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History of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present online

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and the certificates of incorporation, and the
certificates of incorporation required by the
act of assembly of 1874, regulating corpo-
rations. Said committee to report to a sub-
sequent meeting to be held here."

The chair appointed on that committee
James W. Latimer, Esq.. Drs. Eoland, Wiest,
Cathcart, and Mr. Smith. The committee in
due time obtained a charter under the name
of- the York Hospital and Dispensary Asso-
ciation, and adopted a constitution, by-laws
and rules and regulations. In February,
18S0, an election for nine directors for the
hospital and dispensary was held in the
rooms of the Young Men's Christian Associa-

The following gentlemen were elected:
Samuel Small, Sr., Dr. W. S. Roland, Frank
Geise, Jere Carl, E. Gr. Smyser, David E.
Small, Drs. E. W. Meisenhelder, John Wiest
and Thomas L. Cathcart.

On June 3, 1880, the medical society held
its first meeting in the new rooms at the
York hospital, at which place they have met
to the present time.

The hospital was attended gratuitously by
the members of the medical society until
May, 1885. Several important surgical oper-
ations were performed, and a large number
of out-door patients prescribed for gratu-
itously by members of the York Count}' Medi-
cal Society.

In 1881 the society passed a resolution re-
quiring all students of medicine to pass a
literary examination before they could enter
the office of any member of the society to
begin the study of medicine. This rule has
been strictly adhered to by the members of
the society, but am sorry I can not say the
same of the medical colleges.

From 1767 to 1806 all the medical students
from York County received their medical edu-
cation at the University of Pennsylvania.
From that time to the present, part received
their education at the Baltimore schools.
From 1846 to 1860 the greater part of the
students from the county attended lectiires at
the medical department of the Pennsylvania
College at Philadelphia. Since 1860 the Jef-
ferson Medical College at Philadelphia has
had the largest patron age from the county, with

I the University of Pennsylvania next, followed
by the University of Maryland and other ^
schools of Baltimore and New York City.

On the •27th of June, 1862, a United States
hospital was established at York by Dr. C.
W. Jones, of Delaware. The hospital was
located on the commons in buildings erected
early in January for the accommodation of
the Sixth New York Cavalry. Dr. Jones
was succeeded by Dr. Henry Palmer, in the
fall of 1862; Dr. Palmer was succeeded by
Dr. S. J. W. Mintzer of Philadelphia, Sep-
tember 7, 1864; Dr. A. R. Blair of York served
as acting assistant surgeon United States
Army executive officer during the existence of
the hospital, which closed its usefulness in
the fall of 1865. The assistant surgeons on
duty at the hospital at some time or other
were as follows: Drs. Henry F. Bowen, Henry
L. Smyser, George Byers, E. F. Spaulding,
Samuel J. Rouse, J. Spencer Stokes, John
H. Furhman, Henry L. Rowland, James
Bardwell, C. E. Woodward, W. L. Robinson,
James McGuigen, James O. Neil, James W.
Kerr, Daniel F. Batdorf, Samuel J. Wilt-
bank, James M. Shearer, Jacob Hay, H. C.
De Grau, Peter C. Snyder, George R. Hursh
and J. C. Painter.
I The mortality, when compared with the
! large number of patients admitted, was re-
j markably light in the York hospital, which
speaks well for those who had charge of the
hospital, as it did also for the heathly loca-

Over fourteen thousand wounded and

sick soldiers were admitted to this hospital

during the war; of these only about two hun-

I dred died; over half were returned to the

army restored.

