John Guthrie Smith.

The parish of Strathblane and its inhabitants from early times : a chapter in Lennox history online

. (page 38 of 45)
Online LibraryJohn Guthrie SmithThe parish of Strathblane and its inhabitants from early times : a chapter in Lennox history → online text (page 38 of 45)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


ten pennyes.

October 19 1691. The Sessione approves of the act of the Synod of Glasgow in
October instant anent the bestowing a fourtin pence upon M'- W""' Camron latt currat
at Greinok givin to him be M"^- James Elphinstowne minister and payit back again
to him be Archibald Foyer.

15 December 1691. This day James M'^Indoe in Craigallian being citit by the
officer for his breatch of the Sabbath day in goeing to a mercat with lint, compeirt
and confest he went away on the Sabath but affirmed it was lat in the night.

The Sessione appointis the said James M'^Indoe to appeir publicklie befor the
congregatione the nixt Sabath to evidence his repentance, and replyed he would tak
it to advysment.

The Sessione ordains Archibald Foyer to gif aught shilling Scottis to one Isobel
Forbes a poor woman com from the North who prodoucit her testificatioune making
mention that hir husband fiftie yeires of age was to be cutt of a ston

by the doctouris at Glasgow quhilk the said Archibald did.

And lykwayes appointis the said Archibald to gif to a poor man in the paroch of Kil-
moronock ten shilling Scottis quhilk he hes done.

20 December 1691. The said James M'^Indoe comperit not to evidence his re-
pentance and tharfor is ordanit to be sumoned to the presbetrie.

The Sessione approves of ane shilling starling given to one James Rickartoun be
M'- James Elphinstowne minister quhich man had his hous burnt and tua children but
payit back again to him be Archibald Foyer.

14 Feb. 1692. The Sessione statutis and ordainis that no person nor personis quhat-
summever after the date heirof sail have the beneffit of proclamatione till once they
consigne ther money according to the Church order.

8 Mars 1692. William Brown received from Ballagan tua yeres anuellrent of the
thousand marks dedicat for the poores vse being ane hundreth and ten marks Scottis the
retention money being deducit and delivered the samyne to the minister and elderis
this day.

• The sessione appointis Munday nixt to devyd the poores money and that they meet
again aucht aclock in the fornoon.

14 March 1692. Ther was a roll of the poor of the paroch drawn by the sessione
and the hundreth and ten mark equallie devydit amongest them as the samyne at
lenth is seet downe in a book by it self keepit for that vse.



APPENDIX VII.— PROTESTANT MINISTERS OF STRATHBLANE.



335



27 March 1692. This day mention was made in Sessione anent the Hsting of sum
elders and it is thought fitt to tak the presbetres mynd thairanent whether they may
be listed be the minister and present clerk or by the heids of famillies.

2 June 1692. The session appointis Archibald Foyer to gif to Margret Lyghtoun
a poor woman recomendit by the synod aught shilling Scottis quhich he did.

Strathblen 6 June 1692.
M"^- James Elphinstoune minister, Archibald Foyer Walter M'^Indoe and William
Brown elderis present in Sessione.

This day Archibald Foyer gave in his compt of debursments of the money collectit
be himfra the 20 day of Appryll 1691 to the last day of Appryll 1692 as efter follows —

To ane poor Irland man .

To M'- John Walker pr: clerk

To ane poor man ....

To the student ....

To tuo poor men ....

To James Din at first to goe to Edin""-

To him the nixt tyme

To a poor man ....

Givin out be the said Archibald Foyer be act of Session at sevrall tymes in

the first to Alex""- M'^Alpin a poor man
To John Key wnder a fitt of distraction to goe to the doctouris
To M''- W™- Camron latt curat at Greinok be the Synods order
To Isobel Forbus a poor woman who had her husband to be cut of a ston
To a poor man in Kilmaronock ........

To James Rickartoune a poor man that had tua children burnt in his house
Given to Johne Foyer Session Clerk for half ane yeirs service daiting fra the

first of August 91 to the last of January 92

This day given to ane John Colquhoune a poor man in Luse tormented with

the gravell and recomendit to ws be the presbeterie ....
The said day given to Donnell Fergisoun for tua poor scholleris quarter

wages

This day given to James Galium in Ballowne a poor man to buy schoos to

his chyld



00 04





02 16





00 03





04 06


6


00 02





01 06





01 06





00 03





01 08





03 06





GO 14





00 08






03 GO O



GI G4 GO



7 August 1692. The four pund of pennaltie received be Walter M'^Indoe from James
Leitch was debursit be the said Walter at the sessions appointment for a glas window to
the church, with four shilling mor given out of the box.

