John Jacobs Thomas.

The American fruit culturist, containing directions for the propagation and culture of fruit trees, in the nursery, orchard, and garden, with descriptions of the principal American and foreign varieties, cultivated in the United States online

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THE



AMERICAN FRUIT CULTURIST,



CONTAINING DIRECTIONS FOR TUB



PROPAGATION AND CULTURE OF FRUIT TREES,



NURSERY, ORCHARD, AND GARDEN,



WITH DESCRIPTIONS OF



THE PRINCIPAL AMERICAN AND FOREIGN VARIETIES,



IN THZ TWITBD STATES-



BY JOHN J. THOMAS.

\ v



ILLUSTRATED WITH THREE HUNDRED ACCfRATE FIGURES.



AUBURN:

DERBY, MILLER & COMPANY.

1849.



T4-



tfAIN U* ;JV



Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1849, by

JOHN J. THOMAS,
in the Clerk's Office for the Northern District of New- York.



PREFACE.



THE favorable reception of several editions of the Fruit Culturist,
has induced the author to revise it thoroughly. The whole has been
carefully re-written, and the original amount of matter more than
tripled; at the same time the attempt has been made to comprise all
the really valuable information at present known, by condensation of
language, methodical arrangement, and a free use of illustrations.

Careful attention has been given to uniformity and distinctness in
the use of terms for describing fruits, and variable points have been as
much as possible discarded. Nearly all the descriptions have been
drawn from the fruits themselves, carefully compared with descriptions
in the principal standard works; and to facilitate the detection of
such points of character as are liable to vary with climate, soil, and
culture, specimens for comparison have been largely procured, grown
in several different states of the Union.

In the difficult task of indicating the value of the different varieties,
by the type used for the name, important assistance has been rendered
by several eminent pomologists in the different states. The thanks of
the author are especially due to the following, who have contributed
a large amount of valuable information, or have liberally furnished
specimens of rare varieties:

MARSHALL P. WILDER, Boston;

(For many years President of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, and
President of the American Congress of Fruil Growers.)

SAMUEL WALKER, Roxbury, Mass. ;

(President of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society.)
ROBERT MANNING, Pomological Garden, Salem, Mass, j
BENJAMIN V. FRENCH, Braintree, Mass. ;

(Vice-President of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society.
A. J. DOWNING, Newburgh, N. Y. ;

(Author of Fruits and Fruit Trees of America, and other standard works on

Horticulture )

CHARLES DOWNING, Newburgh, N. Y.;
LUTHER TUCKER, Albany;

(Proprietor of the Horticulturist, and Editor and Proprietor of the Cultivator.

667820



4 PREFACE.

SANFORD HOWARD, Albany;

(Associate Editor of the Cultivator.)
Dr. W. D. BRINCKLE, Philadelphia;

(Chairman of the Fruit Committee of the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society.)
THOMAS S PLEASANTS, Petersburgh, Va. ;
P. BARRY, Rochester, N. Y.j

(Horticultural Editor of the Genesee Farmer.)
F. R. ELLIOTT, Cleveland, Ohio;

(Secretary of the Ohio Fruit Convention.)
A. H. ERNST, Cincinnati;

(President of the Cincinnati Horticultural Society, and of the Ohio Fruit Con-
vention.)

In addition to the preceding, the author would not do justice to his
feelings, without expressing his acknowledgments to the many who
have kindly furnished specimens of rare fruits, among whom are ELL-
WANGER & BARRY, and J. W v . BISSEL, Rochester; W. R. SMITH/
Macedon; B. HODGE, Buffalo; A. MC!NTOSH, Cleveland; F. K.
PHOENIX, Delavan, Wisconsin; C. W. ELLIOTT, Cincinnati; THOMAS
HANCOCK, Burlington, New Jersey; GEORGE GABRIEL, New Haven ;
and SAMUEL H. COLTON, Worcester, Mass.

From his father, David Thomas, he has derived the knowledge of
many valuable facts relative to the cultivation and management oi
Fruit.

Much valuable information has been obtained from the various
works on American Fruits, among which are Downing's invaluable
treatise on Fruits and Fruit Trees, Hovey's Magazine, and the Hor-
ticulturist.

