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firs and larch, one of the latter, cut
for the Caledonian Rly., measuring
106 ft. of solid timber.

8 m. Shielhill, a hamlet on the
banks of the Water of Ae.

10 m. Amisfield Stat., to the right
of which is Glenae, the seat of the
Earl of Carnwath.

S. Scotland. Route 5. — JFamphmy ; Beattock.


The line then runs down the
valley of the Lochar, crossing it at

12 m, Locharbriggs, leaving the
village of Timvald to the left.

14 m. Dumfries Terminus (Ete.

Soon after quitting Lockerbie the
rly. to Glasgow crosses the Dryffe
Water hy a lofty viaduct, reaching

28| m. Kcthercleugh Stat. Be-
tween this and Dinwoodie Stat, on
left is the Annan Water, and on its
left bank Jardine Hall, the residence
of Sir Alex. Jardine. On the right
bank is Sped/ins Toicer, once the
residence of the Jardines of Apple-
garth, a massive quadrangular struc-
ture, with circular turrets at the
angles. Over the gateway is the
date 1605, probably the year when
it was last repaired.

The geological features from Loch-
maben up to this point are those of
Permian sandstones. In the quarry
of Corncockle, which is overlooked
by Spedlin's Tower, the late Sir
Wm. Jardine found tracks of an im-
mense extinct tortoise, which has
been named "Chelichnys Titan."

Beyond Dimcoodie, 32 m., the An-
nan approaches more closely to the
line, and affords manv a good view of
its windings. As tfie watershed is
approached the hills draw in, and the
Avhole character of the scenery is

345 m. Wamphray Stat. To the
right of this, 1 m., is the village
and ch. of JVam^phray, picturesquely
situated in a deep dell by the side
of Wamphrav AVater, which rises
to the N.E. in Loch Fell, 2956 ft,
the same that gives birth to the
Ettrick Water.

On the Wamphray are some small
waterfalls, known as the Pot, the
Washing-tub, and Dubb's Caldron.
The village is the scene of the ballad
'' The Lads of Wamphray."

[To the left, 3 m., is Lochwood
Tower, situated in a gi'ove of ancient
oaks, long the principal abode of the
Johnstones. It was surrounded by
bogs and impassable ground, so that
James VI. declared that '* whoever
built Lochwood was a knave at
heart." It was burnt by the Max-
wells in 1592, an outrage which was
fearfully avenged by the Johnstones
at the battle of Lochmaben, and led
to the almost total extermination of
tlie Maxwells at that of Dryffesands.
To the S., at the foot of Minnygap
Hill, is Rae Hills (J. J. Hope- John-
stone, Esq. of Annandale), built by
the 3d Earl of Hopetoun in 1786.
It is a modern castellated mansion,
with pleasant wooded grounds on
the banks of the Kinnel.]

Crossing the Annan, and passing
the village of Kirkpatrick Juxta, the
line reaches

40 m. Beattock Stat., 2 m. from
Moffat, to which there is an omni-
bus (see Ete. 6). Here are refresh-
ment-rooms, and Beattock Bridge
Inn is 100 yards off". On left of stat.
is Craglands ( — Colvin, Esq.), and
on right is Lochhouse Tower, backed
up by the fine ranges above iloff'at,
part of which town is seen from the

The rly. now enters the wild de-
files of the Lowther Hills, and as-
cends the narrow glen of the Evan,
in a sonnet by Wordsworth called
the Avon, which rises very near the
source of the Clyde. On left is
Auchencass Castle, a ruin of no great
size, but of considerable strength,
which originally belonged to Ean-
dolph Earl of Moray, Eobert Bruce's
favourite lieutenant, and afterwards
regent to Bruce's son and successor,
David II.

The high road from Carlisle to
Glasgow was one of Telford's grandest
works of engineering, now rendered
comparatively useless by the railway.
From the hills around this pass 3 of
the largest southern rivers, the Clyde,


Iloute 5. — Lamington ; Carstairs.

Sect. I.

