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History of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present online

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monthly meeting.)

At Warrington monthly meeting, 1-8-1785: Our
friend, Ruth Kirk, in a solid manner, expressed a
concern that hath for some time attended her mind
to attend a little meeting of Friends in Fawn Town-
ship, and to visit the families belonging to it. And
our friend, Hannah Willis, having expressed a free-
dom to go with her, which, being considered in this
meeting, there appeared a uniting therewith, and
Joseph Updergraif appointed to accompany them
therein.

The Fawn meeting-house is located in the
village of Fawn Grove, in Fawn Township.
Recently a new house of worship was erected.
First day and fourth day meetings are regu-
larly held and a regular organization kept up.

EARLY MARKIAGES OF FRIENDS IN YORK COUNTY.

According to the custom of the Society,
the marriage ceremony is always performed



at a public meeting, and the certificate of
marriage signed by the members and others
present, as witnesses. The following is a list
of a few of the first marriages in York
County:

Robert Hodgin, of Manchester, in the County of
Lancaster, carpenter, and Theodate Seal, widow of
Joseph Seal, were married 5-29-1740. nt a meet-



ing at John Day's 1
following witnesses:'
Rebecca Bennett,
Hannah Fincher,
Mary Cox,
Rebecca Cox,
Esther Davis,
Anne Garratson,
Martha Garratson,
Sarah McAnabley,
Elizabeth Price,
Margrett Carson,
James Clemson,
Francis Fincher,
Joseph Bennett,
William Garretson,
Joseph Garretson,
William Griffith,
James Moore,
Tliomas Riley,
Jacob Youngblood,
William Baley,
James Baley,

James Frazer, of Manchester Township, in Lan-
caster County, and Rebeckah Cox, daughter of
Thomas Cox,' of Manchester, were married 8-23-
1740, "in a Public and Solemn assembly of ye
aforesaid people, and others mett together at ye
house of William Garretson, in Manchester, in ye
County of Lancaster." Witnesses:
Eleazer Mires, Thomas Cox,



i in Manchester, with the

Anne Hussey,
Nathan Hussey,
John Hussey,
Christopher Hussey,
Content Garretson,
* Ann Day,
John Day,
Thomas Fioland.
Peter Worrall,
Thomas Cox,
John Noblet,
Ann Noblet,
Ann Hussey,
Margret Hussey,
John Garretson,
William Cocks,
Samuel Cocks.
John Baley,
James Ashton,
Charles McAhele,
Patrick Carson,



Joseph Garretson,
Joshua Kenworthy,
Francis Fincher,
Edward Mullenaex,
William Griffith,
Andrew Rogers,
Christopher Hussey,
John Garretson,
Joseph Bennet,
John Earl,
Samuel Underwood,
John Nohlett,
Charles Phillips,
William Garretson,
Daniel Early,
George Alford,
Ann Cox,



Alexander Fraizer,
Mary Cooks,
Alexander Frazer,
Isaac Cox,
John Cox,
Rebeckah Bennett,
John Fincher,
Jane Fincher,
Nathan Hussey.
Mary Cox,
Ann Noblet,
Content Garretson,
Theodate Hodgin,
Mary Craig,
Anne Waakln,
Esther Garretson.
Rebecca Rogers,



Thomas Davison, of Warrington, in the County
of Lancasler, blacksmith, and Sarah Eliot,'daughter —
of Sarah Farmer, of Manchester, spinster, were
married 9-9-1743, at a publick meeting house in
Manchester.! Witnesses: j

Jane Carson, " >lj

Anne Day, I

Mary Carson, 1

John Davison, '

Sarah Farmer,
Benjamin Eliot,
Jacob Eliot,
John Farmer,
John Day.



Joseph Bennett,
John Noblitt,
Patrick Carson,
Thomas Leech,
Peter Stout,
Anne Hussey,
Content Garretson,
Theodate Hodgin,
Rebecca Bennett,



*It has always been the custom for parents and :
es to sign on the right hand of the certificate, i
aaes of the persons married,

fit was in what is now Newberry Township.



rela-



FRIENDS OR QUAKERS.



