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thi y are very jealous of their women, love drinking, look

like favages, but yet arc very civil and obliging to

Grangers ; their houfes are only fmall cottages, and

but a few of them togeth-jr: they eat the fat and oil

of whales, all forts of fidi and hcrbs^ and rofe-buds

are



^he Hiftory of Navigation. 489

are their greatefl dainty. Their clothes are fome of
lilk and fome of the duns of beads. They ufe bows
and arrows to kill wild beads, and they fpin hemp.
They trade with the japonefcs, whom they furnifli with
train-oil, whales tongues fmoakcd, furs, fevcral forts
of feathers, for which they receive rice, fugar, filk, and
other coarfer garments, copper-pipes, tobacco-boxes,
and varniflied diflics and vcirds for their meat and
drink, pendants for their ears, copper ear-rings, hatchets,
knives, Szc. The capital of the country is fmall, they
call it Matfmay, v»here the prince or governor of the
country refides, who every year goes over to pay his
refpedls to the emperor of Japan, and carry him pre-
fents. This is what the dutch difcovcred, but a Japo-
nefe told them this land of Efo or Yedfo, was an ifland.
Thevenot, tom. i.

Anno 169I-. On the fourteenth of January captaii^
Dampier, in his majefty's fhip the Roe-Buck, failed
from the Downs upon a new difcovery, touched at
the Canaries and ifles of Cabo Verde, and the twenty-
fifth of march came to an anchor in Bakia de Todo5
Santos, or the Bay of all Saints in Brafil. April the
third he left this place, and the twenty third of april
faw the land about the cape of Good Hope. Auguft
the firft having run from Brafil a hundred and fourteen
degrees, he made in to the Ihore of New-Holland in
26 degrees fouth latitude, thinking to put into fome
harbour; but finding rocks and foul ground, flood out
to fca again till auguft the fixth, when he came to an
anchor in 25 degrees at an opening, which he called
Sharks Bay, where he could get no freih water, but
plenty of wood, and refreflicd the men with racoons,
tortoifes, fliarks, and other fiih, and fome forts of fowl.
He founded moft of this bay, and on the fourteenth
failed out of it, coafting as the weather would permit
to the north-ward, and then to the north-eaft, as the
coaft runs, where in 20 degrees 21 minutes he found
feveral iflands, and going afliore on fome of them could
get no frefh water, nor fee any inhabitants ; fo he con-
tinued along the Ihore as near as could be with fafety,
;ill on the thirtieth he anchored in eight fathom water,

where



where he faw fome of the natives, but could not X^^^fl
any. Looking for water none was found, and diggin*^
pits they got fome that was brackifli and not fit to
drink. Findinjr no water or other refrcfhment on this
coaPi, in the beginning of feptemher he flood over for
the ifland Timor, where he took in frefli water, and on
the third of dccember arrived on the coal!: of New-
Guinea, and had fome commerce with the inhabitants
of an iHand called Pulo Sabuti. Then pafllng to the
northward, and to the eafbern^.oll: part of Neu-Guinc.i,
he fo'jnd it did not join to the main land of New-Gui-
nea, but was an illand which he called New -Britain.
Having difcovcred thus far, and being unprovided to
proceed, he returned by Timor and Java, {o to the cape
of Good Hope, and ifland of S. Helena. At the ifland
of the Afcenfion his ll^ip foundered, but the men were
faved, and returned to England aboard the eaif-india
fhip called the Canterbury. Dampicr's voyage to New-
Holland, being his third volume.

The voyages round the world, which, for fo mmy
thoufand years as pafi: from the creation till the difco-
very of the Wcft-lndies, could never fo much as enter
into the thoughts of man, and which after they were
performed gave jufl fubjed: of admiration, do well
dcferve to be mentioned apart frorh all others, as
being the boldert: adion that could be undertaken, and
to be performed but one way, though feveral attempts
have been made to fmd out others, as has been fl^owed
in the fruitlefs voyages for difcovery of the north-caft
and north-wed palfages : for this reafon they have been
referved for this place, where fom.ething fliall be faid
of all hitherto performed, but more paiticularly of the
\\\W, as the moll: glorious and honourable, becaufe i^
fliowed the way to all that fcllo^^•ed. This wonderful
cntcrprife was undertaken and performed after this
manner.

