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Lamb's biographical dictionary of the United States; (Volume 06) online

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elected a member of the state legislature 1893,
and held other offices. He was elected governor
of Washington in 1895, and was re-elected in




1899 for the term to expire in 1904. He is the
author of : The Irrepressible Conflict (1894) ; Look
ing Forward (1896); The Inalienable Rights of
Man (1898). He died at Puyallup. Wash.. Dec.
26. 1901.

ROGERS, Moses, navigator, was born in New
London. Conn., in September, 1780. He assisted
Robert Fulton in his experiments with the steam
boat, and in 1808
commanded the
Cleniiont. He
was associated
with Robert L.
Stevens in the,,
command of the
Phoenix, the first ocean-going steamer that made
the trip from New York to Philadelphia!!! June.
1809. He later commanded the steamer Savan
nah on her trial-trip from Charleston to Sa
vannah, for which vessel he had built a 90-horse
power low-pressure engine, which he placed in
the hull under the direction of W T illiam Scar
borough (q.v.). He had as a passenger in this
trial-trip President Monroe. In the Savannah
Captain Rogers, with his brother Stephen as
engineer, made the first trip across the ocean in
a steam vessel, leaving Savannah, March 28. 1819,
and arriving at Liverpool, June 18. 1819. and sub
sequently visiting Copenhagen, St. Petersburg
and Norway. In the passage across the Atlantic,
her engines were used 14 of the 22 days consumed
in the passage, sails being used 8 days to save
fuel. He died in Cheraw, S.C., Sept. 15, 1822.

ROGERS, Randolph, sculptor, was born in
Waterloo, N.Y., July 6, 1825. He received a
common-school education and engaged in busi
ness in Ann Arbor, Mich., and in New York city
until 1848, when he went to Rome, Italy, to study
modelling with Lorenzo Bartolini. He opened a
studio in New York city in 1850, and in 1855 re
turned to Italy. Among his works are : Ruth
(1851); Nydia (1856); Boy Skating ; Isaac, a full-
length figure ; Isaac, nn ideal bust (1865; : mem
orial monuments for Cincinnati (1863-64), Provi
dence (1871), Detroit (1872), and Worcester,
Mass., (1874); Lost Pleiad (1875); Genius of
Connecticut, on the capitol at Hartford (1877),
and an equestrian group of Indians in bronze
(1881). He executed the statue of John Adams,
in Mt. Auburn cemetry (1857); the bas-reliefs on
the doors of the capitol at Washington, represent
ing scenes in the life of Columbus, which were
cast in bronze at Munich, in 1858 ; completed the
Washington monument at Richmond, by adding
the figures of Marshall, Mason, and Nelson ; the
Angel of the Resurrection ; and portrait statues of
Abraham Lincoln for Philadelphia, Pa. (1871),
and William H. Seward for New York city
(1876). He died in Rome, Italy, Jan. 15, 1892.