The condensed style of the work forbids a frequent reference to
these various authorities, and this general acknowledgment is more
especially due.

The numerous figures of fruits, have, with very few exceptions,
been drawn by the author from average well grown specimens, by a
mode giving exact impressions of the original



INDEX.

PART I. GENERAL PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES.



CHAPTER I.

Introductory remarks, 13 Profits said advantages of Fruit Culture, 14 Markets,
15 Beueficial effects, 17.

CHAPTER II.

History Improvement in fruit by the ancients. IS Modern progress, 20.

CHAPTER III.

Production of new varieties, 4 Van Mons' experiments, 26 Knight's, 27 Mode
of crossing. 23.

CHAPTER IV.

Propagation of sorts, 30 Cuttings, 32 Eyes, 34 Layers, 34 Grafting, 36 Bud-
ding, 42 Limits of Budding and Grafting, 46 Best stocks, 47.

CHAPTER V.

Changes wrought in fruits by external causes, CO Climate, 51 Sorts declining by
old age, 51 influence of culture, 52 Soil and Stock s 53 Productiveness, 56.

CHAPTER VI.

Soils, 57 Manures, 07 Special manures, 58 Situation, 62 Enclosures, 66 Fruit
stealing, 67.

CHAPTER VII.

Transplanting, 68 Shortening-in, 69 Preparing the ground, 72 Preparing the
roots, 73 -Setting, 74 Watering, 75 Mulching, 76 Season for transplanting, 77.

CHAPTER VIH.

Cultivation of the soil, 80 Experiments, 81 How performed, 82.

CHAPTER IX.
Pruning, 86 Pruning to promote fruitfulness, 89 Pyramidal training-, 90.

CHAPTER X.

Causes of fruitfulness, 92 Root Pruning, 93 Stocks, 94.

CHAPTER XI.

Implements prnning-knife, saws, chisels, 95 Budding knife, grafting tools. 9ft
Shears, ladders, 97-Trellis, 9S-Labels, 99.

CHAPTER XII.

Terms used in describing fruits, 101112.



VI



INDEX APPLES.



PART II. THE DIFFERENT KINDS OF FRUITS.

Introductory Remarks, 115.

CHAPTER I.

THE APPLE. Profits, 117 Propagation Budding, US Root Grafting, 119 Planting
orchards, 121 Renovating old orchards, 124 Gathering and preserving, 126
. Insects, 128.



VARIETIES * Albemarle Pippin, 177.
Alexander, 146.
Alfriston, 177.

American Golden Russet, 178, 190.
American Pippin, 163.
American Red Junealing, 139.
American Summer Pearmain, 136, 190.
Autumnal Swaar, 145.
Bailey Sweet, 159, 191.
Baldwin, 160, 163.
Beauty of Kent, 146.
Beauty of the West, 144.
Bedfordshire Foundling, 177
Belmont, 177 : 176.
Sen, 167.
Benoni, 136.
Bevan's Favorite, 136.
Black Apple, 163.
Black Coal, 164.
Black Detroit, 164.
Black Giiliflower, 164
Blenheim Pippin, 144.
Blue Pearmain, 164.
Borovitsky, 137.
Borsdorff. 178.
Bough, 135, 142.
Bourassa, 178.
Brabant Bellflower, 164
Bracken, 144.
Broadwell, 161.
Buffingtoif s Early, 142.
Bullock's Pippin, 178, 190.
Caaiada Reinette, 178.
Cane, 150.
Cann, 161.
Carthouse 164, 189.
Cathead, 179.
Chandler, 164.
Cole, 137.
Cooper, 147.
Cornish Aromatic, 147.
Cornish Giiliflower, 165.
Cos, 165.

Court of Wick, 179.
Court Pendu, 165.
Cranberry Pippin, 179.
Cumberland Spice, 179, 188.
Danvers Sweet, 161.
Detroit, 164. 183.
Devonshire Quarrenden, 137
Dewitt, 147.
Doctor, 147
Domme, 165.
Downton Pippin, 153.
Dowse, 156.



Drap d'Or, 153.

Durnelow's Seedjing, 165

Dutch Codlin, 153.

Dutch Mignonne, 165.