Alexander Fraizer, of Pennsbury (now In Fair-
view Townsliip), in Lancaster County, yeoman, and

^JPhehe Eliot, of Manchester, were married 10-10-
1743, at a publick meeting house, in Manchester.
Witnesses;

Joseph Bennett, Rebecca Fraizer,

Nathan Hussey, James Fraizer,

John Day, Isaac Eliot,

William Garretson, Benjamin Eliot,

Thomas Leech, Jacob Eliot,

Edward Mullenax. Abraham Eliot,

_^ Patricli Carson, Rebeckah Bennett,

James Bennett, Content Garretson,

Edmond Fitzizaurice, Neoma Garretson,
John Noblett. Martha Garretson,

John Garretson, Susannah Mills,

Mary Garretson, Cathern Eliot,

Sarah Davison, Jane Carson,

Mary Carson.
Moses Key, of Newberry, in the County of Lan-
caster, labourer, and Susannah Mills, of the same
township, spinster, were married 3-33-1744, at a
publick meeting house in Newberry. Witnesses:

. Rebecca Bennett, Joseph Bennett,

Ann Hussey, Patrick Carson,

Content Garretson, William Bennett,

Jane Carson, Isaac Bennett,

Susannah Hussey, Nathan Hussey, Jr,.

Nathan Hussey, John Dav, Jr.,

John Day, Robert Mills, Jr.,

John Garretson, Robert Mills,

Mary Mills.
Joseph Garretson. of Warrington Township — yeo-
man, and Mary Mills, of Newberry, were married
7-2.5-1745, at Newberry meeting house. Wit-
nesses;

Jonas Chamberlin, Robert Mills,

John Earl, Nathan Hussey,

Thomas Cook, John Garretson,

Robert Hodgen, William Garretson,

Calvin Cooper, Christopher Hussey,

■ Thomas Prowell, John Day,

Andrew Moore, Nathan Hussey, Jr.,

John Noblit, Samuel Cox,

Francis Fincher, Susanna Hussey,

Hannah Fincher, Mary Cox,

Thomas Bulor, Elizabeth Willy,

Benjamin Eliot, Mary Hussey,

Patrick Carson, Sarah Bennett,

Joseph Key, Isaac Bennett,

John Day, Jr., Ann Day,

Sarah Mills, Sarah Cook,

William Bennett, Susanna Key,

Abram Noblit, Jane Carson, —

Isaac Cox, Moses Key,

Thomas Cox, William Cox,

Joseph Heald, Olive Underwood,

Martha Garretson, Jane Underwood,

Neomy Garretson. Joseph Bennett,

Anne Hussey, Mary Carson,

Content Garretson, Mary Devison,

Mary Garretson, Pheby Frazer,

Rebecca Bennett, Sarah Farmer,

Margaret Stout.
Isaac Cox, son of Thomas Cox, of Warrington,
and Olive Underwood, daughter of Alexander
Underwood, of Warrington, were married at War-
rington meeting, 9-37-1746. (Names of witnesses
not copied).

William Smith, son of John Smith, deceased, of
Warrington, and Jane Underwood, -daughter of
Alexander, of same place, were married 8-9-1747,
at Warrington meeting. (Made their marks):
Rebecca Bennett, Alexander Underwood,

Mary Garretson, Joseph Smith,

Garretson, William Underwood,



Samuel Cox,
Thomas Cox,
Isaac Cox,
William Griffith,



John Wright,
John Cox, Sr.,
John Cox, Jr.,
Benjamin Underwood,
Soloman Shepherd,
William Ferrall,
Peter Cook,



Rebecca Bennett,
Mary Garretson,
Olive Cox,
Anne Hussey,
Mary Garretson,
Margreat Carson,
Sarah Mills,
Hannah Cox.
John Pope,
.John Beals,
Richard Cox.
Thomas Cook,
Samuel Cox, son of John, of Huntiugton, and
Hannah Wierman, daughter of William, of Hunt-
ington, were married at Huntington meeting, 8-33-
1747. (Witnesses names not copied).

Robert Vale and Sarah Butler were
married in Warrington 8-10-1749. He
was born in London, was an excellent classi-
cal scholar. They became acquainted on
board the ship while immigrating. la a note
Eobert Vale says, " when he came to York
County it was a wilderness of woods, and
Indians came to see them after the marriage."

