John James Baddeley.

The aldermen of Cripplegate Ward from A.D. 1276 to A.D. 1900, together with some account of the office of Alderman, Alderman's Deputy, and Common Councilman of the City of London online

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Online LibraryJohn James BaddeleyThe aldermen of Cripplegate Ward from A.D. 1276 to A.D. 1900, together with some account of the office of Alderman, Alderman's Deputy, and Common Councilman of the City of London → online text (page 6 of 26)
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(1) Repertory 1 -j. fo. 224. (2) Metcalfe, p. 134.

(3) Journal /g. fo. 239b. (4) Remembrancia. p. 205.

E



52 The Aldermen of Cripplegate Ward.

altered, if the Feast had been holden publicly, it must have been either
with offence to the laws and orders in force, in respect of diet, or with
great dishonour to the State, for lack of seemly provision. He intended
to invite them on some more convenient day. It had not been usual to
obtain permission of Her Majesty or the Council to omit the Feast." 1

Braunche petitioned to be discharged from his Aldermanry, which
the Court of Aldermen granted 20 October, 1586.

The entry in the Repertory ~ is as follows : —

"Thursday 20th October. [28 Elizabeth.]

" Item this daye Sr. John Braunche, Knighte, Alderman of this
Cyttye came psonallye into this Courte and made his earnest suite that
in respect of his age, weakenes, and other infirmityes of bodye whereby
he is unable to supplye the place of an Aldreman declaringe hymselfe
bownd in conscience to yelde up his place. That yt wolde please thys
Courte to accepte and allowe of hys surrender and gyvynge over the
roome and place of Alderman of ye Warde of Creplegate whereof he is
nowe Alderman, and of the roome and place of Alderman within this
Cyttie for ever, of whyche request this Courte after due consideracon
had, did very well allowe and accepte of; And thereupon have ordered
that the righte honorable the Lorde Maior shall forthwith precede .to
the eleccon of an Alderman of the same Warde of Creplegate in the
place of the said Sr. John Braunche."

In Metcalfe's Book of Knights we read that " S r John Braunche,
Maior of London, was dubbed knight at Westm. on Shrove Sonday
the fifte day of February 1580 " (old style).

He resided in Nicholas Lane, and was son of John Braunche,
draper, of London, and grandson of John Braunche, of Laynham,
Suffolk. 3 He died 24 July, 1588, aged seventy-three, and was buried
in S. Mary Abchurch, 4 where a monument was erected to his memory.

Note. — An interesting account of an assault made upon Braunche, by Sir Thomas
Lodge, Alderman of Cheap Ward, will be found in the chapter devoted to an account
of the punishments for insulting aldermen.



(1) Remembrancia. p. 206. (3) Herbert. Vol. I, p. 437.

(2) Repertory 21. fo. 345b. (4) Catalogue of Tombs, p. 14.



The Aide 1-men of Cripp legate Ward. 53

WILLIAM ELKYN. Mercer.

Elected 28 October, 1586. 1

Sheriff 1586.

Removed to Dowgate Ward 28 March, 1588. 2

By his Will, dated 22 August, 1592, 3 he gave to the Mercers'
Company a bason and ewer, parcel gilt, with his arms on it, weighing
83 oz., and a little gilt standing cup weighing 15 oz. He was Warden
of the Company in 1582, Master in 1586 and 1592. By his Will he
also gave ^100 to the Company to be lent to two young freemen, the
interest to be paid to the poor almsmen of the College founded by
Sir Richard Whittington, besides bequeathing ,£800 to Christ's
Hospital for charitable purposes, and ^60 to the Universities of
Oxford and Cambridge.

His widow married Thomas Owen, Justice of the Court of Common
Pleas.

He died 31 October, 1593, in his seventieth year, and was buried

in St. Michael's, Queenhithe.



JOHN CATCHER. Pewterer.

Elected 1 April, 1588/

Sheriff 1587.

He was elected Sheriff 26 July, 1587, and served the office with
Thomas Skinner, Lord Mayor, 1596.

In 1596 he appears to have been in financial difficulties, which
necessitated his discharge from the Aldermanry.

