John M. (John McAuley) Palmer.

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existing until 1887. His next partner was Cyrus Bentley, Jr., with whom he
was associated until May, 1898, and at the present time he is alone in business.
In politics he has always been an earnest Republican.

Mr. Quigg was married April 7, 1865, to Miss Francena Pike, of Blooming-
ton, Illinois, who died in 1894, leaving a daughter.

George W. Warvelle, one of the prominent jurists and attorneys of Chicago,
and one of the best known Masons in the state of Illinois, is a native of Kenosha,
Wisconsin, born May 3, 1852, of mixed English and Irish ancestry. He ac-
quired an academical education in the schools of his native city, and at the age
of nineteen years entered the office of the late Hon. O. S. Head, of Kenosha,
and commenced the study of law. He spent the succeeding seven years in pre-
paratory study at his home and in Chicago, and in 1876 was admitted to practice
by the courts of Wisconsin. Since that time he has devoted his time and ener-
gies to his profession and has succeeded in building up a large and remunerative
practice. In 1881, realizing that his abilities demanded a larger field of work,
he removed to the city of Chicago, where he has since resided. While engaging
in general practice he has given special attention to the law of real estate, and
has appeared as counsel in a number of celebrated real-estate cases. At the out-
set of his professional career he resolved never to accept a criminal retainer, and
this rule he has never departed from.

Developing in early life a high degree of literary taste and ability, he has
naturally taken much pleasure in giving these faculties considerable scope.
Among his published works may be mentioned a treatise on "Abstracts of Title,"
which had a large sale and has passed to a second edition ; a treatise on the law
of "Vendor and Purchaser ;" and later an elementary work for the use of stu-
dents on "The Principles of Real Property." The last mentioned work has been
received with special favor by legal educators and is now used as a text-book in
many of the leading law schools of the country. Mr. Warvelle has also been con-
nected, as contributor and otherwise, with the staff of several of the leading law
journals. He has also written a number of historical and legal monographs, and



THE BENCH AND BAR OF ILLINOIS. 1159

for many years has enjoyed the distinction of being an authority upon Masonic
archaeology and cognate subjects. In recognition of his abilities in the line of
auHiorship, he has received from several collegiate institutions the honorary de-
gree of Doctor of Laws. In 1896 he received the appointment of dean of the
Chicago Law School, a position which he still holds. He is a member of several
learned societies including the American and Illinois State Bar Associations.

In 1877 Mr. Warvelle was united in marriage to Miss Lydia Bangs, of Ken-
osha, Wisconsin, and they now have five children.

In respect to the fraternal orders there are many interesting details that
might be related, but only the main outline is here given. Mr. Warvelle was
initiated into the mysteries of Masonry in Covenant Lodge, No. 526, in Chicago,
in February, 1875, and since then, by successive gradation, has advanced through
all the bodies of the York and Scottish rites, rounding out his Masonic career
in 1888, when he was crowned with the thirty-third and last degree by the su-
preme council, A. A. S. R., for the northern jurisdiction. He has been honored
with many official stations by the craft, being elected the presiding officer in all
of the bodies of both the York and Scottish rites, as well as in a number of the
grand bodies of the state. He has acquired an extended reputation as a writer
on Masonic history and jurisprudence, having made a number of valuable con-
tributions to the Masonic press on these subjects, which are deservedly held in
high esteem. He has one of the largest and finest private libraries in the city,
in all departments of literature, and in addition has made a collection of Masonic
works, which is larger and more valuable than any other in this or any of the
adjoining states, with but one exception. This latter library, comprising up-
ward of five thousand titles, is under the control and auspices of the Oriental
Consistory.

Mr. Warvelle has also been active in the charitable work of the fraternity;
was one of the founders and for the past fourteen years a trustee of the Illinois
Masonic Orphans' Home, and is president of the Illinois Masonic Home for the
Aged. He has further been identified with the social organizations of the city;
was for several years president of the Acacia Club and is an active member of
the Illinois Club.

He has thoroughly eschewed politics, and refused all offers of political pre-
ferment, but he is a fluent and easy speaker, thoroughly posted on whatever he
undertakes to treat in public, and consequently his services as an orator and
after-dinner speaker are constantly in demand.

