John Gibson.

History of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present online

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the last survivor of this band of brave men.
Col. Thomas A. Ziegle was one. The others
were Albertns Welsh, Daniel Craver, Will-
iam Patterson, Robert Patterson and Samuel

«Capt. Michael H. Spangler died on Sunday, the 7th of Sep-
tember, 1334, and was attended to his grave on the following
Tuesday by a vast concourse of mourning relatives and friends,
by the officers of the Ninety-fourth Eegiment, Pennsylvania
Militia, by the survivors of the " York Volunteers," and by the
following volunteer companies of the borough : the Washington
Artillerists, commanded by Capt. Jacob Upp, Jr.; the Pennsyl-
vania Volunteers, commanded by Capt. John Evans ; the Citi-
zen Guards, commanded by Capt. Samuel Hay ; the National
Greys, commanded by Capt, Alexander H. Barnitz ; the York
Rangers, commanded by Capt. Samuel E. Clement.

tXH Archives, 2d S., p. 785-6.

Stair. Weirich Pentz was in the 4th Ohio,
Colonel Brough and David Hays were in one
of the Ohio Regiments.

Edward Haviland was a member of the
Philadelphia Grays, Captain Scott, attached
to the First Pennsylvania volunteers. Col.
Albert C. Ramsay, a resident lawyer of some
distinction, commanded a regiment, in which
were some men from York County; it was the
Eleventh Regiment of the line. George John-
son, a soldier from York in that regiment
was killed at the battle of Molino del Rey.
Theodore D. Cochran was a captain of volti-
geurs attached to the same regiment.

There were officers of the regular army
from York in the Mexican war. Maj, Gran-
ville O. Haller was captain of tlie Fourth
infantry. William B. Franklin, a graduate
of West Point, of 1843, was first lieutenant
of topographical engineers. H. G. Gibson,
a graduate of 1847, was second lieutenant of
the Third artillery. The officers of the navy
from York who served in that war, were
George P. Welsh, Samuel R. Franklin and
William Gibson. The Mexican war ended
in 1S4S. It added to the Union immense
tracts of territory and rich States, the golden
land of California and the silver mines of
Nevada, and opened for us that great transit
across the continent to the Pacilic, with still
more momentous political results to the gov-
ernment and nation.


THE news of the firing upon Fort Sumter,
which occun-ed on the 12th of Ajsril,
1861, followed by the proclamation of Presi-
dent Lincoln on the 15th, calling for 75.000
troops, aroused the patriotism of our people.
Gov. Curtin made a requisition upon the
organized companies of Pennsylvania, and
the citizen soldiers of York, consisting of
the Worth Infantry, Captain Thomas A.
Ziegle, and the York (Penn.) RiHes, Capt.
George Hay, responded unanimously to the
call, and obeyed with alacrity the order of
the governor.

On the evening of Thursday, the ISth, in
pursuance of a general call, the people of
York assembled m great numbers in the coiu-t
house, for the purpose of expressing their
sense of the condition of the national gov-

«This narrative of the events of the late war is from the edi-
tor's " Historical Sketch," prepared in 1876, and published by 0.
Stuck & Son.


ernment, and to offer aid to those called into
the service. John Evans, Esq., was called to
the chair, and other prominent citizens were
made ofBcers of the meeting. Patriotic reso-
lutions were adopted, and measures taken to
provide means for the support of the families
of volunteers. The borough authorities
appropriated $1,000 for this purpose, the
commissioners were recommended to make
an appropriation of $5,000, and committees
were appointed to collect money by voluntary
subscription from our citizens, and over
12.000 were contributed. The union feeling
in York was intensely strong. Flags were
suspended from the principal buildings,
l^laces of business and private residences,
and poles were erected from which the stars
and stripes floated proudly to the breeze.
The ancient borough of York was not behind
any of her neighbors in patriotism and zeal.
Events thickened and aroused intense
feeling. The Sixth Massachusetts Regi-
ment while passing through Baltimore, on
the I9th, was attacked by a mob, and the
passage of some of the cars obstructed. The
soldiers who were obliged to form for the
purpose of marching through the city, being
assaulted with increased violence, fired upon
the crowd. Two of the Massachusetts sol-
diers were killed and seven persons in the
crowd, some rioters and some who were look-
ing on. On that night a portion of the track
of the Northern Central Railway was torn
up between Cockeysville and Baltimore, and
a number of the bridges on the road were set
on fire and burned down for the purpose of
impeding the passage of troops from the

