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History of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present online

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the Chesapeake, is near 700 miles.

After we crossed the Susquehanna we arrived at
Yorktown, which was some time the seat of Con-
gress. This is reckoned the second inland town in
America. It is not so large as Lancaster, but much
pleasanter, being situated on Codorus Creek, a j
pretty stream which falls into the Susquehannah. |
This town contains between 3,000 and 3,000
inhabitants, chiefly Irish, intermixed with a few {
Germans. Here was formerly more trade than in
Lancaster, and notwithstanding the troubles, it has
still more appearance of it. As we came into the
town at 4 o'clock in the afternoon, and marched the
next morning, you may easily imagine I had but
little time to malie any very particular observations;
but in walliing about I saw the court house, and a
few churclies, which are very neat brick buildings,
and I remarked the houses were much better built, j
and with more regularity than in Lancaster; of the j
two, though, York is considerably less than the [
other. I should give it the preference for a place I
of residence. As I observed in a former letter, it
was with a view and hope that the men would
desert that the Congress marched us at this inclem-
ent season; numbers have answered their wishes,
especially the Germans, who, seeing in what a com-
fortable manner their countrymen live, left us in

*Irving's Life of Washington.
tLieut. Anberry was taken prisoner
Burgoifne's army at Saratoga.

great numbers as we marclied through New York
the Jerseys and Pennsylvania. Among the number
of deserters is my servant, who, as we left Lancas-
ter, ran from me with my horse, portmanteau, and
everything he could take with him.

By letter of July 8, 1781, the Lieutenant
writes: "As we imagined, orders are arrived
for the removal of the army to Yorktown and
Lancaster, at which places the officers are to
be separated from the soldiers," and in a
subsequent letter describes the separation as

tlie surrender of

In Lamb's "Journal of the American War"f
is the following:

But my joy was of short duration. Scarcely was
1 settled (at Frederick. Md.) in my hut (in some de-
gree of ease and comfort, in comparison to my
former sufferings) when I was ordered to be moved
under a guard to Winchester, where the regiment
to which I belonged was confined. The officers and
men were all glad to see me; tbev had heard of the
hardships which I had endured in attempting my
escape, and they condoled with me; part of the
British troops remained here until January, 1783,
when Congress ordered us to be marched to Little
York, in Pennsylvania. I received information
that, as soon as I fell into the ranks to march off, I
should be taken and confined in Winchester jail, as
the Americans were apprehensive that wheii I got
to New York, I should again attempt my escape to
that place. I was advised by ray officers to conceal
myself until the troops had marched. I took the
hint and hid myself in the hospital among the sick;
here I remained until the American guards had been
two days on their march with the British prisoners.
I then prepared to follow them, but at a cautious
distance. The troops arrived at Little York, and
were confined in a prison which I have already de-
scribed in page 208,^ only a little more limited.
About two hundred yards from this pen a small vil-
lage had been built by the remains of Gen. Bui -
goyne's Army, who were allowed very great priv-
ileges with respect to their liberty in the country.
When some of my former comrades of the Ninth
Regiment were informed that I was a prisoner in
Lord Cornwallis's Army, and that I was shortly ex-
pected at Little York, they immediately applied to
the commanding officer of the Americans for a pass
in my name, claiming me as one of their regiment.
This was immediately granted, and some of them .
kindly and attentively placed themselves on the
watch for my arrival, lest I should be confined with
the rest of Lord Cornwallis's Army. When I en-
tered Little York I was most agreeably surprised at
meeting my former companions, and more so when
a pass was put into my hands, giving me the privi-
lege of ten miles of the country round while I be-
haved well and orderly. I was then conducted to a
hut, which my poor, loving comrades had built for

*Iiiterior Travels through America, p. 502.

fP. B97. Lamb was a sergeant in the Royal Welsh Fusileers.
He was taken prisoner at the surrender of Cornwallis at York-

{The description of the pen, described on page 20.S, is as fol-
lows: "A great number of trees were ordered to lie cut down in
the woods; these were sharpened at each end, and drove firmly
into the earth, very close together, enclosing a space of about
two or three acres. American sentinels wgre placed on the out-
side of this fence, at convenient distances, in order lo prevent
our getting out. At one angle a gate was erected, and on the
outside thereof stood the guard-house; two sentinels were con-
stantly posted at this gate, and no one could get out, unless he
had a pass from the officer of the guard, but this is a privilege
in which very few were indulged. Boards and nails were given
to the British in order to makethem temporary huts, to secure
them from the rain and heat of the sun."


