John O'Hart.

Irish pedigrees; or, The origin and stem of the Irish nation (Volume 1) online

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Wicklow. Originally located in Kildare and Car low, and afterwards in Dublin and
Meath, the O'Dufiys migrated in modern times to Louth, Monaghan, Cavan, Galway,
and Roscommon. II. O'Fagan or MacFagan are considered by some to be of English
descent. D'Alton, in his " History of the County Dublin," mentions some of this
family who, in the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth centuries, were high sheriflFs, in
Meath and Dublin. In former times the Fagans of Feltrim, near Dublin, and other
parts of that county, were highly respectable, and held extensive possessions. 12.
O'Murphy, chiefs in Wexford, were also numerous in the counties of Dublin and
Meath. 13. O'Mullen, numerous in Meath, Dublin, and Kildare. 14. MacGioUa-
mocholmog or Gilcolm, and O'Dunchada or O'Donoghoe, are mentioned by O'Dugan as
lords of Fingal, near Dublin ; and, as mentioned in the chapter on " Hy-Kinsellagh,'
there was another MacGiollamocholmog, lord of a territory on the borders of Wicklow.
15. O'Muirclieartaigli, O'Moriarty, or O'Murtagh, chiefs of the tribe of O'Maine ; and
O'Modam, chiefs of Cineal Eochain, are mentioned by O'Dugan as chiefs of the Britons
or Welsh ; and appear to have been located near Dublin. 16. MacMuireagain, lords J
of East Liffey, in the tenth century.



(6) The New Settlers in Dublin and Kildare.

As explained in the account of the grant of the Kingdom of Meath to Hugh
Lacy by King Henry the Second, De Lacy and his barons became possessed of
greater portion of the present county Dublin ; Hugh Tyrrell got the territory about
Castleknock, which was long held by his descendants, as barons of Castleknock ; the
Phepoes got Santry and Clontarf, and, according to MacGeoghegan, Vivian de Cursun
got the district of Eaheny, near Dublin, which belonged to Giollamocholraog.

In Dublin: — In the county and city of Dublin, the following have been the
principal families, from the twelfth to the eighteenth century, but some of whom, if
will be seen, are of Irish descent : — Talbot, Tyrrell, Plunket, Preston, Bamwall, St.
Lawrence, Taylor, Cruise, Cusack, Cogan, White, Walsh, WaU, Warren, Wogan,
Woodlock, Darcy, Netterville, Marward, Phepo, FitzwiUiam, Fleming, Fitzsimons,
Archbold, Archer, Allen, Aylmer, Ball, Bagot, De Bathe, JButler, Barry, Barret^
Bermingham, Brett, Bellew, Blake, Brabazon, Finglas, Sweetman, Hollywood, Howth,
Hussey, Bumell, Dowdall, Dillon, Segrave, Sarsfield, Stanihurst, Lawless, Cadellj
Evans, Drake, Grace, Palmer, Eustace, Fyan or Fynes, Foster, Gough, Berrill, Bennet,
Brown, Duff, Nangle, Woder, Tuite, Tew, Trant, Peppard, LuttreU, Eawson, Vernon,
Delahoyde, tFsher, Garnet, Hamilton, Domville, Coghill, Cobb, Grattan, Molesworth,
Latouche, Putland, Beresford, Shaw, Smith, etc. For accounts of all those famili^
and others, see D'Alton's Histories of Dublin and Drogheda.

In Kildare : — In the county Kildare, the following have been the chief families
Anglo-Norman and English descent : — Earl Strongbow (a quo, probably the namef
" Strong" and " Stronge") having become heir to the kingdom of Leinster, as son-in-
law of Dermod MacMurrough, king of that province, as already mentioned, gave grants
of various parts of Leinster to his followers. Amongst other grants, Strongbow gave
in Kildare to Maurice Fitzgerald, Naas and Offelan, which had been part of " O'Kelly'f
CoTintry ;" to Myler Fitzhenry he gave Carbery ; to Robert de Bermingham, Offaley,
part of "O'Connor's Country ;" to Adam and Richard de Hereford, a large territory
about Leixlip, and the district called De Saltu Salmonis or the Salmon Leap (on the



o^f?



