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History of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present online

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Gen. Frye, when apprised by Maj. Haller j
of Gov. Bradford's feelings, suspended his
order, and permitted Maj. Haller to repair
to York, Penn., until further orders. At
York Maj. Haller learned of Gen. Lee's in-
vasion of Pennsylvania, and Col. Levi Maish
and he repaired at once to Harrisburg to
offer their services. Gen. Couch immediately
ordered Maj. Haller not to leave that city
without his permission, and soon placed him
temporarily upon his staff as aide de-carnp;
was assigned to York and Adams Counties
to execute his orders, and keep the general i
commanding informed as to the movements of j
the enemy. j

Gen. Couch's order for the citizens to send |
their stock, etc., across the Susquehanna
River for safety was disseminated, and much
property was saved from confiscation by '
Early's command.

While at Gettysburg, Gen. Couch sent the
City Troop of Philadelphia, then under the
command of the distinguished ex-speaker of >
the house of representatives in congress,
Hon. Samuel Randall, to report, which, with
a company of cavalry raised and mustered
into service by Maj. Haller, at Gettysburg, I
commanded by Capt. Bell, did most efficient
service. Like veteran cavalry, they kept the '
Confederate force constantly in sight, and
reported fully their various movements, much
to the relief of Gen. Couch, who had early
learned the intention of Gen. Lee to march
upon Philadelphia, and had directed Maj. r

Haller to have the various roads leading to
York well patrolled. The general, in ad-
vance, authorized Maj. Haller, if necessary,
to burn the bridge across the Susquehanna
River, and to inform himself of the several
fords, and what defense could be improvised
if the enemy attempted to ford the river.

The advance of the Confederates toward
Gettysburg was made during a heavy fog,
and his (Haller's) sconts could not discover
at any time over fifty or sixty of their cavalry
on the road. It was inferred that these were
simply a foraging party, sent forward to col-
lect horses and supplies, and gather informa-
tion. A regiment of volunteers, having just
joined, had been thrown forward about three
miles in front of Gettysburg, in a defensive
position, which it was expected would inter-
cept these foragers, but the scouts brought
the information that this regiment had left
for parts unknown some time before the
enemy had reached their line of defense.
The want of proper arms and instruction left
the cavalry unprepared to cope with the
enemy's foragers, hence the volunteer cavalry
were oi'dered to York. Soon reports of the
enemy's cavaliy approaching York was re-
ceived, and, supposing them still to be forag-
ing parties, the Patapsco Guards and the in-
valids at the general hospital capable of bear-
ing arms, were organized into a battalion,
and were marched to the west end of York
(Buttstown), and there posted to resist the
entry of the enemy. While there, Mr.
Farquhar. returning to York, informed Maj.
Haller that Gen. Gordon, with over 3,000
armed men, was ap)proacbing. Then Maj.
Haller for the first time realized the inten-
tions of the Confederates as previously in-
dicated by Gen. Couch, and hastened his
departure for Wrightsville to prepare for its
defense if possible, or defeat the enemy in
attempting to cross the river. Hundreds of
teams were collected about the bridge await-
ing their turns to cross, but the slow process
of collecting toll rendered it necessary, and
by Maj. Haller's directions the tolls were
omitted, and the wagons were allowed to
cross without further delay.

Col. Frick's regiment of Pottsville Volun-
teers, and a battalion of Col. Thomas' Phil-
adelphia Corn Regiment, were at W^rights-
ville, but the natural defensive line for the
bridge, on the Wrightsville side, was on the
hills very far out, and so extended, as to re-
quire a very considerable force. The force
collected, especially without cannon, was
manifestly insufficient for efficient defense.

From Col. Frick's position, the rebel host
could be counted as it descended from the




high ridge several miles south of Wrights-
ville, which gradually sloped toward the Sus-
quehanna, exposing the long column ap-
proaching, with several cannon, and made
evident that a determined defense there
would only result in useless slaughter.