24 Sept 1692. The Sessione allous Archibald Foyer to gif Archibald M'^Artour
a poor man in Bonyll ten shilling Scottis he having M'^- Alexander Kings lettre of
recomendation by the presbetries order quhich the said Archibald did.

December 1693. The presbetrie allous the minister and present elders to choise
and elect mae elders and decons as they think fitt.



336



THE PARISH OF STRA THBLANE.



The solemne fast dayes since M""- James Elphinstowne his ordinatione was dewlie
and orderlie keeped heir according to the severall intimations mad out of pulpit
tharanent.

23 December 1692. This day the sessione hes concludit wpon the listing of sum
new elders and decons as eftir insert.

Elders names
Archbald Galbraith in Cult
" John M'^Indoe in Rosyaird
John Buchanan in Ballewne
James Browne in Duntreath
John Wealch in Mugdok
John Renkin in Dumbroch

Decons names
Robert Dalglish in Blairquhoise
Walter M'^Alla in Auchingillian
George Ronald in Carbeth
James Sheirer in Mugdok

This day given out of the box to John Wilson for umqle John Gourlayes

mortchest

To Janet Simpson

To John Gairner in Wooden d .

To Agnes Browne in Duntreth

To John Meason, thar ....

To Margret M'^Gowan in Mugdock .

Mor given formerlie out of what was in the box to William Nobil a poor man

wpon the presbeteries testimonial!
To Janet Risk in Dumbroch
To Hellen Lennox in Ballagan
Mor to mak out the pryce of glasse window to the Kirk



2


8





00


14


G


GO


14


G


00


14


G


00


14





GO


14


G


00


14


G


GO


14


G


GG


14


G


OG


4






29 January 1693. Walter Buchanan schoolmaister at Strathblane is admitted
sessione clerk and John Foyer former clerk is to fill up the minuts in the sessione
book and be payit for his bygan services.

25 May 1693. This day Archibald Foyer thesaurer hes given in compts of the
colection lifted be him since the first of May 92 to May 93 quhich extends to
fourtie aught pund nyne shilling aught pennys and is debursit as efter follows : —
Registrat in a book by itself

JuUy 13 ; 1693. The said day the sessione approves of tua pund tua shilling
Scottis given be Mr. Elphinstowne to ane M'- Hiendry in much distress he having
severall faithfuU testificationes as a Godlie man but poor and payit back to him be
the thesarer.



APPENDIX VII.- PROTESTANT MINISTERS OF STRATHBLANE. 337

Compeirit Robert Leitch and confest his sin of furnicatione with Margret Boill and
therfor the sessione appoints him three severall Sabbath dayes to appeir upon the
publick place of repentance and to begin the nixt Sabbath,

16 Jully. Robert Leitch began his repentance.

23 Jully. Robert Leitch gat his second rebucke.

30 Jully. Robert Leitch was absolved.

September 10 ; 1693. The Sessione approves of a fourtin pence given by the
minister to a wounded souldier cum out of the north having several testificationes
and payit back again to him by the sessione.

Lykwayes of one shilling starling given by the minister to ane Lindsay

in Kintyr having sufficent testimonialls and payit back again to him by the Sessione.

Any entries of general interest in the Session Records of the eighteenth and
nineteenth centuries are to be found in Chapter VIL, " The Protestant Ministers
of Strathblane."



Page 204.— "The New Psalmes" of 1650.