The military companies from this place
received orders on Saturday evening, the
"iOth, to hold themselves in readiness to
march, and at 11 o'clock at night they left
in a special train, going toward Baltimore,
and were stationed in squads at the several
bridges along the route of the road, and some
at Cockeysville. Ten or twelve trains with
troops passed through York on Sunday, from
early in the morning until late at night, pro-
ceeding as far as Ashland and Cockeysville,
concentrating some 3,000 men at those points.
But on Monday these several regiments
returned to York, and encamped on the fair

A.t the meeting of the court on Monday,
the 22d, the president judge, Hon. Robert J.
Fisher, in charging the grand jury, referred
to the distracted state of the country, and
urged upon them the necessity of providing
for the comfort and support of those who had
so promptly obeyed their country's call. He

stated that the citizens of York had sub-
scribed several thousand dollars, and that the
borough authorities had appropriated .^1,000,
and recommended the grand jury to request
the commissioners to make a liberal appro-
priation for the same purpose out of the
county funds, and said that he had no doubt
the appropriation would be legalized by the
Legislature. Several members of the bar
also addressed the grand jury. The scene
was a very impressive one. The grand jury
the next day recommended that the commis-
sioners appropriate $10,000, which was
promptly done. Hanover and Wrightsville
made liberal appropriations, making about
$15,000 in all. The Legislature subsequently
ratified these proceedings.

The troops which had passed through York
to Cockeysville on Saturday and Sunday, were
the First, Second and Third Regiments
of Pennsylvania Volunteers, for the three
months' service, composed of organized com-
panies from nearly all the cities and princi-
pal towns in the State, the military compa-
nies of Easton, Allentown, Reading, Harris-
burg, Lancaster, Chambersburg, Gettsyburg,
Columbia, Bloomtield, West Chester, Belle-
fonte, Hollidaysburg, Altoona, Johnstown,
East Liberty, and other places — some unat-
tached — together with our own military com-
panies who were as early as any of them in
the field. They came from comfortable homes
and were unaccustomed to exposiwe and hard-
ship. The commissary arrangements were
not sufficient for so large a body of men sud-
denly thrown together, and they depended to
some extent on voluntary supiJJies from our
own people.

The hospitality of the citizens_^of York, on
this occasion, extended to these new recruits,
has frequently been mentioned by them in
complimentary terms. The encampment here
was for the purpose of instruction, and was
called Camp Scott, in honor of the veteran
commander-in-chief of the Qnited States
Army. The town assumed a Warlike appear-
ance. Other troops came on the 26th of
April, the Twelfth and Thirteenth Regiments
from Pittsburgh arrived, and by the 7th of
May there were 5,500 men in camp here. In
addition to these was Capt. Campbell's bat-
tery of twelve pieces of artillery. The Sec-
ond Regiment, Col. Stumbaugh, of Cham-
bersburg, had been organized on the 21st of
April. The York Rilles, George Hay, cap
tain, John W. Schall", first lieutenant, and
Jacob Emmitt. Jr., second lieutenant, were
attached to it here as company K.

