John O'Hart.

Irish pedigrees; or, The origin and stem of the Irish nation (Volume 1) online

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le more diligence would be needed by spies, or official persons, for acquiring the
iformation, past or present, desired by the English Government."

In preparing the materials for this Edition I saw the great help ifc
ould render to the Science of Comparative Philology, were I to give in
s correct orthography"*^ each Irish proper name mentioned in the Work,
rith that view I revised, de novo, all my Notes ; and, mistakes and errors
icepted, have written the personal names and sirnames therein recorded

they were spelled in the Irish language. To the Philoloo-ist and
thnologist the study of these Irish proper names will disclose a mine of
itiquarian wealth more precious, in my opinion, than any of the rich
itiquities lately discovered in Assyria, Mycenae, or the Troad.

Up to the eleventh century every Irish personal name was signijScant
id was sometimes rendered more so by the application of some additional
mame or epithet. The English meaning of the Irish name or epithet
'om which each Irish sirname is derived, is, in almost every instance
ere given ; and, in some cases, I trace the epithet or its cognate in others
: the ancient languages, to show that the Gaelic Irish speech is connected
L sisterhood with the most venerated languages in the world.

The reader who looks through the " Index of Sirnames" will find in
le body of the work (where I give the derivation of the names), that
lany families are of Irish descent who have long been considered of
neign extraction : for, dispossessed in former times of their territories in
•eland, by more powerful families than their own, or by the Danish, or
nglish, invasion, members of some Irish families settled in Great Britain,

on the Continent ; and, from time to time afterwards, descendants of

* Orthography : It may be well to mention that the word in [bracket] in any
ige in this work is meant to approximate the pronunciation of the Irish word which
>!cedes it.


such persons, with their sirnames so twisted, translated, or disguised as t<
appear of Engb'sh or Anglo-Norman origin, came to Ireland in the rank
of its invaders— in the hope that, if they succeeded in its conquest, the-
would, as many of them did, receive from the conquerors some of the Irisi
estates confiscated in those unhappy times in Ireland.

It may be asked — Why trace in this Work the genealogy of the pre
sent Eoyal Family of Great Britain and Ireland ; since Queen ViCTORiA'f
immediate ancestors were German Princes who were in no way connectec
with Ireland. I would reply that, as Queen Victoria is of Irish linea
descent, I have traced in Irish Pedigrees Her Majesty's Lineage. Ana
it is satisfactory to me to have to record that the Queen's Irish linea
descent, as I trace it down from Heremon, son of Milesius of Spain (a que
the Milesian Irish Nation), is the same as that compiled by the Rev. A. B.
Grimaldi, M.A., and published* within the last month or two in London!

Scholars who are best acquainted with them contend that the Annals
of the Kingdom of Ireland, compiled by the '' Four Masters," are more reU-
able than even those of Greece, which have been accepted because of the
accident of the Greek language having been studied and encoura-ed by the
Romans, who led the mind of Europe so long before and after the°Christian
era. Therefore it was that, through conquest, most of the countries of
Europe, including Britain and Gaul, were forced to receive the Roman
civilization. But, with Pagan Rome Ireland had no dealings : « She was "
writes De Vere, " an eastern nation in the West ; her civiHzation was not
military, it was patriarchal— whose type was the family, and not the
army; it was a civilization of Clans." Claudian, speaking of the battles
of the Roman general Stihco with the Britons and Picts, and the Scots of
Ireland, in the latter end of the fourth century, says :

Totam cum Scotus lernem,

Movit et infesto spumavit remige Tefchys ;

which may be translated, as follows :

When the Scot moved all Ireland against us, and the ocean foamed %vith his
hostile oars.

"Leagued with their countrymen in Scotland, and with the Piets'
continues De Vere, "the ancient Irish had repeatedly driven back th,
Eoraans behind their farther waU, tiU they left the land defenceless.'