The York physicians connected with the

j hospital were Drs. Blair, Kerr, Jacob Hay,

! Smyser, Rouse, Wiltbank, McGuigen; from

I York County, Drs. Bardwell, Shearer and


On September 1, 1883, through the efforts
of Dr. J. Wiest, a dispensary for the treat-
ment of eye, ear and throat was organized
for the gratuitous treatment of diseases af-
fecting these organs; a suitable room was
I rented and supplied with proper instruments
for the treatment of disorders of the eye, ear
and throat. Since its organization over 300
persons from various parts of the county
have applied for relief, and a number of op-
erations performed, among them one for the
removal of a growth requiring the extirpa-
tion of the parotid gland; several opera-
tions for cataract, a number for the relief of
strabismus, a few for obstruction of the lach-
rymal duct, and a number of minor opera-


Itions. The medical department is in charge |
of Dr. J. Wiest, who has charge of eye dis-
eases and the correct ion of errors of refrac
[tioD, assisted by Dr. W. H. Wagner, who
treats deafness and diseases of the ear, and j
Dr. Z. C. Myers on throat and nose troubles. \
The medical attendants are assisted by stu- j
dents Samuel B. Pfaltzgraff and Allen Gr.
Smith. The expenses of the institution are
defrayed by contributing members; they pay
annually $1 per year, and have the privilege
of sending poor persons for treatment;.

The physicians at present engaged in the
practice of medicine in York are Dr. James W.
Kerr, who commenced to practice in 1840 in
partnership with Dr. McGlellan until 1844,
when he opened an office himself, and has been
in active practice ever since. Dr. Kerr has
the reputation of a skillful physician, and has
always had a lai'ge practice. He has been a
member of the pension board for mauy years,
and is an earnest worker in the Sunday-
school. Dr. Jacob Hay, who succeeded his
father, and his brother, Dr. John Hay (de-
ceased), has a large practice. He graduated
at the University of Maryland. He has been
member of the board of school control for a
number of years. Dr. James McKinnon has
the reputation of being a skillful surgeon
and has a good practice. He served as sur-
geon in the army during the war, physician
to the almshouse for several years, and a
member of the Pennsylvania Legislature, ses-
sion of 1885. Dr. A. R. Blair held the of-
fice of county superintendent of the public
schools from 1857 to 1862, and assistant sur-
geon and executive officer of the United
States Hospital at York from 1862 to 1865.
Dr. Roland has been pension examiner for a
number of years, and a member of the State
Board of Agriculture, and director and sec-
retary of the York County Agricultural Soci-
ety. Dr. John Ahl practiced medicine for
a number of years at Dover before he moved
to York. He has been coroner for six years,
and physician to the almshouse for several
years. Dr. E. W. Meisenhelder graduated
at the Jefferson Medical College in 1868;
practiced medicine with his father at East
Berlin, Adams County, a few years before he
moved to York. He takes an active part in
politics. He has been secretary of the med-
ical examiners for pensioners for a number
of years.

Dr. L. M. Lochman commenced the prac-
tice of medicine at Manchester Borough;
served on the sanitary commission during
the war.

Dr. C. M. Nes succeeded his father and
had a large practice until a few years ago,

when he partially retired from the practice of

Dr. B. F. Spangler graduated at the Jef-
ferson Medical College in 1868, and has
practiced his profession in York ever since,
enjoying a lucrative practice. His brother,
Dr. J. R. Spangler, graduated at the same
college in 1870, and also has a good practice.

Dr. J. Wiest graduated at the University
of Michigan in 1867, and practiced his pro-
fession in Jackson Township until .1878,
when he was elected to the legislature. He
served in the legislative session of 1879. He
was re-elected in 1880, and served another
session in 1881. While in the legislature
he served on all the important committees,
and was an important factor in passing the
Medical Registration Bill. He also served
on the revenue commission in 1881 with
Gov. Hoyt, Cyrus Elder, Silas Wright, Hon.
Buckalew, and others. He also had a
bill passed appropriating $7,000 to the York
Hospital and Dispensary Associations. Dr.
Wiest has been a frequent contributor to the
various newspapers of the county, as well as
to the medical journals. Several years ago
he retired from the regular practice to de-
vote his time to the treatment of eye dis-
eases, and has established for himself a large
and paying j^ractice in this specialty. He
was appointed pension surgeon under Cleve-
land's administration, and elected secretary
of the Pension Board.