ROGERS



ROGERS



ROGERS, Robert Empie, chemist, was born
in Baltimore, Mil., March 29, 1813 ; son of Pat
rick Kerr and Hannah (Blythe) Rogers, and
brother of William Barton Rogers (q.v.). His
early education was superintended by his father.
In 1826 he entered his brothers school at Windsor,
Md., and in 1828 he matriculated at Dickinson
college, continuing his studies at William and
Mary college, 1828-31. In the summer of 1831 he
was employed in railway surveying in New Eng
land ; spent the following winter in New York
city, where he delivered four lectures on chemis-
trv : resumed surveying near Boston, Mass., in
May, 1833, and in the fall entered the medical
department of the University of Pennsylvania,
from which he was graduated in 1836. Mean
while he constructed a galvanometer for his
brother James and assisted his brother Henry in
preparing models to illustrate the latter s lectures
on crystallography. He served as chemist to
the geological survey of Pennsylvania, 1836-42 ;
was acting instructor in chemistry in the Uni
versity of Virginia, 1841-42, and professor of gen
eral and applied chemistry and materia medica,
1842-32. He was married, March 13, 1843, to
Fanny Montgomery, daughter of Joseph S. Lewis
of Philadelphia, Pa. Upon the death of his
brother James in 1832 he became professor of
chemistry in the University of Pennsylvania and
dean of the medical faculty in 1856, and also
served as acting surgeon at the W T est Philadel
phia Military hospital, 1862-63. In January of
the latter year, as the result of a painful injury
received while demonstrating the operation of an
ironing machine in the hospital laundry, he was
obliged to suffer the amputation of his right
hand. Dr. Rogers s wife died, Feb. 21. 1863. and
he was married secondly, April 30, 18G6, to Delia
Saunders of Providence. R.I. With Dr. H. R.
Linderman. he was appointed. May 10, 1872, by
Secretary of the Treasury Boutwell a committee
to examine the melter s and refiner s department
of the U.S. mint at Philadelphia, Pa., visiting
in this connection the San Francisco mint, 1873,
and the assay-office in Ne\v York city, 1874, and
he executed several other government appoint
ments of a similar nature, including the annual
assay commissions, 1874-79. He was a chemist
to the gas-tmst of Philadelphia, 1872-84, and in
1877 severed his connection with the University
of Pennsylvania to become professor of medical
chemistry and toxicology in the Jefferson Medical
college of Philadelphia, retaining the position
until a few months before his death, when he
was made professor emeritus. He was a fellow
of the College of Physicians and Surgeons ; an
incorporator and member of the National Acad
emy of Sciences ; president of the Franklin insti
tute of Philadelphia, 1875-79, and a member of



various other scientific organizations, to whose
Proceedings he contributed. He also edited,
with James B. Rogers, Elements of Chemistry "
(1846), and Charles G. Lehman s " Physiological
Chemistry" (3 vols., 1855). Lee: "Eulogy on
the Life and Character of Dr. Rogers" by 3. W.
Holland, M.D. (1885). He died in Philadelphia,
Pa.. Sept. 6. 1884.

ROGERS, Robert William, orientalist, was born
in Philadelphia, Pa., Feb. 14, 1864; son of Dr.
Samuel and Mary (Osborne) Rogers ; grandson
of John and Esther (Rapp) Rogers and of Wil
liam and Ann (Kerr) Osborne. He attended the
Central High school in Philadelphia and the
University of Pennsylvania, 1882-84, and was
graduated from Johns Hopkins in 1887. He was
a graduate student at Johns Hopkins university,
the University of Pennsylvania, Haverford col
lege, and the Universities of Berlin and Leipzig ;
and was instructor in Greek and Hebrew at
Haverford, 1887-88. He was married, June 3,
1891, to Ida Virginia, daughter of Henry Zook
and Elizabeth (Ascough) Ziegler of Philadelphia,
Pa. He was professor of English Bible and Sem
itic history at Dickinson college. Pa., 1890-92,
and was elected professor of Hebrew and Old
Testament exegesis at Drew Theological semin
ary, Madison, N.J., in 1893, and non-resident
lecturer at the Woman s college, Baltimore, Md.,
in 1896. He was a member of the Society of
Biblical Archaeology, London ; the American
Oriental society ; the Society of Biblical Liter
ature and Exegesis ; the Oriental club of Phila
delphia ; the American Philosophical society ; a
member of the Eighth International Congress of
Orientalists in Stockholm and Christiana in 1889,
and a member and honorary secretary of the
Assyrian and Babylonian section of the Ninth
International congress in London in 1892 ; official
foreign delegate to the Tenth International con
gress at Geneva, Switzerland, in 1894, to the
Eleventh International congress at Paris in 1897,
and to the Thirteenth at Hamburg in 1902. The
degrees of A.M. and Ph.D. were conferred on him
by Haverford college in 1890; that of D.D. by
Wesleyan university in 1894, that of Ph.D. by
the University of Leipzig in 1895, and that of
LL.D. by Nebraska Wesleyan and Baker uni
versities in 1899. He is the author of : Two
Texts of Esarhaddon (1889); Catalogue of Man
uscripts, chiefly Oriental, in the library of
Haverford college (1890) ; Unpublished Inscrip
tions of Esarhaddon (1891); A Translation of
the Inscriptions of Sennacherib (1892); Outlines
of the History of Early Babylonia (1895), and A
History of Babylonia and Assyria (2 vols., 1900).
ROGERS, Thomas J., representative, was born
in Waterford, Ireland, in 1781. He was brought
to Easton, Pa., by his parents when three years