The enemy were making their dispositions
for the attack, while their skirmishers ad-
vanced firing at objects exposed, when Col.
Frick requested the flank guards to be called
in before too late, and cross over to Colum-
bia. The orders were given, and time per-
mitted the command to enter the bridge, but
for some reason the Philadelphia Volunteers '
declined crossing the bridge, and were cap-

An engineer had cut loose one span of the
bridge, except the large wooden arches which
were pierced with holes to charge with pow-
der, and burst them asunder and drop the
span into the river: unfortunately the powder
failed to break the arch, when the torch was
applied, and Philadelphia was saved.

Upon the retreat of the Confederates from
Wrightsville, Maj. Haller with a portion of
Capt. Bell's company, forded the Susquehan-
na, and followed up the enemy to York and I
to Hanover, keeping Gen. Couch informed of
events transpiring. '

Soon after Gen. Lee's defeat at Gettysburg, j
while making out reports of service performed
by the volunteers, and the expenditure in-
curred, an order was sent Gen. Couch to relieve
him, Maj. Haller, who, on reporting to the
adjutant-general for orders, was informed by
telegraph that he had been dismissed.

After repeated requests for an investigation,
and after sixteen years of hope deferred,
through the influence of Col. Levi Maish, of
the Military Committee of the House; the
delegate from Washington Territory, Judge
Orange Jacobs, together with the entire dele-
gation from Oregon, a joint resolution of
congress opened the military courts to Maj.
Haller, and authorized a trial by general
court martial or by a court of inquiry. Pres-
ident R, B. Hayes adopted the latter, and
after a strict trial, the court of inquiry re-
ported that Maj. Haller was wrongfully dis- ,
missed, and was immediately restored to the
rank he would have held had he remained
continuously in the service, viz. : the rank of ;
colonel of infantry, from February, 1873.
This commission added an extra colonel of
infantry to the army, and upon the death
of Col. Jefferson C. Davis, of the Twenty-
third Infantry, he was commissioned colonel
of this regiment.

Having passed the sixty-third year, on the
6th of February, 1882, Col. Haller was re-

tired. His son having located iu Seattle,
Washington Territory, the Colonel with his
family, settled, down and erected a home in
the same place, where be now resides.


This officer was born in Baltimore, May 22,
1827, and was appointed, March 8, 1843, a
cadet at West Point from the York Congres-
sional District, by the Hon. John C. Spencer,
then secretary of war, at the instance of his
successor in office. Hon. James M. Porter.

Militarij History. — Cadet at the United
States Military Academy from July 1, 1843,
to July 1, 1847, when he was graduated and
promoted to

Bvt. Secoad Lieut. 2d Artillery, July 1, 1847.

Served in the war with Mexico, 1847-48
— on leave to August 5, 1847, and en route to

[Second Lieut. 3d Artillery, September 8, 1847.]
Vera Cruz to October 22, 1847; at camp Ver-
gara and with Maj. -Gen. Patterson's column
on march to Puebla to December 2, 1847; at
FortLoreto.Peubla to April, 1848, and at the
citadel of the City of Mexico to June, 1848;
on march to Vera Cruz to July, and en votj-
age to Fort Monroe, Va. , July 10 to August 8,
in garrison (there — acting adjutant Third
Artillery, and en voyage to and) at Fort Co-
lumbus, N. Y., (August, November 15), 1848;
(en voyage, via Cape Horn, to Monterey,
Cal., to April 16, 1849; at the Presidio of)
San Francisco, Cal., (May 1, to January 17),
1850; (on leave and en voyage to the Hawai-
ian Islands to January 29, and on duty at
Lahaina, Maui, February to June, as A. C.
S., purchasing and shipping supplies to Cal-
ifornia, and en voyage to San Francisco to
June 22; as aide-de-camp to Bvt. Brig. -
Gen. Riley, at Monterey, Cal., May 28 to
August 9; at the Presidio of San Francisco,
August, 1850 to January, 1851; escorting
Indian commissioners through

[First Lieut. .3d Artillery, May 36, 1831.]
the San Joaquin Valley and Tejon Pass to Los
Angeles, Cal., and en voyage to the Presidio
of San Francisco to June; on frontier duty
at Sonoma, Cal., with First Dragoons, June
8 — October 20, 1851, and expedition against
Coquille Indians, October-November, being-
engaged in skirmish on Coquille River, Ore-
gon, November, 1851, (and making rough sur-
vey and map of Coquille River) — and in com-
mand of Fort'Orford, Ore., December to March,
1852; en voyage to San Francisco, March,
and New York via Panama, April 5, to May
4, and on leave to August, 1852; in garrison
at Fort Sullivan, Me., to October and at Jef-
ferson Barracks, Mo,, October 9, 1852 to



