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History of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present online

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they had endeavored to raise all the force they
could to resist his entering the town, but having
failed to do so, all that they asked if he did enter,
was that the persons and property of citizens should
be safe, that the rebel General gave them every
assurance of the protection they asked in case the
town should be occupied bj' his forces, and further
that there was nothing said bj' either party about
a surrender of the town. At ten o'clock on Sunday
morning, the 28th of June, the rebels in large force
entered and occupied the town. The flag flying in
Centre Square was ordered to be taken down by the
enemy and was carried away by him.

The Committee of Safety having discharged the
duties imposed upon them to the best of their
judgment respectfully submit the above report of
their action to their fellow citizens.

Geoege Hat.
John Gibson,
■ Fredekick Stallm.\x,
Wm. H. Albright,
Gates J. Weiser,
David E. Small,
E. H. Weiser,
Thomas WnitE.
Jacob D. Sc^ll,
W. Latimer Small,
D. A. Stillinger,
George A. Barnitz,
Frederick Baufher,
Lewis Carl,
Joseph Smyser.


At Hanover, the first battle of the war in
Pensylvania, was fought on Tuesday, June
30, 1863, an artillery and cavalry light
which lasted the greater part of the day.
The cannonading was distinctly heard in
York. The third division of the cavalry
corps, of the Army of the Potomac, under
Gen. Kilpatrick, one of the brigades of which
was commanded by Gen. Cnster, reached Lit-
tlestown on the 29th, and Hanover on the



30tli, in pursuit of Gen. Stuart, who was
known to be moving tlirough Pennsylvania.
The Eighteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry was of
the rear guard of Kilpatrick's column, and
while halting in the streets of Hanover, was
suddenly attacked by the head of Stuart's
column. The Eighteenth was at first driven
through the town, but rallying with the Fifth
New York, drove the enemy back, when his
artillery opened fire. The roar of guns
brought Kilpatrick to the rescae. He formed
his line of battle on the hills south of Han-
over, and the enemy held the heights to the
north, the Eighteenth Pennsylvania occupy-
ing the town and barricading the streets.
The fight, with artillery firing and skirmish-
ing, continued until dark, when the enemy
retired. A large body of them came as far
as Dover, and about 230 prisoners were
paroled there. Thirteen Union men were
killed and foiu'teen wounded, four rebels
killed and nine wounded, Stuart was pre-
vented by this engagement from joining Lee
until after the battle of Gettysburg, and his
absence was greatly deplored by the Confed-
erate leader.

Among the most renowned and efifective
branches of the service were the cavalry reg-
iments. The Eleventh Cavalry (One Hun-
dred and Eighth PennsylvaniaVolunteers) was
organized at the commencement of the war.
It received recruits here who were attached
to Company I, Capt. AYilliam I. Keisinger
and Daniel H. Shriver, lieutenant. This reg-
iment was employed in continuous and ardu-
ous cavalry service for four years, with the
Army of the Potomac and with Sheridan. In
one of its raids Lieut. Shriver was killed, at
Flat Creek Bridge, on Febraary 14, 1864

During the months of June and July, 1863,
the Twenty-first Cavalry, (One Hundred and
Eighty-second PennsylvaniaVolunteers) was
recruited, under a call for cavalry for six
months' service, during which it was on
scouting duty in the Shenandoah Valley.
Company A, Capt. Hugh W. McCall, Lieuts.
S. Nelson Kilgore and Samuel N. Manifold,
was raised principally in the lower end of
York County. In January, 1864, it was re-
organized for three years' service. This reg-
iment was engaged at Cold Harbor, on the
1st, 2nd and 3d of June, and in the as-
sault on Petersburg, on the 18th. Again, at '
Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad, at
Poplar Spring Chiych, where it was compli- \
mented for its gallantry by Gen. Griffin, and
at Hatcher's Run. Afterward it was in other '•
engagements, and, in the final assault upon
the defences of Petersbui'g, had the honor of 1
making the first charge in the campaign,

near Dinwiddle Com-t House, and had other
fighting up to the surrender near Appomat-
tox Court House. It was mustered out on
July 8, 1865.