Tweed, and Annan, all take their
rise within a short distance of each
other. The rly. ascends the Evan
valley through much rock-cutting.
Near the upper end it passes into
Clydesdale at a height of ]000 ft.
above the sea. At

52 I'm. Elvanfoot Stat, the Clyde
is first crossed, being already swelled
by the waters of the Powtrail, Daer,
and Elvan, which all converge to this
point. A little before arriving at the
stat., on right, is a round camp,
where 2 Eoinan roads, coming from
the S.E. and S.W., formed a junc-

[On left 4 m. is the mining village
of Leaclhills, where Allan Ramsay,
author of " The Gentle Shepherd,"
was born 16S6. These mines, to-
gether with the adjoining ones at
Wanlock Head, have produced more
lead than any in Scotland, and a con-
siderable quantity of silver, from
1511 down to the present time.
Gold is found in the streams of the
district. ]

55 m. the line passes the village of
Crawford, having immediately on
right Lindsay Tower, an old ruined
seat of the Lindsays, Earls of Craw-
ford. The Camps and Midlock
"Waters here join the Clyde.

58 m. AUngton Stat., Hunter's
Inn affords the angler excellent
quarters, at the junction of the
Glengonner Water and the Clyde,
and environed on all sides by hills.
On left is the seat of Sir Edward
Colebrook, Bart. Near this place
are traces of gold workings, which
were carried on with some success in
the time of James VI. Abington is
a favourite locality for coursing
matches, and is a capital angling
station. The water between Elvan-
foot and Lamington is the best of
the whole river. The water is very
clear, and the angler requires fine
tackle, small flies, and quick sight.
If sheep-washing is going on he can

still have good sport in the smaller

63 m. Lamington Stat. L. House
is a gabled mansion, the seat of Baillie
Cochrane, Esq. In the hall is the
chair of Wallace ! The heiress of
Lamington married Sir Wm. Wal-
lace, and this property was inherited
by his daughter. Burns went to ch.
here on one occasion, and was so
little pleased that he left on the seat
an epigram, called, ' ' The Kirk of
Lamington :" —

" As cauld a -wind as ever blew ;

A caulder kirk, and in 't but few ;

As cauld a minister's e'er spak ;

Ye'll a' be het ere I come back."

The ch. of L. retains the "jougs,"
or pillory, and the stool of repent-

On right, near the river, is the
ruined tower of Lamington.

66^ m. Symington Junct. Ely.
to Peebles and Galashiels (Ete. 5a)
{Inn, Junction) is said to have taken
its name from Simon Locard, who
had a grant of the land from Mal-
colm IV. On left rises the isolated
and picturesque outline of Tinto
Hill, 2200 ft. high, from the top of
which, where is a large cairn, the
tourist can on a clear day see both
German and Irish Seas, and from
Goatfell in An'an on the W., to the
Bass Eock on the E. : —

" Be a lassie ne'er so black,

Gin she hae the penny siller.
Set her up on Tinto's tap,
The wind will blaw a man till her."

to carry a stone to the top of Tinto
was in old times a common form of
penance. On the E. side of the hill,
near the rly. , are the niins of Fatlips

68i m. TlmnTcerton Stat. The hill
rising directly up from the opposite
bank of the Clyde is Quothquan Law,
1097 ft.

The Clyde is crossed for the last
time just before reaching

73^ m. Carstaiks Junct. Stat.,
where the lines to Glasgow (see Ete.
8) and Stirling (Rte. 21) are given

S.Scotland. Route ti. — Midcalder ; DalmaJioy Park


off. This place is supposed to be
the ancient Corn-Caer, a Roman set-
tlement, and capital of the Daranii,
a native tribe. Roman remains, in-
cluding a bath, have been found in
the parish.

Between the stat. and the Clyde is
Carstairs House (R. Monteith, Esq.)
The house is a fine modern one, of
Tudor architecture, and contains
some good paintings by Guido, Mo-
rales, Raeburn, etc. Carstairs is 5
m. distant from Lanark and the
Falls of the Clyde (Rte. 8 to 8 a).
Travellers bound thither change

Carstairs to Edinburgh — Rly,
75 m. Carmaath, i.e., "the ford
by the Cairn," which is visible on
the left. In CouthaUy Castle (to the
N.), now a gl6omy ruin, James IV.,
James V., and James VI., were enter-
tained by the Somervilles. Of the
old ch. one aisle is still left.