the t'vi



PRINCIPAL FAMILIES OF ANCIENT MEATH. 835

banks of the river Liffey, between Leixlip and Celbridge), from wbich the baronies of
North, and South " Salt" derive their name ; and to Robert FitzRichard he gave the
barony of Narragh. The family of De Riddlesford, in the reign of King John, got the
district of Castledermot, which was part of the territory of O'Toole, prince of Imaile,
in Wicklow ; and Richard de St. Michael got from King John the district of Rheban,
near Athy, part of " O'Moore's Country ;" and from the St. Michaels, lords of Rheban,
the manors of Rheban and Woodstock in Kildare, with Dunamase in the Queen's
County, passed to the Fitzgeralds, barons of Offaley, a.d. 1424, by the marriage of
Thomas Fitzgerald with Dorothea, daughter of Anthony O'Moore, prince of Leix. As
already mentioned, the county Kildare, in the thirteenth century, became the inherit-
ance of Sibilla, one of the daughters of William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, by Isabella,
daughter of Strongbow, and grand-daughter of Dermod MacMurrough, King of
Leinster ; and Sibilla having married William Ferrars, Earl of Derby, he became in
right of his wife lord of Kildare ; which title passed (by intermarriage of his daughter
Agnes) to William de Vesey, a nobleman of the De Veseys, barons of Knapton in
Yorkshire ; and this William de Vesey was appointed by King Edward the First lord
justice of Ireland, and was lord of Kildare and Rathangan. But having some contests
•with John FitzThomas Fitzgerald, baron of Offaley, who charged him with high treason,
it was awarded to decide their disputes by single combat. De Vesey, having declined the
combat and fled to France, was attainted, and his possessions and titles were conferred
on Fitzgerald, who, a.d. 1316, was, by King Edward the Second, created earl of Kildare ;
and his descendants were, in modern times, created dukes of Leinster (see the
" FitzGerald" pedigree) . The other chief families in Kildare have been those of
Aylmer, Archbold, Bagot, Eurgh or Bourke, Butler, Brereton, Burrough, Boyce,
Dungan or Dongan, Keating, Eustace or FitzEustace, Preston, Lawless, Wogan,
Warren, White, Woulfe, Ponsonby, Nangle, Hort, etc. Some of the Aylmers of
Kildare became barons of Balrath in Meath ; and Arthur Woulfe, chief justice of the
Queen's Bench, who was created " Viscount Kilwarden," was of the Wolfes or Woulfes
of Kildare.



(c) The Modern Nobility op Dublin and Kildare.

The following have been the noble families in the counties of Dublin and Kildare
since the reign of King John : —

In Dublin :— As already explained, the De Lacys were lords of Meath and of a
great part of Dublin. In the year 1384, Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford, and Lord
Lieutenant of Ireland, was created Marquis of Dublin and Duke of Ireland ; and, in
the present Royal Family of Great Britain and Ireland, some of the dukes of Cumber-
land were earls of Dublin. Talbot, a branch of the Talbots, earls of Shrewsbury,
Waterford, and Wexford, have been celebrated families in Dublin and Meath, chiefly at
Malahide and Belgard in the county Dublin ; and were created barons of Malahide, and
barons of Fumival : of these was Richard Talbot, the celebrated duke of Tyrconnell,
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, under King James the Second. The Plunkets, great
families in Dublin, Meath, and Louth, were created barons of Killeen and earls of
Pingal ; and branches of them, barons of Dunsany in Meath, and barons of Louth;
SVilUam Conyngham Plunket, formerly Lord Chancellor of Ireland, was created
* Baron Plunket." Preston, viscounts Gormanstown, and some of them viscounts of
Cara. St. Lawrence, earls of Howth. Bamwall, viscounts of Kingsland, and barons
•f Turvey ; and also barons of Trimblestown in Meath. De Courcey, barons of Kil-
larrock. Fitzwilliam, viscounts of Merrion. Rawson, viscounts of Clontarf. Beau-
ttont, viscounts of Swords ; the Molesworths, viscounts of Swords. Temple, viscounts
•almerstown or Palmerston. Treacy, viscounts of Rathcoole. Patrick Sarsfield, the
debrated commander of the Irish forces under King James the Second, was created
Earl of Lucan;" and the Binghams are now earls of Lucan. The Marquis of
Vharton, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, was created earl of Rathfarnham ; and the family
f Loftus, viscounts of Ely, were also earls of Rathfarnham. Luttrell, earls of
arhampton. Leeson, earls of MQtown. Harman, viscounts of Oxmantown (the name
i an ancient district in the vicinity of Dublin) ; and the family of Parsons, earls of

JB, in the King's County, are barons of Oxmantown. Wenman, barons of Kilmain-



836 IRISH PEDIGREES.



I



ham. Barry, barons of Santry. Caulfield, earls of Charlemont, resided until lately at
Marino, Clontarf. Brabazon, earls of Meath, have extensive possessions in WicMow
and Dublin. And Thomas O'Hagan, of Dublin, Lord Chancellor of Ireland under the
Gladstone Administration, was a.d. 1870, in the peerage of the United Kingdom,
created " Baron O'Hagan." — See the " O'Hagan" pedigree.