Lester O. Goddard, a member of the firm of Custer, Goddard & Griffin, was
born in Palmyra, Wayne county, New York, in 1845, a d when a youth of ten
years accompanied his parents on their removal to Michigan. His education,
begun in the public schools of the Empire state, was continued in the common
schools of Michigan, and later was supplemented by a course in the State Uni-
versity, at Ann Arbor, where he matriculated in 1863 and was graduated in 1867,
having completed the prescribed four-years course. In 1869 he was a law stu-
dent in the same institution, and in April, 1870, he came to Chicago and entered
the office of James M. Walker, general counsel for the Chicago, Burlington &



n6o THE BENCH AND BAR OF ILLINOIS.

Quincy Railroad Company. He was with that corporation for twenty-six years
in the legal and operating departments.

In 1881 Mr. Goddard was admitted to the bar. From 1883 until 1887 he was
assistant solicitor of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad, while from
1887 until July, 1896, he was assistant to the first vice-president. At the latter
date and on the death of William J. Campbell, who had been associated with Mr.
Custer and Mr. Griffin, he became a member of the law firm of Custer, Goddard
& Griffin. He was largely induced to take this step through the solicitation of
Philip D. Armour, who had for a number of years employed the firm as general
counsel for Armour & Company. The immense volume of business done by
this company necessarily involves considerable litigation and need of legal advice,
and in this connection Mr. Goddard has been interested in very important legal
proceedings. He also carries on a private practice as a general practitioner, his
efforts, however, being principally in the department of civil law. The precision
and care with which he prepares his cases is one of the strong elements of his
success ; at the same time he is clear, concise and forcible in the presentation of
the matter under consideration. His long connection in the line of his chosen
calling with the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company is unmis-
takable evidence of his ability.

In October, 1871, Mr. Goddard was united in marriage to Miss Martha E.
Sterling, of Monroe, Michigan. He is a member of the Chicago and Union
League Clubs, and in social life has that popularity which arises from a genial
nature, kindly manner, strong intellectual endowments and entire freedom from
ostentation.

Frederick S. Baird is personally popular and his standing at the bar is high,
owing to an irreproachable character and to a comprehensive and exact knowl-
edge of the science of law and a masterful application of its principles to the
litigated interests entrusted to his care.

Mr. Baird was born in Alden, McHenry county, Illinois, February 17, 1852,
and when twenty years of age came to Chicago, in September, 1872. He studied
law in the office and under the direction of the firm of Runyan, Avery, Loomis &
Comstock, and after winning a diploma from the Union College of Law, was
admitted to the bar September 9, 1874. He then became a member of the
law firm of Baird & Lansing, and has been an active practitioner at the Chicago
bar for almost a quarter of a century. He has succeeded in winning a very ex-
tensive clientage, and in the trial of a case his comprehensive knowledge of the
law is manifest and his application of legal principles demonstrates the wide
range of his professional acquirements.

Mr. Baird has long been recognized as a leader in Republican ranks in Cook
county. Elected to the thirty-fourth general assembly of Illinois, he was one
of the "103" who elected John A. Logan to the United States senate, in May,
1885, and in 1892 he was a district delegate to the Republican national conven-
tion in Minneapolis. He was appointed a Republican election commissioner in
April, 1895, and has since been chairman of the board. In the spring of 1898
he was nominated for judge of the superior court. His ability, his just concep-



THE BENCH AND BAR OF ILLINOIS. 1161

tion of the scope and purpose of the law and his firm adherence to all that he
believes to be just and right, these qualities certainly make him well able to dis-
charge any official duties.

On the gth of November, 1876, Mr. Baird married Miss Hattie E. Rogers,
of Warren, Illinois, and they have seven children. Mr. Baird is a member and
trustee of the Menoken Club, a member of the Garfield Gun Club, and has for
years been active in the protection of game and birds. While in the legislature
in 1885 he drew and introduced the bill which became our present game warden
act. Since 1886 he has been a member of the board of trustees of the Central
Park Presbyterian church, and at all times is earnest and active in support of
those measures which he believes will prove of public benefit.

