Hon. George Cockayne, who died at Rushton 12 July, 1722. (Seethe note in p. 441.)]
' To this Mr. John Cokaine, Sir Aston Cokayne the Poet addresses the following
verses (see Epigram No. 7, p. 197, edit. 1669) : —
" To my honest kinsman Mr. John Cokaine,
'* When at your Pigeon-house we meet sometime
(Though bawling Puritans call it a crime),
And pleasant hours from serious thoughts do steal,
With a fine little glass and temperate ale,
Talk of Sir Cokaine, and how near
He was allied to Will the Conquerer ;
Liv'd* in his reign at Heuningham Castle, and
That lately there his bows and arrows did stand,
That there his sword and buckler hung, and that
(If they have scap'd these times) th' are all there yet.
Some fall asleep, because healths are but few,
And care not for such tales, though ne're so true,
So as (through too much drink) we see sleep come
On others, it for too little falls on some.''
* " Attested by the same Mr. John Cokaine of Rushton, my lord's cousin-
germane, who had an antient evidence to prove it."
Sir Aston Cokayne was the head of the Cokayne family, and, consequently, the
inheritor of their large estates in Derbyshire and Warwickshire, of which Ashbourn,
in the former county, had been in the family since the time of Stephen, He was
created a Baronet by Charles the First, about 10 Jan. 1641-2 ; but the docket was
lost during the Civil Wars. He wrote some plays, and several poems. One of the
latter, No. 88, p. 182, edit. 1669, is addressed "To the Right Honourable Charles
Lord Cokaine, Viscount Cullen," whom he there calls '' a grace unto our family
name:" another. No. 102, p. 186, "To the Lady Mary Cokaine, Viscountess
CuUen," to whom also he dedicates his translation of Loredano's Romance of
Dianea, pub. 1654, in which dedication he tells her that her "excellent spirit is
replete with as many of the sublimest vertues, as your beautifuU body is composed
of i-egall and noble bloods, derived to you from illustrious families of England and
Ireland." Two other poems. No. 5 and G, pp. 195 and 196, are " To Mr. Bryan
Cokaine," and to "Mrs. Elizabeth Cokaine, his Lady," who was his cousin by
his mother's family, the Stanhopes of Elvaston, in co. Derby. This Bryan and
Elizabeth were afterwards the second Lord and Lady Cullen (see p. 448, infra).
Sir Aston Cokaine was a great suflferer in the Royal cause, and died a ruined man
(having long since sold all liis estates) at Derby in Feb. 1683-4, aged 75, and was
buried on the 13th with his ancestors at Polesworth church, co. Warwick* He had
one son, Thomas, who married, but died in his father's lifetime without issue, and
448 FAMILY OF COCKAYNE,
At Sibbertoft in Northamptonshire, on a flat marble stone in
the chancel, near the priest's door, on the south side under the
same arms in a lozenge, is this inscription :
"Here lieth the body of Thomazine Cockayne, widd. relict of
John Cockayne, late of Rushton, in the county of North. Esq.
daught. of John Butler of Blakesley, in y^ s^^ county, Gent, who
deceased the 10^^ day of February, anno Dom. 1678.^^
[Note. — By her will, proved at the Prerogative Court June, 1679, it appears that
they had no family, as she leaves all her property to her nieces.]
On a large flat rough stone in All Saints' church, Rushton,
removed from St. Peter's, when it was pulled down, is this
inscription, " C. C. 1688," referring to Charles Cokayne, third
Viscount Cullen, who died 30th December, 1688. (See p. 442
On a large slab, also moved there from the ruins of St. Peter's,
is this inscription : — " In hopes of a blessed resurrection, here
lyeth the remains of the Lady Elizabeth Cullen, relique of
Bryan Lord Viscount Cullen. She was daughter and sole heir
of S^^ Francis Trentham,^ of Staffordshire, and from him derived
the rich Lordship of Rosceter in that county, and of Castle
Henningham, in the county of Essex : though this was a fair and
valuable heritage, yet that which came to her from y^ Lord was
more fair and much more valuable, — viz., 3 sons and 2 daugh-
ters, Charles, Trentham, George, Elizabeth, and Mary. This
Lady was left a Widdow about the 50th year of her age, and
continued a Widdow indeed above 25 years; when having for
so long time been a bright example of fervent Piety to her God,
of tender affection to her children, and of real charity to the
Poor, She begun to breathe after another Spouse, who might
eternaly reward her for her good and faithful service here ; and
she entered into His joy, and was Received into His Embraces
on the 30*^^ day of November, anno Domini 1713."
