John O'Hart.

Irish pedigrees; or, The origin and stem of the Irish nation (Volume 1) online

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orders that he, too, should not be buried at Brugh Boine (which was the cemetery of most of the pagan
kings of Meath), but at Eos-na-Eiogh ; and that his face should be towards the rising sun ! Brugh
Boine (which signifies the " town or fortress of the Bojne") was a great cemetery of the pagan kings
of Ireland, and, according to some antiquaries, was situated near Trim ; but, according to others, more
probably at the place now called Stackallen ; between Navan and Slane in Meath. In various parts of
the ancient kingdom of Meath, in the counties of Meath, Westmeath, and Dublin, are many sepulchral
mounds (usually called " moats"), of a circular form, and having the appearance of hillocks : these are
the sepulchres of kings, queens, and warriors of the pagan times. There are several of these mounds
of great size, particularly on the banks of the Boyne, between Drogheda and Slane ; and one_ of thein.
at Ne\\ grange, is of immense extent, covering an area of two acres ; is about eighty feet in height ; and



I



ANCIENT KINGDOM OF CONNAUGHT. 849

foglmiair, anglicised " Milford ;" and CMaolbreanain, anglicised " Mulrennin," chiefs
of Hy-Eachacb Muaidhe, a district extending along the western bank of the river
" Moy," between Ballina and Killala. 8. O'Mongan or OMangaji, chiefs of Breach
Magh— a district in the parish of Kilmore Moy, on the eastern bank of the Moy, in the
CO. Sligo. 9. O'Conniallain or O'Connellan, chief of Bun-ui-Conniallan, now " Bunny-
connellan" — a district in the barony of Gallen, county Mayo ; and also of Cloon-
connellan, in the barony of Kilmain. 10, O'Ceirin or 6 Kearns, chiefs of Ciarraighe
Loch-na-Nairneadh — a territory in the barony of Costello, county Mayo, comprising
the parishes of Aghamore, Bekan, and Knock.

The other clans in Mayo and Sligo were : O'Bannen, O'Brogan, Mac Conbain,
O'Bean {ban : Irish, white), some of whom have anglicised the name " White" and
"Whyte;" O'Beolan or O'Boland ; O'Beirne, some of whom have anglicised their name
"Barnes;" O'Flatelly, O'Crean, O'Carey, O'Conachtain or O'Conaty of Cabrach or
Cabra in Tireragh ; O'Flanelly, O'Coolaghan, O'Burns, O'Hughes ; O'Huada or Heady,
O'Fuada or Fodey {fuadach : Irish, an elopement), and O' Papa or Tappy {tapadh :
Irish, haste) — these three last sirnames have been anglicised " Swift ;" O'Loingsy or
O'Lynch ; O'MaoImoicheirghe (mock : Irish, early), anglicised " Early" and " Eardiy ;"
(/Mulrooney or Rooney, O'Moran, O'Muldoon, O'Meehan, O'Caffrey or Caffrey,
O'Finnegan, O'Morrisey, O'Morris or O'Morrison; MacGeraghty, anglicised "Gar-
rett ;" O'Spillane, O'Donnell, and MacSweeney.



(h) The New Settlers in Mayo and Sligo.

In the 12th century John de Courcy made some attempts with his Anglo-Norman
forces towards the conquest of Connaught, but did not succeed to any extent. The
De Burgos or Bourkes, in the reign of King John, obtained grants in various parts of
Connaught ; and, for a long period, carried on fierce contests with the O'Connors,

was surrounded by a circle of huge stones standing upright, many of which still remain. The interioif
of this mound is formed of a vast heap of stones of various sizes ; and a passage, vaulted over with
y:reat flags, leads to the interior, where there is a large chamber or dome, and in it have been found
sepulchral urns, and remains of human bones. Cairns or huge heaps of stones, many of which still
remain on hills and mountains in various parts of Ireland, were also in pagan times erected as sepul-
chres over kings and chiefs.