Therefore it was that Pagan Eome hated Ireland and its belongings ; and,
following in the footsteps of their masters, the Eoman-conquered nations
learned to frown not only on the language of Ireland, but on Ireland's
admirable Philosophy :

Long, long neglected Gaelic tongue,

Thou'st died upon our Irish plains,
Save some lingering sounds that stay,

To tell us that a wreck remains.
Our " hundred hills" each bears a name —

An echo from each vale is wrung
Upon our ears — these bring with shame

Remembrance of our native tongue,

RiNGSEND School, Dublin,

August, 1878.

^ 6


In the priceless volumes of O'Clery's and MacFirbis's great MS. Works,
which are written in the Irish language, and deposited in the Royal Irish
Academy, I found pedigrees which are not recorded in CFarrell's Linea
Antiqua, nor in the Betham Genealogical Collections, both of which are
preserved in the Office of Ulster King-of-Arms, Dublin Castle ; while in
Ulster's Office some of the ancient Irish Genealogies are more fully-
recorded than they are in either of the former volumes.

In the Works of O'Clery and MacFirbis are — 1. The lineal descent of
the Spanish Royal Family, from Adam down to King Philip V. ; 2. The
Genealogy of St. Patrick, the Apostle of Ireland ; 3. The Genealogy of
St. Brigid, the Patron Saint of Ireland; 4. An account of Ceasair, who
came to Ireland before Noah's Deluge ;^' 5. Of Partholan, the first planter
of Ireland ; 6. Of Neimhidh ; 7. Of the Firbolgs ; 8. Of the Tuatha de
Danans; 9. Of the Gaels; 10. Of the Milesians; 11. Irish Pedigrees;
12. Anglo-Irish and Anglo-Norman Genealogies ; 13. The Irish Saints,
etc. Those here numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 10, 11 and 12 are given in this
Edition; and some of No. 13.

MacFirbis, who wrote his Work A.D. 1666, records more of the Irish
Genealogies than does O'Clery, who brings his work down to 1636. But
even MacFirbis does not give all the Irish Genealogies. The wonder is,
however, that he had any to record ; for, the Cromwellian devastation
which occurred in his time, was (see pp. 799-803, infra), intended to
exterminate the Irish race out of Ireland ; and it is certain that, during
that devastation, many of the Irish Genealogies were lost or destroyed !

By the Statute of 5 Edward IV., c. 3. (a.d. 1465) it was enacted, that
every Irishman dwelling within the Pale (then comprising the counties
of Dublin, Meath, Louth, and Kildare) should take an English surname
. . . "of some towne, as Sutfoiij Chester, Tryme, Skryne, Corhe, Kinsale ;
or colour, as TFhite, Blacke, Broivne ; or art or science, as Smith or
Carpenter ; or office, as Cooke, Butler ; and that he and his issue shall use
this name under payne of forfeyting of his goods yearly till the premises
be done, to be levied two times by the yeare to the King's warres,
according to the discretion of the Lord Lieutenant of the King or his
Beauty .''—Statutes at Large, Ireland. Vol. L, p. 29.

*, Deluge : See Note (t), p. 7, infra.


Among the other authorities which we consulted in our latest researches
are " Dana's Geology ;" the *' De la Ponce MS3." (in two vols.) ; and the
" Book of Howth," which is comprised in the Carew Manuscripts, printed
by order of the Master of the Eolls, England, and a copy of which is
contained in the vol., styled " Calendar of State Papers, Carew, Book of
Howth, Miscellaneous." The two latter works may be seen in the Library
of the Royal Irish Academy, Dublin. De la Ponce gives the names and,
in many cases, the genealogies of gentlemen from Ireland, of Irish, Anglo-
Irish, and Anglo-Norman descent, who, after the violation of the Treaty
of Limerick, retired to, or entered the service of France. And, from an
English standpoint, the "Book of Howth" affords much curious informa-
tion in relation to the English invasion of Ireland ; and to the Prince and
Princess of Brefni or Mithe, as "Brefni" is strangely called in the Carew
and other State papers (purporting, perhaps, to mean Midhe [mee] which
was the ancient name of the Kingdom of Meath).