An. I 5 19. Ferdinand dc Mag.tlhacn^, or as we cor-
ruptly call him, Magellan, by nation a portugucfe, by
defcent a gentleman, and by profcHion a foldier and
fcimnn, having fcrved his prince well both in Afric
and liidia, and being ill rewarded, renounced hi^
country, difnaturalizing himfelf as the cuflom then was,

and



^he Hijlory of Navigation, 491

and offered his fervice to the emperor Charles the fifth
then king of Spain. He had long before conceived an
opinion, that another way might be found to India,
and particularly to the Molucco illands, befides the com-
mon track by the cape of Good Hope followed by the
portugucfcs. This he propofcd to the emperor with
fuch aflurance of performing what he promifed, that
he had the command of five (liips given him, and in
them two hundred and fifty men: with this fquadron
he failed from S. Lucar de Barrameda on the twentieth
of feptember, the aforefaid year 1519- Being come to
the river called Rio de Janeiro on the coaft of Brafil,
and near 23 degrees of fouth latitude, fome difcontent
began to appear among the men, which was foon blown
over; but proceeding to the bay of S. Julian in 49 de-
grees of latitude, where they "were forced to winter, the
mutiny grew fo high, three of the captains and mofi: of
the men being engaged, that Magellan having in vain
endeavoured to appeafe it by fair means, was forced to
life his authority, executing two of the faid captains,
and fetting the third with a prieft who had Tided with
them afhore among the wild indians. This done, he
proceeded on his voyage, and on the twenty firfl: of Oc-
tober 1520, having been out above a year difcovered the
cape, which he called Cabo de la Virgines, or the Vir-
gin's Cape, becaufe that day was the feafl of S. Urfula
and the eleven thoufand virgins ; and there turned into
the fbrait he went in fearch of, which from him to this
day is called the ftrait of Magellan: it lies in 52 de-
grees of fouth latitude, is about a hundred leagues in
length, in fome parts a league wide, in fome more, in
fome lefs, but all narrow, and enclofed with high land
on both fides, fome bare, fome covered with woods,
and fome of the loftielt mountains with fnow. Having
failed about fifty leagues in this llrait, they difcovered
another branch of it, and Magellan fent one of his
iliips to bring him fome account of it; but the fea-
men being parted from him took the opportunity, and
confining their captain for oppofing their defign, re-
turned into Spain, fpending eight months in their re-
turn. Magellan haying expedtcd beyond the time ap^

pointed.



492 ^he HiJIory of Navigation.

pointed, and finding they did not return to him, pro-
ceeded through the (trait, and came into the South-fea
^vith only three fiiips, having lolt one in his pafTage,
but all the men faved, and another as was faid being
ftolen away from him. 1 he lafl land of the lirait he
called Cabo Defcado, or the Defired Cape, becaufe it
was the end of his defired pafTage to the South-fea.
The cold being fomewhat fliarp, he thought good to
draw nearer to the equinodlial, and accordingly (leered
weft north-weft. In this manner he fliiled three months
and twenty days without feeing land, which reduced them
to fuch ftraits, that they were forced to eat all the old
leather they had aboard, and to drink ftinking water,
of which nineteen men died, and near thirty were fo
weak, that they could do no fervice. After fifteen hun-
dred leagues failing he found a fmall ifland in i8 de-
grees of fouth latitude, and two hundred leagues further
another, but nothing confiderable in them ; and there-
fore held on his courfe, till in about 12 degrees of
north latitude, he came to thofe iflands which he called
De los Ladroncs, or of Thieves, becaufe the natives
hovered about his fhips in their boats, and coming
aboard ftole every thing they could lay hold of. Find-
ing no good to be done here, he failed again, and dif-
covcred a great number of iflands together, he gave
that fea the name of Archipelago de S. Lazaro, the
iflands being thofc wc now call the Philippines. On the
twenty eighth of march he anchored by the ifland of
Buthuan, where he was friendly received, and got fomc
gold ; then removed to the ifle of Mellhna, at a fmall
diftance from the other, and thence to that of Cebu,
Magellan having hitherto fuccecded fo well, ftood over
to the illand iMatan, w here not agreeing with the na-
tives he came to vt, battle, and was killed in it with
eight of his men. After this difaller the reft failed
over to the illand Bohol, and being too weak to carry
home their three fhips, burnt one of them, after
taking out the cannon and all that could be of ufe to
them. Being now reduced to t^\o fhips, they made
away to the fouth-weft in fearch of the Molucco illands,
and inftead of them fcIHn w ith the great one of Borneo^