Just previous to the invasion of Pennsyl-
vania, in June, 1863, a company was formed
in York, which was united with a body of
troops, known as the First Battalion, and
placed on guard and provost duty. In March,
1864. it became Company B, of the One
Hundred and Eighty-seventh Pennsylvania
Volunteers, then organized for three years'
service: David Z. Seipe, captain, afterward
major; Samuel I. Adams, first-lieutenant, af-
terward captain; Matthew H. McCall, first-
lieutenant and quartermaster of the regiment;
Jonathan J. Jessop, "William W. Torbert,
Samuel C. Ilgenfritz, second lieutenants. In
May, 1864, the regiment was ordered to the
front to join the Army of the Potomac and
assigned to the Fifth corps, arriving in time
to participate in the battle of Cold Harbor.
It suffered severely at Petersburg, on the 18th
of June; Maj. Merrick, commanding the reg-
iment, and Lieut. Jessop, each lost a leg,
while leading their men to the charge. For
its gallant conduct the regiment received the
commendation of Gen. Chamberlain, com-
manding the corps. It was again engaged at
"Weldon Railroad, on the 18th of August.
In September, it was moved from the front
and placed on duty at Philadelphia, where
it acted as escort to the remains of President
Lincoln on the occasion of the funeral obse-
quies in that city.

Beside the company of Capt. Seipe, just
mentioned, companies were formed in York
County, who were mustered in for the emer-
gency service, from June to August. 1863,
but the great victory of Gettysburg, relieved
our people from all apprehended danger.

The Firsst and Eleventh Corps of the Army
of the Potomac, on "Wednesday, July 1,
1863, came up with the enemy, in large
force, under Gens. Hill and Longstreet, near
Gettysburg, and a short and severe engage-
ment ensued in and around that town. Gen.
Reynolds was killed at the commencement of
the fight, while riding at the head of his
troops. On Thursday another engagement
began, — the rest of the army, under Gen.
Meade, having come up, and the army of the
Confederates, under Gen. Lee. The firing
was heard here distinctly, a,nd in the evening,
from six to eight o'clock, it was terrific. On
Friday the battle continued, resulting in the
defeat and retreat of Lee. This great battle
fui-nished an opportunity to our ^Jeople to for-
ward supplies and assistance to the wounded
and sufifering soldiers, on and in the nei^h-



borhood of the field of battle. It scarce
needed a public meeting, which was called
for the purpose, to cause our citizens to bring
in abundance of provisions to the market and
court houses. In less than two hours and a
half thirty wagons, loaded down with the
necessaries of life, bread, cakes, hams and
delicacies, accompanied by male and female
nurses, were on their way to the battle-
field. Provisions continued to arrive and
were at once forwarded to the scene of
action. j

In the early part of 1864 sanitary fairs I
throughout the country were held, and the
ladies of the Soldiers' Aid Society, of York,
in February of that year, inaugurated a I
series of entertainments in conueetioQ with
their fair, consisting of concerts, tableaux |
and other exhibitions, by which large |
amounts of money were raised for the sani-
tary fund. Quiet reigued at home, and our
people were free from all apprehension of
danger, until they were suddenly disturbed
by another advance of the enemy across the

After terrible battles and frightful slaugh-
ter, Gen. Grant, about July 1, 1864, sat
down before Petersburg to commence the
siege of the enemy's works, and the slow, but
sure advance to Richmond. But while he
was there with his great army, the country
was startled by another invasion of Maryland,
by Ewell's Army, and siege laid to Washing-
ton, the enemy's cannon shaking the very
Capitol. After the battle of Monocacy. the
Confederate cavalry overran all eastern Mary-
land. Harry Gilmore made his famous raid,
destroying the railroads, and particularly
cutting otf communication between Phila-
delphia and Baltimore. A memorable inci-
dent of this raid was the capture and escape
of >Iaj. -Gen. Franklin. On the 11th day
of July, when on the train from Baltimore to
Philadelphia, he was taken prisoner, but
while at Reisterstown, in charge of a guard,
he made his escape. Feigning sleep, the i
guards fell asleep really, when he quietly
walked off. After hiding two days in the
woods, he met a farmer who befriended him,
and with whom he took refuge until it was
time to make his way further.

