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History of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present online

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perfect, and with a little stage training would
have rivaled Owen himself. As a Pennsyl-
vania " Dutch " Solon Shingle, he would have
been unsurpassed and unapproachable. More-
over, he was a man of quick and keen per-
ception and sestbetic taste ; an ardent lover
of all that was grand and beautiful in art
and nature, or noble in human conduct.
Though a lover of the sublime, he had a
keen and lively sense of the ridiculous. He
was an amateur of no mean skill in the arts
of rustic drawing, and painting in water col-
ors. "Loui Miller's Books, or Chronics," as
they are familiarly known to many of our peo-
ple, are two large rustically illustrated manu-
script folios, and now occnpy(or should)a place
in the Cassat Library. They have been the
source of a vast deal of genuine amusement,
as well as of much valuable information on
topics of local and family history. To Loui
Miller, the temptation to "picture off." or
transfer to paper, in some comic, awkward,
and inimitably ludicrous manner, the gro-
tesque images made upon his peculiarly sus-
ceptible brain by queer people in queer pre-
dicaments, was so perfectly irresistible as to
amount to a passion, and the good natured
and harmless manner in which he " took off"
with pen or pencil, India ink or eamel's-hair
brush, many of our old citizens, not a few of
whom are still living, would, in almost any
other person, have been considered, and per-
haps even treated as grossly libelous. Neither
Punch, Puck nor Harper, could rival some
of these quaint caricatures in their way. For
these (as many of the old masters had for
their favorite subjects), Loui had a genius, a
talent and a style peculiarly his own.

The first book opens thus:

" The Beginning of the Chronic, from the
year 1799 to 1870."

At the top of the first page is a neat pen-
and-ink sketch of his old home and birthplace
on South Duke Street. It was a small one-
storied log, weather-boarded house, and many
will remember the unique and elaborate
legendary carvings in wood, which the skill-
ful and cunning hand of old Loui Miller


executed and placed above its humble doors
aud windows.

He then proceeds: "All the pictures con-
tained in this book * * * are true sketches,
I, myself being there upon the places and
spot, and put down what happened, and was
close by, of the greatest number, saw the
whole scene enacted before my eyes — that
man is but a picture of what I can see, who
taught me by times to visit, and improve the
mind. I see all is vanity in this world.

" ■ Be good yourself, nor think another's shame
Can raise your merit or adorn your fame;
The man whose mind on virtue bent,
Pursues some greatly good intent
"With undiverted aim.'

"Written by Lewis Miller, Jr.. in South
Duke Street, York, Penn., April 6, 1816."

The stanza seems to be incomplete, but
contains quite enough to show the serious
turn of his mind, even in his early manhood.

Under date of 1799 are the following
(illustrated) entries:

" Rev. Jacob Goering administers baptism
in the old Lutheran Chui-ch to a child.

" Singing the 3(10th hymn.

" ' Das Lied. — Nun lasst uns froelich singen,
Von "Wunder grossen Dingen,
Die aus der Taufe kommen,
Zu Xutz un Trost der frommen.'

" Ich taufe dich in dem Namen Gottes, der
Vater der Sohn und Heilege Geist, Amen."

" Old Mrs. Bannix, the sexton's wife, and I,
little Loui Miller, standing close behind the


"May 26, 1799, was baptized a son of
George Finnefroek and his wife, Elisabet.
The sponsors were Jacob Miller and wife, Sa-
bina. The little son was born April 22.

"Ludwig Miller, school-master, Lewis Shive
and John and George Bernitz were also
present, assisting Ludwig in the singing."

How wonderful it now would be,
Could we Time's rusty bars unlock,

Or lift his dusky veil and see
The fate of little Finnefroek !

One more. This was the occasion of what
Loui calls " the holding of the first Demo-
cratical meeting ever held in York." He says
it took place in the old log-house, lately
standing on the Weiser property, on the
north side of East Market Street, between the
banking house of Weiser, Son & Carl and the
Central Hotel, in the fall or winter of 1799.
His record of the event is substantially as

"burying the black cockade."

"The first Democratical meeting in York in
1799 at Furry's tavern in East Market Street.