October 11, 1853, en route to Fort Gibson,
lud. T. to October 31, and in garrison to May,
1854; on march to Fort Washita and in garri-
son, May-November 2, 1854; e)i row/e to New
York and on leave to April, 1855; in com-
mand of Fort Wood, N. Y. to May 5, and en
voyage to San Francisco and Fort Vancouver,
Ore., to June; en route to San Fi-ancisco and
Fort Beading, Cal., to July, and in command,
with Lieuts. Sheridan, Crook and Hood,
escorting topographical party exploring route
for railroad from California to Oregon, July
26 to October; at Fort Lane, Ore., to Decem-
ber 26, 1855, and in the Rogue River expe-
dition, October-November, being engaged in
an action with Oregon Indians, October 31-
November 1, 1855, where he was severely
wounded; in command of Benicia depot,
Cal, January, 1856, and at the Presidio of
San Francisco, January to — ,1856, and in gar-
rison to April, 1857; in command e?i route
to Fort Jones, Cal., and Presidio of San Fran-
cisco, April to May, and in garrison to June

4, 1857; in command at Fort Bragg, Mendo-
cino Reserve, Cal., to May, 1858; en royage to
Fort Vancouver, and^ on the Spokane expedi-
tion, (to the Coeur d'Alene Mission), Washing-
ton Teritory, to November 1858, being engaged
in the combat of Spokane Plain, September

5, and skirmish of Spokane River, September
8; at Fort Vancouver and en voyage to Fort
Bragg, November, and to Fort Vancouver
and San Francisco, December, 1858; as reg-
imental quartermaster. Third Artillery, No-
vember 1, 1358 to October 2, 1861; in com-
mand of the Presidio of San Francisco Jan-
uary-July 4, 1859; in garrison to May, 1860;
on expedition to Carson Valley, Nev., May-
October, 1860, being engaged in the combat
on Truckee River, June 2, and skirmish on
Pyramid Lake, June 2, 1860, (constructing
field work at that point); at Fort Churchill,
Nev. , and en route to Presidio of San Fran-
cisco, to October 25; in garrison there and at
Alcatra Island, San Francisco

[Captain 3d Artillery, May 14, 1861.]

harbor, to November 11, 1861, and en voyage
via Panama, to Washington, D.C., to Decem-
ber 19, 1861.

Served during the rebellion of the seced-
. ing States, 1861-1866; in the defense of
Washington, B.C., December 19, 1861 to
February 11, 1862, and on leave to March
6; in the Virginia Peninsular campaign.
Army of the Potomac, March 10, to September
4, 1862, being engaged in the seige of York-
town, April 5 to May 4; battle of Williams-
burg, May 4-5, 1862, and under Gen. Stone-
man, guarding

fBvt. Major, May .5, 1863, for gallant and
meritorious conduct at tlie battle
of Williamsburg, Va. ]
the rear of the army, June 25 to June 29,
1862; in the Maryland campaign, Army of
the Potomac, September-November, 1862,
being engaged in a skirmish at South Moun-
tain, September 13, 1862; battle of South
Mountain, September 14, 1862; battle of
[Bvt. Lieut.-Col. September 17, 1863, for
gallant and meritorious conduct at
the battle of Antietam, Md.]
Antietam, September 17, 1862; skirmish of
SheperdstowQ, September 19-20, 1862, and
skirmish atRappahannock Station, November
7-8, 1862; on the march to Falmouth, Va. ;
in the Rappahannock campaign. Army of the
Potomac, December, 1862-February, 1863, be-
ing engaged in the battle of Fredericksburg,
December 13, 1862; on leave February 28 to
April 10, 1863; as chief of artillery of
Army of the Ohio, April 20, 1863.

