This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project
to make the world's books discoverable online.
It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover.
Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the
publisher to a library and finally to you.
Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying.
We also ask that you:
+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for
personal, non-commercial purposes.
+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help.
+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it.
+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe.
About Google Book Search
Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web
at http : //books . google . com/|
! ■ i
Digitized by VnOO^ iC
Digitized by VnOOQ iC
Digitized by VnOOQ iC
Digitized by VnOOQ iC
Digitized by VnOOQ iC
TOE WEW YU»
Digitized by VnOOQ iC
Digitized by VnOOQ iC
A Complete Guide to the Almanack:
CONTAINING AN EXPLANATION
Quints: 3a^0 anti f^Wmim;
WITH ILLUSTRATIONS OF BRITISH HISTfHlY AND ANTIQUITIRS,
NOTICES OF OBSOLETE RITES AND GUSTUlfS,
SKETCHES OF COMPARATIVE CHRONOLOGY,
IN EVERY MONTH,
COJfPRISIHC RBMAJlKt OM THB PSBHOiaMA OF TKS CELBtTIAL BODIES:
THE NATURALISTS DIARY;
BBPCAIWIliO TDB TABIOUt
AFP^RAKCES IJf TIIE ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE KINGDOMS.
With a Description of Culinary Vegetables,
To which are prefixed,
A BRIEF HISTORY OF
Cngltfift iracrrlP 3^ortrp
"BY RICHARD RYAK ; '^
The InqmsiHon of the Year, a Poem, by J. H. Wiffen ;
A POETICAL ADDRE
UY ALEXANDER BALFOUR;
v^. M: Published Anmaliy.
* *®^* Digitized by GoOglC
r^^TED FOR SHER^VOPD, lONES, AND CO.
enteteo at ^tatiotter^* l^ad.
James i[^ompton, Printer, Jl||gddte
Digitized by VnOOQ iC
Description of the Frontispirce.
The Frontispiece^ which is illustrative of the Intro-
duction to our present Volume^ presents to our view
the Sacred AUar, upon which are seen the Holy Bible
and Sacramental Cup ; it is surmounted by the Cfross,
and supported on each side by figures of Religion and
Faith. Religion is pointing upwards to an etpotheo-
sis of King David playing upon the Harp — the bright-
est example of religious poetic inspiration, — and ("as a
type of Christ) He is surrounded by a circle of Cher
rubhnsy and is irradiated by beams of glory descending
from a celestial Crown.
Digitized by VnOOQ IC " ""'
Notice qf Tim*8 Telescope for 1824.
[From the Literary Olio, Ko. 18, pobltshed at Dvndee.]
' At this season, to lay before our readers a review of an annual
work, published about the commencement of the New Year, may be
thought like presenting them with a Chrigtmas Rifte, «r a Twelfth
Cake at Af icZnumner ; yet, such as had heyer seen the one nor tasted
the other, although our gift should seem out of season, might thank
us for having afforded them a new pleasure. We therefore direct
their attention to a publication, which, to many of them, may be as
much a novelty, as till lately it was to ourselves ; and this we do
with theipnsater confidenoe, from the c o ns cio usness of not only put-
ting thfem in possession of a' new enjoyment, but one that is in sea-
son all the year rouad.
'Timers Telescope for 1824 is an annual publication, the first vo-
lume of which appeared in 1814 : and whoever first formed the j^n of
the work^ we c^stder H a most * felicitous conception ;' for we do not
recollect a volione in the English language, of equal size, comprising
so ttuch entertainment and instmetion, or in which they are so de-
lightfully a«d systematically blended. We have seen several vij-
iumes of mis wosk ; and de netliesitete to say, that /rem tfce chM^
who can read and reliih a fairy tale, to the grepheard, who Juup/uted
^ prand eftiiMotaric, «vefiy mtonmeitate offe wiUJbud hoth ammc m e n t
* ]&4»ving this vainable publication iat less knewn in this qfuarter
than h deserves, we shall endeavour to lay before our readers an
Otttilfte of. the plan | «t tbe wamt time ebaerving, that our mea^te
sketch will afford a very imperfeet idea of the work, as will be found
on perusal; as>e w1k> eontenqdatcts a skeleton, may judge of iu
symmetry and perfections, but can form no adequate conception of
its appearance, when animated, m the w%DiMr of healtb and glow of
* Time's Telescope^ibieAy consists of aCalendar, ammgedaceo*d-
2ng tQ the order of the months, each of which is divided into three de-
partments. The- Calendar b^ns, by explaining the origin of the
name, and the emblems by which the month is represented ; then the
first department commences, under the title of
'rbmabkablb days. ,
* This comprehends not only all the Festivals and Holidays of the
different Christian churches, but also the fabled legends of saints, su-
perstitions, and traditionary and remarkable customs of our ances-
tors. The celebration of the numerous Festivals in the Romish church
is detailed, sometimes at great length, by CKtracts from Authors and
Travellers of respectability, in different countries. Many antient
and now nearly obsolete customs are explained and pourtrayed.
