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History of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present online

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Farnsworth, whose military bearing and
courtly manners haS won the hearts of many
citizens at Hanover during his brief stay
there, was killed at Gettysburg. The country's
salvation claimed no nobler sacrifice. He
significantly said to the barber at Hanover,
when he shaved him, " my days of fighting are
nearly over." Gen. Kilpatrick, who was but
twentj'-seven at the time of the battle of
Hanover, afterward did valiant service while
in command of the cavalry on Gen. Sherman's
famous "March to the Sea." He died a few years

ago of Bright's disease of the kidneys, while
representing the United States as minister in
the Republic of Chili, South America. From
him many of the facts of the engagement at
Hanover were personally obtained. Gen.
Custer, who after the war closed remained
in the regular army, while commanding the
Seventh United States Cavalry on a march
against the Sioux Indians, in Montana, fell a
victim to a horrible butchery on June 25,
1876, in the hands of the savages who greatly
overpowered him in numbers. After a
struggle, equalling in desperation and dis-
aster any other Indian battle ever fought in
America, he and his entire command were
killed. It was generally believed that he
was the last to fall.

The surgeon in charge of the Hanover
hospital of the army of the Potomac, made the
following official report to the government of
the engagement of Hanover:


Alexander Gall, adjutant. Fifth New York

Selden Wales, sergeant. Fifth New York

E. S. Dye. sergeant. Fifth New York Cav-

George Collins, sergeant, First Virginia

John Laniger, private, Fifth New York

William Crawford, private, Eighteenth
Pennsylvania Cavalry.

David Winninger, private. Eighteenth
Pennsylvania Cavalry.

Jacob Harnly, private. Eighteenth Penn-
sylvania Cavalry.

C. Eathburn, private, Fifth Michigan Cav-

John Hoffacker, corporal, Eighteenth
Pennsylvania Cavalry.

One unknown.
IVtal ii'iiiiber jf Union soldiers killed — 11.

Joha Hoffacker. one of the killed, .lived a
few miles south of Hanover.


J. H. Little, Eighteenth Pennsylvania. Com -
panyB, saber cut in head and shoulder.

E. Jeffries, Eighteenth Pennsylvania, Com-
pany A, gun-shot in arm.

William Smith, Eighteenth Pennsylvania,
Company I, hit with shell -in hip.

William Cole. Eighteenth Pennsylvania,
Company A, a saber cut.

John Herriek, Eighteenth Pennsylvania,
! Company B, gun-shot in back.


Jere Develan, Eighteenth Pennsylvania,
Company I, saber cut in head.

John Montgomery, Eighteenth Pennsyl-
vania, Company F, saber cut in head.

A. W. Stone, Eighteenth Pennsylvania,
Company B, gun-shot in temple.

A. Setterball, Eighteenth Pennsylvania,
Company F, bruise from fall of horse.

S. Eodbaugh, Eighteenth Pennsylvania,
Company M. bruise in face and head.

S. Jones, Eighteenth Pennsylvania, Com-
pany F, gun-shot in back.

J. Conner, Eighteenth Pennsylvania, Com-
pany D, saber cut in head.

M. B. Maswell, Eighteenth Pennsylvania,
Company G, contusion in back.

JVIoses Harrisoh, Eighteenth Pennsylvania,
Company A, contusion in head.

Chadraok Tellers, Eighteenth Pennsylvania,
Company G, leg broken.

J. W. Brooks, First Virginia, Company L,
bruise from shell.

Thomas McGuire, First Virginia, Company
M, guu-shot in thigh.

Henry Holman, First Virginia, Company L,
gun-shot in face.

H. Bncher. First Virginia, Company F, pistol
shot in thigh.

Lieut. Mas Carroll, First Virginia, Com-
pany F, wounded in thigh.

James Livingston, Seventh Michigan, Com-
pany F, gun-shot.

Jasper Brown, Fifth Michigan, Company
D, shot in breast.

Maj. White, Fifth New York, gun-shot,

Thomas Eichey, Fifth New York, Company
A. bruise in leg.

Brad Wessart, Fifth New York, Company
A, saber cut in head.

James Hayes, Fifth New York, Company A,
saber cut in shoulder.

Corp. McMullen, Fifth New York, Company
F, saber cut, head and shoulder.

Henry Tuthill, Fifth New York, Company
T, bruise from horse falling on the charge.

P. Schemmerhorn, Fifth New York, Com-
pany D, bruised by carbine.

Corp. Updegrove, Fifth New York, Com-
pany D, wound in hip.

