John Howard Brown.

Lamb's biographical dictionary of the United States; online

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Bertie county, N,C. He was a representative
from Duplin county, N.C. , in the state legislature,
1802-04 ; and a state senator, 1810-11. He was a
representative in the 14th, 16th, 17th and 18th
congresses, 1815-17 and 1819-25. His sister Mary
married Ezekiel Slocumb (q.v.), and became
famous for her daring adventure to reach her
husband on the battle-field of Moore's Creek, N.C. ,
Feb. 27, 1776. Mr. Hooks subsequently removed
to Alabama, where he died in 1851.

HOOPER, Archibald Maclaine, writer and
lawyer, was born in Wilmington, N.C, Dec. 7,
1775 ; son of George and Catharine (Maclaine)
Hooper ; and grandson of Archibald Maclaine, a
Revolutionary patriot of Wilmington, N.C, and
of the Rev. William Hooper, second rector of
Trinity church, Boston, Mass. He was educated
as a lawyer and was editor of the Cape Fear
Recorder J 1826-32. He was married to Charlotte,
daughter of Lieut. -Col. John A. De Berniere of
the 60th regiment of the British arm}' ; and had
three sons; George D., John De Berniere and
Jolmson J. (q.v.) ; and a daughter Louisa who
married, first, the Rev. Daniel Cobia, and second-
ly the Rev. J. J. Roberts, D.D. He is the author



[139]



HOOPER



HOOPER



of a memoir of his uncle, William Hooper the
signer, in * • Wlieeler's History of North Carolina ; "
memoirs of Generals Howe and Ashe (]\IS. 1900) ;
sketches of William Hill, Harnett, Abner Nasli,
Caswell, Davie, Iredell, Johnston, Moore and other
notable citizens of North Carolina of the Revolu-
tionary period, and of a pamphlet containing
sketches of prominent men from the Cape Fear
district, from its settlement to the Mexican war,
signed *' Caius Victor," He died at the home of
his son George, at Crawford, Ala,, Sept. 25, 1858.
HOOPER, Franklin William, educationist, was
born at Walpole, N.H., Feb. 11, 1851 ; son of Will-
iam and Elvira (Pulsifer) Hooper ; grandson of
James Hooper. He was prepared for college at
Antioch, Yellow Springs, Ohio, graduated from
Harvard in 1875, made a scientific ex])edition to
the Florida Keys in 1875-TC for Prof. W. G. Far-
low and the Smithsonian Institution ; wasprinci-
pal of the Keene, N.H., liigh school, 1877-80, and
became professor of chemistry and geology at
Adelphi college, Brookl^ni, in 1880. He was elected
a trustee of the Brooklyn Institute in IMay, 1887 ;
was made chairman of the committee on scientfic
Avork in October of the same year ; proposed a
plan for the reorganization of the institute and
its incorporation as the Brooklyn Institute of Arts
and Sciences in 1889, and was made director of the
corporation in May , 1890. He was elected a mem-
ber of the Brooklyn board of education in 1892 ;
a member of the American Association for tlie
Advancement of Science in 1896 ; a trustee of An-
tioch college in 1898 ; a member of tlie board of
directors of the Brooklyn public libi'ary in 1894 ;
a member of the boai*d of directors and treasurer
of the New England Society in the City of Brook-
lyn in 1893 ; a member of the New Yorli: Academy
of Sciences ; a member of the Hamilton, Montauk
and Union League clubs of Brooklyn ; and was a
member of the executive committee of the Brook-
lyn Civil Service Reform association, 1890-98. He
received the honorary degree of A.M. from Har-
vard university in 1897. He is tlie author of fre-
quent contributions to current periodicals.

