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History of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present online

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1774 ; William Rowan, June, 1777 ; Henry
Miller, October, 1780 ; William Bailey,
November, 1783 ; John Edie, October, 1786;
Conrad Laub, October, 1789 ; Godfrey Len-
hart, October, 1792 ; William McClellan,
October, 1 (95 ; Nicholas Gelwicks, October,
1798 ; John Strohman, October, 1801 ; Jacob
Eichelberger, October, 1804; Michael Kline-
felter, October, 1807 ; Benjamin Hirsch,
October, 1810 ; Michael Gardner, November,
1811 ; John Kauffelt, November, 1815 ;
Zachariah Spangler, October, 1818 ; Thomas
Jameson, October, 1821 ; Michael Doudel,

*For his after history see chapter on Historical Biography.



October, 1824 ; William Spangler, October,
1827 ; Andrew Duncan, October, 1830 ;
Adam Eichelberger, October, 1833 ; Adam
Klinefelter, October, 1836 ; Michael Hoke,
October, 1839 ; Jacob Hantz, October, 1842 ;
Thomas Jamison, October, ' 1845 ; James
Adams, October, 1848 ; George Albright,
October, 1851 ; Daniel Ginder, October,
1854; Samuel Forscht, October, 1857: Will-
iam Martin, October, 1800 ; William W.
Wolf, October, 1860 ; Charles H. Bressler,
appointed January 27, 1806 ; Jesse Engles,
elected 1866 ; Christian Pfhaler,

1869 ; George Geiger, appointed (served one
year), 1870 ; J. Park Wiley, elected 1871 ;
Michael Stanbaugh, November, 1874 ; James
Peeling, November, 1877 ; Samuel Altland,
November, 1880 ; Jesse Workinger, Novem-
ber, 1883.


A great deal of importance has always
been attached to the election of sheriffs in
York county. In early days there were many
lively contests. There were then but few
elective offices. The delegate system not
being in use, the numerous candidates trav-
eled the county from farm to farm soliciting
votes. If the canvassiog were done about
harvest time, the candidates were required
to show their skill at reaping in order to
make a favorable impression. The election
was closely contested in October, 1789, when
Conrad Laub was elected. The two can-
didates were Conrad Laub and William Mc-
Clellan, of whom the former had 2,130 votes,
and the latter, 2,111. Immediately after the
election a very amusing article appeared in
one of the York newspapers. It was written
by William Harris, a York merchant. The
full text of it is as follows:


1. Now it came to pass in those days when
George was President, even George the Great, was
President over the nation, and John, even John
surnamed the steady, who had done justice and
judgment among the people, had fulfilled his time,
that there was a great slir among the people, whom
they should choose lo reign in his stead.

2. Then the Williamites,who in habited the west-
ern country, and the people gathered themselves
together, and communed one with another, and
said: We will malie William to rule over us, for he
Is a proper young man, and will do justice and
judgment even as John has done, whose work is

3. And when these sayings went abroad among
the people, there were certain men rose up and
withstood the Williamites and said, God do so to us,
and more also, if William shall rule over us at this
time in the stead of John.

4. Then the governors, the judges, the captains
of the fifties, and the rulers of the people gathered
themselves together.

5. And so it wasthat they communed together,
even the Schlegelites, the Kudisellites, the' Sher-
manites, the Gosslerites, the Millerites, the Camp-
bellites, the tribe of Eli, and John the Lawyer.

6. Now all entered into a covenant, and said, of
a truth we will make Conrad our ruler, for he is an
upright man, and will do what is right in the eyes
of the people.

7. And after these things it came to pass on the
thirteenth day of the tenth month, about the
eleventh hour, in the fourteenth year after the
people had come out of the house of bondage, that
the people strove with one another, even the Will-
iamites on the one side and the Conradites on the

8. And there was a great slaughter, for the battle
continued until the going flown of the sun.

9. For the Conradites came forth by hundreds
and by thousands, by their tribes, as sands by the
seashore for multitude.

10. And so it was, that the army of the William-
ites was discomfitted.

11. Now the land will have rest for three years.
There were at this time four election polls

in the cottnty: one at Nicholson's mill,
Muddy Creek Forks; one at York, one at
Hanover, and one in the vicinity of York
Springs. On this occasion it was again a
contest between the Germans and the Scotch-
Irish, and the former won. The " William-
ites " were the Scotch-Irish, of the Marsh
Creek (Gettysburg) country, and supporters
of William McClelland, who, it will be ob-
served, was elected in 1795.

