cated under Captain Cook; they were all three young men of
genius, and were not more diftinguifhed for the novelty and origi-
nality of their ftyle, than for their fkill in the principles of harmony.
The reftoration of monarch)', and the re-eflablifhment of eccle-
fiaftical difcipline, induced many devout perfons to attempt a revival
of that knowledge which is neceffary to the decent and orderly per-
formance of this part of divine worfhip ; and to that end John Play-
ford publifhed a new edition of his Introduction to the Skill of Mu-
fick, originally printed during the ufurpation, viz. in 1655, which
was followed by a collection entitled ' Pfalms and Hymns in folemn
* mufick, in foure parts, on the common tunes to the pfalms in metre
' ufed in parifh-churches. Alfo fix hymns for one voice to the or-
* gan,' by the fame John Playford ; printed by W. Godbid, and de-
dicated to Sancroft, dean of St. Paul's. Fol. 1671.
In the preface to this work, which carries with it an air of feriouf-
nefs that diftinguifhes the writings of this honeft old man, thetefti-.
mony of fome of the fathers, and the example of the primitive
church are adduced in favour of the practice of pfalm-finging. The
author cites a paffage from Comenius, which fhews that in his
time the Bohemians, befides the Pfalms of David, had no fewer than
feven hundred hymns in ufe. He then gives a fhort hiftory of the
cuftom of finging pfalms; and, fpeaking of our old verfion, and the
reception it met with, fays it was made by men whofe piety exceeded
their poetry, but that fuch as it was, it was ranked with the beft
Englifh poefy at that time. — That the PlUms, tranflated into EngliQi
metre, and having apt tunes fet to them, were at firft ufed and Jung
only for devotion in private families, but that foon after by permiflion
they were brought into churches. — That for many years this part of
divine fsrvice was fkilfully and devoutly performed with delight and
cem'ort by many honeft and religious people, and is flill continued
in our churches, but not with that reverence and elumation as for-
* Of Humphrey it is (aid in particular that his proficiency in raiilir, and the prefaces of
his becoming a great man in his profeffion, gave great uncalinefs to his m after Captain
Cook. In the Afhmolean Manufcript, mentioned in vol. III. page 258, it is faid by the
author, Anthony Wood, of Cook that he was the beft mufician of his time, till Pell. Hum-
phries came up, after which fays the IMS. he died with dilcontcnt.
Vol. IV. T t t merly :
362 HISTORY OF THE SCIENCE Book III*
merly t feme not affecting the tranflation, others not liking the mu-
11c, both which he confeffes need reforming. — That thofe many tunes
formerly ufed to thefe Pfalms, for excellency of form, folemn air,,
and fuitablenefs to the matter of the Pfalms, are not inferior to any
tunes ufed in foreign churches, but that the belt and almoft all the
choice tunes are loft and out of ufe in our churches ; the reafon
whereof he gives in thefe words : ' In and about this great city in.
' above one hundred parifhes, there is but few parifh-clerks to be
* found that have either ear or underftanding to fet one of thefe
* tunes mufically as it ought to be j it having been a cuftom during
' the late wars, and fince, to chufe men into fuch places more for
' their poverty than fkill and ability, whereby this part of God's
* fervice hath been fo ridiculoufly performed in moft places, that it
'"is now brought into fcorn and derifion by many people.'
For thefe reafons he profeffes, through the afliftance of Almighty.
God, to have undertaken the publication of this work, and therein
to have felected all the beft and choiceft tunes, to the number of
forty-feven, to which, with a bafs he has compofed two contratenors,
making four parts, all which are fitted to men's voices.
Playford appears to have been no admirer of the old verfion of the:
Pfalms, and therefore he has felected from a tranflation by Dr. Henry
King, bifhop of Chichefter, and from another by one Mr. Milea
Smith, and alfo from the Poems of Mr. George Herbert, fuch pfalms
and hymns, as for elegance of ftyle, fmoothnefs of language, and fuit-
ablenefs to the tunes, he thinks excel thofe contained in the former.
There are few pofitions in this preface of Playford but what will
readily be affented to, except that which relates to the lofs of the
beft and almoft all the choice tunes anciently ufed in our churches ;
for, though in a great meafure out of ufe, they exift even at this day
in the collections of Efte, Ravenfcroft, Allifon, and other authors,^
as has been fhewn.
