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History of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present online

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Weiser, William Wolf.

Officers. — Captain — D. Wagner Barnitz;
First Lieutenant — George J. Spangler; Sec-
ond Lieutenant — John W. Shirey; First Ser-
geant — George H. Maish; Sergeants — Levi
Strickler, John Strickler, Albert Hay, John
A. Beitzel; Corporals — Frederick Klinefelter,
Oliver H. Wells, Jerome Fisher, Amos Mit-
zell, Henry Buck, Alexander Hildebrand,
George Wagner, Milton Johnston.

Prii-ates. — William H. Albright, Jacob
Assemen, Adam K. Baylor, Jacob Blauser,
William Call, John Carr, John Connelly,
Charles Cook, George W. Dietz, L, Doll,
Jacob B. Fishel, Joel E. Fisher, George
Foose. William Frame, William Fried,
George S. Frey, Martin Frey, Augustus F.
Gotwalt, Joseph W. Ilgen fritz, George Ilgen-
fritz, Albert Ilgenfritz. William Jacobs, Vic-
tor V. Kelton. William Koch, William Lloyd,
Adam E. Mayers. David Myers, Andrew J.
M'Laughlin, Bernard M'Farland, George
Odenwalt, Philip Odenwalt, August Rouse,
Daniel Rittenhouse, Josiah W. Sleider,
George P. Smyser, William Straber. Edward
Straber, Louis Shenberger, George W. Steig,
Luther A. Small. Albert Small, William
Sponsler, Henry Swartz, Charles A. Strack,
John G. Schaflfer, John Schott. Michael
Seitz, John Tomes, Hamilton H. Treager,
John Vandersloot, Charles Wagner, Louis
E. Wagner, Marcellus G. Weiser, George
Weiser, Howard. H. AVelsh. Lewis Weller,
Emanuel C. Yessler, John Zeller, Walter
Zimmerman.

Officers. — Captain — William H. Albright;
First Lieutenant — George Smith; Second
Lieutenant — John H. Klinedinst; First Ser-
geant — William Swartz; Sergeants — Charles
W. Stebbins, Lewis L. Sears, William H. tl.
Erwin, Samuel Rudy; Corporals — Samuel
Funk. Henry Reily. Charles N. Brannon,
Isaac Goodman, John Heckert, Charles O.
Fields. Frederick Bastean, John Epply; Mu-
sician — Harry A. Spangler.

Privates. — John W. Bittenger,' Charles H.
Bressler, Martin Basehore, John Crone, Clay-
ton Craver, Howard Duvall, John G. Ernst,
James Ensminger, Emanuel Erb, Robert
Fields, Romanus Greenawalt, George W. F.
Gray, Albert Heckert, Edward Helfrich,



Alfred Helsel, Frederick Hibner, Christian
Hinkle, Daniel C. Ilgenfritz, Daniel Jacobs,
James Johnston, George Koons, Jacob Kraft,
John Kline, Emanuel Kissinger, William T.
Laumaster, Philip Lehr, William H. Loch-
man, William Loy, Samuel Myers, John
Miller, Albert Metzel, William M'llvaine,
John B. Oswald, Andrew Plile, John Rouse,
Andrew J. Reiley, George W. Reichenbach,
John Siegle, Henry Stine, Augustus Strack,
Adam Spangler, Jacob Smith, Alexander
Smith, William Warner, Samuel H. Welsh,
David A. Wilhelm, Jeremiah Yaple, William
Zeigle.

Officers. — Captain — John Hays; First
Lieutenant — John M. Deitch; Second Lieu-
tenant—James H. Fisher; First Sergeant —
Alexander Duncan; Sergeants — Edward G.
Smyser, George W. Ruby, Zacharias Dugan,
Daniel D. Doudel; Corporals — Peter M'Gui-
gau, Nathaniel Weigle, William Beitzel,
Henry L. Fisher, Andrew J. Bashers, Thomas
M'Cann, Andrew K. Glessner, Alfred Koch.

