Brigham Young l'iii\ersity
J. T. Anderson,
United States Army
Do ^' t
UAV n A
Stands for Bearing Arms.
, , Armee Territoriale.
,, Knight of the Legion of Honour.
„ Chief of Tirconnell.
Cust. Pac. (custos pacis)
,, Custodian of the Peace.
,, District of Columbijk.
elseif (getClientWidth() > 430)
, , died without offspring.
„ Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour
,, Legion of Honour.
,, married. ^
,, North Carolina.
,, he died.
,, he died in his father's lifetime.
,, Officer of the Legion of Honour.
J, of man's age.
s.p. (sine prole)
,, without offspring.
, , without male offspring.
J, in the tim^of.
,, United States, America.
, , Virginia.
J, in his father's lifetime.
„ West Indies.
* Allrev:atic7is : It is only the less obvious Abbreviations employed in this Work, and which-
might not be intelligible to the general reader, that are heie given.
THE ORIGIN AND STEM
THE IRISH NATION.
JOHN O'H A R T,
ASSOCIATE IN ARTS, QUEEN's UNIVEHSITY IN IRELAND ; FELLOW OF THE ROYAL
HISTORICAL AND ARCHvEOLOUICAL ASSOCIATION OF IRELAND ; MEMBER
OF THE HARLEIAN SOCIETY, LONDON; AUTHOR OF "IRISH
LANDED GENTRY WHEN CROMWELL CAME TO
•' Where are the heroes of the ages past r
Where the brave chieftains, where the mighty ones
Who flourished in the infancy of days ?
All to the grave gone down."
—Henry Kirke White.
"Man is but the sum of his Ancestors."
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1837, by Richard Oulahan, of
Washington, D. C, in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.
IN TWO VOLUMES.
JAMES DUFFY AND CO., Limited,
U AND 15 Wellington Quay.
London: Burns & Oates (Ltd.), 28 Orchard Street, W.
Glasgow : Hugh Margey, 14 Great Clyde Street.
New York : Benziger Brothers, 36 & 38 Barclay Street.
All Rights Reserved.
ENTERED AT STATIONERS HALL.
BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY
Dublin : Printed by Edmund Burke and Co., 61 & 62 Great Strand Strtiet.
■epresentatives of the Irish, Anglo-Irish, and Anglo-Norman families
living when the Estates of the Irish " Papist Proprietors" and of the
Irish " Delinquent Protestants"* were confiscated, under the Cromwellian
Settlement of Ireland.
For the information respecting the Irish Brigades serving in France,
Spain, Austria, the Spanish Netherlands, etc., contained in either Appendix
to Vol. II., we are indebted to the courtesy of Mr. J. Casimir O'Meagher,
of Mountjoy-square, Dublin ; which, with untiring energy, Mr. O'Meagher
compiled in the Archivesf of the several countries to which they relate :
in whose services the Irishmen mentioned in those Papers brought renown
on their own native land. To the present representatives of those families,
in whatever clime their lot is cast, those Papers will afford interesting
But, while in the Spanish Netherlands, and other European
countries, Irishmen have shed lustre on their native country, we venture
to say that nowhere and under no circumstances have they displayed more
heroism, magnanimity, dauntless enterprise, genius, dignity, burning zeal,
good citizenship, unsullied fidelity, and administrative power, than in the
Service of America. J As to them in exile the Land of the "Stars and
Stripes" had been a refuge and a home, for that Land our countrymen
have with willing hearts fought, and bled, and died. Whenever disaster
seemed to threaten the Great Western Eepublic, either from foreign power,
or internal discord, Irishmen were the first to grasp their swords, in her
defence, and the last to sheathe them ; until her foes had been vanquished,
and the smiles of peace had returned to brighten and beautify her, once
more, through the length and breadth of her vast and God-favoured
Empire. It is therefore that we in Ireland should feel proud of their
exploits; and it is therefore that we ourself feel pleasure in herein
recording the names mentioned in the Paper in the Appendix No. 2,
headed " The Irish Brigades in the Service of America." In that Paper
we give a List of the Officers in the Irish-American Brigades during the
American War of 1861-1865, between the Northern and Southern States,
* Delinqmnt Protestants : By this designation were known the loj'al Protestants
who sided, or were suspected of sympathy, with their King, the unfortunate Charles I.
f Archives : The papers, above mentioned, treat on the "Irish Brigade in the
Service of France ;" " The Irish Legion ;" " Irish Endowments in Austria ;" " Irishmen
who served in Austria : Old Army Lists;" "Irishmen serving in Austria ;" Modern
Army Lists; a "List of Irishmen who have served in the Spanish Army;" and a
"List of Persons of Irish Origin, enjoying Honours and Emoluments in Spain," in
X America : For the " Early Irish Settlers in America," see the Celtic Magazine
(New York : Halligan and Cassidy,) for April and May, 1883 ; which will well repay
on the Slave-Emancipation question ; when, unhappily, the Federal Army*
of the North was pitted against the Confederate Army of the South.