me in their village before my arrival. Here I
remained some time, visiting mv former companions '
from hut to hut: but I ^vas astonished at the spirit
of industry which prevailed among them. Men, ,
women, and even children, were emplo}'ed making
lace, buckles, spoons, and exercising other mechan-
ical trades, which they had learned during their
captivity. They had very great liberty from the
Americans, and were allowed to go round the coun-
try and sell their goods; while the soldiers of Lord
Cornwallis's Army were closely confined in their
pen. I perceived that they had lost that animation
which ought to possess the breast of the soldier. 1
strove, by every argument, to rouse them from their
lethargy. I oifered to head any number of them,
and make a noble effort to escape into New York,
and join our comrades in arms, but all my efforts
proved ineffectual. As for my own part, I was de- [
termined to make the attempt^ I well knew from
experience that a few companions would be highly !
necessary. Accordingly I sent word of my in- 1
tention to seven men of the 23d Regiment, who
were confined in the pen, and that I was willing to !
bring them with me. I believe in all the British I
Army that these men (three sergeants and four- I
privates) could not have been excelled for courage
and intrepedity. They rejoiced at the idea, and by |
the aid of some of Burgoyne's Army they were en-
abled, under cover of a dark night, to scale their |
fence and assemble in my hut. I sent word of my i
intention to my commanding officer, Capt. Saum- j
arez of the 23"d, and likewise the names of the |
men whom I proposed to bring with me. As my [
money was almost expended, I begged of him to ad- |
vance me as much as convenient. He immediately ;
sent me a supply.

It was on the 1st of March, 1782, that I set off j
with my party."

On the 21st of November, 1782, a petition
from John Fishel. of this county, was re-
ferred to the Secretary of War, stating that
said John Fishel was inveigled into the
British service in 1771; that he was captured
with Gen. Burgoyne, and had retui'tied to his
native place; that he had married and had
now several children; he therefore prayed to
be restored to his rights as a citizen. He
produced certificates of good behavior, took
the oath of allegiance, and was again in-
vested with the rights and privileges of an
American citizen.

Armand's Legion of French troops, was
quartered at York, from January to Novem-
ber, 1783. The following petition, dated
October of that year, explains itself:

That a number of Troops (commonly called
Armand's Legion)have been quartered among Your
Petitioners about ten months ago; and that many
of said Troops are very mischivious and trouble-
some to Your Petitioners, but they contrive it so
Crafty that it is a hard matter to discover the Fact,
and have them brought to Justice, and which they
conceive would be equally dangerous. And that
Your Petitioners have been very Subtilly deceived
at first, being only required to keep them for a few
Days, but have been here ever since and no likeli-
hood of being yet removed.

And that many of Yom- Petitioners might have
had the Benefit of Letting some Apartments of
their Dwellings, was it not that some of said Troops
were Quartered therein.

And that Your Petitioners presume to be highly

injured in their Property and deprived of their
Liberty, (which they conceive to be equally entitled
to enjoy the same, as other faithful Citizens of this
Common-Wealth,) if the said Troops are not im-
mediately removed from this Place.

And that Your Petitioners would be willing to
bear the Burthen with patience, were it General
thi'oughout this Common-Wealth.

Your Petitioners therefore most earnestly solicit
Your Excellenc3' and the Honorable Council, to
lend an Ear to their excessive Burthensome Griev-
ances, and Order that the said Troops may be
Quartered in Barracks, which Your Petitioners pre-
sume would be more convenient and agreeable to
the Troops, and less Injurious to Individuals, and
would Relieve Your Petitioners of a very heavy and
disagreeable Burthen, in which they most humbly
Pray Redress.

And Your Petitioners as in duty bound. 6zc.
will pray.

But all the citizens of York borough
were not unfriendly to the men of Armand's
Legion, as the following will show:

York To^vn, Nov. 18th, 1783.

To Brigadier General Armand Marquis De Lai

Hearing that your legion is about to be dis-
banded, and that you will soon return to your native
country, we, the inhabitants of York, in Pennsyl-
vania, express to you the high sense we entertain of
the strict dicipline, good conduct and deportment |
of the officers and soldiers of your corps, whilst '
stationed amongst us for ten months past.

We return to you our hearty thanks, as well for
the service rendered to America in the field, as for
the attention you have paid to the property and
civil rights of the people. Be pleased to commu-
nicate our sentiments to Major Shaffner, and all
your worthy officers, and assure them we shall ever
hold them in the greatest esteem.

We pray that you may have an agreeable pas-
sage across the ocean, and that you may receive
from your illustrious actions, performed in support
of liberty and the honor of the allied arms, and are
with great regard your most &c. James Smith,
TUomas Hartley, Archibald M'Clean, and others.