J. B. Tpdike, Fifth New York, Company
D, saber cut in head.

William Sampson, Fifth New York, Com-
pany H, saber cat in arm and foot.

Corp. Kistner, Fifth New York. Company
C, saber cut in neck, serious.

George Gardells, Fifth New York, Com-
pany B, gun shot, serious.

William Lively, Fifth New York, Com-
pany H, saber cut in arm and neck.

Corp. N. Barrum, Fifth New York, Com-
pany G, gun shot in arm and neck.

Sergt. Owen McNulty, Fifth New York.
Company C, gun shot in arm and finger.

Corp. James McKinley, Fifth New York,
Compauv D, gun shot in arm and head.

Emilie Portier. Fifth New York, Company
F, gun shot in arm and breast.

Sergt. J. S. Trowbridge, Fifth New York,
Company E, leg amputated.

H. W. Monroe, Fifth New York, Company
E, wounded in side, serious.

B. Alexander, Fifth New York, Company
E, saber cut in head.

A. C.Rowe, Fifth New York, Company E,
saber cut in face.


The entire number of Union soldiers
wounded was forty- two. The government
authorities at once used Concert Hall and
Marion Hall as hospitals, and the wounded
were placed in them. Pleasant Hill hotel
was afterward secured and was used for a
considerable time as a government hospital
in charge of a surgeon, who was removed
from his position in August. Soon after the
engagement in Hanover, and the battle of
Gettysburg, 150 wounded soldiers were placed
here. Sergeant J. S. Trowbridge of the
Fifth New York Cavalry, whose leg was am-
putated, died five days after the battle, while
still in the hospital. Some of the Confeder-
ate wounded were admitted to the hospital;
of these Isaac Peel, of the Second North Car-
; olina, died of a wound in his head. The
' patriotic ladies of Hanover ministered to the
wants of the sick and wounded, and were un-
ceasing in their efforts to comfort them. An
army officer i-eported, in relation to this hos-
t pital, "that every desired comfort is fur-
i nished with great abundance, and every lux-
j ury, with which the country abounds in rich
profusion, is supplied by sympathetic people,
and in most instances, administered to the
suilering wounded by devoted women. A
heartier response to the calls of humanity,
never came from a more generous people than
we have witnessed here. The Ladies' Aid
Society every day bring bed-clothing, band-
ages and other necessities."

On 4th of August, the unfortunate death of
i E. Cady, of Eighteenth Pennsylvania Cav-
alry, occurred, after intense suffering. It is
related as a sad sight: A few hours before
his death an affectionate sister arrived to
minister to the wants of her wounded brother,
onlj- to find that she was too late. She then
revealed the fact that her dead brother was
the sole support of herself and her widowed



mother, whom she stated would want the re-
mains conveyed to her home, but lack of
funds forbid it. Some generous- hearted and
sympathetic citizens immediately raised a
sufficient amount to have the body embalmed,
and it was sent home for interment. This
was but one of the many similar distressing
and heart-rending scenes that took place dur-
ing the dark times of the civil war.

Cowell, a deserter, who was shot by a
guard in Hanover while trying to escape, also
died in hospital. On August 15, the soldiers
of the Hanover hospital were transferred to

Soon after the terrible battle of Gettysburg,
about 1 "2,000 wounded soldiers passed
through Hanover, and were placed in the
United States hospitals in Wilmington, Bal-
timore. Newark. York, and Philadelphia. A
violent rain storm followed, as is customary
after every great battle. The Bermudian
and the Conewago creeks became very high.
The former overflowed its banks and did more
damage to mill property than was ever known


Within the old Marsh Creek country, which
for just one -half a century belonged to York
County, was fought the great and decisive
battle of Gettysburg. It immediately fol-
lowed the attack at Hanover, of which the
latter really was the begining. The interest
of the greater conflict at Gettj'sburg so
engrossed the public mind at the time, that
the importance of the engagement at Han-
over was overlooked. Had Gen. Stuart
known that Lee's army was so near him, and
gone to Gettysburg from Hanover, on the
night of the 30th of June, instead of making
the detour across York County to Carlisle,
and from thence to Gettysburg the result
of the battle of Gettysbiu'g might have
been different, or at least much more sf»ub-
bornly contested on the first and second days
of that eventful struggle. It was on the hal-
lowed soil, around that now world-renowned
borough, that the flower of the Southern
chivalry, 90,000 strong, under the command
of a disciplined and able general, for three
long [hot summer days closely contested the
ground. The result from the flrst two days
seemed to hang on a balance, but the mas-
terly skill of Gen. Meade was shown on
the third day's struggle. The Potomac army,
with him as commander, which position was
conferred upon him by President Lincoln
but a few hours before the engagement, was
eager to meet the enemy on Northern soil.
The particulars of this battle need not here

be recounted, but the civilized world knows
ibe result. 25,000 sons of the South
were lost in killed, wounded and cap-
tured in that eventful conflict. At the same
time. Gen. Pemberton surrendered about
the same number of men to Gen. Grant at
Vicksburg. The Confedrate Army thus
lost, in all, nearly 70,000 men in three
days. These men could never be replaced,
and from that time forth, the Confederacy
was on the wane.