John P. Ahrens. In the legal profession of Chicago, which embraces many
of the most brilliant minds of the nation, it is difficult to win a name and a place
of prominence. Many aspire, but few attain. In commercial life one may start
out on a more elevated plane than others : may enter into a business already
established and carry it still further forward. But this is not hue in the case of
the lawyer. One must commence at an initial point, must plead and win his first
case and work his way upward by ability, gaining his reputation and success, if
at all, by merit. People do not place their legal business in unskilled hands ; it
is the man of power before judge and jury who commands public patronage.
Of this class Mr. Ahrens is an illustrious type. He began as all others do in the
practice of law, and his present success has come to him as the reward of earnest
endeavor, fidelity to trust and recognized ability.

Mr. Ahrens is a native of Germany, born October i, 1851, and a son of Ed-
ward and Elizabeth M. (Paulsen) Ahrens. His father followed farming in the
land of his nativity, but. in 1855 came with his family to America, taking up his
residence in Davenport, Iowa, where he engaged in the sash, door and blind
business. John P. Ahrens was then but four years of age. He acquired a fair
English education in the public schools of that city, and thinking to enter pro-
fessional life he began the stud}' of law in the office of General J. B. Leake, of
Davenport, Iowa, in 1868. He was admitted to the Chicago bar in 1873, and
during that and the following year held the position of deputy in the office of the
clerk of the superior court of Cook county. This gave him a practical insight
into the workings of the courts and ably supplemented his theoretical knowledge
acquired in the office of his preceptor.

In 1875 Mr. Ahrens entered upon the regular practice of law, and in 1879
the firm of Bisbee & Ahrens was organized. In 1885 they were joined by Henry
Decker under the firm style of Bisbee, Ahrens & Decker, a partnership that was
maintained until Mr. Decker's death, in June, 1890. In December, following, the
partnership of Bisbee & Ahrens was dissolved and the latter has since been alone
in business. He is known as a general practitioner and is familiar with and pro-
ficient in all departments of jurisprudence: yet his specialty, if he has any, is law
relating to real estate. As a lawyer he is straightforward and devoid of trickery,
and his evident ability has secured him a representative clientage.

On the 24th of October, 1877, Mr. Ahrens was united in marriage to Miss



1 162 THE BENCH AND BAR OF ILLINOIS.

Fannie Hamblin, of Portland, Maine, and their children are Edith L., Leila M.,
Edward H. and John P., Jr. The parents hold membership in the First Baptist
church, and Mr. Ahrens is a Republican in his political preferences. He also
belongs to legal and fraternal societies, including the City Bar Association and
the Law Institute, Apollo Commandery of Knights Templar, Ancient Order of
LTnited Workmen, Royal Arcanum, Royal League, National Union and the In-
dependent Order of Mutual Aid.

John J. Herrick, a member of the law firm of Herrick, Allen, Boyesen &
Martin, whose standing is second to none in Chicago* was born in Hillsboro, Illi-
nois, on the 25th of May, 1845, an< 3 m ms early youth was brought to Chicago,
where for thirteen years his father, Professor William B. Herrick, M. D., was
the well known occupant of the chair of anatomy and materia medica in Rush
Medical College, being also elected to the presidency of the State Medical So-
ciety of Illinois.

Mr. Herrick of this review began his education in Chicago, where he at-
tended both public and private schools, but at the age of twelve years he accom-
panied his parents on their removal to Maine. From 1857 until 1865 he con-
tinued his studies in the academy at Lewiston Falls, Maine, and by this thorough
preparatory training was fitted for college. The latter year witnessed his en-
trance into Bowdoin College, in which he was graduated in 1866, with the degree
of Bachelor of Arts, and then he sought a field of labor in the west. Returning
to Chicago, he secured a position as teacher in the public schools of Hyde Park,
which at that time was a separate corporation from Chicago, and while thus en-
gaged in educational work he took up the study of law and at the close of his
school year was matriculated in the Chicago Law School and also became a
student in 'the law office of Higgins, Swett & Quigg. In the spring of 1868 he
was graduated, but continued with that firm, learning the practical side of his
profession, until 1871, when, just before the fire, he opened a law office on his
own account. Since that time he has been continually before the public eye, not
by reason of any desire on his part for notoriety but because ability of the high
order that he possesses cannot fail to attract attention. He stands to-day among
the most prominent members of the bar, for he has a most comprehensive and
accurate knowledge of the science of jurisprudence, and his application to the
points in litigation is governed by a sound judgment that seldom errs. He is
concise, earnest, logical and forceful, and the profession, as well as the public,
accord him rank among those of distinguished ability at the bar.