In the "Books" of Armagh and Ballymote, and other ancient records, are given some curious ac-
counts of the customs used in the interment of the ancient kings and chiefs : Laoghaire (or Leary),
Monarch of Ireland in the fifth century, was buried in the rampart or rath called Rath Leary, at Tara,
with his militai'y weapons and armour on him ; his face turned soutli wards, bidding defiance, as it were,
to his enemies the men of Leinster. And Owen Beul, a king of Connaught in the sixth century, who
was mortally wounded at the battle of Sligeach (or Sligo), fought with the people of Ulster, gave
directions that he should be buried with his red javelin in his hand, and his face towards Ulster, as in
defiance of his enemies ; but the Ulstermen came with a strong force and raised the bodj- of the king,
and buried it near Lough GUI, with the face downwards, that it might not be the cause of making them
" fly" before the Conacians. Near Lough Gill in Sligo are two great cairns still remaining, at which
place was probably an ancient cemetery of some of the kings of Connaught ; and another arge one,
near Cong, in the county Mayo. There are still some remains of Reilig-na-Kiogh at Cruaghan or Cro-
aghan in the county Roscommon, consisting of a circular area of about two hundred feet in diameter,
surrounded with some remains of an ancient stone ditch ; and in the interior are heaps of rude stones
piled upon each other, as stated in " Weld's Survey of Roscommon." Dun Aengus or the Fortress of
Aengus. erected on the largest of the Arran Islands, off the coast of Galvvay, and situated on a tremen-
dous cliff overhanging the sea, consists of a stone work of immense strength of Cyclopean architecture,
composed of large stones without mortar or cement. It is of a circular form, and capable of containing
witlun its area two hundred cows. According to O'Flaherty, it was erected by Aengus or Conchobhar,
tiwo of the Firvolgian kings of Connaught, before the Christian era ; and was also called the Dun of
Concovar or Connor.

After the introduction of Christianity, the Irish kings and chiefs were buried in the abbeys,
churches, and cathedrals : the Monarch Brian Boru, killed at the battle of Clontarf, was, it is said,
buried in the cathedral of Armagh ; the kings of Connaught, in the abbeys of Clonmacnoise, Cong,
Knockmoy, Roscommon, etc.

It is stated by O'Flaherty, that six of the sons of Brian, king of Connaught, the ancestor of the
Hy-Briuin, were converted and baptized by St. Patrick, together with many of tlie people, on the plain
Of Moyseola in Roscommon ; and that the saint erected a church, called Domhnach Mor or the | ' great
church," on the banks of Lough Sealga, now Lough Hacket ; and that on three pillar stones which, for
the purpose of pagan worship, had been raised there in the ages of idolatry, he had the name of Christ
inacribed in three languages: on one of them, "lesus;" on another, "Soter;" and on the third,
" Salvator." Ono, a grandson of Brian, king of Connaught, made a present to St. Patrick of his palace,
CMlled Imleach Ona, where the saint founded the episcopal see of Oiljinn or " Elphin," which obtained
ihe name from a spring well the saint had sunk there, and on the margin of which was erected a large
Stone: thus from "Oil," which means a stone or rock, and "finn," which signi



3 H



850 IRISH PEDIGREES. j

kings of Connaiight, and various chiefs. They made considerable conquests in the
country, and were styled lords of Connaught ; but it appears that in the fourteenth
century, several chiefs of the Bourkes renounced their allegiance to the English
Government, and some of them took the sirname of "Mac William ;" and, adopting
the Irish language and dress, identified themselves vrith the ancient Irish in customs
and manners. One of them took the name of Mac William Oughter or Mac William
the Upper, who was located in Galway, the upjjer part of Connaught ; and another,
Iklac William Eighter, or Mac William the Lower, who was located in Mayo, or the
lower part. Some branches of the Bourkes took the sirnames of MacDavid, Mac-
Philbin, MacGibbon, from their respective ancestors. (See the "Bourke" pedigree.)

From Richard or Rickard de Burgo, a great portion of the county Galway got the
name of Clanrklcard, which, according to Ware, comprised the baronies of Clare,
Dunkellin, Loughrea, Kiltartan, Athenry, and Leitrim. The De Burgos became the
most powerful family in Connaught, and were its chief governors under the kings of
England. They were styled lords of Connaught, and also became earls of Ulster ;
but, on the death of William de Burgo, earl of Ulster, in the fourteenth century, and
the marriage of his daughter Elizabeth, to Lionel, Duke of Clarence, son of King
Edward the Third, his titles passed into the Royal Family of England.

Ulick Burke, the progenitor of the marquises of Clanrickard, had great posses-
sions in Galway and Roscommon ; and Sir Edmund Bourke, called " Albanach," had
large possessions in Mayo, and was ancestor of the earls of Mayo.