Dutchess of Oldenburgh. 147.

Dyer, 153, 154.

Early Chandler, 137.

Early Harvest, 142.

Early Joe, 137. 138.

Early Red Margaret, 137, 189.

Early Strawberry, 139, 140.

English Codlin, 155.

English Golden Russett, 179.

English Russett, 180, 190.

English Summer Pearmain. 147.

Esten, 155.

Eustis, 167.

Fallawater, 180.

Fall Cheese, 155.

Fall Harvey, 155.

Fall Orange, 155.

Fall Pippin, 155, 188.

Fameuse, 147, 189.

Fenouillet Gris, 180.

Fenouillet Jaune, 180.

Fenouillet Rouge, 180.

Fort Miami, 181.

Franklin Golden Pippin, 156.

Garden Royal, 139, 190.

Gate, 177.

Gilpin, 164.

Gloria Mundi, 182.

Gloucester Cheese, 149.

Golden Ball, 181.

Golden Harvey, 181.

Golden Pippin, 181, 189.

Golden Reinette, 167.

Golden Russet, 179, 178.

Golden Sweet, 136.

Grand Sachem, 156.

Gravenstein, 149, 148.

Graniwmkle, 145.

Green Seek-no-further. 181, 191

Green Sweet, 162.

Greening, 184.

Hagloe, 141.

Hartford Sweeting, 159.

Haskell Sweet, 145, 192.

Hawley, 156, 154.

Hawthornden, 156, 191.

Herefordshire Pearmain, 167, 188.

Holland Pippin, 155. 156, 188.

Hoary Morning, 167.

Hubbardston Nonsuch, 166, 167.

Hunter, 149.



The standard names are in Roman letters, synomyms in Italics.



INDEX APPLES.



vn



Ingestrie, Red, 151.

Jngestrie, Yellow, 159.

Irish Peach, 139.

Jeffries. 149.

Jersey Greening, 183.

Jersey Sweeting, 145, 190.

Jewell's Red, 149.

Jonathan, 167. 189.

Jnly Branch, 142.

June Apple, 139.

Juneating, 137, 139.

Kaiie, 150.

Kenrick's Autumn, 150.

Kentish Filbasket, 168.

Kerry Pippin. 150.

Keswick Codlin, 156.

Kilham Hill, 150.

King of the Pippins, 150.

Kirk's iMrd Nelson, 163.

Ladies' Sweeting, 159, 160.

Lady Apple, 181, 182, 189.

Laquier, 168.

Large Yellow Bough, 135.

Late Strawberry, 150, 190

Leland Spice, 151, 190.

Lemon Pippin, 157.

Limber Twig, 168.

Loudon Pippm, 182.

Lowell, 157.

Lucombe's Seedling, 168.

Lyman's Large Summer, 142.

Lyman's Pumpkin Sweet, 145.

Lyscom. 151.

Maiden's Blush, 157, 191.

Male Carle, 157.

Mank's Codlin, 143.

Margill, 168.

Marston's Red Winter, 168.

May Apple, 144.

McLellan, 169.

Melon, 151.

Menagere. 157.

Michael Henry Pippin, 182.

Minister, 169.

Monstrous Pippin. 182.

Moose, 182.

Mother, 169, 192.

Mouse, 182.

Murphy, 169.

Newark King, 183.

Newark Pippin, 183.

Newtown Pippin, 182, 187, 172.

Nonsuch, 151, 171.

Norfolk Beaufin, 169.

Northern Spy, 169, 174.

Old Nonpareil, 183.

Old-Town Crab, 162.

Orange, 157, 155.

Orne's Early, 157.

Ortley, 183, 188.

Oslin, 143.

Patterson Sweet, 159.

Peach Poud Sweet, 145, 190

Pearmain. 167, 175.

Peck's Pleasant, 183.

Peunock, 170.



Phillips' Sweeting, 161.

Pickman, 1S4.

Pomme de Neige, 147.

Pomine Grise, 184.

Pomme Royale, 153.

Porter, 157, 148.

Pound, 170.

Priestly, 170.

Pryors Red, 170.

Pumpkin Russet, 146.

Putnam Russet, 185.

Quince, 158.

Ram bo, 151.