The "Schlegelites" and the "Rudisellites"
were the friends of Col. Henry Schlegle and
Associate Judge Jacob Kudisell, of Hanover;
the " Shermanites " the friends of Conrad
Sherman, who lived live miles south of Han-
over, in Manheim Township; the " Goss-
lerites," the friends of Philip Gossler, who
then lived in Hellam Township; the "Mill-
erites'' the friends of Henry Miller of York;
the "Campbellites" the Scotch-Irish of the
southeast end of York County, represented
by John Campbell; the "Tribe of Eli"
were the Quakers of the upper end, and were
led by Eli Lewis who fotmded the village of
Lewisberry; " John the Lawyer '' was John
Lukens, a young member of the York bar, ad-
mitted that year.

David McConaughy elected in 1765, was
the first collector of excise in York County,
being appointed by the General Assembly, on
August 19, 1794.

Charles Lukens and William Eowan were
candidates in 1776. But Lukens, being then
engaged in other public services, was pre-
vented from accepting the office; whereupon
a commission was granted to William Rowan,
although not highest ia votes.

Congress, in November, 1777, a^jpointed
Lukens major-commissary of military stores
in the department of Carlisle. It may here
be remarked, that although Congress lixed


upon Carlisle as a proper place for the erec-
tion of laboratories and for laying up maga-
zines of military stores, yet Cieneral Wash-
ington, in a letter to that body, dated January
17, 1777, says, "General Knox, and others
whom I have consulted upon this occasion,
think that Yorktown would be as safe, and
more convenient than Carlisle."

Sheriff Rowan, who was elected in 1771,
not long after the expiration of his
term of office, removed into the State of
Kentucky. His son John, who was born in
this county, and who accompanied his father
on his removal, elected by the Legislature of
Kentucky, to represent that State in the Senate
of the United States in 1826, and served
until 1832.

Benjamin Hirsh who was elected in 1810,
served but one year and then resigned ; Jacob
Hantz elected " in 1842. was the first Whig
sheriff; James Adams was elecr.ed by the
Whig party in 1848, served three years, but
died the same evening that his term expired;
Christian Phfaler died while in office, where-
upon George Geiger of Peach Bottom, was
appointed to serve until the next election;
Sheriff Wolf died while in office and Dr.
Charles Bressler succeeded, serving nine
months and seventeen days.

Nicholas Ryland was the lirst coroner
elected. October, 1749; Alexander Love in
1750; Archibald McGrew, 1754; Zacha-
riah Shugard, 17r)4; William King, 1758;
Michael Schwaabe, 1761; John Adlum, 1768;
Joseph Adlum, 1764. Mr. Adlum continued
in office fourteen years — the election for cor-
oner in those times was held annually, and
there was no limitation to his term of service!
Who was coroner in 1779-80-81, the records
do not show. After that time the succession
was as follows: Jacob Kudisell, 1782; Eph-
riam Pennington, 1784; Andrew Johnson,
1786; John Morris, 1790; Jacob Updegraff,
1796; Geo.Hay, 1799; Geo.Stake, 1802, John
Spangler 1806; Dr. Thomas Jamison, 1808.

At the election in October, 1811, the votes
for coroner were 1,898 for Michael Gardner,
and 1,893 for John Eouse. Mr. Gardner,
however, being appointed sheriff', upon the
resignation of B. Hirsch, in 1811, did not
receive any commission as coroner, by
reason whereof the person then in office
(Dr. Thomas Jameson), was continued: Dr.
John Rouse, 1812; Dr. Thomas Jameson,
1816; Dr. William Mcllvaine, 1818; Dr.Luke
Eouse, 1821; Dr. Henry Ness, 1824; Dr.
James Gerry, 1830; Dr. Theodore N. Haller,
1833; Dr. Andrew Patterson, 1834; Dr. Ben-

jamin Johnson, 1836; Dr. H. M. McOlellan,
1839; Dr. Theodore N. Haller, 1842; Dr.
John Ahl, 1845; Dr. John Ahl, 1848; Dr.
Edward C. Pentz, 1851; Dr. Samuel J.
Eouse, 1854; Dr. Samuel J. Eouse, 1857; Dr.
H. M. McClellan, 1860; Dr. H. M. McClel-
lan, 1863; Dr. Samuel J. Rouse, 1866; Dr.
Samuel J. Rouse. 1869; Dr. Obediah C.
Brickley. 1872; Dr. Obediah C. Brickley,
1875; Dr. John Ahl, 1879; Dr. John Ahl,
1882. ■



THE deputies to the Provincial Convention,
held at Philadelphia, July 15, 1774, from
York, were James Smith, Thomas Hartley
and Joseph Donaldson.