The old Psalter which " the new Psalmes " superseded was a venerable collection
founded on that in use by the English congregation at Geneva of which John Knox was
minister in 1556, and on "The Whole Booke of Psalmes collected into English
Metre by J Starnhold, J Hopkins and others, conferred with the Ebrue .... Printed at
London 1562," after the whole had been carefully revised and amended in Scotland and
many psalms by Kethe, Craig, and Pont, all Scotsmen, substituted for others by Starn-
hold, Hopkins, etc. It was issued for the first time in 1564-5 along with the Book of
Common Order under this title, " The Forme of Prayers and Ministration of the Sacra-
ments &c used in the English Church at Geneva, approved and received by the Churche
of Scotland .... with the Whole Psalmes of David in English Meter .... Printed at
Edinburgh by Robert Lekprevik MDLXV." There were no "Spiritual Songs " in this
version, but in subsequent editions they were added, as well as " Conclusions" or Doxolo-
gies. The Spriritual Songs included " The Ten Commandments of Almightie God,"
" The Lords Prayer," " Veni Creator " or " Come Holy Ghost Eternall God," " The Song
of Simeon," " The Twelve Articles of the Christian Beliefe," " The Humble Sute of a
Sinner," " The Song of Moses," etc. The conclusions to the psalms or doxologies were
arranged in measures suitable to those of the different psalms, thus the " Gloria Patri " is
rendered in several ways.

In common metre —

Gloir to the Father, and the Sone
And to the Halie Gaist,
As it was in the beginning
Is now and ay shall last.
2 u



338 THE PARISH OF STRATHBLANE.

In short metre—

Gloir to the Father be
The Sonne and Hahe Gaist :
As it hes bene continuaUie,
Is now and ever shall last.

In long metre —

To God be gloir interminabill,

And his Sonne Christ baith God and man

And Halie Gaist inseparabill,

As was ay sen the warld began.

Or in peculiar metres, such as —

An gif him all glorie,
In Psalmes most sweit :
And to his sonne Christ
And blist paraclait.
Quhilk from the beginning,
Did evir extend,
And so shall continew
Warld without end,

and many others might be added.

The first serious attempt to alter this Psalter was in 1637, when Laud's Service Book,
to which was attached a new version of the Psalms composed by King James VI. (by
this time dead) and Sir William Alexander of Menstrie, Earl of Stirling, was sent down to
Scotland by order of King Charles I. Both Service Book and Psalms were indignantly
rejected in St. Giles' Church, Edinburgh, 23rd July. 1637, and neither were ever used
in Scotland.

The old Psalter, with its appropriate music, scriptural songs, and doxologies was
popular in Scotland and fell from no fault of its own, but was given up by the Scottish
representatives at the Westminster Assembly of Divines, where so much that was excellent
and liberal was sacrificed by Scotland to the narrow-minded bigotry of England, in the vain
attempt to attain uniformity of doctrine and worship for the three kingdoms. The origin
of the new psalms is briefly this — In 1643 Francis Rous, a learned English gentleman
and Member of Parliament, first published his metrical edition of the Psalms. After
various proceedings in the Westminster Assembly of Divines and English House of
Commons, the latter, on the 15th April, 1646, ordered "That the Books of Psalms set
forth by Mr. Rous and perused by the Assembly of Divines be forthwith printed in
sundry volumes, and that the said Psalms, and none other, shall after the first day of
January next be sung in all Churches and Chapels within the Kingdom of England,
Dominion of Wales, and Town of Berwick upon Tweede ; and that it be referred to Mr.
Rous to take care for the true printing thereof. The Lords' concurrence to be desired
herein." The Lords concurred, and the book was sent down to Scotland and laid before
the Commission of the General Assembly at Edinburgh by Mr. Robert Baillie, 21st
January, 1647, with a view to its being adopted by the Church of Scotland. At the



APPENDIX VII.— PROTESTANT MPYISTERS OF STRATHBLANE. 339

General Assembly of 1647 it was resolved " Concerning the paraphrase of the Psalmes
sent from England " " that it is very necessary that the said paraphrase be yet revised."
A committee was appointed to do so, who were also to make use of the works of Mure of
Rowallan, Zachary Boyd, and others, on the subject, " but especially of our own Para-
phrase, that what they find better in any of these works may be chosen .... and the
Assembly doth further recommend that Mr. Zachary Boyd be at the paines to translate
the other Scriptural Songs in meeter and to report his travails also to the Commission
of Assembly."

Several revisions of the Psalms took place between this date and 1650, when they were
finally authorized and ordered to be used, both by the General Assembly of the Church of
Scotland and the Committee of Estates of the Kingdom, the General Assembly order-
ing the Presbyteries to make public intimation of the Act, " discharging the old paraphrase
and any other than this new paraphrase to be made use of in any congregation or family
after the first day of May in the year 1650." Zachary Boyd was thanked for the trouble
he had taken, but none of his poetry was accepted.