William Beals to Mary Mullineux, 10-1-
1749.

Nathan Hussey, Jr., to Susanna Heald,
2-26-1749.

John Garrettson to Jane Carson, 6-22-1749.

William Ozburn to Rebecca Cox, 10-5-
1750.

Benjamin Underwood to Susanna Greist,
daughter of John Greist, 7-1-1750.

There are recorded in one of these books
296 marriages, extending from 1747 to 1849.
In this list the name Garretson occurs 45
times ; Greist, 25 times ; Griffith, 18 times ;
Hussey, 17 times ; Updegraff, 20 times ;
Willis, 10 times; Vale, 21 times; Wright, 10
times ; Wickersham, 18 times ; Mills, 10
times ; Morthland, 7 times ; Cook, 25 times ;
Blackburn , 25 times ; Hammond, 6 times ;
Kirk, 13 times ; Penrose, 7 times ; Cadwala-
der, 11 times ; Alkinson, 15 times ; Cleaver
10 times ; Marsh, 6 times ; Jones, 7 times;
McMullin, 19 times; Underwood, 20 times;
Thomas, 10 times ; etc.

Notes from Records. — Johanna Heald died
1781, in what is now Fairview Township.
She was a noted Quakeress preacher.

In 1779, sixteen acres of land were pur-
chased on which to build a schoolhouse.
The trustees appointed were Ellis Lewis,
John Garretson, William Lewis and James
Kingsly. This schoolhouse was built at
Lewisberry, which then was a hamlet in Red
Land Valley.

James Thomas was a highly esteemed
preacher in 1795.

Edward Jones was an estimable gentleman
and highly respected preacher. After the
removal of the Newberry meeting farther
west he lived in the old Newberry meeting-



HISTORY OF YORK COUNTY.



house. He was thrown out of a carriage
and his leg was broken 7-29-1823, and died
soon after, aged eighty-three years.

Peter Cleaver, who came from Upper Dub-
lin, Philadelphia County, was for thirty
years, a clerk of "Warrington and Newberry
monthly meeting. "William Underwood was
clerk from 1747 to 1775. Susanna Elgar,
Isaac Everett and Abel Thomas were
noted preachers in 1780 and before. Dur-
ing the latter part of the Revolutionary
period Abel Thomas visited friends in
North Carolina, and afterward acted as
a guide to Gen. Greene in his re-
treat northward across that State when pur-
sued by Cornwallis. He afterward passed
through the British lines to remain with
Friends, and protect them during the war.
Many Friends had emigrated from York
County to that State years before.

John Day was appointed elder of New-
berry meeting 1748. and Peter Stout svas
made overseer same year.

Thomas Wilson. John Blackburn, William
Delap, Daniel Winter. Patrick Carson and
others, located in York County, 1736, coming
from Calahagan. Ireland.

Henry Clark built a saw-mill in Warring-
ton, 1748. Ho came from Chester County.
He sawed the timber for the new court house
at York in 1753. Aaron Frazer produced
a certificate from Newark meeting, and lo-
cated in York County, 1748.

The following is the form of marriage cer-
tificate used in 1780:

Whereas, William Squibb, of the Township of
Warrington, and County of York, in Penn.«ylvania.
(son of William Squibb and Sarah, his wife), and
Jane Mortliland, of tlie township and county afore-
said (daughter of William Mortliland and Ruth, his
wife). Having appeared before several monthly
meetings of the people called Quakers (at Warring-
ton), and declared ihelr intention of marriage with
each other, according to the good order used amongst
them; and having consent of their parents and par-
ties concerned, their proposal of marriage was al-
lowed by the said meetings. Now these are to cer-
tify whom it may concern, that for the full accom-
plishment of their said intention, they, the said
William Squibb and Jane Morthland, appeared at
the public meeting at Wiirrington, in the County of
York, on the twenty-fourth day of the second
month, in the year of Our Lord One Thousand
Seven Hundred and Eighty. And then and there,
in the said Assembly, the said William Squibb
taking the said Jane Morthland by the hand did in
a solemn manner, openly promising with the Lord's
assistance, to be unto her a loving and faithful hus-
band, until death should separate them. And then
and there, in the same Assembly, the said Jane
Morthland did in like manner declare, that she took
him, the said William Squibb, to be her husband,
promising with the Lord's assistance, to be to him a
loving and faithful wife until death should separate
them.

