John M. (John McAuley) Palmer.

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being an eminent barrister of central Ohio ; so that when he left college he was
prepared to enter upon his chosen profession. Before settling down, however,
he resolved to visit a sister residing at Kankakee, Illinois, whom he had not
seen for many years. This visit was made in 1857, and so well pleased was he
with the country and the people, that he determined to make that point his future
home ; probably the excellent fishing and hunting facilities which the beautiful
river and the boundless prairies afforded had some influence in determining his
choice. The highest authority known to any of the learned professions decided
at a very early day that man should have "dominion over the fish of the sea and
over the fowl of the air," a charter which Mr. Moore long since accepted, the
franchises of which he has fully enjoyed during his whole life. He was, however,
born a lawyer, and loves the profession, of which he is one of the most gifted and
able members ; but one of the maxims of his moral code is never to let his
business interfere with his pleasures.

In 1858 he was employed by the celebrated Rev. Father Chiniquy to defend
him in a suit brought against him by the then Roman Catholic bishop of Chicago
to despoil him and his followers of their church, parsonage, and his own private
property, after they had in a body left the church of Rome. The litigation over
this property was in court for many years and is a "cause celebre."

He was raised in the Methodist church, but his views were more liberal than
would have been considered orthodox by pioneer Methodism. He loved the
Bible, and read its sacred pages, more perhaps for its poetry, its history and its
law than for its religious teachings. After he came to Illinois he attended the
Episcopal church for a number of years, being attracted there by the sublime and
eminently scriptural liturgy of the church, and the earnest and honest Christian
character of her ministry in Kankakee; but in 1873 he made a public profession
of faith in Christ under the ministry of the distinguished evangelist, Mrs. Maggie
Van Cott, and united with the Methodist church, of which he has since been an
exemplary and conspicuous member.

Politically, he has generally acted with the Democratic party. His views,
however, do not accord fully with either of the leading parties of the nation,
and he seems to his friends to occupy rather an independent position. Every
impulse of his frank and generous nature was always opposed to slavery, while
protective tariffs and a depreciated or irredeemable currency were not less re-
pugnant to his common sense, and but for these insurmountable obstacles his



980 THE BENCH AND BAR OF ILLINOIS.

anti-slavery sentiments would have drawn him into the Republican ranks. In
1872 he favored the independent movement, was a delegate to the Cincinnati
convention, and helped to nominate Mr. Greeley, who was a protectionist. He
was a delegate to the "National Democratic" convention, at Indianapolis, leading
up to the nomination of General John M. Palmer for the presidency, to whom he
gave a loyal support. He has never held a public office, nor could he be induced
to become a candidate for one. He is a man of one work. The law is his pro-
fession, and his motto is, "Ne sutor ultra crepidam."

In social life Mr. Moore is a marked character. He enjoys a practical joke,
and knows how to perpetrate one. If a ready speech is needed at a public gath-
ering good-natured, humorous, adapted to allay discord and promote har-
mony "Steve" Moore is the man for the emergency. He is genial, courteous
and affable to all, and has hosts of friends wherever he goes. As we have
already intimated, he was, in the early days, like Nimrod, a "mighty hunter,'' and
the sportsmen of Kankakee who frequented Beaver lake for duck or wild
goose, or penetrated the wilds of Missouri for deer or turkey, found him the life
and soul of their party. He is well known for qualities of a nobler stamp
heart-qualities that distinguish him as benevolent and charitable above the aver-
age of his fellow-men. Many a poor widow whose husband fell in the war, and
who was unable to overcome the difficulties in the way of obtaining a pension,
has found the friend she needed in him, who asked neither fee nor reward for
his services save their gratitude and the pleasure which he derived from making
them happy. Like the patriarch of old, he "defends the widow and the father-
less, and the cause which he knows not he searches out." He gives his bread
to the hungry, and never turns "his face from any poor man." He is liberal
toward all good objects, whether of religion or charity, at home or abroad. He
was for a long time a worker in the Sunday school, and of late years in the prayer
meeting, and in the revival seasons of his church he is still active and influential.