On Saturday, the 27th of June, 1S63, Col.
White, with about 250 cavalrymen, passed
through Jefferson on to Hanover Junction,
where they burned the railroad bridges. Re-
turning the same evening, they crossed over
toward York, after knocking in the heads of
two barrels of whiskey belonging to Jacob Re-
bert, and setting fire to a car-load of bark,
owned by Henry Rebert, at Jefferson Station.
On Tuesday afternoon, on the 30th of June,
at about 4 o'clock in the afternoon. Gen. J.
E. B. Stuart entered the town from the west, a
few hours after the engagement at Hanover.
He immediately took possession and planted
cannon on the hills north and south of the
village, expecting soon to be attacked by Gen.
Kilpatrick's cavalry. Guards were stationed
all around the town, and no one permitted to
leave it. Many persons of this locality had
been deluded by the pretensions of a league,
which claimed to be able to protect them
from injury and their horses from capture if
they joined it. In consequence of this, very
few horses and valuables were taken eastward
to avoid capture. It was a rich harvest
for the marauding hordes, and about 100
horses were taken in the town and vicinity.
The behavior of the Confederate soldiers
here was not in keeping with their conduct
elsewhere in the county. Many of them
were exceedingly tired and hungry from the
exhaustive march. They demanded all the
food that could be obtained, stopped several
market wagons, and robbed them, even went
to the bee-hives and took the honey, and
ransacked the stores of William Christ, Al-
bert Kraft and Jacob Rebert. The last of
this army passed through the village about 3
A. M., Wednesday, from thence to New Sa-
lem, to Dover, to Dillsburg, to Carlisle, and
from thence to the battle of Gettysburg.

On Wednesday night, Qr rather on Thurs-
day morning, the villagers were awakened
by the arrival of a squad of 1,000 Union cav-
alry, belonging to Gen. Gregg's division.
They came north through Manchester, Md.,
and Codorus Township, and were on their



■way to York. A few miles east of Jefferson
they were intercepted by a courier with a
message demanding their presence at
Gettysburg. It was on the early morning
of the 2d of July, and Avas the dawn of
the second day of the great conflict at Get-
tysburg. The moon was shining brightly
as they entered the town of Jefferson from
the east. The advance guard was singing
the familiar hymn, " Dear fathers, will
you meet us." The rear, in answer, sung
the refrain, " We will meet in the prom-
ised land." They passed on west through
Hanover, and on the afternoon of that
day this band of soJdiers joined the main
body of Gen. Gregg's army, and partici-
pated in the terrible cavalry battle at Bon-
neauville, a few miles east of Gettysburg,
where many hundreds of patriotic sons
" yielded up their lives that this nation might
live." It is memorable as one of the most
terrible cavalry bsttles of the civil war.


The advance guard of Stewart's Confeder-
ate Cavalry entered Dover at 2 o'clock, Wed-
nesday morning of July, 1863, and by
8 o'clock the entire force was encamped on
the level plains surrounding the town.
Stuart was on his way to Carlisle, still not
knowing the position of Gen. Lee's army.
Most of his men were poorly clad. They
came to Dover from Hanover, by way of Jef-
ferson and New Salem, and early in the
morning paroled twenty-one Tnion prisoners
who had been captured at the engagement
with Kilpatrick's army at Hanover the day

before, and released a number of citizens
who were captives. The paroled troops
went immediately to York. The Con-
federate soldiers fed their horses from the
best of oats and corn Dover Township af-
forded, obtained from the citizens of the
town and vicinity the choicest food they
could furnish. In a very short time all pre-
pared victuals were exhausted, and the women
were put to baking and cooking for their un-
invited guests. Dover Township was soon
scoured, and a rich harvest of 387 horses ob-
tained. Many a Dover Township horse and
his Southern rider fell in great cavalry con-
tests at Bonneauville and Hunterstown, near
Gettysburg, the next day. During the fore-
noon a small squad of Gen. Pleasonton's
Union Cavalry came in sight of Dover, and
an engagement was momentarily expected
near the Dover churchyard, the silent resting
place of Capt. Greaff, and many of his brave
Revolutionary patriots. The Union troops
being inferior in numbers withdrew toward
Gettysburg. About this time Gen. Wade
Hampton, who has since been a governor of
and United States senator from South Caro-
lina, wrote a message in the office of Dr. John
Ahl, and sent it off with a courier. At 1
P. M., the Confederate soldiers took up their
march toward Carlisle on the State road, but
sending out predatory parties on the right
and left flanks, Gen. Fitz Hugh Lee com-
manding one of them.