HOOPER, George De Berniere, lawyer, was
born in or near Wilmington, N.C., in 1809 ; eld-
est son of Archibald Maclaine and Charlotte (De
Berniere) Hooper. He was brought up on the
plantation of his grandfather, George Hooper,
and was appointed a cadet to the U..S. Blilitary
academy. West Point, but left there on account
of ill health. He completed his school training
in North Carolina and was admitted to the bar
in Charleston, S.C. He settled in practice in La
Fayette, Ala., in 1833, where he Mas a major in
the volunteer army against the Indians, continu-
ing in the service till peace was declared. Here-
moved successively to Crawford, Ala.; Columbus,
Ga., and Opelika, Ala., and was for a time chan-



cellor of the eastern division of Alabama and
one of the best known supreme court and chan-
cery lawyers in the state. He was a supporter of
Bell and Everett in ISdO, and, although not an
advocate of secession, gave tlie new government
his hearty support, sent two of liis sons to the
front and was a member of the home guard pres-
ent at Columbus, Ga., iu the stand made there
against tlie Federal troops in 1865. Pie was mar-
ried in 183G to Caroline, daughter of Charles P.
Mallett, of Fayetteville, N.C., and their oldest
son, George William, a soldier in tlie Confederate
States army, was crippled from wounds received
at Seven Pines.— married liis cousin, Charlotte
Isabella Waddell ; was prosecuting attorney for
Russell county, and died in Opelika, Ala., in
1883 ; Charles, the second son, also joined the Con-
federate army, and was promoted lieutenant-
colonel on the field at second Manassas for gal-
lantry. George D. Hooper died at the home of liis
son John in Birmingham, Ala., March 19, 1892.

HOOPER, John De Berniere, educator, was
born in Smithville (Southport), near Wilming-
ton, N.C., Sept. 6, 1811 ; second son of Archibald
Maclaine and Charlotte (De Berniere) Hooper.
He attended school at Wilmington, N.C., and
was graduated at the University of North Caro-
lina in 1831 v/ith highest honors, being assigned
the Latin salutatory. He taught in the Episcopal
school for boys near Raleigh, N.C., 1831-35 ; was
tutor at the University of North Carolina, 1835-38,
and professor of Latin and French, 1838-48. He
removed to Warren county, N.C., in 1849, and
opened a pi*ivate school for boys. He was in
charge of the Fayetteville Female academy,
1860-GG ; principal of the Collegiate institute for
young ladies, Wilson, N.C., 1866-75, and upon
the reorganization of the University of North
Carolina he was professor of Greek and French
languages, 1875-85, and a trustee of the university,
1875-81. He was married, Dec. 30, 183 r, to his
fourtli cousin, Mary Elizabeth, daughter of the
Rev. William Hooper, of North Carolina. Of
their children, Helen became the wife of James
Wills, of Chapel Hill ; Fanny, the wife of Spier
Whitaker of Raleigh, afterward judge of the
superior court of North Carolina ; Julia, the wife
of Professor Graves, of the University of North
Carolina; and Henry resided in Edenton, N.C.,
and was married to Jessie Wright of that
town. The data used in preparing the sketches
of the Hooper family which appear in this work
were furnished by Mrs. Spier Whitaker, a careful
student of the annals of the family. Professor
Hooper died at Chapel Hill, N.C., Jan. 23, 1886,
and was bui-ied in Oakwood cemetery, Raleigh.

HOOPER, Johnson J., editor, was born in
North Carolina in June, 1815; son of Archi-
bald and Charlotte (De Berniere) Hooper. He



[140]



HOOPER



HOOPER



removed early in life to Alabama, where he par-
ticipated in the Indian wars, and was editorj suc-
cessively, of the Chambers County Times, the
Aldbama Journal and the Montgomery Mail.
He was elected state solicitor, and was private
secretary to Leroy P. Walker, C.S. secretary of
war, 1861-62, serving as secretary of the Confed-
ei'ate provisional congress both at Montgomery,
Ala., and Richmond, Va. He was married in
1S4'2 to Mary Mildred Brantley, who died in May,
1899. They had two children ; William, a captain
in the C.S. army and subsequently law partner
of Gen. Samuel Gholsou, of Aberdeen, !Miss., was
assassinated in Juh', 1875 ; and Adolphus, a bus-
iness man in New York city and New Orleans,
died in New Orleans about 1894 from the result
of a railroad accident. Secretary Hooper was
custodian of the proceedings of the Confederate
States congress, and at the time of his death
was engaged in preparing the same for perma-
nent record. He was author of Simon Suggs, and
was commended by Thackeray as one of the best
humorous writers of America. He died in Rich-
mond, Va.. June 7, 1862.

