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He gives us an exad hillory of the empire of China, both
ancient and modern \ a defcription of the coimtry and people,
pcrfccEl in all circumltances ; a genuine tranllation of the morals
of Confucius their great philofopher ; a full view of the chinele
learning, and a judicious explication of their opinions in religious-
matters: in which he is fo careful and particular, that no other-
author whatfoevcr has given fo complete an account of the religion
of that nation. Nor docs he confine himfelf to China, but in
his way thither delivers piany curious obfcrvations he made iu hi^f


rmjl Rooh of P^oyages end Travth. 555

voyage to New-Spain, and gives a very good account of that
coiimry, as alfo of the Philippine iflands (where he made a cr.r*-
fiderable ftay,) of the illands lying about them, and of other parts
of India; and the accidents he met with in his return home,
which was in the year 1673, after he had been abroad 26 years.
On his arrival in Europe he repaired to the court of Rome, upon
the matter of the controverfies between the miHionaries ; wlu-rc
he was treated with all the hf^nour due to a perfon of his merit:
and foon after his return to Spain, he was promoted to an arch-
bilhopric in Hifpaniola.

II. Baumgarlen, uhofe travels we have here into Egypt, Ara-
bia, Palelline, and Syria, was a german nobleman, as appears by
his life prefixed to his travels. His journal was not publilhed by
himfclf, but after his death collected from his own and his fer-
vant's obfervations, both of them having kept diaries of all they
faw ; and therefore are two feveral wiinelfes for the truth of what
is delivered. Here \% not only a defcription of the countries above-
mentioned, but a great deal of their ancient hiltory inferted ; and
what renders the relation yet more agreeable, is the great variety
of occurrences in this voyage well worth the relating. In par-
ticular, we are obliged to him for his account of the difciplinc
and manners of that itrange and unparalleled focicty of men, ihc
mamalukes, who for a long time held the dominion of Egypt, and
of whom there is fcarce to be found any where elfe a tolerable
relation. His obfervaliows on the lives of the chrillian religious
men in thofe parts, will be delightful to the curious reader, as
will alfo his reaiarkson the fuperililions of the mamalukes, arabs,
and other infidels. This author travelled in the year 1507. His
journal never appeared before in englilh. The latin copy here
tranflated was corrcded by Jofeph Scaliger's own hand.

III. Henry Brawern and Elias Herckernann were fent to the
kingdom of Chili bv the dutch weft-india company in the years 1642
and 1643. Brawern was ordered to endeavour to fettle aiuoni;
the indians of that country, who were then revolted from the
Spaniards, as may appear by the advertifement before the voyage ;
but he died there', and fo that defign came to nothing. The main
thini^ in this journal is an account of the voyage, and a defcrip-
tion^.f the illand of Cailro lying off the fouth coall of Ciiili, as
alfo of the river of Baldivia in that kingdom.

IV. The next tra«5l in order in this colledion is a defcription
of tiie ifland of Formofa near the coail of China, where the dutch
had a confiderable fort Of the author we know no more, but
that he was miniller to the dutch in that illand. The defcrip-
tion is but Ihort, yet contains the moll material points ufually
treated of in fuch relations.

V. The I'emarks on the empire of Japan L'ive a particular ac-
count of the revenyes of tl;c cmperoi and all the great men of


556 A Catahgui and Chara^tr^oP'"

that empire. The refl: of it may almofl as foon be read as cha-
r^dlcrized, and is therefore left to the reader's cenfure.

VI. Captain John Monck's voya£^e into the northern parts, was
performed by order of Chrillian IV. king of Denmark, in the
years 16 19 a|id 1620, The particidar preface to it mentions the
mod material points, which therefore need not be repeated here.
What may be added concerning the captain is, that he was one
of the abl'-tl fcamen of his time ; that he had excellent natural
parts ; was of a bold and daring fpirit, proper to attempt thofe
dangerojis difcoveries ; and hardy to endure all the rigours of
thofe frozen climates : but what is his greateft commendation in
this place is, that he was a man of truth and integrity, as may
appear by his narrative, in which all that have followed him could
find nothing to contradi6l.

VII. To Beauplan's defcription of Ukraine fo particular a
preface is prefixed, that little more can be added. In general,
the reader will find many things both moral and natural, that arc
rare and remarkable. He lived in that country about the year
1640. He was excellently qualified to give this defcription, being
a mathematician and an engineer ; and he has performed it fo
well, that nothing fcems to be wanting but the map, which he
tells us was feized with his papers by the king of Poland.