For the valuable draught horse an old
worn out "nag "was frequently exchanged,
wiih which the farmer was compelled to cut
his ripening harvest.



BY H. L.


^pHAT industrious, thrifty, patriotic and
-i- generally intelligent portion of our pop-
ulation, known as Pennsylvania Germans,
are descendants of those hardy pioneer set-
tlers who immigrated hither from various
German States, commencing as early, at
least, as the year 1683; and we find that
September 29, 1709, at a council held at
Philadelphia, the Hon. Charles Gookin, Esq.,
lieutenant-governor, approved a bill for
naturalizing the Germans — Francis Daniel
Pastorius and about ninety others, residents
of the counties of Philadelphia and Bucks.
Francis Daniel Pastorius was the learned
young German advocate who founded Ger-
mantown. He was made first bailiif, and
Jacob Tellner, Dirk Isaacs op den Graff and
Herman op den Graff, three burghers were,
€»• officio, town magistrates. Day in his
historical collections, also gives the follow-
ing curious paper:

"We whose names are to these presents subscribed,
do hereby certify unto all whom it may concern
that soon after our arrival in tliis province of Penn-
sylvania, in October, 1683, to our certain Icnowledge
Herman op den Graff, Dirk op den Graff, and Abra-
ham op den Graff, as well as we ourselves, in the
cave of Francis Daniel Pastorius, at Philadelphia,
did cast lots for the respective lots which they and
we then began to settle in Germantown: and the
said GraflEs (three brothers), have sold their steveral
lots, each by himself, no less than if a division in
writing had been made by them. Witness our
hands the 29th of November, A. D., 1709.
Lexhart Aerets,
Jan Lensen,
Thomas Hundus,
WlIiLIAJI Streyqert,
Abraham Tunes,
Jan Lucken,
Reiner Tysen.

These immigrants must have been arriving
in alarming numbers, for we also find that at
a meeting of the provincial council held
in Philadelphia on September 17, 1717, the
Hon. William Keith, then lieutenant-gover-
nor of the province, took occasion to observe
to the board "that great numbers of for-
eigners from Germany having lately been

imported into this province daily dispersed
themselves immediately after landing, with-
out producing any certificates, from whence
they came or what they wore; and as they
seemed to have first landed in Britain and
afterward to have left it without any license
from the government, or so much as their
knowledge, so, in the same manner they be-
haved here, without making the least appli-
cation to himself or to any of the magis-
trates; that as this practice might be of very
dangerous consequence, since by the same
method any number of foreigners from any
nation whatever, as well enemies as friends,
might throw themselves upon us. The gov-
ernor therefore thought it requisite that thia
matter should be considered by the board,
and accordingly it was considered and 'tis
ordered thereupon, that all the masters of
vessels who have lately imported any of those
foreigners be summoned to appear at this
board, to render an account of the number
and character of their passengers respect-
ively from Britain. That all those who are
already landed be required by a proclamation
to be issued for that purpose, to repair within
the space of one month to some magistrate,
particularly to the recorder of this city, to
take such oaths appointed by law as are
necessary to give assurances of their being
well affected to his Majesty and his govern-
ment. But because some of these foreigners
are said to be Menonists, who cannot for con-
science' sake take any oaths, that those per-
sons be admitted upon their giving any
equivalent assui-ances in their own way and
manner, and that the naval officer of this
port be required not to admit any inward
bound vessel to an entry, until the master
shall first give an exact list of all their pas-
sengers imported by them." (Col. Eec,
Vol. Ill, p. 29.)

That "At a council held at Philadelphia
September 9, (?) 1777, Capt. Richmond,
Capt. Tower, and Capt. Eyers waited upon
the board with the list of the Palatines they


had imported here from London; by which
list it appeared that Capt. Richmond had
imported 164, Capt. Tower 91, and Capt
Eyers lOS." Total. 363 (Ibid).