The chairman was Col. George Spanglcr;
secretary, John Weyer; and the followiDo-
persons were also present; Martin Hellmau,
Daniel Stauffer, George Dietz, Peter Dietz,
Conrad Welshhans, Michael Edwards, John
Stroman, Henry Weiser, John Mosey, Jacob
Spangler, Frederick Laumaster, Peter Wilt,
Henry Sheffer, Philip Kissinger, Peter Small,
Jacob Shultz, Jacob Cremer and Maj. Eocke.
After the meeting, burying the Black Cock-
ade in Furry's Garden."

(Here follows Loui's picture of the funeral
procession,) and then the solemn funeral
dirge sung at the grave— all the more sol-
emn for its being in German:

"Nun, schwarzer — Seidner Kokarde,
Wir legen dich, jetz, in den Garten;
'Warst lang genug schon auf dem Hut,
Fuir dieses bistdu nicht mehr Gut.
Du Schwarzer must fergraben werden;
Staub und Ashe must du werden,
Wie der weise S-o-l-o-m-o-n!
Schlafe ruhig in der Erde. j

Staub und Ashe must du werden I

Wie der weise S-o-l-o-mo-n!" I

Such was the funernl hymn sung by young
Democracy at the grave of old Federalism in

Much of the true poetic spirit of the song
must necessarily be lost in any attempt at

The sense of a tolerably free English ver-
sion would be about this:

Thou Black — thou silken Black cockade.

Thou must be in this garden laid;

Our hats thou must no more adorn,

Nor must we thy departure mourn:

Thou sombre symbol, it is best

That from thy labors thou sliouldst rest;

Thou dust and ashes must become,

Like the mighty S-o I-o-m-o-nl

May thy slumbers peaceful be,

For corruption thou must see.

Like the mighty S-o-l-o-m-o-n!

In 1799 Lewis was but four years old, aijd
it was hardly possible he was present on the
ground on all these occasions. Like his
father, Lewis Miller was a man of considera-
ble learning and ability. He had a taste for
history and poetry, and was a firm believer in
the Holy Scriptures, as the only rule of faith
and practice. He was strictly virtitous, hon-
est in all his dealings, and of intensely religi-
ous feeling. He was a Lutheran by religi-
ous training, and a member of the German
branch of the congregation worshiping in
Christ's Lutheran Church. He never mar-
ried, and for some years past made his home
with his niece, Mrs. Craig, at Christiansburg,
Va., but occasionally he visited York, and the
scenes of his childhood and youthful pleas-


To see the altered places
And the few familiar faces
Still lingering on the shore;
To tell of other days —
Of old and better ways
And talk them o'er and o'er.

In all this, his wonderful memory and
powers of mimicry were great helps to him;
and as he warmed up with the subject, he
could re-enact a scene of sixty years ago, so
graphically and hamoroitsly as to move
crowds to roars of laughter; and this he did
ditring his last visit a few years ago (as many
can bear witness), and that without even the
least indelicacy of thought or expression.
But. alas! at the age of eighty, man's spirit
must be drowsy, and his bursts of humor
short-lived, indeed; and such was the case
with our old friend Loui. Soon he would
relapse into apparent stupor and abstracted-
ness: and melancholy, indeed, must have been
the mood in which he wrote in one of his
books the following stanzas:

"The hand of Time upon my brow may trace its

Trora Memory's page efface fond recollection's tear,
But not the treasured thoughts of friends who yet

can clieer
This saddened heart of mine."

"Well I will bear what all have borne,
Live my few years and fill my place;
O'er old and young, affections mourn.
Rent, one by one, from my embrace,

■ 'Till suffering ends and I have done
With all delights beneath the sun,

' 'Whence came I? Memory cannot say;

What am I? Knowledge will not show;
Bound whither? Ah! away, away.

Far as eternity can go! [
Thy love to win, thy wrath to flee,

0!God, Thyself my helper be!"

He was a chronicler, indeed, and in mat-
ters pertaining to local history he was always
in the harvest field, gleaning and gathering
and storing as he went, "line upon line and
precept upon precept, here a little and there
a little," and not always without a moral; his
pencil and his scrap of paper ever at hand,
on which he carefully and particularly noted
down whatever of local interest he saw or
heard. Many of these scraps have fallen
into the hands of the writer, but the contents
of only a few will be here given.