In Kildare the following have been the noble families since the Anglo-Norman
invasion : Fitzgerald, barons of Offaley, earls and marquises of Kildare, and dukes of
Leinster. The title of "Earl of Leinster" was, a.d. 1659, borne by the family ol
Cholmondely ; and the title of ** Duke of Leinster" was, a.d. 1719, held by a descendant
of Duke Schomberg. De Vesey or De Vesci, lords of Kildare and Rathangan. De
Lounder, barons of Naas ; Preston, also barons of Naas. St. Michael, barons oJ
Rheban. FitzEustace, barons of Kilcullen in Kildare, of Portlester in Meath, and
viscounts of Baltinglass in Wicklow. Bourke, barons of Naas, and earls of Mayo.
Bermingham, barons of Carbery. Wellesley, barons of Narragh. Allen, viscounts oJ
Allen in Kildare, and barons of Stillorgan in Dublin. Burgh, barons Down. Pomeroy,
barons flarberton, and viscounts of Carbery. Agar, barons of Somerton, and earls oi
Normanton. Lawless, barons of Cloncurry. The barons De Roebeck. Moore, earh
and marquises of Drogheda, and barons of Mellifont in Louth, reside at Monasterevai
in Kildare. Scott, earls of Clonmel ; and the family of Clements, earls of Leitrim,
have seats in Kildare.



v.— THE ANCIENT KINGDOM OF LEINSTEK.*

1.— HY-KINSELLAGH AND CUALAN ; OR WEXFORD, WICKLOW,
CARLOW, AND PART OF DUBLIN.

Under this head will be given the history and topography of the ancient territorie
comprised in the present counties of Wexford, Wicklow, and Carlo w, with their chiei
and clans, and the possessions of each in ancient and modern times. The territory c
** Hy-Cinsealach" [Hy-Kinsela] derived its name from Enna Cinsealach, King (
Leinster in the time of St. Patrick ; and comprised at one time the present countif
of Wexford and Carlo w, with some adjoining parts of Wicklow, Kilkenny, and Queen -
County.

* Leinster : The ancient kingdom of Leinster comprised the present counties of Wexford, Wicklo'
Carlow, and Queen's County, the greater part of Kildare, of King's County, Kilkenny, and that part
Dxiblin south of the river Lifley. Parts of Kilkenny bordering on Tipperary, and the southern parts r
the King's County, belonged to ancient Munster ; and some of the northern part of the King's Coun i
belonged to the province of Meath. The above named territories continued to be the limits of Leinst ^
down to the reign of Queen Elizabeth ; but in after times the old kingdom of Meath was added
Leinster, and also the county Louth, which was a part of the ancient kingdom of Ulster.

Leinster in early times was called Gaillian orCoigeadh Gaillian, from its being possessed by the tri
of Firvolgians called Fir-Gaillian, signifying spear-men ; but it afterwards got the name of Laighei
[Laen] from the following circumstance : A few centuries before the Christian era, an Irish prin(
named Labhra Loingseach or Laura of the Ships (Latinized Lauradius Navalis), ha\Tng been banished
Gaul, became commander of the forces to the king of that country : and afterwards led an army of Gai
to Ireland for the recovery of the crown. He landed at a place more lately called Lough Garman (n(
Wexford Bay), and proceeded 'to Dinnrigh, an ancient fortress of the kings of Leinster, which w
situated near the river Barrow, between Carlow and Leighlin, and there put to death the Monar
Cobthach Caolbhreagh (No. 60, page 355), son of the Monarch Hugony the Great ; and became hiius
the Ardrighof Ireland. The name " Garman" was afterwards applied to the whole of the territory n(
forming the county Wexford ; and the people called " Garmans," because this Gauhsh colony ^^
settled there came from those parts of Germany adjoining Gaul. The Gaulish troops brought over
Laura were armed with green broad-headed spears, called Laighin, which were introduced amongst
the forces of the province : hence it got the name of Coigeadh [coogu] Laighean or the " province of t
spears ;" and from Laighean or Laen came the name Laen-Tir, which has been anglicised " Leinstt
or the Territory of the Spears.