Privates. — George Albright, Henry Baylor,
George A. Barnitz, George Beck, William B.
Carter, Barney Conley, Jeremiah Cullison.
Daniel Crerand, Daniel Densel, Patrick
Dawson, Henry Everhart, Abraham Forry,
Charles Fishel, Enos M. Frame, William
Froelich, Martin Frey, Jr., Jacob E. Fisher,
Samuel Gotwalt, Jacob Gotwalt, Sr. , Daniel
Gotwalt, John Horn. Jr., Jeremiah Hess,
Abraham Hearshy, Joseph Heard, Samuel
Ilgenfritz, Henry Ilgenfritz, James W. Kerr,
Adam Klinefelter, Augustus Knudson,
Charles W. Karg, George A. Karg, August
Leibhart, William Leidlich, John Minnon,
Moses Morritz. John Morrow, Abraham Mus-
ser, Henry Philby. Frederick Plitt, August
Plitt, Alexander Reisinger, John F. Rien-
berger, Barnard Rhodenhouser, Jacob Reich-
ley, Michael Schall, David Small, Peter
Schoch, Charles Spangler, Ambrose Smith,
William Small, Henry Spangler, Henry
Schuyler, Charles Schnable, Frederick A.
Steig, Walter Shaeffer, Henry Stallman,
Lebi-echt Treager, Alexander Underwood,
John A. Wilsonj James West, Joseph Welsh,
Joseph Watt, William W^att, Henry Weltz-
hoffer, Anthony Weaver, W'illiam Wagner,
Sr., Jacob Wagner, Jacob Yunker," John Zim-
merman.

Officers. — Captain — John Gibson; First
Lieutenant — Charles A. Stair ; Second Lieu-
tenant — W^illiam II. Jordan ; First Sergeant
— George P. Smyser ; Sergeants — William
L. Stough, Charles S. Weiser, George Fisher,
Samuel I. Adams ; Corporals — Francis M.
Eppley, Edwin R. Burke, Edward C. Eichel-
berger, William Fahs, George W. Heiges,



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY.



I



George L. Hay, Edwin Heckert, Thomas S.
Meyers ; Musician— David A. Decker.

rn'vcdes. — Miu-ray S. Adams, Charles Ans-
ley, Emmett B. Bossier, John Brillhart,
Chaiincey F. Black. Crayton W. Brandt, Will-
iam Chambers, Charles Donnell, Edward D.
Epplev. Lewis H. Eppley. Weter Eck. Martin
S. Eichelberger, Isaac A. Elliott, Silas H. Forry,
George Foose, Henry K. Gardner, "William H.
Griffith. Cornelius Garretson, Ivan Glossbren
ner, Hollingsworth Gipe, Alfred Gartman,
Johns Hopkins, Henry Haker, John C. Jor-
dan, Milton S. Johnson, Charles A. Keyworth,
Willian H. Kurtz, James Kell, Daniel Keller,
Nathan T. Keesey, Jacob E. Lehman, James
W. Latimer, Edward B. Meyers. George
Meredith, William Meredith. Peter M'Intyre,
"Jr., Martin P. M'Creary, John M'Intyre,
Samuel Owens, William N. Porter, George
H. Pentz, George Kudisill, Albert W. Ru-
disill. Thomas J. Rupert, James B. Small,
John H. Straver. Thomas B. Schall, Jr.,
Lewis W. Schaeffer, W. H. Strickler,
Henry W. Spangler, Joseph G. Small, James
F. Shunk, Joseph H. Strubinger, George
W. Stoufifer. Jacob A. Wilt, L. Edward Wag-
ner, Charles F. Welch, Geoffrey P. Yost,
A. Duncan Yocvim, Herman Zeigler.

Officers. — Captain — Charles M. Nes ; First
Lieutenant— John Brillinger ; Second Lieu-
tenant—Samuel Warring ; First Sergeant —
Martin Quinn ; Sergeants — Edward Brillin-
ger, A. B. Farquhar, Henry J. Loucks, Will-
Fam Loucks; Corporals— Alfred Erwin, Eman-
uel A. King. A. Hamilton Nes, John B. Rut-
ter, W. L. Small, Martin H. Weiser, Erastus
H. Weiser, Thomas Williams; Buglers-
Jacob RomaQ, Philip Hecker.