Gen. Armand made the following reply to these
kind words :

York, Nov. 19th, 1788.
Gentlemen —

I received your polite address of the 18th, and
from its impression on my feelings, and of the offi-
cers and soldiers of the legion, I am truly happy in
giving you our united and most hearty thanks.

If the legion has observed that goodoonducl,
which merits the applause you give it, I conceive
that, in so doing, they have only discharged their
duty, and obeyed punctually the orders and inten-
tion of His Excellency, Gen. Washington, whose
exemplary virtues, talents and honor, must have
raised ambition to some merit in those, who, like
the corps I had the honor to command, placed all
their confidence in him.

Permit me to say, gentlemen, that soldiers can-
not be guilty of misconduct, where the inhabitants
are kind to them, also are attatched to the cause of
their country, and so respectable as those of York.
I think it my duty to thank you for the good be-
havior of the legion whilst amongst you, for it was.
encouraged and supported by your conduct towards

I shall only add, that although the greater part.
of us will shortly return home, the conclusion of
the war rendering our longer stay unneccessary, wo-
shall be happy again to join the army of America,.


if in future our services should be deemed of im-

I liave the honor to be with, <fcc.,

Armand, JLvbquis De La Eouerie.


The following is a list of Pensioners of the
Revolutionary war, from Glossbrenner's His-
tory :

Congress on the 18th of March, 1818,
passed " an act to provide for certain persons
engaged in the land and naval service of the
United States in the Revolutionary war. "
We will here mention those of the inhabitants
of York County, who became United States'
Pensioners under this act and its supplement,
and who were alive at the passage of the

John Schneider, served in Col. Hartley's
regiment, Capt. Grier's company, from 11th
November, 1775, until the end of one year
and three months. He afterward served in
the regiment commanded by Col. Haren, in
Capt. Turner's company, from the early part
of the year 1777, until the end of the war.
In 1818, aged sixty-seven.

Christian Pepret, served in Col. Butler's
regiment, in Capt. Bush's company from the
year 1779 until the close of the war. In
1818, aged sixty- seven.

John Jacob Bauer, served in the First
Pennsylvania regiment commanded by Col.
Chambers, in Capt. James Wilson's company,
from September, 1774, until the close of the
war. In 1818, aged seventy-three.

John Deis, served in Capt. David Grier's
company, in the regiment commanded by
Col. Hartley, from March, 1776, until the
end of one year. In 1818, aged sixty-two.

George Lingenfelder, served in Capt.
Michael McGuire' s company, in Col. Brooks'
regiment, of Maryland, from June, 1780,
until the close of the war. At the battle of
Brandywine he was severely wounded. In
1818, aged fifty-nine.

David Ramsey, served in the First Rifle
Regiment, under Col. Edward Hand, the
company under Capt. Henry Miller, from 1st
of July, 1775, until July, 1776. Being then
discharged, he joined Col. Manniim's regi-
ment, and was in service until taken prisoner
at the battle of Brandywine. Besides this
battle he was present and took part in those
of Bunker Hill, Long Island, and at Flat
Bush, at one of which he was wounded in
the head. In 1818, aged sixty-nine.

Humphrey Andrews, enlisted in Chester
County, Pennsylvania, on 26th January,
1776, for the term of one year, in the com-
pany then commanded by Capt. James

Taylor, in the Fourth Pennsylvania Regi-
ment, commanded by Col. Anthony Wayne.
From Chester County he marched by the
way of New York, Albany, Ticonderoga and
Crown Point, to Montreal, at which place
they met the troops under Gen. Thompson
who were returning from the battle at the
Three Rivers. He thence returned, with
his fellow soldiers, to Crown Point, where
he remained until the 24th of January, 1777,
stationed between the two armies of Burgoyne
and Howe. Marching to old Chester, in
Pennsylvania, he was discharged on the 25th
of Feljruary, 1777. Andrews was engaged
in a skirmish with the British in November,

1776. In 1818, aged sixty-three.

Jacob Mayer, enlisted in York County,
served in Col. Wagner's regiment, in the
company commanded by Capt. James Taylor,
from February 1776, to the end of one year,
when he was discharged at C Lester. In
1828, aged sixty-seven.