The fame Playford foon after published in octavo, « The whole
' Book of Pfalms : with the ufual Hymns and fpiritual Songs. To-
* gether With all the ancient and proper Tunes fung in Churches,
' with fome of later ufe. Compofed in three parts, Cantus, Medius,
« and Baffus, in a more plain and ufeful method than hath been for-
* merly publiflied.' In this collection the author, varying from the rule
obferved by him in the former, has given the church-tune to the
Chap. 9. AND PRACTICE OF MUSIC. 363
cantus part, and has -contrived the medius, fo as not to rife above
the cantus, to the end that the air of the church-tune fhould predo-
minate s further he has placed the two upper parts in the G sol re
ut cliff, an innovation which it is eafier to make than defend.
We meet here with a great variety of tunes now in common ufe,
which are not contained in Ravenfcroft, namely, St. James's, London
New, St. Mary's, and others called Proper Tunes, which, for ought
that appears to the contrary, we may conclude were compofed by
For the reafons deducible from the above account of his works,
Playford is looked upon as the father of modern pfalmody ; but, not-
withstanding his labours, it does not appear that the practice has
much improved fince his time; one caufe whereof may poffibly be
the ufe of the organ in parifh churches, which within this laft cen-
tury has increafed to fo great a degree, that in moil, of the cities and
great towns in the kingdom it is a fign of great poverty in a parifh for
.a church to be without one. The confequence whereof is, that the
conduct of this part of the fervice devolves to theorganift: He plays
the thorough-bafs, or, in other words, the whole harmony of the
tune, while the clerk and the congregation fing the tenor, which they
remember and fing by ear only, in which kind of performance not
the leaft fkill in mufic is neceflary *.
Befides what are to be found in the collections before enumerated,
there are extant many other mufical compofitions to the words of Da-
vid's Pfalms, either clofely or paraphraftically rendered, which lie
Jifperfed in the works of the muficians who flourifhed about the
latter end of the fixteenth, and the beginning of the laft century ;
To mention a few inftances, a collection entitled CcrtailtC Pfalnirg
Meet out cf tfic ^Dfahnco cf ©auib,ano bra torn into <!r nglntfje ;3t?cn.T,
toitlj notc£ to cttcric fpfalmc in fourc parted to fpngr, was pub-
lished by Francis Seager, i2mo. 1553. John Keeper, of Hart Hall
Oxon. published in 1574, ' Select Pfalms of Dauid fet to muficke
* In country parifhes, where the people have not the aid of an inftrument to guide
them, fuch young men and women as nature has endowed with an enr and a tolerable
voice, arc induced to learn to Ting by book as they call it ; and in this they are generally
a (lifted by fomc poor ignorant man, whom the poring over Ravenfcroit and Playford has
made to believe that he is as able a proficient in pfalmody as cither of thefc authors. Such
men as tliefe a flu me the title of finging-maflers and lovers of divine niufic, and are the
authors of thofe collections which are extant in the world, and are dillinguifhed by the
titles of ' David's Harp new (hung and tuned, « The Harmony of Sion,' « The l'falm-
' finger's Companion/ and others of the like kind, to an incredible number.
T t t 2 'of
364 HISTORY OF THE SCIENCE BookUL
* of foure parts ;' and in 1585 one John Cofin publifhed the Pfalms
in muficke of fiue and fix parts.
In 1594 Dr. John Mundy, organift of the chapel of Windfor *,
publifhed ' Songs and Plalmes compofed into 3 and 4 parts for the ufe
* and delight of all fuch who either loue or learne muficke.' As to the
fongs, they are to every intent madrigals j and for the pfalms, fome
are profe, as they ftand in the old Bible tranflation, the reft are of
the verfion of Sternhold and Hopkins, to the amount of about twenty
in the whole.
Some years after, a perfon, of whom nothing more than the initials
of his name, R. H. is known, publifhed a tranflation of an Italian
paraphrafe of the feven penitential pfalms, written by Francefco
Bembo, with the mufic of Giovanni Croce, Maeftro di Cappella of
the church of St. Mark at Venice, a celebrated compofer of that
time ~\-, and whom Morley mentions as fuch in his Introduc-
tion. The title of the book is ' Mufica Sacra to fix voyces, com-
« pofed in the Italian tongue by Giovanni Croce, new Englifhed,'
printed by Efte in 1608. The motives to the publication of this
book, which are faid to be the excellence of the fongs, and the pro-
motion of piety, are given at large in the dedication of the work ' to
* the uertuous louers of muficke.'