This great heiress, generally called the beautiful Lady Cullen,
was born in 1637, being the only child of Francis Trentham,
Esq., son and heir of Sir Thomas Trentham, of Rocester Priory,
two daughters, his coheirs, — Mary married first Thomas Henslow of Birchin, se-
condly William Lacy of Killmorton, Hants, Esq. — and Isabella, the second wife of
William Turville of Aston Flamville, co. Leicester, Esq. With him ended the line
of the Cockaynes of Ashbourne.
' Francis Trentham, Esq. He was never kuighted.
OF RUSHTON, CO. NORTHAMPTON. 449
CO. Staflbid, and his wife Prudence, daughter of Thomas Eyre,
of Hassop, CO. Derby, Esq. Her mother was EHzabeth, eldest
dau. of Sir Wm. Bowyer, of Knipersley, co. Stafford, Knt., and
his wife Hester, dau. of Sir William Skeffington, of Fisherwick,
Bart. She married Mr. Trentham 31 Oct. 1634, at Biddulph
in Staffordshire, and after his death, in 1645, remarried with her
cousin John Bowyer, Esq., by whom she had more issue. The
manner in which Lady Cullen inherited Castle Hedingham, and
other estates of the Earls of Oxford, was this — Edward de Vere,
seventeenth Earl of Oxford, married_, for his second wife, Eliza-
beth Trentham (one of the maids of honour to Queen Elizabeth),
daughter of Thomas Trentham, of Rocester Priory, co. Stafford,
Esq., and sister to Francis Trentham, afterwards of the same,
the great-grandfather of Elizabeth Viscountess Cullen. This
Francis advanced £10,000 to clear off the mortgages on the
Oxford estates, and in consideration thereof, by deed dated 8th
July, 1609, they were settled on Henry eighteenth Earl of
Oxford, only child of the said marriage, and his issue intail, with
remainder to the said Francis Trentham and his heirs in fee.
This remainder took effect in part on the death of the said
Henry Earl of Oxford, without issue, in 1625, and entirely on
the death of his widow, then the wife of the Earl of Elgin, in
1654, when Lady Cullen, as heir of her great-grandfather, suc-
ceeded to the estates.
She was betrothed to her lord in her l*2th year, he being only
16 ; after which they lived separately for some years, while he
went the grand tour of the continent. During these travels he
formed an attachment to a beautiful Italian lady, said to have
been a princess, who returned his affections with all the ardour
of her country, for she pursued him to England, and on the
very day of the celebration of his nuptials, while the youthful
bride and bridegroom were sitting down to a banquet in the
great hall at Rushton, the enraged lady arrived in a coach
and six horses, stopped at the portico ward, rushed into the
hall, upbraided her lover with his perfidy, and, after seizing a
gold chalice off the table as if to drink the health of the newly-
married pair, drank to their endless misery, and dashing the cup
to the ground to give more emphasis to her imprecations, knelt
down, and solemnly invoked the vengeance of heaven on the
bridegroom for his treachery, and pouring out horrid curses
VOL. III. 2 G '
against the bride, propheciecl that she would '^ live in wretched-
ness, and die in want." After this, she abruptly left the hall,
and returned to her own country. Although she never molested
them again, her curse was in a great measure fulfilled. The
marriage was a very unhappy one, from the dissipation of the
husband and the extravagance of the wife. Their rent-roll was
said at one time to amount to above 8,000/. a-year (see Morant's
Essex), an enormous sum in those days, but on the death of this
Lord Cullen, In 168T, his estates were mortgaged to nearly
their full value, and her ladyship, having previously sold her
paternal estates in Staffordshire, sold Castle Hedingham and the
Essex estates, on 2nd April, 1713, a few months before her
death, for the payment of her debts. She was one of the ladies
of the bedchamber to Queen Catharine, and her beauty was the
theme of much admiration among the wits of the court of
Charles II. Sir Peter Lely has painted two pictures of her,
one a full-length, in a reclining posture, as Venus, which used
to be in the Bugle Room at Rushton, but now belongs to the
Hon. Mrs. Pery, of Cottingham House, Northamptonshire, and
the odier, a three-quarters length, in a sitting posture, as large
as life (being a picture of great merit), which now belongs to
the Hon. Mrs. Maunsell, of Cheltenham Lady Cullen fre-
quently gave the Duke of Monmouth an asylum during the
years 1682 and 1683, when he was in disgrace with his father.