"The first settler, a mile from York, was
old Balthazar Sp'angler; he took up a large
tract of land, (had four sons, the eldest,
George, came with his father from Germany,)
and built a small house tiis side the run. I
saw the ruins of it in my time, not far from
the Book Spring. His sons, George and
John, kept the land, Eudolph and (young)
Balthazer were in town. When William and
Eichard Penn laid out the town of York,

they were at the old house of Balthazer
Spangler, and gave to Mrs.Spiingler a pound
of tea to make for supper, and she, never hav-
ing seen tea before, took it for greens, and
put it all in a small kettle and boiled it with
bacon. At that time there were Indians
about, and came to Spiingler's for some
whisky. Spangler had a small still he
brought along from Germany. Next was old
Herbach. Esq. ; and out west of York,
Ebert, Eiehelberger, Michael Schmeiser, and
his brother Martin Schmeiser, and Mr. Hoch,
Fishel, Schank, Weler and Kuckes at the

" The first settlers in York, 1730 to 1755,
Jacob Billmyer, he was owner of one square
east, now Market Street. He had two sons,
Michael and Andrew. Michael was a printer
in Philadelphia. Next comes Mr. Maul; he
was owner of the land from the lower end of
Water Street, running to the east as far dis-
tant as Freystown. Old John Hay, Sr., was
married to his (Maul's) daughter and became
owner to all the land. Now comes George
Adam Gosler, Michael Daudel,old Mr. Hahn,
Mr. Schwab, David Candler, Mr. Stege,
Charles Barnitz, Revs. Eauss and Kurtz,
Charles Hartley, Maj. Clark, James Smith
(signer of the Declaration of Independence),
Peter Dinkel, Jacob Lottman. Conrad Leder-
man, George Lewis Leflier, Philip Kraeber,
Jacob Codex, Killian Schmall, Jacob Endler,
Peter Mundorff, (the first druggist), Abraham
Miiller, Herman, Funk,- Fackler, Wagner,
Grabill, AVeber, Gartman, — Moontz, Esq..
Fischer, Kuckis, Wampler, Rudisil, Baron
Von Biihlen and Joseph Schmidt. The old
est doctors in York were Eevs. Rouss and
Sensenig, old Drs. Jameson and Fahnestock.
and now in my time, (1795, on) John Rouss.
Pentz, Spangler, Morris, Thomas Jameson.
Kenada, Adams, Joseph Miiller, son of Lewis
Miiller, Sr.; Dr. Martin, Dr. McDonle and
Braks, he was a tailor by trade for a number
of years, and when old he practiced as a
doctor, a quaclsery, all of these doctors from
1794 till 1804-1809, so on till they died."

The old Lutheran preachers as far back as
1730 and 1743 were Eevs. J. S. Eouss and

Kurtz; after them Jacob GiJhring; in

1809 George Schmucker, then A. Lochman.
The first (Lutheran) church was of logs built.
The second was a rough stone building —
torn down in 1811 — stood fifty-three years.
The third is a large brick building — all on
the same lot of ground in George Street. The

mason work was done by Epley and

j Michael Enrich, and the carpenter work by
Peter Schmall.

"Old citizens of York in my time — Deatch :


Striebeg,Staal,Brictel,Brenize, Yans, Welsch-
hans, Laumeisters. Fiscliers. Koch, Scheib,
Kunz, Lenbart.Rothrock, Sehmuck and so on,
Rankin, he was a tory in 1776; his land was
confiscated by an Act for public use and sold;
one mile from town, at the mill. He disap-
peared and went to Canada. The men that
bought the land were George Barnitz, Con-
rad Lederman, Hahn, Funk,

Gbringer, Wagner, Capt. Albright,

Jameson, Pentz and James Kelley,


■'I saw three hung in York for murder. In
1805 Charles Cunningham, and in 1809


John Charles, a Creole from France, and a
woman, Elizabeth M., a mulattress, for poi-
soning her child; the last two at one time."
"In my time the Reformed Church in York
burned down, the poorhouse was built and
a stone bridge on Xorth George Street, and
afterward two wooden bridges at the same
place; each in its time, called Chicken bridge,
because, at the time of the great flood of
1817, a chicken coop with chickens in it
came down the Codoras and lodged there at

the old stone bridge, and a rooster got up on
top of the coop and crowed. That is the- -
way it got the name, ' Hinkle Briick.' "

The original drawing from which the above
likeness has been engraved, was made by
Loui himself, when he was in his eighty-
lirst year; and the picture of Conrad Leder-
man, given below, as a good specimen of an
old time Pennsylvanian German gentleman,
then (1804), as Loui labeled him, "the rich-
est man m York," has been engraved fi'om
an India ink sketch executed from memory,
by the same rude artist, some thirty years-