For other information bearing on our subject we are largely indebted
to Prendergast's ** Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland."

Among the MSS. volumes which are preserved in the Library of
Trinity College, DubHn, and which I carefully studied, are those mentioned
in the Paper under that heading in the No. 1 Appendix to Vol. H. Some
of those volumes have enabled us to give the names of the families who
settled in Ireland from the English invasion down to the middle of the
17th century. And, with his usual courtesy, Mr. Prendergast has kindly
permitted us to give from his great work the names of the Cromwellian
Adventurers for Land in Ireland, at that period of unhappy memory to
the Irish people.

As other family names came into Ireland at the time of the Revolu-
tion, it may interest our readers, who have seen Dalton's "King James's
Army List," to also see a list of " King William and Queen Mary's Forces
in Ireland, in 1690." That List, together with the names of the persons
in whom the civil power vested in Ireland, in 1689, is also given in the
No. 1 Appendix to Vol. II. of this Edition. Dalton's " King James's Army
List," published in Dublin in 1855 (and which is classed in Trin. Coll. Lib.
** Gall. Z. 2. 201"), was compiled from the MS. Vol. in that Library
classed F. 1. 14, which gives the Muster Roll of the Army* of King James
II. in Ireland in 1689 ; while the List of William and Mary's forces in
Ireland, in 1690, was compiled by us from the MS. Vol. F. 4. 14, in the
same Library,

♦ Armi/ : King James's Army ia Ireland then consisted of eight regiments of
Horse, seven of Dragoons, and fifty-six of Infantry.


In the MS. Vols, in Trin. Coll., Dublin, classed E. 3. 2, F. 3. 23, F. 3.
27, and F. 4. 18, are fragments of the pedigrees (from two to three or
more generations) of most of the English families whose names are
mentioned in those volumes. A few of those fragments are given in thia
work ; brought down to the first half of the 17th century.

F. 3. 16 is full of curious information. The writer of a paper in p.
188 of that Vol. says :

<' Before I enter into discourse of the present affaires of Ireland and the benefitt
that may be made thereof, I will under your Lopps (Lordships') favour make bould
to premise and give a light touch by way of digression of ye flourishing state of that
Hand in ancient tyme : though now it be in least repute of any land of Europe. I
finde that about the yeare of our Lord's Incarnacion, 450, at which tyme the Romaine
Empire being overrunne by barberous nacions, Pietie and good letters through
Christendome lay overwhelmed by the invndacion of those sauages. Ireland flour-
ished soe noteable in all manor of Litterature and Sancttity as the common and
received proverbe then ranne :

Exemplo patrum Commotus amore Legendi ;
Fuit ad Hibernos Sophia mirabile Qaros.

And St. Barnard witnesseth as much


Confluxerunt omni parte Europae, in Hibernia : discendi causa tanquam
mercatu. bonari artium . . . Flocuerunt sancti in Hibernia quasi 6tell£e in ccelo
et arsene in littore maris fi"estus auirnus ..."

E. 2. U (or Codices 3ISS. in Bill. Lamhethana) mentions the many
manuscripts relating to Ireland which are deposited at Lambeth ; among
which are " Bulla Joan. Papse 22, Ed. 2. Regi Angl. an. 4. Ponti-
ficatus;" "The Pope's Letter to Tyrone, dated 20th January, 1601/'
" A Brief of the Articles of the Plantation of Mounster (Munster) in 28
Elizabeth ;" etc.

It may be said that some Celtic families whose genealogies are given
in this work more properly belong to England, or Scotland, than to
Ireland. But it will be seen (by following up their lineages) that they
are of Milesian Irish extraction. And, to those who think that " Nothing
good can come out of Xazareth," it will, no doubt, appear strange, that
the present Eoyal Family of England derives its lineal descent from the
Eoyal stem of Ireland.

