the " Eoll of the Monarchs," page 60), the only woman that held
the Monarchy of Ireland. He was a warlike Prince and fortunate in his
undertakings. He went into Scotland with a powerful army to reduce to
obedience the Pictish nation, then growing refractory in the payment of
their yearly tribute to the Monarchs of Ireland ; which having performed,
he returned, and, after twenty years' reign, was slain in battle by his
Heremonian successor, B.C. 633.
66. Cobthach Caomh : son of Eeacht Eigh-dearg.
67. Moghcorb: his son.
68. Fearcorb : his son.
69. Adhamhra Foltcain: his son ; died, B.C. 412.
70. Niadhsedhaman : his son ; was the 83rd ^Monarch. In his time
the wild deer were, through the sorcery and witchcraft of his mother,
Cormac, and killed his son Ceallach ; but Cormac, having quelled the rebellion in
seven successive battles, drove Aongus and his accomplices into Munster, where they
got settlements from Olioll Olum, then king of Munster, who granted them the lands
extending from the river Suir southward to the sea, and from Lismore to Cean
Criadain, now Creadon Head : thus comprising almost the whole of the territory
elseif (getClientWidth() > 430)
afterwards called the county Waterford ; and they gave to that country the name of
Ueisc or Nandesi^ which, in Munster, was called Deisi, to distinguish it from Ijeise, in
Meath. The Desians becoming numerous and powerful in Munster, Aongus, King of
Munster in the fifth century, conferred on them additional lands, and annexed to
their territory Magh Feimin, which extended north of the river Suir as far as Corca
Eathrach, comprising the country called Machaire Caisil (or the plain of Cashel), and
districts about Clonmel ; forming the present barony of Middlethird, with part of Ofia,
in Tipperary. The territory comprised in this grant of King Aongus was distinguished
by the name of Deise in Tuaisceart or North Desie, and the old territory in Waterford
was called Deise Deisceart or South Desie, The name Desie is still retained in the two
baronies of " Decies," in the county Waterford.
Desmond : The territory called " Desmond" comprised, according to Smith in his
Histories of Cork and Kerry, the whole of the present county of Cork, and the greater
part of Kerry, together with a portion of Waterford, and also a smaU part of the south
of Tipperary, bordering on Cork, called the Eoghanaet Caisil : thus extending from
Brandon Mountain, in the barony of Corcaguiney, county Kerry, to the river
Blackwater, near Lismore, in the county Waterford ; but, in after times, under the
Fitzgeralds, Earls of Desmond, this territory was confined to the baronies of Bear and
Bantry, and other portions of the south-west of Cork, together with that part of Kerry
south of the river Mang.
West Munster : The north-western part of Kerry, with a large portion of Limerick,
QQ IRISH PEDIGREES. [PART III.
usually driven home with the cows, and tamely suffered themselves to be
milked every day.
71. lonadmaor : his son ; was the 87th Monarch.
72. Lughaidh Luaighne : his son; the 89th Monarch.
73. Cairbre Lusgleathan : his son.
74. Duach Dalladh Deadha : his son; was the 91st Monarch, and
(except Crimthann, the 125th Monarch, was) the last of thirty-three
Monarchs of the line of Heber that ruled the Kingdom ; and but one more
of them came to the Monarchy — namely, Brian Boroimhe, the thirty-first
generation down from this Duach, who pulled out his younger brother
Deadha's eyes (hence the epithet Dalladh, " blindness," applied to Deadha)
for daring to come between him and the throne.
75. Eochaidh Garbh : his son.
76. Muireadach Muchna : his son.
77. Mofebhis : his wife. [In the ancient Irish Eegal Eoll the name of
Mofebhis is by mistake entered after that of her husband, instead of the
name of their son, Loich Mdr ; and, sooner than disturb the register num-
bers of the succeeding names, O'Clery thought best to let the name of
Mofebhis remain on the Eoll, but to point out the inaccuracy.]