VIII. The two voyages to Congo in Afric were performed,
the firit by Michael Angelo of Gattina and Denis de Carli of
Piacenza, capuchins and midioners into that kingdom, in the vear
1666. The firrt of thefe died there, after he had fent thefe par-
ticulars in letters to his friends. The other returned into Italy,
where he compofed a fmall book from which this is tranflated.
It begins with their voyage from Italy to Liibon, and thence to
BrafiF, which introduces a brief account of that country ; and
thence failing over to Afric, treats of the portuguefe town of
Loando on that road, of the behaviour and manners of the people,
their way of travelling, the produ<5l of the country, of the feveral
princes, the proceedings of thofe and other miilioners, the date
of religion ; and laltly, remarks in the author's travels through
Spain and France in his return home. More particulars whereof
may be feen in the tranllators preface betore the voyage.

IX. The other yoy^ge to the fame country was performed by
F- Jerome Merolla da Sorrento in the year 1682, who was alfo
a miflioner. T."he velfel he went in being by contrary winds carried
to the fouthward of the cape of Good Hope, the father delivers alj
that is remarkable in running along that fouthern coalt of Atric, till
his arrival at the port of Angola. Then he enters upon his bu-
finefs, with the difcovery of Congo, and fird nulTions to thofe
parts \ defcribes the river Zaire, relates the proceedings <»f the
milfioners, the fuperditions and cudoms of the blacks, fome-
thing of the wars betwixt the portuguefes and the blacks, and of
the attempts of the dutch and englidi to breed enmity betwixt thofe


mcjl Booh of Voyages and Travels. 557

two nations. He clefcrlbes the bcafts, birds, fruits, and plants of
Congo, and has many curious things not taken notice of by the
former miffionaries.

X. The firfl volume concludes witii (Tr Thomas Roe's journal.
a valiKibie piece. He was fent ambalfador by king James the firff
to the great mogul, in 1615, at the charge of the ealt-india com-
pany, to fettle peace and commerce. Being in that high pod, he
was the better able to give us a true account of the court of that
mighty monarch, to Ihow us all the cuftoms and manners of it,
and to inftrud us in their policies, arts and maxims of (late,
which common travellers are not allowed to pry into. There is
no caufe to fufpcil the' truth of his relation, becaufc his ne-
gotiations in Turky, where he was embaffador, lately printed,
Ihow the extent of his genius, which was univerfal ; and for in-
tegrity, that he was one of the honefteft as well as ableit miniftcrs
that ever was employed by any court ; and In this journal he
had an eye particularly to ferve thofe who had bulmcfs to tranfacl
in India, and were to have bulincfs there in all future tin-.c. For
a fuller account of this work we refer to the preface before the
journal itfelf.

I. The fecond volume commences with the voyages and travels
of Mr. John NieiihofF, a dutchman, and employed by the dutch
company to the Eaft, and Wefl-Indics. They arc divided into
three parts. The firfl to Brazil, an. 1640, in which he went
merchant fupercafgo to a flifp of" the weil-india company. His
defcription of Brazil Is fo exad and full, that he has left nothing
for the diligence of thofe who came after him ; for bcfides the
general map, there are draughts of the towns of Arecite and
Olinda, and cuts of all the llrange bealls, birds, ferpents, infecls,
trees, plants, and of the Indians themfclves, all taken upon the
foot. To which he adds the tranfadions in the war betwixt the
tlutch and portuguefe in that country, he being there in the height
of it, that is, from 1640 till 1649.

The fecond part contains the author's travels in the Eaft Indies,
begun in the year 1653. ■^'^ ^^ ^^''^Y thither he defcribes the
iflands of Cabo Verde, giving draughts of two of them, calLd
S. An.iiiony and S. Vincent ; and then a map of the cape of
Ciood Hope. Thence he fails to Amboyna, of which, ai;d of
the Molucco iflands, as alfo of Formofa, lie leaves nothing worth
relating untouched. The fame he perforins from China ail along
the coall of India and Perfia ; ^<^ plainly reprefenting all things
obfervable or Ihange there, that with the help of his cuts we
feem to be converling ^\ith the people of thofe parts, to fee all
their towns and living creatures, and to be thoroughly acquainted
with their habits, cuHoms and luperlVitionF. But when he comes
to Batavia, the metropolis of the dutch do^nlnions in the call, he
there fpares no labour or coll to cx^jrefs the grcatnefs of that
city • and tiiis not only with words, but with abundance of hne


^^8 A Cntahgue and Charaflrr of

draughts, reprcfcnting, befides the town and harbour, the church,
the markets, the town-houfe, the hofpital, and many other places
and flruc^urcs. All the habits of tliofc parts arc alfp reprcfented.
In fliort, the whole work contains eighty two cuts, which being
all drawn to truth, and not fancy, illuilrate the work, and render
it extraordinary valuable. All this is interwoven with difcourfes
nf the wars betwixt the dutch and indians in feveral parts ; and
many remarks of their hillory, both political and natural.