The material of which the Sixteenth Regi
meat was formed, was also encamped on the


fair grounds. Five compaDies were from
Schuylkill county, one from Mechanicsburg,
Capt. Dorsheimer's, the first company in the
State that enlisted for three years, and four
companies from York County. These were
Company A (Worth Infantry), captain, John
Hays ; first lieutentant, Solomon Myers ;
second lieutenant, John M. Deitch. Com-
pany 1' (Marion Kifles of Hanover), captain,
Horatio Gates Myers ; first lieutenant, Joseph
Kenaut ; second lieutenant, Jacob "W. Ben-
der. Company G (Hanover Infantry), cap-
tain, Cyrus Diller ; first lieutenant, Henry
Momingstar ; second lieutenant, Joseph S.
Jenkins. Company H (York Voltiguers),
captain, Theodore D. Cochran ; first lieuten-
ant, Michael Gallagher ; second lieutenant,
Andrew D. Yocum. The regiment was or-
ganized at Camp Curtin on the 3d of May,
by the selection of Thomas A. Ziegle as col-
onel. A. H. Glatz was made quartermaster,
and Charles Garretson, assistant quartermas-

The regiments here were all ordered to
Chambersburg and left about the 1st of June,
with every demonstration of encouragement,
amid cheers and waving of handkerchiefs —
the Rifles leaving with their regiment ; but
the Sixteenth remained for a few days.
This regiment had already acquired great
proficiency of drill under the care of its
accomplished commander. On Satmday, the
8th of June, it marched into town to take its
departure for the seat of yvar. In the morn-
ing a flag was presented to the regiment by
the ladies of York. A perfect storm of flow-
ers fell upon the soldiers as they marched
through the streets, every one had a bouquet
in his musket.

The Sixteenth was in the brigade of Col.
Miles, U. S. A., First Division, and the Sec-
ond legiment was in a brigade of the Second
Division of the army of Gen. Patterson in
the campaign of the valley of the Shenandoah.
They moved from Chambersburg to Hagers-
town and Williamsport. At the latter place
Albertus Welsh died on the 27th of June,
the first soldier from York who died in the
war. He was a member of the Worth
Infantry, and as already mentioned was one
of the nine veterans from here in the war
with Mexico. The Potomac was crossed on
the 2d of July by fording it, and an ad-
vance made to Martinsburg, ai-riving about
the middle of July at Bunker Hill, driving in_
Johnston's advance guard. The regiment
then made a forced march toward Harper's
Ferry, the enemy's pickets retreating before
them, and encamped at Charlestown, on the
17th of June. They were constantly threat-

ened with attack, but no action took place.
AVhen their term of service expired the Sec-
ond and Sixteenth Regiments returned to
Harrisburg and were mustered out. The
Worth Infantry and York Rifles arrived home
on the 27th of July, where they were wel-
comed by the ringing of bells, tiring of can-
non, speeches and a banquet. The Volti-
geurs arrived home on the 2d of August,
their commander, T. D. Cochran, was subse-
quently appointed a captain in the regular
army. Capt. H. G. Myers, of the Marion
Rifles, had been left ill at Hagerstown, where
he died on the Sth of August. Thomas
Brannon, a member of his company, died at
the same place, on the 17th of July.

Thus ended the camiDaign of the three
mouths" men. Though our soldiers were not
engaged in battle, and we were glad to see
them home safe and sound, events showed
that they might have been. The demonstra-
tions of Johnston in the neighborhood of
Haiper's Ferry were only feints, as was
proved by his opportune arrival on the battle
field of Bull Run, on Sunday, the 21st of
July. Instead of the army of Gen. Patterson
engaging him and preventing him from rein-
forcing Beauregard, he was permitted to
retire with all the appearance of a retreat.
The great embarrassment under which Gen.
Patterson labored, and perhaps an altogether
sufficient excuse for him, is found in the fact
of the expiration of the term of enlistment of
so many of his men just at the time of that
battle, which after all, some have considered
a Providential reverse.