78. Loich Mor: son of Muireadach and Mofebhis.
79. Eanna Muncain : his son.
80. Dearg Theine : his son. This Dearg had a competitor in the
Kingdom of Munster, named Darin, of the sept of Lugaidh, son of Ithe,
the first (Milesian) discoverer of Ireland ; between whom it was agreed
that their posterity should reign by turns, and when (one of) either of the
septs was King, (one of) the other should govern in the civil affairs of
the Kingdom; which agreement continued so, alternately, for some
extending to the Shannon, and comprising tlie present baronies of Upper and Lower
Connello, was called lar Mumhan or West Munster. This territory is connected with
some of the earliest events in Irish history. Partholan, who planted the first colony
in Ireland, sailed from Greece through Muir Toirian (the ancient Irish name of the
Mediterranean Sea), and landed on the coast of Ireland at Inver Sceine — now the Bay
of Kenmare, in Kerry.
The Milesians of the race of Heber Fionn possessed the greater part of Munster ;
but the descendants of Ithe, the uncle of Milesius of Spain, also possessed in early
times a great part of that province. The race of Heber furnished most of the Kings of
Munster, and many of them were also Monarchs of Ireland. The Ithians or the race
of Ithe also furnished many Kings of Munster, and some of them were also Monarchs of
Ireland. By the old annalists the Heberians were called Deirgtheine, after one of their
ancient Kings of that name ; the Ithians were also called Dairine, from one of their Kings
The Clan-na-Deaghaidh settled in Munster a short time before the Christian era.
They were named ** Degadians," from Deagadh or Deadha their chief; and " Emans,"
from Olioll Earon, a Heremonian prince in Ulster, and an ancestor of Deag (see No. 68
in the ** Genealogy of the Kings of Dalriada.")
The Degadians or Emans being expelled from Ulster by the race of Ir (or the Clan-
na-Rory), went to Munster, where they were favourably receired and badlands allotted
to them by Duach, King of Munster, of the race of Heber, and the 91st Monarch of
According to Keating, OTlaherty, O'Halloran, and other historians, the Clan-na-
Deaghaidh or Ernans became very powerful, and were the chief military commanders of
Munster, and masters nearly of the entire country : some of them became Kings of Munster,
and three of them also Monarchs of Ireland— namely, 1. Edersceal, 2. Conaire Mor, 3.
CHAP. I.] THE LINE OF HEBER. 67
81. Dearg (2) : son of Dearg Theiae.
82. Magha Neid : his son.
83. Eoghan Mor [Owen Mor]. or Eugene the Great : his son. This
Eugene was commonly called " Mogha Nuadhad," and was a wise and
politic prince and great warrior. From him Magh-Nuadhad (now
^' Maynooth'') is so called ; where a great battle was fought between him
and Conn of the Hundred Battles, the llObh Monarch of Ireland, a.d. 122,
with whom he was in continual wars, until at lasfc, after many bloody
battles, he forced him to divide the kingdom with him in two equal parts
by the boundary of Esker Eiada — a long ridge of Hills from Dublin to
Gal way ; determining the south parb to himself, which he called after his
own name Leath Mogha or Mogha's Half (of Ireland), as the north part was
called Leath Cuinn or Conn's Half; and requiring Conn to give his daughter
Sadhbh (or Sabina) in marriage to his eldest son Olioll Olum. Beara,
daughter of Heber, the great King of Castile (in Spain), was his wife, and
the mother of Olioll Olum and of two daughters (who were named respec-
tively), Caomheall and Scothniamh ; after all, he was slain in Battle by the
said Conn of the Hundred Battles.
84. Olioll Olum : son of Eoghan Mor ; was the first of this line named
in the Regal Roll to be king of both Munsters ; for, before him, there were
two septs that were alternately kings of Munster, until this Olioll married
Sabina, daughter of the Monarch Conn of the Hundred Battles, and widow
of Mac Niadh, chief of the other sept of Darin, descended from Ithe, and
by whom she had one son named Lughaidh, commonly called "Luy
Maccon;" who, when he came to man's age, demanded from Olioll, his
stepfather, the benefit of the agreement formerly made between their
ancestors ; which Olioll not only refused to grant, but he also banished
Maccon out of Ireland ; who retired into Scotland, where, among his many
friends and relations, he soon collected a strong party, returned with them
Conaire the Second, who were respectively the 95th, 97th, and the 111th Monarchs of
Ireland. This Kin^ Conaire the Second (or Conaire Mac Mogha Laine) was married
to Sarad, sister of King Art Eanfhear, his successor in the Monarchy: of this marriage
was Cairbre Riada, from whom were descended the Dalriadians, Princes of Dalriada in
Ulster ; and who was the first King of Dalriada in Scotland, of which Loarn, the
maternal grandfather of Fergus Mor Mac Earca — the founder of the Milesian Monarchy
in Scotland, was the last.