As a lawyer, whether before a jury or as a counselor in his chamber, he never
fails to impress by the earnestness and sincerity of his manner. His logic as a
pleader is clear and lucid, and his style adapted, both in simplicity of statement
and ingenuity of illustration, to the mental capacity of his jury. He is quick to
discover the strong points of a case, and hard to surprise by an antagonist. He is
a very detective in tracing the serpent windings of scheming knavery, and his
success in his profession amply attests his ability. He ranks as one of the fore-
most lawyers of the state. The pertinacity and efficiency with which he defended
Father Chiniquy during the long years of litigation with which he was harassed,
and the consummate skill with which he circumvented the wily machinations of
his implacable Jesuitical persecutors, should make his name a cherished keep-
sake in the heart of every lover of civil and religious freedom throughout this
nation and the world.

He was married at Cincinnati, Ohio, February 25, 1858, to Miss Lucy Cady,
a lady of much personal beauty and high accomplishments ; an affectionate wife
and loving mother, a kind and hospitable neighbor, an active and exemplary



THE BENCH AND BAR OP ILLINOIS. 981

Christian. She died in 1881. They had four children Claude Leavett, Mary
C, Stephen R., and Alfred D.

Samuel S. Hallam, of Monmouth, was born on the 2ist of November, 1863,
in Warren county, Illinois, and at the county-seat he now makes his home, an
active and leading member of the bar. He comes from the same family to which
Henry Hallam, the famous English historian, belonged. His great-grandfather
was the founder of the family in America, was one of the heroes who fought in
the Continental army for the independence of the colonies and was one of the
first histrionic performers that ever appeared on the American stage, playing in
the first theater ever built in Philadelphia, about 1743. The parents of our sub-
ject are David M. and Mary (Murphy) Hallam, and the former follows the occu-
pation of farming.

In the common schools of Warren county Samuel S. Hallam acquired his
early education, which was supplemented by study in Abingdon College, but
in his senior year, in 1883, he was forced to put aside his text-books on account
of ill health. He was always of a studious nature, fond of reading, and his
taste in this direction was gratified through his access to the Warren county
library, in Monmouth. From his early boyhood he announced his determination
of becoming a lawyer, and found great delight in listening to the lawsuits in
the justice courts. After leaving school he traveled for a time as a representative
of a piano and organ house, and in 1887 entered upon the study of law in the
office of Judge Frank Quinby. On the 2ist of November, 1889, he was admitted
to the bar and now saw the consummation of his youthful dreams. He opened
an office in Monmouth, where he gradually worked up a good practice, his
careful preparation of cases enabling him to meet and defeat many of the old-
time practitioners at the Warren county bar. In April, 1891, he was elected
city attorney and acceptably filled the position two years. He has now a large
clientage, and in the general practice of law has won gratifying success. He
has also been an important factor in the commercial interests of Monmouth
and has been identified with most of the leading enterprises that have been
established in the city through the past decade, his excellent business and
executive ability enabling him to carry forward to successful completion what-
ever he undertakes. For some years he has been secretary of the Monmouth
Lumber Company and is general manager and solicitor for the Illinois Bankers'
Life Association.

Mr. Hallam has always been deeply interested in politics, and before at-
taining his majority served as a member of the township committee. He was
appointed postmaster of Monmouth by President Cleveland, January 14, 1895,
and is now filling that position, discharging the duties of the office in a manner
entirely satisfactory to the public and creditable to himself. Democracy finds
in him an able champion, and his broad information on political issues, com-
bined with his ability to set forth his views in clear and cogent form, makes
him one of the leading advocates of the party in this locality. His opinions in
the councils of his party carry great weight and his efforts have contributed not
a little to the successes gained by the Democracy in this section of the state.



982 THE BENCH AND BAR OF ILLINOIS.

He was secretary of the Democratic county central committee from 1890 until
1892, was secretary of the congressional committee for the eleventh district from
1892 until 1894, and a member of the Democratic state central committee from
the fifteenth congressional district from 1894 until 1897. His family were origi-
nally all Republicans but are now stalwart Democrats.