[533]



ROGERS



ROGERS



old, and later learned the printer s trade, and
edited a political newspaper. He was a Demo
cratic representative from Pennsylvania in the
15th congress in place of John Ross, resigned, and
served also in the 16th, 17th and 18th congresses,
1818-24. He resigned his seat in the 18th congress,
April 26, 1824, having been appointed recorder
of deeds for Northampton county. Pa., and was
succeeded in congress by George Wolf of Easton.
He was a trustee of Lafayette college, 1826-32 ;
was commissioned brigadier-general in the state
militia, and in 1831 was appointed U.S. naval
officer in Philadelphia. He is the author of : A
New American Biographical Dictionary : or Re
membrance of the Departed Heroes, Sages and
Statesmen of America (1823; 2d ed., 1829). He
died in Philadelphia, Pa., Nov. 30, 1832.

ROGERS, William, educator, was born in
Newport, R.I., July 22, 1751 ; second son of Capt.
William and Sarah Rogers. He was the first stu
dent at Rhode Island college (Brown university)
where he was graduated. A.B., 1769, A.M., 1772.
He was principal of an academy at Newport, R.I.,
in 1770 ; was ordained to the Baptist ministry in
May, 1772. and was pastor of the First Baptist
church, Philadelphia, Pa., 1772-75 ; battalion
chaplain in the Continental army, 1776-78 ; brig
ade chaplain, 1778-81, and retired from the army
in 1781. He engaged in preaching, 1781-89, and
was professor of oratory and English literature
at the University of Pennsylvania, 1789-1811.
He was twice married ; first to a daughter of
William Gardner of Philadelphia, who died of
yellow fever. Oct. 10, 1793 ; and secondly, Jan. 15,
1795, to Sunannah, daughter of Joseph Marsh of
Philadelphia. He was vice-president of the Penn
sylvania Society for the Gradual Abolition of
Slavery in 1790, and a member of the Maryland
society in 1794; vice-president of the Philadel-
.phia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public
Prisons in 1797 ; chaplain of the Philadelphia
militia legion in 1805 ; senior chaplain of the New
England society of Philadelphia in 1816 ; a rep
resentative in the state legislature, 1816-17, and
vice-president of the Religious Historical society
of Philadelphia in 1819. The honorary degree of
A.M. was conferred on him by the University of
Pennsylvania in 1773 ; by Yale college in 1780
and by the College of New Jersey in 1786, and
that of D.D. by the University of Pennsylvania
in 1790. He was correspondent and editor of the
Evangelical Magazine of London in 1802 and is
the author of : A Circular Letter on Justification
(1785); An Introductory Prayer (1789); A Sermon
on the Death of the Rev. Oliver Hart (1796) ; Intro
ductory Prayer Occasioned by the Death of Gen
eral Washington (1800, and a circular letter on
Christian Missions. He died in Philadelphia, Pa.,
April 7, 1824.



