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The South of Scotland— Lowlands — Land of Scott and Burns —
Vales of Tweed, ISTith, Upper Clyde— Edinburgh — Falls of
Clyde, etc,


§ 1. Traveller's View. § 2. Gothic Architecture of Scotland — Churches,
Abbeys, and Castles. § 3. List of Objects of Interest.


*,(.* The names of places are printed in italics only in those Routes where the 2^laces
are described.


a London to Edinburgh (Leith),

by Sea .... 7

1 Carlisle to Edinburgh, by

LiddesdaJe, Haicick {Dnj-
hurgh), Melrose, Ahhotsford,
and Galashiels — Railway 7

2 Newtown St. Boswells Junc-

tion to Berwick-on-Tweed,
by Jedburgh, Kelso {Flod-
den), and Coldstream . 22

3 Newtown St. Boswells to Ees-

ton Junction, hy Greenlaiv
and Dunse — Railway . 29

4 Berwick to Edinburgh,

by Coldingham, Dunbar
[North Berwick], Hadding-
ton, Prestonpans, and Mus-
selburgh, North British
Railway (Coast Line) . 31

5 Carlisle to Edinburgh (Glas-

gow or Stirling), by Lock-
erbie, Lochmaben, Bcattock
[Moffat], and Carstairs
Junction — Caledonian
Railway ... 68
5a Symington Junction to
Peebles, by Biggar and
Brouqhton . . .74

6 Galashiels to Moffat, by Sel-

kirk (Rail), Vale of Yar-
row, St. Mary's Loch, and
Grey Mare's Tail . .76
[Scotland. ]


7 Selkirk to Moffat, by the

Lttrick Valley . . 80

8 Carlisle to Glasgow, by Car-

stairs Junction, Mother-
u-cll, Coatbridge, Gart-
sherrie, and the L^on
District . . . .81
8AGlasgow to BotlivxU, Hamil-
ton, Lanark, and Falls of
Clyde . . . .83

9 Carlisle to Glasgow, by

Annan, Dumfries, San-
quhar, Kilmarnock, and
Dairy Junction . . 90

10 Dumfries to Fortpatrick, by
Castle - Douglas, Newton-
Stewart, Wigtoion, and
Stranraer — Cal. Rly. . 101

10a Castle - Douglas to Kirk-
cudbright, Dundrennan
Abbey, Gatehousc-of -Fleet,
Amcoth . . . .109

If Stranraer to Ayr, by Ballan-

trae, Girvan, and Maybole 112

12 Ayr to Glasgow, by Troon,

Kilwinning, Ardrossan,
Paisley, Dalmellington,
and Loch Doon . .116

13 Edinburgh to Galashiels, by

Da Ikeith, Hawthorndcn ,
Roslin, Pen7iicuik, Peebles,
and Innerleithen . .125


§ 1. Traveller's View of South Scotland. Sect. I.

§ 1. Traveller's View of South Scotland.

The Highlands of Scotland ongbt by no means to engross the exclu-
sive attention and admiration of travellers. The south of Scotland,
miscalled tlie Lowlands, since it is for the most part a mass of moun-
tains or round-backed hills, intersected by valleys and plains, is full
of picturesque beauty and " wildness, which just stops short of sub-
limity," Though inferior to the Grampian ranges in elevation and
romantic outline, it surpasses the north of Scotland in historic associ-
ation, in legends, local poetry, and in the romance which the works
of Scott and the pathos of the songs and poems of Burns have thrown,
over many of the scenes, causing it to be called the land of Scott
and Burns. It also excels the Highlands in the number and
picturesqueness of its ancient buildings, its ruined abbeys and castles,
and es[)ecially in that long chain of fort-like tov/ers — Peels or Bastels
— which the insecure state of the Borders from the earliest times to
the 1 6th century made to be the necessary form of a country gentle-
man's house.

The traveller imbued with the recollection of the " Lay of the Last
Minstrel," " The Abbot," €tc., may repair to Melrose or Kelso, either
directly from England, or making the excursion from Edinburgh. He
will there find himself in the most beautiful part of the valley of the
Tweed, under the shadow of that picturesque and eerie knot of hills,
" The Eildons." He may spend hours among the exquisite ruins of
Melrose, Kelso, and Jedburgh. He will go as a pilgrim to the
shrines of Dryburgli (where rest the remains of Sir AValter and his
family), and to Abbotsford, not forgetting the Peel Tower of Smail-
holm, where Sir Walter spent his childhood. The view from Kelso
bridge over the Tweed and Teviot, and the park of Floors, may
tempt the traveller to tarry and explore the valleys of Teviot,
Ettrick, Yarrow, and many others.