Mr. Hallam was married in Monmouth, November 14, 1894, to Ella Dredge.
They hold membership in the First Christian church, in which Mr. Hallam is a
trustee, while in the Young Men's Christian Association he is serving as director.
Since 1886 he has been a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, has
filled all the chairs in the subordinate lodge, is a member of the encampment
and of the Patriarchs Militant. He also belongs to the Knights of Pythias fra-
ternity and is very popular in social circles, having a host of warm friends who
esteem him highly. He is of a generous nature, holds friendship inviolate and
is ever willing to do whatever lies in his power for the benefit of his fellow men.
The future of such a man may be forecast at least to this extent: It will be
characterized by great activity in the important things that concern the interests
of society and government. The world is always in need of men of his character
and ability, men who are high-minded, public-spirited, enterprising and energetic,
and who believe that the citizen owes a solemn duty to the community, which
duty they are ever ready to perform.

Edward C. Akin. A modern philosophical writer has aptly said : "Within
yourself lies the cause of whatever enters into your life. To come into the full
realization of your own interior awakened powers, is to be able to condition your
life in exact accord with what you would have it." Bovee has expressed this
same truth from the negative side by his utterance, "Self-distrust is the cause
of most of our failures. In the assurance of strength there is strength, and
they are the weakest, however strong, who have no faith in themselves and their
powers." In the successful man, therefore, we may see one who in keen self-
analyzation has justly estimated his ability and who uses this ability to the best
advantage. Knowing his own capacity he is not afraid to try his powers upon
the difficult tasks which the hour may bring forth, nor does he rashly over-
estimate his strength, and in consequence bring failure where he had hoped to
gain success.

In the field of law there is ample opportunity to test one's ability, and in
this profession, probably more than in any other, only the man of merit finds
his way to the front. Prominence is the outcome of skill and industry, and it
is these qualities which have gained Edward C. Akin a place among the dis-
tinguished lawyers of Illinois, and made him attorney general of the state. He
was born in Will county, on the I9th of July, 1852, and was educated in the
public schools of Joliet, and at Ann Arbor. He afterward occupied the position
of paying and receiving teller in the First National Bank of Joliet, where he
remained four years, during which time he acquired an extensive acquaintance
throughout Will county. In the fall of 1878 he was admitted to the bar and has
since engaged in active practice, his wide acquaintance and popularity proving
important factors in the building up of a large clientage. He has long figured



THE BENCH AND BAR OF ILLINOIS. 983

prominently in political circles, and was first elected to office in 1887, when he
was made the nominee of the Republican party for city attorney of Joliet. Al-
though the city at that time usually gave a Democratic majority of from five to
six hundred, he was elected by the very flattering majority of seven hundred and
sixteen. In 1888 he was nominated for state's attorney of Will county, and at
the ensuing election led the entire state and county ticket by over eight hundred
votes. In 1892 he was renominated for that office and again led his ticket by
hundreds of votes, and is credited by the leaders of both political parties with
having saved the county ticket from defeat. One of his most brilliant political
victories was achieved in the spring of 1895, when he was the Republican nomi-
nee for mayor. Although opposed by a citizens' ticket led by a Republican, he
defeated the Democratic nominee by a majority of two hundred and sixty votes,
receiving nearly as many votes as both his opponents combined. In 1896 he
was awarded higher honors at the hands of his party, being elected attorney
general of Illinois.

As a lawyer Mr. Akin stands not only as a leader of the Will county bar,
but is accounted one of the leading representatives of the profession in northern
Illinois. As a public prosecutor he has no superior in the state, and his course
in his present office has won him the commendation of lawyers of all parties.
His conduct of municipal affairs, too, won for him the admiration of all good
citizens, regardless of party affiliation. He is a man of high character and
sterling integrity, and although he has been prominently before the people of
his county for the past ten years no breath of suspicion has ever been cast upon'
his private life or official acts. He is a man of fine appearance and pleasing
address, with a true gentleman's appreciation of genuine worth in the humblest
as well as the highest, and his uniform courtesy and kindliness have made him
very popular with all classes.