Mayo : The other families who settled in Mayo, were the following : — De Angulo
or Nangle, who took the Irish surname " MacCostello," and from whom the barony
of " Costello" derived its name. De Exter, who took the name of "MacJordan," and
were styled lords of Athleathan, in the barony of Gallen. Barrett, some of whom
took the sirname of " MacWatten j" and " Mac Andrew." Staunton, in Carra— some
of whom took the name of " MacAveely." Lawless, Cusack, Lynot, Prendergast, and
Fitzmaurice ; Berminghara, who changed their name to " MacFeorais ;" Blake, Dillon,
Bingham, etc. The MacPhilips are placed on the map of Ortelius in the barony of
Costello ; their principal seat is at Cloonmore, and they are a branch of the Bourkes
who took the name of " MacPhilip."

Mayo, according to some accounts, was formed into a county, as early as the reign
of Edward the Third ; but not altogether reduced to English rule till the reign of
Queen Elizabeth. In Speed's " Theatre of Great Britain," published, a.d. 1676, Mayo
is stated to be "replenished both with pleasure and fertility, abundantly rich in
cattle, deer, hawks, and plenty of honey." Mayo derives its name from "magh," a
plain and '* eo," a yeio tree, signifying the Plain of the Yew Trees.

In Sligo, the Anglo-Normans under the Bourkes and the Fitzgeralds (earls of
Kildare) made some settlements, and had frequent contests with the O'Connors ; and

name Oilfinn or Elphin was derived, and which meant the rock of the limpid water. O'Flaherty states "?
that this stone continued there till his own time, a.d. 1675.

A king of Connaught in the latter end of the seventh century, named Muireadhach Muilleathan, who
died A.D. 700, and a descendant of the above named Brian, son of Eochy Moyvone, was the ancestor of
the Siol Iiluireadhaigh ; which became the chief branch of the Hy-Briune race, and possessed the greater
part of Connaught, but were chieflj- located in the territory now forming the county Roscommon : hence
the term " Siol Murray" was applied to that territory. The O'Connors who became kings of Connaught
were the head chiefs of Siol Murray ; and took their name from Conchobhar or Connor, who was a
king of Connaught in the tenth century. The grandson of this Conchobhar, Tadhg an Eich Geal or
Teige of the White Steed, who was king of Connaught in the beginning of the eleventh century, and
who died a.d. 1030, was the first who took the sirname of " O'Connor." In the tenth century, as
mentioned in the Annals of the Four Masters, two or three of the O'Rourkes are styled kings of Con«
naught ; but, with these exceptions, the ancestors of the O'Connors of the race of Hy-Briune and Siol
Murray, and the O'Connors themselves, held the sovereignty of Connaught froni the fifth to the
fifteenth century ; and two of them became Monarchs of Ireland, in the twelfth centurj-, namelj', Tor-
logh O'Connor, called Toirdhealbhach Mor or Torlogh the Great, who is called bj- the annahsts the
" Augustus of Western Europe ;" and his son, Roderick O'Connor, who was the last Milesian Monarch
of Ireland. This Torlogh O'Connor died at Dunmore, in Galway, a.d. 1156, in the 6Sth year of his age,
and was buried at Clonmacnoise. And Roderick O'Connor, after having reigned eighteen years, abdi-
cated the throne, a.d. 1184, in consequence of the Anglo-Xorman invasion ; and, after a religious
seclusion of thirteen years in Cong Abbej-, in the county Mayo, died a.d. 1198, in the 82nd year of his
age, and was buried in Clonmacnoise in the same sepulchre Mith his father. In the " Memoirs" of
Charles O'Connor of Belenagar, it is said, that in the latter end of the fourteenth century the two
head chiefs of the O'Connors, namely, Torlogh Roe and Torlogh Don, having contended for the lordship
of Siol Murray, agreed to divide the territory between them. The families descended from Torlogn
Don called themselves the O'Connors " Don" or the Brown O'Connors ; while the descendants of Torlogh
Roe called themselves the O'Connors " Roe" or the Red O'Connors. Another branch of the O'Connors
got great possessions in the county Sligo, and were styled the O'Connors " Sligo." — Consellan.



ANCIENT KINGDOM OF CONNAUGHT. 851

with the O'Donnells (princes of Tirconnell), who had extended their power over a
great part of Sligo. Sligo derives its name from the rivar SUgeach (" Slig," a shell),
and was formed into a county, a.d. 1565, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, by the lord
deputy Sir Henry Sydney.