At a Provincial Convention for the prov-
ince of Pennsylvania, held at Philadelphia,
January 23, 1775, and continued by adjourn-
ments from day to day to the 28th, there were
present for York County, James Smith, Esq.,
Thomas Hartley, Esq., Joseph Donaldson,
George Eichelberger, John Hay, George
Ifwin, Michael Smyser.

The committees of the Provincial Confer-
ence, held at Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia,
June 18, 1775, were, for York — Col. James
Smith, Col. Eol)ert McPherson, Col. Eichard
McAllister, Col. David Kennedy, Capt. Jo-
seph Eead, Col. William Eankin, Col. Henry
Slagle, Mr. James Edgar and Mr. John Hay.

The delegates to the convention of 1776,
from York, were John Hay, William Eankin,
Francis Cragart, Eobert McPherson, James
Edgar, Henry Slagle, James Smith and Jo-
seph Donaldson.

The member of the Committee of Safety,
from June 30. 1775, to October 19, 1775,
Benjamin Franklin, president, was, for York —
Michael Swope; also from October 20, 1775,
to July 22. 1776; also of the Council of
Safety from July 24, 1776, to March 13,
1777. From October 17, 1777, to December
4, 1777, James Edgar, who was also a mem-
ber of the Supreme. Executive Council, and
James Marshall.

Of the judges of the High Court of Ap-
peals, James Smith, of York, November 20,

The members of the Board of Property,
at different times, from 1783 to 1786, were
James Ewing and Michael McAllister. ■

Monday, July 8, 1776, was appointed for
electing members of a constitutional con-


York County was divided into five districts:

The first — Yorktown,tho townships of York,
Manchester, Codorus, Shrewsbury, Windsor,
and Hellam, to be held at the court house in

The second district — Cumberland, Hamil-
ton's Ban, Straban, Mountjoy, Menallen and
Tyrone, to be held at the house of Samuel

The third district — Heidelberg, Berwick,
Mount Pleasant, Manheim, Paradise and Ger-
many, to be held at Hanover.

The fourth division — Fawn, Hopewell and
Chanceford, to be held at Nicholson's mill.

The fifth division — Dover, Newberry, War-
rington, Manahan, Huntingdon and Reading,
to be held at the house of Robert Stevenson.

The following gentlemen were appointed
judges of the election :

First division, at Yorktown — Charles Lu-
kens, John Hay, Michael Hahn.

Second Division at Samuel Gaddis's —
William McClellan, John Agnew, James

Third Division, at Hanover — Joseph Jefif-
eries, Thomas Lilly, Frederick Wolf.

Fourth Division, at Nicholson's mill —
James Leeper, Patrick Scott, James Savage.

Fifth Division, at Robert Stevenson's
— John Nesbit, James Naylor, William

Members of the Supreme Executive Council.
— James Edgar, November 14, 1777; James
Thompson, February 13, 1779; James Ewing,
October 26, 1781; Richard McAllister, Oc-
tober 26, 1784; Andrew Billmyer, January
19, 1787; Samuel Edie, October 25, 1787.

Members of the Council of Censors. —
Thomas Hartley, October 20, 1783; Richard
McAllister, October 20, 1783.

Justices of the Quarter Sessions. — Richard
McAllister, president, November 18, 1789;
Henry Slagel, president, August 20, 1784.

Justice of the Orphans Court. — Richard
McAllister, November 18, 1780.

Commissioner of the Taxes. — Benjamin
Tyson, October 20, 1783.

Collectors of Excise. — William Rowan,
January 1, 1778; Jacob Rodroch, November
27, 1778; Thomas Armor, November 22, 1779;
Matthew Henderson, November 25, 1780;
Jacob Barnitz, May 6, 1785; John Forsyth,
November 25, 1785; John McClelland, Decem-
ber 7, 1786; John Forsyth, August 31, 1787.

Dedimus Potestatemus. — Archibald Mc-
Lean, June 10, 1777; David McConaughy,
June 10, 1777; William Scott, June 10, 1777.