79.1 m. Auchengray Stat. 3 m. to
the left are the ironworks of Wihon-
toiun, on the eastern border of the
Lanarkshire coalfield. From this
point the rly. skirts the northern
slopes of the Pentland Hills, which
occupy the whole area between this
and Edinburgh, and aff'ord many
charming views. In 1666 the Cove-
nanters were defeated on the E. side
of these hills by General Dalziel's
cavalry at Rullion Green. Passing,
right, the large compensation reser-
voir of Cobbinshaw, for supplying
the Union Canal with water, the
railway reaches

86 m. ffarhurn Stat. On left, 2
m., is the village of West Calder
(Stat.) From the viaduct over Lin-
house Burn a beautiful view is ob-
tained of the distant vale of Almond,
with Edinburgh and Arthur's Seat
in the distance.

91 m. Midcalder and Kirknewton
[Scotland. '\

June. Stat. Calder House. (Lord
Torphichen), part of which is very
old, is beautifully situated on the
bank of the Murieston Water, near
its confluence with the Almond. It
contains portraits of John Knox (?)
and Mary Queen of Scots. In a room
here the Holy Communion was first
administered after the Protestant
fashion by Knox.

The aspect of this district has con-
siderably changed since 1865, by the
(Tsi^overy of certain shales which
} i.ld a considerable supply of mine-
ral oil. Pits and oil - works now
dot the countr}'^ all round j\Iid- and
West - Calder, contributing sadly to
mar the scenery and pollute the

Between Midcalder and (954 ^n.)
Cnrrie Stat., the rly. has on riglit
Meadowbank (A. A. M, Wellwood,
Esq.) ; the picturesque precipices of
Dalmahoy Crags; the Water of Leith;
and on its banks Balerno ; Riccarton,
N.W. of Currie, seat of Sir William
Gibson-Craig, has one of the most
extensive and beautiful Pinetums in
Scotland. Lennox Totver (now called
L\Tnphay), the old property of the
family of Lennox ; and Curriehill
(John Marshall, Lord C), a modern
house occupying the site of the old
castle of the Skenes of Currie.

On left, Dalmahoy Park, the seat
of the Earl of Morton. Amongst its
curiosities are the keys of Lochleven
Castle, which were thrown into the
lake when Mary Queen of Scots
escaped. Seven sets of these keys,
in different Scottish houses, contend
for authentication ! The park is like
a forest of fine timber, and Dalmahoy
Crags add a feature to the view.
Separated only by the old Glasgow
road, is Hatton, a quaint house with
flanking towers, plastered, built by
the Lauderdales about Charles II.'s
time, with terraced garden.

98 m. Kingshiotve Junct. Stat. A
loop line has been opened from this


Route 5a. — Broughton; Stoho.

Sect. I.

through the Glen of Colin ton, Jnniper
Green, and Balerno (see. Rte. 4.) The
rly., together with the Union Canal,
are carried over the Water of Leith
at Slateford Stat, by a magnificent
viaduct, the village lying beneath.

101 m. Edinhurgh Terminus, at
W. end of Princes Street. (Rte. 4.)


Symington Junction to Peebles,
t>y Biggar and Broughton.

[From Symington Stat (Rte. 5)
on the Carlisle and Glasgow Ely., a
branch of 19 m runs E. to Broughton
and Peebles. Four trains daily in

2 m. Coulter Stat. The village is
1 m. right, at the foot of Snaip Hill,
1187 ft., and there are a camp and
traces of a Roman road between it

34 m. Biggar Stat. Inns : Elphin-
stone Arms ; Commercial. A country
town of one wide street. The Church,
built 1545, was a beautiful cruciform
Gothic structure ; but all its internal
beauty has been purposel}' destroyed.
At the end of the town is a large
mound, 300 ft. in circumference and
36 in height, supposed to have been
used as a law court or moothill. Of
Boghall Castle, seat of the Earl of
Winton, there is only left one small
tower. Edmonston Castle, a modern
edifice, is from designs of Gillespie
Graham. From Biggar the rly. keeps
parallel with the stream called Biggar
Water, to