As a rustic poet and writer of popular
Pennsylvania German songs, Loui Miller had
few superiors. Following is his "Wagoner's
Song" of the olden time, when all surplus
farm jjroducts, no small part of which was
whisky, apple-jack, and peach brandy, since
almost every big farmer had his little distil-
lery where these popular and necessary bev-
erages were made, and which, together with
flour, clover, timothy and flaxseed, was from
this, and some other southeastern counties,
conveyed to the Baltimore market in Cones-
toga wagons drawn by four or five stalwart
horses driven by a'jolly teamster, usually the-
fai-mer himself, his oldest son or hireling.
The back- loading consisted of dry goods,
groceries, etc. , for the village or country
stores, and oysters and sweet potatoes mostly
for private use.


Nooch Baltimore geht unser Fuhr

jMit dem bedeckte Waage ;
Der Turnpike zeicht uns die Gesohpuur

Die Gaul sin gut beschlaage ;
En guter Schluck, Gliick zu der Reisz,
Der Dramm, der schteigt un fallt im Prei

So blooze die Posauner —

Hot, Schimmel, Hot ! ei, Brauner !

Mer fahre bis zum Blauen Ball,*

En Deutscher Wirt, e'n guter Schtall—

(Der Eirisch isch Schalk .Jauncr— )

Hot. Schimmel ! Hot, ei, Brauner !
Do schteht 'n Berg, dort ligl'n Dhaal,

Un's Zoll-haus. gegeniiwer :
Es singt en Lerch, es peift e'n Schtaar—

"Die Freiheit iscli uns liewer."

Es regert sehr, der Pelz wert nass—

Mer schteige uf der Waage,
Un ziege aus dem kleene Fasz,

Was taugt for unsere Maage ;
Seenscht net das, nau. schun schpreyer j

Mir bleiwe net da hinde ;
Un weer des Fuhrwerk recht ferschteht

Losst sich net lodisch finde.



Den Dramm, den, hen mer jetz ferkaaft,

Un's Gelt isch in de Tasche ;
Jetz fahre mir ferguiigt zu Haiis,

Un lere's in die Kasohte ;
E'n guter Schluck ! Gliick zu der Reisz !
Dei- Dramm, der schteigt un f allt im Preisz —

So bloose die Posauner —

Hot, Scliimmel ! Hot, ei, Brauner !

Jetz benmer scliun. e'n gute Loth

Fon alle sorte Waare,
Die Wolle mir, jetz. heemzus, graad,

Auf s Schmaale Eck hi falire
Der Puhrloh 'zaalt des Zehrgeld zriick
En guter Soliluck, zu allem Gliick —

Mir sin ke' Schalke Jauner !

Hot, Schimmel ! Hot, ei Brauner !

Loui Miller was a good man; honored and
respected by all who knew him. Though
physically of rather delicate and slender
frame, he lived along the good old way,
''mittel mas, die beste Strasz" far beyond
man's allotted period; and on September
15, 1882, after a brief illness, he fell asleep
In the arms of Him in whom was all his
trust. Peace, peace, to his ashes, for, "Staub
und Ashe must du werden wie der weise Sol-
omon. "


Not only were the original white settlers
•of our county Germans, but how well their
descendants, the Pennsylvania Germans, have
maintained their hold here, may be seen by a
glance at the names on the tax lists of what
are known as the German townships and the
two principal boroughs, York and Hanover.









Lower Windsor.



North Codorus. .




West Manchester.
West Manheim. . .





Showing an average of eighty- four per
cent of Pennsylvania German taxables in
these twenty-two townships (in 1883). Of the
remaining nine townships, Fairview, Hope
well, Monaghan, Newberry and Warring-
ton, also have each a very large per centage of '
Pennsylvania German names. In the remain-
ing four, viz. : Fawn, Peachbottom, Chance-
ford and Lower Ghanceford, the prevailing
ancestral nationalities are Scotch Irish and
Welsh ; notably so in Peachbottom.