Deputy Surveyor — John Huston, April 18,

Auditors of Depreciation Accounts. — ■

Michael Swope, March 3, 1781; Henry
Slagle, March 3, 1781.

County Lieutenants. — Richard McAllister,
June 14, 1777; William Scott, March 30,

Sub-Lieutenant.'i. — Hance Morrison, March
12, 1777; Robert Stevenson, March 12, 1777;
John Hay, March 12, 1777; James McCand-
less, March 12 1777; John Carson, March 12,
1777; John Trevis, March 28, 1778; Matthew
Dill, May 19, 1779: John Agnew, October 2,
1779: Matthew Dill, March 30,1780; Henry
Slagle, March 30, 1780; William Ross, March
30, 1780; James Dixon, March 30, 1780;
William Alexander, July 17, 1787.

Paymasters of Militia. — Michael Hahn
(resigned September 14, 1777); Maj. William
Scott, September 16, 1777; William Alex-
ander, June 26, 1781.

Wagon Masters. — Joseph Jeffreys, January
9, 1778; James Chamberlain, June 29, 1780.

Agents for Forfeited Estate. — Robert
Stephenson, May 0, 1778; James Naylor,
May 6, 1778; William Chesney, May 6, 1778;
Thomas Stockton, May 6, 1778; Thomas
Lilly, Mav 0, 1778; William Mitchell, Aug-
ust 4, 17*9; Michael Hahn, May 24, 1783.

Michael Hahn, of York, was one of the
commissioners of exchange appointed April
5, 1779, to facilitate the calling out of circu-
lation the emissions of paper monev of May
20, 1777, and April 11, 1778.

William Scott April 3, 1780, was one of the
army purchasers, and Yorktown a place of
delivery. Assistant commissaries, Henry Mil-
ler and William Scott. July 7, 1780.

The persons to take subscriptions for the
continental loan, appointed by the Assembly,
December 16, 1777, were, for York County —
William Scott, Robert Stevenson, David
Kennedy, James Dill, Wilh'am Ross, and
Henry Slagle.

Commissioners to seize the personal effects
of traitors, appointed October 21, 1777, for
York County, were — William White, James
Nailor, William Chesney, Robert Stevenson,
Matthew Dill and John Ewing.

The commissioners to collect clothing in
the county of York, were, November 8, 1777 —
Joseph Donaldson, George Erwin, Thomas
Stockton, Frederick Gelwix, Thomas Weems,
John Nesbit, Henry Cotton, Jacob Staley,
Robert Smith.

For paying one-third depreciation certifi-
cates— Henry Slagle, April 23, 1781.


For carrying into effect the act respecting
the Susquehanna navigation, appointed June


24, 1785 — James Ewing, Michael Simpson,
William Bailey, Dr. Robert Harris.

The members of Constitutional Convention
of 1838 fi'om York County were — John K.
Donnell, Samuel C. Bonham.

The members of the Constitutional Con-
vention of 1873 were — Jeremiah S. Black, del-
egate at large; John Gibson and Thomas E.

Jeremiah S. Black was attorney general in
President Buchanan's cabinet ; Jacob S.
Haldeman was minister to Sweden from 1860
to 1864; Thomas E. Cochran was auditor
general of Pennsylvania from 1860 to 1863;
Chauncey F. Black was elected lieutenant-
governor of Pennsylvania in 1882.


There can be no truer index of the politi-
cal principles of our county, than the votes it
has given at difi'ei'ent times, for governor of
the commonwealth. The office of governor
in this State, was substituted for that of
president of the council, September 2,
1790, at which time the second constitution
of Pennsylvania was adopted. Before pro-
ceeding to state the result of the different
elections in this county for governor, we will
give a list of the provincial governors (i. e.
those who exercised the supreme executive
power in Penasylvania prior to the adoption
of the constitution of September 29, 1779) and
a list of the presidents of the council, an
office created by the constitution of 1779.