ROGERS, William Augustus, astronomer,
was born in Waterford, Conn., Nov. 13, 1832 ; son
of David Potter and Mary Ann (Potter) Rogers ;
grandson of David and Mary (Potter) Rogers and
of George and Mary (Stillman) Potter, and a de
scendant of James Rogers. He was graduated
from Brown university in 1857 ; was married,
July 15, 1857, to Rebecca Jane Titsvvorth ; was a
teacher at Alfred academy. 1857-58; professor
of mathematics and astronomy there, 1858-70 ;
studied theoretical arid applied mechanics at the
Sheffield Scientific school of Yale, 1866-67. and
astronomy at Harvard university, where lie served
as assistant for six months. During the civil war
he served in the U.S. navy, 1864-65. He built
and equipped the observatory at Alfred and was
assistant at the Harvard observatory, 1870-77, and
assistant professor of astronomy at Harvard,
1877-86. In 1886 lie was chosen professor of as
tronomy and physics at Colby university, Water-
ville, Me. He made a special study of the con
struction of comparators for the determination
of differences in length, which resulted in the
construction of the Rogers-Bond universal com
parator. In 1880 he went abroad to obtain au
thorized copies of the English and French stand
ards of lengths which were used as the bases of
comparison for the bars that he had constructed,
and that were adopted as standards of length by
all the important colleges, observatories and gov
ernment institutions. The honorary degree of
A.M. was conferred on him by Yale in 1880 ; that
that of Ph.D. by Alfred university in 1886 and
that of LL.D. by Brown university in 1891. He
was elected a fellow of the Royal society of Lon
don in 1880 and later became an honorary fellow ;
a member of the American Association for the
Advancement of Science and its vice-president,
1882-83, presiding over the section in mathematics
and astronomy and in 1886 he was chosen presi
dent of the American Society of Microscopists.
He is the author of: Annals of Harvard College
Observatory (5 vols.), and Obscure Heat as an
Agent in Producing Expansion in Metals under
Air Contact (1894). He died in Waterville, Me.,
March 1. 1898.

ROGERS, William Barton, educator, was born
in Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 7, 1804; son of Patrick
Kerr and Hannah (Blytlie) Rogers ; grandson of
Robert and Sarah (Kerr) Rogers and of James
and Bessie (Bell) Blythe ; great-grandson of
Robert Rogers of Edergole, Ireland, andof James
Bell, a mathematical instrument-maker of Lon
donderry, England. Patrick Kerr Rogers (1776-
1828) having published articles in the Dublin
newspapers during the Irish Rebellion, hostile
to the government, sailed for America to escape
arrest, and arrived in Philadelphia, Pa., in Au
gust, 1798. He was graduated from the med-



[534]



KOGERS



ROGERS




ical school of the University of Pennsylvania,
1802 ; practised in Philadelphia and Baltimore,
and was professor of natural philosophy and
chemistry in William and Mary college, Virginia,
1819-28. William Barton Rogers removed with
his parents to Balti
more, Md., in 1812,
where he attended
the common schools
and was temporarily
employed in a mer
cantile house ; was
graduated from Wil
liam and Mary, 1822,
delivering an oration
at the third " Vir-
giniad," Jamestown,
Va., in May, 1822;
continued at the col
lege as acting profes
sor of mathematics
and as a post-graduate
student of the classics until Octoher. 1825, and in
the fall of 1826 opened a school at Windsor, Md.,
with his brother James. He delivered two courses
of lectures before the Maryland institute at Balti
more. 1827, and in October, 1828, succeeded to his
father s professorship at William and Mary, hold
ing the position until 1835, when he was elected
to the chair of natural philosophy in the Univer
sity of Virginia, and also chairman of the faculty
iu 1844. In the latter capacity, he prepared a
memorial to the legislature of Virginia in the
defence of the university and its annual appro
priation, and also the " Report of the committee
of the house of delegates on schools and colleges
(Document No. 41, Session of 1844-45), a report
of the greatest interest and importance in the
history of American education. His admin
istration included the arduous period of i; riot
ing" among the students, which was eventually
suppressed by the intervention of civil authority.
He served as state geologist, 1835-42. He was
married, June 20. 1849. to Emma, daughter of
James Savage (q.v.) and Elizabeth (Stillman)
Lincoln Savage of Boston, Mass. ; visited England
and Scotland, June-October, 1849; delivered a
course of lectures on " phases of the atmosphere.
before the Smithsonian Institution. 1852 ; re
signed from the University pf Virginia in 1853,
and removed to his wife s former home at
"Sunny Hill." Lunenburg. Mass. He delivered
a course of lectures on the elementary laws of
physics before the Lowell Institute, 1856-57, and
also devoted much time to geological investiga
tions. As early as 1846 he had conceived a def
inite idea for a polytechnic school in Boston, and
in September, 1860, he submitted to the Com
mittee of Associated Institutions of Science and