In the borough of York,* the total number
of taxables for the same year was 4, 369. Of
these the names of 3,368. or seventy -seven per
centum of the whole plainly indicate a Ger-
man ancestry. In the borough of Hanover
the total number of taxables for the same
year was 83'2, and the names of 694, or eighty-
three per cent 3f the whole, just as plainly
indicate a similar ancestral nationality. A
fair estimate, based upon these facts, places
the Pennsylvania German population of York
County at not less than seventy per centum
of the whole. By this is, of course, not
meant that proportion of persons who speak,
or even can speak the dialect, but of those
whose surnames show a German descent.
By these, such are meant as Abel, Achey,
Ackerman, Ahl, Bachman, Bahn, Bierman,
Chrischt, Christman, Cramer, Danner, Del-
linger, Dubs, Doll, Ebert, Ebersol, Eichel-
berger, Frey, Fritz, Fackler, Fahhs, Fischer,
Forney, Gehring, Gartman, Gerhart, Glass -
brenner. Geis, Giesy, Hantz, Heckert, Hoif-
man, H&rrbach. Hiestand, Herman, Hess,
Hass, Hoch (Hoke), Hartman, Harnisch, Heil-
man. Ickes, Ilgenfritz, Immel, Jost, Jacobs,
Kahn, Kitzmiller, Kunz, Kiefer (Keefer)
Kohler, Koller, Kraber, Kreider (Crider),
Landes. Lehman (Lehmy), Lehmayer, Lau-
man, Laucks Lauck, Lederman, Lichtner
(Lightner), Lichtenberger, Mann, Mardi
(Martin), Mack. Mayer, Meyer, Maisch, Mor-
genstirn (Morningstar). Nagler, (Naylor),
Nagel. Neff, Nes. Nehs, Obermiller, Oswald,
Opp (Upp), Opdegraff, Oberholzer, Papst,
Paff, Pentz, Peififer, Pifterling, Quickel, Ea-
benstein, Rather, Rieling, Rohrbach, Roland,
Rudi, Rauseh, Ranch, Sabel, Saurbier,
Schmidt, Schmeiser (Smyser), Schmahl,
Schmall (Small), Schnell. Schreiner, Steiner
(Stoner), Stick, Stickel, Schwartz (Swartz),
Schlonaker, Siegel, Seyfert, Scherer
(Shearer), Schatzberger, Spiingler. Thoephel,
Tasch, Thoman, Umberger, Uhler, Ulrich,
Utz, Vogel, Vogelsang (Fogelsong), Wanz
(Wantz), Warner, AVelsch (Welsh), Werner,
Wanner, Wagner, Weiser, Witman, Witmer,
Weil, (" Siimmi"), Wilt, Weyer, Jung
(Young), Zabel, Zartman, Zech, Ziegler,
Zimmerman, Ziegel, etc., etc. In every case
of doubt, the name has been omitted from
the list of Pennsylvania Germans. But it is
not alone in the tax-lists that a large propor-
tion of their names is found. Whether we
consult those of the State executives. National
or State Legislators, the judiciary, the learned
professions, the militia, the records of the

centum are of German descent, and "of these about the ;
proportion are Pennsylvania Germans.

church, or the monumental inscriptions in a
thousand graveyards, the result is the same.
Among the governors were Simon Snyder,
Joseph Hiester, John Andrew Shulze, George
Wolfe, Joseph Ritner, Francis R. Shunk,
and John F. Hartranft.


Senators: Albert Gallatin of Fayette
County, (a native Swiss, who was elected in

1793, but was decided ineligible in February,

1794, " on the grovind that he had not been
nine years a legally naturalized citizen," but
became secretaryof the treasury under Presi-
dent Jefferson, in 1801, "a post which he-
held for a number of years with pre-emi-
nent ability"). Peter Muhlenberg, of Berks
County, and Michael Leib of County.

In Congress: Charles A. Barnitz, Adam
King, Dr. Henry Nes, Daniel Scheffer, Joel
B. Danner, W. H. Kurtz, Dr. John A. Ahl,
Adam J. Glasbrenuer, Col. L. Maisch and
Dr. John Swope, from our own district.

From other Districts: Albright (Al-
brecht), Bachman, Beltzhoover, Bibighaus,
Boyer, Brumm, Bucher, Conrad, Eckmt,
Erdman, Everhart (Eberhart), Friedly,,
Frey, Gloninger, Gottschalk, Gross, Halde-
man, Halm, Hibschman, Horn, Hostetter,
Hubley, Killinger, Klingenschmidt, Klotz,
Koontz, Kremer, Kuhn. Kunkel, Lehman,
Longeuecker, Schallenberger, Schumacher,
Snyder, Spangler, Strohm, Strausz, Wolf. The'
total number of congressmem from Pennsylva-
nia, is say, 530, of whom 69, or 13 per cent, were
either Pennsylvania Germans, or persons of
German descent. One of the sixty-nine
rej)resentatives, Hon. Henry A. Muhlenberg,
resigned his seat in February, 1838, and
accepted the tirst mission — Minister Plenepo-
tentiary — to Austria ; and another, Albert
Gallatin, as we have seen, became a most
distinguished cabinet officer. Frederick Au-
gustus Muhlenberg, another, was speaker of
the First Congress 1789-91 ; and of the
Third Congress, 1793-95.