That Federal Army was, it will be remembered, chiefly composed of
Meagher's Irish Brigade and of Corcoran's Irish Legion (two distinct
Brigades), besides several Regiments and many Companies in the " Union"
Volunteers, coming from certain States of the Union, all of whom served
in the Federal Army ; but in the Confederate Army in that War were
many distinguished Officers,! Irish by birth or descent, whose names, if we
knew them, we would also herein gladly record. Among those were
General " Stonewall" Jackson, General Patrick Eonayne-Cleburne ;
General (now United States Senator) Mahone, etc. In a future edition,
however, we hope to be able to give the names of all the Irish Officers in
the Confederate Army ; together with the names of any Irishmen (by birth
or descent) who at any time filled the Office of President of the United
States of America, or of Governor of any State in the Union ; or who in
any other position in any of our Colonies shed lustre on their Nation and
And if God spares us, we shall give, in a future Edition of our "Irish
Landed Gentry when Croiviwell came," the names of all the Irish
Landed Gentry in Ireland, a.d. 1641 j and the names of the persons who
in every county in Ireland succeeded to those Estates, or to any portions
In the fervent hope that (see No. 81, p. 40, m/m,) the relation which
the lineal descent of the present Royal Family of England bears to the
ancient Royal Stem of Ireland, would conduce to a kindly feeling on behalf
of Her Gracious Majesty towards ourself and our bleeding country ; we
humbly forwarded to Queen Victoria a presentation copy of the Third
* Army : Besides the Irish Brigade and the Irish Legion in the Federal Army,
there were several Regiments distinctively Iriih in different States, and many Irish
Companies ; hesides many Irish Officers whose Companies were partly Irish, such as :
The 37th New York Volunteers C' Irish Rifles").
The 40th do. do. (" Tammany Regiment").
Colonel Cass's Pennsylvania Regiment.
Colonel Mulligan's Chicago Regiment ; etc.
So that the names of the Irish Officers in the service of America would, even with
their brief records, fill a good-sized volume ; not to speak of the Irish Officers who
held command in the " Rebel" or Confederate Aimy. We might observe that every
full Regiment had about thirty-five officers.
f Officers : The names of the Officers in Meagher's Irish Brigade are taken from
Captain Conyngham's " Irish-American Brigade and its Campaigns," published in
1866 ; and the names of the Officers in Corcoran's Irish Legion are taken from the
Official Report of the Adjutant-General of the State of New York. If in either Return
it be found that we omitted any name which ought to be inserted, we beg to say that
such omission was unintentional.
There is, we find, a large number of IrisJi Officers at present in the Regular Army
of the United States of America.
Edition* of this Work; in pp. 40-44 of Tshich that "lineal descent" is
3arefully traced, as it also is in pp. 37-41 of this Volume. It is needless
CO say that Her Majesty graciously accepted and acknowledged the pre-
As the Book of Genesis and the Writings of the Apostles contain
3xpressions and conceptions respecting the Creation, which cannot be clearly
uterpreted unless by the latest results of Geological Science, we give in
pp. 1-32 of this Volume, a Chapter! on " The Creation," in which,
'uided by Geological laws, we have humbly ventured to interpret those
expressions and conceptions without conflicting in any manner with the
iccount of the Creation contained in the Sacred Volume ! In our dutiful
7eneration for the Visible Head of the Church to which we belong, we
respectfully forwarded anotherpresentation copy of that Edition also to Pope
jEO XIII. , for his gracious acceptance ; earnestly requesting the consider-
ition by His Holiness, not only of the views which we humbly propound in
phat Chapter, but also of the Chapter headed "The English Invasion of
[reland," in which it was stated, on the authorities therein mentioned, that
j?ope Adrian J IV., in the exercise of his Temporal Power, granted Ire-
and to King Henry II. of England. The chapter on "The English
Invasion of Ireland" is also given in pp. 792-799 of this Volume. It was
* Edition : A copy of that as well as a copy of this edition, may he seen in the
-library of the House of Commons, and in the Library of the House of Lords, London ;
IS well as in the Library of Congress at Washington, D.C. ; etc.
t Chapter : It may interest our readers to look through that chapter in its entirety ;
or, without entering into any religious controversy whatever on the subject, we venture
o say that it will help to throw light on the Edenic period of Man's existence before
lis first sin !