FcH-a/es. —Jacob Brillinger, N. F. Bum-
ham, Daniel Cookes. John T. Erwin, Arthur
N. Green, James Groff, Philip Herman,
Henry Hertzog, Edward G. Hersh, Thomas
Holland, John Herman, Jonathan Jessop,

— Jessop, William S. King, George Koons,
Vincent K. Keesey. Anthony Lieben, Samuel
Leitner, Josiah E. Myers, Henry Myers, Jr.,
Leander H. Myers, Daniel A. Rupp, James
Rupert, Edward P. Smyser, Frederick Stall-
man, Milton Sultzbach, William Smith,
Michael Schall, Jacob D. Schall, James
Schall, Alexander W. Underwood, Amos Un-
derwood, John Wanbaugh, Thomas E. White,

— Welsh, Henry Wagner.

COMPANY I.

Emergency troop of 1S63.
Officers. — Captain — John S. Forrest; First
Lieutenant— John Q. Pfeiffer ; Second Lieu-
tenant—Alexander T. Barnes ; First Ser-
o-eaut— Jool Henry ; Sergeants — William H.



M'Causland, Howard N. Deitrick, Napoleon

B. Carver. Charles Young ; Corporals — Jo-
siah Rinehart, Thomas Sneeringer, Henry
Schultz. David E. Winebrenner, Henry C.
Bueher, Amos F. Klinefelter, Charles T.
Kump, Charles W. Thomas.

P;-u-afes. — William Althoff, Noah Allison,
William Bair, William H. Bastres, William

F. Baum, William A. Beard, James Blair,
John F. Blair. Edward Bollinger, John Bond,
David F. Forney. William G. Forney, Jacob
Freet, William Gantz, Jacob Gardner, Mar-
tin Graybill, Lewin Heathcote, Martin Hitzel,
Addison M. Herman, John J. Hersh, Josiah
D. Hersh, Barthabus Himes, John H. Hinkle,
Lewis V. Holter, William H. Holter. Wash-
ington J. Johnson, Lewis B. Jones, Isaac
Jones. William Leader, Isaac Loucks, Henry

C. Metzgar, Jacob H. Michael, Michael D.
Myers, William A. Myers, Aaron M'Lean,
Mahlon H. Nail, Hezekiah Ports, Henry H.
Pfeiffer. John J. Sanders, George W. Sher-
man, George E. Sherwood, Henry W. Shriver,
William^ H. Snyder, Eli Snyder, Daniel J.
Snyder, Ovid Stahl, George E. Trone, Oliver
Trone, Samuel E. Trone, Fabius N. Wag-
ener, Samuel Weigle, John Willing, Calvin
Wirt, William C. Wolf, Cornelius Young,
Martin Zimmerman.

LIST OF OTHEE OFFICERS FROM YORK COUNTY.

Assistant Surgeon, William F. Smith,
Twenty-eighth Regiment; Surgeon, J. A.
Wolf, Twenty-ninth Regiment; Assistant, G.
\V. Jackson, JFifty-ninth Regiment; Surgeon,

G. W. Jackson, Fifty-third Regiment; Second
Lieut., Robert W. S'mith, Thirty-fourth Reg-
iment; Second Lieut., T. Brandon Hurst,
Thirty-sixth Regiment; (Brevet First Lieut,
and Capt.), Thirty- sixth Regiment; Lieut.
Col., Samuel N. Bailey, Forty- first Regiment;
Assistant Surgeon, James M. Shearer, Forty-
first Regiment; Capt, William G. Moore,
Fiftytiftb Regiment; Assistant Surgeon, W.
P. Nebinger, Fifty sixth Regiment; Capt.,
Nathan Z. Seitz, Sixty-seventh Regiment;
Assistant Surgeon, T. M. Kern, Sixty-eighth
Regiment; Assistant Surgeon, John E. Mc-
Ilvaine, Sixty-eight Regiment; Adjutant,
Frederick R. Smith, Seventy.sixth Regiment;
Surgeon, W. D. Bailey, Seventy-eighth Reg-
iment; First Lieut., William H. Myers,
Eighty-second Regiment; Surgeon, Jared
Free, Eighty-third Regiment; Capt. Will-
iam H. Lauius, Company I, Eighty-seventh
Regiment; First Lieut., Benjamin Geipe,
One Hundred and First Regiment; First
Lieut., Samuel S. Matthews. One Hundred
and Third Regiment; Assistant Surgeon, Will-
iam F. Smith, One Hundred and Fifth Reg-