Dr. W. H. Wagner graduated at the Jef-
ferson Medical College in 1881, and has
already built up for himself a fine practice.

Dr. I. Gable graduated at the University
of Pennsylvania in 1876, and has a good
paying practice.

Dr. Z. C. Myers graduated at the Univer-
sity of Maryland. Is the present attending
physician at the almshouse.

Drs. Alfred Long, F. X. Weile, Jordy,
King, Gotwald, J. B. Kain, S. Miller, I.
Ickes and Beltz are physicians who have lo-
cated in York within the last five years and
are doing a good practice.

Of the physicians practicing- in other
parts of the county, we have Dr. G. R. Hursh,
in Fairview Township. Dr. Hursh served
in the Pennsylvania Legislature in 1869 and
1870. Dr. W. E. Sweiler, at Yocumtown,
i with a large practice; Dr. P. D. Baker, a
rising young physician at Franklintown;
Dr. Bailey, with a paying practice at Dills-
burgh; Dr. A. C. Heteric, of Wellsville;
Dr. J. A. Reynerd, at Goldsborough; Dr. J.
M. Gross, at Dover; Dr. E. W. Melshei-
mer, at Davidsburgh, and Dr. J. C. May — all
with large practices and established reputa-


tation, attending to the ailments of the citi-
zens of the upper end of York County; while
in the lower end. Dr. W. F. Smith, of Air-
ville, who was a surgeon during the late war;
Dr. B. F. Porter, of Chauceford, who was a
member of the Pennsylvania Legislature in
1869 and 1870; Dr. J. S. Heteric, at New
Freedom; Dr. G. P. Yost, at Glen Rock, at
present a member of the Pension Board; Dr.
George Holtzappel. at Logansville; Dr.
Hildebrant, at Winterstown; Dr. J. M. Hy-
son, at Red Lion; Dr. J. R. Martin, of
Stewartstown, are physicians well known
throughout the lower end of the county, and
enjoying the confidence and respect of the
communities in which they practice their

In "Windsor Township Dr. W. Bigler, a
member of the Pennsylvania Legislative ses-
sion of 18S3, has a good practice. In Hel-
1am, Dr. ,J. A. Armstrong and Dr. William
Deisinger have good paying practices. At
Wrightsville. Dr. Thompson and Dr. G. A.
Rebman have, for many years, attended to
the wants of the sick.

In Jackson Township, Dr. G. W. Metzger
succeeded Dr. C. S. Picking, deceased, and
Dr. L. A. Roth took the place of Dr. Wiest,
moved to York.

Dr. M. A. Hoke and Dr. C. Bahn, located
in the new town of Spring Grove, and have
grown up with the place.

At Jefierson Dr. William Brinkman suc-
ceeded Dr. Hambaugh about forty years ago,
and for a long time attended to all the sick
in the town and surrounding country, until
1870, when Dr. Z. C. Jones moved to the
place and soon built up for himself a fine

In Codorus Dr. W. G. Stick has a large
practice, and has a good reputation as an eye

At Seven Valleys Dr. Allen Glatfelter has
a good practice. He succeeded Dr. Weiser,
deceased, who practiced medicine at this
place from about 1850 until he died, in 1876.

At Shrewsbury Dr. E. W. Gerry and his
brother. Dr. James Gerry, have practiced
medicine in partnership for many years, and
have a large practice in the town and sur-
rounding townships. Dr. H. G. Bussey has
been practicing his profession in the same
place for over half a centm-y. He served the
county as prothonotary for one term, and was
elected a member of the State senate in 1875,
and was re-elected for a second term.

In Shrewsbury Township Dr. G. Taylor
has a large practice. He takes a prominent
part in the affairs of the township, and in
the politics of the county.