There was witnessed, in the month of July,
1864, again, the distressing sight of refugees
fleeing through our streets in charge of I
horses and cattle. The proximity of the
enemy occasioned great alarm. There was a
call by the governor for 24,000 men to serve
for one hundred days. Five companies were
formed in York for home protection, and pub-
lic meetings were called to provide bounties

for volunteers. The stores were closed, and
business generally suspended.

On the 30th day of July the awful news
was received of the burning of the town of
Chambersburg. Three hundred and fifty
houses were burned and all the public build-
ings. A public meeting for the relief of the
sufferers was called, and several thousand
dollars were raised for that purpose in York.
The enemy retiring relieved us from further

Of the hundred days men, the One Hun-
dred and Ninety- fourth Regiment had men
from York County. It was put on duty in
and near Baltimore, on the lines of the rail-
roads, on provost duty, and as guard to

Early in 1864 a draft was ordered for
500,000 men, unless forthcoming by volun-
teers, and for some districts a draft was made
on the 6th of June. On the 18th of July
there was a call for 500,000 volunteers. This
call, after the already exhausting drafts,
roused a class of citizens, who determined to
volunteer themselves, and fill the quotas,
organized companies, and became attached
to regiments, which, although put into ser-
vice late in the war, acquired the distinction
of veterans.

The Two Hundredth Regiment was com-
manded by Col. Charles W. Diven. formerly
major of the Twelfth Reserves. It was or-
ganized on September 3, 1864. The com-
panies, formed in York, attached to this
regiment, were. Company A, Adam Reisinger,
John Wimer, captains; William F. Reisinger,
Edward Smith, Jere Oliver, lieutenants.
Company D, William H. Duhling. captain;
Martin L. Duhling and William H. Drayer,
lieutenants. Company H, Jacob Wiest, cap-
tain; James M'Comas and William H. Smyser,
lieutenants. Company K, Hamilton A. Gless-
uer, captain; George I. Spangler. Augustus
C. Steig and Zachariah S. Shaw, lieutenants.

At the time of the formation of the com-
panies just mentioned, a company was raised
in York by Capt. Lewis Small; lieutenants,
Richard C. Ivory and William L. Keagle.
This company was attached, at Harrisburg,
to the Two Hundred and Seventh Regiment
as Company E.

Two other companies from York County
were also then formed, one by Capt. Henry
W. Spangler; lieutenants Thomas J. Hend-
ricks, William Douglas, and William B.
Morrow; the other by Capt. John Klugh;
lieutenants, George W. Heighes and Henry
L. Arnold, and were attached to the Two
Hundred and Ninth Regiment as Companies
B. and I.


These three regiments, organized about the
same time, were immediately ordered to the
front, and placed in the Army of the James,
and were employed in active duty until the
24th of November, when they were trans-
ferred to the Army of the Potomac, and
placed iu the division of Gen. Hartranft,
Ninth corps. They performed fatigue duty
and were thoroughly drilled during the win-
ter, and were engaged in several raids at
Bermuda Hundred, Jerusalem Plank Road
and Hatcher's Run, and at the opening of the
spring campaign they were engaged in one of
the most brilliant achievements of the war.
Fort Steadman was, by a surprise, captured
by the enemy. Hartranft had six Pennsyl-
vania regiments, including these three, and
determined to lead his command at once to
the assault — Col, Diven, commanding the
First Brigade. About daylight, on Saturday
morning, the 25th of March, after three sev-
eral assaults, under verj' heavy tire, the fort
was retaken. The Two Hundredth led the
assault, supported by the Two Hundred
and Ninth. The Two Hundredth received
particular mention in Gen. Uartranft's re-
port : ' • It was put to the severest test, and
behaved with great lirmness and steadiness."
And he congratulated all the men and ofhcers
of his command ' ' for their gallant and heoric
conduct." that they had " won a name and
reputation of which veterans ought to feel

April 2, the division was again formed for
assault in front of Fort Sedgewiek, in the
capture of which the men and officers behaved
with great gallantry and coolness. Sergt.
Michael Harman, of Company E, Two Hun-
dred and Seventh, was killed in this assault.
The color sergeant of the regiment, George
J. Horning, fell pierced with seven balls,
when Sergt. Charles J. Ilgenfritz sprang for-
ward and raised the colors, and the men
rushed over the works and the colors were
planted on the fort. The regiments advanced
to the city of Petersburg, which was by this
time abandoned, and continued in pursuit of
the enemy until the surrender of Lee, and in
May they were mustered out.