If he enter Scotland by Berwick, there is the grand coast scenery
of St. Abb's Head and Fast Castle, where the Lammermuirs drop
down into the sea in strangely Contorted cliffs (dear to the geologist),
or he may thread the defiles of Cockburnspath and the Pease Burn,
on the battlefield of Dunbar, the turning-point of Cromwell's career.
Diverging to North Berwick — resorted to for bathing and golf — he
will have before him the sparkling shores of the Firth of Forth,
with its rocky islets, the mysterious Bass Rock, and the Conical Law,
and he may admire the golden crops of the Lothians, where agricul-
ture, aided by coal and steam, asserts her just claims to be esteemed

Introd. §1. Traveller's View of South Scotland. 3

a science. The attractions of Edinburgh and its environs are fully
described in Route 4.

Nor need the stranger be at a loss if he enter Scotland by the S.W.,
at the head of the Solway, or crossing its treacherous sands on a high
railway bridge, as he may now do, to Annan. Here he is amid the
scenery of " Redgauntlet " and " Guy Mannering." If he halt at
Dumfries he will be in the country of Burns, he wdll visit the poet's
grave ; and if he ascend the lovely Nithsdale, 6 or 8 m., he will see
the very picturesque ruined abbeys of Sweetheart and Lincluden, or,
9 m. S. of Dumfries, may visit the triangular castle of Caerlaverock,
on the margin of the Solway, under the shadow of Criffel.

Proceeding AV. by Castle-Douglas, he may turn S. to explore the
scenery of the three bays which indent the shores of Galloway, at
Gatehouse-of-Fleet, and at Whithorn, near which the cliffs rise to
great grandeur and elevation, which is continued round by the Mull
of Galloway, and N. from Loch Ryan, to Girvan — a charming coast
drive, for the railway has not yet extended so far. At Stranraer a
halt should be made, to visit the noble woods and Pine-tree groves
of Castle Kennedy (see Route 1 0).

The chief associations with Burns centre round the town of Ayr.
Half a day may well be spent in and near it, at Alloway Kii'k and
Brig o' Doon, etc.

Arrived at this point, the Alpine peaks and serrated ridges of
Arran will tempt the traveller to cross to it from Ardrossan, and if
he love fine scenery he will be rew^arded. But this and the Firth
of Clyde belong to another section.

In approaching Glasgow — either from S. or E. — the upper valley
of the Clyde has claims to arrest the traveller's steps. Near Lanark
are the Falls of the Clyde, the nearest approach in Britain to those
of the Rhine {longo intervallo). Near Lanark occur the very pic-
turesque dene of the river Mouse, and the Cartland Crags ; lower
down, in a side valley, the castle of Craignethan, better known as
Tillietudlem, both interesting and suited for the pencil, demand a
slight detour. A few miles farther is " Bothwell Brig," an historic
site, Hamilton Palace, with its art treasures and noble park, and
Bothwell Castle, a grand ruin, next door to which are preserved
some of Lord Chancellor Clarendon's finest Vandyks.

The Black Country of Scotland, extending for miles round Glas-
gow, is one of the most extraordinary scenes of industry in the world,
where the " black diamond " has produced more genuine wealth than
the brilliant of Golconda, and the " Black Band " may vie in rich
results with the silver veins of Potosi. The principal ironworks are
at Gartsherrie, Coatbridge, Dundy van, and Langloan, etc.

4 § 2. Architecture of Scotland. Sect. I.

§ 2. Gothic Architecture of Scotland — Churches, Abbeys,
AND Castles.

Scotland possesses glorious exauiples of Gothic art. Besides the
Cathedral of Glasgow, a national monument which alone will repay
a pilgrimage, and Roslin Chapel, — an anomalous curiosity, so unlike
other contemporary buildings, that a Spanish or Portuguese origin has
been attributed to it, though, after all, it may owe its peculiarities
to the freaks of a native genius — there are the four abbeys of Tweed-
side, Melrose, Dryburgh, Kelso, and Jedburgh. In the secluded dales
of the Nith and of Galloway are the three less known but always
charming ruined abbeys of Lincluden, Sweetheart, and Dundrennan ;
the artistic ruins of Crossraguel in Ayrshire, and on the remote
N.E. sea-coast, St. Andrews, Arbroath, and Elgin, are all highly
interesting to English architects and antiquaries, and all furnish
admirable subjects for the artist's pencil. It may be useful, there-
fore, to premise that the ecclesiastical remains of Scotland, as regards
age and style, are not to be judged by the rules applicable to those
of England.