where



Ihe Htftory oj Nirjtgation. 4^3

\vhcre they made fome fliort flay, being friendly re-
ceived : and departing thence, with the afliflance of
indian pilots arrived at length at the Moluccos on the
eighth of novcmber 1521, in the twenty feventh month
after their departure from Spain, and anchored in the
port of Tidore, one of the chief of thofe iflands, where
they were lovingly treated by the king, who concluded
a peace, and took an oath ever to continue in amity
with the king of Spain. Here they traded for cloves,
exchanging the commodities they brought to their
own content : when they were to depart, finding one
of the fliips leaky, and unfit for fo long a voyao-e,
they left her behind to refit, and then failed for Spain as
foon as polUble. I'he other (hip called the Vielory,
commanded by John Sebaftian Cano, and carrying
forty fix fpaniards, and thirteen indians, took its courfe
to the fouth-wcfi:, and coming to the ifland Malva, near
that of Timor, in 1 1 degrees of fouth latitude, ftaid
there fifteen days to Hop Ibme leaks they difcovered in
her. On the twenty fifth of January 1522, they left
this place, and the next day touched at Timor, whence
they went not till the eleventh of february, when they
took their way to the fouthward, refolving to leave all
India, and the illands to the northward, to avoid meet-
ing the portugucfes, who were powerful in thofe feas,
and would obllrucl their palfage : therefore they run
into 40 degrees of fouth latitude before they doubled
the cape of Good Hope, about which they fpcnt i^cxtn
weeks beating it out againlt contrary winds, fo that
their provifions began to fail, and many men grew fick,
which made fome entertain thoughts of turning back
to Mozambique, but others oppofcd it. In fine, after
two months more hardfliips, in which they loft twenty
one of their company, they were forced to put into the
illand of S, James, being one of thofe of Cabo Verde,
where with much intreaty they obtained fome fmall
relief of provifions ; but thirteen of them going alhore
again for fome rice the portugucfes had prom i fed to
fupply them with, were detained alhore, which made
thofe that were left aboard the fiiip hoift fail and put to
fea, fearing the like treachery might furprife them, and

on



494 ^^^ Hijlory of Navigation.

on the feventh of fcptenibcr arrived fafc at S. Lucar,
below the city Sevil, where after firing all their guns
for joy, they repaired to tiie great church in their (liirts
and barefoot to return thanks to God. The fliip that
performed this wonderful voyage was called the Victory^
as was fuid before, the commander's name was John
Sebaftian Cano, w ho was well rewarded and honoured
by the emperor. This was the firft voyage round the
world, which we fhall foon fee followed by other na-
tions ; and this was the difcovery of the (Irait of Ma-
gellan, which made the voyage pradlicable. The other
fpaniih (hip we mentioned to be left at the Moluccos
to Hop her leaks, attempted to return the way it came
to Panama, but after flruggling above four months
with the cafterly winds, mod of the men dying, and
the red being almofl: ftarved, it went back to the Mo^
luccos, where it was taken by the portuguefes ; and
the few men that furvived after being kept two years
in India, were fent to Spain in the portuguefes fhips.
Herrcra, dec. i. lib. IV, IX. and dec. 3. lib. I. IV,
Hackluyt, vol. III. and Purchas, vol. I.