I Homoeopathy was introduced into York
: County by one Dr. Ehrman, who came here
1 with his family from Germany, in 1823. His
j son. Dr. Ernest J. Ehrman, studied medicine
under his father, and, in 1844 he located at i
Liverpool, where he was the first homeo-
pathic practitioner. Dr. P. Scheurer, a
Lutheran minister, located at Hanover in
1839, and established the system of homeop-
j athy in that place. He attended to his min-
isterial duties and practiced medicine until
I he died, a few years ago. In 1846, Dr.
George Brickly began practicing homeopa-
thy in York. His sons. Dr. O. C. Brickly,
and Dr. J. W. Brickly have both established
lucrative practices in York. The forn
graduated at the Homeopathic College of
Pennsylvania in 1855, and the latter in I8i
Drs. B. T. Reich and Yeagler, practicing
York, have become physicians of note among
the believers of homeopathy.

Dr. E. A. Wareheim is having an exten-
sive practice at Glen Rock. Dr. D. B. Grove,
a graduate of the New York Homeopathic
College, is at present practicing homeopathy
at Hanover, and Dr. J. D. Keller at Glenn
ville. He succeeded his father, Dr. Keller,
now deceased, who practiced homeopathy and
domestic medicines in the Manheim and Codo-
rus Townships for many years.

[From Medical Annals of Baltimore, by .Tohn N. Qulnan.]
JAMESON, HORATIO G., M. D.,* born in
Pennsylvania, 1778; University of Maryland 1813;
Consulting Surgeon Baltimore City Hospital, 1819-
3.5; Consulting Physician Board of Health. Balti-
more, 1833-3.5; Professor of Surgeiy and Surgical
Anatomy, Washington Medical University, 1837-35,
and one of its incorporators, 1837; Member Amer-
ican Medical Association, 1856; Professor of Sur-
fery Cincinnati Medical College, 1835; member
'hilosophical Societies of Berlin, Moscow, etc. :
editor Maryland Medical Recorder, 1839-33, and
- — -; died in New York, 18.55.

[Gives subjects of Medical works, treatises, el
ceteriB, of which he was the author, published from
1813 to 1856, included in which are two volumes —
"American Domestic Medicine, 1817, "and "A Trea-
tise on Cholera, 1854," and treatise "On Yellow
Fever, intended to prove the necessity of V. S.
(Blood-letting) in that disease," and "On the Non-
Contagiousness of Yellow Fever," (read before the
Medical Section of tlie Literary Assembly, held in
the city of Hamburg) 1830] .

"Dr. H. G. Jameson was no doubt one of the
ablest surgeons of his day. He took away, for the
first time in the world, nearly the entire Upper Jaw
(1830); in May, 1830, he ligated the E.xternal Iliac
Artery; in 1833, he performed Tracheotomy, the
first in Baltimore; in 1834, he e.xcised the Crevis
Uteri, (the first in Great Britain or America). He
was the first in Baltimore to attempt Ovariotomy,"
— "The Surgeons of Baltimore and their Achieve-
ments," (Read before the Medical and Chirurgical
Faculty of Maryland, at their meeting in honor of
the Sesqui-Centennial of Baltimore, October 13,
1880, by Bernard B. Browne, M. D.). While physi-

*See pp. 392 and 455.

dan to the Board of Health, Baltimore, he obtained
vaccine virus by vaccinating a cow. — See his report,

1830, January, Dr. H. G. Jameson removes the
upper maxilloe, after trying the carotid. (The first
ODeration of the kind on record). — Gross.

1831, August, Dr. Jameson (H. G.) ligates the
external iliac artery for aneurism.

1833, October 30, Dr. Jameson (among the first
in Maryland) performs Tracheotomy. He also at-
tempts Ovariotomy, but fails (first attempt in Balti-
more). He also (the first in Great Britain or Amer-
ica) excises the Necli of Uterus.

1836, August 25, Dr. Jameson successfully oper-
ates for stone.