Art, of which he was chairman, the plan which
later became the basis of the Massachusetts In
stitute of Technology. The organization was in
corporated, April 10, 1861, on condition that
$100.000 be secured as a guarantee fund at the
expiration of one year. Professor Rogers served"
as chairman of the " committee of twenty "
appointed to frame a constitution and by-laws
for the Institute, Jan. 11, 1861-April 8, 1862,
and on April 19 was elected the first president
of the Institute. Meanwhile he served also as
state inspector of gas meters and gas, 1861-64.
and delivered a second course of lectures before
the Lowell Institute in 1862. In the year 1864
he visited Europe for the purpose of collecting
necessary machinery and apparatus for the
school which was opened for the preliminary
course, Feb. 20, 1865, and for regular courses,
Oct. 2, 1865, with about seventy students and a
faculty of ten members. In the same year the
free evening lectures of the Lowell Institute
were established in connection with the Institute
of Technology. In addition to his duties as pres
ident Professor Rogers also held the chair of
physics and geology until June 10. 1868. In
December, 1868, he was granted leave of absence
for one year on account of failing health, and re
moved to Philadelphia, Pa. His improvement
not being assured, he resigned from the presi
dency of the Institute, May 3, 1870, and was
succeeded by acting-president John D. Runkle
(q.v.). In 1874, after residence in various places,



RCKERS



: -: L ~~ ^=i^r^ - A. - ;*-




he returned to Boston. Mass.. and in 1878, upon
the resignation of Dr. Runkle, again assumed the
presidency of the Institute until Gen. Francis A.
Walker (q.v.) was appointed his successor, May
20, 1881. The honorary degree of LL.D. was con
ferred upon him by Hampden Sidney college in
1848, by William and Mary, 1857. and by Har
vard in 1866. He was chairman of the Associa
tion of American Geologists and Naturalists in
1847 and in 1848 chairman and joint president,
with W. C. Red field, of its successor, the Ameri
can Association for the Advancement of Science,
serving a second time as president in 1876 ; cor
responding secretary of the American Academy
of Arts and Sciences, 1863-69 ; founder and first

[535]



ROGERS



ROLFE



president of the American Association for the
Promotion of Social Science, 1803 ; Massachusetts
commissioner to the Paris exposition of 1867 ;
president of the National Academy of Sciences,
1878 ; elected a foreign member of the Geo
graphical Society of London and of the Royal
Society of Northern Antiquaries in 1844, and was
a corresponding member of the British Associa
tion for the Advancement of Science. In addi
tion to his many important addresses, his pub
lications include numerous scientific articles in
the Farmers Register and Sillinian s Journal ;
Reports for the Geology of the Virginias "
(1836-41); contributions to the Proceedings and
Transactions of various learned societies, and
documents relating to the Massachusetts Institute
of Technology. His name was presented as
eligible for a place in the Hall of Fame for Great
Americans, Ne\v York university, and in the
election of October, 1900, received five votes. In
his complete bibliography see his " Life and
Letters," edited by his wife (2 vols., 1896). Dr.
Rogers and his brothers, James B. (q.v. ), Henry
D. (q.v.) and Robert E. (q.v.), all attained dis
tinction in science and were known as " the
brothers Rogers." William Barton Rogers died
while delivering the diplomas to the graduating
class at the Massachusetts Institute of Tech
nology, Boston, Mass., May 30, 1882.

ROGERS, William Oscar, educator, was born
in New York city, April 12, 1825; son of Andrew
Yelverton and Jane (Phillips) Rogers ; grandson
of John and Martha Rogers and of Samuel and
Lina (Corwin) Phillips. He was prepared for
college at Collegiate Institute, Poughkeepsie,
N. Y. ; attended the University of the City of Ne\v
York, 1845-47, and Williams college, 1847-48,
but because of ill health was obliged to move
south. He taught English literature in an
academy in New Orleans, La., 1850-56, and was
superintendent of public schools in Ne\v Orleans
La., 1856-61. He was commissioned captain in
the Confederate army in September, 1863, and
was assigned to the commissary department
which was stationed first at Jackson, Miss., then
after its capture in Meridian, Miss., and for a
short time at Demopolis, Ala. Acting under
orders from the commissary general at Rich
mond, Va., his department surrendered with the
post at Meridian, Miss., upon the close of the war.
He was again superintendent of the New Orleans
schools, 1856-84 ; was also president of the Syl-
vester-Larned institute, 1870-75, and was director
of public schools, 1884-97. He was married first,
Nov. 24, 1858, to Mary Williams, daughter of
John and Clarinda (Glasgow) Martin of New
Orleans; and secondly, Jan. 1. 1872, to Isabella,
widow of Samuel Osgood of Norwich, Conn.
He was one of the trustees designated by Paul