The fecond voyage round the world was begun
An. 1577. By Mr. Francis, afterv.ards lir Francis
Drake, with five fliips and barks, and a hundred and
fixty four men, who -ailed from Plymouth on the thir-
teenth of decembcr, and on the twenty fifth of the
fame month touched at cape Cantin on the African
coad:, in 31 degrees of north latitude; on the feven-
tccnth of January 1578, at cape Blanco on the fame
coaft, and twenty one degrees of latitude, and then at
the illands of Cabo Verde. Departing thence, they
failed fifty four days without feeing land, and on the fifth
of april came upon the coaft of Bralil, where they wa-
tered, and proceeded to the mouth of the nver of Plate
in 36 degrees of fouth latitude. Sailing hence, on the
twenty feventh of april they put into a port in the la-
titude of 46 degrees, where Drake burnt a flyboat that
attended him, after faving all that could be of ufe. On
the twentieth of June he again put into a good harbour,
called Port S. Julian, in the latitude of j-9 degrees,
and continued there till the feventeenth of augud,

when



The Hijlory of Navigation, 4^5

wVn putting to fca again, he entered the Hraits of Ma-
gellan on the twenty firlt of the fame month. What
ibrt of n raits thefe are was defciibcLl in Magellan's
vo) age, and therefore needs no repetition. Here on aa
iiland they found fowl that could not Hy, as big as geefe,
whereof they killed three thouHmd, which was good
provilion ; and they entered the South-fea on the fixth
of feptember. 1 fence they were drove by a ftorm to
the fouthward as far as the latitude of 57 degrees 20
minutes, and anchored among certain iflands ; whence
removing to a good bay, they favv many men and wo-
men naked in canoes, and traded with them for fuch
things as they had. Steering away again to the north-
ward, they found three idands, and in one of them an
incredible quantity of fowl ; but on the eighth of ovfto-
ber they loft fight of one of their fliips commanded by
Mr. Winter, which the red fuppofed to be cafi away, but
it was put back by the tempert into the llrait of Ma-
gellan, and returned homiC the fame way it came.
Drake with the reft failed for the coaft of Chile, and
fending for water at the ifland of Mocha, two of his
men were killed by the indians, whi^h made him depart
without it. This ifland is on the coaft of Chile in 39
degrees of fouth latitude. Coafting ftill along, he
came to the bay of Valparaifo, where he found a fpa-
nilh fliip with only eight fpaniards and three blacks
in her, whom he furprifed and took, and then going
alliore plundered nine houfes, being all there were in
that which they called the town of Santiago. At Co^
quimbo in 29 degrees 30 minutes of latitude fourteen
men landing, one of thern was killed by the fpaniards,
the reft fled back to their ihips. Not far from thence
landing for frelli water, they met one Angle fpaniard
and an indian boy driving eight lamas, or peru flieep
loaded with fllvcr, which they took. Running on
thence to Arica on the coaft of Peru in i 8 degrees 30
minutes latitude, he plundered three barks, in which
was foine quantity of lilver, but not one man. Hence
he advanced to the port oC Lima in 12 degrees of la-
titude, and after rifling what little was in them cut the
cables of 12 vcifels that lay the.^e, letting them drive

where-



49^ ^he Ilijlory of Navigation.