This department of the Calendar proceeding by the days of the month,
also contains a memoir of such celebrated characters as have died
in the preceding year, including such, in all a^pes, as may have been
celebrated or eccentric; also occasional notices of living authors,
with curious selections of remarkable events, which have occurred
in past and present times : hence this department may be consider-
ed as an epitome of Hiitory, Antiquitie$y and Biography.
Notice of Time's Telescope Jar 1824.
' The second division of the month is titled
' ASTBOHOMICAL OCCURREMCES.
* These are arranged under the following heads : Obliquity of the
Ecliptic-^ Solar Phenomena, with Tables for the Equation of Time^-
Lunar Phenomena, noting the time of the Moon's phases and passage
over the Meridian—- Phenomena Planetamm, comprising the phases
of Venns — ^Eclipses of Jupiter's Satellites — €k>njunction of the Moon
with the Planets and Stars ; with many useful Astronomical Ta-
bles j generally concluding with some pious and philosophical re-
*The third and last division of the Calendar is designated
'the hatokalist's diary.
* This is indeed a wilderness of sweets, in which we delight to lin-
ger, every sense regaled but still unsated. - We gaze on the gay par-
terre, saunter across the flowery plain, or climb the shrub-clad
<^>^£»£ry steep. We recline in the embowering shade, listening to
every songster of th« wood, admiring the beauty and inhaling the
fragrance of Nature's variegated sweets blooming around us ; we
sink with delicious languor on the new-made hay $ and look with
delight on the varieties of rural labour. We pick hop$ in Kent ; cull
applee^ mmd make eider ^ tn DevonsAtre,* or gather grapee en the
vtne-dad kHU in the eeuth of France. We harpoon whaiee in the
Arctic seat} and haul the herring nettf on the coaste of Britain.,
All this may betaken for hyperbole, or poetical embellishment, but
is nevertheless literally true ; for all this, and much more, is to be
found in the Naturalist's Diary. There we find a description of the
soil and season of trees, shrubs, plants, and flowers, found in Britain,
indigenous or exotic ; not only .from the cedar of Lebanon, to the
hyssop, on the wall, but to the lichen on the rock, and the delicate
moss, whose vegetation is too minute for the human eye. There the
haunts and habits of the winged fowl, wild and domestic, are de-
scribed, from the eagle on Bennevis, to the humming bird in the fo-
rests of the New World ; when they begin to hatch and cease to sing;
with particulars of the emigratory tribes. Time's Telescope may
also be termed a Microeeope ; for it exhibits to us, in new beauties,
the various and wonderful metamorphoses of the gaudy butterfly ;
shows the gay ephemeron, whose age of happiness is limited to sport-
ing for a few hours in the beams of one diurnal sun ; and there we
have displayed the innumerable host of animalcula that mock the
keenest eye, till assisted by the solar microscope. We do not say that
all this is to be found in the volume before us ; but all that we have
mentioned, we have perused with delight, in this, and those of pre-
ceding years. The Naturalist's Diary exhibits on every page a lu-
cid and pleasing picture of the grand operations of Nature, parti-
cularly in the animal and vegetable kingdoms ; with the ordinary
and uncommon phenomena which she sets before us, all displayed
in that elegant simplicity and loveliness which gives a graphic reality
to the painting, and irresistibly fixes the attention ; the whole being
embellished and enriched with almost innumerable quotations, most
appropriately selected, from antient and modem poets, didactic,
descriptive, or pathetic, according to the subject, including many
fugitive gems of exquisite beauty. It ought also to be mentioned,
NoiUe €f Time's 7VIeM»pe/or 1824.
that, io this departmeiit« every -pfanit andwiknal if dlitttoguished
both by its common BngUtfaand alto its ^deatific name, by which
the Teadcar is amused aad tnfonned at the same mmneat.