Provincial Executiies. — William Penn,
from October 24, 1682, to August 12, 1684;
council and president, Thomas Lloyd, from
August 12, 1684, to December, 1688; John
Blackwell, deputy governor, from December,
1688, to February, 1689; council and pres-
ident, Thomas Lloyd, from February, 1689,
to April, 1693; Benjamin Fletcher, governor,
from April. 1093, to June, 1693; William
Markham, deputy governor, from June 1693,
to December, 1699; William Penn again
governor, from December, 1699, to Novem-'
ber, 1701; Andrew Hamilton, deputy gover-
nor, from November. 1701, to February, 1702;
president and council, from February, 1702,
to February 1703; John Evans, deputy gov-
ernor, from February, 1703, to February,
1709; Charles Gookin, deputy governor,
from March, 1709, to May, 1717; William
Keith, deputy governor, from May, 1717, to
June, 1726; Patrick Gordon, deputy gover-
nor, from June, 1726, to 1736; council
and president, James Logan, from 1736 to
1738; George Thomas, deputy governor,
from 1738, to 1747; council and president,
Anthony Palmer, from 1747, to November,

1748; James Hamilton, deputy governor,
from November, 1748, to October, 1754;
Robert Himter Morris, deputy governor, from
October, 1754, to 1756; William Denny,
deputy governor, from 1756, to 1759; James
Hamilton, again deputy governor, from 1759,
to 1764; John Penn, son of Richard, deputy
govei-nor from 1764], to 1771; council and
president, James Hamilton, 1771; Richard
Penn, governor from 1771 to 1773; John
Penn, brother of Richard, governor from
1773 to 1776.

Presidents of the Councils, under the Con-
stitution of 1776. — There were five different
persons who presided, at different periods,
over the executive council of Pennsylvania.
They were elected and presided in the fol-
lowing order — Thomas Wharton, Joseph
Read, John Dickinson, Benjamin Franklin
and Thomas Mifflin.

The first election for governor was held
October 12, 1790, at which the votes stood in
York County as follows — Thomas Mifflin,
Democrat, 1,699 votes; Arthur St. Clair, Fed-
eral, 29 votes. Thomas Mifflin was elected.

Second Election. — October 8, 1793. F. A.
Muhlenberg, Federal, 712 votes; Thomas
Mifflin, Democrat, 1,265 votes. Thomas
Mifflin was elected.

Third Election.— October 11, 1796. Thomas
Mifflin, Democrat, 1,124 votes; Peter Dinkel,
12 votes; Henry Miller, 11 votes; F. A.
Muhlenberg, Federal, 1 vote. Thomas Mif-
flin was elected.

Fourth Election. — October 8, 1799. James
Ross, of Pittsburgh, Federal, 2,026 votes;
Thomas McKean, Democrat, 2,705 votes;
scattering, 4 votes. Thomas McKean was

Fifth Election.— October 12, 1802. Thomas
McKean, Democrat, 1,691 votes; James Ross,
of Pittsburgh, Federal, 742 votes. Thomas
McKean was elected.

Sixth Election. —October 8, 1805. Thomas
McKean, Democrat, 1,883 votes; Simon Sny-
der, Democrat, 747 votes; James Ross, of
Pittsburgh, Independent Democrat, 9 votes.
Thomas McKean was elected.

Seventh Election.— October 11, 1808. Si-
mon Snyder, Democrat, 2,867 votes; James
Ross, of Pittsburgh, Federal, 1,651 votes;
John Spayd, Independent, 18 votes. Simon
Snyder was elected.

Eighth Election. — October 14, 1811. Simon
Snyder, Democrat, 1,834 votes; scattering,
19 votes. Simon Snyder was elected.

Ninth Election.— October 11, 1814. Simon
Snyder, Democrat, 1,593 votes; Isaac Wayne,
Federal, 1,027 votes. Simon Snyder was



Tenth Election.— October 14, 1817. Will-
iam Findlay, Democrat, 2,918 votes; Joseph
Hiester, Federal, 1,944 votes. William Find-
lay was elected.

Eleventh Election. — October 10, 1820.
William Findlay, Democrat, 2,621 votes;
Joseph Hiester, Federal, 2,131 votes. Joseph
Hiester was elected.

Twelfth Election.— Octohur 14. 1823. John
Andrew Shultze, Democrat, 3,912 votes; An-
drew Gregg, Federal, 2,166 votes. John
Andrew Shultze was elected.

Thirteenth Election.— October 10, 1826.
John Andrew Shultze, Democrat, 2,494 votes;
scattering, 107. John Andrew Shultze was

Fourteenth Election.— October 13, 1829.
George Wolf, Democrat, 1,894 votes; Joseph
Ritner, Anti-Mason, 769 votes. George Wolf
was elected.

Fifteenth Election. — October 9, 1832.
George Wolf, Democrat, 2,367 votes; Joseph
Ritner, Anti -Mason, 2,357 votes. George
Wolf was elected.