The peculiarity of Scottish Gothic is the preservation of old forms.
The round arch is of all ages ; both it and early mouldings, billet
and dog-tooth, survived even to the 1 6th cent., long after they were
abandoned in the South. In this respect they resemble some foreign
examples, and may owe their peculiarity, perhaps, to the influence
of French architects. To these there are some exceptions, for Dun-
fermline reminds one of Durham, and features of Arbroath may be
traced to Canterbury ; while Melrose, an almost solitary example of
Perpendicular, can be directly referred to English influence.

It has been too readily assumed that these fine buildings owe
their present state of ruin to John Knox and the fanatic hammer of
his followers. In the instances of Perth and St. Andrews he must
indeed bear the blame ; but in the case of the Border abbeys, the
injury was inflicted by the English soldiery of Henry VIII. and
Elizabeth, during those savage invasions or forays led by Hertford,
Bowes, Sussex, and others.

There are no Norman castles in Scotland. The earliest and
largest feudal fortresses seem to date from the Edwardian era, and
many of them were actually built by the English, Such may have
been the origin of Dirleton, Doune, and Castle Urquhart. The royal
castles of Edinburgh and Stirling retain but little of their original
fabric ; the palaces of Linlithgow and Falkland are of later date.

In the South, especially all through the Border lands, every
gentleman's house who had farm produce or live-stock to protect

Introd. § 3. Places of Interest. 5

was a Peel Toioer or Bastel. The terrific invasions of borderers and
mosstroopers, lifting cattle, spoiling crops, burning barns and
homesteads, compelled the landowner to construct a refuge for his
family and retainers. On the ground floor was a byre or dungeon ;
above, a room for servants ; and still higher, the dwelling-room of
the family ; a corkscrew stair led to the top, and the bottom was
closed by an iron door or gate.

The wealthier nobles lived in castles consisting of a tower broader and
loftier, surrounded by an enclosing wall for defending the out-build-
ings, forming a court or barm-kyne, into which cattle could be driven.

Such castles are Borthwick, Crichton, Hermitage (stronghold of
the Douglases), Craigmillar, Doune, Castle Campbell, and Caer-
laverock, etc.

§ 3. Places of Interest.

Langholm. — Scenery of the Esk ; Penton Linns.

Steele Road. — Hermitage Castle.

Riccarton Junct. — Pictish ditch or Catrail.

Hawick. — Moothill ; Branksome Tower ; Harden Castle ; Minto
House and Crags ; Euberslaw.

Nezvton St. BoswelVs. — Eildon Hills ; Dryburgh Abbey.

Melrose. — Abbey ; Abbotsford ; Eildon Hills ; SmaUholm Tower.

Tijne Head. — Crichton Castle ; Borthwick Castle.

Dalhousie. — Newbattle Abbey.

Jedburgh. — Abbey ; Ferniehirst ; scenery of the Tweed and Jed.

Kelso. — Abbey ; Bridge ; Floors Castle ; Ednam ; Stichell Linn ;
Hume Castle.

Coldstream. — Flodden Field ; Tw^izell Castle ; Ladykirk Church ;
Norham Castle.

Berivick. — View of Tweed valley, from the Ely. Stat. ; Railway
Bridge ; Castle Walls ; Halidon Hill.

Reston-Coldingham. — Abbey Ruins ; St. Abb's Head ; Fast Castle.

Cockburnspath. — Tower ; Pease Burn and Bridge.

North Berwick. — Law ; Dirleton and Tantallon Castles ; Bass Rock.

Tyninghame. — Park ; Church.

Haddington. — Church ; Gilford Castle ; grounds of Lennoxlove.

Longniddry.- — Seton House ; Chapel.

Musselburgh. — Pinkie House.

Ecclefechan. — Burnswark ; Repentance Tower.

Lochmaben. — Castle ; Lake ; Jardine Hall (fossil footprints).

Mo/a^.— Gallows Hill ; Devil's Beef Tub ; Grey Mare's Tail ; St.
Mary's Loch ; Loch of the Lowes ; Hogg's Monument.