Rambour d' Ete, 141.

Ramsdell's Sweeting, 161.

Rawle's Jannet, 170.

Red and Green Sweet, 135.

Red Ashmore, 153.

Red Astrachan, 143.

Red Canada, 171, 166.

Red Gilliflower, 171.

Red Juneating, 137.

Red Quarrenden, 137.

Redstreak, 171.

Republican Pippin, 151.

Rhode Island Greening, 184.

Ribston Pippin, 152.

River, 139.

Romanite, 151, 164.*

Roman Stem, 185.

Ross Nonpareil, 152, 189.

Roxbury Russet, 185, 190.

Saint Lawrence, 152.

Sam Young, 185.

Scarlet Nonpareil, 171.

Scarlet Pearmain, 152.

Seeknqfurther, 175, 181, 186, 191

Shippen's Russet, 185.

Siberian Crab, 158.

Sine Qua Non, 143.

Smokehouse, 152.

Sops of Wine, 141.

Spencer Sweeting, 159.

Spice Apple, 162.

Spice Sweeting, 136.

Spitzenburgh, Esopus, 171, 172.

Spitzenburgh, Flushing, 173.

Spitzenburgh, Newtown, 173.

Spitzenburgh, Kaighn's, 173.

Straivberry, 139, 150, 190.

Stroat, 158.

Sugar-loaf Pippin, 144.

Summer Bellflower, 143.

Summer Golden Pippin, 144.

Summer Hagloe, 141.

Summer Queen, 141.

Summer Rambour, 141.

Summer Rose, 138, 141.

Summer Sweet Paradise, 146, 198.

Surprise, 158.

Swaar, 176, 185.

Sweet Baldwin, 161, 192

Sweet and Sour, 186.

Sweet Fough, 135.

Sweet Pearmajn, 161.

Sweet Russet, 146, 162.



VIII



INDEX APPLES PEARS.



Sweet Swaar, 145.

Tall in an Sweeting, 162.

Tart Bough, 142.

Tetofeky, 141.

Tewksbury Blush. 186.

Tiffi Sweeting, 146.

Tompkins, 158.

Twenty Ounce, 153.

Viindevere, 173.

Victorious Keinette, 186.

Victuals and Drink, 163.

Wagener, 173, 174.

Warner Kusset, 185.

Watson's Dumpling, 173.

Waxen, 177.

Wells Apple, 173.

Wells Sweeting, 162.

Westfield Seeknofurther, 175, 191.

White Juneating, 144, 189.

Figures of comparative



White Pippin. 178.
White Seeknofurther, 186, 191.
White Winier Calville, 186.
Williams' Favorite, 142, 138.
Willow I'wisr, 175.
Wine, 175
Winesap, 175.
Winier Ch.-ese, 187.
Winter Pearmain, 175, 188.
Winter Queen, 177.
Wood's Greening, 187.
Woodstock Pippin, 144.
Woonnan's Enrly, 141.
Wormsley Pippin, 159.
Yellow Beliflower, 187.
Yellow Harvest, 142
Yellow Newtown Pippin, 187.
Yorkshire Greening, 777.

forms of apples, 188, 192.



CHAPTER II.

THE PEAR. Propagation, 193 Seedlings, 194 Dwarfs, 196 Pyramidal Pears,
199 Gatheringa-.id Keeping the Fruit, 200 Diseases, 201



VARTKTIES. Abbott, 233.
Alpha, -.34.

Alihorpe Crassane, 249.
Amande Double, 226.
Amhmsia, 234.
Amire Joan net, 214. 215.
Andrews, 2-26 Ananas. 234
Angleterre, 226
Ast ; >n Town. '251.
Autumn Col mar, 227.
Banlett, 206, 207.
Be.ile et Bnne, 247.
Belle of Brussels, 2(17.
Belle Lucrative, 234, 263.
Sellisime d' Ete, 20?.
Belmont, 234.
Bergam'.t, Autumn, 251.
Bergamot, Karly, 217.
Bergamot, IIani|,den's, 217.
Bergamot, Large Summer, 217.
Bergamoi, Summer, 219
Bergarnotte Cadette, 234, 249, 270.
Berjjamotie d'Automne, 251.
Beurre Bosc, 218, 219.
Beurre Bronzee, '265.
Beurre d'Amalis. 231.
Beurre d'Anjou, 231. 238.
Beurre d'Aremberg, 253.
Beurre Colmar, 235.
Beurre Crapaud, 2:3-5.
Beurre de Beaumont, 235.
Beurre Diel, 220, 270.
Beurre Diival, 227.
Beurre firis d'Hiver Nouveau, 260.
Beurre Kenrick. 2:i5.
Beurre Knox. 231.
Brurre Prebl.-, 235.
Beurre Raiu-e, 257.
Beurre Romam, 234
Beurre Vau Alarum, 227.