^At a meeting of the council, " February 19,
1724-25," a petition from divers Palatines was
read, praying that the governor and council
would recommend them to the favorable usao-e
of the proprietors' agents, and that they
might be allowed to purchase lands in this
province, which was referred to IMr. Logan
and the rest of the proprietors' agents to
consider thereof, and to report their opinions
to the board concerning the same (Col. Rec.
Vol. Ill, p. 241); but no further action ap-
pears to have been taken thereon.

On the 14th day of September. 1727,
Patrick Gordon, then lieuienant-governor,
called the provincial council together, "to
inform them that there is lately arrived from
Holland a ship with 400 Palatines, as 'tis
said, and that he has information they will
be very soon followed by a much greater
number, who design to settle in the back
parts of this province; and as they transport
themselves without any leave obtained from
the Crown of Great Britain, and settle them-
selves upon the proprietors' untaken-up lands
without any application to the proprietor or
his commissioners of property, or to the gov-
ernment in general, it would be highly neces-
sary to concert proper measures for the peace
and security of the province, which may be
endangered by such numbers of strangers
daily poured in, who, being ignorant of our
language and laws, and settling in a body
together, makes, as it were, a distinct people
from his Majesty's subjects. The board,
taking the same into their serious considera-
tion, observe, that as these people pretended
at first that they fly hither on the score of
their religious liberties, and come under the
protection of his Majesty, it's requisite that
in the first place they should take the oath of
allegiance, or some equivalent to it to his
Majesty, and promise fidelity to the proprie-
tor, and obedience to our established consti-
tution; and therefore, until some proper
remedy can be had from home, to prevent
the importation of such numbers of strangers
into this or others of his Majesty's colonies: '
'Tis ordered that the masters of the vessels
importing them shall be examined whether
they have any leave granted them by the
Court of Britain for importation of these
foreigners, and that a list shall be taken of
the names of all these people, their several
occupations, and the places from whence they
came, and shall be further examined touching i
their intentions in coming hither; and further, j

! that a writing be drawn up for them to sign.J
t declaring their allegiance and subjection t(-
the King of Great Britain and fidelity to th(
proprietary of this province, and that thej
will demean themselves peaceably towards
all his Majesty's subjects, and strictly ob-
serve and conform to the laws of England
and of this government."

At a meeting of the council held at the
court house, Philadelphia, one week later.
September 21, 1/2*, a paper being drawn up
to be signed by those Palatines who should
come into this province with an intention tc,
settle therein, pursuant to the order of thisj
board, was jDresented, read and approved,
and is in these words: I

" We. subscribers, natives and late inhab-
itants of the Palatinate upon the Rhine, and
places adjacent, having transported ourselves i
and families into the province of Pennsyh
nia. a colony subject to the Crown of Great
Britain, in hopes and expectation of tindin|
a retreat and jjeaceable settlement therein,
do solemnly promise and engage that we will
be faithful and bear true allegiance to^
his present Majesty, King George II, and
his successors. King of Great Britain,
and will be faithful to the proprietors of
this province. And that we will demean
ourselves peaceably to all his said Majesty's
subjects, and strictly observe and conform
to the laws of England and of this province,
to the outmost of our power and best of our •
understanding. "

"In hopes and expectation of finding a
retreat and peaceable settlement " 109 Pala-
tines (who with their families made about
400 persons, lately arrived in the ship " Will-
iam and Sarah"), then repeated and sub-
scribed the foregoing declaration. (Col.
Rec. Vol. Ill, p. 283-4.)

On September 27,1727,53 Palatinates; Sep-
tember 30, 70; October 2, 53; October 16, 46;
August 24, 1728, 80; September 4, 30; Sep-
tember 11, 42; August 19, 1729. 75; Sep-
tember 15, 59; August 28, 1730, 77; Sep-
tember 5, 46; November 30, 24; August 17,
1731, 39; September 11, 57; September 21,
106; October 14, 33; May 15, 1732, 13; August
11, 108; September 11, 70; September 19,
112; September 21, 72; September 23, 57;
September 25, 115; September 26, 61; Sep-
tember 30, 55; October 11, 42; October 17,
61; August 17, 1733, 90; August 27, 58; Au-
gust 28, 84; September 18, 67; September 28,
43; September 29, 54; October 12, 15;
September 12, 1734, 89; September 23, 49;
and on May 29, 1735, 54 Palatines and
Switzers repeated and subscribed the same
declaration of intention and allegiance.


All these with their families numbered (ac-
cording to the records) about 6,927 souls.
! (Col. Eec. Vol. Ill, p. 8, "Emigration of

, In each instance the names of all the
I males (only, and no occupations) are given,

Online LibraryJohn GibsonHistory of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present → online text (page 46 of 218)