HOSPITAL WORK.



imenfc; First Lieut., D. W. Oberlander, One
Hundred and Thirteenth Regiment; Second
Lieut. , Henry Brunner, Thirteenth Cavalry,
One Hundred and Seventeenth Regiment;
Assistant Surgeon, G. K. Thompson, One
Hundred and Thirty-second Regiment; Lieut.
Col., W. A. McCartney, One Hundred and
Thirty-third Regiment; Assistant Surgeon,
W. J. Underwood, One Hundred and Fifty-
first Regiment; Assistant Surgeon, F. W.
Vandersloot, One Hundred and Fifty -second
Regiment; Assistant Surgeon, August R.
Nebinger,One Hundred and Fifty-eighth Reg-
iment; Assistant Surgeon, S. F. Meely, One
Hundred and Sixty-fifth Regiment; Assistant
Surgeon, S. M. Murphy, One Hundred and
Eighty second Regiment; Chaplain, Isaiah
L. Kephart, One Hundred and Eighty-second
Regiment; Second Lieut, Alexander I.
Barnes, One Hundred and Eighty- fourth
Regiment; Second Lieut., David J. Bossier,
One Hundred and Eighty-sixth Regiment;
Capt. Henry Fox, One Hundred and Eighty-
eighth Regiment; Second Lieut. , John B.
Metzgar, One Hundred and Ninety- second
Regiment: Assistant Surgeon, F. S. Smith,
One Hundred and Ninety-fourth Regiment;
Second Lieut., James C. Channel, One Hun-
dred and Ninety-fourth Regiment; Capt.,
R. B. Hoover,Two Hundredth Regiment; First
Lieut., Daniel L. Stoud, Two Hundredth
Regiment; Second Lieut., Joseph H. Krafi"t,
Two Hundredth Regiment; Second Lieut.,
Fred. A. Hershey, Two Hundredth Regiment;
Second Lieut., Peter Ginter, Two Hundredth
Regiment; First Lieut., Samuel B. Urich.Two
Hundred and Second Regiment; Surgeon,
Washington Burg, Two Hundred and Seventh
Regiment.

INDEPENDENT BATTERY.

Capt., F. Robert Polack; First Lieut.,
Daniel L. Stair.



HOSPITAL WORK.*

OCCUPATION OF YORK BY THE REBELS, 1863.

IN response to President Lincoln's call for
troops in April, 1861. Gov. Curtin, of
Pennsylvania, made an earnest appeal to the
volunteer companies of the State. The citi-
zen companies of York, the Worth Infantry,
Capt. T. A. Ziegle. and the York Rifles, Gen.
George Hay, reported immediately for active
service.



j On Saturday, the 13th inst., Maj.-Gen.
Keim came up from Ashland, Md. Gen.
Hay ordered the companies to muster at
the armory, from whence they were marched
to the railroad station to await a special train
from Harrisburg, with troops destined to

I check an advance of the Southern forces, and

t to protect the railroad and the bridges. At
11 P. M., the train started off, amid the

! cheers and good wishes of the bystanders.
The town already began to wear a military

' aspect. Flags were suspended from the pub-
lic buildings, and places of business. Poles
were erected in central positions displaying
the stars and stripes. On Monday the
troops were all ordered back to York. As
they marched through the streets to the fair

: grounds, the people stood at the street cor-
ners, and the doors of their dwelling houses,
with hot coifee, bread and cakes for the half-
starved men. At Camp Scott, christened
Camp Delight by the men in contrast to
Camp Misery, at Cockeysville, they found a
cordial welcome, and a hot supper ready for
them.