1 he third part is a voyage to the ealt-flde of Afric, in the year
1672, which is very fhort and imperfect ; Mr. NieuhofF being
unfortunately killed in the illand of Madagafcar by the natives.

II. After Nieuhoft' follow Smith's adventures, travels and ob-
fervations, beginning with his travels in the Low Countries, France
and Italy, proceeding thence to the v/ars betwixt the turks and
tranfilvanian.'^, where the author ferved ; and being taken pri-
foner and carried into Tartary, he fpeaks fomewhat of that
country : making his efcape from the tartars, he crolfed all eu-
rope, and pafTed into Barbary : hence he went to Virginia, the
Summer I(]ands, and New England, and has left us the hiflory of
the englifh fettlements in thofe places, and their ftate from the
year 1624 to 1629, thence he palled to the Leeward Klands, of
which he likcwife gives an account.

III. Next to Smith's adventures the reader will find two
Journals of men left in the frozen regions of Greenland and
Spitzbergcn, to winter there, and make fome obfervations on
thofe countries.

The firfl: of thefe is of feven Tailors, who voluntarily con-
fentcd to flay in the ide of Maurice, on the coad: of Greenland.
Thefe kept an exa6l diary, fetting down the wind, weather, and
all other particulars they could obferve, from the twenty-fixth
of augufl 1633, ^'^^ ^'""^ twenty-ninth of april 1634. The method
is plain, and fuch as might be expe6led from failors; and as
there is nothing in the relation that fcems incredible; fo neither
is there any ground to call the truth of it in queftion, becaufe
they all died one after another, and left this journal behind them
without any alteration : and doubtlefs as they felt theilifelvcs de-
clininc;, they \vould have no inclination to impofe on the wor'd.

The fecond journal is of feven other dutch failors, left to
winter at Spitzbergen in the year 1634, where they alfo kept a
diary from the eleventh of feptember till the twenty-fixth of fe-
bruary, when being fpent with the fcurvy, and their limbs be-
ntimbcd with the \\ inter's cold, they could not help themfclves,
and like the others were all found dead at the return of the dutch
fleet in 1635.

IV. The next is a very brief relation of a fliipwreck in Spitz-
bergen in 1646, and of the taking up of four of the men who
cfcapcd, after a wonderful manner ; yet three of them died foon
after, and only one returned home

\\ The

imjl Bods of Voyages and Travels. 559

V. Tlie defcriptions of Iceland and Greenland were written
about the year 1645, by Mr. la Peyrere, a learned frenchman,
author of the b(3ok about the Prx-Adamitcs, fccretary to the
french cmbalfy at Copenhagen, at the requed: of the ingenious
nionf. de le Mothc la Vayer, and fent to him : of Iceland, a
country long inhabited, though fo cold and northerly, he delivers
fomething of ancient hiftory, befides the dcfcription of the land,
the manners of the people, and other things remarkable. In
Ctreenhnd he follows much the fame method, and both of them
are well worthy to be read \\'\\\\ attention, as delivering one of
the molt accompliihed narratives we have of thofe parts, and
cfteemed as fuch by monf. dc la Mothe la Vayer, who was a very
competent judge.

VI. The next in order is captain Thomas James's voyage, an.
1 63 1, for the difcovcry of the north-well: paifage into the South-
f(^a : fctting fail in liiay, he ran into tlie latitude of 63 degrees
and upwards. 'Tis very obfervable throughout the voyage, that
we iliall fcarce meet with f ) continual a ferics of ftorms, and all
fOrts of hardlhips, miferies and calamities, as this captain run
through ; who after itruggling till feptember with tempe(h, cold
and iminhabited fliores, at lait was driven upon a defert frozen
ifland, and there forced to winter in miferable diftrefs. The ac-
coimt he gives of the extremity of the cold in thofe quarters,
and his obl'ervations on it, are curious, and were very ufeful to
Mr. Boyle, in the experiments he made about cold. But the
general elteem his relation is in among the ingenious, will
fufficiently recommend it. He returned fafe home with molt of
his crew.