It will be observed that some of the ancient Irish pedigrees are traced
down only to the English invasion of Ireland; some, to the reign of
Queen Elizabeth; some, to the Plantation of Ulster; some to the Crom-
wellian, and others to the Williamite confiscations ; and some down to
A.D. 1887. It will also be seen that, of those Irish families whose pedi-


grees are traced in this work, some contain more generations than others,
for the same period of time. Bat this may be accounted for by the fact,
1 that many of the personages whose names are recorded in the ancient
; Irish Genealogies were Chiefs of Clans, and that the chiefs of dominant
Irish families in the past were often slain in early manhood : because, in
iwar, the Irish Chief headed his clan, and, thus in front of the battle, was
I always exposed to the onslaught of his foe. Hence the average age of the
i generations is low in the pedigrees of those families which longest con-
tinued dominant j which accounts for the greater number of generations.

With reference to the origin of sirnames in Ireland it may be men-
tioned that, in the eleventh century, the Irish Monarch Brian Boroimhe
|[Boru] made an ordinance that every Irish family and clan should
j assume a particular sirname (or sire-name) ; the more correctly to preserve
j the history and genealogy of the different Irish tribes. Each family was
at liberty to adopt a sirname from some particular ancestor, and, generally,
took their names from some chief of their tribe who was celebrated for
his valour, wisdom, piety, or some other great qualities. And the mem-
bers of a family, each in addition to his own proper name, took, as a
common designation, the name of their father, or their grandfather, or of
some more remote ancestor : in the first case prefixing the " Mac," which
means son ; and, in the other two cases, '' Ua" (modernized 0'), which
signifies grandson or descendant of; and, in all instances, the genitive case
of the progenitor's name followed the "Mac,"* or the " 0'":

" In the early ages," writes Dr. Joyce, "individuals received their names from
epithets implying some personal peculiarities, such as colour of hair, complexion, size,
fig\ire, certain accidents of deformity, mental qualities— such as bravery, fierceness,
etc.: and we have only to look at the old forms of the names, to remove any doubt
we may entertain of the truth of this assertion."

By tracing any sirname to the page or pages to which the Index refers,
the reader will, as a rule, find whether such sirname is of Milesian Irish,
or of foreign origin.

I need not say that in my research I felt it a duty as well as a
"labour of love," to collect the Irish Genealogies contained in this
Volume ; and to preserve them in book-form for the information of


RiNGSEND School, Dublin,
October, 1881.

* Mac : See Joyce's Irish Names of Places. Some Irish families have adopted
die prefix Fitz instead of Mac ; but it is right to mention that these two prefixes are


Among the Authorities consulted in the compilation of this^Work are tl.:
foUowing :

1. — Annals of the Four Masters.
2. — Archdall's Monasticon Hibernicum.
3.— Burke's "Landed Gentry."
4.— Carte's "Duke of Ormond."
5. — Coliins's Peerage.

6. — Dalton's " King Jameses Irish Army List."
7. — De Burgh's " Landowners of Ireland."
S. — De Burgo's Hihernia Dominicaiui.
9.— Fiant's Elizabeth.
10. — Freeman's " Norman Conquest."
11. — Hanmer's "History of Ireland."
12. — Hardiman's "West Connaught."
13.— Hardinge on the " Circumstances attending the i Civil War in

Ireland, 16^1-1652."
14. — Harris's Hibernica.
15. — Inquisitions in Chancery.
16.— Jackson's " Curwens of AVorkington Hall."
17. — Jacob's Peerage.
18.— Journal of the Irish Arch. Society.
19. — Lodge's Peerage.
20.— Magee's " History of Ireland."
21.— Mill's "History of the Crusades."
22.— Murphy's "Cromwell in Ireland."
23. — Nicholson's " History of Westmoreland."
24. — O'Conor's "Military Memoirs of the Irish Nation."
25. — O'Laverty's "Historical Account of the Diocese of Down and Conor,