X Adrian : On the vexed question of Pope Adrian's Bull, which was dated from
iome, A.D. 1155, it is sometimes urged that the said Bull was di, forgery : because, it is
klleged, Pope Adrian IV. was not at all in Eome in that year, for that he was in exile
kt Beneventum, on account of a revolt caused by the arch-innovator Arnold of
Jrescia. But it will be seen by reference to the following authorities, which a friend
•f ours has brought under our notice, that Adrian IV. was, in the plenitude of his tern
»oral power, in Rome, a.d. 1155 : In a life of this Pope, written by Cardinal Aragonius,
ehich is to be found in Muratori's " Rerum Itallcarum Scriptores,'' Tom. III., Part L,
».^ 441, it is stated that, so far from Arnold being able to drive the Pope out of Rome,'
ds Holiness laid an interdict on the city in the very middle of Holy Week. The
lomans were so terrified that they drove Ai^nold out of the city. Frederick Barba-
ossa then seized him, and sent him back a prisoner to the Pope, who condemned him
be hanged. An account of his execution, in the month of May, will be found in
.ismondi's '' Eepuhliques Italiennes," T. L, p. 316, Ed. Brussels, 1826. Aragonins
ives an account of the Pope's proceedings during the summer of 1155 : as, for instance,
.18 crowning, as Emperor, Frederick Barbarossa, the celebrated Hohenstaufen,
7hich took place in the month of June. In the autumn of 1155, Adrian IV. went
Beneventum for the purpose of absolving William, King of Sicily, from his
xcommunication, and receiving his homage (see page 445, Muratori, above mentioned).
a fact, Pope Adrian IV. was never so powerful at Rome as he was in that year ;
aving the support of the Emperor, as well as that of his own troops. For further infor-
lation, the reader is referred to the great Benedictine Work : " Histoire des Gaules et
e la France," T. xv., p. 661.
our privilege to receive from the Holy Father, per the Right Eev. Doctoi
Kirby, Bishop of Lita, and Rector of the Irish College in Rome (througl:
whom the Presentation was made), the following kind and courteous
" Rome, 30th December, 1881.
" Dear Sir,
" I had the pleasure to receive j'our esteemed letter of the 2oth instant, which was
followed by j'our Work on the 'Irish Pedigrees,' a day or two after. I hasten U
inform you that I had the honour of an audience with the Holy Father on yesterday,
and I availed myself of the occasion to present him with your Work, which h€
graciously received. I explained to him its object. He looked over it with interest,
and said that he would have it placed in the Library. He was pleased to authorize
me to send to you, together with bis thanks for the Work, his Apostolic Benediction,
which I trust will be a help and an impulse to you to continue to employ your
superior talents for the advantage of our holy religion and country, in the production
of works useful to both ; thus meriting for yourself at the proper time the encomium
and promise of Divine Wisdom : * Qui eluddant me vitam ctternam habebunt.' Wishing
you every success in your most laudable undertaking, and all the blessings and graces of
this holy season,
" I am, yours sincerely,
,, ^ , "^T. KiRBY, Bishop of Lita, etc.
*' Ringsend, Dublin."
It only remains for us to express our grateful acknowledgments to the
late Sir Samuel Ferguson, LL.D., Q.C., and the Officers in his Department
with whom we came in contact in the Public Record Office ; to John K.
Ingram, Esq., LL.D., the Librarian of Trinity College, and his obliging
Assistants; to the Rev. M. H. Close, M.A.,*^ Major MacEniry, John T.
Gilbert, Esq., F.R.S., and J. J. MacSweeney, Esq., all in the Royal Irish
Academy, Dublin : for the uniform kindness and courtesy which we
experienced from each and every of them during our tedious researches in
their respective Institutions.
For other literary aid (see the Preface to Vol. II.) received from Alfred
Webb., Esq., Dublin ; Thomas O'Gorman, Esq., Sandymount, Dublin ;
C. J. Hubbard, Esq., United States, America; Rev. C. A. Agnew, Edin
burgh ; S. Smiles, Esq., London ; Rev. George Hill, late Librarian, Queen's
College, Belfast; William J. Simpson, Esq., Belfast; and James M'Oarte,
Esq., Liverpool, our best thanks are also due, and here respectfully
As this Work unveils the ancestors of many of the present Irish,
Anglo-Irish, and Anglo-Norman families, of various shades of religious
and political opinions, we have endeavoured in its pages to subserve no
sect or party. And we beg to say that, while our Irish Pedigrees and
our Irish Linded Gentry are necessarily national in character, there
is nothing in them to wound the feelings of Celt or Saxon, Catholic or
Protestant, Liberal or Conservative.