He presented her with his picture, a half-length, also by Sir P.
Lely, which is now the property of the Hon. Mrs. Adams, of
Thorpe, in Surrey. The room in which he was concealed at
Rushton Hall is still called the Duke's room. Lady Cullen
died at Kettering, and was buried at St. Peter's, Rushton, aged
On a large slab, in the family vault" at All Saints^ church,
Rushton : — " Here lies the Body of Charles, 5*^^ Viscount and
Baron Cullen of the county of Donegal, in Ireland, whose An-
cestors were so created by King Charles the First, Aug. IJ,
1642 ; he was Lord of the Manor of Rushton, &;c. &c., which
" The bui'ial-place of the CocT<aynes in All Saints' church, Rushton, was in a
large lofty vault underneath a chauntry, at the east end of the north aisle, which
chauntry was walled off from the church. When the church was restored, in 1853,
this chauntry was thrown into the church, and, in order to reduce its floor to a level
with that of the chancel, the vault was destroyed. This Lord Cullen was the first
of his family buried at All Saints.
OF RUSHTON, CO. NORTHAMPTON. 451
he inherited from his worthy progenitor Sir William Cockayne,
who purchased the same a.d. 1619, and was the son of William,
who was the son of Roger Cockayne, of Badesley Ensor, in the
county of Warwick, son of William^ second son of Sir John
Cockayne, and Isabella, daughter of Sir Hugh Shirley. Sir
John Cockayne was son of Edmond Cockayne and Elizabeth de
Hertzull, heiress of Sir Richard dc Hertzull, of Pooley, in the
said county ; which Edmond was the son of Sir John Cockayne,
and Agnes,^ daughter of Sir Richard Vernon, lord of Haddon,
and was lineally descended in the male line from Andreas
Cockayne, lord of Ashbourne, &c. ^c, in the county of Derby,
A.D. 1135. In addition to his antient and honourable descent
ill this country, he became the Representative of the Elder
Branch of the Illustrious house of O'Brien in Ireland, being the
immediate descendant of the Lady Mary, wife of Charles 1st
Viscount Cullen, and eldest daughter and coheiress of Henry
O'Brien, 5th Earl of Thomond, and Baron of Ibrican.
" Here also are deposited the remains of Sophia, Viscountess
Cullen, his second wife, daughter of John Baxter, Esq^^., and
Aii7i^ his wife, sister and heiress of George Woodward, Esq^^.,
of Stoke Lyne, in Oxfordshire.
"He died, aged 91, June 7tii, 1802; she died, aged 63, July
13^'', 1802. In their Lives they were united, and in their
Deaths they were not divided. This stone is inscribed by their
son, William Cockayne, in affectionate regard for their memory,
This nobleman, the fifth Viscount, was born 21 Sept. ITIO,
being the only child of the fourth Viscount. At the age of
five years, his mother having died previously, he succeeded to
his father's titles and estates in April, 1716 (see note to his
burial, page 443, ante.) These he enjoyed for 86 years, till his
death in June, 1802, a longer period, I believe, than any noble-
man has ever enjoyed his title in tliis country. His guardians
were his maternal uncle, Borlase Warren, of Stapleford Hall,
Notts. Esq. M.P. and his great-uncle, the Hon. George
▼ This is a mistake : this Agnes Vernon married John Cokayne, the son of the
said Edmond, whose father, Sir John, married Cecilia, relict of Robert Ireton of
Ireton, co. Derby, and had the said Edmond, his son and heir, and Sir John Cok-
ayne, the founder of the Cokaynes of Cokayne Hatley, Beds. The rest of the
pedigree is correct.
^ Her name was Sophia, not Anne.