And moreover, they, the said William Squibb
and Jane Morthland, she according to the custom



of marriage, assuming the name of her husband,
did then and there to these presents set their hands.
William Squibb,
Jane Squlbb.
And for a further confirmation we, whose names
are also here underscribed, who were present at the
solemnization of the said marriage and subscription,
have as witnesses, thereunto set our hands the day
and year above written.
William Squibb, George Newcomer,

William Morthland, Jacob Underwood,

Ruth Morthland, Benjamin Walker,

William Underwood, Ruth Walker,
Alexander Underwood, Rebecca Cox,
Rebecca Morthland, Ruth Underwood,

Robert Morthland, Benjamin Underwood,

Robert Squibb, David Cadwalader,

John Marsh, Sarah Cadwalader,

Joseph Bradley, Joshua Vale,

Mary Squibb, Jonathan Mash,

Jane Yarnell, Margaret Lerew,

Marv Godfrey, Miriam Hussey,

Sarah Thomas, Sarah Williams,

Martha Morris, William Garretson,

John Marsh, John Vale,

Robert Vale, John Godfrey.

Recorded on page 61.

Most of the early class of Friends who set-
tled in York County, were an excellent class
of people, and carried out the mode of dis-
cipline of the society in respect to war, in-
temperance, marriage, etc.

The following notes will illustrate a few
points and will doubtless be read with inter-
est:

Patrick Carson, a Scotch-Irishman, though
a member of the Society of Friends in 1748,
"passed the lie" on Thomas Cox, a fellow-
member. This caused a difficulty. John
Day and Richard Wickersham appointed to
bring them to '' terms of peace." They were
obliged to go to Chester County, where the
troulDle originated. Upon their return, Pat-
rick was made to subscribe his name to an
apology, which he did in order to remain in
''friendly unity with the society," but after-
ward "he regretted to believe that his allega-
tions were true."

Joseph Bennett, 7 — 10 — 1748, signed a doc-
ument as follows: "I acknowledge with great
sorrow that I was overtaken with the effects
of spirituous liquor in the harvest field,
reaping for John Rankin in Red Land Valley
(Lewisberry) last harvest. It was a hot day.
I drank more than I should have to drive out
the sweat to make me in better capacity to
follow my work, but it produced the contrary
effect, so that I was for a time light in the
head and I talked foolish. Wishing to re-
main in unity with the Friends, I hereby
acknowledge my error."

Thomas Cook was reproved in 1747 by
Newberry meeting, for drinking spirituous
liquors, and John Day was appointed to over-
see him.

Richard Carson in 1765, was required to



FRIENDS OR QUAKERS.



acknowledge in public at meeting ' 'his great
error for having a fiddling and dancing party
at his house."

A certain member was disowned by the
Society for failing to pay a debt to Joseph
Hutton, in 1758.

Joseph John, a member, was made to
apologize for his error in " for running o&
with and marrying a woman that some one
else intended to marry."

John Blackburn and John Pope, in 1755,
joined the forces from York County to quell
the Indian troubles along the northern and
western frontier. They were the first to
violate the laws of the Society of Friends.
According to the principles of the great
founder of Pennsylvania, the Indians were
to be treated with, and not quelled by force of
arms. A committee was appointed to persuade
them " in love and amity that they might see
the error of their ways." These two men,
however, would not yield. John Blackburn
afterward became one of the president court
justices of York County, and during the
Revolution was one of the first of the Friends
to join the American Army.

Thomas Noblet appeared before Newberry
meeting, S — 21 — 1756, and said : "I ask par-
don for not keeping the principles of truth,
and giving way so far to the enemy, to
enlist as a soldier, contrary to the good order
kept among the Friends for which I am very
sorry."

Abraham Noblet entered the military serv-
ice during the French and Indian war. A
committee was appointed by the monthly
meeting, to treat with him and endeavor to
bring him to a sight of his error. He ac-
knowledged his error after retiring from
service.

