* Includes mail messenger and special office service,
t See page 25
Of the whole number of post-offices at the close of the fiscal year, June 30, 1893, 3,360 were Presi-
dential offices and 65,043 were fourth- class offices.
The approximate number of letters and postal cards transmitted annually in the mails of European
countries is as follows: Great Britain and Ireland, 1,500.000,000; Germany, 1.200.000,000; France,
700,000,000; Austria-Hungary, 600,000,000; Italy. 250,000,000; Russia, 200.000.000; Belgium,
130,000,000; Spain, 120,000,000; Switzerland, 110,000,000; Netherlands, 100,000,000; Sweden,
The number of pieces of postal matter of all kinds which pass through the mails of the United
States annually is about 3,800,000,000. The annual aggregate number of letters transmitted through
the post-offices of the world may be estimated at 8,000,000,000, and of newspapers, 5,000,000,000.
Jlnspectton of .Steam ^mntin.
The Supervising Inspector- General of the Steamboat Inspection Service, _ James A. Dumont,
year, 497; increase in number of domestic steam vessels inspected, 169.
vessels inspected, 281; theirnet tonnage, 557,262.23.
Foreign passenger steam
NUMBER OF STEAMBOAT ACCIDENTS IN THE UNITED STATES DURING THE FISCAL.
YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1895, RESULTING IN LOSS OF LIFE. I
Breaking of steam-pipes and mud-drums, or accidental escape of steam
Snacs. wrecks and sinkinar
* 183 of these were lost on the steamship * * Colima^' ' foundered on the Pacific Coast May 27, 1895,
or 46 per cent of tlie whole loss of the year.
t Several of these were undoubtedly suicides.
% Increase over previous year, 139.
Of the number of lives lost as above reported, 148 were passengers and 246 were officers or persons
enaployed on the steamers.
It is estimated that between 600,000,000 and 700,000,000 passengers were carried on steam
vessels during the fiscal year.
144 Receipts and JSxpenditures of 11. S. Government.
i^ectiptjs antr IBxprntritttr^s of 31. <S. <Sfot)ernment,i863=:95,
o,, J^**."V^'"''';*'P'*''f*^l^'"'^<^J^t!it<;s from the beginning of the Government, 1789, to Ks'J5 have been : From cu-stoms, *7,415,-
871,509; internal revenue, $4,-16,760,904; direct tax, $-28,131,994; public land.s, $289,7-26,591; miscellaneous, $763,202,lii9: tot.il, ex-
cludmg loans, $13,'223,944,756. 7 t > 7 7 >
The total expenditures of the United States from the beginning of the Government, 1789, to 1895 have been: For civil and mis-
cellaneou-s, $-2,767,569 -284; war, $4,980,773,-259; navy, $1,-327,407,789; Indian.s, $309,200,401: pensions, $1,950,403,063; interest,
$2,791,537,714; total, $14,126,891,510. * Expenditures in excess of revenue.
Principal of the Public Debt.
PuiJiic 'Bt^^t of tfte sainitctr <^taUs«
Funded loan of 1891 $25,364,500.00
Funded loan of 1907 559,630,700.00
Refunding certificates 50.960. OC
Loan of 1904 100,000,000.00
Loan of 1925 62,315,400.00
Aggregate of interest-bearing debt,
exclusive of United States bonds
issued to Pacific railroads, as stated
Debt on which Interest has Ceased since
Aggregate debt on whicli interest has
ceased since maturity $1,681,670. 2ti
Debt Beaeing no Interest.
United States notes $346,681,016. 00
Old demand notes 54,847.50
National bank notes :
Redemption account 23,706,619.00
Less $8,375,934 estimated as lost or
destroyed, act of June 21, 1879 6,893.394.14
Aggregate of debt bearing no interest. $377,335,876. 64
Certificates and Notes Issued on Deposits
OF Coin and Legal-tendee Notes and
Purchases of Silver Bullion.
Gold certificates $50,585,889.00
Silver certificates 342,409,504 . 00
Certificates of deposit 57 ,015,000 . 00
Treasury notes of 1890 141,092,280.00
Aggregate of certificates and Treasury
notes, oflset by cash in the Treasu :y. $591,102,673. 00
OF NOVEMBER 1. 1895.
Classification of Debt November 1, 1895.
Interest- bearing debt $747,361,560.00
Debt on which interest has ceased
since maturity 1,681,670.26
Debt bearing no interest 377,335,876.64
Aggregate of interestand non- interest
bearing debt 1,126,379,106.90
Certificates and Treasury notes offset
by an equal amount of cash in the
Aggregate of debt, including certifi-
cates and Treasury notes 1,717,-181,779.90
Cash in the Treasury.
Gold certificates $50,585,889.00
Silver certificates 342,409,504.00
Certificates of deposit,
act June 8, 1872 57,015,000.00
Treasury notes of 1890.. . . 141,092,280.00
Fund for redemption of
bank notes $8,250,722 . 82
Outstanding checks and
Disbursing officers' bal-
Agency accounts, etc. . . 3,822,601.39
Cash balance in the Treasury, October
31,1895 $179,947,998.93 •
Jlrincipal of tijr JltiiJlic BriJt,
statement of outstanding Principal of the Public Belt of the United States o?i January 1 of each Year from
1791 to 1842, inclusive; on July 1 of each Year from 1843 to 1886, inclusive; on December 1 of each Year
from 1887 to 1892, inclusive, and 'on JVovember 1, 1893, 1894, and 1895.
The ' ' carpet-bag ' ' debts of the Southern States, luuler which some of thom are still suffering,
were created during the reconstruction period, when the South was at the mercy of adventurers from
the Isorth and the ranks of the negro population.supported and protected bv the Federal Government
of the Southern States contracted from 1861 to 1865 were repudiated by the enforcement of the XI Vth
Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, so that the indebtedness above shown was due
almost wholly to ' ' carpet-bag ' ' financiering.
Assessed Valuation of Meal and Personal Property. 147