Sijmiwjton. — Tinto ; Fatlips Castle. ^

6 § 3. Places of Interest. Sect. I.

Midcalder. — Calder House ; Dalmahoy Rocks.

Selkirk. — Town-hall ; Newark Castle.

Ettrick. — Tushielaw Castle ; Thirlestane Castle ; Faiiy Stack.

Lanark. — Falls of Clyde ; St. Kentigern's ; Cartland Crags.

Douglas. — Clmrcli and Monuments of Douglases ; Castle.

Braidwood. — Craignethen Castle.

EutJmvell. — Cross in Manse Garden ; Comlangan Castle and Stone.

Dumfries. — Burns' House ; his Grave and Mausoleum ; Lincluden
Abbey ; Caerlaverock Castle ; Maiden Bower Crags ; Ellisland Farm ;
scenery of the Nith ; Criffel ; New Abbey.

ThornhiU. — Drumlanrig ; Tibber's Castle.

Mauchline and Kilmarnock.- — Both associated with Burns.

Dalbeattie. — Granite quarries ; Moot of Urr ; Munches.

Castle-Douglas. — Carlingwark Loch ; Threave Castle.

Kirkcudbright. — St. Mary's Isle ; scenery of the Dee ; Church ;
Gatehouse-of-Fleet ; Dundrennan Abbey.

NeiDton-Stewart. — Loch Trool. Wigtown. — Torhouse Circles.

Garlieston. — Galloway House ; Cruggleton Castle.

TVhithorn. — St. Ninian's Chapel. Glenluce. — Abbey.

Castle Kennedy and Loch Inch. — Lord Stair's Gardens and Pinetum.

Stranraer. — Mull of Galloway ; Craigcaffie Castle.

Ballantrae. — Glen App ; coast scenery to Girvan.

Girvan. — Ailsa Craig ; Turnberry Castle ; Shanter Farm.

Maybole. — Tolbooth ; the Tower ; Crossraguel Abbey ; Dunure
Castle ; Culzean Castle.

Ayr. — '' Twa Brigs ;" Alio way Kirk ; Burns' House ; Brig o' Doon.

Dalmellington. — Defile of the Ness leading to Loch Doon.

Kilwinning. — Priory ; Eglinton Castle.

Paisley. — Abbey ; Museum ; Shawl- weaving ; Stanley Castle ;
Mearns Castle.

Edinburgh. — Princes St. and Gardens ; Scott's Monument ; Museum
of Antiquities and National Gallery of Paintings ; Calton Hill ;
Castle ; Assembly Hall ; Grassmarket ; St. Giles's ; Parliament
House ; Canongate ; Cowgate ; Holyrood Abbey and Palace ; Salis-
bury Crags ; Heriot's Hospital ; Greyfriars' Churchyard ; University ;
Museum of Science and Art ; High School ; Botanic Gardens ; Donald-
son's Hospital ; Leith Harbour ; Granton Pier ; Craigmillar Castle.

Dalkeith. — Palace ; Gardens and Park ; LassM^ade ; Hawthornden ;
Boslin Chapel ; Castle.

Peebles. — Neidpath Castle ; Horsburgh Castle.

Innerleithen. — Caerlee Fort ; Purvis Hill terraces ; Traquair
House ; Elibank Tower.

Pennicuik. — House ; Pentland Hills ; Habbie's How.

S. Scotland. Boutes a, 1. — London to Edinhicrgk

E U T E S.


London to Edinburgli (Leith),
By Sea.

Swift and comfortable steamers
sail twice a week, Wednesday and
Saturday morning, from Irongate
AVharf to Leith, and from St. Kathe-
rine's Steam "Wharf to Granton,
average passage 36 hours. Fares : —
1st cabin, 15s. ; 2d cabin, 12s. The
traveller by this route (and if the sea
is tolerably calm no route is plea-
santer) will obtain a good view of
the eastern coast of England. The
steamer gives the flat shores of Essex
a tolerably wide berth, but approaches
land more closely when off Suffolk
and Norfolk. In succession the fol-
lowing distant views present them-
selves ; —


Yarmouth town.

Cromer Cliffs.

Flamborough Head.

Filey Bay.

Scarborough and its Castle.

Eobin Hood's Bay.



Coquet Island.

Bamborough Castle.

Feme Island and Grace Darling's

Holy Island (Lindisfarne).