There had already been a call on the part
of the Government for men to serve for three
years unless sooner discharged. The Thir-
tieth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers
otherwise known as the First Regiment of
the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps, organized
en June 9, 1861, at Camp Wayne, Ches-
ter County, was represented by Company
D, recruited in Lancaster and York Counties.
The Forty-first regiment, the Twelfth Re-
serves, was first raised for the three months'
service. Samuel N. Bailey, of York County,
was made lieutenant-colonel. Company G.,
Capt. Charles W. Diven, afterward major,
was recruited in York County. To enumer-
ate the battles of this renowned corps would
be to relate the greater part of the history of
the war. It is suificient to say that York
County had men in the Pennsylvania Re-

The Forty-third Regiment, known as the
First Pennsylvania Artillery, was formed
under the call for volunteers of April 13,
1861. One company was recruited in York



by Alfred E. Lewis, who at the organization
of the regiment was made senior major. I
The colonel was Charles T. Campbell, who,
it will be remembered, was here with a bat- i
tery during the encampment of troops on the
fair grounds. He had enlisted twenty or
more men here who were attached to battery
A, commanded by Capt. Easton, which per- j
formed gallant service at Drainesville, and
Gaines" Mill, where Capt. Easton was killed. |
The other company recruited here became
Battery E, Capt. Thomas G. Orwig, and
served in the Peninsular Campaign, under
McClellan, and in the army of the James,
rendering valuable service at Drury's Bluff I
and Fort Harrison, and at the siege of Peters- j
burg and Richmond. It was the first battery
that entered the capital, reaching there
before the enemy' s Hag was pulled down, and
hastening the retreat of his rear guard, who
had intended to tire the city.

Two companies of infantry for three years'
service were recruited in York County early in
1861 — one in York by H. Clay Mclntyre, and
the other in Hanover by Cyrus Diller, immedi-
ately after his return from the three months' '
service. These companies were attached to
the Seventy-sixth Regiment, which was raised
under a special order of ihe secretary of war,
and was known as the Keystone Zouaves,
John M. Power, of Cambria County, colonel.
Charles Garettson, of York, was made quar- i
termaster, who, while serving with it, was
appointed a captain in the regular army.
The captains of Company D were successively
Cyrus Diller (afterward major), William S. j
Diller and Charles L. Bittenger; of Com- ;
pany I, H. Clay Mclntyre, Jacob J. Young,
Frank J. Magee and Harrison Stair.

On the 18th of November, 1861, the reg- ;
iment received its colors from the hands of
Gov. Curtin, and proceeded to Fortress Mon-
roe, sailed from there to Hilton Head; as-
sisted in taking Fort Pulaski at the mouth j
of the Savannah River; participated in the
attack on Charleston under Gen. Wright, and
engaged the enemy with heavy loss in an
expedition to sever communication between ;
Charleston and Savannah. On the 6th of
July, 186y, it moved to Morris Island, and
on the 10th it took part in the memorable
assault on Fort Wagner, which it charged in
gallant style. They received the order to
charge as the flash of the artillery fire was
seen, knfelt and permitted the discharge of '
the guns to pass over them, then started for- ;
ward with a yell. The ranks were thinned i
at every discharge. The moat was reached I
and crossed, and many fell on the parapet
beyond; 130 men and five officers were left !

behind. A second assault took place on the
18th of July, with a similar result. Frank
J. Magee acted as aid to Gen. Strong in the
engagement. Company I went in with thir-
ty six men and but twelve escaped. Twelve
regiments were afterward ordered to take the
fort by storm, but were repulsed with great
loss. Fort Wagner was a heavy sand fort,
bomb proof, covering several acres. It was
ultimately demolished after a fierce cannon-
ading of fifty days' duration, when it was
discovered that it had been abandoned by the

In May, 1864, the Tenth Corps, to which
the Seventy-sixth was attached, was ordered
to Virginia. The regiment took part in the
battle at Drury's Bluft", where Capt. J. J.
Young, of Company I, was killed, also in the
sanguinary engagements at Cold Harbor,
Deep Bottom, and numerous other localities
on lines before Petersburg and Richmond.
Capt. Magee served as aid-de-camp on staff
of Gen. Terry, commanding corps; also was
for a time with Gen. Ames. The Seventy-
sixth, under command of Gen. Penny -
packer, assisted in the capture of Fort Fisher,
in January, 1865. It was disbanded at Har-
risburg, July 23, 1865, after one of the long-
est terms of service iu the war.