"Dear Friends:— Whereas I have been educated
in the way of truth among the Society of Friends,
but for want of keeping to the principles thereof,
in my own heart, have gone far astray, being much
surprised as to the reports of the Indians being in
the neighborhood, I tool? my gun in order to defend
myself, for which I am sorry, and give this for the
clearance of truth. I hope to be more careful of ray
conduct in the future. Armael Finchbr.

6—8—1758.

Henry Underwood enlisted as a soldier
in 1756. He afterward at meeting acknow-
ledged it to be "a great wrong to bear arms
against his countrymen, and kill them."



Henry Clark on 2—18—1758, acknow-
ledged his great wrong in being overtook
with strong drink, and got his gun to defend
himself against the Indians, "whereof I am
sorry and ask to be forgiven."

Abraham Noblet acknowledged his error
in being married "by a priest to a woman
not a member of the Society of Friends."
He appeared at Warrington monthly meet-
ing and made an apology, which by order of
meeting was to be read publicly at the New-
berry jjreparative meeting by Joseph Ben-
nett, and Noblett reinstated in meeting, which
was done.

Francis Fincher and William Bennett had
to submit to a public censure in meeting
" for drinking too freely and using bad words. "
Samuel Underwood and William Griffith
were appointed to treat with them.

James McGrew in 17r)7 acknowledged his
error "for taking too much drink while with
others and singing improper songs."

John Powell asked permission of Warring-
ton meeting to go to New Garden, Chester
County, "to take a young woman for a wife"
in 1749. Granted.

John Greist produced a certificate from
Concord, Chester County, 1749, and located
in Warrington.

John Willis became a member of Newberry
meeting in 1756.

John Rankin 10—7—1771, bought a
slave, which was contrary to the rules of
Friends. Timothy Kirk, William Lewis,
William Penrose and John Hancock, were
appointed to treat with him, but their report
was unfavorable, and he would not concede
his error. John Rankin afterward became
a colonel in the Third Battalion of York
County Associators, during the Revolution,
but in 177S became a Tory. An attempt
was made to capture him, but by aid of his
slave Ralph, be escaped and went to Long
Island. He afterward sent an order manu-
mitting his slave. Col. Rankin and his
brother. Col. William Rankin, were quite
influential during the early part of the Revo-
lutionary period.

Jedadiah Hussey who lived in Warrington
about 1800, could lift a barrel full of cider
to his mouth and drink out of it.



HISTOKY OF YOEK COUNTY.



THE SCOTCH IRISH,



BY E. C. BAIR.



LITTLE is generally known of the Scotch-
Irish. They have left to history no in-
scribed records. It is possible to know who
they were, and measure the breadth and
depth of their influence upon mankind. In-
jected as they werS by force among the sects
and races, their short career of distinct-
ive provincialism was full of momentous
possibilities. The Scotch -Irish are uo
longer an individual people; they are a lost
and scattered clan. The world has ab-
sorbed them; they are part of the leaven
of its mighty development; of them it can
truly be said: "The good men do lives
after them, the en'l is oft interred with their
bones."

The investigation of unwritten history to
the devout mind affords a solemn realization
of its vast depth and grandeur, as well as its
obscurity. The history of all ages and peo-
ples is replete with mystery and sacred
truth. Time has piled his monuments of
wreck and ruin in every kingdom of the
earth. Through these shall future genera-
tions solve the past. Men delight to un-
cover the secrets of vanished years. History re-
views the Pantheon, repeoples the Coliseum,
and digs again the catacombs. She towers
above a fallen empire, and, trumpet-tongued,
resounds the fame of Eome. England, Scot-
land, Ireland, too, are rich in fame of legend
and historic lore. It has been said: "Egypt,
from whence came all the knowledge of the
world." But truly, England, from whence
came greatest influences — influences that
shall endiu-e to shape the future, the destiny
of mankind, till latest posterity forget its
Anglo-Saxon blood and tongue. The dev-
otee, who begins the search after a buried past,
has, it is true, bright hope to lead and glad
success to urge him on, but he cannot feel
else than inexpressibly sad that there are so
few vestiges left behind, and that all of them
are blood-stained. If it were possible for
me to take you to the source, the fountain
head of my subject, in the rugged mountains
of Scotia, and come down the ribboned rivu-
let to the wider stream of thought, then into
the deep channel of events, and point out
the clear-cut verges of its devious course,
Anally bringing you to the open bay, where
we now stand looking upon a bound-



less eternity of future action — it would be a
sweet realization.