(c) Modern Nobility in Mayo and Sligo.

The following have been the noble families in Mayo and Sligo since the reign of King
James the First.

Mayo : Bourke, viscounts Clanmorris and earls of Mayo. Browne, barons of
Kilmain, barons of Westport, and barons of Oraumore. Bingham, barons of Castle-
bar ; and Saville, barons of Castlebar. Dillon, barons of Costello-Gallen, and
viscounts Dillon. O'Hara, barons of Tyrawley and Kilmain.

Sligo : Taaffe, barons of Ballymote, and viscounts of Corran. Coote, barons of
Collooney. Scudamore, viscounts of Sligo. And Browne, marquises of Sligo.



2.— ROSCOMMON AND GAL WAY.

(a) The Irish Chiefs and Clans.

The following chiefs and clans in Roscommon and Galway, and the territories pos-
sessed by them in the twelfth century, have been coUectel from O'Dugaa's Topo-
graphy and other sources : — 1. MacDiarmada, or MacDarmott, princes of Moylur^^, Tir-
Oilill, Tir-Tuathail, Arteach, and Clan Cuain. Moylurg comprised the plams of
Boyle, in the county Roscommon^.-TiFOIttH, now the barony of " Tirerill" in Sli»o •
Arteach, a district in Rosgomtoon near Lough Gayk, on the borders of Sli':'o and
Mayo ; Clan Cuain was aToistrict in the barony of CCarra, near Castlebar, comprising
the present parishes-^f Islandeady, Turlough, and Bijeaffy. The MacDermotts were
hereditary marshals of Connaught, the duties attached to which were to raise and
regulate the military forces, and to prepare them for battle, as commanders-in-chief •
also to preside at the inauguration of the O'Connors as kings of Connaught, and to
proclaim their election. The MacDermotts derive their descent from Teig'e of the
White Steed, king of Connaught in the eleventh century ; and are a bi-anch of the
O'Connors. This Teige had a son named Maolruanaidh, the progenitor of the Mac-
Dermotts : hence their tribe name was Clan Maolruanaidh or Clan Mulrooney. Diar-
maid {dia ; Irish, a god, and armaid, of arms, and signifying a great warrior), grandson
of Mulrooney, who died, a.d. 1165, was the head of the clan ; and from him they took
the name of "MacDermott." The MacDermotts had tbeir chief fortress at the Rock
of Lough Key, on an island in Lough Key, near B )yle ; and are the only Milesian
family who have preserved their title of Prince, namely, "Hereditary Prince of
Coolavin ;" a title by which the MacDermott is to this day recognised in the county
Sligo. The principal families of the MacDermotts in Connaught are —The Mac-
Dermott of Coolavin, and MacDermott Roe of Alderford in the county Roscommon.
The following were, according to O'Dugan, the ancient chiefs of M )ylurg before the
time of the MacDermotts : —

" The ancient chiefs of Moylurg of abundance :
MacEoach (or MacKeogh) ; MacMaoin (or MacMaine), the great.
And MacRiabhaidh (or Magreevy) the efficient forces."

2. O'Ceallaigh or O'Kelly. This name is derived from Ceallach, a celebrated chief of
the ninth century, who is the ancestor of the O'Kellys, princes of Hy-Maine. These
O'Kellys are a branch of the Clan CoUa of Orgiall in Ulster, and of the same descent
as the MacMahons, lords of Monaghan ; Maguires, lords of Fermanagh ; O'Hanlons,
lords of Orior in Armagh, etc. In the fourth century, Main M6r or Main the Great,
a chief of the Clan Colla, conquered a colony of the Firbolgs in Connaught ; and the
territory so conquered, which was possessed by his posterity, was after him called
Hy-Maine (signifying the territory possessed by the descendants of Main), which has
been Latinized "Hy-Mauia" and "I-Mania." This extensive territory comprised,



852 liliJSH PEDIGREES.

according to O'Flaherty and others, a great part of South Connaught in the present
county Galway, and was afterwards extended beyond the river Suck to the Shannon,
in the south of Eoscommon. It included the baronies of Ballymoe, Tiaquin, Killian,
and Kilcollan, with part of Clonmacnoon, in Galway ; and the barony of Athlone in
Hoscommon. The O'Kellys were styled princes of Hy-Maine, and their territory was
called " 0' Kelly's Country."