VII. The mufcovitecmbafrador'sjourney bylandfrom Mofcow
to China in 1645 is fo fliort that it requires little to be faid of it,
but that it dcfcribes the way from Mofcow to Peking, and fhovvs
us that the city is the fame with the fo much talked of and little
known Cambalu, millakcnly fuppofed to be in Tartary. This
embalfador being never admitted to audience, could learn n<^thing
of the chinefe court, and therefore does not pretend to inform us
of anv thing that relates to it.

VIII. Wagner's travels in Brazil and the Eaft Indies about
1633, which are annexed to this embaffy, are as Ihort, and
may fo foon be read over, that it is needlefs togi\c a character of

IX. The life of Chriftopher C(>lumbus has a Hiort preface to
it, partly the author's, and partly the tranllator's, which is fnf-
hcient to inform the reader both of the contents of the book,
and the value of it above others that treat of the fame fubje«5t.
And indeed nothing can be defcribed more authentic, if we will
give credit to original papers, and thofe from ^o good a hand as
the admiral himfclf and his own fon, who bore part with'him in
fome of his entcrpifes. But we mult not omit to obfcrve, that


5^o A Catalogue and CharaSler of

under the title of his life, is contained the narr;^lon of all thlt
was done in the difcovery of the Weft Indies in his time, ahout
1492, hefides abundance of curious remarks, fcarce to be found
in any other author that writes upon this fubjtc\.

X. Grcaves's accornt of the pyramids, needs little to be faid of it.
The univcrfal approbation it has received is a greater character than
can be here given of it; the judicious monf. Thevenot fct fuch
a value upon it, that he tranflatcd it into french. In a word, it
is the moil accompli flied narrative we have of thofe wonderful
piles, and may fparc all other travellers the trouble of writing of
them. He has faid all that can be expected ; he inllrufts us who
were the founders of the pyramid?, the time of erecting them,
the motive and defign of them, and then defcribes them exadlly,
and gives draughts of them.

Xi. His roman foot and denarius added to his pyramids, is
another piece of excellent literature, to give light into the weights
and meafnres of the anticnts.

XII. Chriflophcr Borri's account of Cochin-China, where he
lived about tlic year 1620, clofes the fecond volume. It is Ihort,
but contains m.any curious things, being full of matter, without
fuperfluity of words to fwell it to a volume.

I. The hiftorical relation of the kingdom of Chili, by Alonfo
de Ovalle, about the year 1646, has the firfl place in the third
volume. It is the only good account of that kingdom ; the au-
thor, being a jefuit, infcrtcd the relations of feveral miracles in
this work, which the tramlator has in great mealure retrenched ;
for the reft, his veiacity is unqueftioned. The author himfeif
is fo modeft, as to excufe any fault that may be found with
his work, alleging its being written at Rome, where he v^ras
procurator for thofe of his order in Chili ; and, being fo far
I'rom home, ill-provided with papers and all materials for com-
poHng a hiftory of this fort : but whofocvcr reads it, will find
more ground for commendation than need of excufe, nothing of
tlic kir.d beirig more complete, full and accurate. Sometliing
might be here faid as to the particulars contained in this book,
but that the author and tranilator have done it already in two fe-
veral prefaces before the book. The tranilator gives the authv'r
and his work that honourable chara61er they defervc. The au-
thor in his preface fums up the contents of his book, declares
how fmcerely he has dealt, in order to deliver nothing but the
tnilh ; givci his reafons for what he (ays relating to Pi-ru and
Mexico, and laftly demonftratcs how this work may be diverting
ami ufcful to all lorts of readers.

II. After Ovjlle, follow lir William Monfon's naval trails. ^>ir
William was a gentleman well djfcerulexl, but of fniall fortune, as
he cf^nfelVes, w hich made him take to the fea, where he ferved many
yeurs in feveral capacities, till merit raifed him to the degree of au
admiral, firft under queen Elizabeth, and then under king James


tmji Bosh of Voyages and Travels, 56

and king Charles the firft. Being bred from his youth at Tea,
and being a man of excellent natural narts, there is not the leaft
fliadow of reafon to make a doubt of his capacity in maritime
affairs. His integrity will fiitliciently appear to any lh:it reads
him, for he every where carries fuch a vifiblc ingenuity in what
he delivers, that it plainly appears to be written with a true
zeal for the public, and without prejudice or atfeciation. The
excellent advice he gives to his eldeft fon, is a good inflance of
his virtuous inclination ; and the fmall eftate he declares he leaves
him, after fo many toils and dangers, plainly fliows the honcfly
of his life. Thus much as to the author ; as to his tracls ih<re
is a preface before them, to which the reader is referred for other
particulars not touched upon in this place.

