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History of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present online

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orus, York County: graduated Washington
University, Md., February 20, 1873.



G. W. Bahn, Spring Grove, born in York
County; graduated University of Maryland,
March 3, 1881.

F. C. Overmiller, Glatfelters, born in Lo-
ganville, York County; graduated University
of New York.

G. W. Seachman, Windsorville, born
in York County; graduated at University of
Pennsylvania, February 26, 1866.

Jonas Deisinger, Hellam, born in York
County; graduated at University of Penn-
sylvania, March 14, 1867.

H. A. Zeigler, born in York County; grad-
uated at University of Maryland, March 1,
1870.

J. S. Zeigler, born in Carroll County, Md. ;
graduated at University of Maryland, March
1. 1871.

H. S. Keller, Glenville, born in York
County; graduated at Hahnemann Medical
College, March 10, 1871.

J. B. Kain, Manchester, born in York
County; graduated at Jefferson Medical Col-
lege, March 13, 1871.

John D. Keller, Glenville, born in York
County; graduated at Hahnemann Medical
College, March 6, 1874.

E. R. Albaugh, Glenville, born in York
County; graduated at College of Physicians
and Surgeons, Baltimore, February 26, 1875.

P. D. Baker, Carroll Township, born in
York County; graduated at University of
Pennsylvania, March 12, 1874.

Henry Nes, York, born in York; graduated
at Jefferson Medical College, March 12,
1779.

James C. May, Manchester, born in York
County; graduated at Jefferson Medical Col-
lege, March 12, 1871.

C. G. Hildebrand, Winterstown, born in
York County; graduated at College of Phy-
sicians and Surgeons, Baltimore, March 1,
1881.

Charles Overmiller, Glatfellers, born in
York County; graduated at University of
City of New York, March 9, 1882.

E. W. Brickley,York, born in York; grad-
uated at Hahnemann Medical College, March
13, 1883.

J. O. Hoffman, Washington Township,
born in York County; graduated at Univer-
sity of Michigan, June 28, 1883.

George E. Holtzapple, York, born in York
County; graduated at Bellevue Hospital Med-
ical College, March 13, 188-4.

All these are living and the great majority
are in successful practice. But the local
■ reader will readily recall the honored names
of some who have passed away within a com-
paratively few years; notably the venerable



THE PENNSYLVAXIA GERMANS.



24T



Dr. Jacob Hay, and his worthy and esti-
mable son, John; alsoDrs. T. N.Haller, John
r. Fischer and William Johnson.

In each of the other counties named there
were, and still are, ecpally honored and dis-
tinguished Pennsylvania Germans in the
medical profession.

In Adams: the Hubers, Swopes, Peiffers,
Humbanghs and others.

In Berks, the Ottos, Hiesters, Luthers,
Mlihlenbergs, Smiths, Beavers, Rhoads,
Weidmans and Landises.

In Dauphin: the Wiestlings, Orths, Wit-
mans, Weidmans, Ehoads, Landis, and Um-
bergers.

In Franklin: the Senseneys, Fahnestocks,
Siisserotts, Franzes, Strieklers, Flickengers,
and Sniveleys.

In Lancaster: the Mlihlenbergs, Winters,
Weidlers, Carpenters (originally Zimmer-
man), W^elschhans, Ehlers, Buscbongs, Zieg-
lers, Belemins, Rolands, Rohrers, Musser,
Bruners, Brobsts, Dunlaps, and Herrs.

In Lebanon: theGloningers. Lineweavers,
Misches, Schencks, Weisses, and others.

In Lehigh: the Martins, Dickensohieds,
Schulzes, Romigs, Herbsts, Freytags, Yoders,
Hasslers, Lichtenwallers, and many others.
And others there were and still are, whose
fame is not merely local, but national, yea,
world-wide, notably the late eminent physi-
cian, surgeon, lecturer and author. Prof. Sam-
uel Gross, of Philadelphia, and the renowned
Dr. Joseph Leidy, professor in the recently
established but flourishing School of Biology
connected with the University of Pennsylva-
nia in that city.