A company was raised in York by Capt.
Emanuel Herman, in the early part of 1865,
Emanuel Rutter, first lieutenant, and Charles
W. P. Collins, second lieutenant. This com-
pany was attached, with seven other com- ,
panies, to the One Hundi-ed and Third Vet-
eran Regiment, which had been reduced to
eighty one men. It was on duty in North
Carolina, until June 25, 1865, when it was

mustered out at Newbern.

Soldiers from York and York County, vol-

unteered in other Pennsylvania regiments,
besides those mentioned, and also in regi-
ments of other States, and where, in some
cases, they had become residents. Henry J,
Test, who had been a member of the Worth
Infantry, in the three months' service, vol-
unteered in the Seventy-ninth Pennsylvania
Volunteers (Col. Hambright's regiment, of
Lancaster County), became a lieutenant in
Company B, and was killed at the battle of
Perryville, Ky., on October 8, 1862. The
Seventh Iowa Regiment was commanded by
Col. Jacob Lauman, afterward brigadier-
general, who was with Gen. Grant in the
West, at Belmont, Pittsburgh Landing and
Fort Donelson, At this last named place,
Capt. Jonathan S. Slaymaker, of the Second
Iowa, fell while leading his company in the
assault. Corp. David Hays, of the Thirteenth
Indiana, a soldier of the Mexican war, dis-
tinguished himself in a desperate hand to
hand encounter with the rebels in Western
Virginia. Many others might be mentioned
whose names cannot be recalled.

Thus from the ordinary life of the citi-
zen, from the fa)'m, the workshop, the count-
ing room and the office, our men left their
business and homes, at the call of their
country, and formed a j^art of that great
body of volunteers, which constituted, with
the regular army as a nucleus, the military
power of the nation, and furnished their
full share toward the preservation of the
American Union. The army officers are
chiefly graduates of the military academy.
These in many instances, during the war,
retaining their rank in the line, became
general officers of volunteers. The West
Point gi-aduates from York attained conspicu-
ous positions in the service, William B.
Franklin was major-general by brevet, and
major-general of volunteers; Horatio Gates
Gibson, major, Third Artillery, was colonel
of Second Ohio Heavy Artillery and brevet
brigadier-general of volunteers. On the
staff, Edmund Shriver was Inspector- Gen-
eral of the Army of the United States and
brevet major general; Michael P, Small,
colonel, commissary department, and brevet
brigadier-general. Of those appointed from
civil life were Maj. Granville O. Haller,
Seventh Infantry: Capt. Walter S. Franklin,
Twelfth Infantry, brevet major and on the
staff with the rank of lieutenant colonel;
Capt. Theodore U. Cochran, of the Thirteenth
Infantiy; Capt. Charles Garrettson, of the
Seventeenth Infantry; Lieut. George W, H.
Stouch, Third Infantry, and Lieut. Jacob L.
Stouch, Twelfth Infantry,

The brilliant achievements of the navy


reflected luster upon the national escutcheon,
and to that branch of the service is due one
half of the conquest of the Rebellion. Grad-
uates of the naval academy, from this place,
Commanders Clarke H. Wells, Samuel E.
Franklin and "William Gibson, participated
in the great naval engagements of the war,
and experienced on the iron olads, in block-
ade, bombardment, and battle, in Charleston
Harbor and on the James and Mississippi
and elsewhere, much perilous and arduous
service; and volunteers from the borough
and count}' of York, were to be found among
the gallant crews and officers of Union ves-

The city of Richmond was deserted on
Sunday, April 2, 1865, by the confederate
government and by the army that for a
year had so fiercely defended it. The
first Union troops who entered it found it
abandoned and in flames. The fall of Rich-
mond was celebrated in York, on the Sth of
April, by a procession — business was sus-
pended and at night there was an illumina-
tion. On the Uth of April, Gen. Lee sur-
rendered the confederate army of Northern
Virginia to Gen. Grant, and on the ■26th of
April Gen. Johnston surrendered the Con-
federate States Army in North Carolina, t o
Gen. Sherman. Peace was soon after pro-
claimed, and " the cr uel war was over."