Beurre Van Mons, 227.

Bezi de hi Motte, 248.

Bezi de Moniigny, 235.

Bezi d'Heri 265.

Bezi Vaet. 260.

Bslboa. r.olden Beurre of, 238, 239.

Bishop's Thumb, 220.

Black Worcester, 254.

Bleeker's Meadow, 251.

Blood good. '206. 210.

Bon Chretien Fondante, 236.

Boucquia, 236.

Brande's M. Germain, 260.

BranJywine, 208, 268.

Broompark, 265.

Brown Beurre, 231, 269.

Buffum, 236.

Burnett, 22' .

Butter Pear, 210, 241.

Cab. t, 236.

Caen du France, 260, 270.

Caleba-we, 227.

Calhoun, 249.

Capiaumont, 227.

Capsheaf. 245.

Capncin, 232.

Cut iliac. 254.

Chiipman, 2'12.

Chancellor, ^32.

Charles of Austria, 248.

Chiiumt-ntel, 254.

Chelmsforcl, V20

Ciiron. 21?

Citron d.-sCarmes, 2tl.

Clara, 228.

Col rnar, 258.

Colmnrd'Aremberg, 220.

Columbia, 259.

Commodore, 236.

Comprette, 223.



INDEX PEARS.



Compte de Laray, 289.

Comstock, 260.

Copia, 232.

Coter, 260, 270.

Countess of Lunay, 228.

Crassane, 248.

Crawford, 210.

Croft Castle, 251.

Cross, 266.

Cumberland, 220.

Cushing, 237.

Dallas, 237.

Dearborn's Seedling, 214, 215.

Delices d'Hardenpont, 228.

De Louvain, 237

Dix, 221, 270.

Doyenne Boussock, 237, 240.

Doyenne, Gray, 240, 241.

Doyenne. Summer, 216.

Doyenne, White, 240, 244.

Duchesse d'Angouleme, 221, 270.

Duchesse de Mars, 237.

Duchesse d'Orleans, 221, 269.

Dumortier, 245.

Dundas, 237.

Dun more, 232.

Early Catherine, 209.

Early Rousselet, 209.

Easter Bergamot, 261.

Easter Beurre, 259, 264.

Echassery, 261.

Edward's Elizabeth, 239.

Edwards' Henrietta, 215.

Edwards' William, 228.

Emerald. 261.

Enfant Prodigue, 239.

EpinecTEte, 208.

Epine Rose, 217.

Eyewood. 251, 268.

Figue, 228. 269.

Fig of Naples, 239, 269.

Fine Gold of Summer, 217.

Flemish Beauty, 222, 232.

Flemish Bonoretien, 261.

Fondante d'Automne, 234.

Fondante duBois, 261.

Forme de Delices, 239.

Forelle, 229.

Fortunee, 266.

Franc Real d'Hiver, 266.

Frederick of Wurlemburgh, 221

Fulton, 252, 268.

Gansel's Bergamot, 248.

Gendesheim, 221.

Gilogil, 265.

Glout Morceaux, 253, 255.

Great Citron of Bohemia, 233.

Green Chisel, 211, 215.

Green Yair, 241.

Hacon's Incomparable, 248

Haddington, 262.

Harvard, 229.

Heathcot, 241, 268.

Henkel, 241.

Henry IV., 246, 268.

Hericart, 241.



Hessel, 216.

Holland Bergamot, 265.

Howell, 213.

Hugenot, 250.

Hull, 242.

Jalousie, 233.

Jalousie Fontenay,

Jaminette, 258.

