John James Audubon.

Ornithological Biography, Volume 1 (of 5) online

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—— purpurea, 24

—— tristis, 172

Frolic, 55


Garter Snake, 371

Gleditschia triacanthos, 226

Goldfinch, American, 172

Golden-winged Woodpecker, 191

Gossipium herbaceum, 359

Grakle, Purple, 35

Grass Finch, 473

Great Carolina Wren, 399

—— Horned Owl, 313

—— footed Hawk, 85

—— Magnolia, 28

—— Pine Swamp, 52

Grouse, Ruffed, 211

Green Briar, 302


Halesia tetraptera, 123

Hare, American, 272

Harlequin Snake, 278

Hawk, Broad-winged, 461

—— Great-footed, 85

—— Pigeon, 466

—— Red-shouldered, 296

—— Red-tailed, 265

—— Stanley, 186

—— Swallow-tailed, 368

—— Winter, 364

Henslow's Bunting, 360

Hermit Thrush, 303

Hibiscus grandiflorus, 104

Hickory Pig-nut, 465

Hirundo bicolor, 490

—— fulva, 353

—— purpurea, 115

Honey Locust, 226

Hornbeam, Virginian, 204

Hospitality, 383

House Wren, 427

Huckleberry, 129

Humming Bird, 248

Hurricane, 262


Icterus agripennis, 233

—— Baltimore, 66

—— pecoris, 492

—— phœniceus, 348

—— spurius, 221

Ilex Dahoon, 257

—— Prinoides, 451

Indian Corn, 41

Indigo Bird, 377

Iris, Coppery, 80

Iron-wood Tree, 204

Ivory-billed Woodpecker, 341


Jay, Florida, 444

—— Columbia, 483

Jersey Pine, 489

Jessamine, Florida, 114

Juglans nigra, 433

—— porcina, 485

Juniperus virginiana, 230


Kalmia latifolia, 289

Kentucky Sports, 290

—— Warbler, 196

Kingsfisher, Belted, 394


Larch, Black, 454

Larix americana, 26

Lanius ludovicianus, 300

Laurel, 289

Lehigh River, 54

Le Petit Caporal, 381

Lepus americana, 278

Liquidambar styraciflua, 232

Liriodendron tulipifera, 71

Little Screech Owl, 485

Loggerhead Shrike, 300

Louisiana Flag, 80

—— Water Thrush, 99

Louisville in Kentucky, 437


Magnolia auriculata, 198

—— grandiflora, 28, 171

Maize, 41

Maple, Red, 287, 352

Marsh Blackbird, 348

—— Wren, 500

Maryland Yellow-throat, 121

Martin, Purple, 115

May apple, 322

May-bush, 309

Meadville, 182

Melia azedarach, 330

Meleagris Gallopavo, 1, 33

Methodists, camp-meeting of, 31

Miegia macrosperma, 149

Mississippi, Flood of the, 156

—— Improvements in the navigation of the, 130

Mocking Bird, 108

Moth mullein, 307

Mouse, Field, 302

Mulberry, Spanish, 259

Mullein, moth, 307

Muscadine, wild, 235

Muscicapa Bonapartii, 27

—— cærulea, 431

—— Ruticilla, 202

—— Selbii, 46

—— Traillii, 236

—— Tyrannus, 403


Nashville Warbler, 450

Naturalist, the eccentric, 455

Navigation of the Mississippi, 130

Niagara, 362

Nyssa tomentosa, 75


Oak, Black, 426

—— Swamp, 125

—— White, 261

Ohio, description of the, 29

—— floods of the, 156

Olive, Wild, 123

Orchard Oriole, 221

Oriole, Baltimore, 66

—— Orchard, 221

Osprey, 415

Ostrya virginiana, 204

Owl, Barred, 242

—— Great Horned, 313

—— Little Screech, 486


Painted Finch, 279

Painter, the original, 410

Papaw tree, 21

Partridge, Virginian, 388

Parus bicolor, 199

Parrot, Carolina, 135

Passenger Pigeon, 319

Pens for catching game, 12

Perdix virginiana, 388

Persimon, 446

Phlox aristata, 361

—— subulata, 409

Phytolacca decandra, 179

Picus auratus, 191

—— erythrocephalus, 141

—— principalis, 381

Pig-nut Hickory, 465

Pigeon Hawk, 466

Pigeon, Passenger, 319

Pine, Jersey, 489

—— White, 201

Pink Root, 361

Pinus inops, 489

—— pendula, 454

—— strobus, 201

Podophyllum peltatum, 332

Pokeweed, American, 170

Pole-cat, 310

Populus candicans, 407

Porcelia triloba, 21

Pot-pie, 39

Prairie, the, 81

Prairie Titlark, 408

—— Warbler, 76

Prickly Pear, 475

Pride of China, 330

Prothonotary Warbler, 22

Prunus Chicasa, 282

Psittacus carolinensis, 135

Purple Finch, 24

—— Grakle, 35

—— Martin, 115

Pyrus Botryapium, 309


Quercus aquatica, 125