On the 24 June, 1596, the Court of Aldermen appointed a
Committee to confer with him touching his place of Alderman, and
report their opinions. In the meantime he seems to have presented
a petition to the Court setting forth his financial diffculties, and on
23 July, as appears by the following extract, he was discharged: —

" Item This daie M r Ketcher . Aldran of the Ward of Creple-
gate for sondry respects to this Co r te well known And likewise

(I) Repertory 2t. f<>. 353. (2) Id. fo. 540. (3) Watney. p. 200.

(4) Repertory 21. fo. 541.

E 2



54 The Aldermen of Cripp legate Ward.

at his own earnest [request] made to this Co^te did surrender and
yeld upp to this Co r te his said roome and place of an Alderman
w th in this Citty, of w ch surrender this Co r te did accepte. And
thereupp yt is ordred y' y e lord Maior shall forthw'.' 1 procead to the
nomynacon of an Alderman in the said warde of Creplegate in the
place of the said M' Ketcher." 1

On 27 July his successor, Thomas Skinner, was translated from
Bishopsgate to Cripplegate Ward.

His petition, which was referred to a Committee for consideration,
is not set out in the Repertory, but from the Committee's Report pre-
sented to the Court on the 9 August, 2 the following particulars are
obtained : — " Whereas Mr. ' Katcher ' in his petition declares the losses
and inconvenyence to have happened unto him by undertaking the
office of Shrievalty, by w cb namely he obiecteth the losse of his trade,
a losse happened unto him by reason of an escape oute of Newgate
and charges growing hereby a fyne assessed uppon him in the Starr
Chamber and xxx weekes imprisonm' for the same. As also the
ordinary exp'ture of that place in that year of 88 fell hevily and
extraordinarily uppon him to the increase of his losse," he also
stated that a loan of ^300 had formerly been promised him and had
not been granted.

In consideration of his allegations the Committee now recom-
mended the said loan should be granted to him, and also a lease of
the " Stockes " for thirty years. The Court readily agreed to the
Report, and referred the same to the City Lands Committee for
performance accordingly.

He lived in Lothbury, in the house that had formerly belonged to
the Abbots of St. Albans.

He died in 1602, and was buried in the Church of St. Peter
le Poer.



(1) Repertory 23. fos. 548, 561b. (2) Id. fos. 563b, 566.



The Aldermen of Cripp legate Ward. 55

THOMAS SKINNER. Clothworker.

Elected 27 July. 1596. 1
Sheriff 1587. Lord Mayor 1596.

He was son of John Skinner, of Saffron Waldron, and married
Blanche, daughter of William Watson, merchant to Queen Elizabeth.

He was Sheriff, conjointly with John Catcher, and succeeded him
in the Aldermanry of Cripplegate on the latter being discharged.
He removed from Bishopsgate, where he had been elected 28 Sep-
tember, 1 5 8 7 . 2

Master of the Clothworkers' Company, 1584.

Shortly after the month of November, 1588, Alderman Skinner was
detained in custody for disobedience to an Order of the Queen in
Council, and was suspected to be one of those that upon retirement out
of the City, or some other cause, refused to contribute what was allotted
him towards Her Majesty's Loan from the City.

The Queen (Elizabeth) interfered with the ordinary course of elec-
tion of Lord Mayor as will be seen by a "Letter (dated 1st Sept., 1596)
from the Aldermen to Mr. Alderman Skinner informing him of her
Majesty's desire that Mr. Alderman Billingsley should not be elected to
the office of Lord Mayor for the following year, and requesting him to re-
pair to London not later than the 7th or 9th of September to confer with
them touching his election to that office," which he accordingly did, and
was elected Lord Mayor, but died on the 30 December of the same year.
The following is a verbatim copy of this quaint letter 3 : —