Robert Ditcher, enlisted in the spring of

1777, in Capt. James Lee's company of ar-
tillery then in Philadelphia, attached to the
regiment commanded by Col. Laub. He
was present and took part in the battles of
White Plains, Staten Island, Monmouth,
Mud Island and Germantown, and was
several times wounded. In 1818, aged tifty-

John Taylor, enlisted in February, 1^78,
at Mount Holly, in New Jersey, in the com-
pany of Capt. John Cummings, and in the
Second Regiment of the New Jersey line
attached to the brigade commanded by Gen.
Maxwell ; and he continued in service until
October, 1783, when he was discharged near
Morristown in that State. He was at the
battle of Monmouth, and at the capture of
Cornwallis at Yorktown ; he likewise served
as a volunteer at the storming of Stony Point,
by Gen. Wayne, at which he was slightly
wounded. In 1818, aged seventy-one.

Dedlove Shadow, served from the spring
of 1776 until the close of the war, in Con-
gress Regiment commanded by Col. Moses
Hazen, in the company commanned by Capt.
Duncan. In 1818, aged sixty-two.

James Hogg, served from 26th Jaimary,
1779, in the First Regiment of the Maryland
line, commanded at first by Col. SmaJlwood,
and afterward by Col. Stone. His company
was at first that of Capt. Nathaniel Ramsay,
and afterward that of Capt. Hazen. In 1818,
aged sixty-three.

Michael Schultze, served in Ccl. Hartley's
regiment and in Capt. Grier's company fi'om
January, 1776, for the term of one year. In
1818, aged sixty-one.


Mathias Kraut, served in the Tenth Eegi-
ment of the Pennsylvania line, commanded
by Capt. Stout, from the year 177(j until
the close of the war. In iSlS, aged fifty-

Thomas Randolph, served in the Seventh
Eegiment of the Virginia line commanded
by Col. McLellan, in the company command-
ed by Capt. Peasey, from the year 1775 antil
]778. In ISIS, aged seventy-one. "The
Soldiers' Friend" thus describes this old. old
pensioner in 1818: Thomas Randolph — better
known here as old Tommy Randall, the
standing bugbear of children and likely to
rival the most celebrated " Boog-a-boos " of
any past age. We sincerely hope his sooty
note of ' sweep O — sweep O ' will soon be
exchanged for more cheerful ones. Indeed
he has scarcely a note of any kind left, as he
is now a tenant of the poor house, having
been some time ago gathered to that pro-
miscuous congregation of fatherless, mother-
less, sisterless, brotherless, houseless and
friendless beings, each of whom is little less
than civiliter mortuus.

Samuel Ramble, served in the First Regi-
ment of the Virginia line, under Col. Camp-
bell, in the company commanded by Capt.
Moss, dui-ing the three last years of the war.
In 1818, aged sixty.

Frederick Boyer, served in the detachment
under Col. Almon from 1777 until 1779,
when he enlisted in a corps of cavalry under
Capt. Selincki, and under the command of
Gen. Pulaski ; he served in the corps until
nearly the whole of it was destroyed. In
ISIS, aged sixty-seven.

Henry Doll, served in the First Regiment
of the Pennsylvania line under Col. Stewart,
and in the company under Capt. Shade, for
about one year. In 18 IS, aged seventy -

•Tohn Lockert, served in Col. Proctor's
Regiment of Ai-tillery in the Pennsylvania
line, in the company of Cajat. Duffie from
June, 1777, until June, 1779. In 1818, aged

Thomas Bui'ke, served in the Tenth Regi-
ment of the Pennsylvania line commanded
by Lieut. Col. Hazen, from June, 1778, until
1781. In 1818, aged fifty-eight.

Jacob Kramer, served in the regiment com-
manded by Capt. Hausecker, and afterward
by Col. Weltman, in the company commanded
by Capt. Paulsell and afterward by Capt.
Boyer. The term of his service was from
19th July, 1776, until 19th July, 1779. In
1818, aged sixty-two.

Joseph Wren, served in the Seventh Eegi-
ment of the Pennsylvania line, in the com-

pany of Capt. Wilson, from January, 1777,
until the close of the war. In' 1818, aged
eighty. Joseph Wren made his original
application for a pension through Samuel
Bacon, formerly an attorney of York. Mr.
Bacon thus writes concerning the old soldier
in 1818:

" Joseph Wren. — This old man's body and

j spirit seem to be equally light. He can
travel his thirty miles a day with ease. His
appearance reminds you of the Egyptian
Mummies so celebrated for their fresh and
lifelike appearance after the lapse of cen-
turies. During the deluge (not Noah's
flood, nor yet Ducalion's, as you might have
supposed from his ancient date, but the
deluge which buried a third part of our town
in ruins, on the ever memorable 9th of Aug-
ust, 1817,) old Wren, like the lively little
bird of his own name, perched himself in a

i snug corner of the garret of a two-story

' house, and went to sleep. The house rose ou
the bosom of the deep, plunged all but the
garret into the waves, and was dashed from
surge to surge till it lodged against a tree.