* Such are the three departments of ev«ry month ; Imt tiiere are
other^ and by no means triti«l aocorapattinwnts i eereiy - volnme that
we have seen, iaolndes anJiilr«diieHon,aentatnin9a ceaoise, bat rich
and luminpus system of some bcnneb aSNatmrml flMoty; also many
curious and useful tUustrations in the Beieneeof Afttffottomy, exclu-
sive of those notieed in .the Calendar. The Introduction to the to-
lume for the present year is, Oveltnet of HiU&rieal and Pkytieml
Oeograj^y wtmgtmg ^f ISB ^090, h^ Dr. Blfymf^: it is compre-
hensive, perspicuous, and pleasantly written ; containing many
CftCtSi and much sdenttfie information, nnknowato youth ; and much
which may not luive come under tbe notice or hare e«caped firoai
the meoftory of mature age : it contains, also, Astronomioal Refec-
tions on the Starry Hearens, continued from last year. Ercpry vo-
luxnehasnbeaatiAd/ronN^teeeyiUuatrative of the sabjeet treated
of in the Int»odnction : tiiat before us, is ornamented with a fine me-
daUion head of Capt. Parry, surrounded witii appropriate emblems ;
and a .Tignette* representing the Hecla and Oriper tn the frozen
regions. It eontahss also an introductory poem, oallad <* Viowvrs;*'
consisting of nineteen Spenserian stanzas, written eocpfeesly for the
publication by Bernard Barton, the eelebrated Quaker Poet.
* Such i» the general oatline of the rolnme of Time's Telescope now
on our table; and we rely with. oonAdence, that endi readers as are
alreadjr acquainted with the work, will not only exoose, bit^ approve
of the niiauteneBS we have exercised, for the purpose of exhibiting a
storehouse of pleasant and tnnoceut entertainment, interspersed with
much nseful infonnatian, to the view of those who may yet be igno-
rant of its existenoe.
' We bAve already pronounced the planx>f the work << a felicitous
conci^ption ;" but as it is much easier to plan thisn to execute, we
must do the Editor the justice to say, that he deserves unqualified
praisct for indnstrious research and j udidous selection. The nume-
rous poetical flowers, with whieh it is both ornamented and enrich-
ed, evince thepnrity of hb literary and moral taste. Like tbe bee,
he has xofved abroad and at home, collecting his treasures ili-om the
rich hlosMMzs in the cultivated garden, and the wild flowers in the
pathless desert; always, with becoming candour and modesty, ac-
knowledging the field from whence he culled his sweeU; by which,
thoae who Are pleased with his banquet, know the sources from which
he catered. He deserves still higher praite, for the pure and exalttfd
strain of rational piety which pervades the work; the sublime no-
tions of tbe Oreat First Cause, which are every vfhere inculcated ;
and thfoughout the whole an obvious tendency to render the wis-
dom and goodness of the Deity conspicuous, tn his worke of creation
and protldence. ,
< To dtseorate ihe path which leads to the Temple of Knowledge
with evergt«mi shrubs, and amaranthine flowers, tff endless variety,
and of i^eaemgrfcagrance, whieh stimulate the senses to still farther
exertion, ^retwithont one blossom of a noxious quality, ie so highly
lau4abl«, thathe who can accomplish this, to use a phrase which was
Notices of T%m e'9 TeU&eopefirr 18S4.
«n«c pn>siit«tefl/<<lesenref well ofhw country ;" and is the friend of
all ranksy firom the monarch on his throne, to the peasant in his cot-
tage i for Knowledge is the hand-maid of Wiadom, who makes peace-
able subjects and good members of society .