It is not vnknowen vnto yo u what message hath been delivered vnto us from y e
Q. Ma tie toutching y c omission of M 1 Alderman Billingsley not to bee elected to y c
place of Maio r for this year following and what paines wee have taken to prevent the
same as a thing inconvenient and very preiudiciall not only to yo r self but to this whole
Cytie Whearin having vsed all our best means for hir highnes satisfaction & the
reteyning of o r auncient coustoom in electing of him who is next in succession aswell
by soom other of the LL: of y e Counsell as by the speciall and earnest solicitacon of
y* right honourable the L: High Treasurer who having moved hir highnes at divers
times & specially of late \v Ul the assistance of our very good L: the L: Keeper of the
great Seal in very honourable and earnest manner and fynding hir Mat" to be fully
resolved to hould on hir pourpose for his pretermission anil greatly offended that shee
should bee farther importuned hearabout as his Lp. now lately hath signified vnto vs
wee thought very meet to acquaint yo w hearwithall to whom yt matter doth specially
concern beeing y c next w th out all contradiction to supply that place whearin as wee
hope yo"' will take in good part O r Brotherly care & earnest endevour to have satisfied
hir highnes (if it might have been) and lo prevent this bourden that in due order & of
very necessitie is to light vpon yo w , soe wee dought not but yo" wilbee carefull to
prepare yo r self to bee well fournished of all such necessaries as y c place requireth to
y c contentment of y c Q. Ma tic & hir honourable Counsell, yo r own credit & y c hono'

(i) Repertory 2j. fo. 562. (2) Repertory 21. fo. 471b.

(3) Retnembrancia II. 165.



56 The Aldermen of Cripplegate Ward.

of this Cytie for w ch cause wee ar very earnestlie to intreat yo w to repaier hither with
all convenient speed that yo w maie bee hear with vs by y c 7 th daie or 9 th at the farthest
of this moneth of September that wee maie conferr & deliberate w th yo w toutching y c
proceeding in this your election. And hearof wee intreat yo w by no means to faile,
from London the first of Sept. 1596.

Vo r loving bretheren & assured good friends
To o r very loving friend and Brother etc.
M r Alderman Skynner.

During Skinner's year of office the City was threatened with a famine.
The citizens generally were in a poverty-stricken state, so much so that
many who had been well off had to considerably reduce their expendi-
ture, whilst others had to relinquish their trades and break up their
households; and although wheat was offered at a very moderate price,
many were too poor to purchase any.

At this time the Queen applied to the City to provide ten ships
for the public service, a war with Spain in the Netherlands being
then proceeding. Earlier in the year the Queen had made demands
upon the Londoners for soldiers to assist her to reinforce the town
of Flushing, which as usual had been complied with, but the demand
for ships at the close of the year had to be refused. The City's reply
to the Queen's Council set forth the utter inability of the citizens,
how r ever willing they might be, to supply more ships. "They had
already expended on sea service alone, and irrespective of their dis-
bursements in 1588 [Armada year] no less a sum than 100,000 marks
within the last few years, so that the Lords of the Council would see
that the citizens had not been wanting in good will and affection
towards that service." The City was in debt to the extent of ,£14,000,
and so were quite unable to assist the Queen.

He left by Will to the Clothw r orkers' Company the sum of ^20 for
a dinner after attending his funeral, and to the several Hospitals in and
about London -£120 to be equally divided among them. He was also
a liberal benefactor to Emmanuel College, Cambridge.

Stow says that he was buried in the Church of St. Mary Magdalen,
Milk Street, and that a handsome monument erected to his memory bore
the following inscription : — " Here lieth y e Corpes of Thomas Skynner
late Citizen & Alderman of Londo, borne at Saffron Walden in Essex
who in the 65 yeare of his age & on the 30 day of Decebr A Dm 1596
being then Lo Mayor of this Citye deptd this Life leaving behinde him
3 Sonnes & 3 daughters."

Two of his sons, John and Thomas, were knighted on the corona-
tion of James I, at Whitehall, 23 July, 1603. '

(1) Metcalfe, p. 147.



The Aldermen of Cripp legate I Vara*. 57

ROBERT HAMPSON. Merchant -Taylor.

Elected 10 February, 1597. 1

Sheriff 1598,

Removed to Dowgate Ward 19 June, 1602. 2

Knighted by James I at Whitehall, 26 July, 1603. 3 Warden of the
Merchant Taylors' Company, 1588, and again in 1594.

Elected Treasurer of St. Bartholomew's Hospital 20 September,
1596, resigning his orifice upon becoming Alderman. In the year
1607 the Hospital received a legacy of ^20 under his Will.