8 m. Broughton Stat., at the foot
of Broughton Heights, 1872 ft., 1 m.
from which is the British fort of
Langlaw Hill, consisting of 5 con-
centric rings. Broughton is alto-
gether a modern place, and has a

trade in ham-curing. To the S. of
the town is Rachan (J. Tweedie,
Esq.) The valley of the Tweed is
entered at the village of Drummelzier,
in the churchyard of which Merlin's
grave is jiointed out. On one side
is the Tweed, and on the other is the
Pausayl brook. An old prophecy is
attributed to Thomas the Rhymer —

" Wheu Tweed and Pausayl join at Merlin's
England and Scotland shall one monarch

and it is said that on the da}^ of
James YI.'s coronation the Tweed
oveiflowed its banks, and its waters
ran into the Pausayl. It must have
been a marvellous inundation, as the
churchyard is about 10 ft. above the
level of either stream. The castle
of Drummelzier, now in ruins, was
formerly the fortress of the Tweedie
family, a powerful and very quarrel-
some faction in the 16th cent.

About 7 m. S. of this is the source
of the Tweed, near Tweedshaws-
farm, 1780 ft. above the sea-level.
About half way stands Crook Inn,
an angler's resort, once a famous
posting-house on the great high
road, now grass grown. Near the
village of Tweedsmuir, in the midst
of a hog, is a standing stone, 5 ft.

124 m. Stoho Stat., to the left of
which is Stobo Castle, the beautiful
seat of Sir Graham Montgomery,
built 1805, and Stobo Kirk (restored),
with a square tower, an E. E. nave,
and Norm, chancel. " The jougs,'
or iron collar for the neck of ofienders,
is attached to the porch. On the
left is Dahvick or New Posso (Sir
J. Nasmyth), noted for its fine timber
and show of rhododendrons. The
trees are of large growth, especially
an avenue of Silver firs, and the
larches, which are reported to have
been first planted here in 1725, or
13 vears earlier than those set by
the D. of Athole at Dunkeld. The
ruins of Tinnis {i.e. Thane's) Castle


Route 6. — Galashiels to Moffat.

i D

,are also conspicuous on a lieiglit near

16 m. Lyne Stat., to the N. of
this, occupying a strong position on
the left hank of the Lyne, is a Eo-
man castrum stativum, originally a
parallelogram of 850 ft. hy 750. The
N". side has been destroyed by agri-
cultural operations, although the en-
trances at the remaining sides are
still visible. At Sheriffrimir, be-
tween the Ely. and the river, there
are 2 erect stones, known as the
standirtg stones. 4 m. to the N. of
Lyne, overlooking the river, is
Lrochil Castle, a fine old mansion,
partaking of a mixture of the fortress
and the manor-house. It consists
of 2 square blocks of building, with
a cleft between, formerly connected
by an arch. At the extremity of the
double square are 2 round towers,
each with a semi-turret, uniting it
with the square mass. It was com-
menced by the regent Morton, but
the building was abruptly checked
by his execution in 1581, for his
participation in the murder of Daiu-
ley. On the S. bank of the Tweed,
opposite Lyne, is the old ivy-covered
tower of Barns, the residence in the
16th centy. of "William Burnett, who
for his propensity for marauding ex-
peditions at night was nicknamed
" the Howlet."

Between Lyne and Peebles on the
1. or north bank of the Tweed, may
be seen Xeidpath Castle, the property
of the Earl of "Wemyss (described in
Ete. 19.)

19. m. Peebles Junct. Stat. (Ete.


Galashiels to Moffat, by Selkirk
(Rail), Vale of Yarrow, St.
Mary's Locli, and Grey Mare's

PmU to Selkirk, 61 min.


daily in 20 min. Thence carriage road
to the loch. Beyond it, footpath.

This route is well worth exploring
for its fine scenery. The vale of
Yarrow, celebrated in local song and
by "Wordsworth's two poems, abounds
in interest.

The Ely. leaves the main line of
the Xorth British at the junction of
the Gala "Water with the Tweed, and
runs up the vale of the Tweed.