Teachers: For the year 1884-85, the num-
ber of teachers in the public schools of the
county, exclusive of the borough of Yorks is
about 387; and a careful examination of the
list shows that at least 254. or 64 per cent
of that number, are persons of Pennsylvania,
German descent. Excluding all names,
the spelling of which does not clearly show
this, the following are examples of such as
are included in the estimate: Alleman, Ans-
tine (originally Einstein), Bahn, Bupp (orig-
inally Bob), Brenneman, Bockel. Coppen-
heaver (originally Koppenhefer), Craumer
(originally Kramer). Dietz. Decker, Dubs,
Ehrhart, Ernst, Fackler, Frankinberger,
Fahs, Frey, Grau. Gross, Glatfelter, Hart-
man, Hess, Herman. Tvauffman, Ketteman,
Kalkman, Lehman. Lehmer, Lehr, Messerly,
Meyer, Moul (Maul), Noss, Nace, Oberdier,
Plymire, Quickel. Rorbaugh, Rauhouser, Reb-
man, Steiner, Smyser, Schenck, Trimmer,
Throne, Waltersdorff, Weiser, Wantz, Young
and Ziegler.



Of the P. G.'s there are three of five in
Carroll Township; four of sixteen in Chance-
ford; two of twelve in Lower Chance-
ford ; twelve (at least), of thirteen in Co-
doras ; twelve out of one dozen in North
Codorus; nine, all there are in Conewago ;
two, all there are in Dallastown ; Delta,
none ; Dover, ten of fifteen ; Dover Borough,
two, all there are ; East Prospect one, and the
only one ; Fawn Township, none ; Fawn
Grove, none ; Fairview, nine of fourteen :
Franklin, three of six ; Frankliutown, two,
and the only two ; Glen Rock, at least two
of three ; Goldsboro, at least one of two ;
Hanover, at least seven of nine ; Hellam, five
of seven ; Heidelberg, four, all there are ;
Hopewell, at least eleven of twenty- six ;
Jackson, at least sis of eight ; Jefferson
(borough), two all told ; Lewisberry, the same ;
Loganville, three of five ; Manchester Bor-
ough, two, all there are ; Manchester Town-,
ship, sixteen of seventeen ; West Manches-
ter, at least seven of eight ; Manheim, six,
all told ; West Manheim, five, all there are ;
Monaghan, three of five ; Newberry, at least
nine of fifteen ; New Salem, one, and the only
one ; New Freedom, one of two ; Penn.
seven of eight ; Peachbottom, of eleven,
none ; Paradise, six of seven ; Railroad
(borough), one, doubtfal ; Red Lion, one, and
the only one ; Shrewsbury, seven of thir-
teen ; Shrewsbury (borough), one of two ;
Springfield, nine of ten ; Spring Grove,
(borough) one of two ; Springgarden, at
least fourteen of twenty ; Stewartstown, only
one, doubtful ; Warrington, nine of ten ;
Washington, ten of eleven ; Winterstown,
one, doubtful ; Windsor, eight of foiu-teen ;
Lower Windsor, nine of fourteen ; Wrights-
ville, two of seven ; York Township, at least
nine of twelve ; Felton (independent), one
the only one, and Seven Valley, the same.

At the annual sessions of our Teachers'
Institute, these Pennsylvania German teach-
ers attend, and many of them actively par-
ticipate in the various exercises, acquitting
themselves, on the average, probably as well
as their brethren of other nationalities. The
analysis may serve as additional evidence
that twenty-one of the thirty-one township?
in the county, besides several of the boroughs,
are almost thorougly Pennsylvania German
in population.

Prof. R. K. Buehrle, superintendent of
public schools for the city of Lancaster,
in a recent lecture on this subject, delivered
in that city, among other things said :

"But are not the Pennsylvania Germans
behind, intellectually? Are they not rather
backward in the educating of their children?



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY.



The annual report of the superintendent of
public instruction roay throw some light on
this question. There are sixty-six counties,
excepting Philadelphia, and omitting Alle-
gheny, as containing the two large cities,
Pittsburgh and Allegheny, there remain only
sixty-five. The value of school property in
these counties is §20.566,739, while the Penn-
sylvania German counties, Berks, Lancaster,
Lehigh, Lebanon. Montgomery, Northamp-
ton and York alone report §4.681,844, or al-
most 23 per cent. One-eleventh of all the
counties report one-fifth of the value, and of
these our own Lancaster stands first with
$998,163, and Lehigh, little Lehigh, third.with
§809, 905, while Chester, arrogating to itself
the claim of having the Athens of Pensylva-
nia in its borders, reports but §614.517, and
is ninth in rank. And lest this shouJd be at-
tributed to size, here is Berks with §780,239.