[Lieut.-Col. 2d Oliio Heavy Artiller3^ Vol-
unteers, August 1, 1863.]
[Colonel 3d Ohio Heavy Artillery Volun-
teers, August 15, 1863.]
To January 22, 1864, he was employed in
recruiting and organizing his volunteer
regiment, June to September 23, 1863, and
in the defenses of the Louisville & Nash-
ville Railroad, October 10, 1863, to February
22, 1864; in command of district of north-
ern central Kentucky, February 22 to April
9, and in defenses of Louisville & Nashville
Railroad to May 15; in guarding railroads
debouching from Cleveland, Tenn., and con-
structing Forts McPherson and Sedgwick at
that place. May 26 to October 9, being en-
gaged in skirmish there, August 17, 1865 and
pursuit of the enemy August 22-28, 1864;
in command of London, Tenn., October 12
to November 18; in operations in east Ten-
nessee, opening communications with our
troops engaged at Strawberry Plains, Novem-
ber 18-20; nnder Gen. Ammen coverino-
Gen. Stoneman's raid into southwestern Vir-
ginia, December 10-20, 1864, and in com-
mand of Knoxville, Tenn., and Brigade
Twenty-third Army Corps and of the Army
of the Cumberland, January 28

[Bvt. Colonel, March 18, 186.5, for gallant
and meritorious conduct in the
field, during the war.]
[Bvt. Brigadier-General U. S. Volunteers,
March 13, 186.5, for gallant and meri-
torious service during the war.
Mustered out of Volunteer
Service, August 33, I860.]
to August 12, 1865; on leave to November
14, 1865; in garrison at -Jefferson Barracks to

[Major 3d Artillery, February 5, 1867.]
April 10, 1867: in command there, 1866,


and of Fort Preble, Me., April 23, 1867, to
April 29,1868; of Fort Adams, E. 1., to July
27 ;of Fort Preble, August 6,lS6S,to February
8. 1869, and m voyage and in command of
Barrancas. Fla., to May 25, 1870; on leave
May 25, 1870 to April 6, 1871; in garrison at
Newport Barracks, Ky., April 6, 1871, to
November 11,1872: in command of Fort Wads
worth, N. Y., November 13, 1872, to October

20, 1876; — in garrison at Columbia, S. C,
(inaugurating Gov. Chamberlain) October 22,
1876, to January 11, 1877, and in command of
Fort Wadsworth, N. Y., January 13 to July

21, 1877; at Mount Clare Depot, Baltimore,
Md., and in garrison at Mauch Chunk, Penn.,
suppressing railroad and mining disturbances,
July 22 to September 1, 1S77, and in com-
mand at Fort Wadsworth, N. Y., September
1, 1877 to July 5, 1882; inspecting encamp-
ment of National Guard of Pennsylvauia,
at Camp Alexander Hays, Pittsburg, Sep-
tember 7-14, 1880; in command of Fort Mc-

[Lieut.-Coloncl 2d Artillery, April 19, 1882.]
Henry, Md., to December 2, 1883; waiting
orders to J anuary 2, 1881 — and in command of
St. Francis Barracks, January 10, 1884, to
June. 1885, then at Washington, D.C.
[Colonel 3d Artillery. December 1, 188.3.]

Member of the "Aztec Club of 1847"
(Mexico), of the "California Pioneers of
San Francisco," and of the "Associated Pion-
eers of the Territorial Days of California,"
of New York (1849), of the "Fociety of the
Army of the Potomac;" of the "Cavalry As-
sociation of the Armies of the United States"
of the "George Washington Post No. 103 G.
A. R;" of the "Association of the Graduates
of the United States Military Academy"
(1847); and of the "Military Service Institu-
tion of the United States."

Gen. Gibson's full name is Horatio Gates
Jameson Gibson, and he is, as his name
indicates, a descendant of the Jamesons
of whom David Jameson was the founder in
this county. His grandfather. Dr. Horatio
Gates Jameson, after whom he was called,
was named after the Revolutionary Gen.
Gates. He married March 16, 1863* at St.
Louis, Mo., Harriett Leavenworth Atkinson,
nee Walker, daughter of Mary Houston and
Benjamin Walker, paymaster of the army,
and has the following surviving children,
Horatio Gates Jameson, Catharine Fisher,
Agnes, and Henry Kendrich.