Sixteenth Election. — October, 1835. Henry

A. Muhlenburg, Democrat, 1,658 votes;
George Wolf, Independent, 1,070; Joseph
Ritner, Anti-Mason, 2,665. Joseph Ritner
was elected.

Seventeenth Election. — October, 1838. Da-
vid R. Porter, Democrat, 4,197 votes; Joseph
Ritner, Anti-Mason, 3,257 votes. David R.
Porter was elected.

Eighteenth Election. — October, 1841. David
R. Porter, Democrat, 3,825 votes; John Banks,
Whig, 2,429 votes. David Porter was elected.

Nineteenth Election. — October,1844. Fran-
cis R. Shunk, Democrat, 4,691 votes; Joseph
Markle, Whig, 3,802 votes; F. J. LeMoyne,
Abolitionist, 50 votes. Francis R. Shunk
was elected.

Twentieth Eleotio7i.— October, 18il. Fran-
cis R. Shunk, Democrat, 4,006 votes; James
Irvin, Whig, 3,103 votes. Francis R. Shunk
was re-elected and died while in office.

Tiventy First Election. — October, 1848.
William F. Johnston, Whig, 4,162 votes;
Morris Longstreth, Democrat, 4,345 votes; E.

B. Gazzam, Free Soil, 165 votes. William F.
Johnston was elected.

Twenty-Second Election.— October, 1851.
William Bigler, Democrat, 5,738 votes; Will-
iam F. Johnston, Whig, 4,728 votes. William
Bigler was elected.

Tiventy -Third Election.— October, 1854.
James Pollock, Whig, 4,777 votes; William
Bigler, Democrat, 4,707 votes. James Pol-
lock was elected.

Tiventy -Fourth Election. — October, 1857.
William F. Packer, Democrat, 5,314 votes;

David Wilmot, Free Soil, 1,778 votes; Isaac
Hazelhurst, American, 1,332 votes. William
T. Packer was elected.

Twenty-Fifth Election.— October, 1860.
Andrew G. Cm-tin, Republican, 5,322 votes;
Henry D. Foster, Democrat, 5,661 votes. An-
drew G. Curtin was elected.

Twenty-Sixth Election. — October, 1863.
Andrew G. Curtiu, Republican, 5,510 votes;
George W. Woodward, Democrat, 8,069 votes.
Andrew G. Curtin was elected.

Twenty -Seventh Election. — October, 1866.
John W. Geary, Republican, 5,796 votes;
Hiester Clymer, Democrat, 8,780 votes. John
W. Geary was elected.

Twenty-Eighth Election.— October, 1869.
John W. Geary, Republican, 5,561 votes;
Asa Packer, Democrat, 8,326 votes. John W.
Geary was elected.

Twenty-Ninth Election.— October, 1872.
John F. Hartranft, Republican, 6,400 votes;
Charles R. Buckalew, Democrat, 8, 388 votes.
John F. Hartranft was elected.

Thirtieth Election.— October, 1875. John F.
Hartranft, Republican, 5,268; Cyrus L. Persh-
ing, Democrat, 8,285; R. Dudly Browne,
Prohibitionist, 92. John F. Hartranft was

Thirty first Election. — November, 1878.
Henry M. Hoj't, Republican, 5,960; Andrew
H. Dill, Democrat, 9,644; Samuel R. Mason,
Greenback, 79. Henry M. Hoyt was elected
for four years under new constitution.

Tliirty -second Election. — November, 1882.
Robert E. Pattison, Democrat, 10,439 votes;
James A. Beaver, Republican, 6,148 votes;
John Stewart, Independent, 261 votes. R.

E. Pattison was elected.

The above statement exhibits the fluctu-
ations of political opinion in this county, and
affords several remarkable instances of entire
revolution in public opinion in a single guber-
natorial term of three years. At the tirst elec-
tion Mifflin had 1699 votes, at the second 712,
at the third 1124. At the second election

F. A. Muhlenberg had a majorit}' over Mifflin
of more than 500 votes, and three years after
that Mifflin beat Muhlenberg 1123 votes, the
latter receiving but a single vote. These
changes are observable throughout the history
of gubernatorial elections in this county. In
1829, George Wolf had a majority over Joseijh
Ritner, of 1125 votes. In 1832, Ritner had
a majority of ten over Wolf.

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