But while these concluding events of the
greatest of civil wars were enacting, the start-
ling intelligence of the assassination of Presi-
dent Lincoln plunged the nation into the deep-
est mourning. On the 21st of April, almost
every resident of York repaired to the railroad,
to pay the last sad tribute of respect to the mem-
ory of the lamented chief magistrate. The mil-
itary and citizens in procession were jjlaced in
line, and the funeral, cortege, amid the toll-
ing of bells and firing of minute guns,
passed through lines of citizens who stood
with uncovered heads. A floral tribute was
laid upon his coffin by the ladies of York.
It consisted of a beautiful wi-eath of rare
flowers encircling the national shield. The
field was made of blue violets, with myrtle
representing the stars, the bars were made
alternately of white and red verbena. Thus
passed the last sad pageant of a most pain-
ful but eventful period in the history of
our nation.



Privates— James Crimins, \Xm. Markley.


Officers. — Captain — George Hay; First
Lieutenant— John W. Schall; Second Lieu-
tenant — Jacob Emmett, Jr. ; First Ser-
geant — John Albright; Second Sergeant —
Philip Peifler; Third Sergeant— Oliver P.
Stair; Fourth Sergeant— -Emanuel Smith;
First Corporal — Edward F. Smith; Second
Corporal— Charles W. Stubbins; Third Cor-
poral — "William C. Getz; Fourth Corporal —
Albert A. "Welsh; Musicians — Samuel Simons,
Zaehariah Zimmerman.

Privates. — John Bush, Ferdinand Buck-
ingham, George N. Barnitz, Adam Bein,
Charles Busey, William Clapper, Daniel
Cooks, John Dennes, John A. Epply, George
W. Feistell, David Fox, Emanuel Foust,
Ambrose Foust, Matthew Foose, George
Greysley, Andrew J. Gotwald. Frederick
j Ginter, Lewis Hoffman, Solomon R. Haugh,
Joseph W. Houghes, Peter Hubert, Charles
F. Hauck, Charles Harkins. Joseph Harman,
Joseph A. Heidler, John Kise, Robert W.
Keech, Daniel Landis. Augustus Laucks.
Jacob Lehr, Franklin Morgan. John M'lll-
vaine (M. D.), Peter K. Myers, Henry Marks,
Jeremiah Oliver, David Reese, Samuel Ruth,
William Ranson, George Rudisell. William
A. Reisinger, Jacob Smith, Robert Smith.
Daniel Spangler. Charles F. Stroman.
William H. Smyser, Martin Selack. Charles
A. Shetler, Jacob Smyser, Henry Smallbrook,
Isaac C. Simmon, George C. Stroman.
William Seyfert. Henry Seipe. John N. Tay-
lor, William H. Tomes, Charles Wolf, Alex-
ander C. Ward. John F. Williams. Harrison
C. Weist, John Willy, Henry Young, Daniel
Zellers, Joseph Zeudlick, Franklin Zerger.

, sixteenth regiment, company a three

months' service.

Field and Staff Officers.— Colonel— Thom-
as A. Ziegle; Lieutenant-Colonel — George J.
Higgins; Major — Frank T. Bennett: Adju-
tant — "William Brown; Quartermaster — A.
H. Glatz; Surgeon — William W. M'Guigen:
Assistant Surgeon — James K. Rogers.

Companij Officers. — Captain — John
Hays; First Lieutenant — Solomon Meyer.?;
Second Lieutenant — John M. Deitch;
First Sergeant — Jacob Stough ; Second Ser-
geant — Elias Spangler; Third Sergeant —
William F. Frank; First Corporal— Jacob
I. Young; Second Corporal — W'illiam H.
Albright; Third Corporal — Lewis Small;
Fourth Corporal— Zaehariah Knaub; Musi-
cians — George H. Brierman, Henry Zorger.