He was one of eight prominent Merchant Taylors who at a
meeting of citizens, 22 September, 1599, held at Founders' Hall, under
the presidency of the Lord Mayor (Sir Stephen Soame), supported the
project of establishing a company to trade with the East Indies —
himself subscribing ,£300 — the full title of the company being The
Governors and Company of Merchants Trading with the East Indies,
afterwards generally known as the East India Company. 4

In the Memorials of the Merchant Taylors' Company, p. 539, there
is the following quaint entry in connection with Robert Hampson's
election as Sheriff: — "Mr. Robert Hampson, a wor? 11 member of the
Societie, doth presently supply the roome of one of the Sheriffs of this
Cytty for the present year, by a note lately received from the Yeldhall,
under the hand of one of my Lord Mayor's clerks. The Merchantailors
Company are to provide for the Lord Mayor's feaste, as follovveth viz : —
Sixteene psons to sitt at Mr Sheriff's table, viz: the third table. Six
nsons to welcome guests. Two to attend the kitchen. Tenn of the
comliest young men of the yeomanry to attend the lo:dresser for
carrying of meate and lynnen and plate to the Judges. Remember
to gyve knowledge to the tenn wayters that there is noe breakfast
pvided for them at the feaste."

lie died 2 May, 1607, aged sixty-nine, and was buried in the
( Ihurch of St. Mary-at-Hill. He was the ancestor of the Hampsons
of Buckinghamshire.

(1) Repertory 24. fo. 31. (2) Repertory 25. fo. 410b.

(3) .Metcalfe, p. 151.
(4) History o f the Merchant Taylors' Company. Part I, p. 255.



58 The Aldermen of Cripplegate Ward.

JOHN SWYNNERTON. Merchant-Taylor.

Elected 22 June, 1602. 1

Sheriff 1602. Lord Mayor 1612.

Son of John Swynnerton, of Oswestry, Salop, and was born about
1566; he travelled in Spain in his youth, and was Farmer of the impost
on wines, on or before 1594, a post from which he acquired vast
profits; was M.P. for Petersfield, 1601, and for East Grinstead,
1604-n.

Knighted at Whitehall, 26 July, 1603. 2

He resided in the same house (in Aldermanbury) in which Sir
William Estfield (Mayor 1429 and 1437) lived and -died.

When Master of the Merchant Taylors' Company, he entertained
James I and his Queen, at a cost to the Company of ^,1,061 $s. id.
It was for this entertainment, that Dr. John Bull (Music Lecturer of
Gresham College) wrote the National Anthem (God save the King),
July 16, 1607.

The pageant, entitled "Troia Nova Triumphans," written by
Thomas Dekker, was performed on his accession to office as Mayor,
on which occasion he entertained the Count Palatine, afterwards hus-
band of the Princess Elizabeth, daughter of James I, and presented
him, in the name of the City, with a bason and ewer, gilt, weighing
234 ozs. 3 grs. ; and a pair of "dansk Potts, chased and cheseld,"
weighing 513^ ozs. ^ gr., "having the armes of the City and the wordes
Civitas London engraved thereon in divers places.

The pageant performed at the opening of the New River during
his Mayoralty was written by Thomas Middleton, the well-known
dramatist, and referred to the great work then just completed, the
New River, or as it was called, " The Running Streame, from Amwell
Head into the Cisterne neere Islington." A namesake of the dramatist
succeeded Swynnerton as Lord Mayor.

He was Master of the Merchant Taylors' Company, 1606,
and was one of the founders of the East India Company, subscribing
for that purpose ,£300 at the meeting held at Founders' Hall,
22 September, 1599.

(1) Repertory 25. fo. 411. (2) Metcalfe, p. 151.



The Aldermen of Cripp legate Ward. 59

On the trained bands being divided into four regiments in 1616,
Sir John Swinnerton was given the command of one.

In his Will he is described as of Stanway Hall, Essex, which he
devised to his eldest son.

He left a rent charge of 2s. \\d. arising out of an estate near
Colchester to the parish of S. Alphage, Cripplegate, to be distributed to
the poor in bread every Sabbath day.

Died 8 December, 16 16, and was buried in the church of St. Mary,
Aldermanbury.

WILLIAM HOLLIDAY. Mercer.

Elected 19 February, 1617. 1

Sheriff 1617.

He was one of the Committee of the East India Company 1615,
1618, 1619, and Governor 1620 till his death, 14 March, 1624, aged
fifty-eight years.