Hardinge (see his "Epitome" MS., in the Eoyal Irish Academy,
Dublin), in his *' Circumstances attending the Civil War in Ireland in 1641-
1652," truly says:
" In the rise and progress of Empires, as naturally as in the lives of men, there
are events concerning which the biographer or historian would willingly remain silent,
did not the salutary lessons to be derived from them demand publication."
That sentence we freely adopt, and we heartily endorse the sentiment it
contains. "VVe shall rejoice that we did not remain "silent," if the publication
of the facts which we record in this Work will conduce to the removal of
the causes for discontent which have long distracted our afflicted country :
While History's Muse the memorial was keeping,
Of all that the dark hand of Destiny weaves,
Beside her the Genius of Erin stood weeping,
For hers was the story that blotted the leaves.
KiNGSEND School, Eingsenp,
Dublin: December, 1887.
FROM THE PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.
As accounting for the appearance of this Work I should mention that,
from a certain family tradition, conveyed to me in my boyhood, it was my
life's ambition to meet with some ancient Irish Manuscript that would
throw light on my family pedigree. It was, therefore, that I hailed with
pleasure the publication, in 1846, of the Annals of the Four Masters'^
(Dublin : Geraghty, 8, Anglesea Street), which Owen Connellan, Irish
Historiographer to their late Majesties George the Fourth and AVilliam
the Fourth, translated into English, from Irish Manuscripts preserved in the
Libraries of Trinity College and the Royal Irish Academy, Dublin. From
the same Manuscripts the late John O'Donovan, LL.D., M.R.I.A., also
translated and edited the •' Annala Bioghachta Eireann ; or. The Annals of
the Kingdom of Ireland," by the Four Masters, from the Earliest Period
to the Year a.d. 1616. Dublin: Hodges and Smith, Grafton Street,
Those " Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland" I need not say I read with
care ; from them I derived a large fund of valuable information which I
freely employed in the compilation of this Volume.
For other information in connection with my subject, I am also
indebted to " The Tribes and Customs of the district of Hy-Maine,"t
published by the Irish Archaeological Society ; " The Book of Rights ;"
Celtic Society; "The Topographical Poems by O'Dugan and O'Heerin :"t
* Four Masters : The " Foiir Masters" were so called, because Michael O'Clery,
Peregriae O'Clery, Conary O'Clery, together with Peregrine O'Duigenan (a learned
antiquary of Kilronan, in the county Roscommon), were the four principal compilers
of the ancient Annals of Ireland in the 17th century. Besides the above-named
authors, however, two other eminent antiquaries and chroniclers assisted in the com-
pilation of the Annals— namely, Ferfassa O'Mulconry and Maurice O'Mulconry, both
of the county Roscommon.— Connellan.
^Hy- Maine : " Hy-Maine" was the principality of the 'Kelly s ; a large terri-
tory comprised within the present counties of Galway and Roscommon, and extending
from the river Shannon, at Lanesboroiigh, to the county Clare, and from Athlone to
Athenry in the county Galway ; these O'Kellys were of the Clan Colla. The O'Kellys
in the ancient Kingdom of Meath, who were one of the families known as the " Four
Tribes of Tara," were descended from the Clan Colmau of the southern Hy-Niall.
X O'Dugan and O'Heerin : Shane O'Dugan, the author of " O'Dugan's Topography,"
was the chief poet to O'Kelly of Hy-Maine; and died a.d. 1372. GioUa-na-Neev
O Heerin, who died a.d. 1420, wrote a continuation of O'Dugan's Topography : these
Topographies give names of the Irish Chiefs and Clans in Ireland from the twelfth to
the fifteenth century. — Connellan.
FKOM THE PEEFACE id FIEST EDITION. xiii
[rish Arch, and Celt. Society ; " Kollin's Ancient History :" Blackie and
3on, Glasgow; Yeatman's "Early English History:" Longmans, Green,
ind Co., London ; Miss Cusack's *' History of Ireland :" National Publica-
tion Office, Kenmare ; " Irish Names of Places," by P. W. Joyce, LL.D. :
M<Glashan and Gill, Dublin; O'Callaghan's "History of the Irish
Brigades:" Cameron and Ferguson, Glasgow; Haverty's "History of
[reland:" Duffy, Dublin; The Ahh6 MacGeoghegan's "History of
[reland ;" Keating's " History of Ireland," etc.