"Of the teachers we have this to say: of
the 3,645 permanent cortiticates issued, 20
per cent belong to these counties, and here
again, our own county heads the list with ISO,
while literary Chester reports but ninety-
five. Even in the salaries of female teachers
we find that Pennsylvania German Lancaster
County pays an average of §37.68, while the
so-called Attica of Pennsylvania pays but
$35.63; and if she pays her male teachers
more, this is easily accounted for by the very
small number, only forty-three to Lancaster's
297, and their consequently holding only
higher and hence well-paid positions. Among
city superintendents we find Landis, Desh,
Foose, Nitrauer, Roth, Gotswals, Harpel and
Trauseau, surely a fair proportion, at least
24 per cent, while the county superintend-
ents are, perhaps, 21 per cent of the entire
number. The Pennsylvania German Second
Normal School District first established its
State Normal School, which is still the larg-
est in attendance, and so well managed and
supported as never to have been in danger
of being sold by the sheriff, as were many
of the others. Pennsylvania German Lan-
caster County, was twelve years ahead of
Chester, its neighbor, in this matter of estab-
lishing its Normal School; and all the coun-
ties composed largely of that element have
established and maintained such schools, as
witness Millersville and Kutztown, while the
fourth and the eleventh, not Pennsylvania
German districts, are still waiting."

The Clergy: Among Pennsylvania Ger-
man clergymen of greater or less distinction
may be named Arndt, Aurand, Apple
(Apfel), Berg, Bomberger (Baumberger),
Baugher (Bager), Dubs, Deininger, Enders,
Fischer, Fastnacht, Geistweit, Glessner,



Giihring, Gottwalt, Harbaugh (Herbach),
Hay, Helfenstein, Heiner, Hibschman, Hut-
ter. Jacobs. Krauth, Kurtz. Kohler. Keller,
Lochman, Mayer, Menges, Miller, Miihlen-
berg, Morris (Moritz). Eauch, Rauhauser
(late of Franklin County), Reber, Rothrauf,
Rothrock, Schmucker, Schneck, Schmidt,
Sprecher, Stahr, Stroh, Vanderschlot, Wag-
ner. Wedekind and Ziegler.

Militia: In the Revolutionary times, as
early as July, 1775, we find George Lewis
Loffler acting as clerk of the Committee of
Safety at a meeting of tlie committee and
the ofdcers of the militia companies of
York County, held at York. The committee
and oflicers divided the county (then includ-
ing what is now Adams) into five districts or
divisions, and as many battalions, and pro-
ceeded to elect field officers. Michael Schwope
was chosen one of the majors of the first
battalion; Henry Schlagle, lieutenant-colonel
of the second, and Gerhard Graef, one of
the majors of the fifth battalion. On the 2d
of August, following, Michael Schwope com-
municated these proceedings at large to the
Committee of Safety, at Philadelphia, and
urged the speedy forwarding of the respect-
ive commissions. On the 14Dh of September, of
the same year, an address was signed and
sent by seventeen gentlemen, members of
one or other of these battalions, to the same
committee on the same subject, setting forth,
among other things, that each of the battal-
ions then consisted of at least 500 men, and
the whole number of " Associators," whose
names had been received by the committee, was
3,349. Among the names appended to this
address, are those of George Eichelberger,
Baltzer Sprugler (Spangler, it doubtless
should be), Martin Eichelberger, Michael
Schmyser, Nicholas Buttinger (Bittinger),
Philip Albright (Albrecht), Daniel Messor-
ly, and John Hay.

Under date of York Town, February 3,
1776, we find the follovying condensed, but
patriotic little communication to the State
Committee of Safety.

Gentlemen:

The want of Locks and Barrels for making the
Public Arms, Brass and other Materials Scarce, the
Demand for Rifles great, and the price of Muskets
but Small, in the opinion of Gun Smiths, with other
Reasons, have mueh Retarded the maliing of the Pub-
lic Arms, at length the greater part of them are got
to work ; many Arms in a fairway of being Finished.
Labor has been Done and Arms finished to the
amount of the Sum sent us by you and upwards ;
the whole Money you have sent us we have paid to
the workmen, and demands are daily increasing on
us. We are very Senceable that from present appli-
cations it will be absolutely necessary that a further
Sum be Ready for the workmen, and hope you will
send the sum of £300 or upward to us by Mr.



THE PENNSYLVANIA GERMANS.



8woope.(Miclmel Swope) We shall carefully lay out^
the same for the Public Service.
We Remain. Gentlemen.