About the beginning of the Christian era, Eochaidh Abhra Ruadh (or Eochy of the
Red Brows or Eyelids), of the race of Heber, and a man of gigantic stature, was King
of South Mun ster ; and Conrigh Mac Dair^, one of the chiefs of the Beagas or Ernans,
was Prince of North Munster, and was succeeded by Cairbre Fionn M6r, son of the
Monarch Conaire Mor, as King of Munster. In the second century, Eochaidh, the son
of Daire, succeeded as King of both Munsters. In the same century, Eoghan Mor, the
celebrate d King of Munster (also called Eoghan Taidleach or Owen the Splendid), of
the race of Heber, and maternally descended from the Clan-na-Deaya, was a great
warrior. The Clan-na-Deaga or Ernans becoming so powerful at the time, as nearly to
assume the entire sovereignty of Munster — to the exclusion of the race of Heber — they
were attacked and conquered by Eaghan M6r, who expelled them from Munster, except
such families of them as yielded him submission.
Conn of the Hundred Battles, having succeeded Cahir M6r as (the 110 th) Monarch
of Ireland, had long and fierce contests with the above-named Eoghan [Owen] M6r for
the sovereignty of the country; but they at length agreed to divide the Kingdom
between them, by a line drawn direct from Dublin to Gal way : the northern half, con-
sisting of the Kingdoms of Meath, Ulster, and Connaught, being Conn's share, and
68 IRISH PEDIGREES. [PART III.
to Ireland, and with the help and assistance of the rest of his sept who
joined with them, he made war upon Olioll; to whose assistance his
(Olioll's) brother-in-law, Art-Ean-Fhear, then Monarch of Ireland, came
with a good army ; between whom and Maccon was fought the great and
memorable battle of Magh Mucromha (or Muckrove), near Athenry, where
the Monarch Art, together with seven of Olioll's nine sons, by Sabina, lost
their lives, and their army was totally defeated and routed. By this great
victory Maccon not only recovered his right to the Kingdom of Munster,
but the Monarchy also, wherein he maintained himself for thirty years ;
leaving the Kingdom of Munster to his stepfather Olioll Olum, undis-
After the battle, Olioll, having but two sons left alive, namely Cormac-
Cas and Cian, and loeing very old, settled his kingdom upon Cormac, the
elder son of the two, and his posterity ; but soon after being informed that
Owen Mor, his eldest son (who was slain in the battle of Magh Mucromha,
above mentioned), had by a Druid's daughter issue, named Feach (Fiacha
Maolleathan as he was called), born after his father's death, Olioll ordained
that Cormac should be king during his life, and Feach to succeed him, and
after him Cormac's son, and their posterity to continue so by turns ; which
(arrangement) was observed between them for many generations, some-
times dividing the kingdom between them, by the name of South, or
I^orth Munster, or Desmond, and Thomond.
From these three sons of Olioll Olum are descended the Hiberian
nobility and gentry of Munster and other parts of Ireland ; viz., from Owen
Mor are descended McCarthy, O'Sullivan, O'Keeffe, and the rest of the
ancient nobility of Desmond ; from Cormac-Cas are descended O'Brien,
MacMahon, 0' Kennedy, and the rest of the nobility and gentry of Thomond ;
and from Cian [Kian] are descended O'CarroU (of Ely-O' Carroll), 0' Meagher,
O'Hara, O'Gara, etc.