—— Prinus, 261

Quiscalus versicolor, 35

Quercitron, 426


Rana taurina, 367

Rathbone Warbler, 333

Red Bird, 232

Red Cedar, 230

Red Larch, 26

Red Maple, 352, 287

Red-headed Woodpecker, 141

—— shouldered Hawk, 296

—— tailed Hawk, 265

—— winged Starling, 348

Redstart, American, 202

Republican Swallow, 353

Regulators, 105

Regulus Cuvierii, 288

Rice Bird, 283

Roscoe's Yellow-throat, 124

Rosa Carolina, 472

Rubus villosus, 152

Ruby-throated Humming-bird, 248

Ruffed Grouse, 211


Sarsaparilla, Wild, 380

Sawyers and Planters, 130

Sciurus cinereus, 247

Screech Owl, 485

Schisandra coccinea, 380

Scipio and the Bear, 479

Seaside Finch, 470

Selby's Flycatcher, 46

Service, 309

Shrike, Loggerhead, 300

Silver-bell Tree, 12

Smilax rotundifolia, 302

Snow-bird, 72

Snow-drop Tree, 123

Solitary Fly-catcher, 147

Song Sparrow, 126

Spanish Coffee, 181

Sparrow, Song, 126

—— Swamp, 331

—— White-throated, 42

Spider-wort, 154

Spigelia marilandica, 361

Squirrel, Grey, 247

Stanley Hawk, 186

Strix Asio, 485

—— nebulosa, 242

—— Virginiana, 313

Still Hunting, 335

Stuartia malacodendron, 95

Summer Red Bird, 232

Swallow, Republican, 353

—— White-bellied, 490

Swallow-tailed Hawk, 368

Swamp, Great Pine, 52

Swamp Oak, 125

—— Sparrow, 331

—— Spice, 451

Sweet Gum, 238

Sylvia æstiva, 476

—— Americana, 78

—— autumnalis, 447

—— azurea, 255

—— carbonate, 308

—— castanea, 358

—— Childrenii, 180

—— discolor, 76

—— formosa, 196

—— icterocephala, 306

—— maculosa, 260

—— pensilis, 434

—— Protonotarius, 22

—— rara, 258

—— rubricapilla, 450

—— Rathbonia, 333

—— Roscoe, 124

—— Solitaria, 102

—— Trichas, 12

—— vermivora, 177

—— Vigorsii, 153


Tanagra æstiva, 232

Tetrao Umbellus, 211

Thistle, Common, 176

Thrush, Hermit, 303

—— Louisiana Water, 99

—— Wood, 372

Timber, preparation of, 54

Titlark, Brown, 49

—— Prairie, 408

Towhe Bunting, 150

Traill's flycatcher, 236

Traveller and Pole-cat, 310

Trochilus colubris, 248

Troglodytes ædon, 427

—— Bewickii, 96

—— ludoviciana, 399

—— palustris, 500

Titmouse, Crested, 199

Tradescantia virginica, 154

Trumpet-flower, 254

—— Ramping, 334

Tulip-Tree, 71

Tupelo, 75

Turdus ludovicianus, 99

—— minor, 303

—— mustelinus, 372

—— polyglottus, 108

Turkey, 1, 33

Turtle Dove, Carolina, 91

Tyrant Fly-catcher, 403


Ursus Americanus, 480


Vaccinium frondosum, 129

Vireo noveboracensis, 328

—— solitarius, 147

Virginian Hornbeam, 204

—— Partridge, 388

Vitis rotundifolia, 235

Vigors's Warbler, 153

Viburnum prunifolium, 123


Warbler, Autumnal, 447

—— Azure, 255

—— Bay-breasted, 358

—— Black-and-yellow, 260

—— Blue-green, 258

—— Blue Yellow-backed, 78

—— Blue-winged Yellow, 102

—— Carbonated, 308

—— Chestnut-sided, 306

—— Children's, 180

—— Kentucky, 196

—— Nashville, 450

—— Prairie, 76

—— Prothonotary, 22

—— Rathbone, 333

—— Vigors's, 153

—— Yellow-pole, 476

—— Yellow-breasted, 121

—— Yellow-throated, 434

—— Worm-eating, 177

Washington, Bird of, 58

Weak Fish, 421

White-bellied Swallow, 490

White-eyed Fly-catcher, 328

White-headed Eagle, 160

White-tailed Eagle, 64

White Oak, 261

White Pine, 201

White-throated Sparrow, 42

Whip-poor-will, 422

Wild Turkey, 1, 33

Wilson, Mr Alexander, 438

Winter Hawk, 364

Woodpecker, Ivory-billed, 341

—— Golden-winged, 191

Woodpecker, Red-headed, 141

Wood Thrush, 372

Worm-eating Warbler, 177

Worm-grass, 361

Wren, Great Carolina, 399

—— Bewick's, 96

—— House, 427

—— Marsh, 500


Xanthium Strumarium, 140


Yellow-billed Cuckoo, 18

Yellow-breasted Warbler, 121

Yellow-throat, Maryland, 121

Yellow-throat, Roscoe's, 124

Yellow-throated Warbler, 434


Zea Mays, 41


NEILL & CO. PRINTERS,
Old Fishmarket, Edinburgh.