According to the "Dissertations" of Charles O'Connor, the O'Kellys held the
office of high treasurers of Connaught, and the MacDermotts that of marshals.
Tadhg or Teige O'Kelly, one of the commanders of the Connaught contingent of Brian
Boru's army at the battle of Clontarf, was of this ancient family. The O'Kellys had
castles at Aughrim, Garbally, Gallagh, Moui%'ea, Moylough, MuUaghmore, and
Aghrane (now Castlekelly), in the county Galway ; and at Athlone, Athleague, Cor-
beg, Galy, and Skrine, in the county Roscommon. The chiefs of the O'Kellys, accord-
ing to some accounts, were inaugurated at Clontuskert, about five miles from Eyre-
court in the county Galway, and held their rank as princes of Hy-Maine down to the
reign of Queen Elizabeth. 3. MacOireachtaigh or MacGeraghty, of the same stock as
the O'Connors of Connaught. In the Annals of the Four Masters, at a.d. 1278, Mac-
Oiraghty is mentioned as head chief of Siol Murray, a term applied to the central
parts of the county Eoscommon ; and, in the sixteenth century, when deprived of their
territories, some of the clan Geraghty settled in ]\Iayo and Sligo, and gave their name
to the island of Innis Murray, off the coast of Sligo, on account of their former title as
bead chiefs of Siol Murray, as in the Annals above mentioned. 4. O'Fionnaclita or
O'Finaghty, chiefs of Clan Conmaigh, and of Clan Murchada, districts in the two half
baronies of Ballymoe in the counties of Galway and Roscommon, in O'Kelly's princi-
pality of Hy-Maine. The O'Finaghtys here mentioned were of the Clan Colla ; and
two distinct chiefs of them are given by O'Dugan : one of them, Finaghty of "Clan
Murrogh of the Champions ;" and the other, Fmaghty of the " Clan Conway." O'Flu-
aghty (modernized " Finnerty"), chiefs of Clan Conway, had their castle at Dunamon,
near the river Suck, in the county Roscommon. It is stated in some old authorities,
that the O'Finaghtys had the privilege of drinking the first cup at every royal feast.
5. O'Fallamliain or O'Fallon were chiefs of Clan CJadach, a district in the barony of
Athlone, in the county Roscommon, comprising the parishes of Cam and Dysart, and
had a castle at Miltown. The O'Fallons were originally chiefs in Westmeath, near
Athlone. 6. O'Birn or O'Beime, chiefs of Muintir O'Mannachain, a territory along the
Shannon in the parish of Ballintobber, in Roscommon, extending nearly to Elphin.
7. CMannachain or O'Monaghan, was also chief on the same territory as O'Beirne.
These O'Beirnes are of a distinct race from the 0' Byrnes of Wicklow. 8. O'Hainlidhe,
O'Hanley, or Henley, chiefs of Cineal Dobhtha, a large district in the barony of Ballin-
tobber, along the Shannon. It formed part of the Three Tuatha or the Three Districts. '
9. MacBranain or MacBrennan, sometimes anglicised O'Brennan ; and O'MailmichU, '
anglicised " Mitchell." The O'Brennans and Mitchells were chiefs of Corca Achlann, <
a large district adjoining Cineal-Dobtha, in the barony of Roscommon. This district .
formed part of the "Tuatha" in which was situated the Slieve Baun Mountain. 10. ;
O'Flannagain or Flanagan, chiefs of Clan Cathail, a territory in the barony of Ros- r
common, north of Elphin. O'Maolmordha, O'Morra, or O'Moore, O'Carthaidh or ,■,
O'Carthy, and O'Mughroin or O'Moran, were also subordinate chiefs of Clan Cathail i|i
{Catkal and Serlus ; Irish, Charles: Span. Carlos), or Clan Charles. 11. O'Maol- $
brennain, anglicised "Mulrenan," chiefs of Clan Conchobhair or Clan Connor, a ]
district near Cruachan or Croaghan, in the barony and county of Roscommon. 12. t
O'Cathalain, chief of Clan Fogartaigh [Fogarty] ; and O'Maonaigh or O'Mooney, i
chiefs of Clan Murthuile. Clan Fogarty and Clan Murthuile were districts in Ballin- I
tubber, county Roscommon. 13. O'Conceannain or O'Concannon, chiefs of Hy- .1
Diarmada, a district on the borders of Roscommon and Galway, in the haronies of «:
Athlone and Ballymoe, 14. MacMurcliada, MacMurrougli or Murphy, chiefs of i;
Tomaltaigh in Roscommon, of which MacOiraghta was head chief. 15. O'Floinn or »'
O'Flynn, chiefs of Siol Maolruain, a large district in the barony of Ballintubber, \
county Roscommon ; in which lay Slieve Ui Fhioinn or O'Flynn's Mountain, which v
comprised the parishes of Kilkeeran and Kiltullagh, and part of the parish of Bally* I
nakill, in the barony of Ballymoe, county Galway. O'Maolmuaidh or O'Mulmay, was i
a subordinate chief over Clan Taidhg or Clan Teige in the same district. 16. O'Rotfc- jl
lain (ORowland, O'Roland, and O'Rollin), chiefs of Coill Fothaidh, a district on th#
borders of Eoscommon and Mayo. 17. O'SgaithgU or ScaMl, chiefs of Corca Mogha,a