Your Humble Servants,
Henry Tyson, )
Jno. Mickle. -Commissioners.
Michael Hahn. \
Directed— To the Committee of Safety in Phila-
delphia.

W favor of Thomas Hartley, Esq.
If this was the production of either, (or
all) of the three commissioners whose names
are signed to it, or, of any other Pennsyl-
vania German layman, it is, altogether,
highly creditable, even in a literary sense.
If, however, as is most likely, it was the
production of Thomas Hartley, Esq., prob-
ably their legal counsellor at the time, it
shows that his belles-lettres was unequal to
his patriotism.

Among our Pennsylvania German Revolu-
tionary soldiers were Ensign Henry Miller,
Capt. Hartman Deutsch, Lieut. Philip Entler
and Ensign Luke Rause, Maj. Michael
Schwope, Ensign Christopher Lauman, Lieut.
John Hay; Sergeants Paul Metzgar, Henry
Walter and John Schulz; Capt. Michael Hahu,
Lieuts. Balthaser Spengler and Michael Bill-
myer, and Ensign George M. Spengler, Lieut.
Christian Stake, Capt. Rudolph Spengler,
Capt. Michael Doudel, Major Lewis Busch,
Lieut. Jacob Stake, Col. Henry Schlegel,
Capt. Michael Schmeiser, Capt. Gerhardt

Graeff, Lieut Kauifman, Capt. Jacob

Drift, Lieut. Baymiller, Ensign Jacob

Mayer, Lieut. Jacob Holtzinger, Ensign
Jacob Barnitz, Lieut. Joseph Welsch, Capt.

Bittinger, Sergeant Peter Haak, John

Strohman, Christian Strohman, Henry HofF,
Joseph Updegraff (Ob den Graef), Daniel
Miller, Henry Schulze, and Capt. Yost Her-
baeh. It will be observed that those named
were nearly all officers, and of about one hun-
drednames given in Carter and Glassbrenner's
History, thirfy-tive, at least, were Pennsyl-
vania Germans; and of a list of forty-one
York County Revolutionary pensioners, given
by the same authors, at least twenty were
such.

Of ninety- seven oflficers and privates com-
posing the company of "York Volunteers"
which marched to the defense of Baltimore
in the war of 1812, under the command of
the gallant Michael H. Spangler. were no less
than fifty-two Pennsylvania Germans, and in
the brave little band of nine volunteers who
went from York and fought their way from
Vera Cruz to the city of Mexico, there were
seven.

I7i the War for the Union: In the Eighty-
seventh Regiment, Infantry, Pennsylvania
Volunteers, organized at York, from Septem-



ber 1 to 25, 1861, and which took part in
the battles of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania,
Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Monocacy, Ope-
quan, Fisher's Hill, and Cedar Creek: Col.
George Hay, who was honorably discharged,
May 8, 1863. Lieut.-Col. John W. Schall;
Lieut.-Col. James A. Stahle; Maj. Noah G.
Ruhl; Adjt. G. C. Stromau; Adjt. W. C.
Waldman; Chaplain, D. C. Eberhart; Capt.
John Fahs; Lieut. Jacob Hay, Jr.; Lieut.
John F. Spangler (who died of wounds),
Lieut. William Bierbower; Capt. Lewis
Maish; Lieut. John Crull, Lieut. Henry
Epley; Capt. Isaac Wagner; Capt. Jonathan
S. Keesey; Lieut. C. H. Stallman; Lieut.
Henry Waltemeyer (killed June 9, 1864);
Capt. James H. Blasser; Capt. Edgar M.
Ruhl; Capt. Benjamin D. Dull; Capt. An-
drew G. Schull; Capt. J. R. Anamaker;
Lieut. George Blasser; Lieut. W. H. Welsh;
Lieut. Joseph F. Welsh; Lieut. Henry Seitz;
Lieut. Samuel W. Keesey (died of wounds);
Lieut. Henry Stine; Capt. Solomon Myers;
Capt. Charles J. Fox: Lieut. William F.Frank;
Lieut. Alexander Strickler; Lieut. Peter
Nickle (killed in battle of Petersburg); Isaac
J. Simmons; Capt. V. C. S. Eckert: Capt.
Henry Morningstar; R. S. Harman; Capt.
Philip Gentzler; Lieut. Daniel P. Dietrich;
Lieut. M. S. Slothour (killed in battle at
Bunker Hill, Va. ), Capt. John Albright;
Lieut. Charles F. Haack (killed in battle at
Monocacy, July 9, 1864); Lieut. C. P. Stro
man.