He was nephew of Sir Leonard Holliday, Mayor 1605, and built
Corsham House, Wiltshire, and endowed an Alms House there.

Warden of the Mercers' Company in 1606, and Master 161 7,
and again in 1624.

By his Will, dated 16 December, 1623, he gave ,£200 to the
Company to be lent, free of interest, to two young freemen. He also
gave to the Company ,£50 to provide a funeral dinner. From the
second Warden's accounts for the year 1623-4, it appears that a dinner
was provided at the Hall on the 18 March, 1623, costing ^27 8s. 3</.,
and that with the remainder of the ^50 were purchased three nests of
wine bowls, which were sold in 1642.'

He was buried in S. Lawrence Jewry. 3



JOHN HUDSON. 4 Upholder.

Elected 6 April, 1624/
Discharged 8 April upon the payment of a fine of ^500.

(1) Repertory 33. fo. 60. (2 and 3) Watney. p. 207.

(4) His name was thus spelt in the entry of his election, but is afterwards found
in the Repertory as "Hodgson."

(5) Repertory 3S. fo. 95b.



60 The Aldermen of Cripplegate Ward.

THOMAS OVERMAN. Leatherseller.

Elected 13 April, 1624.

Discharged upon the payment of a fine of £700.

The following is the report of the Lord Mayor as to the election
and the petition of Overman (on the same day) for " discharge."
"Court of Aldermen. Tuesday 13 April, 1624.

"Item this daie the right honorable the Lord Maior made report
unto this Court, that his Lordshipp sittinge this daie in the Ward of
Cripplegate for the noiacon of an Aid ran in place of John Hodgson
Esqre late sworne Aldran of that Warde. The Inhabitants thereof
did nomiate Thomas Overman, Leatherseller, *Marke Snellinge,
Woodmonger, *Henrye Pratt, Merchantaylor, and *Morris Abbutt,
drap. Of which noiacon this Court did accept and allowe. And
this Court pceeding to eleccon by scrutenye according to antient
Custome, the said Thomas Overman was by this Courte, elected
Aldran of the said Warde of Cripplegate, and being sent for was
here sworne for the due execucon of the same place. And also
tooke the Oath of supermacie and oth of Alleagiance. And after-
wardes at the humble request of the said Thomas Overman, and for
certaine reasons this Court thereunto moveinge, It is ordered by this
Court that the said Thomas Overman shalbe discharged and this
Court doth discharge him of the said place of Aldran of the said
Warde of Cripplegate, and of all other wardes within this Cittie for
ever hereafter. And doe promise upon his peticon to move the Comon
Councell to discharge him also from the Office of Sherivaltye of this
Cittie of London and Countie of Midd. for ever hearafter. And the said
Thomas Overman did here in open Court Condesend to seale one
obligacon for payement of ,£700 in manner followinge, (That is to say)
one hundred poundes in hand and the rest by CC/ a yere yeerely, untill
the whole some bee fullye paid, And it is Ordered by this Court, that
the Lord Maior maye pceed for the noiacon of an other Aldran in place
of the said Thomas Overman." 1

In the Minute Books of the Leathersellers' Company, under date
11 June, 1624, the following entry appears: — "Mr. Thomas Overman
late Alderman of this City was chosen to be Master."

* Each of these men were afterwards elected aldermen of other wards. Abbutt
was knighted in 1625, Alderman of Bridge Without Ward 1626 to 163 1, and of
Coleman Street Ward, 1636, until his death in 1643. Sheriff, 1637, Lord Mayor, 1638.

(1) Repertory 38. fo. 1 04.



The Aldermen of Cripplegate Ward.



61




(From a painting in Ironmongers Hall.)

ROWLAND HEYLIN. Ironmonger.

Elected 20 April, 1624.'

Sheriff 1624.

He was born in 1562, and was a descendant of an ancient family at
Pentreheylyn, of Llandysilio, co. Montgomeryshire, whose members were
hereditary cupbearers (as the name signifies) to the Princes of Powys. 2

He was allowed to resign his office 2 March, 1632.