St. Abb's Head (Ete. 4).

Tantallon Castle aod Bass Eock.

J^orth Berwick Law (Ete. 4).

Isle of May and Inchkeith (on
right). Granton Pier or

Leith, by rail to Edinburgh.

The distance by land from London
to Edinburgh is performed hij Train
— London and IST. AVestern (401 m.)
or Great Northern (397 m.) Lines —

in lOi hrs., leaving London at 10
A.M., reaching Edinburgh at S.25,
Glasgow at 8. 30.


Carlisle to Edinburgh, by Liddes-
dale, Hawick (Dryburgh), Mel-
rose, Abbotsford, and Gala-
shiels— Rail.

9Sj m. 7 trains daily, in 3 to 4|

This line of rly., belonging to the
X. British Company, is usually known
as the Waverleij Route, from its pass-
ing through the district associated
with Sir Walter Scott and his writ-
ings. The portion of the rly. be-
tween Carlisle and Hawick is essen-
tially a border line, and was made in

Quitting the Citadel Stat, at Car-
lisle {Hotel, County, very comfort-
able), we pass in succession (on right)
the Cathedral, Castle, and the river
Eden ; then, crossing at a high level
the Caledonian Ely., stretch over the
plain between the Esk and Eden,
and pass Harker and Lineside sta-
, tions to

I 10 m. LoNGTO^^'^^ Junct. with the
j Gretna and Annan branch (Ete. 9).
Eail to Glasgow and Stirling (Ete.

From the nature of the alluvial
flats that bound the Solway Firth and
its tributaries, a fine distant view is
obtained of the hills in the neigh-
bourhood of Langholm and Eskdale.
Longtoicn is an ancient border town
in Cumberland, placed on the left
bank of the Esk, which is there a con-
siderable stream. A market has been

Route 1. — Carlisle to Edinburgh — Langholm. Sect. I.

held here since Henry III.'s time,
and it is somewhat celebrated for
its supply of cranberries, which are
sent to London during the season in
large quantities. There is not much
to be seen except the old parish ch.
of Arthurct, of the early part of the
17th cent, which is outside the

12 m. Scotch D]]ke Stat. On the
opposite side of the Esk are the Avoods
and mansion of Nethcrhy, the seat of
Sir r. U. Graham, Bart. The scenery
improves rapidly, and becomes very
j)icturesque at

14m. Pvidclmgs Junct. Stat., Avhere
a branch line is given ofi' to Lang-
holm and Eskdale. The view of the
village and church of Canobic on the
left is charming. The main line
runs up the valley of the Liddel,
which at this point joins with the
Esk. Here the valley of the Esk
opens out, and a branch rly. runs up
it to (7 m.) Langholm.

Bail (7 m.) to Langlwhn.

[The drive by the banks of the
Esk to LangJioIm (7 m.) and thence
down the Teviot to Hawick, is far
prettier than the journey by the r\j.,
which keeps the high ground on the
left bank of the river, so as to accom-
modate the collieries in Canobie par-
ish. These collieries are situated
upon the middle series of coal-mea-
sures, overlaid by Permian strata,
sections of which may be seen at
Eiddings Junct., Penton, Carwinlay
Burn, and Canobie Stat. The banks
of the Esk in this neighbourhood are
steep and precipitous ; one rock in
particular is named GilnocMes Gar-
den, and is said to have been a fa-
vourite haunt of Johnnie Armstrong,
the famous Border riever, and cap-
tain of Mosstroopers, whose sti'ong-
hold, the Tower of HoUoics, a square
Peel, 70 ft. high, is about 2 m. from

Laivjholm Terminus. This is a

thriving border town, with a suburb
called New Langholm, on the old
high rd. between Carlisle and Ber-
wick, Avhere the Ewes Water falls into
the Esk. It is an industrious place,
and a good deal of woollen plaiding is
woven here. It possesses a library,
to which Telford, the engineer, be-
queathed £1000. The scenery of the
hills around is picturesque, although
they have the rounded monotonous
form characteristic of S. Scotland.
On White Hill to the E. of the town
is a Monument in memory of Sir John
Malcolm, Governor of Bombay, vis-
ible even from the Waverley line.
He was one of ten sons of an Eskdale
farmer, born at Burnfoot, a little way
from Langholm. To his brother.
Admiral Sir Pulteney Malcolm, there
is a statue in the ]\Iarket-place. Two
other brothers contributed to render
the name illustrious and to do honour
to their native valley. In the im-
mediate neighbourhood are Langholm
Lodge, a seat of the Duke of Buc-
cleuch, the border tower of Lang-
holm, and slight remains of Waiich-
ope Castle, situated on the water of
the same name. Langholm is cele-
brated for its sheep fairs, an enor-
mous number of sheep being annually
sent from it into England ; and it is
also the seat of a considerable woollen