In 1878 Mr. Herrick formed a partnership with Wirt Dexter, one of the
eminent lawyers of the country, and in 1880 they were joined by Charles L. Allen
under the firm name of Dexter, Herrick & Allen, a connection that was con-
tinued until the death of Mr. Dexter, in May, 1890. The other two partners then
carried on the business of the firm until May, 1893, when they were joined by I.
K. Boyesen and subsequently by Horace H. Martin, under the name of Herrick,
Allen, Boyesen & Martin. Few firms have received more practice in which
greater interests are at stake, both private and corporate, and few have won a
greater reputation for successful achievement in such cases. This is due in no



THE BENCH AND BAR OF ILLINOIS. 1163

small degree to the wise counsel of Mr. Herrick, as the senior member of the
firm. The important litigation with which he has been connected includes the
Taylor and Storey will cases; that of Divine versus the People in the matter of
the county commissioners' bond voting being constitutional ; the great clash of
eastern, English and Chicago capital in the stock-yards cases ; those regarding
the rights of foreign corporations in Illinois, heard before the state and United
States supreme courts ; those of the Burlington Railway system, touching con-
stitutional rights in Nebraska and Iowa, also before the United States supreme
court, and the leading case in regard to preferences in assignments of Spaulding
versus Preston ; the case of People ex rel. versus Kirk, involving the constitu-
tionality of the act authorizing the extension of boulevards over the waters of
Lake Michigan and the rights of riparian owners under the act, and the elevators
cases, involving important questions as to the rights and powers of elevator pro-
prietors under the Illinois constitution and the warehouse act ; as well as many
others.

Mr. Herrick is a very prominent member of the Chicago Bar Association
and the Law Institute and has been honored with high offices in these organiza-
tions. He also belongs to the Citizens' Association, the Chicago Literary So-
ciety and the University and Chicago Clubs. He is a gentleman of scholarly
tastes and broad general information, arising from a comprehensive familiarity
with the best writings of all ages. ' A man of fine qualities, he is social, generous
and genial, and with his rare fund of knowledge and his conversational powers
is a most agreeable companion.

Robert Rae, a member of the Chicago bar whose identification therewith
covers a period of forty-three years, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,
October 3, 1830. In David Stroud's Academy, at Westchester, Pennsylvania,
he pursued his preliminary education and in 1844 entered Lafayette College.
His choice of vocation fell upon the law. His preparatory reading was pursued
in the office and under the direction of John Cadwallader, a prominent attorney
of Philadelphia, and in 1851 he was admitted to the bar.

For two years Mr. Rae practiced in Philadelphia and then removed to Erie,
Pennsylvania, where he edited the Erie Chronicle, in the interest of the Sunbury
& Erie Railroad. On the breaking out of the Mexican war he volunteered and
was appointed lieutenant in a Washington regiment, remaining in the service un-
til the close of the contest.

In 1855 Mr. Rae resumed the practice of law, in Chicago, and for some
seventeen years made a specialty of insurance and admiralty practice, in which
he soon won renown. Later he gave his attention to general practice. He was
counsel for the plaintiff in the case of Walker versus the Western Transportation
Company, involving the right of congress to limit the liability of ship-owners,
reported in Wallace's Reports, volume 5, and was successful in the suit. In the
case of Aldrich versus the Etna Insurance Company, reported by Wallace, the
decision, based on his argument, established the doctrine of the exclusive right
of congress to legislate over the paper to vessels engaged in foreign or inter-
state commerce. The case was taken from the New York court of appeals,



u64 THE BENCH AND BAR OF ILLINOIS.

where the right had been denied, and he succeeded in having the decision of the
New York court reversed. This established the present law ruling in all similar
cases. Mr. Rae was also counselor for the Galena Packet Company against the
Rock Island Bridge Company. He was instrumental in having the United
States courts abolish the twelfth rule in admiralty, which denied the jurisdiction
in rem of the admiralty court in cases of supplies furnished domestic vessels,
which overruled a series of decisions from the time of the case of the General
Smith until this change in the rule. He obtained a charter from the state of Illi-
nois for the establishment of the chamber of commerce for Chicago, which he
organized, and for which he acted as secretary one year, without remuneration,
taking an active part in the purchase of grounds and the erection of buildings.