whcrcfoevcr the water would carry them, there being
no nrcn aboard, as having never feen an enemy in thofc
feas. Near cape S. Francis in one degree of north la-
titude he took a rich fliip called Cacafuego, and a little
further another. Then he plundered (luatulco, and
after refitting his fliip in a fmall ifland run away to
the northward in 43 degrees of latitude, where feeling
much cold he returned into 38 degrees, and there put
into a large bay on the coaft of California, w hich Drake
called Nova Albion. Here he was well received by
the people, and continued fome time, and failing
hence directed his courfe for the Molucco idands, feeing
no land till the thirtieth of October, when he dif-
covered the illands dc los l.adrones in eight degrees of
north latitude. On the fourteenth of november he fell
in with the Molucco iflands, and came to an anchor in
that of Ternate, the king whereof came aboard Drake's
lliip, offering him all the ifland could afford ; and he
having taken in what was mofl: neceffary and could
be had there, went over to a fmall ifland Ibuth of Ce-
lebes, where he graved his fliip, and fitted her to return
home, which took him up twenty Cix days. Thinking
to return to the Moluccos, they were drove by con-
tary winds to the northward of the ifland Celebes, till
turning again to the fouthward for fear of the many
fmall iflands in that fea, the fliip on a fudden fat upon
a rock, where it was feared flie would have periflied ;
but lightening her of three tun of cloves, eight guns
and fome provifions, flie got off. On the eighth of fc-
bruary 1579, they fell in with the ifland Barateve,
where they refreflied themfelves after their fatigues, and
took in flore of fuch provifions as the place afforded,
the natives proving very friendly, and bartering their
commodities for linen. Being well furniflied with all
neccflarics, they left this place, and again made fome
flay at the ifland of Java, the natives by their civility
inviting them to it. I'hence they fleered diredly for
the cape of Good I lope, which was the firfl land they
came near from Java, yet touched not there, nor at
any other place till they came to Sierra Leona, the
weflcrmofl: point of Guinea, in 8 degrees of north lati-
tude



The Hiftory ef Navigation, 497

Cudc, on the twenty fecond of July, and there recruited
themfelves with provifions. Departing thence on the
twenty fourth, they arrived in England on the third of-
november 1580, and the third year after their depar-
ture. This relation is to be i^cw at large in Hack-
luyt, vol. III. p. 742. and in Purchas, vol. I. lib. 11.
p. 46. :

An. 1586. Mr. Thomas, afterwards fir Thomas
Candifh, undertook the third voyage round the world
with three fmall veflels, one of a hundred and twenty,
the fecond of lixty, and the third of, forty tuns burden,
all fitted out at his own charges ; and failed from Ply-
mouth on the twenty firft of July 1586. On the
twenty third of auguft he put into a bay on the coalt
of Afric, and deftroyed there a village of the blacks,
becaufe they killed a man with a poifoned arrows
After fome days fpent about this place,- he failed away
fouth-wcft, and on the firft of november put in between
the ifland of S. Sebaftian, and the continent of Brafil,
in 24 degrees of fouth latitude, where the men were fee
to work afliore to build a pinnace, make hoops for
the cafks, and fill frefli water, which took them up till
the twenty third of the month, when failing again on
the feventeenth of december, they entered port Defire,
in 47 degrees and a half of latitude, and that being a
convenient place for the purpofe careened their fhips,
and refitted what was amifs. The third day of January
1587, they anchored at the mouth of the flraits of Magel-
lan, the weather being very fiormy, which lallcd three
days, all which time they continued there, but lofl: an an-
chor, and the fixth day entered the /trait. The fcventh, as
they drew^ near the narrow part of the flrait, they took
a fpaniard, being one of the twenty three that fiill re-
mained alive, which were all then left of five hundred
there three years before to guard the flrait, the relt
being dead with hunger. Thefc had built a town,
which they called king Philip's city, and fortified
it, but they could make no works againfl famine,
which confumed them all to thofe before mentioned,
who except him that was taken were gone along the
coaft, hoping to get to the river of Plate. Candifii
VojL. IX, K k having



49 8 The U'tjlory 'J y^.r/igathn.