Jargonelle, 23 7, 267.

Jargonelle, French, 208, 267

Jersey Gratioli, 229

Johonnot, 246.

Jones, 239.

Josephine, 258.

Julienne, 210-

King Edward's, 223-

Knight's Monarch, 259.

Knight's Seedling, 242.

Las Canas, 258.

Lawrence, 269.

Leech's Kingsessing, 210, 288.

"Leon le Clerc, 262.

Lewis, 263.

Limon, 211.

Little Musk, 216.

Locke, 262.

Lodge, 229.

Long Green, 223.

Louise Bonne, 255.

Louise Bonne of Jersey,

Louise d'Orleans, 242.

Madeleine, 211, 214.

Madotte, 223.

Manning's Elizabeth, 216, 267.

Marie Louise, 224, 270.

McLaughlin, 262.

Messire Jean, 242.

Michaux, 250.

Moccas, 262.

Moor-fowl Egg, 251.

Mouthtoater, 223.

Muscadine, 211.

Muscat Robert, 216.

Napoleon, 229, 269.

Naumkeag, 250.

Neill, 224.

Ne Plus Meuris, 266.

Oliver's Russet, 242.

Onondaga, 224, 267.

Osband's Summer, 211, 215.

Oswego Beurre, 242, 269.

Ott, 216, 267.

Pailleau, 229.

Paquency, 243.

Paradise d'Automne, 218, 294.

Fassans du Portugal, 219.

Passe Colmar, 258.

Pennsylvania, 243.

Petre, 243, 268.

Piquery, 226.

Pitt's Prolific, 230.

Plumbgastel, 225.

Pope's Quaker, 230.

Pope's Scarlet Major, 243.

Pound, 255.

Pratt, 243, 267.



INDEX PEARS QUINCES PEACHES.



Primitive, 216.

Prince's !St. Germain, 256, 263.

Princess of Orange, 252.

Queen Caroline, 230.

Queen of the Low Countries, 225

Quillette, 252.

Rostiezer, 212. 213.

Rousselet de Meester, 250.

Rousselet de Rheims, 246, 268.

Sanspeau, 209.

Seckel, 246, 268.

Shenks, 233

Sieulle, 250, 270.

Skinless, 209, 267.

Smith's Moyamensing, 210, 268.

Soldat Laboreur, 254.

Spanish Bonchretien, 255.

Stevens' Genesee, 249.

St. Germain, 257.

St. Ghislain, 230.

St. Michael, 244.

Styrian, 230.

Sugar of Hoyerswerda, 213-

Sugar Top, 213.

Sullivan, 230.

Summer Bell, 208.

Summer Bonchretien, 225.

Summer Doyenne, 214, 216.

Summer Frankreal, 212, 213.

Summer Portugal, 219.



Summer St. Germain, 213.

Summer Thorn, 208.

Swan's Egg, 247.

Swaivs Orange, 224, 267.

Sylvange. 250.

Trescolt, 244.

Triomphe de Jodigne, 225.

Tyson, 209, 212.

Urbaniste, 226, 269.

Vallee Franche, 215.

Van Assene, 233.

Van Buren, 233.

Van Mons' Leon Le Clerc, 226, 270.

Vicar of Winkfield, 256, 257.

Vicompie de Spoelberch, 258.

Virgalieu, 244.

Virgouleuse, 263.

Washington, 238, 244.

Westcott. 244.

White Doyenne, 240. 244.

Wilbur, 245.

Wilkinson, 245.

Williams' Bonchretien, 207.

Williams' Early, 219, 247.

Windsor, 208.

Winship's Seedling, 209.

Winter Bell, 255.

Winter Crnssane, 266.

Winter Nelis, 263, 264.

Yat, 230.



Summer Rose, 217.

Figures of Comparative forms of Pears, 267271.



CHAPTER III.

THE QUINCE. Propagation Soils, 272 Pruning, 273 Enemies, 274 Varieties.
275.

CHAPTER IV.

THE PEACH. Extent of culture, 276 Budding, 277 Stocks, 279 Orchards, 279
Transplanting, 280 Pruning, 281 Training, 282 Drying and Preserving,
283 Insects, 284 Arrangement, 288.