3 m. Abbotsford Ferry Stat, at
Boldside. It is a mile walk after
crossing the Ferry to Abbotsford
(described in Ete. 1). A little higher
up (at the Eink) the conjoined
streams of the Ettrick and the Yar-
row fall into the Tweed, which flows
from the west from Peebles and
Innerleithen. At the point of union
the line crosses the river, and (pass-
ing Lindcan Stat.) is carried up the
right bank of the Ettrick to

6 m. SelTcirk Stat. (County Hotel),
a dull town (4640 inhab.), perched
on the top of a hill overlooking
Etti'ick "Water. It used to be cele-
brated for its shoemakmg ; hence the
old verses

" Up wi' the sutors of Selkirk,
And doon wi' the Earl of Home."

The sutors distinguished themselves
much at the battle of Flodden : —

" Selkirk, famed in days of yore

For sutors, but for heroes more.

And on red Flodden's dreadful day,

When other pow'rful elans gave way.

The burly sutors firmly stood,

And dyed the field with Southron blood ;

Though gall'd by darts, by horses trod on,

They bore their standard off from Flodden,

Which still on that returning day

We bear aloft in proud aiTay. "


To this dsij admittance to the dignity
of burgess of the town is obtained by
the penalty of sucking a brush of
bristles such as shoemakers use,
dipped in wine, attached to the seal
of the Corporation. This is called
" licking the birse." The banner is
still preserved by the Corporation.


Route Q.—Neivark Castle.

Sect. I.

The town was soon afterwards burnt I
by the English, It has at present
some woollen manufactures. There
is but little to see. The town-hall
has a lofty spire, in front of which
is a statue of Sir Walter Scott, by
Ritchie. Here is also one to Mungo
Park, the African traveller, who was
a native of Selkirkshire. Adjoining
the town is the Haining (Mrs. Pringle-

Distances : — Galashiels, 6 m.; Ab-
botsford, 4 ; St. Mary's Loch, 19^ ;
Innerleithen, 11 ; Moffat, 34 ; Edin-
burgh, 36 ; Hawick, 11 ; Melrose, 7.
Selkirk is famed for bannocks.

Between Selkirk and Moffat there
is no continuous conveyance ; but
during the summer a coach runs
thrice a week from Selkirk to St.
Mary's Loch, corresponding with
another from Moffat, which meets it
at the Loch. Time is allowed at the
Loch for dining at Tibby Shiels's Inn
and visiting all the localities.

Crossing the Ettrick Water, below
its junction with the Yarrow, we pass

3 m. right, Fhili^jJiaui/h (Sir J. N.
Murray, Bart., a descendant of the
"outlaw" Murray, in the reign of
James IV.). The house is old Eng-
lish, with flights of terraces in front.
Here, Sept. 13, 1645, upon the
haugh, or flat land, bounded by the
Ettrick and the hills, Montrose, hav-
ing encamped his army, in security
as he thought, was surprised by
Gen. Leslie, and his army totally
routed. "The Covenanting Cuiras-
siers, some of them old soldiers of
Gusta-vais Adolphus, crossed the Et-
trick at daybreak, and, charging the
wild Highlanders on the flat, put
them to confusion. Oij Slain Man's
Lee is a green mound raised above
the slaughtered Royalists." — Scott.
All Montrose's successes were lost by
this one disaster. (Cross the river
here to visit Newark Castle.)

The General's Bridge, built by
General Mackay, leads to Bowhill, a

house and property of the Duke of
Buccleuch, at the junction of Ettrick
and Yarrow. This is the most beau-
tiful part of the drive. On the left
flows the Yarrow ; its banks wooded
to the water's edge, and the trees in
some places forming an arch over the
stream ; on the right are picturesque

[4 m. left, on the opposite bank, is
Newark Castle, where the Duchess of
Buccleuch is represented as listening
to the "Lay of the Last Minstrel,"

" Pass'd where Newark's stately tower
Looks out from Yarrow's birken bower."

Newark was originally a royal castle,
and held by the Scotts, who were
hereditary rangers of Ettrick Forest.
When the forest was broken up the
castle was granted to the Scotts for
ever. It is a massive square tower,
surrounded by an Oitter wall, defended
by round flanking turrets. The arms
and supporters of James I., in whose
reign it was built, are still preserved
on the W. side of the tower : —

" Rising from those lofty groves,
Behold a ruin hoary ;
The shatter'd front of Newark's tower,
Renowu'd in Border story."