HOOPER, Lucy Haniilton( Jones), author, was
born in Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 20, 1835 ; daughter
of Bataile Muse Jones, a well-known merchant
of Philadelphia. She was educated in her native
city, and while attending school contributed
verses to Godeij's Lady^s Book. She was married
in 1854 to Robert M. Hooper, a native of Phila-
delphia, where they resided until 1874. Soon
after her marriage a commercial crisis ruined
her husband's business and she was compelled
to adopt literary pursuits as a profession. She
contributed regularly to newspapers and maga-
zines, and was associate editor of Our Daily Fare,
issued in connection with the fair held by the
U.S. Sanitary Commission in Philadelphia in
1864, and to which she presented the first hundred
copies of a small collection of her poems pub-
lished in that year. She Avas associate editor of
Lippincotfs Magazine from its establishment in
1868 until 1870, when she made her first trip to
Europe. Her husband was appointed vice-
consul-general in Paris in 1874, and she became
Paris correspondent for the Philadelphia Evening
Telegraph, the Baltimore Gazette, the American
issue of the Art Journal, Appleton's Journal,
LippincotVs Magazine, the St. Louis Post-Dis-
patch and the Paris American Register. She is
the author of : Poems tcith Translations from the
German of Geibel and Others (1864) ; Poems
(1871) ; TJie Nabob, translated from the French of
Alphonse Daudet by special agreement with
Daudet (1878) ; Under the Tricolor ; or the Amer-
ican Colony in Paris, novel (1880) ; TJie Tsars
Widow, novel (1881); two plays: Helen's In-
heritance, which was produced at the Tlieatre



d' Application, Paris, in 1888, at the Madison
Square theatre, New York, in 1889, and toured
the United States for several seasons under
the title Inherited ; and Her Living Image, in
collaboration with a Frencli dramatist. She died
in Paris, France, Aug. 31, 1893.

HOOPER, Samuel, reiDresentative, was born in
TMarblehead, Mass., Feb. 3, 1808. His father and
grandfather were both merchants, and his father
was president of the old Marblehead bank. In
early life Samuel went as supercargo in his
father's vessels to Cuba, Russia and Spain. He
was married in 1832 to a daughter of "William
Sturgis, and thereupon became a junior partner
in the firm of Bryant, Sturgis &Co., in Boston,
where he remained ten years Asa member of
the firm of William Appleton & Co. he engaged
in the China trade, 1842-7o. He was interested
in the manufacture of iron and in iron mines. He
was a representative in the state legislature, 1852-
55 ; state senator, 1857, and a Republican repre-
sentative from Boston in the 37th-43d congresses
inclusive, 1861-75. He served on the committees
on ways and means, banking and commerce, and
on the war debts of the loyal states. He was
credited by Secretary Chase with being largely
responsible for the success in floating the national
loan of April, 1881, and in establishing the na-
tional banking system. He was a delegate to the
Philadelphia Loyalists' convention of 1866. He
founded the Sturgis-Hooper professorship of
geology in connection with the scliool of mining
and practical geology in Harvard university in
1865, which was made a separate chair in 1875.
His contribution to Harvard to sustain the pro-
fessorship was $50,000. Harvard conferred on him
the honorary degree of A.M. in 1866. He is the
author of: Currency or Money; its Nature and
Uses (1855) ; A Defence of the Merchants of Boston
(1866) ; An Examination of the Tlieory and the
Effect of the Laws Regulating the Amount of Spe-
cie in Banks (1860) ; and pamphlets and speeches.
He died in Washington, D.C., Feb. 13, 1875.

HOOPER, William, clergyman, was born in
Edenmouth, a farm at the junction of the Eden
with the Tweed near Kelso, Scotland, in 1704 ;
son of Robert and Mary (Jaffray) Hooper, who
were married, Aug. 2, 1692. William was grad-
uated at Edinburgh university (which was also
the alma mater of his father), ]M.A., in 1723 ; im-
migrated to Boston, Mass., where he became well
known as an orator, and was pastor of the West
Congregational church in that place, from its
foundation in 1737 until his change to the Epis-
copal faith in 1746. *' He changed," says Bishop
Phillips Brooks, ** partly because of the argument
for Episcopacy, but mainly because of the more
liberal theology." He went to England in 1746,
where he received orders and returned to Boston