ANCIENT KINGDOM OF CONNAUGHT. 853

district which comprised the parish of Kilkeeran, in the barony of Killian, county
Galway. O'Broin, anglicised " Burns," was chief of Lough Gealgosa, a district
adjoiniug Corca Mogha. 18. O'Talcharain (Taleran or Taleyrand), chiefs of Conmaicne
Guile, a district in the barony of Clare, county Galwaj'. 19. O'Cadhla, O'Cawley, or
Kealy, chiefs of Conmaicne Mara (or Connemara), now the barony of Ballynahinch, in
the county Galway. 20. MacConroi, anglicised " King," chiefs of Gno Mor ; and
O'Haidhnidh or O'Heany, chiefs of Gno Beag : districts which lay along the western
banks of Lough Corrib, in the barony of Moycullen, and county of Galway, in the
direction of Galway Bay. 21. MacAodha or MacHugh, chiefs of Clan Cosgraidh, a
district on the eastern side of Lough Corrib. 22. O'Flaithbheartaigli or O'Flaherty,
chiefs of Muintir Murchadha, now the barony of Clare, county Galway. In the
thirteenth century the O'Flahertys were expelled from this territory by the English ;
and, having settled on the other side of Lough Corrib, they got extensive possessions
there in the barony of Moycullen, and were styled lords of lar ('onacht or West Con-
naught. They also had the chief naval command about Lough Corrib, on some of the
islands of which they had castles. 23. 0'Heidhin or O'Heyne, anglicised "Hynes," was
styled Prince of South Hy-Fiachra, a district co-extensive with the diocese of Kilmac-
duagh ; and comprised the barony of Kiltartan, and parts of the baronies of Dunkellia
and Loughrea, in the county Galway, 24. O'Seachnasaigli, Cineal-Aodlia O'Shaugh-
nessey, O'Shannesy, chiefs of Cineal-Aodha (or Cineal-Hugh), a district in the barony
of Kiltartan, county Galway. Cineal-Hugh was sometimes called Cineal-Hugh of
Echty, a mountainous district on the borders of Galway and Clare. O'Cathail or O'Cahil
was also a chief of Cineal-Hugh. 25. MacGioUa Ceallaigh or MacGilkelly, anglicised
" Kilkelly," chiefs in South Fiachra. 26. O'Cleirigh or O'Clery, anglicised "Clarke,"
•chiefs in Hy-Fiachra Aidhne, same as MacGilkelly. This family took the name
** Cleirigh" from Cleireach, one of their celebrated chiefs in the tenth century ; and a
branch of them having settled in Donegal, became bards and historians to the O'Don-
nells, princes of Tircouuell, and were the authors of the Annals of the Four Masters,
etc. Other branches of the O'Clerys settled in Brefney O'Beilly or the county Cavan.
27. O'Duibligiolla or O'Dlffely, chiefs of Cineal-Cinngamhna [Cean Gamhna] ; Mac-
Fiachra, chiefs of Oga Peathra ; O'Cathain or O'Cahan, chiefs of Cineal-Sedna ; and
O'Maghna, chiefs of Ceanridhe, all chiefs in Aidhne or South Hy-Fiachra : all these
chiefs were descended from Guaire Aidhne, a king of Connaught in the seventh cen-
tury. 28. O'Madagain or O'Madadliain, anglicised '* Madden," chief of Siol Anmchadha
orSilancha: a name derived from "x4umchadh," a descendant of Colla-da-Chrioch.
This territory comprised the present barony of Longford in the county Galway, and