After the departure of the regiments quar-
tered here, a company was organi/ied by
Capt. James A. Stahle, called the Ellsworth
Zouaves, after the brave but ill-fated ofiicer
of that name. This company became Com-
pany A, of the Eighty-seventh Regiment.
Capt. George Hay immediately after the re-
turn of the Rifles on the 19th of August,
1861, received a commission as colonel. The
project originally was the raising of a regi-
ment for the purpose of guarding the North-
ern Central Railway, in relief of other reg-
iments recruited for the war. By the 12th
of September there were five companies mus-
tered in. John W. Sehall was made lieuten-
ant-colonel, and Charles H. Buehler, major.
Eight of the companies were from York
County and two from Adams. The officers
commanding this regiment successively were
colonels, George Hay, John W. Sehall and
James Tearney; lieutenant-colonel, James A.
Stahle; major. Noah G. Ruhl; adjutant, Ja-
cob Emmitt, Jr. Company A, captains, John
Fahs, James Tearney, George J. Chalfant.
Company B, captains, Jacob Detweiler, Lewis
Maish, Zeph. E. Hersh. Companv C, An-
drew J. Fulton, Murray S. Cross, Findlay S.
Thomas. Company D, James H. Blasser,
Edgar M. Ruhl. Company E, Solomon
Mj'ers, Charles J. Fox. Company F. William
J. Martin, James Adair. Company G, V. C.


S. Eckert. H. Morningstar. Company I,
Thaddeus S. Pfeiffer, William H. Lanius.
Company H, Ross L. Harman, Weils A. Far-
rah. Company K, John Albright.

The first duty assigned them was the guard-
ing of the railroad, relieving the Twentieth
Indiana. On the 28th of May, 1862, the
reo-iment was moved to Baltimore, and thence
to West Virginia, and was kept actively em-
ployed and moving from point to point, un-
der great fatigue and exposure, until it went
into winter quarters with Gen. Milroy's Divi-
sion at Winchester, about the 1st of January,
1863. Here they performed picket diity dur-
ing the winter under very severe exposiire.

In May, 1863, by the resignation of Col.
Hay, John W. Schall became Colonel. James
A. Stable, Lieutenant-Colonel, and Xoah Ct.
Ruhl, Major. Maj. Buehler was made
Colonel of the One Hundred and Sixty-sixth.

If the army of Gen. Patterson in 1S61
oucht to have engaged the enemy, it may be
said that the command of Gen. Milroy, in
1863, ought not to have hazarded an engage-
ment. He was over sanguine of holding his
position, and by the consent of Gen. Schenck,
disobeyed an order to retreat. The advance
of Gen. Lee's forces for the invasion of the
North, flushed with success, could not be
checked by his comparatively small force,

June 12, 1863, the first of a series of
battles was fought by the Eighty-seventh,
at Middletown, ten miles distant from
Winchester, with the advance guard of
Ewell's army, and on the 13th and 14th they
behaved with great gallantry in the battle of
Winchester. On the 14th a brilliant charge
was made by it at Carter's woods, in which
Col. Schall had a horse shot under him.
Capt. Farrah and Lieut. Slothower, of Com-
pany H, were killed. The regiment joined
the Army of the Potomac in July, 1863, and
was attached to the Third Corps, Gen. French,
and was in the battles of Mauasses Gap,
Bealton Station, Kelley's Ford. Brandy Sta-
tion, Locust Grove, and Mine Run.