When the Firvolgians invaded Ireland, some of them landed in large force in Connaught, at En
in Mayo ; and were called Firdomnians or Damnonians. Another body of them landed under one
their commanders named Slainge, the son of Dela, at a place called after him Inbhear Slainge [In^
Slaney], now the Bay of Wexford, from which the river " Slaney" takes its name. These Firyolgis
were called Fir-Gaillian or spear-men as already mentioned ; and possessed the counties of Wexfo
"VVicklow, and Carlow, under the name of " Galenii" or "Galenians." This territory was in after aj






1



FAMILIES OF THE ANCIENT KINGDOM OF LEINSTER. 837

O'Dugan, the learned historian of the O'Kellys, princes of Hy-Maine, gives a full
account of all the chiefs and clans of Leath Cain (i. e. Conn of the Hundred Battles*
half of Ireland or the kingdoms of Meath, Ulster, and Connaught— see No. 83, page
67), and collected part of the topography of Leinster ; but O'Heerin, another learned
historian, who died a.d. 1420, wrote a continuation of O'Dugan's Topography, com-
mencing thus : Tuilleadh Feasa air Eirinn Oigh, or " An Addition o*" Knowledge on
Sacred Erin ;" in which he gives an account of all the chiefs and clans of Leath
Mogha (i.e. Mogha's half of Ireland or the kingdoms of Leinster and Munater), and
the territories they possessed in the twelfth century.



(a) The Irish Chiefs and Clans of Hv-Kixselagh and Cualax.

The following accounts of the chiefs and clans of Wexford, Wicklow, and Carlow,
and the territories possessed by each, have been collected from the Topographies of
O'Heerin, O'Dugan, O'Brien, O'Halloran, and other sources. It appears that O'Dugan
collected part of the topography of Leinster ; but it was chiefly compiled by O'Heerin,
who says :

*' Leath jNIogha, the portion of Helper the Fair,
The two southern territories of Erin !
Thus the plain of Leinster is mine ;
And each brave man to the Bay of Limerick."

1. O'Tuathail or O'Toole, chiefs of Hy-Murray, an extensive territory comprising
the greater part of the baronies of TalbotstowTi and Shilelagh in the county Wicklow,
and extending as far as Almain, now the Hill of Allen, in the county Kildare ; thus
containing a great portion of the baronies of Naas, Kilcullen, Kilkea and Moone, and
Connell, in that county. The O'Tooles were princes of Imaile ; of the same race as
the MacMurroughs ; and like them eligible to be kings of the province of Leinster.
The celebrated St. Lawrence O'Toole was of this family. 2. O'Brain, O'Broln, or
O'Byrne, were chiefs of Hy-Briuin Cualan (which comprised the greater part of
the barony of Ballinacor, called •'O'Byrne's Country"), and also the Ranelagh : hence
the O'Byrnes were styled lords of Ranelagh. 3. O'Ceallaigh or O'Kelly, and O'Taidhg,
chiefs of Hy-Maile [Imaile] and of Hy-Teigh. This ancient family of O'Teigh have
anglicised the name "Tighe;" and the O'Kellys here mentioned were of the same
race as the MacMurroghs, O'Tooles, O'Byrnes, etc. The territory of Hy-Teigh was
also called Crioch Cualan or "Cualan's Country," which comprised the baronies of
Eathdown, Newcastle, and Arklow. 4. MacGiollamocholmog, chiefs of Cualan. 5.
O'Cosgraidh or O'Cosgrave, and O'Fiachraidh, other chiefs in Cualan. 6. O'Galthln,
and O'Dunlaing or Dowling (some of this family have anglicised the name " Laing"),
chiefs of Siol Elaigh and the Lagan ; this territory of Siol Elaigh is now the barony

called Hy-Cinsealach, which derived its name from Enna Ciasealach, King of Leinster at the advent of
St. Patrick to Ireland ; and comprised the present counties of Wexford and Carlow, with some adjoin-
ing parts of "Wicklow, Kilkenny, and Queen's County.