Ancient and Modern.
26. — Patent Rolls, temjy. James I.
27. — Tribes and Customs of Hy-Many.
28.— Ware's "Antiquities of Ireland."
29.— Wright's " History of Ireland."
We are also indebted to the valuable labours of the Eev. Dr. Slaughter,
whose " History of St. Mark's Parish, Virginia," contains much genea-
logical information; and to the labours of Col. J. Chester; Messrs.
Atkinson, of Whitehaven ; Willii>m Murray Eobinson ; George W. Hanson,
of Maryland ; Gough, Nicols, etc.




My Lord,

Desirous, in common with my countrymen, of paying a well-merited
tribute of respect to the Earl of Carnarvon on his retirement, in January,
1886, from the Irish Viceroy alty, I requested his Lordship's acceptance of
the Dedication of the enlarged Edition* of my Irish Landed Gentry
WHEN Cromwell came to Ireland, which I was then preparing for the
press y for, during Lord Carnarvon's short sojourn in Ireland, his Lordship
governed this country with that mild sway which endeared him and his
amiable Countess to the Irish people, irrespective of Class or Creed. With
his uniform courtesj^. Lord Carnarvon kindly accepted the Dedication.
That Work, however, is so laborious, that, in my scanty leisure time, I can-
not possibly have even the first volume of it ready for the press sooner
than two or three years more.

Meantime, the Third Edition of my "Irish Pedigrees" being exhausted,
there was such a demand for a Fourth Edition of the Work, that I had at
once to engage in its preparation ; and thus postpone the compilation of
the enlarged Edition of my Irish Landed Gentry when Cromwell

Satisfied that, no matter how humble the tribute, your Lordship would
not look with indifference on any work which treats of the sad story of my
suffering country since its annexation to England ; 1 respectfully asked
your Lordship, on your retirement in June, 1886, from the Irish Vice-
royalty, to accept the Dedication of this Edition of my Irish Pedigrees.
In accepting the Dedication, your Lordship has but given a proof of the

* EdHion : To include the names of all the Irish landed gentry, in every county
in Ireland, whose estates had been confiscated under the Cromwellian Settlement ; and
the names of the persons to whom, respectively, those estates were then in whole, or
in part, conveyed.


kind and conciliating spirit which also characterised your Administration,
during the pleasing sojourn in Ireland of your Lordship and the amiable
Countess of Aberdeen.

In this Edition are given the " Origin and Stem of the Irish Nation;"
the Genealogies of the Irish families which branched from that Stem ; and
the Names of the families of Danish, Anglo-Norman, English, "Welsh,
Scottish, Huguenot, and Palatine extraction which, from time to time, settled
in Ireland. It is needless to say that, to make room for each migration
of these foreign families into this country, many of the " Mere Ir'ishrie'
were, by the English Authorities of those times in Ireland, cruelly
deprived of their patrimonies. But the greatest ruin sustained by the
Irish people was in the Commonwealth period, when the Protestant Irish
landlords who sympathised with King Charles L, and the Catholic Irish
landlords of that period who escaped Strafford's spoliation, were reduced
to the ranks of the peasantry!