Thefe compofitions are in a ftyle greatly fuperior to thofe con-
tained in the former collections, which, as they were intended folely
for popular ufe, were, as has been mentioned, of that fpecies of mu-
fical compofition difiinguifhed by the name of Counterpoint : On the
contrary, thefe of Mundy and Cofin, and more eminently thofe of
Byrd are defcant, and that of a very artificial contexture.
The paraphrafe of the Pfalms by George Sandys was, and that very
defervedly, in great eftimation about the beginning of the laft cen-
tury ; and this induced the two brothers, Henry and* William
Lawes, the great muficians of that day, to fet many of them to mu-
fic. Sandy s's Pfalms are alfo fet to mufic for two voices, with a tho-
rough-bafs, by Mr. Walter Porter.
A paraphrafe of fome felect pfalms by Sir John Denham, Mr. Ad-
difon, and others, was fet to mufic for a fingle voice with inftrumen-
tal parts, by Mr. Andrew Roner, a teacher of mufic in London, and
publifhed about the year 1730.
* Mentioned page 27 of this volume, t See an account of him in vol. 111. page 2:2.
Chap. io. AND PRACTICE OF MUSIC. 365
THE pra&ice of mufic had fuffered no lefs than the profefiion of
it during the ufurpation. King Charles I. foon after his accef-
fion, had (hewn a difpofition to encourage the liberal arts, and particu-
larly mufic, as appears by his charter granted to Nicholas Laniere and
others, herein before inferted *. He had alfo in the eleventh year of
his reign granted a charter to divers perfons, the mod eminent: mu-
ficians, incorporating them by the ftyle of Marfhall, Wardens, and
Cominalty of the Arte and Science of Mufick in Weftminfter, in
the County of Middlefex, and inverted them with fundry extraordi-
nary powers and privileges, which charter was by the fame king
confirmed in the fourteenth year of his reign.
This charter had lain dormant from the time of granting it to the
restoration, that is to fay, above twenty-five years, but immediately
after that event, the perfons named in it, or fuch of them as were
then living, determined to refcue mufic from the difgrace into which
it had fallen, and exert their authority for the improvement of the
fcience and the intcreft of its profefibrs.
The biilory of this corporation lies in a fhort compafs ; the mi-
nutes of their tranfadtions are extant among the Harleian manufcripts,
in a book formerly Mr. Wanley's, numbered in the catalogue 191 1.-
As there is no entry in this book of the charter, recourfe has been
had to the patent-roll, in the chapel of the Rolls : The purport there-
of is as follows.
The charter bears date 15 Jul. 11 Car. and recites that king Edw.
' IV. by his letters patent under the greate feale of his realme of Eng-
' land, bearing date the foure and twentieth day of Aprill, in the
' nynth yeare of his raigne, did for him and his heires give and graunt
« licence unto Walter Haliday -\- Marmall and John Cliff, and others,
* then minftrells of the faid king, that they by themfelves mould
• be in deed and name one body and cominalty, perpetual and
• Page 36 of this volume.
+ Sic Orig. The Chriftian name of Marfhall is Robert, as appears by the charter it-
fclf, which as a lingular curiofity is here inferted from Rymer's 1 ccdera, torn. XI.
4 Pr a
366 HISTORY OF THE SCIENCE Book III.
' capable in the lawe, and fhould have perpetual fucceflion ; and
that as well the minftrells of the faid king, which then were, as
' Pre Fraternitate Min'ijirallorum Regis.
' Rex Omnibus, ad quos &c. Salutem.