The territories now forming the counties of Dublin and Kildare are connected with some of the
earliest events in Irish history : Partholan or Bartholinus, the Scythian, who planted the first colony
in Ireland, had his residence at Binn Eadair, now the Hill of Howth. At this place Bartholinus wasr
cut off by a plague, together with his entire colony ; all of whom were buried, according to some
authors, at Moy-nEalta or the Plain of Birds, afterwards called Clontarf; but according to O'Brien
these people were buried at a place called Tamlachta Muintir Fartholain (signifying the burial cairns
of the people of Bartholinus), which is now the Hill of TaUaqht, near Dublin. Crimthann Niadh-Nar,
Monarch of Ireland when Christ was born (see No. 7.'i, page 356), had his chief residence and fortress,
called Dun Crimthann or Crimthann's Fort, on the Hill of Howth ; and so had Conary the Great, the
97th Monarch of Ireland. Crimthann Niadh-Nar was a famous warrior, celebrated for his military
expeditions to Gaul and Britain ; and brought to Ireland from foreign countries many valuable spoils,
amongst other things a gilded war-chariot, two hounds coupled together with a silver chain, and
valued at three hundred cows; according to the Glossary of King Cormac JlicCuUenan of Cashel, this
was the first introduction of greyhounds into Ireland. The ancient Irish kings and chieftains (like
their Celtic or. Scythian ancestors), as well as those of Gaul and Britain, fought in war-chariots, in the
same manner as did Maud (elsewhere mentioned), the famous heroine and Queen of Connaught ; and
as did the British Queea Boadicea, etc. Numerous memorials of the most remote ages still exist in
the counties of Dublin and Kildare, as in all other parts of Ireland ; of which full accounts may be
found in D'Alton's History of the County, and of the Archbishops of Dublin ; Ware's and Grose's
Antiquities ; Vallancey'a Collectanea, etc.— Connbllan.



838 IRISH PEDIGREES.

of " Shilelagh," in the south of the county Wicklow. 7. CMurchada or O'Murpliy,
chiefs of Crioch O'Fehue or Hy-Feidhlime [Hy-Felimy], and of the same race as the
MacMurroughs, kings of Leinster. Hy-Felimy extended along the sea coast, and Mas
commonly called the "Murrowes;" and comprised the barony of Ballagheen in the
county Wexford. 8, O'Gairbidli or OGarvey, other chiefs in Hy-Felimy. 9. O'Cos-
graidh or O'Cosgrave, chiefs of Beantraidhe, now the barony of *' Bantry," county
Wexford. 10. O'Duithgin, probably O'Dugan, chiefs in Shelbourne, a barony in AYex-
ford. 11. O'Lorcain or O'Larkin, chiefs of Fothart, the territory of the Foharta, now the
barony of " Forth," in the county Wexford ; the O'Larkins had their fortress at Carn,
now the headland called Carnsore Point. 12. O'h-AirtgliDile [Oli-Airtghaol : Irish, the
kindred of O' Hart), anglicised "Haitly" and "Hartilly," chiefs of Crioch-na-gCenel (the
country of the clans) or Criochnageneal, a territory near " O'Larkin's Country," above
mentioned. 13. O'Riaghain or O'Ryan, lord of Hy-T)rona, a territory which comprised
the present baronies of "Idrone,"in the county Carlow. The O'Ryans were styled
princes of Hy-Drona, and were the stock of the ORyans who had extensive posses-
sions in Tipperary. 14. O'Nuallain, O'Nolan, or O'Nowlan, chiefs of Fotharta Feadha,
now the barony of " Forth," in the county Carlow. 15. O'Kinsellagli, O'Cahill,
O'Doyle, O'Bulger, and MacCoskley, were powerful clans and had large possessions in the
counties of Wexford and Carlow. O'Brien or MacBrien, and O'Moore, were also
respectable families in Wexford. O'Doran held the high office of hereditary Brehons
of Leinster ; and, being the judges of that province, had extensive possessions under
its ancient kings. Donald Caomhanach [Cavanagh], a son of King Dermod Mac-
Murrough, succeeded partly to the inheritance of the kingdom of Leinster ; and from
him some of his descendants took the name of Kavanagh or Cavanagh, or MacMur-
r ough - Ka vanagh .



{h) Notice ox Hy-Kixselagh.