Warren W. Duncan, of the Williamson county bar, was born on a farm
in Lake Creek township, Williamson county, Illinois, January 21, 1857, and
has spent his entire life in this locality, being now numbered among the success-
ful attorneys of Marion, the county seat. His parents were Andrew J. and
Matilda A. Duncan. The father was born May 9, 1831, was reared on a farm
but since 1860 has followed general merchandising. He is descended from
Scotch ancestors, who, leaving the land of hills and heather, located in North
Carolina, whence their descendants removed to Kentucky and later to Illinois.
During his boyhood Warren Webster Duncan attended the public schools
of his native county and afterward spent five years in Ewing College, where he
pursued the seven years' mathematical course and the four years' Greek and
Latin course. In June, 1879, the college conferred upon him the degree of
Bachelor of Arts, and in 1883 that of Master of Arts. The work of the farm
was not altogether distasteful to him, but he had no inclination for mercantile
life, which his father wished him to enter, and his naturally studious disposition
inclined him to a professional career. When he announced his determination
to study law, his family and friends endeavored to dissuade him therefrom, pre-
dicting failure, but he persevered in his clearly defined course and has won a



984 THE BENCH AND BAR OF ILLINOIS.

leading place among the practitioners of his native county. He studied law
under Judge Williams, of Benton, Illinois, from May, 1881, until the fall of
1884, when he passed an examination to enter the senior class of the St. Louis
Law School, in which institution he was graduated the following June, being
one of four who graduated cum magna lauda, having made over eighty-five
per cent average on the final examinations. He was admitted to the bar by the
supreme court of Illinois, in February, 1885, and began practice in Marion,
where he has since remained. He was thoroughly prepared by a long course
of study, and his knowledge of the principles of jurisprudence, of precedents and
of decisions was very accurate and comprehensive. At that time he was five
hundred dollars in debt, and in order to secure his creditor against loss in case
of his death, he took out a life policy in the Equitable Life Insurance Company,
of New York.

In politics he is a Republican, and was elected and served as county judge
of Williamson county from December, 1886, until December, 1890. In March,
1897, he was defeated for the Republican nomination for judge of the first
judicial circuit. He was elected the Republican elector in the twenty-second
district of Illinois, in November, 1896, and was selected by the Illinois electors
as the messenger to convey the Illinois vote to Washington in the following
January. Since 1880 he has been a member of the Masonic fraternity, and since
1895 of the Knights of Pythias fraternity.

On the 2Oth of November, 1890, Judge Duncan was united in marriage
to Miss Ella Goodall, daughter of Hardin Goodall, of Marion, and they have one
child, Pauline Nail, born May 26, 1892.

Judge John J. Glenn for twenty years has been prominently associated
with the history of the judiciary of Illinois, and at the present writing, in the
fall of 1898, he is serving as appellate judge of the third district, while his marked
ability ranks him among the most distinguished and able jurists of the com-
monwealth. In the discharge of his official duties he is particularly free from
bias and prejudice and in full measure sustains the dignity, equity and impar-
tiality of the office, to which life, property, right and liberty must look for pro-
tection.

Born on the 2d of March, 1831, Judge Glenn is a native of Jeromesville,
Ashland county, Ohio, and a son of John and Anna (Johnson) Glenn. The
father was a farmer by occupation, and in the war of 1812 with Great Britain
he loyally served his country. John J. Glenn, the subject of this review, was
reared in his parents' home and acquired his preparatory mental training in the
Vermillion Institute, of Haysville, Ashland county, Ohio. He received his col-
legiate education in Miami University, of Oxford, Ohio, completing the classical
course by graduating in 1856. For two years thereafter he engaged in teaching
school, being a member of the faculty of the Logansport Academy, of Logans-
port, Indiana, for one year, at the end of which time he accepted a position in
connection with the academy of New Castle, Indiana, where he also remained
for a year. He entered upon the practice of law in Fort Wayne, Indiana, in