From this date began the hospital work
which filled our hearts with pity, and our
hands with labor for the following five years .
On the 26th of April, the Twelfth Regi
ment Pennsylvania Volunteers, Col. David
Campbell, and the Thirteenth, Col. David
Rowley, arrived from Pittsburgh. Early in
May over 6,000 troops were stationed at Camp
Scott, including Capt. Campbell's battery of
flying artillery. The commissary arrange-
ments were necessarily very inadequate to
meet the wants of the large body of men, and
they depended upon the citizens for many
comforts and for special diet for those on the
sick list. The spring of 1861 was peculiarly
wet and inclement. The soldiers sufi'ered
severely from rheumatism, contracted by
lying on damp straw, and from colds and in-
termittent fevers. As there were no arrange-
ments for a hospital at this early date, the
sick boys were often taken into private
houses and nursed gratuitously, and in many
households a meal was rarely eaten without
one or more guests from the camp.

A meeting of ladies was promptly called
to organize a system of relief for the men.
Mrs. Charles A. Morris was elected president.
A committee was chosen consisting of one
person from each ward, the number to be
increased at option. From, the First Ward,.
Mrs. Dr. Roland ; Second, Jlrs. Samuel
Small ; Third, Mrs. Knause ; Fourth, Mrs.
George Barnitz ; Fifth, Mrs. Ellen Smyser.
As the number of patients increased the
committee was enlarged, a temporary' h.os-



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY.



pital was arranged in the agricultural build-
ing on the fair grounds. Early in the sea- ]
son there was a demand for stockings, shirts i
and other garments. Private stores were
soon disposed of and making up new mate-
rial commenced. The work was systematized,
and a committee of ladies appointed to take
charge of it. The firm of P. A. & S. Small
gave them a commodious room in Small's
building, which was always open and filled
with busy helpers in the good cause. The
entire community entered heartily into the
work. Little children left their play to
scrape lint and roll bandages. Parties and
tea-drinkings were neglected for meetings at
the work rooms and at private houses for cut-
ting and sewing garments, and packing the
stores contributed by the town folk and the
country people. Thanks to their generosity
the -supplies never failed, and the constant
appeals from the front for aid were always
promptly answered. In many a country farm
house the treasured stores of linen were
brought forth from the great chests packed
in Germany, and freely given for the use of
the suffering, wounded boys.

In December, 1861, the Sixth Regiment
New York Cavalry, Col. Devens, was ordered
to York for the winter. The regiment, 90U
strong, aiTived on Christmas day. An
extract from the notes of Maj. Daily says:
"He met with a hearty welcome. The citi-
zens had provided a hot dinner of turkeys,
meats, and the delicacies of the festive sea-
son, the ladies who provided the dinner
serving as waiters on the occasion." Bat-
talion First, Maj. Daily, was quartered in
the agricultural building. The Second, Maj.
Conardin, and the Third, Maj. Clarkson,
occupied the -public school buildings, the
schools having been closed by order of the
school board. In January Gen. Simon
Cameron, secretary of war, ordered barracks
and stabling to be erected on the public
commons. Before the completion of the
quarters a temporary hospital for the troops
was established in the Duke Street school-
house, which was daily visited by the citi-
zens. The soldiers spoke in the most grate-
ful terms of the kindness and generous help
and sympathy of the ladies of York. Many
cards and testimonials of their appreciation
appeared in the journals of the day.

After the departure of the cavalry an offi-
cer was sent to superintend the removal of
the barracks ; but his report of the conveni-
ent situation, healthy locality and advantages
of the quarters for hospital purposes was
favorably considered. They were fitted up
and ready for occupancy in June, 1862. The