* Sciatis quod, ex Querelofa Infinuatione, Dilectorum Nobis, TValteri Holiday Maref-
' calli, Jobannis Cliff, Robert! Marjball, Thorn* Grene, Thames Caltborn, IVillielmi Cliff,
1 IVillielmi Chrijlean, Et IVillie'hni Eyneyjham, Miniftrallorum noftrorum accepimus qua-
' liter nonnulli, rudes Agricolse & Artifices diverfarum MifterarumRegni noftri Angliae,
' iinxerunt fe fore MiniftralJos,
' Quorum aliqui Liberatam noftram, eis minime datam, portarent, Seipfos etiam fin-
' gentes efTe Miniftrallos noftros proprios,
* Cujus quidem Liberatae ac dittx Artis five Occupation'^ Miniftrallorum colore, in
c diverfis Partibus Regni noftri praedifti, grandes Pecuniarum Exacliones de Ligeis nofl.ru
£ deceptive colligunt & recipiunt,
' Et licet Ipfi in Arte five Occupatione ilia minime Intelligentes five Experti exiftant,
' & diverfis Artibus & Operationibus Diebus Ferialibus five Profeftis utuntur, & Vidtum
' fuum inde fufficienter Percipiant, de Loco tamen ad Locum in Diebus Feftivalibus
* difcurrunt, & Proficua ilia totaliter percipiunt, e quibus Miniftralli noftri praedicti, &
c -caeteri Miniftralli noftri pro tempore exiftentes, in Arte five Occupatione praedifta fuffi-
* cienter Eruditi & InfliucTti, nullifque aliis Laboribus, Occupationibus, five Mifteris
* utentes, viverc deberent,
' Nedum in Artis five Occupationis illius nimiam Verecundiam, ac ipforum Minif-
' trallorum noftrorum, eadem Arte five Occupatione ut prasdiclum eft utentium, Dete-
' riorationem muhiplicem & manifeftam, verum etiam in Populi noftri in hujufmodi
* Agricultura fua & aliter Dampnum ut accepimus non modicum & Gravamen,
' Unde iidem Miniftralli noftri Nobis humilime fupplicarunt ut Nos eis de Remedio
* congruo in hac parte ex Gratia ncftra fpeciali providere dignaremur,
■' Nos, Praemiffa confiderantes ac Supplicationi fun; rationabili in ea parte favorabiliter
' inciinati, de Gratia noftra praedicla, ac ex certa Scientia & mero Motu noftris, Coneefft-
' mus & Licentiam dedimus, ac per Praefentes Concedimus & Liantiam damus, pro Nobis, &
' Haeredibus noftris, quantum in Nobis eft, pnefatis, Waltero Holiday Marefcallo, Johart-
' pi Cliff, Roberto Marjhalle, Thorn* Grene, Thorn* Calthorn, IVillielma Cliff, IFillieltno
* Cri/lean, Et Willielmo Encyfham, Miniftrallis noftris quod Ipfi, ad Laudem & Honorem
' Dei, & ut fpecialrus exorare teneantur pro falubri Statu noftro & Praecariffimae Con-
' fortis noftra: Elizabeth* Regin* Angliae dum agimus in humanis, & pro Animabus nof-
' tris cum ab hac luce migraverimus, necnon pro Anima Carilfimi Domini & Patris
' noftri Richardi nupcr Duels Eborum, et Animabus inclitorum Progenitorum noftrorum,
' &' omnium Fidelium Defunclorum, tarn in Capella beatae Maria? Virginis infra Eccle-
* fiam Cathedralem 8an£ti Pauli Londoniae, quam in Libera Capella noftra Regia Sanfti
' Anthonii in eadem Civitate noftra Londoniae, quandam Fraternitatem five Gil-
' dam perpetuam (quam, lit accepimus, Fratres & Sorores Fraternitatis Miniftrallorum
' Regni noftri prsedicli, retroactis temporibus, Inierunt, Erexerunt, & Ordinarunt) Sta-
' bi.ire, Continuare, & Augmentare, ac quafcumque Perfonas, tarn Homines, quam Mu-
' lieres, eis grato animo Adhaerentes, in Fratres & Sorores Fraternitatis five
« Gildje pradiel* Recipere, Admittere, & Acceptare poffent & valeant,
' Et quod Marefcallus & Miniftralli noftri pracdicli per Se fint & efTe debeant, Jure &
* Nomine Unum Corpus & Una Communitas perpetua, ac Habiles & Capaces
4 in Lege, Habeantque Succeffionem perpetuam,
' Et quod tarn Miniftralli prxdicti, qui nunc funt, quam caeteri Miniftralli noftri &
* Haeredum noftrorum qui exnunc erunt imperpetuum, ad eorum libitum Nominare pof-
* fint, Eligere, Ordinare, & fucceffive Conftituere de Seipfis Unum Marescallum ha-
* "bilem et idoneum, pro Termino Vitx fua? in Officio illo p'ermanfurum, ac etiam quo-
Chap. 10. AND PRACTICE OF MUSIC. 367
other minftrells of the faid king, and his heires which fhould