The firft book is chiefly a collcdlion of every year's a6lions
in the war againO: Spain, on our own and the fpanif}^ coafls, and
in the Weft-Indies. Here the reader is not to expect a full nar-
rative of thefe affairs, for many of them are fo brief that no more
is faid of them, but the force they are undertaken with, and the
fuccefs of the enterprife ; yet the defign is to Hiow the rcafons,
either why they mifoarried, or why fo little advantage was made
where they fucceeded. In fome he is more particular than in
others ; and what perhaps may be (till of u^q, he at laft fcts
down the abufes in the fleet, and the methods for redrclfing

His fecond book continues fomcwhat of the method of the
f\rft, beginning with fatherly inftrudion^ to his fon ; whence he
proceeds to the peace with Spain, which put an end to the war-
like naval anions, yet not to his command, being employed againft
pirates. He inveighs againlt the dutch, Ihows the ill manage-
ment of a delign againft Algier, and makes very notable remarks
on the attempt" uponCadiz by king Cliarle? the tirlt, prno ,i,ri .^
methods how Spain might have been much more endamaged, with
other about the Ihipping of England, and fovereignty
of the feas.

The third book treats only of the admiralty, that is, of all
things relating to the royal navy, from the lord high admiral to
the meaneft perfons em|)loyed alhore, ar^l to the r lobm-boys at
lea ; and from a complete fleet to the fmalleft vefTel and part of
it, with inltru6tions for all officers, the fize of all forts of guns,
all forts of allowances on board the king's fhips, and excellent
directions for hghting at fea ; an account of all the harbours
in thefe three kingdoms, with many more curious matters accurately

The fourth book is of another nature from any of the ref!,
being a brief colledion of fpaniih and portuguefe difcoverics and
conquefts in Afric, Aiia and America, with fome voyages round
:he world, and fumevvliut of en'difli and french rlantatjons.

Vol. IX. P o The

5^2 A Catalogue and Chamber of

The fifth book is full of projects or fchemcs, for managing
affairs at fca to the befl advantage for the nation.

This I'lXth and lad treats of filliing, to fliow the infinite addi-
tion of wealth and ftrength it would bring to England ; with all
inilru6lions nccelfary for putting fuch a defign in execution.

III. This third volume ends with the defcripiion of the coafts
of Malabar and Coromandcl, and the ifland of Cevlon in the
F2aft Indies, about the year 1649, ^Y I^hilip Baldxus, a dutch
miniltcr, who lived fevcral years in thofe parts. The preface to
the work gives a general idea of it, and of the author, to which
the reader may recur to avoid repetition ; but for his further in-
formation let it be obferved, that he firfl: gives a brief account of
the adlions and conquefts of the portuguefes in thofe parts, and
then an ample and full relation how the dutch expelled them ;
where we fhall find more particulars concerning thofe affairs than
have been hitherto made public in englilb, which is a very con-
fiderable piece of hiflory. And though he only promifes to treat
of the coafts of Malabar and Coromandel on the continent, yet to
lead the more methodically into it, he begins with the dcfcription of
Cambaya, the treaties of the dutch with the great mogul, the trade
of fevcral curopean nations along that coaft ; and leads us even into
the Rcd-fca, defcribing many places- of note upon thofe fliores,
and even up the inland country, acquainting the reader, at the
fame time, with all that is requifite to be known of the maho-
metans in thofe parts. Hence he defcends to treat of all the great
peninfula on this fide Ganges, of its produ<5f, the rivers Nile and
Ganges, and more particularly than any ether has done of the
malabar language. After this he proceeds to Ceylon, where he
enlarges more tlian upon the reft, as having lived longed there,
and concludes with a large account of the idolatry of the Eafl-
India pagans.

I. The firft voyage in the fourth volume is that of Dr. Francis
Gemelli Carcri round the world, a piece of extraordinary curio-
fity, altogether new, and but lately publiihed in Italian in fix
odtavo volumes, and now fir(t in engliili, the author returning
home from his long travels but at the end of the year 1698,
His learning, as being a doctor of the civil law, and his excel-
lent natural qualifications, have rendered his work fo complete,
that indeed it feems to be one of the mod excellent pieces of
this nature now extant. Nothing can be more diverting, as
having that extraordinary variety which the whole compafs of the
earth affords, and that in the noblcll and bell parts ofir. An air
of truth appears throughout it, there being nothing but what is
told with much modefly, and what is probable and natural enough
in itfelf ; befides that the moll part of what is here related may
be found difperfed in many other travellers, who faw but pieces
of what Gernelli took a view of entire. His remarks and ob-
fervations arc extraordinary curious, bccaufc he was not only ca-


ojl Booh of l^oyages and Traveh, ' 563

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