havirip^ wooded and v.atcrcd here, called this ph'cc Port
Famine. The weather proving very boidcrous and
foul, he was forced to lide ii out often at anchor, and
therefore did not get out into the Souih-fca till thctwcnr/
fourth of februciry. On the tirll of march a violent
Itorm parted the baik of forty tuns from the other tv\o
fliips, and they met not before the fifteenth betwixt the
ifland of S. Mary and the contineiU of Chile, in 37
degrees and a half of foulh latitude. Here they took
in as much corn as they would have, and abundance
of potatoes, all ^vhich had been laid up in the illand
for the fpaniardr,, beiides as many hogs as they coidd fait,
abundance of hens, and live hundred dried dog-fillies.
The eighteenth they left this place, and on the la{f of
the month landed at Punta de Quenuro in 3;^ degrec^y
of latitude, but faw no man, though thov travelled fome
miles, only fpied fome herds of very wild cattle ; but the
lirH of april going to water, the nven were id upon
by the fpaniards, and twelve of them cut ofl^'. Pro-
ceeding hence along the coall of Chile and Pern, they
took fonie coafling veficis carrying provifions from one
place to another. In this manner they ran a'ong to
the illand Puna, in about 3 degrees of fouth latitude,
being a famous place for fupplying all thofc coalbs with
cables. Here the englifli took what they found for
their ufe, the ifland being inhabited by none biitindians,
except fome few fpaniards that lived in the chief town,
who killed twelve of the cngliOi, but were put to tlighr,
and the town burnt, as was the church particularly, and
the bells carried away. This fecond lofs of men obliged
Candifn to fink his bark of forty tun, that had attended
him out of I'j^gland. On the twelfth of June they cu:
the equinoctial line, and holding on their courfe to the
northuard all that n^.onth, i^w the hrlt of j.ijy came
upon the coafb of New-Spain ; where q\\ the ninth
they took and burnt a fliip with fcvc\n men in her,
and foon after a bark, whofe men were fled to ll^ore.
The twenty fixth day they anchored at Copnlira, in 16
degrees of north latitude, whence they went with triirty
men to Aguat\ilco a bnall indian town, which they
burnt and riticd. Then keeping along that coall, t-hey

continued



^'he Uijiory of NaZ'i^Mion, 499

conj:inucd ravaging the Indian tov ns, rill rhcy came to
a fmall illand in 11^ degrees of latitude, and clevea
leagues from the city Chiamctlan ; where having wa-
tered, and llaid till the ninth of novenibcr, they then
ftood over to cape S. L.ucar, which is the fouthjrmoil
point of California, and beating about it till ihc fourth
of noveuibcr, met then v/ith the S. Anne, being the
fpviiih galeon bound from the Philippine illands to
the port of Acapulco in New-Spain. After a fight of
fix hours the galeon was taken and carried into the
port called Puerto Scguro ; where fetting afliore the
fpaniards, and taking out what goods they could carry,
they burnt the galeon, and on the nineteenth of no-
vcmber failed thence towards India. This night Can-
dilh, who was in the Delire, loft his other fliip called
the Content, and never favv her after. Being thus left
alone he failed before the wind, as is iifual there, for
the fpace of forty five days, and on the third of Ja-
nuary 1588, came up with the iflands de los Ladroncs,
having run about eighteen hundred leagues; on the four-
teenth with cape Efpiritu Santo, a great head-land of one
of the Philippine illands to the weftvvard in 13 degrees
of latitude, and about three hundred leagues from the
iflands Ladrones. At the ifland Cabul he continued
fomc days getting frcfli provilions, and then failing
amidd all thofe iliands fouth-well and by fouth, on the
eighth of february difcovered the ifland Batochina near
Cjiiolo, in I degree of fouth latitude; whence he
fleered to the fouth lide of the great illand of Java, and
touching there on the twelfth of march, traded with
the natives for provilions, which were brought him in
great plenty. On the lixteenth he let fail for the cape
of Good Hope, and doubled it ab(iut the middle of may ;



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