Privates. — William Baum, John W. Baum,
Charles M. Brannon, Frederick Banstean,



Frederick Breidling, Henry Birnstock, Will-
iam H. H. Graver, Murray I- Cross, Samuel
S. Crull, William E. Crill, Leonard Doll,
Edwin C. Duncan, David Everhart, Joseph
H. Ensign, George S. Frey, John Frick,
Charles J. Fox, Albert Ford, Samuel Funk,
Charles E. Gardner, George W. Glessner, H.
E. F. Grubb, Oscai- K. Harris, John Haslup,
Henry Hemple, John Hoelle, Joseph Ilgen-
fritz, David F. Ilgenfritz, Edward Kraber,
John Klinedinst, Benjamin I. King, Gabriel
Marks, Christian Miller, George Moore,
William F. Moorehead, Peter Nickel, George
Rabine, Frederick Eeinhart, William Eeis-
inger, George H. Eopp, Charles F. Eopp,
Alexander H. Rapert, Samuel Eudy, Harri-
son Stair, George C. Stair. Samuel H. Spang-
ler, George I. Spangler, William A. Spangler,
Charles A. Straek, Charles H. Stahlman,
William Swartz, David Sirp, John Smeltzer,
John Shirey, John Strickler, Alex A. Strick-
ler, Philip 'M. Shive, Lewis M. Smith, Ed-
ward L. Schroeder, Heniy I. Test, Lewis
Thomas, Dan'l L. Welsh, Franklin I Welsh,
Christian Yenser.


Officers. — Captain — Horatio Gates Myers;
First Lieutenant — Joseph Eenaut; Second
Lieutenant, JacobW. Bender; Sergeants — Al-
fred McKinney, William Troup, George
Kochler, Henry Houser; Corporals — Adam
Klink, Abraham Becher, Henry Trone, An-
drew Miller; Musicians — Silas Gengling,
Lewis Eenaut.

Privates. — William Allwood, Jerome Ad-
ams, Thomas Brown, Henry P. Bittenger,
William Bair, Israel Boblitz, Henry Carr,
Henry F. Constine, Jeremiah Carbaugh,
Lewis ClJne, George Colbeg, Jacob Doll,
Martin Deihl. Henry A. Eckenrode. Charles
Fiscus, John Gross. Franklin Gipe, James
Grimes, William Guinlittle, Hamilton S
Grim, Joseph Grim, Nicholas Hahm, Georg(
Jones, William Klank, Daniel Keesey, An
thony Klunk, William Low, John Low, Dan
iel Lookabaugh, Adam McKinney, John Mc
Elroy, William McFarland, Michael Mul
grew, Jerome McWilliams, John Martin
Jacob D. Neiderer, Pius Neiderer, Alexander
Parr, Eolandas Eoland, Adam Eobling,
Adam Eeiling, William Rhinedollar, Edward
Slagle, William Staman, John Soule, Eeuben
Stonesifer, Calvin Simpson, Peter Schuck,
James Stewart, Daniel Weaver, William
White, George Warner, John Wheeler, Jack-
son Wintrode, Daniel Witmyer.


Officers. — Captain — Cyrus Diller; First

Lieutenant — Henry Morningstar; Second
Lieutenant — Joseph S. Jenkins; First Ser-
geant — Michael Harmon; Second Sergeant
— Isaac Wagner; Third Sergeant — John
Shanesy; Foui'th Sergeant — Joel Henry;
First Corporal — Adam Morningstar: Second
Corporal — William Shuman; Third Corpo-
ral — George E. Yingliug; Fourth Corporal —
Joseph A. Slagle; Musicians — Simon J. Dil-
ler, Thomas L. Wirt.

Privates. — Theodore^ Bair, William A.
Beard, Walter F. Beard, Peter Butt. Martin
Buehler, William Bupp, Frederick M. Boyer,
William Collins, Michael Chrum, John Di-
vine, Samuel Dillen, John A. Eline, John S.
Forest, Henry Fleming, Leo Gleason. Sebas-
tian Grimm, Henry Hubley, Michael Her-
man, John Kouck, John H. Krook. Daniel

Online LibraryJohn GibsonHistory of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present → online text (page 38 of 218)