stabling was removed under the supervision
of Dr. Alexander Small. On the 27th of the
month the York General Hospital was organ-
ized by Dr. C. TS'. Jones, officer in charge.
His staff was composed of Brigade-Surgeon
Henry Palmer, U. S. A., surgeon in charge;
Assisting Surgeons C. S. DeGraw, V. S. A.;
R. L. Peltier, U. S. A. ; Acting Surgeons
H. T. Bowen, H. L. Smyser, A. R. Blair,
Jacob Hay, Jr., George Jacoby, clerk; D.
Jerome Bossier, hospital steward ; E. C.
Grevemyer, commissary; L. K. Morris, ward
master ; medical cadet, Dr. Weil. Rutter
Herman had charge of the barracks before
this time. Dr. Weil arrived with the first
consignment of nineteen patients July 1st.
July 7 a lar^e number were forwarded from
Washington, Baltimore and other stations
further south. The long rows of cots were
filled day by day till every room was full.
The days were crowded with touching inci-
dents in the lives of the poor fellows who
engrossed our time and attention. The La-
dies' Aid Society, organized in November,
1861, was much enlarged. All ranks and
ages joined in attentions to the brave defend-
ers of their homes and of the country's
i honor. Among the prominent names were
I Mrs. Charles Morris, Mrs. Daniel Durkee,
Mrs. Samuel Small, Sr. , Mrs. Walter Frank-
lin, Mrs. Solomon Oswald, Mrs. Dr. Roland,
Mrs. Fulton, Mrs. David E. Small, Mrs.
Spangler Wagner, Mrs. John Weiser, Mrs.
William AVelsh, Mrs. Robert J. Fisher, Mrs.
George Eisenhart, Mrs. Benjamin Weiser,
Mrs. George Wantz, Mrs. Henry Lanius,
Mrs. E. A. Pierce, Mrs. Kate Garretson, Mrs.
David Rupp, Mrs.. Kurtz, and the Misses
Amelia and Catherine Kurtz, the Misses Dur-
kee, Miss Latimer, Miss Mary J. Lewis, Miss
Sallie B. Small, Miss Cassie M. Small, Miss
Annie Thornbury, Miss Julia Hay, Mrs.
George Heckert, Miss A. Fisher, Mrs. David
Landis, Mrs. Kell, Mrs. Weigle, Mrs. Smith,
Mrs. Jenks, Mrs. Ed Smyser, Mrs. Rutter
Herman, Mrs. Laumaster, Mrs. Thomas Zie-
gle, Mrs. David Frey, Mrs. Angus Barnitz,
Mrs. Weorhly, Lizzie Brown, Kate Connelle,
Isabel Gallagher, Lizzie Gardner, Miss A.
Upp, Amelia Doudel, Miss Mary Rupp,
Miss Stine, Miss Carrie Hay, Miss Jen-
nie Templeman, Mrs. William Smith, Miss
Sarah Sayres, Miss Theodocia Weiser,
Mrs. Bumgartner, Miss Belle Gallagher,
Mrs. Ann Krabee, Miss Eliza Smyser,
Miss Sue Chalfont, Mrs. Lucy Davis, Mrs.
Martin Weigle, Miss Ellen Funk, Miss Jen-
nie King, Mi.ss Anna King, Miss Doudel,
Mrs. Albert Smyser, and many others. Some
persons were untiring in their labors at



HOSPITAL WORK.



home who could not go out to the hospital
personally. Miss Jane Weiser had charge of
the aid room. From this time constant ac-
cessions to the hospital were received from
the various bloody fields. None but an eye-
witness can conceive the horror that hung
over the death-freighted cars. The worst
cases were immediately after the battle of
Antietam. The wounded men, brought di-
rectly from the battle field, were laid upon
the floors of the cars, which ran with blood
from many an uncomplaining hero. One by
one the sufferers were tenderly taken and
placed upon stretchers to be carried to the
hospital, followed by a compassionate pro-
cession, eager to do something for their relief.
An inner row of barracks was erected, and
the Odd Fellows' Hall was granted for a tem-
porary hospital. On August 30, after the
disastrous second Bull Run battle, a call
came from Washington for volunteer sur-
geons. Drs. William S. Roland, E. H.
Pentz, S. G. Rouse, 0. M. Johnston, James
W. Kerr, Jacob Hay, Jr., W. D. Dailey and
M. C. Fisher left at once, reaching their
destination early the following morning. On
Sunday Dr. L. M. Loehman, G. W. Dressier,
O. C. Brickley, Jonas Deininger, W. J. Un-
derwood, C. M. Shafer, J. W. Vandersloot, :
S. R. Jones, R. B. Hoven. A. C. Hetrick and
J. W. Brickly followed. Transportation was
furnished by the Pennsylvania Railroad
Company. The following card from the
Secretary of War, Col. Thomas A. Scott,
proves his appreciation of their prompt re-
sponse:

Philadelphia, August 31, 1863.
To Mr. Henry Welsh, York, Penn. : '

Your borough has responded nobly to the call for i
surgeons, and deserves great praise. If there are |
more willing to go, send them here lo-night. Their
services for the next few days will be invaluable
beyond price to our wounded, suffering soldiers.
T. A. Scott.

During the winter, the York hospital had
its full quota of patients. Surgeon Palmer,
assisted by hhe ward physicians from town,
spared no effort to make it a pleasant home
for the boys, often furnishing treats of ices, )
fruit and other luxuries from their own ;
purses, and devising ways to relieve the weary
days of convalescence. Various amusements [
were provided to while away the lonely win-
ter evenings — readings, lectures and musical
entertainments. A library and reading room
were established. In the spring many of the
impatient boys were able to join their regi-
ments for the eventful campaign of 1863. ,
Those incapable of field duty were detailed ;
as nurses and clerks, or filled other positions |
in the hospital. In June the air was tilled j



with rumors that scouts had appeared oppo-
site Williamsport, Maryland, and it was evi-
dent that an invasion of Maryland and Penn-
sylvania was contemplated. Gov. Curtin, by
direction of the President, issued a call for
50,000 volunteers, for defense of the State.
The Confederates had entire possession of
the Shenandoah Valley, and the advance
forces had reached Hagerstown. A large
command was organized in the Cumberland
Valley under Gen. Couch. He called upon
all citizens between the ages of eighteen and
sixty years to join an army corps, embracing
cavalry, infantry and artillery, to serve dur-
ing the pleasure of the President, or contin-
uance of the war. When not really needed
for the defense of the department, they were
to return to their usual occupations, still
subject to the orders of the commanding gen-
eral. They were required to drill regularly
and keep up an organized militia ready for
service in an emergency. A panic ensued in
the Cumberland Valley. The State archives
were removed from the capital. The post-
office was closed, and the merchants sent
away their valuables. A portion of the hos-
tile force crossed over to Connelsburg, raided
the district, and captured large numbers of
horses and cattle. The line of the Susque-
hanna was guarded from Harrisburg to Peach
Bottom. The imminent danger of invasion,
made York an unsafe position for the sick
and wounded men. On the 15th the medical
stores and commissary supplies, with tha-pa-
tients, were taken to Columbia in charge of
Dr. Blair. They reached Columbia at mid-
night, where they met with a hospitable
reception. The ladies furnished food, bed-
ding, etc., for immediate use. The Odd Fel-
lows ojjened their hall to the fugitives until
quarters could be fitted up in the fine new
school building, which was occupied by them
for several months. Dr. Blair filled the po-
sition of surgeon in charge, as Dr. Palmer
remained in York with five patients, who
could not be removed ; they were held pris-
oners of war while the Confederates occu-
pied the town. Dr. Palmer was released on
parole. '' In view of the threatening aspect,
the bank directors thought it advisable to re-
move the deposits and securities of their
respective banks to a place of safety. On
the 15th, the York Bank and the York County
Bank were taken to Philadelphia, by Messrs.
John A. Weiser and William D. Elliijt, who
deposited the assets of the~York County Bank
in the Northern Liberties; and Mr. Alfred
Gartman and Mr. Lewis Carl took the Y'ork
Bank to the Western Bank of Philadelphia.
The Y'ork County Bank had several hundred



306



HISTORY or YORK COUNTY.



thousands of the paper circulation of the
York Bank, in §1 and S2 notes. The bulk
was a serious obstacle in the way of trans-



Online LibraryJohn GibsonHistory of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present → online text (page 43 of 218)