'Now, we do think that Time's Telescope ha« a direct tendency
to promote all this 5 for amidst ^e almost infinite number of publi-
cations, of jniaceUaneoiu information, and for inciting a spirit of in*»
quiiy and deeper inrestigation in youth, without ought tfantcan con-
tammate the mind, we know not one better adapted than that of
which we write ; nor one that a father could with greater sj^fety .place
m the Ikmily parlour; or a friend present in its season, with more
sa^sfaction and credit to himself. In all whooU and iemmaries of
ednmH&ny where EngUtk b6duare awarded as prizes formerttwritms
4Vpifeafi<m, Time'e Telescope should have a place among those disirt-
butedf and we have no hesUation in saying, that^ nine times out of
tern, UwoM be hi^ii9 esteemed.
* But it48 also deterring of a place in the libraries of «* grave and
xev^rend seniors," at a book of reference, in Chronology, Biogra-
phy, Aatiqnitiesy and obsolete Customs, and in almost every branch
of Natural History: while be who formerly delighted to climb the
airy steep, or brush the dewy lawn, rejoicing in "each rural sight,
each rural sound,'* now confined to his elbow chair, with his gouty
foot resting on « cushioned stool, will wipe hit speetacles, and in
perusing the Naturalist's IMary, alternately smiling and sighing^
wiU think of the joys and friendship ofauld langsyne ; and like the
Greenwich or Chelsea pensioner, reading a narratire of the cam-
pai^s in which he senred, will, fot a moment, live his youthful days
again.'— iiterory OUo, No. 12.
* Time's Telescope is really so meritorious a work, that we cannot
refoae it the meed of a wilting gift,— unfeigned praise. Like its ten
predecessors, this eleventh annual volume is an entertaining and
well-selected miscellany from the good things of past Ifterature, to-
gether with original productions of congenial character,' — Literary
Gazette, Nmf. 22, 1823.
' This work displays the same pleasing variety as- was exhibited
in the former volumes. It is one of those delightftil hetoks which is
always welcome to us.'— Xtfarafy Chronicle, Nov. 2S), 1803.
* Id addition to the articles of information and amusement which
thAlbrraer Tolames of this useful work contain, we are presented
with It very elaborate essay on the << Outlines of Historical and
Physical Geography." It appears to be accurate in its facts and
reasoning, audit written in a pleasing style. Altogether, Time's
Telescope is a work which deserves the highest patronage ; and that
it has raceiTed such patronage, is evident from the €Mt, that the
presest Toluae is quite equal, if not superior to its predecessors.'—
UUrewy Mwsewn, Nm). 80, 1823.
* This useful and agreeable little work, which is at once an annual
and a peremsml in the garden of periodical literature, has aow
reaeh«d the eleventh year of its revival, and yet still appears nnder
a »aw aspect. U it <Un«th«r yet the same"— <' an old friend with
Notices qflhne's Telescope for 1824.
a new face"— and yet the better, infttead of the worse on that ac-
count.'— JNcir Mmitkly Magaxiney Jan. I, 1834*
* We have more than once noticed the former vdlumes of this
very agreeable miscellany, and we must do the ingenious Editor the
justice to repeat, that his eleventh volume is by no means inferior in.
point of merit or variety to its predecessors. The work is, indeed,
kept up with great spirit, and no pains have been spared to render
it as useful as it is entertaining.' — Eclectic Reviewy Jan, 1, 1824.
* This volume, like its ten elder brethren, cannot fail of proving
a very acceptable annual present. The Editor deserves commenda-
tion for considerable tact in selecting what is not only entertaining at
the moment, but useful in affording solid information — and, what is
highly praiseworthy, likely to lead the mind from Nature up to
Nature's God,*— Gentleman* 8 Magazine, December 1823.
* Thenumber of Time's Telescope for. the ensuing year is quite
equal to its predecessors : there is no work of the kind with which
we are acquainted, that contains such a variety of apposite and in-
teresting matter : it is a work at once remarkable for ingenuity and
industry.'— Twines, Nov. 22, l623.
* We have given the title-page of this work almost at full lengthy
in order that those of our readers who were not induced by our ac-
count of the two preceding volumes (for 1822 and 1823) to form a
personal acquaintance with it^ may afconce perceiv^e its nature j and
may be prepared by a bill of fare so very inviting to the mental ap-
petite, for that feast of varied information and entertainment which
it provides. The ejrecution, we can assure them, does justice to the
plan of this very interesting publication ; and continues to be highly
creditable to the elegant taste and literary diligence of the respect-
able compiler. We cordially renew our former recommendations of
it, especially to young persons of education and intelligence.' —
Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine^ January 1824.