Like the proposed uniformity of Church government and worship, the uniformity of
psalms also broke down. England continued to use Sternhold and Hopkins' version till
that of Tate and Brady was substituted in 1698, and Scotland has continued to use Rous'
version, as revised, to the present day. The hundredth psalm of Kethe was substituted for
that of Rous, and several of the old psalms were retained as second versions, but it is to
be regretted that the General Assembly of 1650 did not insist on retaining many more
from their " own Paraphrase." The fine old tunes, too, which had hitherto been printed
with the psalms were abandoned, as well as the scriptural songs and doxologies — Scotland
being again sacrificed to England.

Page 228.— Mr. William Begbie Moves, B.D., Minister of Strathblane,

1886.

Mr. Ferguson died on the 8th April, 1886, and on the 26th May, 1886, the
congregation met and appointed a committee of thirty for the purpose of nominating
one or more clergymen to a future meeting of the congregation with a view to the
election and appointment of a minister for the parish. The committee appointed
Mr. J. Guthrie Smith and Mr. Harold Ross Coubrough, respectively, their convener
and secretary. This was the first election of a minister of Strathblane since the
abolition of patronage in the Church of Scotland. The result of the committee's
work was that on the 31st August, 1886, five names of clergymen were submitted to
a meeting of the congregation, when the Rev. William Begbie Moyes, B.D., was
elected minister of Strathblane by a large majority. He was ordained and inducted
on the 28th September, i886. The Rev. William Maxwell, M.A., of Cardross, presided
on the occasion.

Mr. Moyes is a graduate of the University of Glasgow, where he took high honours.
After being licensed by the Presbytery of Glasgow he was assistant to the Rev.
William P. Rorison of Dalserf for over a year. He has done good work there, and
let us trust he will add another to the long line of excellent and distinguished
ministers of Strathblane.



APPENDIX VIII.

LOCALITIES AND TEINDS OF STRATHBLANE.

In the books of the Teind Court preserved in H.M. Register House, reference
is made to three Localities of Strathblane, the Decrees of LocaUty being issued
in 1758, 1798, and 1830-1. But of these the first and third only are preserved —
a practice having grown up at the end of last century, and continuing up to 1S26,
of not keeping copies of the papers in teind cases. From 1826 onwards the series
of papers is on all cases complete.

Before 1755, the date from which the augmentation granted in 1758 begins,
the stipend of Strathblane was 85 bolls of victual and 100 merks Scots.

I. On 1 2th July, 1758, a new Locality was modified, fixing the stipend at
85 bolls of meal and £,^^ ys. iid. sterling.

(No communion element money.)

II. In 1798, the new Locality taking effect from December, 1793, was issued
and the stipend fixed at 9 chalders 3 bolls i firlot i peck j lippy meal, and ^5
15s. 7id. sterling.

(No communion element money.)

III. On the 22nd May, 1830, and nth June, 1831, a Locality, being the final
one, was issued, by which the stipend was modified as from 1807 to 1826 at 14
chalders victual, half meal and half barley, and so much further victual as was
equal to ^5 15s. 7|d., with ^8 6s. 8d, for communion elements, and from 1826
onwards at 103 bolls o firlots o pecks 2i^xsih lippies meal, and 9 bolls 2 firlots
2 pecks 2Hths lippies here, and ^139 6s. gtVd. in money sterling.

A good deal of litigation took place before the final allocation was issued.

The augmentation of 1758 was granted on the application of the Rev. James
Gray ; that of 1798 on the application of the Rev. Gavin Gibb ; and the final aug-
mentation and locality of 1830-31 was at the instance of the Rev. Gavin Gibb and
the Rev. William Hamilton, D.D., his successor.



APPENDIX VIIL— LOCALITIES AND TEINDS OF STRATHBLANE,



341



I.— Locality of 1758.



Heritors.
Duke of Montrose,
Archibald Edmonstone,



James Stirling,

John Stirhng of Law,



John Buchanan of Carbeth,
David Craig,

Do.,
Charles Lyle,

James Craig,
John Graham,
James Buchanan,
James Foyer,

John Colquhoun,

WaUer M'Indoe,

James M'Indoe,

John Ware,

James M'lldoe or M'Indoe,

George Ronald,

William Ware,

John Buchanan,

Robert Provan,

John Graham,

Alexander Gardner,

Margaret Watson,

James Shearer,
Gilbert Ware,
John Williamson,
John Graham,

John Bryce,

Robert Provan,

Thomas Ronald,

James Smith,

Gilbert Ware of Barrochan,

William Buchanan,



Property.