In its courtyard Gen. Leslie shot
the prisoners of Montrose's army,
taken at Philiphaugh. ]

On right, at foot of Foulshiels Hill,
1450 ft., is Foulshiels, where Mungo
Park, the African traveller, was born
in 1771.

5 m. right, Broadmeadows, a fine
modern house, on a beautiful spot
(James ]\Iacbraire, Esq.) ; and on left
is a road leading to Bowhill.

6 m. The scenery now changes ;
the road emerges from the woods ;
and though it still rmis alongside
the Yarrow, the banks are bare, the
hills rise naked and cheerless, and
the contrast with the scenery already

is rather melancholy.

S. Scotland. Route 6. — Galashiels to Moffat.


To the right, on the banks of the
Hangingshaw Burn, is Hanglngshaw,
the property of Johnstone of Alva.
A few fragments of wall alone are
left of the old castle of the ' ' outlaw

9 ra. right is the
ford, containing
school-house, and
The Yarrow river
famous in rustic
others from that
Bangour, called "
row," beginning,

"Busk ye, busk ye,
bride. "

village of Yarrovj-
church, manse,
a few cottages,
has always been
ballads ; among
of Hamilton of

The Braes of Yar-

my bonny bonny

" The dowie dens o' Yarrow " was
another favourite song ; and some
upright stones on the hillside over-
looking the village (one of which
has a Latin inscription) are believed
to commemorate the fight mentioned
in it. A road from Yarrow crosses
the hills to the valley of the Ettrick,
and another at the village of Lad-
hope, 10 m.

14 m. Gordon Arms Inn, whence
a road is given off to Traquair and
Innerleithen, 8. m. (Rte. 5). This is
a good angling station for the middle
waters of Ettrick and Yarrow. At
Mount Benger, near it, the Ettrick
Shepherd lived.

16 m. cross the Douglas Burn,
leaving on right the Craig of Douglas.
A little distance up the glen, and
overhanging the stream, are the re-
mains of Blackhouse Tower, which
seems to have been a square build-
ing, with a circular turret at one
angle. It was the retreat and strong-
hold of Sir James Douglas, the friend
of Bruce. This was the scene of the
exploit of Sir Wm. Douglas and Lady
Margaret, as told in the "Douglas

" Seven large stones, erected on the
neighbouring heights of Blackhouse,
are shoAvn as marking the spot where

' the 7 brethren were slain ; and the
j Douglas Burn is averred to have
I been the stream at which the lovers
I stopped to drink, so minute is tradi-
tion in ascertaining the seat of a tra-
gical tale, which, considering the
rude state of former times, had pro-
bably foundation in some real event."
James Hogg, the Ettrick Shep-
herd, was employed on this farm,
and here met Sir W. Scott for the
fi^-st time.

18 m. are the ruins of Dryhope
Tower, supposed to have been the
birthjylace of Mary Scott, the Flower
of Yarrow. It stands on the eastern
end of

" Lone St. Mary's silent lake ;
Thou know'st it well — nor fen nor sedge
Pollute the pure lake's crystal edge ;
Abrupt and sheer the mountains sink,
At once upon the level brink ;
And just a trace of silver sand
Marks where the water meets the land.
Far in the mirror, bright and blue,
Each hill's huge outline you may view ;
Shaggy with heath, but lonely bare.
Nor tree, nor bush, nor bi'ake is there,
Save where of land yon slender line
Bears 'thwart the lake the scatter'd pine.
Yet even this nakedness has power,
And aids the feelings of the hour ;
Your horse's hoof-tread sounds too rude,
8o stUly is the solitude." — Marmion.

Upon the opposite side of the lake
is AUrive, where many of Hogg's
poems were written, and where he

By the side of the Megget Water,
spoken of in the " Noctes Ambro-
sianae," as "a very famous fishing
ground," a road leads to Hcnderland,
the niins of an old stronghold of one
Peres Cockburn, a celebrated free-
booter, who, like Adam Scott and
others, was hanged by James V. in
Ills own castle-yard. It was on this
execution that the pathetic " Lament
of the Border Widow" was written.

See the Lady's Seat by the cascade
of the Megget.

19^ m. the traveller arrives at the
W. end of St. Mari/s Loch; the


Route 6.—St. Manjs Loch.

Sect. 1.

smaller Loch beyond being called the

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