Postmasters: Among the thirty post-
masters in commission in l834r-35 in York
County, fourteen were Pennsylvania Ger-
mans, namely : Martin Scherer, Codorus ;
Peter Dessenberger, Day's Landing ; G. L.
Scheerer, Dillsburg ; B. Melchinger, Dover ;
Martin Carl, Franklin Town ; William Snod-
grass, farmers ; (Snodgrass is not a P. G.
name, but the family spoke the dialect) Peter
Miiller, Hanover ; Samuel Keyser, Logau-
ville ; J. T. Ubil, Manchester ; Abraham
Bletcher, Pigeon Hill ; Michael Wollet,
Rossville ; Philip Folcomer , Shrewsbury .
Gustavus Wolfram, AVolfram's ; Daniel


Schmall, York. Of the seventeen appointed
for the borough of York (including Daniel
Schmall) there were ten Pennsylvania Ger-
mans, namely : Jacob Spangler, Peter
Spangler, Peter Schmall, Daniel Schmall,
David Schmall, George I^pp, and Alex-
ander J. Frey, James Kell, the present
incumbent, also speaks the dialect, as
already stated.

Among our State Legislators we find the
following Pennsylvania German names:

Senators — Glatz, Welsh, Stutzman, Beck,
Billingfelt, Linderman, Bosler, Rupert, Al-
bright, Mumma, Strang, Heilman, Lamon,
Dunkel, Grouse, Herr, Scheimer, Bechtel,
Newmeyer, Ermentrout, Boyer, Yutzy,Engle-
man, Everhart, Holben, Keefer, Meily, Royer,
Kauffman, Gross, Schnatterly, Stehman,Hess,
Selheimer, Wagner, and Longenecker. The
whole number of State Senators from 1852 to
188-1, inclusive, was 370, of whom seventy-
five, or 20 per cent (as their surnames indi-
cate) were of German descent.

Assemblymen — Mechling, Rhoads, Harner,
Kurtz, Deise, Pennypacker (originally, Pfan-
nebecker), Seller, Hoffman, Kimmell, Steh-
man, Roath, Meily, Kline (Klein), Fogel
(Vogel), Wingard, Roush (Rausch), Schuman,
Stumbaugh, Maisch, Kleckner, Heltzel, Beck-
ert, Hottenstein, Brobst, Deise, Bergtresser,
Gottschalk, Beinoehl, Heilman, Creitz,
Lawsche (Lausche), Eschbach, Kase, Snively
(Schnebli), Winger, Bomberger, Bowman,
Brunges, Burkholder, Conrad, Fetter, Flee-
ger (Pflieger), Greenewalt, Guss, Herrold,
Hunsecker, Keffer, Koons, Laber, Lether-
man, Mickey. Morris (Moritz), Schminkey,
Schwartz, Schuler, Uhler. Woolever, Dry,
Hegeman, Miihlenberg, Tschudy, Steckel,
Stier, Ammernan, Wolfe, Greenewalt, Heiges,
Loucks, Hildebrand, Christy, Gerwig, Kist-
ler, Fortenbaugh, Scheibley, Hetrick, Kim-
mell, Rutter, Snyder, Fagen, Petroff, Fred-
ericks, Stable, Geiselman, Seidel, Zern,
Graff, VVendt, Keyser. Wanner, Batdorf,
Achenbach, Nisley, Embich, Leerow, Rosen-
milier, Summi, Hoffer, Hostetter, Reighard,
Steck, Shouk (Schauk), Fincher, Knipe,
Stotzer, Reutter, Hollenbeek, Laudenslager,
Losch, Schoch, Falkenbury, Myers, Anstine,
Bakeoven (Baekofen), Geiselman, "Wimmer,
Deyerman, Schull, Schantz. Jacoby, Kocher-
sperger, Schaefer, Schell, Kramer, Engle-

Online LibraryJohn GibsonHistory of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present → online text (page 50 of 218)