Munday (in his 1633 edition of Stow) writes: "Alderman Heylin
charitably and nobly at his own cost, at the beginning of King Charles
reign, caused the Welsh Bible to be printed in a more portable bulk,
being previously only printed in a large volume for the use of churches.
He also caused the book, called the Practice of Piety, to be printed in
Welsh, for the use of the Welsh people, and a Welsh or British Dictionary
to be made and published for the help of those that were minded to
understand that ancient language."

He was a great benefactor to the town of Shrewsbury.

Master of the Ironmongers' Company in 1614, and again in 1625.''
He resided in the Parish of St. Alban, Wood Street.



(1) Repertory 38. fo. 109b. (2) Diet. Nat. Biography. Vol. 26, p. 323.
(3) History of the Ironmongers' Company, p. 560.



62 The Aldermen of Cripp legate Ward.

On his election as Sheriff, his Company presented him with a sum
of money "towards the trimming of his house, and the loane of such
plate as he may want."

"By his Will, bearing date 5 September, 1629, he bequeathed to the
Ironmongers' Company ,£300, ,£100 thereof to be laid out in some
land or tenement, and the profits to be bestowed yearly on a dinner for
so many of the brethren of the Company as should come to the sermon
which is usually made on the 5 of November in thankful remem-
brance of that great deliverance from that hellish device and powder
plot of the Papists, the other ^200 to remain on stock to be lent
out freely to four young men of the Company, to each man ^50 for
four years, they giving good security to the Master and Wardens for
repayment at the end of the four years, and so to remain. He also
gave to the Company, for a dinner or otherwise, as they should see
good, ,£20.'" He died in 1637.



SAMUEL CRANMER. Brewer.

Elected 13 March, 1632. 2

Sheriff 1631.

He was born at Alcester, co. Warwick, 1575, and was the last male
heir of the eldest of Archbishop Cranmer's sons. A great London
brewer. His daughter married Sir Anthony Chester, Bart., and his
son, Caesar Cranmer, was knighted by Charles II.

The following is an extract from his Will, dated 5 September, 1640.

" In the name of God. I Samuell Cranmer, Cittizen and Alderman
of London, weake in bodie but stronge of faithe " . . . " My bodie I
committ to the earth whereof it is made to be buried in the parishe
church of Astwood Burie in the Countie of Bucks, in such decent and
Christianlike manner as unto my loving wife shalbe thought fitt."

" Item I give to the poore of the parishe of Alcester in the Countie
of Warwick wherein I was borne the sum of ,£10."

He was Master of the Brewers' Company, 1631.

Died 5 October, 1640, and was buried at Astwood, as directed by
his Will.

(I) History of the Ironmongers' Company, p. 560. (2) Repertory 46. fo. 133b.



The Aldermen of Cripplegate Ward. 63

JOHN TOWSE. Grocer.

Elected 10 November, 1640. 1
Sheriff 1640.
He died at Hampstead, 28 May, 1645/ and was buried at
St. Mary Cole Abbey.

SAMUEL AVERY. Merchant -Taylor.

Elected 17 June, 1645. 3

Sheriff 1647.

Samuel Avery was third son of Dudley Avery, of Streatley, co.
Berks. 4

Removed to Bassishaw Ward 16 September, 1647/' Discharged
15 September, 1653. In 1645 he was elected Assistant and Master of
the Merchant-Taylors' Company on the same day. An interesting entry
in the Memorials of the Merchant-Taylors' Company (p. 556) runs as
follows : —

" It is ordered and desired that Alderman Avery (and others) doe
meet together at such times as they shall think fitt, and consider of some
way to discharge the great and growing debts of the Company, either by
petition to the Parliament to pay the great sums of money owing by the
State or as they may advise, or by any other course or remedy which
they consider best to be pursued for the good of the Company."

He was one of the four Members for the City, 1654. Governor of
the Company of Merchant Adventurers, 1654. Treasurer of Sequestra-
tions, 1643.

His nephew, William Avery, was Town Clerk, 1666-71, and died
9 February, 1672. Smyth, in his Obituary, says "buried privately,"
i.e., without the public display that was so customary at the time.



Online LibraryJohn James BaddeleyThe aldermen of Cripplegate Ward from A.D. 1276 to A.D. 1900, together with some account of the office of Alderman, Alderman's Deputy, and Common Councilman of the City of London → online text (page 6 of 26)