2 G 2
452 FAMILY OF COCKAYNE,
Cockayne, who by his prudent management paid off the incum-
brances on the Rushton property, and purchased an estate at
Isham^ in Northamptonshire, worth 35,000/. and lands at Kel-
marsh and Theddingworth, in the said county and Leicester-
shire, out of the savings during this minority. Of the forty-four
years that followed the death of Bryan the second Viscount, in
1687, the estates were thirty-five years in the management of
guardians during the long minorities of the fourth Viscount and
of this his son the fifth Viscount, so that the extravagances of the
said Bryan and his Lady were in a great measure redeemed,
though not without the sale of Elmsthorpe and the Leicestershire
estates, in 1709. Lord Cullen also possessed a valuable estate
and the manor of Grindlow, in Derbyshire, which was left in
1714^ ])y Frances Countess of Bellomont, sister of the third
Viscountess Cullen, to his father, her nephew, the fourth
Viscount, in whose descendants it remained till the coheiresses
of the last Viscount sold it^ in 1827, to Mr. Cox.
On 4 May, 1732, Lord Cullen, being then of age, married at
St. George^s, Hanover Square, his first cousin, Ann Warren,
then under 16 years old, eldest daughter of his said guardian^
" a beautiful young lady," according to the contemporary an-
nouncement in the Gentleman's Magazine, vol. ii. p. 776. By
her, besides four daughters who died infants, and two sons who
died under 30, in his lifetime, he had Anna Maria, wife of Rev.
N. Mapleloft, and Borlase, sixth and last Viscount Cullen ; she
died at Rushton Hall, 28 June, 1754, aged 37, and was buried
at St. Peter's, Rushton, 1 July, 1'754 (see ante, p. 444). Shortly
afterwards, his Lordship married his second wife, Sophia Baxter,
she being then only just 16 years old; by whom he had one
child, the Hon. William Cockayne. Their marriage articles are
dated Nov. 1754, so that he was only six months a widower.
Notwithstanding this, and that he married his first wife at the
age of 21, and that his second wife survived him, we find from
Mr. Cole, the Cambridge antiquary, in the Addit. MSS. 5834,
in the British Museum (vol. xxxiii. p. 428), speaking of Dr.
Jackson^ then Bishop of Ferns, and afterwards Bishop of Kildare,
son of the Rev. Thomas Jackson, Rector of Rushton, that the
bishop y had a sister, '* a very pretty sort of woman, but with
y From the same source we learn that Bishop Jackson married a Mrs. Brydges,
a rich Northamptonshire widow, " with a very convenient fortune," of about
such teeth as her brother's formerly were '' (which, he tells us
before, were black and rotten while a boy). " She had been
offered by Lord Cullen to be his wife, but his drunkenness and
strange way of life had deterred her. This Lord Cullen was
my school-fellow at Eton^ where he promised from a boy in
his buckskin breeches to be such a kind of man as he actually
turned out, keeping no other company of any sort but dogs,
horses, and his own grooms and stable-boys."
Whatever might have been the excesses of his early life. Lord
Cullen drank neither wine, beer, or any spirituous liquors, for
the last 40 years of his life; and we read in the Gentleman's
Magazine (vol. Ixxii. p. 687), "that he attained the above ad-
vanced period of life in the enjoyment of an uninterrupted state
of good health, of excellent abilities, and of a very cheerful
mind, to which he united the inestimable virtues of true benevo-
lence and unbounded generosity." He was a very keen sports-
man also, and an excellent rider. He ran several horses at the
Rugby^ Nottingham, and other midland races. His celebrated
brown bay horse, called '^ The Cullen Arabian," was the sire of
many of the best race-horses existing about a.d. 1750 to 1760.
His Lordship died at Rushton Hall, in his 92nd year, 7 June,
Sophia Viscountess Cullen, his relict, was the youngest of the
two daughters and coheiresses of John Baxter, Esq. of Bees, co.