thence called Leath Cuinn, signifying "Conn's Half" (of Ireland) ; and the southern
portion, or Kingdoms of Leinster and Munster, being allotted to Owen M6r, or Mogha
Nuadhad, as he was called, and hence named Leath Mogha, or "Mogha's Half" ; and
this division of Ireland was long recognized in after times, and is often mentioned in the
Annals of the Four Masters. But Owen Mor was afterwards defeated and forced to fly
to Spain, where he lived for some time in exile; and there entering into a confederacy
with Fraoch, his brother-in-law, who was Prince of Castile, they collected a powerful
army with which they landed in Ireland, to recover the sovereignty from Conn of the
Hundred Battles ; and both armies fought a tremendous battle on the Plain of Moylena,
in which Conn was victorious, and Owen M6r was slain. According to O'Flaherty, this
battle was fought in the ancient barony of Fircall, in the "King's County, where there
are still to be seen two hillocks or sepulchral mounds, in one of which was buried the
body of Owen Mor, and in the other that of Fraoch, the Spaniard, who was also slain
in that battle.
Olioll Olum, son of Owen M6r, having refused to grant to Lugaidh Maccon the
portion of Munster to which he was by a former arrangement entitled, Lugaidh [Luy}
contended with Olioll, who defeated hira and Nemeth, Prince of the Ernans, in a great
battle ; after which Olioll became sole King of Munster.
Lugaidh Maccon having been expelled from MunsterT)y Olioll Olum, and banished
to Britain, projected an invasion of Ireland ; and, assisted by the Britons and other
foreign auxiliaries under the command of Beine Briot (or Beine the Briton), who was
one of the most famous warriors of that age, and son of the King of "Wales, landed a
powerful army in Gal way. Olioll's cause was espoused by his brother-in-law Art-Ean-
Fhear (then Monarch of Ireland, and the uncle of Lugaidh Maccon), and by Forga,
King of Connaught ; who collected their forces and fought a great battle with the
CHAP. I.] THE LINE OF HEBER. 69
85. Owen Mor (2) : son of Olioll Olum.
86. Fiacha (or Feach) Maolleathan : his son.
87. Olioll Flann-beag : his son. This Olioll, King of Munster for thirty-
years, had an elder brother, Olioll Flann-m6r, who, having no issue,
adopted his younger brother to be his heir ; conditionally, that his name
should be inserted in the Pedigree as the father of this Olioll ; and so it
is in several copies of the Munster antiquaries, with the reason thereof, as
88. Lughaidh : son of Olioll Flann-beag ; had two younger brothers
named Main Mun-Chain, and Daire (or Darius) Cearb ; and by a second
marriage he had two sons — 1. Lughach, 2. Cobthach.
89. Core : eldest son of Lughaidh. This Core, to shun the unnatural
love of his stepmother, fled in his youth to Scotland, where he married
Mong-fionn, daughter of Feredach Fionn, otherwise called Fionn Cormac,
King of the Picts (who, in Irish, are called Cruithneach or Cruithneans),
by whom he had several sons, whereof Main Leamhna, who remained in
Scotland, was the ancestor of "Mor Mhaor Leamhna," i.e., Great Stewards
of Lennox ; from whom were descended the Kings of Scotland and England
of the Stewart or Stuart Dynasty, and Cronan, who married Cairche,
daughter of Leaghaire MacNiall, the 128th Monarch of Ireland, by whom
he got territory in Westmeath, from her called " Cuircneach," now called
This Core, also, although never converted to Christianity, was one of
the three Kings or Princes appointed by the triennial parliament held at
Tara in St. Patrick's time, " to review, examine, and reduce into order
all the monuments of antiquity, genealogies, chronicles, and records of
the kingdom ;" the other two being Daire or Darius, a Prince of Ulster,
and Leary the Monarch. With these three were associated for that pur-
pose St. Patrick, St. Benignus, and St. Carioch ; together with Dubhthach,
foreigners, in the county of Galway, where the latter were victorious ; and after which
Lugaidh Maccon became Monarch of Ireland, leaving Munster to his stepfather Olioll.