Come with me to Scotland, then a little
while to Ireland, and we will come back to
our own America indeed, to the very hills
and fields that stretch round about us. Mary
Stuart, Queen of Scots, was the mother of
James Darnley, who, when he was thirteen
months old, became King James VI, of
Scotland. He reigned thirty-four years. In
1603, upon the death of Queen Elizabeth,
when he was thirty-six years of age, he be-
came king of Great Britain and Ireland,
with title James I., of England. "While he
was yet boy king of Scotland, that good old
country was fearfully rent with disputes and
war between the Catholics and Protestants.
His mother, Mary, had been a violent Cath-
olic, when she was driven from the throne,
(abdicating in favor of her son). Protestant
ism. which had long been oppressed and
ground down, rebounded with astounding
vigor. These church wars left an indelible
influence upon the times, out of which grew
the events we jjropose to relate. James
Darnley was the only surviving blood of the
once famous Tudors — James, the great
grandchild of Henry VIII. The years of
his young manhood in Scotland were circum-
spect and becoming a king. He was High
Church Episcopal. He gave us the trans-
lation of our Bible. In the frugal land of
his birth, he was kind, earnest, thoughtful.
But when he was called to the highest throne
in Christendom, his head was turned. He
became frivolous, self-indulgent, unblushing
in shamelessness, and disgraced himself by
the excesses of his passions. Being outwardly
such a man, he was at once surrounded by
sycophants and miserable "toadies," who
applaud kings and strive to ingratiate royal
confidence. But James was shrewd, and to
all who sought to secure from him patronage
or exclusive privilege, he became a startling
surprise. He was called "the wisest fool that
wears a crown in Europe." Taking the
throne upon the death of that remarkable
queen, Elizabeth, he found himself sur-
rounded with the beginnings of mighty
events, and borne upon by the responsibili-
ties of growing Christianity and accumulating
independence. It was written in his time;



I



THE SCOTCH-IRISH.



291



"Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown."
The kingdom which had been ruled 120
years from Henry VII. by a most illustri-
ous family, had a high measure for excel-
lence. So that when out of hardy Scotland
came a young prince to govern "Great Eng-
land," the smile of satisfaction or demonstra-
tive joy cannot be said to have been uproar-
ious. The kingdom was nervous and uneasy;
religious discussion was fiery; strife inces-
sant; conscience and thought stirred to
unbounded activity and fervor. It is to be
questioned if a country was ever thrown into
greater disorder and religious uncertainty
than England upon the accession of James.
Great hopes had been raised; much was
expected of him by all sects. Many were
sure to 'be disappointed. He had called the
Protestants the "sincerest kirk in the world;"
he had censured the Catholicity of England
as an '"evil-said mass;" he had promised the
abased Puritans " rest and favor;" he had
said: "Scotchmen shall be of my table," and
declared that "Ireland whould render an ac-
count." The hungry hounds of office bayed
at his heels; Episcopacy looked up to him
and held her hands for succor; all eyes were
upon him, and all hearts beat with expectan-
cy. Chagrin stifled the hopes of all. He
was a great schemer. A thinker, he evolved
many strange conceits and administrative
policies. One of these whimsical hobbies
we must observe, as it is the starting point
in the succession of events we are about to
follow. It was about the only one he had
tenacity of purpose enough ever to carry out.
That it had been long with him, even before he
was able to practice it, his books give
evidence. Between 1607 and 1608 James
executed a pet idea of his life that changed
the lives and fortunes of many thousands,
and destined a new branch of the human
family to hold the plow instead, as had
unnumbered generations of its forefathers,
the sword; a branch whose sturdy worth



Online LibraryJohn GibsonHistory of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present → online text (page 60 of 218)