Cumberland, Commissary-General of the Stores at Gibraltar,
He died in 1748, and on 3 June, 1750, his widow, Sophia,
remarried at Rushton with William Tudor of Uppingham, Esq.
captain in the navy, who survived her. Lady Cullen^s mother
was Sophia, daughter and eventually coheiress of Edmund
Woodward, of Stratton Audley, co. Oxford, Esq. by Elizabeth,
daughter and eventually coheiress of Ralph Holte, of Stoke
Lyne, in that county. Esq. Her uncle, George W^oodward, was
Envoy to the King of Poland, and died 1735, unmarried. An
account of the Woodward and Holt families will be found in
5000/. ; and iu page 433, among the verses written on his wooing this lady, is this
stanza : —
" He told her tho' he was no Rector as yet,
He was morally sure some preferment to get ;
Two Lords* were liis friends : he'd a promise from both,
And a nobleman's word was as good as his oath."
* " Viz. Lord Sandwich and Lord Cullen,"
454 FAMILY OF COCKAYNEj
Dunkin's History of the Hundreds of Bullington, &c. co. Oxford.
Her Ladyship's sister, Ann Woodward Baxter, married Thomas
Eyles, of Stratton Audley, by whom she was mother of the late
Admiral Eyles, and grandmother of Major Thomas Woodward
Eyles, who died in 1847. Lady Cullen was a most amiable and
humble-minded person, and unfeignedly religious and charitable.
She had long been in declining health, and died on her journey
from Bristol to Rushton, 13 July, 1802, aged (53, at the King's
Arms hotel, Oxford, having survived her Lord, with whom she
was buried at All Saints, Rushton, only five weeks. This is
the more remarkable, as her husband's grandfather, the third
Viscount Cullen, was in like manner only survived for five
weeks by his lady (see their burials, Jan. and Feb. 1688-9, ante).
On a slab in the family vault at All Saints' church, Rushton :
"M. S. The Hon^^^ Anna Maria Mapletoft^ died April 3,
1825, aged 85, daughter of .Charles, 5*'^ Viscount Cullen and
his first wife Ann Warren, and Widow of Rev. Nathaniel
Mapletoft, of Broughton, in this county. Also their Son, Rev.
Nathaniel Mapletoft, Rector of Castletown, Ireland, Died
October 31, 1808, aged 40."
On slabs in the family vault at All Saints' church, Rushton :
" M. S. Borlase,'^ sixth and last Viscount Cullen, of Rushton
Hall. Obt August, 1810."
^ She was born at Rushton 16 April, 1739 (see ante), being the only daughter
who came to maturity. In a.d. 1768 she married Rev. Nathaniel Mapletoft, B.A.
of Pembroke College, Cambridge, 1747, and Rector of Broughton, co. Northampton.
By him, who died in 1781, she had two sons and two daughters, viz. the Rev. Na-
thaniel Mapletoft, B.A. of Jesus College, Cambridge, 1792, who died unmarried at
East Farndon, co. Northampton, aged 40, the 31st of October, and was buried with
Lis ancestors at Rushton on 5 Nov. 1 808 (see ante) ; Harold Kinsman Mapletoft,
second son, Captain in the 107th Foot, 30 April, 1794, in which year he was killed
from a fall from his horse in Ireland, unmarried, and was buried at Athy, in that
country. The eldest daughter, Frances, married at Rushton 24 Feb. 1791, Dr.
Bennet, afterwards Bishop of Cloyne (see note to that marriage, ante), but died
sans issue 3 April, 1851, in her 80th year. The youngest daughter, Ann Mapletoft,
is still living unmarried. See Mrs. Mapletoft's burial, on 9th April, 1825, ante,
where she is called 86 years old.
^ He was born and baptised 30 Sept. 1740, at Rushton, being the only surviving
son of the fifth Viscount by his first wife Ann Warren. By a settlement, dated
18 July, 1747, the Cullen estates were entailed, on his parent's death, on him and
his heirs male, with remainder to his brother John in like manner, remainder to their
father's right heirs. He died unmarried, after a very long illness, at St. Alban's,
Hertfordshire, 11th Aug, 1810, in his 70th year, when the title became extinct, and
OF RUSHTON, CO. NORTHAMPTON. 455
" M. S. The Honble William Cockayne,b youngest son of
Charles, fifth Viscount Cullen, by Sophia Baxter, his wife. Ob*
Oct^' 8. 1809."