[141]



HOOPER



HOOPER



in 1747, to take charge of Trinity parish, to which
he had been called as rector, in which capacity
he remained till his death. During the twenty
years of his pastorate he enjoj^ed the utmost af-
fection and reverence of his congregation. He
married Mary, daughter of John Dennie, an emi-
nent merchant of Boston. Of their five children,
William "the signer," John, George, Mary and
Thomas,— John died unmarried, Mary married a
]Mr. Spence, and AVilliam, George and Thomas re-
moved to the south, George marrying Catherine,
daughter of Archibald Maclaine, of Wilmington,
N.C., a fiery Revolutionary patriot, prominent in
the provincial conventions ; and Thomas marry-
ing Mary Heron, daughter of Ca]Dt. Ben Heron,
of Windsor, Bertie county, N.C. The Rev. William
Hooper died suddenly while walking in his gar-
den in Boston, Mass., April 14, 1767.

HOOPER, William, signer of the Declaration
of Independence, was born in Boston, Mass., June
28, 1743 (U.S.); son of the Rev. William and
Mary (Dennie) Hooper, and grandson of Robert
and Mary (Jaffray) Hooper of Edenmouth, parish

of Ednam, near Kelso,
Scotland. William
studied under tlie cel-
ebrated John Lovell,
who prepared Jiim for
college. He was grad-
uated at Harvard in
1760 and studied law
under James Otis. In
1767 he settled in
l)ractice at Wil-
mington, N. C. He
took an active part
with the government
against the "Regu-
lators,"' who were
defeated at Ala-
mance, May 16, 1771 ; represented the Wilming-
ton district in the house of commons in 1773 ;
was one of the five projectors of a provisional
congress which met in New Bern, Aug. 25,
1774 ; and represented the state of North
Carolina in the Continental congress, 1774-77.
He was speaker of the Hillsborough and Halifax,
N.C, conventions in 1776, and wrote an eloquent
address to the British parliament. He signed the
Declaration of Independence of July 4, 1776 :
served on important committees, and resigned
his seat in congress in 1777 in order to earn money
to support his family. He was forced to leave
Wilmington upon the occupation of the city by
the British, but returned in 1781 after the evacu-
ation and removed the following year to Hills-
borough. He was a Federal judge in the New
York and Massachusetts boundary commission
dispute in 1786, and retired from public life in




^ J^'oa/u^ - :::^



1787. In tlie fall of 1767 he married Anne,
daughter of High-Sheriff Thomas and Barbara
(Murray) Clark, of Wilmington, N.C, and sister
of Col. and Brevet-Brig. -Gen. Thomas Clark, of
the American army, who is mentioned in the war
records at Washington, D.C., *' in the list of officers
of tlie late war wlio continued to the end tliere-
of." They had three children : William, who
married Helen Hogg; Thomas, unmarried; and
Elizabetli, who married Henry Hyrne Watters
and left no children. W^illiam ''the signer''
died in Hillsborough, N.C. Oct. 14, 1790.

HOOPER, William, educator, was born in
Hillsborough, N.C, Aug. 31, 1792 ; son of William
and Helen (Hogg) Hooper ; grandson of William
"the signer" and Ann f Clark) Hooper, and great-
grandson of William and Mary (Dennie) Hooper.
He was graduated at
the University of North
Carolina, A.B., 1809;
A.M., 1813; was tutor
there, 1810-17, and pro-
fessor of ancient lan-
guages, 1817-22. He
studied at Princeton
Theological seminary,
1812-13, one session.
He was made a deacon
in the P.E. church in
1819, ordained priest,
April 24, 1822, and was '
rector of St. John's
church, Fayetteville,
N.C, 1822-24. He was
connected with the University of North Carolina
asprofessor of logic and rhetoric, 1825-28, and of
ancient anguages, 1828-37. He became an adher-
ent of the Baptist denomination in 1831, and was
theological professor in the Furman institution,
near Winnsboro, S.C, 1838-40; professor of Ro-
man literature in South Carolina college, Colum-
bia, S.C, 1840-46, and president pro tempore for a
time; president of Wake Forest college, N.C,
1846-49; teacher of a boys' school, Littleton,
1849-51 ; pastor of the Baptist church at New
Bern, 1852-54 ; president of the Chowan collegiate
institute, Murfreesboro, 1855-61 ; teacher in the
Female seminary, Fayetteville, 1861-65 ; and as-
sociate principal with liis son-in-law, J. De Ber-
niere Hooper, of Wilson collegiate seminary for
young ladies, 1866-75. He received the honorarj^
degree of A.M. from the College of New Jersey
in 1818, that of D.D. from the Univei'sity of North
Carolina in 1857, and that of LL.D. elsewhere.
After his fatlier's death his mother was married
to the Rev. Dr. Joseph Caldwell, president of the
University of North Carolina. He married in ■
December, 1814, Fanny P., daughter of Edward
Jones, solicitor-general of North Carolina. Of