In this battle the Monarch Art was slain ; and his head cut off near a brook or pool,
which, from that circumstance, was called Turloch Airt — situated between Moyvola and
Killornan in the county of Galway. According to Connellan, the Irish kerns and
galloglasses generally decapitated the chiefs they had slain in battle, as they considered
no man actually dead until his head was cut off.
Olioll Olum had three sons named Eoghan, Cormac Gas and Cian [Kian] ; and by
his will he made a regulation that the kingdom of Munster should be ruled alternately
by one of the posterity of Eoghan (or Eugene) Mor and Cormac Gas. This Cormac
Gas was married to Oriund, daughter of King of Denmark, and by her had a son
named Mogha Corb. From Cormac Cas, king of Munster, or according to others,
his descendant Cas, who was king of Thomond in the fifth century, their posterity
got the name Dal Cats, anglicised "Dalcassians ;" the various families of whom were
located chiefly in that part of Thomond which forms the present county of Clare ; and
the ruling family of them were the O'Briens, Kings of Thomond. From Eoghan, the
eldest of the sons of Olioll Olum, were descended the i/o^r/ianac/i^s or "Eugenians,"
who were, alternately with the Dalcassians, Kings of Munster, from the third to the
eleventh century. The Eugenians possessed Desmond or South Munster. The head
family of the Eugenians were the MacCarthys, princes of Desmond. From Cian, the
third son of Olioll Olum, were descended the Clan Cian, who were located chiefly in
Ormond ; and the chief of which families were the O'Carrolls, princes of Ely. In the
latter part of the third century, Lugaidh Meann, King of Munster, of the race of the
Dalcassians, took from Connaught the territory afterwards called the county of Glare,
70 IRISH PEDIGREES. [PART III.
Fergus, and Rosse Mac Trichinn, the chief antiquaries of Ireland (at the
time). From Core, the City of Cork is called, according to some authors.
90. Nathfraoch : son of Core ; had a brother named Cas.
91. Aongus or -^neas : his son. This "was the first Christian King of
Munster. He had twenty-four sons and twenty-four daughters, whereof
he devoted to the service of God one-half of both sexes.
When this King was baptized by St. Patrick, the Saint offering to
fasten his Staff or Crozier in the ground, accidentally happened to pierce
the foot of ^neas through, whereby he lost much blood ; but thinking it
to be part of the ceremony (of Baptism), he patiently endured it until the
Saint had done. He ordained three pence per annum from every person
that should be baptized throughout Munster, to be paid to St. Patrick
and the Church in manner following : viz., five hundred cows, five hundred
stone of iron, five hundred shirts, five hundred coverlets, and five hundred
sheep, every third year. He reigned 3G years, at the end whereof he and
his wife Eithne, daughter of Crimthann-Cas, King of Leinster, were
92. Felim, his son ; was the second Christian King of Munster. His
eleven brothers that did not enter into Religious Orders were — 1. Eocha,
third Christian King of Munster, ancestor of C'Keeffe; 2. Dubh Ghilcach;
3. Breasail, from whom descended the great antiquary and holy man
Cormac Mac Culenan, the 39th Christian King of Munster, and Arch-
bishop of Cashel, author of the ancient Irish Chronicles called the
"Psalter of Cashel;" 4. Senach ; 5. Aodh (or Hugh) Caoch (Eithne
was mother of the last three); 6. Carrthann ; 7. Nafireg; 8. Aodh;
9. Felim; 10. Losian; and 11. Dathi; from ail of whom many families
and added it to Thomond. In the seventh century, Guaire, the 12th Christian King
of Connaught, having collected a great aimy, marched into Thomond, for the purpose
of recovering the territory of Clare, which had been taken from Connaught ; and
fought a great battle against the Munster forces commanded by Failbhe Flann and
Dioma, Kings of Munster, but the Conacians were defeated. In the third century,
Fiacha Maolleathan, King of Munster, and the grandson of Olioll Olum, had his
residence at Rathnaoi, near Cashel, now called Knockraffan ; and this Fiacha
granted to Cairbre Muse, son of the king of Meatb, and a famous bard, as a reward
lor his poems, an extensive territory, called from him, Muscrith Tire, comprising the
present baronies of " Ormond," in the county of Tippeiary. The Kings of Desmond of
the Eoghan or Eugeuian race, were also styled Kings of Cashel, as they chiefly resided
The name " Cashel" (in Irish Cai&iol or Caiseal) signifies a stone fortress or castle ;
or, according to others, a rock ; or, as stated in Cormac's Glossary, is derived from
Cios, rent, and ail, a rock, signifying the rock of tribute : as the people paid tribute
there to their Kings. This Fortress of the Kings was situated on the great reck of
Cashel ; and Core, King of Munster, of the Owen Mor or Eugenian race, in the fourth
century, was the first who made Cashel a royal residence. This Core, residing some-
times in Albany, married Mongfionn, daughter of Fearadach, King of the Picts — the
Princes descended from this marriage were progenitors of the earls of Lennox and
Marr, who were "Great Stewards" of Scotland, and a quo the surname Stewart.