VARIETIES. Acton Scott, 292.
Astor, 293.

Baltimore Beauty, 300.
Harrington, 293.
Belle de Vitry. 291.
Bellegarde, 293.
Bergen's Yellow, 302.
Blood Clingstone, 305.
Brevoort, 298.
Catherine Cling, 303.
Chancellor, 298.
Clinton. 293.
Cole's Early Red, 294.
Cole's White Melpcoton, 299.
Cooledge's Favorite, 294.
Columbia, 302.
Crawford's Early, 300.
Crawford's Late, 300.
Double Mountain, 289.
Druid Hill, 294.
Early Admirable, 293.
Early Auue, 289.



Early Barnard, 301.

Early Newington Freestone, 208

Early Purple, 298.

Early Tillotson, 291.

Early York, 290, 295.

Emperor of Russia, 292. *

Favorite, 294.

Fox's Seedling, 294.

Garlande, 293.

George IV., 294.

Green Catherine, 295.

Grosse Mignonne, 293.

Heath Cling, 303.

Incomparable, 304.

Jaques' Rareripe, 300.

Kenrick's Heath, 299.

La Granee, 299.

Large Early York, 295.

Large Red Rareripe, 292.

Large White Clingstone, 303.

Late Admirable. 295.

Lnte Red Rareripe, 295.



INDEX PEACHES NECTARINES APRICOTS PLUMS. XI

Late Yellow Alberge, 304. Van Zandt's Superb, 297.

Lemon Clingstone, 304. Walter's Early, 297.

Magdalen of Courson, 289. Ward's Late Free, 297.

Malta, 290. Washington, 297.

Morris Red Rareripe, 296. Washington Clinkstone, 304.

Morris While, 299. White Blossomed Incomparable, 299

Morrissania Pound, 296. White Imperial, 297.

New-York Rareripe, 295. White Nutmeg, 290.

Nivette, 296. Yellow Admirable, 301.

Oldinixon Clingstone, 304. Yellow Alberge, 301.

Oldmixon Freestone, 296. Yellow Rareripe, 301.

OldNewington, 302. NECTARINES. Varieties, 305.

Orange Clingstone, 304. Boston, 307.

Pavie Admirable, 304. Broomfield, 308.

President, 296. Downton, 306.

Red Cheek Melocoton, 300. Due de Telliers, 306.

Red Rareripe, 292. Early Newington, 308.

Rosanna, 301. Early Violet, 306.

Royal Charlotte, 292. Elruge, 306.

Royal George, 292. Fairchild's, 307.

Scott's Early Red, 296. Golden, 308.

Scon's Nonpareil, 301. Hardwicke Seedling, 306.

Serrate Early York, 290. Hunt's Tawny, 307.

Smith's Newington, 302. Murray, 306.

Snow, 299. Newington, 308.

Strawberry, 299. New White, 305.

t^weetwater, 291. Peterborough, 307.

Tcton de Venus, 295. Pitmaston Orange, 307.

Tippecanoe, 304. Red Roman, 308.

CHAPTER V.
THJC ABRICOT. Culture, 309.

VARIETIES. 310 Alberge, 313. Musch, 311.

Black, 310. Orange, 310.

Breda, 310. Peach, 312.

Brussels, 312. Red Masculine, 313.

Dvbois, 311. Roman. 313.

Early Golden, 311. Royal, 312.

Hemskirke, 311. Shipley's, 312.

Large Early. 312. Turkey, 310.

Moorpark, 311. White Masculine, 313.

CHAPTER VI.

THE PLTTM. Raising the young trees, 314 Soil and manure, 315 Insect* CurCtt
lio, 315 Black excrescences, 320 Drying prunes, 322.

VARIETIES. Albany Beauty, 327. Columbia, 334.

American Wheat, 346. Corse's Admiral, 345.

Apricot, 327. Corse's Field Marshal, 345.

Aniumn Gage, 327. Corse's Nota Beue, 337.

Bingham, 331. Cruger's Scarlet, 337.

Bleecker's Gage, 326, 328. Damson, 342.

Bleecker's Scarlet, 345. Dana's Yellow, 333.

Blue Gage. 341. Denniston's Red, 337.