be afterward, might at their pleafure name, chufe, ordeine, and
libet Anmo Duos Custodes ad Fratermtattm five Gildam pradidam Regendum ^ Gu-
' Et, ulterius, Volumus & per Prtefentes Concedimus, pro Supportationc & Augmenta-
tione Fraternitatis five Gilda pradiiia, quod nullus Miniftrallus Rcgni noftri pracdifti,
quamvis in hujufmodi Arte five Occupatione fufficientcr Eruditus exiftat, eadem Arte
five Occupntione infra Regnum noftium prueditlum de csetero. nifi de Fraternitate five
Gilda pradifla fit & ad eandem Admiffus fuerit & cum ceteris Confratribus ejufdem
contribuerit, aliquo modo utatur, nee earn palam feu publice excerceat (ita tamen quod
nullus prxdidftorum Miniftrallorum, fie ut prxdicitur admittendorum, folvat pro bujul-
modi Ingreflu five Admiflione ultra Trcs Sohdss if Quatuor Denarios) 8c, fi fecus fece-
rit, feu quoquo modo contravenerit, per prscfatos Marefcallum & Miniftrallos noftros &
Hacredum noftrorum prxdictorum, pro tempore exiftentes, juxta eorum Difcretiones
• Et quod prieditti Marefcallus & Miniftralli noftri, ac Cuflodes Sc Succefiores fui Congre-
gationes tsf Communicatioms licitas & honeftas de Seipfis, ac Statuia Sc (Jrdinationes Uata
pro falubri Gubernatione & Commodo Fraternitatii five Glides pradiffta, quotiens &
quanclo opus fucrit, licite & impune Incipere, Facere, & Ordinare valeant.
* Et, ft aliquis hujufmodi Miniftrallorum noftrorum vel Hacredum noftrorum prx-
dictorum Decedent vel Obierit, feu ob Demerita vel Offenfas fua, aut alia Caufi
quaciimque, a Servitio noftro prxdicto Exoneratus, Amotus, five Depofitus fuerit,
adtunc Marefcallus 8c cateri Mlniftralli noftri, & HxreJum noftroium pro tempore exif-
tentes, alium Miniftrallum idoneum & in Arte five Occupatione ilia Expcrtum fufficien-
ter 8c Fruditum, ubicumque loco infra Regnum noftrum pixdidtum tarn infra Libera-
tes quam extra eum inveniii contigcrit (Comitatu Ceftrix Exccpto) Vice Sc Loco hujuf-
modi fie Defccndentis Exonerati, Amoti, five Depofiii, ex parte noftra Eligere, Nomi-
nare, & in unum Miniftrallorum noftrorum & Hxredum noftrorum penes Nos Retinen-
dum ! iabilitare, ac ad Vadia noftra, noitro Rxgio Affenfu fuperinde habito, Admittera
& Acceptare poffint & valeant.
' Et, infuper, Volumus & per Prxfentes Concedimus prxfatis Marefcallo & Miniftral is
noftiis, quod Ipfi & Succeffores fui de csetero Poteftatem habeant & Facultatem lnqui-
rendi, omnibus viis modis & mediis tationabilibus 5: legitimis quibus melius fciverint,
per totum Regnum noftrum prxdichim, tarn infra Libeitates quam extra fdicto Comi-
tatu Celtrix Excepto) de omnibus & (ingulis hujufmodi Perfonis fingentibus fe fore Mi-
niftrallos, & di(ftam Libcratam nollram furrepcive portantibus, ac Arte five Occupa-
tione ilia, ut prxdiclum eft, indebite 8c minus jufte utentibus, feu eandem exercent>
bus, aut de Fraternitate five Gilda pradiEla non exiftentibus, & de omnibus aliis Articulis
& Circumftantiis PrxmifTa qualitercumque concernentibus,
' Ac ad omnes & fingulas .hujufmodi Perfonas, prxdiclam Artem & Occupatione?.!
Miniftrallorum Excereenfes, de tempore in tempus, quotiens necefTe fuerit, tarn infra
Libertatesquam extra (ditto Comitatu Ceftrix ut prxmittitur Excepto) Supervidendum,
Scrutandum, Regendum, & Gubernandum, & earum qu.imlibet, ob Offcnias & Defect
tus fuos in Prxmifiis faftos, jufte 8c debite Corrigendum & Puniendum,
c Ac quxcumque Amerciament.), Fines, Forisfacturas, & Deperdita (fi qux prxtcx'u
huju nodi Inquifitionis Supervilus feu Scrutinii, ratione Prxmiffi rum, fuper qir.illu.r,-
qne Perfonas, oe ut prxfertur Minittrallos fingentes, feu aliter De'inquentes, debiie Sc
probabiliter invenerint Ad judicata, Affeffa, five Afferata) ad Ufum & t'rolicuum Frattr-
nitatis pradlSla, pro continua & perpetua Suftentatione eertarum Caiulelarum cerearum,
vu inter nuucupataium Tapers, ad Sumptus ejufdem Fraternitatis in Capellis prxdic-
tib ad praefe is exiftentium de castero exiftcre coiituigcntium, Levamluoj, Applicandum,