One Hundred and Thirtieth Regiment,
Infantry, Pennsylvania Volunteers: Col.
Henry J. Zinn (Cumberland County, killed
in battle of Fredericksburg, Va.), Col. Levi
Maish, Capt. H. A. Glessner, Lieut. Henry
Reisioger, Lieut. William G. Bossier, Capt.
Lewis Small, Capt. David Z. Sipe, Lieut.
John P. Frick. These, with one exception,
were from York County; their names indi-
cate their German descent. Besides these
there were hundreds of others, officers and pri-
vates, of the same patriotic blood, from other
parts of the commonwealth, many of whom
fell iu battle or died of wounds, or disease
contracted in the service of their country;
and still others who joined regiments organ-
ized at Philadelphia and other parts of the
state. Prominent among these was Capt. L.
H. Greenewalt, who enlisted as a private in
Company B, Twelfth Regiment Pennsylva-
nia Cavalry, in December, 1861, and served
with the regiment until February, 1863, when
he was detached by Gen. Milroy as chief
of scouts for the Army of the Shenandoah.
In January, 1864, he was, at his own request,
relieved of that command, and commissioned



250



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY.



and mustered in as captain of Company M,
First Maryland. P. H. B. Cavalry, in which
he served until the close of the war.

In the Soldiers' National Cemetery at Get-
tysburg rest the honored remains of many a
brave Pennsylvania Grerman, side by side
with thousands from other states and of va-
rious nationalities: and doubtless many a
heoric German among the hosts of the "un-
known." Among the class iirst named are
the following, who fell either as Pennsylva-
nia Volunteers or members of the Eeserve
Corps, viz.: J. J. Finnefrock, Samuel Finne-
frock, Corp. J. Gutelius, William H. Har-
man, C. Herbster, Franklin Myers, G. Deis-
roth. Nelson Reaser. Robert Lesher. W. Lin-
inger, John Kunkel. John Weidner, Absa
lorn Link. ^Villiam H. Knichenbecher, Sergi
■^nderfeer, A. Bellinger, Benjamin Hassi-
ler. G. W. Stalker. T. P. Swoop, John
Eeimel, George Seip, Fritz Smittle, Emil
Preifer, Corp. W. H. Myers. D. A. Ammer-
' -man, Peter 'Hilt, Frederick Heinley. Corp.
B. F. Ulrich, Jacob Mauch, William S.
Stamm, Samuel Kramer. Solomon Shirk. H.
M. Kinsel, George Dunkenetield, David
Stainbrook (Steinbruch), D. Bomgardner,
Sergt. J. Myers, Gid. F. Borger, Gottfried
Hamman, First Lieut. Keimpel. John Henei-
son, E.Berlin, J. Kleppiuger, William Strauss,
Jacob Frey, Frederick Schoner, George
Herpick, Corp. William Schultz. Jacob
Keirsch, John Kramer. Ceorge Mover. A. J.
Bittinger, Samuel Zeckman, Sergt. Robert
Sensenmyer, Henry W. Beegel, John Metz,
S. N. Warner, I. Beider. Mayer Sorber,
Joseph Werst, John Boyer, Jacob Christ,
Anton Frank, Jacob Zimmerman, J. Stroble,
Wcndel Dorn, William Vosberg,"A. K. Cool-
bangh (Kuhlbach), S. Brookmeyer, John Za-
well, Corp. Samuel Fitzinger," H. C. Tafel,
and A. F. Strock, (75.)

Among those of whose bravery, fidelity and
devotion special mention is made by Adjt.
Gen. Russell in his annual report (186(5,
pp.7-S,) are Zentmeyer of the Fifth Reserves,
Strauss of the Forty- sixth, Brenholtz of the
Fiftieth, Schall of 'the Fifty-first, Culp of
the Fifty-seventh, Tochudy of the Sixty-ninth,
Koltes of the Seventy-third, Mahler of the
Seventy-fifth, Naghel of the Eighty-third,
Kohlerof the Ninety-eighth, Greenewalt of the
One Hundred and Fifth, Ziegle and Forney of
the One Hundred and Seventh, Steinbruch of
the One Hundred and Ninth, Zinn of the One
Hundred and Thirtieth, Snyder of the One
Hundred and Thirty-ninth, Rosengarten of
the Fifteenth Cavalry, and Knoderer of the
One Hundred and Sixty-seventh.