1827. March 18. Washington College, of "Wash-
ington. Penn., authorizes the establishment of a
Medical School in Baltimore. Faculty are H. G.
Jameson, Surgery; Samuel K. Jennings, Materia
Medica and Therapeutics; William W. Handy,
Obstetrics and Diseases of Women; James H. Mil-
ler, Practice; Samuel Annan, Anatomy and Physiol-
ogy; John W. Vethake, Chemistry. They organize
and lecture on Holliday Street, opposite the old City

1831. March 7, Dr. H. G. Jameson secures virus
by vaccinating a cow.

18.53.. Dr. Horatio Gates Jameson ob. set. 77
(in New York).



THE conditions which make York County
soil productive, the study of its geology
interesting, and that geology itself varied, are
due to effects of movement in early geological
time, which, compared with those which have
shaped our continent, are so small that
'their results can hardly be represented
upon a geological map of the United States
of ordinary size. Yet, in a rough and gen-
eral way, York County is a partial imitation,
on a very small scale, of the United States;
inasmuch as, like that part of the American
continent, it consists of a belt of Archaean
rocks in the northwest, of another in
the southeast, and its intermediate por-
tions are made up of newer formations
containing fossils. Indeed, owing to the oc-
currence of the marl in Carroll Township,
near Dillsburg (and perhaps a few instances
of cavities in the limestone filled with lignite
and vegetable i-emains similar to those exist-
ing at the present day), it may be said that
each of the five great divisions of the rocks
of our planet, viz.: the "original" (?)or Ar-
chaean; the "old life,'' or Palaeozoic; the
"middle life" or Mesozoic; the "new life" or
fCainozoic (including under this head for
our purpose the Quaternary and Recent), and


the eruptive or Igneous, has a represen-
tative (or several of them) within the confines
of the county. If it were of interest or prof-
it, the analogy might be pushed a little far-
ther to include the occurrence of the igneous
rocks in the northwest; the broad belt of
Mesozoic strata which abut upon the Arch-
aean (but in the case of the continent also
upon numerous masses of new rocks which
are scattered over a great part of their junc-
tion); by the contact of the Palaeozoic (Silu-
rian in both cases) on the southeast border of
the Mesozoic and the contact on the southeast
of the latter formation with the Archaean.
The last feature of the United States geology
which fails in the case of York County, is the
border line of new life or Cainozoic rocks to
the southeast of all the above formations;
but even this might be supplied if the limits
of the county were pushed a comparatively
short distance across Mason and Dixon's
line, into the State of Maryland. But
enough has been made of this fancy, which is
only introduced in order to fix more securely
upon the memory the fact that, geologically
speaking. York County may be considered to
be a part of a great accidented plain, of
which the general trend is east of north and
west of south. Its valleys, or portions of
them, have successively formed the ocean bot-
tom of four or five different geological
epochs, probably extending from first to last
over many million years.

A short explanation of the ordinarily re-
ceived divisions or groupings of these rocks
must here preface a description of the coimty.
As in other sciences there is very great diffi-
culty in finding a terminology which is ac-
ceptable to the largest number of workers,
and the number of times that such geological
terminologies have been proposed, employed
for a time and at last partially or completely
abandoned^ furnishes a fair measure of the
fluctuations of opinion, which are yet going
on, and which always precede the successful
establishment of a theory. Without entering
into details, it may be said that one of the
early propositions was to divide all the rocks
of the globe into pvimarij. secondary and
tertiary ; understanding those names to relate
to succession in age, and not to modes of
formation. In other words it was meant that
such and such rocks were first formed;
another set were next formed; and yet another
series was formed after the last.* Such a
nomenclature would be very convenient
were it not that we cannot ascertain what

«By Persifor Frazer, Docteurts-Sciences Naturelles (Uni- | » It was nofmeant merely to imply that the so-called sec

iit§ de France); Professor of Chemistry, Franklin Institute, 1 ondary rocks were made out of primary rocks, or by a second

versit6 de France);

fWritten frequently Cenozoic.