368 HISTORY OF THE SCIENCE Book III.
* fucceffively conftitute from amongft themfelves, one Marshall, able
' and fitt to remaine in that office during his life, and alfoe twoe
' wardens every yeare, togoverne the faid fraternity and guild.'
It alfo recites that ' certeine perfons, fuggefting themfelves to be
* freemen of a pretended fociety of minftrells in the cittie of London,
* in prejudice of the liberties and priviledges aforefaid in the faid re-
* cited letters patents mencioned and intended to the minftrells
* and muficians of the faid king and his heires, did by untrue fug-
* geftions procure of and from king James of ever bleffed memory,
* letters patent under his greate feale of England, bearing date the
f eight day of July, in the fecond yeare of his raigne, to incorporate
' them by the name of matter, wardens, and cominalty of the arte or
' fcience of the muficians of London. And, amongft divers other
' Habcnda & Occupanda, Excercenda & Gaudenda, omnia & fingula prxdicta Inquifi-
* tionem, Scrutinium, Supervifum, Regimen, Gubernationem, Corredlionem, Punitio-
* nem, ac cetera Prremiffa modis & formis fupradiclis, pnefatis JValtcro, Johanni, Roberto,
' Thmus Grene, Thames Calthorn, JVillielmo Cliff, Willielmo Crljhan, & JVillielmo Eynejham,
' Miniftrallis noftris, & Succeflbribus fuis Miniftrallis noftris & Hreredum noftrorum prae-
* diclorum imperpetuum, fine Occafione, Impedimento, Jmpetitione, Moleftatione, Per-
* turbatione, feu Calumnia Noftri, vel Hseredum noftrorum, Jufticiariorum, Efcaetorum,
* Vieecomitum, aut aliorum Ballivorum feu Miniftrorum noftrorum, vel Hseredum nof-
* trorum & aliorum quorumcumque,
1 Et hoc abfque Fine vel Feodo Magno feu Parvo, in Hanaperio Cancellarice noftrse feu
* alibi, ad ufum noftrum feu Nomine noftro, pro Priemiffis faciendis aut folvendis,
' Eo quod expreffa mentio de vero Valore feu Certitudine Prtemiflbrum, five eorum ali-
' cujus, in Prcefentibus minime facta exiftit, aut aliqno Statuto, A£tu, five Ordinatione
* in contrarium factis, editis, feu provifis, non obftantibus.
1 In cujus &c.
' Tefte Rege apud IVeJlmonaflcrium Vicefimo quarto die Aprilis.
' Per Breve de Privato Sigilla & de Data, Gfc.'
The above Walter Haliday, Robert Marfliall, and John Cliff, together with one William
Wykes, had it feemsbeen minftrels of the king's predecefforHen. VI. and were impower-
ed by him to imprefs minftrels ' in folatium regis,' as the writ expreffes it. This Angu-
lar precept appears in Rymer'sFcedera, torn. XI. page 375, and is in this form :
* De Almijlraliis propter Solatium Regis providendis.
1 Rex, dile&is fibi, Waltero Halyday, Roberto Marjhatt, Willielmo TVyhs, & Johanni
* Sciatis quod Nos, confiderantes qualiter quidem Miniftralli noftri jam tarde Viam
* univerfae Carnis funt ingrefli, aliifque, loco ipforum, propter Solatium noftrum de
' necefi'e indigentes, Affignavimus vos, conjuntlim &: divifim, ad quofdam Pueros,
* M-.mbris Naturalibus Elegmues, in Arte Miniftrellatus inftru&os, ubiciinque inveniri
1 poterint, tarn infra Libertates, quam extra, Capiendum, & in Servitio noftro ad Vadia
* noftra Ponendum, &c.'
It is highly probable that the placards for impreffing children for the fervice of the choir,
mentioned by Tuffer, and under which he himfelf was taken from his father's houfe,
f_iee vol. III. page 466, J were founded on the authority of this precedent.