UNDER THE SPECIAL PATRONAGE
OF
Her Most Excellent Majesty,
QUEEN ADELAIDE.


THE
BIRDS OF AMERICA,
ENGRAVED FROM
DRAWINGS
MADE IN
THE UNITED STATES AND THEIR TERRITORIES.

BY JOHN JAMES AUDUBON,
F. R. SS. L. & E.

FELLOW OF THE LINNEAN AND ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETIES OF LONDON; MEMBER OF
THE LYCEUM OF NEW YORK, THE NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY OF PARIS, THE
WERNERIAN NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY OF EDINBURGH; HONORARY MEMBER OF
THE SCOTTISH ACADEMY OF PAINTING, SCULPTURE AND ARCHITECTURE, &C.


PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHOR,
AND TO BE SEEN AT
MR R. HAVELL'S JUN. THE ENGRAVER,
77. OXFORD STREET, LONDON.
MDCCCXXXI.




NEILL & CO. PRINTERS,
Old Fishmarket, Edinburgh.




PROSPECTUS.


To those who have not seen any portion of the Author's Collection of
Original Drawings, it may be proper to state, that their superiority
consists in the accuracy as to proportion and outline, and the variety
and truth of the attitudes and positions of the figures, resulting from
peculiar means discovered and employed by the Author, and his attentive
examination of the objects portrayed, during a long series of years.
The Author has not contented himself, as others have done, with single
profile views, but in very many instances has grouped his figures,
so as to represent the originals at their natural avocations, and has
placed them on branches of trees, decorated with foliage, blossoms and
fruits, or amidst plants of numerous species. Some are seen pursuing
their prey through the air, searching for food amongst the leaves and
herbage, sitting on their nests, or feeding their young; whilst others,
of a different nature, swim, wade, or glide in or over their allotted
element. The Insects, Reptiles and Fishes, that form the food of these
birds, have now and then been introduced into the drawings. In every
instance where a difference of plumage exists between the sexes, both the
Male and the Female have been represented; and the extraordinary changes
which some species undergo, in their progress from youth to maturity,
have been depicted. The Plants are all copied from Nature; and as many
of the originals are remarkable for their beauty, their usefulness, or
their rarity, the Botanist cannot fail to look upon them with delight.

The particulars of the Plan of the Work may be reduced to the following
heads:—

1. The size of the work is Double Elephant Folio, the paper
being of the finest quality.

2. The engravings are, in every instance, of the exact
dimensions of the drawings, which, without any exception,
represent the birds and other objects of their natural size.

3. The Plates are coloured in the most careful manner, from
the original drawings.

4. The work appears in Numbers, of which five are published
annually, each Number consisting of five Plates.

5. The price of each number is Two Guineas, payable on delivery.

Persons desirous of becoming Subscribers, are requested to apply to

MR AUDUBON,

Or to Mr R. HAVELL junior, Engraver and Publisher, 77. Oxford Street,
London, with whom specimens of the work may be seen, or to any of the
following agents:—

Messrs TREUTTEL, WURTZ and Co., Soho Square, London.
Messrs ROBINSON, Liverpool.
Mr T. SOWLER, Manchester.
Mr E. CHARNLEY, Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
Messrs POOL and BOOTH, Chester.
Messrs BEILBY, KNOTT and BEILBY, Birmingham; and
Mr ADAM BLACK, North Bridge, Edinburgh.

The First Volume, consisting of One Hundred Plates, representing
Ninety-nine species of Birds, of many of which there are several Figures,
is now published. It is expected that other Three Volumes, of equal
size, will complete the work.




CONTENTS
OF
VOL. I. OF THE BIRDS OF AMERICA.


_Plates published in 1827._

1. The Wild Turkey. Male, Meleagris Gallopavo. _Linn._
2. Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Coccyzus americanus. _Bonap._
3. Prothonotary Warbler, Sylvia Protonotarius. _Lath._
4. Purple Finch, Fringilla purpurea. _Gmel._



Online LibraryJohn James AudubonOrnithological Biography, Volume 1 (of 5) → online text (page 48 of 50)