Place of Mugdock and

Parks of Cunleoch,
Barony of Duntreath,

including Middle Bal

lowin, Easter Blairqu

hoise, Blairgair, and

Spittal,
Lands of Ballagan,
Lands of Kirkland, Vicar

land, Broadgate, and

others,
Wester Blairquhoise,
Ballowin,
Cult Craig,
Arlehaven and Dum

brock,
Ledry green,
§ Edinkill,
^ Edinkill,
Cult Wester or Edmon

stoun,
Craigalzean,
i Carbeth,
\ Carbeth,
\ Carbeth,
^ Carbeth,
\ Carbeth,
i Auchingilzean,
J Auchingilzean,
\ Auchingilzean,
•^ Eastertoun of Mug

dock,
\ Eastertoun of Mug'

dock,
\ Eastertoun of Muj

dock, .
\ Meikle Mugdock,
4 Meikle Mugdock,
I Meikle Mugdock,
\ Westertoun of Mug

dock,
\ Westertoun of Mug

dock,
\ Westertoun of Mug'

dock.
Peach, .
Gallowhill,
Woodend,
Milndavie,



Rent in Sterling
Money.



£l>^ 6 8



163 2 9
85 3 5



54 o o

60 o o

26 II o
35 o o

44 2 o

27 o o

28 o o
19 o o



25
61



o
o
8 6
8 6
8 6
4 3
4 3
16 13
8 6
8 6



14 13 4

2 4 5J

276

II 15 o

5 17 6

5 17 6

II 10 o

5 15 o

5 15 o

8 14 o

5 II o

2 10 o
600



Stock and Teind.
Victual. Money.

B. F. P. L.



0000 /O 4 2



24
12



16 2 O O
2323
7320
3100

1223
0000
0000
0000



3
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o

o

li
I -J

li


2#



I 7 6
5 5 10





6
6



o
o
I

5

o
o
o
o

I

10

o
o
o



o
o
o
o

o

o

o
o
o

005

o o 10



5 H

6 o
I 6
I 6
I 6
o 9

9

1 8
o 10
o 10



O 2.\
O 10

o 5



o 5

o 10

o 5

6 2^\

O 10



;^84i 9 5



85



-^27 7 II



342



THE PARISH OF STKA THBLANE.



II. — Locality of 1798. ^



LOCALITY OF STRATHBLANE.


Old Stipend,
Meal.

B. F. P. L.


Victual in place

of old Money

Stipend.

B. F. P. L.


Additional
Victual.

B. F. P. L.


Money
Stipend
Sterling.


The Stipend as now to be paid.


£ S. D.


By Milliken Craig .


II


2


12 3


I


3 3


I oi




By the Uuke of Montrose









2 2






027


By the heirs of Wm. Weir, for Auchin
















gillan









2 2


I


3 3




John Buchanan, for Auchingillan









I I


2


I 3i




James Provan, Do.









I I


2


I 34




James M'Indoe, for Carbeth,






I


2


I 2


2 2




James Colquhoun, Do.









2 I


3


I I




John M'Indoe, Do.









I o\


I


2 2j




The Duke of Montrose, Do.









I oi








Robert Robieson of Ladriegrain


2





2


2 li


3 3


1 2




Robert Allan, for \ of Edinkill










I


2




John Graham, for part of Easter \
Mugdock, . . , '
























3


3




Alexr. Gairdner, for Do. X
Margaret Watson, for Do. )


4 2


2 2§









I 34


I 8













I 34




James Shearer, for part of Middle >
Mugdock . . . )
























2


I




John Brown, Do. |>


4 2


2 2§






I


0^


I 8


Wm. M'llquhan, Do. \













2 o|




Robert Pender, Do. ''













2 o\




John Graham, for part of Wester \
















Mugdock , . . r










2


I




John Bryce, Do. I


4 2


2 2§






I


o\


I 8


James Weir, Do. )










I


0^




Mr. Colquhoun, for Craigalzean






19 3


i|


2 I


3 o|




Thomas Ronald .