But the work to which I am most indebted for the Irish Pedigrees
is that portion of the Annals of Ireland known as " O'Clery's Irish
3renealogies;" so called because compiled by Michael O'Clery, who was the
chief author of the " Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland," above men-
Actuated by the consideration that, should I neglect to publish this
Work or consign it to a future time, another opportunity for collecting
oaaterials reliable as those now in my possession might never again
present itself, I have ventured to unveil the Irish Genealogies. In doing
50 I beg to say that I had no sect or party to subserve ; for, in the Irish
Pedigrees are given the genealogies of families of various shades of
religious and political opinions.
RiNGSEND School, Dublin,
December J 1875.
FEOM THE PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION.
At all times the subject of genealogies must command the respect and
attention of both rich and poor ; on account of the intimate bearing it has
upon the individual, together with the tribes, people, nation, and family
to which he belongs. So it was in the past ; and so it ever shall be. The
ancient Romans were fond of having the statues of their illustrious
ancestors in prominent places, so as to animate themselves to deeds of
virtue and valour ; and also that the memory of them would shed lustre
on their descendants. Even our blessed Saviour would condescend to
have his genealogy, according to the flesh, traced up and left on record :
the Evangelist St. Matthew traces it back to Abraham; the Evangelist St.*
Luke, back to our first parents. And we are told by St. Jerome'that, in
his own day, the boys in the very streets of Jerusalem could name their
ancestors up to Adam.
The ancient Irish were not behind other nations in this respect j for,
according to O'Donovan, in the Miscellany of the Celtic Society (1849)—
' ' Those of the lowest rank among a great tribe traced and retained the whole line
Of their descent with the same care which in other nations was peculiar to the rich
'"t Tn '.)!''' J' T \T ^-^ 7" ^'"''^°^y '^'^ ^^° '^ '^^ *^ibe, poor as well as
wa' bo^i 1 TT t r ""' '''''' ""'' "-^'* °' ^'^^'^'y - *^^ - *-^ - which b"
was born, the soil of which was occupied by one family or clan, and in which no one
lawfully possessed any portion of the soil if he was not of the same race as the chief.''
Up to the end of the sixteenth century— or as long as the -Tanist
Law"^ remained in force in Ireland, collections of authentic Irish pedi^^rees
existed ; in one or other of which was carefully registered, the birtl of
every member of a sept, as well of the poor as of the rich, and by which
was determined the portion of land to be allotted for the sustenance of
each head of a family and of those dependent on him. All those local
records have disappeared : when, by the conquest of Ireland, they ceased
to be useful for their own special purpose, they would naturally be
neglected; and, in all probability, have most of them perished But
before they disappeared, they doubtless formed the basis of the genealogical
collections made by O'Clery, MacEirbis, Keating, and O'Ferrall, etc.
,;. '1^ ti"^e came," writes the author of T/.e Lifeand Letters of Florence MacCarthy
Mor, when it was of importance for the conquerors of Ireland to know something of
* Tmkt.Latv : See " The La;ys of Tanistry," in No. 1 Appendix, of Vol. II.
FROM THE PEEFACE TO SECOND EDITION. xv
i e native families from whom they must expect irreconcilable hostility, or might
I ,pe for allegiance ; and out of this necessity arose a new value for all genealogical
i cords, present and past, which had not yet perished. The attention of English
j Scial personages in Ireland, towards the close of the sixteenth century, was, in a
jarked manner, directed towards the recovery of such documents ; and able statesmen
I £e Sir George Carewe, then President of Munster ; Lord Burgley, and Sir Robert
|)cyll ; Irish supporters of the Government, like the Earl of Thomond ; oflBcial legal
ijrsons, as Richard Hadsor ; and, as Dr. O'Donovan asserts, paid spies, employed by
jielord deputies, greatly contributed to the preservation of Irish pedigrees, and truth
j say, greatly also to the inaccuracies and confusion in which so many collections
K)und. From wills and lawsuits — customary sources of genealogical evidence little
formation could be expected amongst a people who had no power of disposing of
le portion of sept-lands which they held during life, and whose contentions when not
ttled by the sword, were pleaded and decided orally by Brehons on hill-sides under
le open heavens, and which were little likely to be i^laced on permanent record : hence