The neighbourhood of Langholm
is intimately associated with the
memory of Johnnie Armstrong, the
Border hero, who in the days of
James V. levied black mail as far as
Newcastle. As old Lindsay of Pit-
scottie tells us, " He rode ever with
24 able gentlemen well horsed ; yet
he never molested any Scottisliman. "
The king, under the pretext of a
hunting party, made an expedition
against Armstrong, enticed him over
to Caerlanrig, and hanged him and
36 of his accomplices there, notwith-
standing many tempting offers made
by the culprits to procure a respite.

A few miles above Langholm is

S. Scotland. Route 1. — Mangerton Toiver — Hermitage.

the solitary liamlet of Westerkirk,
the birthplace of Telford, whose
father was a shex^herd on the banks
of the Meggat. ]

From Eiddings the main line
keeps high ground, overlooking the
Licklel, which for 7 m. above this
divides England from Scotland. Its
serpentine reaches are embowered in
woods, Avhile an occasional homestead
on the banks above gives relief to
the otherwise bleak-looking country
at the foot of the moorland ranges.

At Penton Stat., 17 m., and Kers-
Jiope, 21 m., where we enter Scot-
land, the scenery on the right closes
in, and the grey table-lands that
skirt the Cheviots begin to show
themselves, varied by an occasional
" burn" that joins the Liddel through
a tangled ravine. At Penton Linns
is a wild and rapid reach of the river,
which flows through a narrow chan-
nel between the rocks.

24 m. Neivcastlcton Stat, is a Lid-
desdale town of two streets, founded,
1793, in a more convenient spot than
Old Castleton, of which only the
church remains, 2 ni. off.

Liddesdale, it will be remembered,
was the country of Dandie Dinmont,
and its scenery is admirably portrayed
in "Guy J\Iannering:" " Hills as steep
as they well can be without being
precipitous. Their sides often pre-
sent gullies, down which after heavy
rains tlie torrents descend with great
fury. Some dappled mists float
along the peaks of the hills ; through
these fleecy streams a hundred little
rills descend the mountain sides, like
silver threads."

1| m. S. of Kewcastleton is Man-
gerton Toicer, on the left bank of
the Liddel, another of the Arm-
strong border residences ; and on the
opposite hill once dwelt Jock o' the
Side, a nephew of the Laird of Man-
gerton, and, according to Sir Richard

Maitland, of very doubtful reputa-
tion : —

" He is well kenn'd, Johne of the Syde,
A greater thief did never ryde ;
He never tires
For to break bj'res,
O'er mure and mires
Ower glide ane guide."

In a raid by the liiddesdale men
Jock o' the Side was taken prisoner ;
but was rescued by his cousins of
Mangerton, knoAvn as the Laird's
Jock and the Laird's Wat.

Near the roadside, at Milnholm, is
a stone cross, with a sword and some
letters inscribed on it. The cross
marks the spot where the body of
one of the owners of Mangerton, who
was barbarously murdered by Lord
Soulis, was rested on its way to in-

2 m. to the N. of Newcastleton the
Hermitage Avater joins the Liddel.
The railway crosses the valley by a
bridge, and keeps the high ground on
the right bank of the Liddel.

27 m. at Old Castleton, is the site
of Liddel Castle, built by IJanulph de
Soulis in the 12th cent.

29 m. Steele Road Stat, [is about
4 m. from the *Castle of Hermitage,
one of the most interesting historic
edifices on the Border, on Hermitage
Water, the grand stronghold of the
Douglases, and called by Burton the
oldest baronial building in Scotland.
Descending to the valley through
which the Hermitage AVater passes,
the tourist can get the key at the
gamekeeper's house. Cross the bridge,
and take the road to the right. At
the next bridge take the road to the
left. Hermitage stands in a dreary
open plain, and was protected on one
side by the stream and on the other
by a fosse. The exterior, which is
perfect, consists of 4 rectangular
towers, one of which, on the S.W.,

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