Blue Imperatrice, 344. Denniston's Superb, 328.

Blue Perdrigon, 344. Diamond, 335.

Brevoort's Purple, 343. Domine Dull, 345.

Bnel's Favorite, 331. Downton Imperatrice, 333.

Byfield, 334. Drap d'Or. 329.

Cherry, 346. Duane's Purple, 343.

Cheston, 341. Early Scarlet. 346.

Chickasaw, 347. Early Tours, 347.

Coe's Golden Drop, 332. Elfirey, 342,

Coe' Late Red, 336, 337. Emerald Droo, 333.



INDEX PLUMS CHERRIES.



Flushing Gage, 325.

Fotheringham, 337.

Frost Gage, 347.

German Prune, 335, 345.

Ghiston's Early, 325.

Goliath, 343.

Green Gnge, 326, 329.

Gwalsh, 343.

Holland, 338.

Horse plum, 338.

Howell's Early, 342.

Hudson Gage, 323.

Huling's Superb, 332.

Ickworth Ifnperatrice, 345.

Imperial Gage, 325, 326.

Imperial Ottoman, 325, 330

Isabella, 338.

Italian Damask. 338.

Jaunt Native, 330.

Jefferson, 325, 326.

Judson, 342.

Kirke's, 338.

Large Green Drying, 332.

La, Royale, 341.

Lawrence's Favorite, 325, 326.

Lombard, 345.

Long Scarlet, 346.

Lucombe's Nonsuch, 333.

Manning's Long Blue, 335.

McLaughlin, 332.

Mirabelle, 330.

Morocco, 338.

Mulberry, 332.

Nectarine 344.

Orleans, 339.

Orleans, Early, 339.

Peach Plum, 335.



Peoly's Early Blue, 346.
Pond's Seedling, 339.
Primordial!, 30.
Prince of Wales, 339.
Prune d'Agen, 339.
Purple Favorite, 339.
Purple Gage, 339.
Queen Mother, 342.
Quetsche, 335.
Ked Apricot, 340.
Red Diaper, 335. 336.
Red Egg, 336.
Red Gage, 340
Red Magnum Bonum, 336.
Red Perdngon, 341.
Red St. Martin, 337.
Reine Claude de Bavay, 328.
Royale, 311.
Royale Hative, 341
Royal Tours. 344.
Schencctady Catherine, 342.
Schuyler's Gage, 330.
Semiana, 344.
Sharp's Kmperor, 336.
Smith's Orleans, 343.
St Catherine, 333.
St. Martin's Quetsche, 328.
Suisse, 346,
Thomas, 338.
Washington, 32fi, 327.
White or Yellow Damson. 334.
White Egg, 333.
White Imperatrice, 329.
White Perdrigon, 334.
Wild Plum, 348.
Yellow Gage, 329, 330.



CHAPTER VII.

THE CnffliRT. Propagation Stocks, 349 Budding, 350 Dwarf cherries, 351
Birds excluded by nets, 352 Diseases and insects, 353.



VABIETIES. Amber Gean, 362.
American Amber, 359.
American Heart, 366.
Arch Duke, 368.
Belle de Choisy, 368.
Belle Magnifique, 368.
Bigarreau, 363.
Bigarreau Grot Ca.uret t 362.
Black Bigarreau. 363.
Black Corone, 358.
Black Eagle, 356.
Black Heart, 357.
Black Mazzard, 358.
Black Tartarian, 357.
Bleeding Heart, 358.
Burr's Seedling, 366.
Buttner's Yellow, 367.
Carnation, 370.
China Bisrarreau, 367.
Cleveland Bigarreau, 364.
Cluster, 371.
Coe's Transparent, 358.



Doctor, 359.

Downer's Late, 360.

Downing's Red Cheek, 367.

Downton, 359.

Early May. 371.

Early Purple Guigne, 358.

Early White Heart, 360.

Elkhorn, 363-

Elliot's Favorite. 361.



Online LibraryJohn Jacobs ThomasThe American fruit culturist, containing directions for the propagation and culture of fruit trees, in the nursery, orchard, and garden, with descriptions of the principal American and foreign varieties, cultivated in the United States → online text (page 1 of 31)