The counties of AVaterford and Wexford were intimately connected with the Anglo-
Norman invasion under Strongbow and his followers : Dermod MacMurrough, King
of Leinster, after giving his daughter Eva in marriage to Richard de Clare, Earl of
Pembroke (commonly called Strongbow), at Waterford, a.d. 1171, also conferred on
him the title of " Heir Presumptive to the Kingdom of Leinster." After Dermod'a
death Strongbow succeeded to the sovereignty of Leinster, in right of his wife Eva,
by whom he had an only daughter Isabel, who became heiress of Leinster ; and was
married to William Marshall, earl of Pembroke ; who, in right of his wife, enjoyed
the sovereignty of Leinster. Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, had by his marriage with
Isabel five sons and five daughters ; all the sons, namely, William, Richard, Gilbert,
Walter, and Anselm, became in succession earls of Pembroke, and lords or princes of
Leinster ; but all having died without issue, the male line became extinct ; the fiv^
daughters were all inteimarried into noble families in England, and the different
counties of Leinster were divided amcng&t them and their posterity (see " Hanmer's
Chronicle;" and Barcn Finglas's "Breviate of Ireland," in Harris's Eibernica),



(c) The New Settlers ix Hy-Kikselagh.

The New Settlers who joined Strongbow in Ireland, and gotlarge grants of lands,
were :

In Wexford — Maurice Fitzgerald, ancestor of the earls of Kildare and Desmond; Ir
Harvey de Monte Morisco, and Robert Fitzstephen. The other families who settled I >
in Wexford were those of Carew, Talbot, Devereux* Stafford, Sinnott, Sutton, Keating "
Power, Walshe, Fitzharris, Fitzhenry, Derenzy, Masterson, Butler, Brown, Rositer,

* Deverevx : This is the gallicised foim of the liiih shnavae LtlmTiearols ("leinihe:" Irish, sim-
plicity, foUi/, sininess ; " aros,"' a dwelling, a hovse, or habitation. Compare %rith it the French Vereux,
*' -woini-eaten " ** rottea," etc.) ; of -which family TcniLas Ltimheaiois (or Thomas Devereux) was an
Irifch Catholic Bishop, temp. Queen Eliaabetli.



FAillLIES OF THE ANCIENT KINGDOM OF LEINSTEK. 839

Redmond, Esmond, Hore, Harvey, Hay, Hughes, Codd, Comerford, Colclough, Lam-
bert, Boyce, Morgan, Tottenham, Ram, Furlong, etc. In the first volume of the
Desiderata Curiosa Hihemice, an account is given of various patentees and under-
takers who, in the reigns of Elizabeth and King James the First, got extensive grants
of forfeited lands which were confiscated in the county of Wexford. The following
persons obtained lots of those lands : — Sir Richard Cooke, Sir Laurence Esmond,
Sir Edward Fisher, Francis Blundell, Nicholas Kenny, William Parsons, Sir Roger
Jones, Sir James Carroll, Sir Richard Wingfield, Marshal of the Army ; Sir Adam
Loftus, Sir Robert Jacob, Captain Trevellian, Captain Fortescue ; and Conway Brady,
Queen Elizabeth's footman. Several families of the Old proprietors in Wexford are
enumerated, with the lands they possessed, and the re-grants of part of those lands
which they obtained ; as those of Masterson, MacMurrough, MacBrien, MacDowling,
MacDermott, Malone, Cavanagh, Moore, O'Bulger, O'Doran, Sinnot, Walsh, Codd, etc.

In Carlow the following have been the chief old English families : — De Bigod,
earls of Norfolk, by intermarriage with the daughter of William Marshall, Earl of
Pembroke, became lords of Carlow in the thirteenth century ; and, a.u. 1346, the
county of Carlow was granted to Thomas Plantagenet or De Brotherton, Earl of
Norfolk and Marshal of England : whose successors, the Mowbrays, and Howards,
dukes of Norfolk, possessed the county of Carlow down to the reign of King Henry
the Eighth, when they were deprived of it in consequence of the law against absentees
being enforced ; and after that time the Butlers, earls of Ormond, became possessed
of a great part of Carlow. It may be here observed, that iu the fourteenth century
the Courts of Exchequer and Common Pleas were for a long period held at Carlow.
The other chief families who settled in Carlow were the following : — Butler, Brown,
Burton, Bagnal, Carew, Cooke, Eustace, Rochfort, Cheever, Ponsonby, Astle or Astly,
Bunbury, Blackney or Blackeuey, Doyne, Bruen, etc.

In WicUoiv, Maurice Fitzgerald and his descendants, in the reigns of Henry the
Second and King John, got extensive grants of land about Arklow ; and Walter de
Riddlesford, who had the title of " Baron of Brey," got from King John a grant of