims of others
are not worse in their details here than in
older countries. \ The efforts to establish a
boundary line between the provinces of Penn-
sylvania and Maryland, and to fix the status
of the settlements on this side of the Susque-
hanna River, the peculiar jurisdiction arising
from the royal attempt to quiet the disturb-
ances by the running of the temporary line
with its salvos to the respective proprietors,
created curious complications. This is the
only locality to which at the time of its impe-
tration the royal order of 1738 was applicable.
It concerned our people alone of the inhabit-



ants of Pennsylvania, and the establishment
of the final boundary line by the agreement
of the proprietaries alone determined who
were to be Pennsylvanians and who were to
be Marylanders. This was the celebrated
Mason and Dixon's line, famous once as the
line of sectional division of North and South.
But for us it constitutes the entire southern
boundary of the county, and fixed the domi-
cile of those persons who lived upon the
border.

The manor of Springetsbury, which com-
prises within its limits the city of York, in-
volved in its surveys and settlement many
interesting questions of title, passed upon by
the highest tribunals of Pennsylvania and of
the United States. The origin of this manor
and its bounds was at one time a matter of
great importance, for after the Eevolution,
the right to the lands was contested by the
Commonwealth itself. /

The part taken by our people in the great
wars of the nation was common to the people
of the United States, and the narrative shows
that we were not behind any in devotion to
our country. The period of the Revolution
as its events centered around York, is rife
with incidents of the deepest interest. For
the greater part of those extracts from con-
temporary memoirs and chronicles, which so
enliven the scenes that were enacted here, the
editor is indebted to Martin S. Eichelberger,
Esq., of York, who has evinced great zeal in
the collection and preservation of historical
incidents and events connected with our local
history.

j In the war for the maintenance of the
Union, as in the war of the Revolution, the
borough and county of York contributed to

1 all branches of the service their full comple-
ment, while the events that took place here
have made it a center of more than ordinary
historic interest. To this branch of the
general history, as well as to other portions
of the same which claimed special notice,
complementary and entertaining papers have
been contributed by competent writers — as
also biographies of those worthies who are
inseparable from our history.

The fashion of late has been to compose

; what are called popular histories, that is, of
the people, to tell what that once unknown
factor has done toward the development of
the national prosperity. This work is in-
tended to be such, and its entire scope must
therefore be taken together. The agricult-
ural, mechanical and mercantile progress of
our people, and all the pursuits of ordinary
life, are combined to present a bright page

I in the general history of the nation.



THE EAELY SETTLERS.



^^ THE EARLY SETTLERS.
rJ^HE English, who came over to this conti-
rjL nent with William Perm, came from a
spirit of adventure. Indeed, the conditions or
concessions as to grants of land in the prov-
ince were agreed upon between the proprie-
tary and those who were styled " adventurers
and purchasers." The immediate followers
of William Penn came on a mission of good
will to man, and to found a mighty empire,
guided by that inner light, which is the
foundation of all true liberty and govern-
ment — a government not of forms made for
the people, but by the people for themselves.
The language of the jaroprietaries was : ' ' We
lay a foundation for after ages to understand
their liberty as Christians and as men, that
they may not be brought into bondage but by
their own consent; for we put the power in
THE PEOPLE."* \ The belief in spiritual guid-
ance and the religious fervor of the society
of Friends, made not simply an enthusiast,



Online LibraryJohn GibsonHistory of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present → online text (page 2 of 218)