Aongus (or ^neas). who was the first Christian King of Munster, was the grandson
of this Core. In the ninth and tenth centuries the Danes oven-an different parts of
Ireland, and made settlements, particularly in the sea-ports of Dublin, Wexford,
Waterford, Limerick, and Cork. In the middle of the tenth century, Ceallachan,
King of Cashel, who was of the Eugenian race, and a celebrated warrior, carried on
long and fierce contests with the Danes ; whom he defeated in many battles.
Ceallachan died, a.d. 952.
CHAP. I.] BRA.
93. Crimthann : his son.
94. Aodh Dubh [Duff] : his son ; reigned 15 years.
95. Failbh^ Flann : his son ; was the 16th Christian King of Munster,
and reigned 40 years. From this Failbh^ Flann the MacCarthy families
are descended. He had a brother named Fingin,* who reigned before
him, and who is said by the Munster antiquaries, to have been the elder ;
this Fingin was the ancestor of 0' Sullivan. As the seniority of these two
families has been a disputed question, we here go no further in the descent
of the House of Heber : we commence the " MacCarthy " genealogy with
this (No. 95) Failbh6 Flann; and the " O'Sullivan " genealogy with
Fingin, his brother,
Each of these genealogies can be seen, infra, in its
L(yrd Chancellor of Ireland.
Arms: Az. a saltire engr. or. hetw. four martlets ar. on a chief gu. three dishes,
each holding a boar's head couped of the second. Crest; A martlet or. charged on the
breast with a trefoil slipped vert. Motto: Vincit pericula virtus.
Sir Denis O'Grady, alias O'Brady, of Fassaghmore, co. Clare, who is
No. 124 on the "O'Grady" genealogy, was an ancestor of this branch of
that family. He had a grant from King Henry the Eighth, by Patent, in
1543, of Tomgrany, Finnagh, Killachullybeg, Killachullymor, Seanboy-
Cronayn, Killokennedy, Clony, Killchonmurryan, Enocheim, Parchayne,
and KiltuUa, in the county Clare ; d. in 1569. Sir Denis had four sons:
I. Edmond, whod. s. p. in 1576.
II. Donal, who also d. s. p.
III. John, who surrendered his
estates to Queen Elizabeth, and
from her had a regrant by
Patent, in 1582. this John
m. Catherine Bourke, and had :
I. Donogh O'Grady, of Fas-
saghmore, from whom de-
scended the O'Gradys of the
county Limerick, and else-
IV. Eight Eev. Hugh Brady,
lord bishop of Meath, was the
first of the family that omitted
the sirname "O'Grady" : his
descendants have since called
125. Eight Eev. Hugh Brady
first Protestant Bishop of Meath :
fourth son of Sir Denis ; b. at Dun-
boyne, county Meath. Was twice
m. : by his first wife Hugh had no
issue j his second wife was Alice,
dau. of Sir Robert Weston, Lord
Chancellor of Ireland, by whom he
had three sons and a daughter :
I. Luke, who m. Agnes Evans,
and had one son and one
* Fingin : If we look to the Roll of " The Kings of Munster " (in the Appendix),
under the heading " Provincial Kings," we find that Fingin, son of Hugh Dubh, is