Afterward assigned to the Sixth Corps,
Gen. Hancock, it was in the battles of the
Wilderness, and at Cold Harbor where Col.
Schall was wounded and Capt. Pfeiffer was
killed, and the regiment sustained a loss in
killed and wounded of nearly a third of its

On the 6th of July, the battle of Monocacy
was fought against superior numbers, the loss
of the regiment being greater than in any
other battle. Among those who lost their
lives at this battle were Adjt. Martin and
Lieuts. Haak, Dietrich, Spangler and Walte-
meyer. In September the regiment was with

the army of Sheridan at the battle of Ope-
quon, where the enemy were defeated, and
on the 22d at Fisher's Hill, where he was
again routed. The next day the term of serv-
ice expired, and the remnant of the regi-
ment returned home, arriving at York on the
27th of September, 1864, where a reception
was awaiting them — their arrival announced
by the ringing of bells. The old flag which
they bore through all their battles was carried
in the procession torn in shreds. Few regi-
ments saw more active service and work or
suffered more.

The veterans who had re-enlisted, and the
new recruits who remained at the seat of war,
were consolidated into a battalion of five
companies, under command of Capt. Edgar
M. Ruhl, who was killed while gallantly
leading them in the battle of Cedar Creek,
October 19, 1864. The regiment being re-
cruited to its full strength, Capt. Tearney-
was commissioned colonel, and it participated
in the charge upon the works before Peters-
burg, where Lieuts. Keasey and Nichol were
killed. It was mustered out on the 29th of
June, 1865.

After his return from the three months'
service, Col. Thomas A, Ziegle received au-
thority to recruit a regiment. One of the
most experienced and accomplished volun-
teer officers in the service, he assisted in
the organization of troops at Harrisburg,
and March 5, 1862, was given the com-
mand of the One Hundred and Seventh.
Company A, Capt. Jacob Dorsheimer, had
volunteers from York County — Oliver P.
Stair, first lieutenant, George C. Stair,
second lieutenant. On Sunday, the 9th
of March, the regiment passed 'through
York, for the seat of war, moved to Wash-
ington, and on the 2d of April crossed the
Potomac, and was assigned to Duryea's
brigade, Ord's division, of McDowell's
corps. After the defeat of Fremont and
Banks by Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley,
the regiment reached Front Royal by forced
march, on the 1st of June, where Jackson had
retreated. The regiment encamped at differ-
ent places, and while near Warrenton, on the
morning of the 16th of Jiily. Col. Ziegle
died. The whole regiment were devotedly
attached to him, and he was regarded as one
of the most efficient officers in the brigade.
He had been identified with the military of
York for so many years, that his career was
regarded with expectations of unusual suc-
cess. He has already been mentioned as one
of the volunteers in the Mexican war from
York, where he had displayed remarkable
coolness and bravery, and became captain of


his company. Immediately after that war he
raised the military company known as the
Worth Infantry, whose discipline and drill
were not excelled by any corps in the Union.
The Worth Infantry was the equal in their
peculiar drill of the gallant Ellsworth's com-
pany of Zouaves. His readiness and that of
his company on the breaking out of the war
for the Union, their services, the organization
of the Sixteenth Regiment and its service
have already been mentioned. His remains
were brought home and were interred with
impressive obsequies in Prospect Hill Ceme-
tery, on July 20, 1862.

The One Hundred and Seventh Regiment
became part of the army under Gen. Pope,
and was first under fire at Cedar Mountain
on the 9th of August, 1862, and was in the
second battle of Bull Run, and at Chantilly,
South Mountain and Antietam. In October,
1862, it took position in Gen. Franklin's
grand division, and was at Fredericksburg
and Chancellorsville. It was in the First
Corps, Gen. Reynolds, at Gettysburg, en-
gaged the first day on Seminary Ridge, and

Online LibraryJohn GibsonHistory of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present → online text (page 36 of 218)