««M.S. Barbara Maria, ^ ob. Ocl^' 14tli (sic), 1825; and
Catherine,^ ob. March, 1824, second and seventh daughters of
the Hon^ie William Cockayne.*'
"M.S. Sophia,^ ob. Jan^ 20, 1828; and Sarah Margaretta,
ob. August, 1815 (sic), fifth and eighth daughters of the Hon^^^
the estates devolved on his nieces and coheirs, the daughters of the Hon. William
^ He was baptised 18 May, 1756, at Rushton, being the only child of the fifth
Viscount by his second wife. He was M.A. of Emmanuel College, Cambridge,
1776. On 11th Oct. 1777, he married Barbara, daughter of George Hill, Esq. Ser-
jeant-at-Law (see her monument, p. 458, infra). By her he had ten daughters, but
no son. During the Vice -Royalty of his intimate friend the Earl of Westmoreland,
in 1790, he was appointed Comptroller of the Household at the Castle of Dublin,
and subsequently Governor of the Castle of Limerick. On his father's death, in
1802, he resided entirely at Rushton Hall, where the improvements he effected on
the estate, the kindness he showed to the poor, and his extremely courteous and
refined manner, made him universally popular. Here, at the early age of 53, he died,
on the 8th Oct. 1809, after three weeks severe suffering, of a complaint in his heart,
only ten months before his eldest brother, to whose honours he accordingly never
succeeded. A long account of him, together with some verses to his memory by
Mrs. West, the authoress, will be found in the Gentleman's Magazine for 180.9, pp.
989, 1055, 1056, and 1072.
<= Barbara-Maria Cockayne, second daughter, was born 7th April, 1780, at
Thorpe House, in Thorpe, co. Surrey, where her parents resided for two years, in
order to be near the court at Windsor. She was baptised the 18th May following
by the Rev. Mr. Liptrott, vicar of Thorpe and Egham. She died unmarried at
Rushton Hall, 23 Sept. 1825, aged 45, and was buried the 1st Oct. following at
Rushton (see ante). The date on her monument is wrong.
Sophia Cockayne, fifth daughter, was born June, 1780, at Rheims, in France,
Rue de la Coutumiere, Porte de la Promenade, and was there baptised. Her parents
resided two or three years in that town. She died unmarried at Thorpe Malsor, co.
Northampton, the house of her brother-in-law T. P. Maunsell, Esq. on the 20th
Jan. 1828, aged 41, and v/as buried on the 26th at Rushton (see ante).
Catherine Cockayne, seventh daughter, was born 9th July, 1789, at Petergate, in
York, where her parents resided two years. She was baptised by her cousin, Rev.
William Bennet, afterwards Lord Bishop of Cloyne, and registered at St. Michael-
le-Belfrey 10th Aug. She died unmarried 10 March, 1824, aged 34, at the house
of her brother-in-law T. P. Maunsell, Esq, at Thorpe Malsor aforesaid, and was
buried on the l7th at Rushton (see ante).
Sarah-Mar garetta Cockayne, eighth daughter, was born 19 July, 1792, at Dublin
Castle, in Ireland, her father being at that time Comptroller of the Household to
John Earl of Westmoreland, the Viceroy. She received that name from her god-
mother, Sarah Countess of Westmoreland, the daughter and heir of Robert Child,
456 FAMILY OF COCKAYNE,
The following halcliments to the Cockayne family were still
remaining in All Saints' church, Rushton, in 1851; viz.:—
I. That of Charles, fifth Viscount Cullen, ob. 1802. Jrms.
the famous banker. She was baptised there by Dr. Whetham, Dean of Lismore;
said to be registered at St. Werburgh's, Dublin, but no such entry exists. She
died unmarried, of a rapid consumption, at Worthing, in Sussex, on the 1st of Sep-
tember, 1814 (not Aug. 1815, as on her monument), aged 22, and was buried 11th
Sept. 1814, at Rushton (see ante).
On the death of these four ladies, unmarried, the representation of the Cockaynes,
Lords Viscount Cullen, devolved on the six surviving daughters of the Hon. William
Cockayne, viz. : —
1st. The Hon. Matilda- Sophia Austen, eldest daughter, born 13 Feb. 1779, and
baptised the 15th March at St. George's Bloomsbury by Dr. Percy, Dean of Carlisle.