* This annual repository is replete with useful and pleasing histo-
rical and antiquarian illustrations of the CsilendaT,* -^Encyclopadia
Metropolitana, art. Calendar.
' It is not merely an erudite and intelligent companion to the Al-
manack of the year, but it brings before its readers many important
novelties in science ; while the present volume is enriched by an able
view of Physical Geography, and particularly by some curious facts
, resulting from the New Voyage of Discovery in the Arctic Regions.'
—Monthly Magazine^ Dec' lyiaSiS,
■* The character of Time's Telescrope is maintained by undiminish-
ed and even improved excellence. We have still th^ same judici-
ous selection of the subjects, best calculated to afford innocent
amusement at the present hour, adorned and rendered valuable by
. those moral and religious principles- which lay the foundation of en-
during virtue and happiness.' — St» Jamet^i Chronicle , Jan, 10, 1824.
' We have, for some years past, annnaily called the attentionof
our readers to this entertaining and instructive publication-; and we
have, on former occasions,- borneour testimony to its merits tn'terms
. Notieei qf liwe't Thk&cope for 1824.
so uoeqaiyocal and deomve, UuHt we may be allowed to esctite our-
selves, io the present instancey from saying more in its faTonr, than
that the volmne before ti% ably supports the h^^ii honoors w^ch ha^re
been gained by its predecessors. '~jV«w EvangeUedl MMgaximf Jam,
'This is an interesting Aannal Work.' -^iciemwHifi'j Mojfazinef
' nine's Telescope improTes wsth«qrery annual appearance. The
present voluase is full of various and entertaining matter.' - Covri^r,
DecmmierlZfVidlhMmPatrfoi, Bee. 18, I8S8.
' This is a well conducted, interesting, and useful annual publica-
' Hiis is an elegant and interesting Christmas present for young
persons who have a taste for scientific pursuits and useful knowledge,
untinecnred by scepticism or infidelity. '->i9i^j?2em«ttf to theJEvang^li^
eid Mm^azine/or 1823.
Notices of Time's Telescope Jor 1823.
« Ifthe times are not better, still it must be owned that their Tele-
scope is improving annoally. Indeed, we think this little work de«
serves peculiar credit for its constant Tariety, whilst still preserving
the oT^nial plan on which it started.' — ffew Monthly Magazine,
' We have now had the gra.tificatiou of approving the design anA
execution of this useful annual work for ten succeeding y«ars; and
can safely assert that the present volume is inferior to lidire of its
predecessors. Novelty has been so studiously considered, that each
volume is almost entirely a new work. The poetical selections are
numerous and judiciously introduced.^ — GewtUman^i Mtigazine, De-
* We sire acquainted with no annual work which has united so
many suffrages in its favour as Time's Telescope. The present
publication does not derogate from the character of its predecessors,
but is indeed an agreeable and instructive miscellany.'— iLiferary
Gazette, JDecember 7, 1822.
' Thia ingenious work is really worthy of public attention.'-* Jo&ii
* This pnblicatioa will convey, to young persons of intelligence
and iidocation, mudi entertaining and useful information, without
that corrupting admixture of unsound principles, or improper allu^
sions, by which so largest portion of the current literature of our times
is unhappily debased.'— We$ley an Methodist Mogaxme^Jnm^ 1823.
< This is an entertaining and instructive annual work.'« - <Coiir<er,
* W« have often bad oecafnoo to notice the periodical appearance
of this nsofdl nfork : in ^e <raftety and anmsing quality of its con-
tents, ve know few works wbidi can bear a comparison with Time's
TekMOpe. We notiee, with particular commendation, the poetical
. Notices qf Time's Telescope fir 1823.
taste of the Editor, who has selected from the fugitive verses of the
day many very beantifai and interesting specimens. The scientifio
departmeht is got up with the same fidelity and cleverness which dis-
tinguished the former numbets of Time's Telescope.' — Monthly
Magazine, Jan, 1833.
* This is a very amusing book, and full of information on a variety
of common-place topics, which people have in their mouths every