^^^^^^^:^?^^;^1^^



[142]



HOOPER



HOPE



their children : William, Edward, ]\Iary, Joseph,
Thomas, Dii Ponceau— the only descendants of
William Hooper the signer,— the first, second
and youngest sons were physicians ; Thomas was
assistant and principal of a number of schools in
North Cai'olina ; and Joseph was also a well-
known teacher. Du Ponceau and Joseph both
entered the Confederate army at the outbreak
of the civil war in 1861 ; Du Ponceau was killed
at the battle of Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 1862, and
Joseph was in 1900 the sole survivor of the fam-
ily, and resided in Jacksonville, Fhi. President
Hooper died at Chapel Hill, N.C., Aug. 19, 1876.
HOOPER, William Henry, delegate, was born
at '' Warwick JIanor,'' Dorchester county. Eastern
Shore, Md., Dec. 25. 1813; son of Henry (1789-
1817) and Mary Noel (Price) Hooper; grandson
of William Ennalls and Sarah (Ridgeway)
Hooper; great-grandson of Brig.-Gen. Henry and
Anna (Ennalls) Hooper; greats-grandson of Col.
Henry and (Orricke) Hooper and of Wil-
liam Ennalls, greats-grandson of Chief-Justice
Henry and Mary (Ennalls) Hooper and great -
grandson of Capt. Henry Hooper of the English
army, whosettled in Dorchester county, Md. , prior
to 1670 on land granted by Lord Baltimore, and was
a member of the provincial legislature in 1694.
William Henry Hooper attended the county
school for a short time ; was a clerk in a store,
1837-33; merchant at Eastern Shore, 1832-35; went
to Galena, 111., in 1835, where he kept a store three
years, failed in business and in 1843 engaged as
clerk on a Mississippi steamboat. In 1844 he
began the business of building steamboats, and
his last boat, the Alexander Hamilton, built in
1847, was burned in 1849, and the loss ruined liis
business. He was then engaged as clerk in a
mercantile house in Salt Lake City, Utah, 1850-53;
visited California on business in 1854 and estab-
lished himself in business in Salt Lake City in
1855. He was a member of the convention that
met to frame a constitution for the proposed
state of Deseret in 1855 ; was appointed by
Brigham Young secretary j^^'O tempore of the
territory of Utah, which appointment was rec-
ognized by the government at Washington, and
he served, 1857-58. He was elected delegate from
Utah Territory to the 36th congress, 1859-61, and
in 1862 he was elected U.S. senator from the
proposed state of Deseret. He was again a
delegate from Utah Territory to the 39th, 40th,
j41st. and 42d congress, 1865-73, and in 1873 was
again elected U.S. senator from the proposed state
of Deseret. He was a director of Zion's Co-opera-
tive Mercantile institution, 1868-77 ; superin-
tendent, 1873-75, and president, 1877-82. He was
an organizer in 1871, a director and for many
years president of the Deseret national bank.
He died in Salt Lake City, Dec. 29, 1882.