GEN. M. P. SMALL, V. S. A.

Gen. M. P. Small was born at York,
and appointed to the Military Academy from
this district. He is major commissary of
subsistence. United States Army. The fol-

lowing record of his services is from Cul-

I lum's Biographical Register of the Graduates
of the United States Military Academy.

Military History. — Cadet at the United
States Military Academy from July 1, 1851,
to July 1, 1855, when he was graduated

j and promoted in the army to

[Bvt. Second Lieut, of Artillery, July 1, 1855.]
Served on frontier duty, at Benicia, Cal.,

; 1855; in Florida hostilities

[Second Lieut., 2d Artillery, September 21, 18.55.]
against the Seminole Indians, 1856-57; in
garrison at Fort Lafayette, N. Y., 1857, and
Fort McHenry, Md., 1857; on frontier duty
at Fort Leavenworth, quelling Kansas dis-
turbances, 1857-58; march to Utah, 1858 and
Fort Leavenworth, Kans., 1858-^9; in garri-
son at Fort Monroe, "Va. (Artillery School
for practice) 1859; on Harper's Ferry expedi-
tion to suppress John Bi'own's raid, 1859; in
garrison at Fort Monroe, Va. (Artillery School
for practice), 1859-61;

[First Lieut., 2d Artillery, April 27, 1861.]
and as quartermaster, Second Artillery, July
10 to August, 1861. Served during the re-
bellion of the seceding States, 1861-66 as

, [Capt. Staff Com. of Subsistence, August 3, 1861.]
commissary and quartermaster at Rolla, Mo.,

; of the southwestern district of Missouri,
September 4. 1861, to January 31, 1863; as.
mustering officer and depot commissary and
quartermaster, at Rolla, Mo., January 21,
1862 to January 31, 1863; as inspecting
commissary of subsistence of the department
of the Missouri, February 1 to March 31,
1863; as chief of commissariat of the district
of Minne.'^ota, department of the northwest,
and depot, and purchasing commissary at
St. Paul, Minn., April 10 to August 22, 1863;
as chief commissary of the Thirteenth Army
Corps, and of the army in the Held, in the
Teche CamjDaign (Department

[Lieut.-Col. Staff U. S. Volunteers, Sep-
tember 15, 1863, to December 29, 1865.]
of the Gulf), September 15 to November 9,
1863; as purchasing and depot commissary
at Chicago, 111., and supervising commissary
of the States of Illinois and Indiana, De-
cember 30, 1863 to February 15, 1864; as
chief commissary of the department of Vir-
ginia and North Carolina, at Fort Monroe,
Va., (supplying the "armies operating
against Richmond" on the James River),
ifebruary 22, 1864, to

[Bvt. Col. U. S. Volunteers, January 1,

1865, for distinguished and merito-ious

services in the campaign of 1863

and 1864]


February 21, 1865; of the army of the
James and department of Virginia, February
21 to June, 1865, and in the final campaign
in Virginia against the Confederate Army
under Gen. Lee, issuing rations to that army
at its surrender;* of military division of
the southwest, and military division

[Bvt. Major, Bvt. Lieut.-Col., aad Bvt. Col-
onel March 13, 1865, for meritorious
services in the Subsistence Depart-
ment during the Rebellion.]
[Bvt. Brig. -General, April 9, 1865, for
faithful and meritorious services in
the Subsistence Department during
the Rebellion.]
of the Gulf (ex-offioio colonel United States
volunteers). May 25 to December 29, 1865;
as purchasing and depot commissary at New
Orleans, La., July 25 to December 5, 1865;
as purchasing and depot commissary at Nash-
ville, Tenn., and supervising commissary of
the States of Kentucky, Tennessee and por-
tions of Alabama and Georgia, February 17
to November 6, 18G6; as chief commissary,
department of the Tennessee, November 6, 1866

rrender, sends to the Baltimore Sim the tbllowiug

Headquartees Depaetment of Dakota,)
Office Chief Commissaey of Subsistence, y

St. Paul, Minn., April 25, 1879. J
Dear Badeau:

Your favor of April 7th was received yesterday. Irememher
the matter you allude to in your letter very well. After the
terms for the surrender of Lee's army had been arranged, (April
9, 1S65,) Gen. Lee asked Gen. Grant to have rations issued to his
army. Gen. Grant, turning to me, said; "Colonel, feed Gen.
Lee's army." I asked: "How many men have tliev?" Gen.
Grant repeated my question, addressing Gen. Lee, 'Gen. Lee
went into an explanation to show why he could not tell the
number of his men. He said " I have not a complete organiza-
tion in my army. . . . Many companies are commanded by
non-commissioned officers. The books are lost." When he got
thus far I said, suggestively: "Say 25,000 men." Gen. Lee said
" Yes, 25,000." I went from the room at once, and meeting Col.
M. P. Small, chief commissary of Gen. Ord's army asked him if
he could spare three days' rations (I think it was three days,,
of beef, salt and bread for the Army of Northern Virginia, num-
bering 25,000 men. He said: " I guess I can." I was not at all
certain that he could do it, because we had been having some
lively marching, and I doubted if the provision trains and herd
were up with the troops. But Small was equal to the emergency
and I told him to issue the rations.

You remember we started back to City Point the afternoon of
the next day, April 10, and I did not take much more interest
in the number of men constituting the Army of Northern Vir-
ginia. I have since learned that the number of men of that
army paroled at the time, officers and men, was 26,115, divided
as follows, viz.:

Cavalry Corps.

Officers 213

Men 1,501

Artillery Corps.

Officers 237

Men 2,797

Longstreets' Corps.

Officers ],.527

Men 13,:K3

Gordon's Corps.


, 5,833

Totals 23,464 2,651

Y'ou may be certain that this is correct.

You may remember that Fitz Lee went off with his cavalry
and that Gen. Lee sent out after him to come in and surrender.
He came in, I think, after we left. I remember you very well
and pleasantly.

M. R. Morgan,
Brevet Brlgadler-Gene,ral, U. S. A.

To Gen. Adam Badeau, Consulate-General United States,
London, England.

to March 16, 1867, and of the department of
the Cumberland, March 16, 1867 to July 26,
1869; and purchasing and depot commissary
at Louisville, Ky., December 1, 1866 to July
26, 1869; in settling accounts at Washington,
D. C, to September, 1869; as chief commis-
sary, department of California, and purchas-
ing and depot commissary at San Francisco,
Cal., September 30, 1869, to December 12,
1872; as chief commissary, department of
Arizona, at Prescott, Ariz., February 20, 1873,
to May 25, 1875, and acting

[Major Staff-Commissary of Subsistence,
June 23, 1874.]
chief quartermaster, June 23 to May 10,
1874; and purchasing and depot commissary,
Chicago, III., June 25. 1875, to November
30, 1880; as chief commissary, department
of Texas, and .purchasing and depot cornmis-
sary at San Antonio , Tex. , from November
80, 1880 to August 31, 1883; purchasing and
depot commissary at New York City, N. Y.,
from September 22, 1883, up to the present


This officer was born in York, and was ap-
pointed to the military academy from this^
district. His military record is taken from
Cullum's register of West Point graduates,
as follows:

Military History. — Cadet at the United
States Military Academy from July 1, 1861,
to June 23, 1865, when he was graduated and
promoted in the army to

Second Lieut. 17th Infantry, June 33, 1865;
First Lieut. 17th Infantry,
June 28, 1865.
Served in garrison at Fort Preble, Me., Octo-
ber, 1865, and at Hart Island, N. Y. , Novem-
ber, 1865-ApriI, 1866; as adjutant 2d Bat-
talion, 17th Infantry, April 26 to August 1,
1866; on frontier duty at Indianola, Tex.,
April-May, 1866, and at San Antonio, Tex.,.
May- August, 1866: on recruiting service,
August 15, 1866 to December, 1867.

[Transferred to 26th Infantry September 21,
1866. Captain 26th Infantry, July
81, 1867.]
on frontier duty at Brownsville, Tex., Feb-
ruary, 1868, to June, 1869; Fort Brown,
Tex., to January, 1870; and Fort Mcintosh,
Tex., to January 31, 1871;

[Unassigned May 19, 1869.]-
on leave of absence, to July 30, 1871; in gar-

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