"To this roll of honor," he says, "might



be added the long list of line ofScers, and
the still longer list of patriotic private
soldiers, who contributed their lives a sacrifice
to sustain the same noble cause. What sub-
stantial consideration can be too great, what
manifestations of gratitude too liberal, on the
part of their surviving countrymen, toward
the families of those who fell in their behalf,
and died, not only to save their government,
but to protect their homes and hearth-stones
from the pollution of the ruthless invader?"
In our neighboring counties, the result of
investigation and research is substantially
the same. In Adams, originally a part of
York (for want of a civil list, or separate
local history, a complete analysis of its
German Penn. population, etc., cannot be
made) the German element never has been so
strong as in those counties embracing richer
soils. A quiet, honest rural life, freedom from
debt, a good farm, or at least a good comfort-
able Christian home of his own, have ever
been about the sum total of the average Penn-
sylvania German's ambition. A glance, how-
ever, at a tax list, a panel of jurors, or of her
principal county officers, within even the last
ten years, indicates a very considerable Ger-
man population in Adams county. And, as in
York and other eastern, and northeastern
counties, it will be found that the names,
with the exception of slight modifications in j
spelling, correspond with those of the original ,'
settlers of what was then Lancaster county. '
Thus we find Achenbach, Buehler, Beitler, jj
Chritzman, Danner, Eichholtz, Fickes, Geyer, ^^
Gerloch, Hollinger. Ickes, Kitzmiller, Little, |
Meyer, Neiman,Oberho]tzer, Peiifer, Rauzahn, 1
Schmeiser, Schwob, Spengler, Troxel, Utz, ]
Weldi, Yingling, and Ziegh^r. The territory
now Adams county, though originally settled
chiefly by Scotch-Irish, is now, and has for a
long time been, the home of many very
worthy Pennsylvania German families. Mr. ■
Day in his valuable Historical Collections
(1843), says, "The German population now
so large in the county, and which threatens
soon to outnumber the Scotch-Irish, came in
at a much later date — probably about the
close of the last century. As late as the year
1790, the inhabitants of all these townships
were obliged to go to York postoffice for their
letters, twenty-five or thirty miles. In an old
York newspaper of that date, there is an ad-
vertisement of letters remaining in the
office ; and it is remarkable that nearly all the
names from that region, now Adams county,
are Scotch and Irish, the McPhersons,
McLellans and all the Macs; the Campbells,
Allisons, Wilsons, Morrisons, Worrells etc.,
etc. — while a German name seldom occurs."



THE PENJTSYLVANIA GERMANS.



251



AmoDfjf "facts gathered from aged citizens of
the vicinity" he mentions that Capt.
Nicholas Bittinger died in Adams County, in
1804, aged seventy-eight. He was one of
the first who took up arms in the war of the
Revolution. He was taken prisoner lighting
at the head of his column, at Fort Washing-
ton. He endured a tedious captivity and
hard treatment, which induced the com-
plaint that terminated his life."

Capt. Nicholas Bittinger was a son of
Adam Bedinger, or Beedinger (as the name
was originally written), who emigrated from
Alsace in the year 1736, and landed with his
family at Philadelphia, settled at Lancaster,
but afterward removed to York. His son,
Nicholas, was also a member of the Commit-
tee of Safety for York County iu 1775. He
then resided on Great Conewago Creek, in
Menallen Township. That there were other
early German settlers in those parts appears
from many old title papers, e. g., a deed from
John Schauman to Adam Beetinger (Bittin-
ger), dated May 7, 1753, for a tract of land
situated on the Carlisle turnpike, three miles
northwest of Hanover, York County. On
the death of Adam Bittinger, this farm (of
190 acres) became, by proceedings in the
Orphan's Court, vested in his eldest son,
Nicholas, who also became the owner of nu-
merous other plantations in York, and the
then adjoining county of Franklin. His
remains lie buried in the Lutheran Cemetery
at Abbottstown, Adams County. Henry Bit-
tinger, a venerable citizen of Hanover, now
in his eighty-eighth year, and father of John
W. Bittinger, Esq., of the York bar, is a great
grandson of Adam, and grandson of the
brave Capt. Nicholas Bittinger.

It was through the influence, intelligence,



Online LibraryJohn GibsonHistory of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present → online text (page 52 of 218)