HOOPES, Josiah, horticulturist and botanist,
was born in West Chester, Pa., Nov. 0, 1832 ; son
of Pierce and Sarah (Andrews) Hoopes ; and
grandson of Abner and Hannah (Pierce) HoojDes
and of James and Martha (Bunting) Andrews.
His first ancestor in America, Josliua Hoopes,
emigrated from Cleveland, Yorkshire, England, in
1683, and settled in Bucks county, Pa. Josiah
was educated in the schools of Philadelphia and
established a nursery at West Chester in 1853
which became noted for its production of rare
trees, shrubs and fruits. Mr. Hoopes made
frequent visits to the old world in search of new
species and introduced many of the popular speci-
mens of useful and ornamental trees. He helped
to found in iy59 the Horticultural association
of Pennsylvania, and was its president, 1869-75.
He was elected a member of the Ornithologists*
union and of various scientific societies ; and was
a trustee of the AVest Chester state normal
school from its commencement in 1871, serving
about fifteen years. He published : Book of Ever-
greens (1868) and was a regular correspondent on
horticultural subjects for the New York Tribune,
Philadelphia Press, and leading magazines.

HOPE, James, painter, was born at Drygrange,
Scotland, Nov. 29, 1818 ; son of Henry and Helen
(Haag) Hope. He was taken by his father to
Canada in 1827 and liA^ed on a farm until his
father's death in 1834, when he removed to Ver-
mont, and served a five years' apprenticeship to
a wagon-maker in Fairhaven. He attended
Castleton seminary, 1839-40 ; taught school in
W^est Rutland, Vt., 1840-41, and was married,
Sept. 20, 1841. to Julia M. Smith, of West Rutland.
Shortly after this he received a serious axe- wound
and during the long confinement that followed
he won quite a local reputation as a portrait
painter and earned by this means about $100 with
which he purchased books and artists' materials
and began the study of art. Soon after lie opened
a studio in Montreal, where he worked success-
fully for two 3'ears. Returning to Vermont, he
devoted his attention to landscape painting and
for three years taught drawing and painting in
Castleton seminary. In 1851 he built a residence
in Castleton, Vt., where for many years he spent
his summers, and which he continued to own
until his death. In 1852 he opened a studio in
New York city. He was mustered with the 2d
Vermont volunteers, June 20, 1861, as captain of
Co. B.; took part in both battles of Bull Run, all
the engagements on the peninsula, and the battles
of Fredericksburg and Antietam. In the Mary-
land campaign he was second in command of his
regiment. He was Iionorably discharged, Dec. 20,
1862, on account of impaired health. In 1872 he
removed to Watkins Glen, N.Y., and from the
scenery of that place he painted some of his more



[143J



HOPE

successful works. He was elected an associate
National Academician in 1865. Among his paint-
ings are: The Army of the Potomac (1S64) ; The
Forest Glen (1865) ; The Gem of the Forest (1867) ;
Rainbow Falls, WatJdns Glen (1872). The last
work of his life comprises five large canvases
illustrative of the battle of Antietam, from
sketclies made at the battle : (1) Looking South
(1889), (2) Looking TT^.sf (1889), (3) Looking
North (1890), (4) TJie Burnside Bridge (1890),
(5) After the Battle, Bloody Lane (1891). He
died in Watkins, N.Y., Oct. 20, 1892.

HOPE, James Barron, poet, was born in the
'Gosport navy yard, Norfolk, Va., March 23, 1829,
at the residence of Commodore James Barron,
the younger; son of Wilton and Jane (Barron)
Hope ; grandson of George and Rebecca (Mere-
dith) Hope, and of Commodore James and Eliz-
abeth (Armistead)
Barron and nephew
of Commodore Sam-
uel Barron, U.S.N.
His father, Wilton
Hope, of '^ Bethel,"
Elizabeth City coun-
ty, was a gifted man
and a landed pro-
l^rietor. James Bar-
ron Hope began his
education in German-
town, Pa., and later
studied under John
B. Cary at the acad-
emy at Hampton,
Va. He was gradu-
ated at the College of William and Mary, A.B.,
in 1847, and settled as a lawyer at Hampton,
Elizabeth City county, Va. He served as secre-
tary to his uncle, Commodore Samuel Barron, on
the Pennsylvania in 1851, and was transferi-ed to
the Cyane, in whicli he made a cruise to the West
Indies, 1853. He became commonwealth's at-
torney to Elizabeth City county in 1856. Al-
ready as '* Henry Ellen" he had contributed to
various southern publications, notably the Liter-
ary Messenger. In 1857 " Leoni di Monota and



Online LibraryJohn Howard BrownLamb's biographical dictionary of the United States; → online text (page 30 of 142)