THE BENCH AND BAR OF ILLINOIS. 985

1858, and in May, 1860, took up his residence in Aledo, Illinois, where he re-
mained for a year, coming thence to Monmouth, where he has since made his
home. His rise at the bar of Warren county was steady, each year witnessing
marked advance to the front rank of its leading practitioners. His understanding
of the law is comprehensive and exact, his reasoning clear and cogent, and his
deductions follow in logical sequence. As he demonstrated his ability to master
the intricate problems of jurisprudence he was spoken of in connection with
judicial honors, and in 1877 was elected on the Republican ticket as judge of the
tenth judicial circuit. Two years later he was re-elected, again in 1885 and
1891, and for a fifth time was made circuit judge, having jurisdiction over the
ninth circuit. In June of the same year he was assigned to appellate-court duty
in the third district of the state of Illinois. For the duties of his profession he
has peculiar aptitude. The powers of his very vigorous mind are most happily
balanced and in the discharge of his duties he has met the full measure of public
approbation accorded to the faithful and intelligent discharge of the trusts im-
posed. His carefully prepared decisions, based upon the principles of law, com-
mand the respect and excite the admiration of his fellow members of the judiciary,
and his long continuance in office is an unmistakable evidence of the trust reposed
in him by the public.

On the I2th of August, 1856, in Fair Haven, Ohio, Judge Glenn was united
in marriage to Miss Mary J. McGaw, and they became the parents of five chil-
dren : Anna R., born June 14, 18.57; John McGaw, born November 14, 1859;
William M., who was born January 6, 1862, and died March 20, 1897; Minnie
E., who was born March 4, 1864, and died September 4, 1887; and Adelaide M.,
born October 27, 1867. In the year 1854 the Judge became a member of the
Beta Theta Pi society, with which he is still connected. Since May, 1853, ne nas
held membership relations with the Presbyterian church, and in January, 1881.
was installed as a ruling elder of the church of that denomination in Monmouth.
The Judge is a man of broad sympathy and great benevolence. Charity in its
widest and best sense is practiced by him, and his benevolence has made smooth
the rough way of many a weary traveler on life's journey. In his private life he
is distinguished by all that marks the true gentleman ; and, endowed by nature
with high intellectual qualities, to which are added the discipline and embellish-
ments of culture, his is a most attractive personality.

Hamilton K. Wheeler, of Kankakee, was born in Ballston, New York, on
the 5th of August, 1848, and is the eldest of four sons in a family of six children,
whose parents were Andrew P. and Sarah J. Wheeler, both of whom were na-
tives of Vermont. The former was a farmer by occupation, and when our sub-
ject was but four years of age removed with his family to Kankakee county,
Illinois, locating in Yellowhead township, where he resumed his farming opera-
tions. Thus was Hamilton K. Wheeler early inured to the labors attendant
upon the development of an Illinois farm. He assisted in the plowing, planting
and reaping until the late autumn and then entered the district school, where he
remained until the coming of spring necessitated his return to the plow. This
was his life until nineteen years of age. Through the four succeeding years he



986 THE BENCH AND BAR OF ILLINOIS.

devoted his time to attending or teaching school or to studying law, after which
he entered the Michigan State University, at Ann Arbor. In 1872 he was grad-
uated in the law department of that institution, and upon his return to Illinois he
took up his residence in Kankakee, where he has since made his home.

Being young, industrious and ambitious, Mr. Wheeler soon won prestige
at the bar and became recognized as the peer of his professional brethren in this
part of the state. His practice and reputation grew apace until he stands to-day,
in his mature years, an acknowledged leader of the Illinois bar. During all this
time he has, with one exception, and that only for a short time, practiced alone,
so that whatever success he has achieved is the result of his own efforts, unaided
by others. He is the general solicitor for the Indiana, Illinois & Iowa Railroad
Company, a position he has filled with marked ability for the past seventeen
years. He has a clientele of a distinctively representative character, and has won
many notable forensic triumphs in the higher courts.

Mr. Wheeler is a loyal supporter of the Republican party, and in 1884 was
elected as state senator from the sixteenth senatorial district. He espoused the
cause of General John A. Logan in his candidacy before the legislature for elec-
tion to the United States senate, and was one of the famous "103" who presented
a solid and unbroken front with each recurring ballot. In 1892 Mr. Wheeler
was nominated by his party as its candidate for congress, and in the election that
followed he was successful, defeating Colonel H. W. Snow, his Democratic



Online LibraryJohn M. (John McAuley) PalmerThe bench and the bar of Illinois : Historical and reminiscent (Volume v.2) → online text (page 52 of 83)