ary process of formation, though

, large


rocks are the first, and the second, and
the third; and the "physical breaks," as
they are called, are frequently not greater
between the supposed primary and secondary
series, than between successive members of
the same series. This attempt having failed,
was very generally abandoned; but while
the names ''primary'' and "secondary"
were suppressed, and thus the whole system
destroyed as an idea, the terms "tertiary"
and ''quaternary" are very generally em-
ployed to designate the later divisions of
rocks. A similar, but much more elastic
scheme was devised to classify the rocks of
the State, by the first State geologist of
Pennsylvania. Prof. H. D. Rogers. He
took the lowest rocks to be below the fossil-
iferons (i. e. : to have been formed before liv-
ing animals or plants existed), and these
rocks (usually gneiss) he called Hypozoic,* or
"under the living things." In common
with many others, he included the "second-
ary" for the most part, in the "Palaeo-Zoic,"
or "old forms of life." and in part with
under the "Meso-Zoic," or middle-aged
forms of life. The "tertiary" fell into the
Caino-Zoic, or "new forms of life." He
gave also special names to individual mem-
bers of the Palfeozoic, which, were they all
constant in characters over large areas,
would be greatly preferable to the local, non-
committal and sometimes barbarous names
given shortly afterward by the New York
geologists, to the same or cotemporaneous for-
mations in their own State. Rogers's names
were "primal" (or the beginning of life),
"Auroral" (or the daioi of life); " Matinal"
(or the morning, same metaphor); " Sur-
gent" or rising, etc., to the lower divisions
of the Palaeozoic; and " Cadent " (or fall-
ing), "Umbral" (or darkening); "Vesper,
tine" (or evening), etc., to the later divisions.
The insurmountable objection to these terms
was, that they did not describe any general
state of facts. Thus it might be asked: Of
what are these rocks the beginning, dawn,
evening? Certainly not of life, for the
terms expressing the later members were
known to be inappropriate then, and at the
present time, when evidences of life in rocks,
much earlier than those called "Primal," by
Rogers, are abundant, the terms applying to
the first members of this series are equally

* A very poor substitnte for this term is " Azoic," or without
life, which will be found on the maps of York and Lancaster
Counties, and was put there by the Chief geologist. This
merely replaces one inaccurate term by another ; for, if we
have no reason to conclude that these rocks are of earlier date
than the appearance of living things, it is because we find they
contain the remains of such living things, and therefore, cannot
be Azoic any more than Hypozoic. Eozoic, or early life, is the
least ob.iectionable, though its strict accuracy is open to doubt
like the other terms.

SO. The New York geologists adopted the
course of giving a name to each formation,
which should either recall the locality where
it was characteristically displayed: such as
the "Potsdam Sandstone," the '' Marcellus
Shales," the "Oneida Conglomerate," etc., or
describe it lithologically, as the " Calciferous
Sandrock." This system would be a good
one for provisional use, were it not that in
addition to the geographical designation, a
lithological definition is added, which, be-
cause restricted in the area to which it is
1 applicable, is often as inaccurate as the time
i description of Rogers. Thus the "Potsdam
I Sandstone" is a "Hellam Township Quart-
! zite," in York County, and Prof. Fontaine,
of Vii-ginia, thinks it represented by a peeu-
j liar schist containing quartz fragments in
Virginia; and some persons are sure that it
occurs in other places as a gneiss. The
I "Calciferous Sandrock" of New York is the
same formation which makes up the major
j part of the broad and fertile limestone val-
leys of Lancaster, York, Cumberland and
Franklin Counties, etc., where it is not a
sandrock at all.

It is plain that there are various objections
to every system yet proposed. As the best
compromise with them, I will here adopt a

Online LibraryJohn GibsonHistory of York County Pennsylvania From the Earliest Time to the Present → online text (page 95 of 218)