Of the ruin which the English connection has produced in Ireland, my
own family, my Lord, is a sad instance. At the time of the English
invasion of Ireland, one of my ancestors, who is No. 106 on my family
pedigree (see p. 672, infra)^ was the Prince of Tara ; and Murcha O'Melaghlin
was King of the ancient Kingdom of Meath. In the Chapter headed
" The English Invasion of Ireland," pp. 792-799, infra^ it will be seen
that the names of the last King of Meath and the last Prince of Tara were
not amongst the signatures of the States {Ordines), Monarch, Kings, and
Princes of Ireland, which were sent to Rome, A.D. 1172 {Chartis siihsignatis
oraditis, ad Romam transmissis) ; notifying Pope Adrian IV., under their
Signs Manual, of their assent to his transfer of their respective sove-
reignties to King Henry II. of England, and of all their Authority
(Imperium) and Power. But, while second to none in their veneration for
the Supreme Pontiff, the King of Meath and his Nobles could not recog-
nise in Pope Adrian IV. any authority to transfer to King Henry II., of
England, or to any foreign Potentates, the sovereignty of their Kingdom,
and, with their sovereignty, the power of dispossessing themselves and
their people of their ancient patrimonies !

But Henry II. had his revenge : one of his first public acts in Ireland
was (contrary to his solemn promise that he desired only the annexation of
the country to England, but in no instance to disturb or dispossess any of
the Irish Kings, Princes, Chiefs, or people,) to depose the King of Meath,*

* Meath : The Kingdom of Meath afterwards formed the principal portion of the
English Pale.


and confer his Kingdom on Hugh de Lacy, as a nucleus for the first Eng-
lish Plantation of Ireland :

No more to chiefs and ladies bright

The harp of Tara swells ;
The chord alone that breaks at night

Its tale of ruin tells,
^'hus Freedom now so seldom wakes,

The only throb she gives
Is when some heart indignant breaks,

To show that still she lives.

Thus deprived of his family patrimony in the Kingdom of Meath by
Henry H., the last Prince of Tara received from the then Prince of Tir-
connell* a territory in North Sligo, where, up to the Viceroyalty of the
Earl of Strafford, temp. Charles I., my family ranked as Chieftains.
There, at Ardtarmon,t and at Ballinfull (anciently called Dun Full), near
Lisadill, the seat of Sir Henry William Gore Booth, Barfc., are the
ancient remains of the O'Hart castles in the county Sligo. But in the
beginning of the 17th century the Castle of mBofuinn (corruptly anglicised
*' Newtown"), on the shore of Lough Gill, near Dromahair, was (see under
No. 116, on our family pedigree, pp. 673-675) built in the Tudor style, by
Aodh (or Hugh) Mor O'Hart ; another, by his brother Brian O'Hart, on
the site of the family old castle at Ardtarmon ; and a third, by another
brother Teige O'Hart, at North Grange or Druracliffe. The remains of
these once splendid castles at Ardtarmon and Newtown are in tolerable
preservation ; but, it is worthy of remark that, the stone which was im-
bedded in the front wall immediately over the entrance to the Newtown
Castle has been removed therefrom, and, strange to say, is said to have
been "buried in ]\Ir. Wynne's garden at Hazlewood," near the town of
Sligo, and (see pp. 674-675) thence removed to Lisadill by the Gore-
Booth family, who were, in the female line, the Hneal descendants of the
Captain Robert Parke, who, according to the Civil Survey, was the
recognised owner of Newtown, A.D. 1641. But whij the said stone was
removed from its place over the Newtown Castle entrance, or by whose
orders it was taken away, I have not ascertained. Possibly the Family
Arms of the person who built said Castle, and the date of its erection,
have been engraved on said stone. If so, it would explain, perhaps, why
the said stone has been so mysteriously removed.

* TirconneU : At that period the northern portion of the present county Sligo be-
longed to the Principality of TirconneU.

^Ardtarmon : Or, more properly, " Art-tarmon :" Jrt being the root or name a
quo the sirname "O'Hart;" and tnrmon being the Irish for "sanctuary" or "pro-
tection," and sometimes meaning " church-lands."


The last of my ancestors who lived in the Castle of Newtown, above
mentioned, was (see Note J " Newtown Castle," pp. 676-677) Donoch (or
Donogh) O'Hart, who (see the same pages) is No. 120 on my family pedi-
gree ; this Donoch was, under the Cromwellian Settlement, dispossessed