' Five persons were drowned; side by side they
lay in a room of the second story of the house.
Joseph slept on.

" At length when the God of nature held out
the olive branch of hope to the terror-struck
tenants of the roofs of the tottering houses,
and the flood subsided so that ' the dry land
appeared '- — when the mighty ocean that had
been as it were created in a moment and
precipitated upon us, gathered itself into the
mild and unassuming Codorus again, Joseph's
abode of death, when youth and health, and
female excellence and manly virtue, had been
buried in the waves, was visited, — and still he
slept. When he awakened he rubbed his
eyes, not certain they were his own, or
whether he was Joseph Wren any more; for
he knew not where he was, unless it might be
in some place on the other side of the grave.
Thus, indeed, has Joseph Wren had hair-
breadth escapes, in the forest wild and city
full, and is spared to be made glad by some-
thing very unlike the ingratitude of repub-

j Conrad Pudding served in Armand's
legion, in Capt. Sheriff's company from the
spring of 1781, until the fall of 1783, when
the army was disbanded. In 1818, aged

I Michael Warner served in Capt. Jacob
Bower's company of the Pennsylvania line

' from October, 1781, until October, 1783. In
1818, aged fifty-nine.

John Devinney served in the Fourth Regi-
ment commanded by Col. Anthony Wayne, in


Capt. Thomas Robinson's company from the
fall of 1775 nntil the close of one year, at
which time he entered in the Fifth Rep;iment,
in Capt. Bartholemew's company in which he
continued to serve until the close of the war.
In 1818, aged sixty-two.

William Brown enlisted at Philadelphia in
the autumn of 1777 for the term of three
years, in the company commanded by Capt.
John Doyle and the First Regiment of the
Pennsylvania line commanded by Col. Hand.
He was at the battle of Brandywine, at the
taking of the Hessians at Trenton, and at the
battles of Princeton, Monmouth, Stony Point
and Paoli, at the last of which he received
several wounds. Having continued to serve
six years, he was discharged at Lancaster.
In 1818, aged seventy -three.

John Beaty served in the Sixth Pennsyl-
vania Regiment commanded by Col. Irwin, in
the corapany of Abraham Smith from Febru-
ary, 1776, until February, 1777. In 1818,
aged sixty-three.

John Ohmet served in the Tenth Regiment
of the Pennsylvania line, commanded by
Col. Richard Hampton, in the company of
Capt. Hicks, from May, 1777, until the close
of the war. In 1818, aged sixty.

•Jacob McLean served in Col. Hausecker's
regiment called the "German Regiment,"
in the company of Capt. Benjamin Weiser,
from July, 1776, until the year 1779. In
1818, aged sixty.

Frederick Huebner, served in Gen. Ar-
mand's legion, in the company of Capt.
Barron for the term of about three years.
In 1818, aged sixty-four.

Adam Schuhman, served in the Fifth Penn-
sylvania Regiment commanded by Col.
Richard Butler in Capt. Walker's company
commanded by Lieut. Feldam, from the
spring of 1776 iintil the close of the war.
In 1818, aged sixty-six.

Joel Gray, served in Col. Hartley's regi-
ment of the Pennsylvania line, in the
company of Capt. Bush, from October, 17(8,
until the 1st of April, 1781. In 1818, aged
seventy-tive. Poor Joel was a client of Mr.
Bacon, who thus writes of him in 1818: j
"Joel Gray — He may indeed be addressed j
in the style of the old ballad, and they may |
make the same response.

O why do you shiver and shake Gaffer Gray?
And why does your nose look so blue?
" I am grown very old,

And the weather 'tis cold,
And my doublet is not very new."

This old man, in 1818, says: " I have one
chest worth about a dollar. I have no trade
or any business whatsoever. I have no

children or friends to give me any kind of
assistance. My pension and the poor-house
are all I have to depend upon."

Michael Weirich, served in the Sixth Regi-
ment of the Maryland line under Col. Will-
iams and Col. Stewart, and in the company
of Capt. Rebelle, during the last five years
of the war. In 1818, aged sixty-four.

Zenos Macomber, served in Col. Carter's
regiment from May, 1775, until January,
1776, when he enlisted in Col. Bond's regi-
ment of the Massachusetts line. Baving
served in this regiment about two months, he
was removed and placed in Gen. Washing-
ton's foot guard. Here he continued until

Online LibraryJohn GibsonHistory of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present → online text (page 34 of 218)