During the Civil war Mr. Rae suspended his law practice and entered the
army as colonel of the Douglas brigade, in Chicago, being in command of Camp
Douglas until 1863, when he resigned. Returning to his profession he continued
to make a specialty of admiralty and marine-insurance law until after the great
fire, when he gave his attention to general practice.

In October, 1873, he called a meeting to organize and deliberate for the pur-
pose of building a new rail route from Chicago to Charlestown, and the result
was the organization of the Chicago & South Atlantic Railroad Company, of
which Mr. Rae was elected vice-president. He is largely interested in railroad
and telegraph companies, and his superior executive ability has enabled him to
carry to successful completion a large proportion of the enterprises with which
he has been connected.

In the spring of 1882 Mr. Rae went to London and argued a case in the
English court of commissions, involving one hundred thousand pounds sterling
and interest. He was employed in the interests of the American Beard of Under-
writers and was the first American lawyer who had ever appeared in any case in
that court; he won his case and received high encomiums for his effort. He
then visited Fishmongers' Hall and attended the convention of the shipbuilders
of the world and took drafts and copies of models from the earliest ages. He
wrote a letter to the American government, urging that photographs be taken
of all the principal models of ships and expressing regret that not a single Ameri-
can model was represented in the convention, and also urged upon the govern-
ment to build a dozen or more first-class passenger steamers, suitable for use in
time of war, for the defense of our seaports and commerce, and to employ the
officers of the navy to navigate them, carrying freight and passengers in the time
of peace, in order that the shipbuilders of America might be justified in obtain-
ing the most improved tools and machinery to be used in the manufacture of ves-
sels, and that the earnings of the vessels which should carry our produce and
travelers to foreign countries might be retained in this country.

Of late years Mr. Rae has devoted his attention largely to litigation concern-
ing real-estate interests and has conducted some of the most celebrated trials of
this character heard in Chicago. These include the Jackson Park-Phillips case,
the John A. Washington will case, the Yail-Drexel case, involving title to South
Lynn ; and the Vail-Ingleheart case, involving the title to Fernwood. He also



THE BENCH AND BAR OF ILLINOIS. 1165

represented the heirs of George W. Gage in the supreme court of the United
States, involving some six hundred and forty acres within the city limits and
claimed to be owned by Mrs. Hetty R. Green, involving in value some five mil-
lion dollars; also the celebrated Spanish land-grant claim called the "Brecito"
in New Mexico, involving some twenty million dollars. His practice in the
United States supreme court, extending through more than thirty years, has
been larger than that of any other lawyer in the northwest. Mr. Rae was mar-
ried in 1850 to Miss Sarah Moulson, of Philadelphia, and they had six children.

Richard Watson Barger, son of Rev. John S. and Sarah Lee (nee Baker)
Barger, was born in a log cabin in the village of Waynesviile, De Witt county,
Illinois, November n, 1847. His father was a Virginian and his mother a Ken-
tuckian.

At the outbreak of the Civil war Mr. Barger, although only a lad, became
drummer boy in Company K of the Seventy-third Regiment Illinois Volunteer
Infantry, of which regiment his father was chaplain. He was not enlisted at this
time, because of his lack of years, and only remained with this body until after
the battle of Perryville, Kentucky. March 5, 1864, though then less than seven-
teen years old, he succeeded in enlisting as a recruit in Company D of the First
Battalion of Cavalry of the Mississippi Marine Brigade, the duty of this corps
being to keep open the Mississippi river from St. Louis to New Orleans, in order
that traffic might not be endangered from the attacks of the Confederate guer-
rillas. This service, of a perilous nature, was a continual series of engagements,
which, though small, and might more properly, perhaps, be called skirmishes,
were remarkable in that the number of killed and wounded was always large in
proportion to the number engaged. The most important engagements that Mr.



Online LibraryJohn M. (John McAuley) PalmerThe bench and the bar of Illinois : Historical and reminiscent (Volume v.2) → online text (page 76 of 83)