Tulane to establish Tulane university : was secre-
taiy and treasurer of the university. 18S4-1901, and
acting president from July, 1899, until October,
1900, when he resigned and removed to Madison,
N.J. He was the editor and proprietor of the
Louisiana Journal of Education, 1879-88, and in
1884 received the degree of LL.D. from the Uni
versity of Ohio for services rendered in edu
cational work. One of the largest public schools
in New Orleans was named the William O. Rog
ers school in his honor.

ROHLFS, Anna Katharine Green, author, was
born in Brooklyn, N.Y., Nov. 11, 1*46 ; daughter
of James Wilson and Catherine Ann (Whitney)
Green ; grand-daughter of Richard and Sally
(Webb) Green and of Sellick and Betsy (Knapp)
Whitney, and a descendant of John Howlandand
two other of the pilgrim fathers who came over
in the Mayflower. Her father was a lawyer and
an orator. She was graduated from the Ripley
Female college, Poultney. Vt., B.A.. 1867. and
devoted herself to literature. She was married,
Nov. 25, 1884. to diaries Rohlfs of Brooklyn,
N.Y., a well-known designer of odd ami artistic
furniture, and in 1903 they resided in Buffalo,
N.Y. Besides contributions to periodicals, she is
the author of : The Leavenworth Case (1878) ;
A Strange Disappearance (1879) ; The Sword of
Damocles (1881); The Defence of the Bride and
other Poems (1882); A . T. Z. (1883) ; Hand and
Ring (1883) ; The Mill Mystery (1886) ; Risifi s
Daughter (1886) ; 7 to L? (1887) ; Behind Closed
Doors (1888) ; The Forsaken Inn (1890); Cynthia
Wakeham s Money (1892) ; Marked Personal
(1893); The Doctor, his Wife and the Clock
(1895); Dr. Izard (1895); That Affair Ne.vt Door
(1897); Lost Man s Lane (1898); Agatha Webb
(1899); The Circular Study (1900); One of My
Sons (1901); The Filigree Ball (1903).

ROLFE, William James, editor and author,
was born in Newburyport, Mass., Dec. 10. 1827;
son of John and Lydia Davis (Moulton) Rolfe ;
grandson of Samuel and Mary (Tucker) Rolfe
and of William and Jane (Todd) Moulton, and a
descendant (in the ninth generation) of Henry
Rolfe, an early settler of Newbury, Mass., who,
with his wife, Honour, came from Wiltshire, Eng
land, in 1635. He removed with his parents to
Lowell, Mass., in 1835, where he attended the
public schools ; and was a student at Amherst
college, 1845-48, in 1871 being enrolled as a gradu
ate of the class of 1849. He was an instructor
in Kirk wood academy, Md., in the winter of
1848-49 ; principal of Day s academy, Wrentham,
Mass., 1849-52; master of the Dorchester high
school, 1852-57, and subsequently of the high
schools in Lawrence (1857-61), Salem (1861-62),
and Cambridge, Mass. (1862-68). resigning in
order to give his entire attention to editorial and



[530]



ROLLINS



ROLLINS




literary work. He was associate editor of the
Popular Science News, 1869-93. and edited the
department of " Shakespeariana " in the Literary
World. 1*81-89. and in the Critic (New York),
1890-98. after which time he was one of the staff
contributors to that
journal. He was
married, July 30,
1856, to Eliza Jane,
daughter of Joseph
and Eleanor (Grif
fiths) Carew of Dor
chester, Mass., who
died. March 19, 1900,
leaving three sons :
John C. Rolfe, pro
fessor of Latin, Uni
versity of Pennsyl
vania ; George W.
Rolfe, instructor in
Massachusetts Insti



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