I I


2


3




James Smith of Craigend









2\


I


2 2




for Woodend .






2



I 2
I I



I


3 3

2 2




William Buchanan of Milndavie




for Kirkhous
















PofHe ....










2







Sir Archd. Edmonstcne


• 24 3


I 3


I


o\








17 o\


Alexr. Graham, Esq. of Ballagan


12


2


3 3


2








3 5 8|


John Stirling, Esq. of Craigbarnet


16








3 24








3 10


John Buchanan, Esq. of Carbeth


2 3


2 3





2 2.h








2 10


Arcliibald Lyle .


I 2


2 3





2 l|








029


Tohn Foyar ....


I 3


3


3


2 34








15 loi




85





41 I


I 3


20 3


3 oi


5 15 71



1 From a copy among Duntreath Writs,



APPENDIX VIH.— LOCALITIES AND TEINDS OF STRATHBLANE.



343



III.— Locality of i 830-1.
22nd May, 1830, and nth June, 1831. (Particulars of Rent not given.)







Meal.


Bere.


Money.






B. F.


P. L.


B. F. P. L.


£


S. D.


Adam Graham,


I Carbeth


I 3


3i







9


Do.


Craigallion


4










I 8


John Guthrie, formerly














James M'Indoe,


i Carbeth


3 2


I 2f







I 6


Duke of Montrose,


1 Carbeth


3


2 I|







4i


Do.


\ Park of Mugdock ,


2










10


Do.


Cunloch or Quinloch


3





1000





I 8


John M'Indoe,


\ Carbeth


3


2 If







42


John Smith's Heirs,


\ Craigend, Peach, and














Gallowhill


2










10


Robert Robison's Heirs,


Ledrygreen


4 3


3^%


I 2 I 2#u





3 I


Do.


Part of Edinkill


2 I










I


Do.


Blaerisk ....








2





Mrs. Luke or Crawford,


Part of Lurg Pofifle .


3


I







4


Robt. Mitchell, formerly














Allan,


Part of Kirkhouse Poffle .


2


2







2\


Matthew Robertson, for-














merly Buchanan,


Part of Mildavie


2










\\


John Buchanan,


\ Auchingilzean


3


2 If







5


"Walter Aitken and Rob-














ert Shirra, formerly














Weir's Heirs,


i Do. . .


I 3


3i







10


James Provan,


1 Do. . .


3


2 If







5


Sir Charles Edmonstone,














Bart.,


Duntreath and Dungoyack


25


3 of







10


Do.


Middle Ballewah


3


3i







7


Do.


Blairgair ....


I I


2 If







15 10


Do.


Easter Blairquhos .


3


z\







3 8


Do.


For entries every 19th year











3 8


Do.


Wester Arlehaven .


I


3 of







13 4


Do.


Do. value of a wedder











2


Do.


\ Easter Arlehaven .


2










12 6|


Do.


.Spittal of Ballewan .


2











John Norval's Heirs,


\ Easter Arlehaven .


2










12 6|


Alexander Graham,


Wester Ballagan


8










3 4


Do.,


Easter Ballagan


4 I


li


2 2 Of





3 4


John Buchanan,


Wester Blairquhos .


6 I


2 If


I 2 I 2|





3 4


Milliken Craig,


Wester Ballewan


4










7


Do.,


Easter Ballewan


2 2


2 2|


I I I \\






Do.,


Easter Cult .


4 I


2 If


0303!





"2 6


Archibald Lyle,


Dumbrock


2 1


2 If


1030*






John Foyer,


Wester Cult .


9 I


2 If







4 2


James Weir,


Woodend











4


Alex. Gartshore Stirling,


Kirklands and Cottaries .








21


14 2


Do.,


Viccarland








^


16 4|


Do.,


Braidgate and Cottai-ies .








29


3 o|



Continued on 7iext page.



344



THE PARISH OF STRATHBLANE.





Meal.


Bere.


Money.




B. F. P. L.


B. F. P. L.


£ S. D.


Contiimed fi-om previous page.








Henry Glassford, Easter Mugdock






26 16


and Blandsherry part of



Online LibraryJohn Guthrie SmithThe parish of Strathblane and its inhabitants from early times : a chapter in Lennox history → online text (page 38 of 45)